One Billion Rising to end violence against girls
When a 23-year-old student in Delhi was beaten, gang raped and murdered as she rode a bus home, it shocked the world and sparked mass protests against violent attitudes towards women. In Nepal, the case of a woman who was allegedly robbed by immigration officials and raped by police while returning home from working abroad triggered similar protests demanding action to tackle this violence.
In India & Nepal, the gruesome attacks forced the nations to have an uncomfortable conversation about the deep rooted discrimination against its women. But they are not isolated cases – sadly violence is a fact of life for many women and girls across the whole world.
This week, I’ll be travelling to the Democratic Republic of the Congo where rape has been used as a weapon of war and a tool to terrorise girls and women. But this is not a ‘developing world’ problem - a United Nations report found that up to 70% of women experience physical or sexual violence from men in their lifetime – the majority by husbands, intimate
partners or someone they know. That equates to one billion women and
girls who will be raped or beaten in their lifetime.
This Thursday, the 14th February, the One Billion Rising coalition is mobilising men and women across the world to demand an end to this violence. I’m proud that Save the Children India, Save the Children in Nepal and other Save the Children offices across the world will be supporting this day of action and saying enough is enough.
Violence against women begins with violence against girls. In many countries, this begins even before birth –estimates suggest that there are over 100 million ‘missing women’ as a result of sex-selective abortions.
For far too many girls this violence continues through childhood. In its most obvious forms that means millions of girls face being victims of sexual violence, female genital mutilation and forced into early marriages. In the next decade more than 100 million girls are expected to be married before they reach 18. Early marriage increases the likelihood of early pregnancy and that substantially increases a child’s risk of ill-health and even death - babies born to girls in their teens face a 50% higher risk of dying before age one than babies born to women in their 20s.
But violence comes in less obvious forms too. Excess female childhood mortality is on the rise in several areas of the world. Globally, there are 107 female child deaths for every 100 deaths amongst male children. Often because of a lower value put on them girls eat last and least in vulnerable households around the world and have less access to healthcare than boys. Gender discrimination towards women is inseparably linked to child survival—studies have repeatedly shown that the mortality, health and well-being of children are intimately linked to the health of their mothers.
What can we do about this? Awareness raising initiatives, such as One Billion Rising, are essential. They help to challenge a culture of impunity and social acceptance which too often means violence is accepted as a fact of life and perpetrators go unpunished. Protection, education and empowerment are also vital. We work in communities with men and women to ensure the health and wellbeing of girls and pregnant women and to tackle this discrimination and violence.
This Thursday, I hope that millions of women, men, boys and girls will rise up and join the call against violence. But the 14th February must just be the beginning- it is only through a truly global, concerted effort that we can hope to end this violence and discrimination and achieve the change needed to ensure no girl growing up has to live in fear.
Whitbread is CEO of Save the Children International. Nepalnews.com