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dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/sf] tof/L

sf7df8f}“ . u7aGwg ;/sf/sf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] bn PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_n] dGqLsf nflu kf6L{leq r'lnPsf] slrª\un Joj:yfkg ug{ ;s]df oxL ;ftfleq dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ x'g] ePsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnnfO{ dfcf]jfbLn] dGqL agfpg cfkm\gf tkm{af6 gfd pknAw u/fpg g;s]sf sf/0f b'O{ dlxgf;Dd dlGqkl/ifb\n] k"[0f{tf kfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . dª\unaf/ a;]sf] dfcf]jfbL :yfoL ;ldlt a}7s klg lagflgisif{ 6'ª\luPsf] 5 . dhb'/ ;ª\u7gsf] ljjfb g} ldnfpg g;s]kl5 dGqLx¿sf] gfd 5gf]6 ug]{ ljifod} k|j]z gu/L a}7s 6'ª\luPsf] lyof] .

u7aGwg ;/sf/sf cGo bnx¿ g]skf -Pdfn]_, g]skf -;+o'Qm_, g]skf -dfn]_, g]skf -dfn]_ ;dfhjfbLnufotn] nueu dGqLsf] gfd 6'ª\UofP klg dfcf]jfbLn] cem} lg0f{o ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g . emG8} cfwf bh{g a}7s a;]/ ;/sf/ u7g ePsf] 7Ls Ps dlxgfkl5 rf/ dGqL 5gf]6 u/]sf] dfcf]jfbLn] af“sL dGqLdf tLg u'6aLr efuaG8f ldNg g;Sbf 6'ª\uf] nufpg ;s]sf] 5}g . cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnlgjf; gof“ahf/, kf6L{ sfof{no k]l/;8f“8f x'“b} l;Gw'kfNrf]ssf] ;'s'6];Dd k'Ubf af“sL dGqLsf gfd 6'ª\Uofpg bh{gf}“ a}7s al;;s]sf 5g\ . t/, tL ;a} a}7s kf“r bh{geGbf nfdf] cfsfª\IfLx¿sf] ;"rLaf6 af“sL ;ft hgfsf] gfd 5gf]6 ug{ c;kmn x'“b} cfPsf] 5 .

dfcf]jfbLdf tLg wf/df ljeflht kf6L{df cf–cfkm\g} wf/sf ;"rL ePsfn] To;nfO{ Joj:yfkg ug{ d'l:sn ePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . af“sL dGqL 6'ª\Uofpgs} nflu PsfGt jftfj/0f vf]Hb} zlgaf/ ;'s'6] k'u]sf dfcf]jfbL g]tf cfOtaf/ s'g} lgisif{ glgsfnL kmls{Psf lyP . ptfaf6 kms{gf;fy ;f]daf/ k|wfgdGqL vgfn / dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfnaLr km]l/ klg b'O{ lbgleq dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ ug]{ ;xdlt ePsf] lyof] . e]6df dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfnn] k|wfgdGqL vgfnnfO{ cfkm\gf] kf6L{af6 ;xefuL x'g] dGqLsf] gfd dª\unaf/ a]n'sL;Dd lbg];d]t atfpg'ePsf] afn'jf6f/ ;|f]tn] atfof] .

;f]xL ;xdlt cg'¿k lxhf] gfd 6'ª\Uofpgs} nflu bfxfnn] cfkm\g} lgjf;df kbflwsf/L a}7s 8fs]sf lyP . t/, Tof] a}7sdf klg pkfWoIfåo df]xg j}B / 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] klxn] dhb'/sf] ljjfb 6'ª\Uofpg'kg]{ s'/f p7fPkl5 dGqLsf] gfd 5gf]6 cf]em]ndf k/]sf] atfOG5 . oBlk, u7aGwg ;/sf/sf k|d'v tLg} bn Pdfn], dfcf]jfbL / kmf]/dn] kf6L{leqsf zLif{ g]tf;“u k/fdz{ u/L dGqLsf] gfd 6'ª\Uofpg] lhDdf cWoIfx¿nfO{ lbPsf] x'gfn] s]xL lbgleq} dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ x'g] ;Defjgf alnof] ePsf] atfOG5 .

!! dGqfno kfPsf] dfcf]jfbLaf6 dGqLsf] gfd gcfPkl5 ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ul//x]sf] g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] klg cfkm\gf] kf6L{sf tkm{af6 yk dGqLsf] gfddf cf}krfl/s ¿kdf lg0f{o u/]sf] 5}g . cfOtaf/ ;f“em a;]sf] :yfoL sld6L a}7sdf ;Defljt dGqL tyf /fHodGqLsf af/]df klxnf] k6s 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . cWoIf Pjd\ k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnnufotsf zLif{ g]tfn] ljleGg If]qnufotsf] ;Gt'ng x]/L s]xL gfd k|:t't ug'{ePsf] atfOG5 . tL gfddf clGtd lg0f{o geP klg a}7sn] kf6L{sf zLif{ g]tf;“u ;dGjo u/L gfd 6'ª\Uofpg] lhDd]jf/L cWoIf vgfnnfO{ lbPsf] 5 .

a'lemPcg';f/, cf7 j6f dGqfno kfPsf] Pdfn]n] cWoIf vgfnn] k|:tfj u/]cg'¿k dGqL aGg] af“sL kf“r hgfsf] gfd 6'ª\Uofpg]5 . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …cfOtaf/ a}7sdf cWoIfn] k|:tfj u/]s} gfdn] clGtd ¿k kfpg] ;Defjgf 5 .Ú To;f] ePdf Pdfn]af6 efg'eQm hf]zL -aemfª_, /3'jL/ dxf;]7 -wg'iff_, g/]z v/]n -emfkf_, pld{nf cof{n -k;f{_ / uf]s0f{/fh lji6 -u'NdL_, dx]Gb| kf08] -g'jfsf]6_, vu/fh clwsf/L -sf:sL_ dWo]af6 dGqL aGg'x'g]5 . e"uf]n, hftLotf, Tofu Pjd\ lgi7fsf cfwf/df tL gfd cufl8 NofOPsf] atfOG5 . t/, o; ;DaGwdf c¿ g]tfx¿;“u k/fdz{ u/L cWoIf vgfnn] lg0f{o ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 .

ptf, u7aGwgnfO{ ;3fPsf] t];|f] 7"nf] bn dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/ddf eg] dGqL x'g] gfddf ljjfb eP klg dGqfnosf] ;ª\Vof / dof{bfqmd 6'ª\lug af“sL /x]sf] kmf]/d g]tf df]xDdb Ol:tofs /fO{n] atfP . dfcf]jfbLdf ePsf] l9nfOs} sf/0f kmf]/dn] gfd gk7fPsf] / Tof] ;donfO{ …afu]{lgªÚ df k|of]u ul//x]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . kmf]/dn] tLg j6f dGqfno kfpg] a'lemPsf] 5 . kmf]/daf6 cWoIf pk]Gb| ofbj, /]0f' ofbj / df]xDdb Ol:tofs /fO{ dGqL x'g] nueu lglZrt ePsf] atfOG5 . t/, cWoIf ofbjn] eg] rf/ j6f dGqfno kfpg'kg]{ dfu ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ .

c¿ ;fgf bnn] eg] Ps dlxgfcl3 g} cfkm\gf bnaf6 k7fpg] dGqLsf gfd 6'ª\UofO;s]sf 5g\ . g]skf -;+o'Qm_ af6 ;'lgn dfgGw/, g]skf -dfn]_ af6 vu]Gb| k|;fO{+, g]skf -dfn]_ ;dfhjfbLaf6 hutaxfb'/ af]u6L / xfn} 6'lqmPsf] csf]{ dfn] -;dfhjfbL_ af6 ob'j+z emf dGqL aGg] kSsf 5 .

clxn] dfcf]jfbLsf] efudf k/]sf !! dGqfno ;/sf/df ;xefuL rf/ dGqLnfO{ af“l8Psf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLsf] efudf ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/, ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0f, ko{6g tyf gful/s p8\8og, zflGt tyf k'gMlgdf{0f, o'jf v]ns'b, dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf, sfg'g tyf Gofo / :jf:Yo tyf hg;+Vof 5g\ eg] Pdfn]sf efudf u[x, /Iff, lzIff, ;fdfGo k|zf;g, jg tyf e";+/If0f, pmhf{, cy{ / :yfgLo ljsf; 5g\ . kmf]/dnfO{ k//fi6«, s[lif tyf ;xsf/L / pBf]u dGqfno lbg] tof/L ePsf] 5 eg] jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{, l;“rfO, ;+:s[lt, jftfj/0f, lj1fg tyf k|ljlwh:tf ;fgf dGqfno ;fgf bnnfO{ lbg] tof/L eO/x]sf] 5 .


cy{dGqLdfly k|xf/ lsg <

sf7df8f}“ . cy{;lrj /fd]Zj/ vgfnn] :j]R5fn] lbPsf] /fhLgfdfdfly tLj| /fhgLlts/0f ug{ k|d'v k|ltkIfL g]kfnL sfª\u]|; sDd/ s;]/ nfu]sf] 5 . o;df ;f] kf6L{ / pmlgs6 sd{rf/L ;ª\u7gn] cleofg g} rnfP klg vgfn :jod\n] ;d]t To;sf] lj/f]w u/]kl5 p;}sf nflu k|To'Tkfbs b]lvPsf] 5 .

jt{dfg ;Qf u7aGwgnfO{ g?rfPsf sfª\u]|;nufotsf zlQmx¿n] o; k|s/0fnfO{ xltof/ agfP/ pkk|wfgdGqL tyf cy{dGqL e/tdf]xg clwsf/Ldfly k|xf/ ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ . ;fy}, pgLx¿ oxL k|s/0faf6 ;/sf/k|lt ljt[i0ff hfu[t ug{ ;lsG5 ls eg]/ nfluk/]sf 5g\ . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …gq cy{dGqLn] hjfkm lbg vf]Hbf gdfg]/ ;+;b\df k|wfgdGqL g} rflxG5 eGg'sf] c¿ s'g} sf/0f 5}g .Ú ljutdf cfkm\gf tTsfnLg cy{dGqL /fdz/0f dxtn] ljb]zL vftfdf /sd hDdf u/]sf] ;k|df0f Pdfn]n] ;fj{hlgs u/]kl5 /fhLgfdf lbg afWo ePsf] abnf lng sfª\u|];n] vf]lh/x]sf] b]lvPsf] 5 .

cy{;lrj vgfn :jod\n] k"/s ah]6sf af/]df dfq} cfkm\gf] dtleGgtf /x]sf] hgfp“b} /fhLgfdf lbPsfn] /fhgLlts ljifo gagfpg cfu|x ubf{ klg sfª\u]|;sf] lrQ a'em]sf] 5}g . ;/sf/ lj:tf/sf] r/0fdf d'n'ssf] /fhgLlt cufl8 al9/x]sf a]nf k|ltkIfL sfª\u]|;, cGo lhDd]jf/ JolQm tyf s]xL ;+:yfx¿ o;nfO{ c;dfGo 9ª\un] prfNg ;lqmo /xg'nfO{ cy{k"0f{ ¿kdf x]l/Psf] 5 . s'g} g s'g} axfgfdf kl/l:yltnfO{ e8\sfpg] / ;/sf/ lj:tf/ x'gdf cj/f]w l;h{gf ug]{u/L of] k|s/0f cl3 a9fpg vf]lhPsf] 5 .

ckTofl/nf] 9ª\un] p5flnPsf] /fhLgfdf k|s/0fnfO{ cy{dGqL clwsf/L;“u hf]8]/ ablgotk"0f{ 9ª\un] k|rf/ ul/Psf]df pxf“n] cfklQ hgfp“b} cfpg'ePsf] 5 . gSsnL Eof6 lan, sd{rf/L ;?jf, o'lg6Lsf] d'2f lkmtf{ tyf k"/s ah]6 Nofpg bafa lbPsf] eGg] s'/f ;fj{hlgs ePsf] lyof] . t/, ;doqmddf tL ljifox¿ :jtM :ki6 x'“b} uPsf 5g\, h'g s'/f cy{;lrj vgfnn] v'nf;f ug'{ePsf] 5 .

vgfnn] …cy{dGqLnfO{ cgfjZos nfG5gf nufpg' x'“b}gÚ eGb} Ps jif{cl3 g} /fhLgfdf lbg] …d'8Ú agfPsf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . …of] ljGb'df cfP/ lj:kmf]6 eP klg Ps jif{cufj} /fhLgfdf lbg] ;f]r agfPsf] lyP“Ú– pxf“n] eGg'ePsf] 5 . cy{dGqL clwsf/Ln] cfkm"nfO{ s'g} klg cg'lrt bafa glbPsf] eGb} vgfnn] k"/s ah]6 Nofpg] ;jfndf eg] s]xL dte]b ePsf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . t/, ah]6 dte]bsf] sf/0fn] g} /fhLgfdf glbPsf] pxf“n] :ki6 kfl/;Sg'ePsf] 5 .

ah]6df dte]b x'g'nfO{ klg Tolt c;fdfGo ¿kdf lnOPsf] 5}g . /fdz/0f dxtx¿sf] cfly{s ;f]rsf k|jQmf vgfn / ;dfhjfb pGd'v ;f]r /fVg'x'g] cy{dGqL clwsf/Lsf aLrdf oL ljifodf dte]b x'g'nfO{ c:jfefljs dfGg ;ls“b}g . t/, c:jfefljs k|rf/n] csf]{ k|Zg klg v8f u/]sf] 5– dGqLsf] ;f]r cg';f/ ;lrj rNg] ls ;lrjsf] ;f]r cg';f/ dGqL rNg] < cyf{t\ s's'/n] k'R5/ xNnfpg] ls k'R5/n] s's'/ xNnfpg] < jfdkGyL u7aGwgsf] jt{dfg ;/sf/n] pbf/jfbL cy{Joj:yf elgg] ul/alj/f]wL cfly{s ;f]rnfO{ cª\uLsf/ u/]/ vgfnsf] …c8fgÚ nfO{ :jLsf/ ug{ ;SYof] < s] To;f] ug{ ldN5 < o; k|Zgdf eg] ax; ePsf] b]lv“b}g .

skf]nslNkt / dgf]ut s'/fsf cfwf/df g]kfnL sfª\u]|;n] ;+;b\ g} :ylut u/]sf] lyof] . /fhLgfdf lbg]÷glbg] JolQm :jod\sf] clwsf/sf] s'/f xf] . t/, sfª\u]|;n] cfkm" ;Qfdf k'Ug gkfPsf] emf]sdf cGwsf/df tL/ rnfP/ kmn k|fKt ug]{ dg;fosf ;fy o; k|s/0fnfO{ prfn]sf] b]lvPsf] 5 . ;fdfGo dof{bf;d]t g/fvL Joj:yflksf–;+;b\ / l;+xb/af/sf sd{rf/LnfO{ sfª\u]|;n] cfGbf]ng ug{ pS;fPsf] lyof] . t/, laxLaf/ g} /fh:j ;lrj, /fh:j cg';Gwfg ljefusf dxflgb]{zs, cfGtl/s /fh:j ljefusf dxflgb]{zs;lxt kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/]/ pkl:yt cy{dGqLn] jf:tljstf atfPkl5 klg sfª\u]|;n] oyfy{ :jLsf/ ug{ ;s]g .

k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnn] ;f]daf/ ljz]if ;do lnP/ ;+;b\df af]Nb} cy{;lrjsf] :j]lR5s /fhLgfdfsf] ljifonfO{ /fhgLlts ax; / bfpk]rsf] ljifo gagfpg cfu|x ug'{ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] jf:tljstfljk/Lt gSsnL Eof6 lan / ah]6h:tf s'/f;“u cy{;lrjsf] /fhLgfdf hf]8]/ clt/~hgf gdRrfpg cg'/f]w ug'{ePsf] 5 .

ljutdf d'n's 6f6 kN6fpg], sd{rf/L k|zf;g tx;–gx; agfpg] / hgtfnfO{ dsf{ kf/]/ Jofkf/LnfO{ kf]:g] sfdnfO{ a]/f]s6f]s cl3 a9fPsf] sfª\u]|;n] clxn] gSsnL Eof6 lan k|s/0fdf …uf]xLsf cf“;'Ú r'xfpg'nfO{ cfZro{sf ¿kdf x]l/Psf] 5 . clxn];Dd kf“r k6s dGqL x'“bf s'g} ljjfbdf gkg'{ePsf cy{dGqL clwsf/LnfO{ /fd]Zj/ gfds nf}/f]n] s'6\g vf]h]kl5 pxf“n] klg hd]/ k|ltjfb ug'{ePsf] 5, h;af6 sfª\u]|; kl5 x6\g afWo x'g] lglZrt 5 . gf}dlxg] ;/sf/sf a]nf nf]slk|o ah]6 NofPsf clwsf/Ln] ca ah]6 Nofp“bf klg cfkm\gf] ToxL ljz]iftf k|s6 ug]{ s'/f a'em]sf] sfª\u]|; ToxL eP/ cQflnPsf] b]lvPsf] 5 . ah]6df s'g} g s'g} gof“ ;f]r / sfo{qmd xfn]/ ;Demgfof]Uo agfpg dflx/ cy{dGqL clwsf/LnfO{ To;af6 jl~rt u/fpgsf nflu g} of] v]n eO/x]sf] atfOG5 .

Pdfn]sf Ps g]tfn] a'waf/;“u eGg'eof]– …clxn] sfª\u|];n] e/tdf]xg sd/]8dfly u/]sf] cfqmd0f JolQmut dfq xf]Og, of] l;ª\uf] ;/sf/ / xfd|f] ;f]rdflysf] cfqmd0f xf] . xfdLn] o;nfO{ uDeL/ ¿kdf lnPsf 5f}“ .Ú pgsf cg';f/, of] ljrf/sf] n8fO“, ju{x¿aLrsf] 6Ss/ / ;f]rx¿aLrsf] åGå xf] . …xfdL s'g} sd{rf/Ln] cl3 ;f/]sf] ;f]r cg';f/ lx“8\g ;Sb}gf}“ . lxhf] gf}dlxg] sfndf klg cj/f]w gcfPsf xf]Ogg\ . sfª\u|];n] xfdLdfly ufp“df /sd k7fp“bf /fli6«o 9's'6L af“8]sf] cf/f]k gnufPsf] xf]Og . clxn] klg To:t} k|rf/ ug{ vf]lhPsf] 5 . t/, xfdLn] lxhf] cfnf]rgf ;x]/ klg slt ;xL sfd u/]sf lyof}“ eGg] s'/f ;doqmddf k'li6 ePsf] 5 . clxn] klg xfdL ;xL 5f}“ / gof“ ah]6dfkm{t hgtfsf cfsfª\Iffx¿nfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{sf nflu h:tf;'s} r'gf}tLx¿ ;fdgf ug{ tof/ 5f}“ .Ú


lsg vNalnof] zflGt–;'/Iff <

pHHjn kxf8L

g]skf -Pdfn]_ g]t[Tjdf gof“ ;/sf/ u7g x'gf;fy b]zsf] ;'/Iff Joj:yf vnalnPsf] 5 . /fhwfgLdf h]nleq} s}bLdfly uf]nL k|xf/b]lv t/fO{sf ljleGg lhNnfdf ;fj{hlgs ;jf/L;fwgdfly ad lj:kmf]6;Ddsf z[ª\vnfa4 36gf ePsf 5g\ . ck|Tofl;t ¿kdf a9]sf oL cfk/flws 36gfsf z[ª\vnfnfO{ oxf“sf] abln“bf] /fhgLlts kl/l:ylt / blIf0fL l5d]sL;“u hf]8]/ x]g{ yflnPsf] 5 .

Joj:yflksf–;+;b\af6 ut df3 @) ut] emngfy vgfn k|wfgdGqL lgjf{lrt ePkl5 dfcf]jfbLn] …ef/tnfO{ b]vfOlbof}“Ú eGg] cy{df hah{:t lrq0f ug{ vf]Hof] . To;kl5 s]xL dw];jfbL bnsf g]tf ef/t e|d0fdf uP . pgLx¿ kms{gf;fy ck/fwsf 36gf z[ª\vnfa4 ¿kdf b]lvP . o;/L hf]l8Psf] of] 36gf z[ª\vnfnfO{ ;+of]u dfq dfGg :jod\ ;'/Iff clwsf/L tof/ 5}gg\ . ck/fwsf] /fhgLlts/0f ;“u;“u} x's]{sf] /fhgLltsf] ck/fwLs/0fsf cy{df klg oL 36gf k|j[lQx¿nfO{ x]g{ yflnPsf] 5 .

ef/t–kfls:tfgaLrsf] n8fO“df ;d]t g]kfnsf] e"ld k|of]u eof], h;nfO{ oxf“sf] sdhf]/ /fHo Joj:yf;“u hf]8]/ ;/sf/sf] cfnf]rgf ug]{ sfObfsf ¿kdf k|of]u ul/of] . h]nleq} ut kmfu'g @^ ut] ePsf] o'g'; cG;f/Ldflysf] uf]nL k|xf/ ef/t–kfls:tfgaLrsf] 6s/fj xf] eGg] lgisif{df :jod\ k|x/L cg';Gwfg 6f]nL k'lu;s]sf] 5 . oBlk, sf/fuf/ k|zf;gsf] Joj:yfksLo sdhf]/L cjZo klg dfkmL lbgnfos kIf xf]Og . t/, k|wfgdGqL lgjf{lrt eP/ ;/sf/sf] lj:tf/ gub}{ of] k|s/0fdf /fhgLlts/0f ;'? eof] . u[x dGqfnosf] ljefuLo lhDd]jf/L :jod\ k|wfgdGqL;“u ePsfn] pxf“sf] /fhLgfdf dfUg];Dd sfd o;aLrdf ePsf] 5 .

…ef/tnfO{ b]vfOlbof}“Ú eGg] dfcf]jfbLsf] pQ]hgfTds Jojxf/sf] hjfkm lbgsf nflu ljutsf] s"6gLlts wd{ la;]{/ ef/tLo /fhb"t /fs]z ;'b k|wfgdGqLsf] zkyu|x0f ;df/f]xd} uPgg\ . /, ;'bn] klg …b]vfOlbP“Ú eGg]] hjfkmL cxd\ k|bz{g u/] . Pdfn]–dfcf]jfbL u7aGwgk|lt ljdlt /fVb} cfPsf dw];jfbL bnsf g]tf dxGy 7fs'/, ljhos'df/ uR5bf/ / pk]Gb| ofbjn] kmfu'gsf] klxnf] ;ftf ef/t e|d0f ;s]/ r}t cf7 ut] g]kfn kmls{Pkl5 nuftf/ t/fO{df ad lj:kmf]6sf z[ª\vnfx¿ ;'? eP . g]kfnsf] t/fO{sf] e"ld k|of]u u/]/ /fhgLlts hfn km\of“Sg] ef/tsf] ljutsf] k/Dk/fn] o; k6s klg p;nfO{ oL 36gfdf hf]8]/ gNofO/xg ;s]g . oBlk, o;leqsf] tYo s] xf] eGg] s'/f phfu/ cem} eO;s]sf] 5}g .

r}t !! ut] /f}tx6sf] uf}/af6 rGb|lgufxk'/tkm{ hf“b} u/]sf] af@v %&@! gDa/sf] a;df ad lj:kmf]6 eof] . !# hgf ;j{;fwf/0f 3fOt] eP . Ps lbg glaTb} To:t} k|s[ltsf] 36gf g]kfnu~hdf eof] . g]kfnu~haf6 sf]xnk'/ hf“b} u/]sf] a;df lj:kmf]6 x'“bf 5 hgf ;j{;fwf/0f 3fOt] eP . ToxL lbg g]kfnu~hs} ;ft ;fj{hlgs 7fp“df ad lj:kmf]6 ul/P . r}t !# ut] e}/xjfaf6 a'6jn cfp“b} u/]sf] dfOqmf]]a;df lj:kmf]6 ul/of] . @# hgf ;j{;fwf/0f 3fOt] eP . ljz]ifu/L t/fO{s]lGb|t Ps} k|s[ltsf oL 36gfnfO{ g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf ef/tLo rnv]nsf ¿kdf cfzª\sf ul/Psf] 5 . ef/tn] g} hGdfPsf elgPsf t/fO{sf bnx¿n] oL uDeL/ 36gfk|lt df}gtf ;f“Wg'n] klg To:tf] cfzª\sfnfO{ alnof] agfPsf] xf] . t/fO{df z[ª\vnfa4 9ª\un] cfk/flws 36gf eO/x]sf a]nf /fhwfgL sf7df8f}“df klg s]xL To:t} 36gf b]vfk/] . r}t ( ut] 6]s'l:yt l;k|bL 6]«l8ªsf sd{rf/L k|]ds[i0f dxh{gsf] c1ft ;d"xn] uf]nL xfgL xTof u/] .

pkTosfdf r':t

pkTosfdf ePsf] 36gfnfO{ 7"nf] ljifo agfP/ /fhgLlts/0f ug]{ k|of; eof] . Ps k|x/L clws[tn] eg]– …lbgx'“ a9\bf] hg;ª\Vofsf] rfkleq s]xL 36gf x'g' c:jfefljs xf]Og . t/, ;'/Iff cj:yf alnof] x'“b} uPsf] 5 .Ú oxL ljifonfO{ lnP/ pkTosf k|x/L k|d'v ch'{ghª\u zfxLnfO{ k|x/L dxflg/LIfs /d]zrGb 7s'/Ln] ut zlgaf/ @$ 3G6] clN6d]6d lb“b} k|:6Ls/0f dfu]sf lyP . lsg ;'/Iff cj:yf v:s“b} uPsf] 5 eGg] pgsf] k|:6Ls/0f cfkm}“df k|x/L ;ª\u7gsf] dgf]an 36fpg] z}nLsf] /x]sf] Ps clws[tn] u'gf;f] u/] .

…lxhf] oxL pkTosfdf lbgbxf8} hldd zfxsf] xTof x'“bf / 8LP;kL bLlnk rf}w/Lsf] emG8} Hofg hf“bf klg k|:6Ls/0f cfjZos g7flgg', t/ clxn] ;fgf] 36gfdf klg To;sf] cfjZostf dx;'; ug'{sf] kl5 s'g} /fhgLlts v]n 3';]sf] x'g;S5Ú– g]kfn k|x/Lsf clwsf/Ln] eg] . To;f] t :jod\ zfxLn] eg] k|:6Ls/0f eg]sf] lgoldt k|lqmofleq /x]/ ul/g] sfd ePsf] / cfkm"n] To;sf] hjfkm klg lbO;s]sf] atfP . o;af6 k|x/L g]t[Tjdfly ;'/Iff ;'wf/sf nflu bafa kl//x]sf] a'em\g ;lsG5 .

;'/Iff s8f

z[ª\vnfa4 ¿kdf cfk/flws 36gf x'g yfn]kl5 k|x/Ln] /fhwfgLsf] ;'/Iff cj:yf s8f kf/]sf] 5 . pkTosf k|d'v zfxLn] eg]– …oxf“sf cfk/flws 36gfk|lt xfdL rflx“ ;+j]bgzLn 5}gf}“ / † To;}sf lglDt t hflu/ vfPsf 5f}“ .Ú clxn] pkTosf l5g]{ k|d'v gfsfx¿sf] r]shf“r s8f kfl/Psf] / /flq u:tL klg a9fOPsf] zfxLn] atfP . gfsf r]shf“rdf tflnd k|fKt s's'/x¿sf] k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 . s]xL lbgcl3 dfq yfgsf]6 gfsfdf $) yfg l86f]g]6/ a/fdb ul/Psf] lyof] .

zfxLsf cg';f/, kmlk{ª, d'8\v', eLd9'ª\uf, gfu9'ª\ufnufotsf gfsfdf r]shf“r s8f kfl/Psf] 5 eg] pkTosfsf tLg} lhNnfdf ;jf/L;fwgdfly ljz]if rs]hf“r ug'{sf ;fy} df]6/;fOsn tyf ;fOsn u:tL klg a9fOPsf] 5 . To:t}, sf/fuf/leqsf] sdhf]/ ;'/Iff Joj:yfnfO{ s8f kfg{ ut z'qmaf/ s]Gb|Lo sf/fuf/nufot pkTosfsf tLgj6} sf/fuf/df vl6Psf sl/a tLg ;o k|x/LnfO{ x]/km]/ ul/Psf] 5 .

k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] ;DalGwt ;'/Iff lgsfonfO{ cfkm\gf] lhDd]jf/L s8fOsf ;fy kfngf ug{ af/Daf/ lgb]{zg lbg'ePsf] 5 . ;'/Iff Joj:yf vl:s/x]sf] a]nf k|x/L g]t[TjnfO{ sdhf]/ kfg]{ u/L s]xL k|x/L clws[tx? g} dxflg/LIfs /d]z rGb 7s'/Lsf lj?4 nlaª\df nfu]sf] atfOG5 . clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]un] :jtGqtfk"j{s 5fglag ug'{, aofg lng' jf d'2f btf{ ug'{ cnUu} k|lqmof eP klg oxL cj;/df kf/]/ /fhgLlts g]tfx?sf] b}nf] rfxb}{ cltl/Qm dxflg/LIfsx? bf}8df ;fd]n x'g'n] k|x/Ldf /x]sf] ;d:of phfu/ u/]sf] Ps clws[t atfp“5g\ .


cgGtåf/f kf6L{ 5f8\g ;'emfj

sf7df8f}“ . PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_leq pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{nfO{ …k'k'{/f] g} ufnL vfg]Ú g]tfsf ¿kdf lrq0f ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . l;Gw'kfNrf]ssf] ;'s'6]df ePsf] lgisif{xLg b'O{lbg] :yfoL sld6Lsf] a}7sdf klg cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn / pkfWoIf df]xg j}B kIfw/åf/f e§/fO{dfly ufnLunf}h yf]kg]{ dfq sfd ePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 .

s]xL lbgb]lv cWoIf bfxfnn] g} …e§/fO{n] kf6L{ km'6fpg nfu]sf]Ú xNnf lkm“hfPsf lyP . ut ;ftf cfkm"nfO{ e]6\g gof“ ahf/ cfPsf g]tfx¿;“u …e§/fO{n] kf6L{ km'6fpg nfu]sf]Ú cfzª\sf cWoIf bfxfnn] JoQm u/]sf lyP . ;'s'6] a}7sdf Tof] cfzª\sf lsg ul/of] eGb} e§/fO{n] hjfkm dfUbf pN6} ufnL vfg'k/]sf] a}7s ;|f]tn] atfof] . a}7sdf bfxfn / j}B kIfw/ ldn]/ e§/fO{dfly k|xf/ u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 .

b'O{kIfaLr kf6L{ ljefhg af/]sf] ljjfb r'ln“b} uPkl5 bfxfnlgs6 :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o jif{dfg k'gn] …tkfO{+sf] o:t} kf/f xf] eg] kf6L{df ga;] x'G5Ú eg]sf lyP . k'gsf] o:tf] hjfkm kfPkl5 e§/fO{ klg hª\luPsf lyP . a}7s ;|f]tn] eGof]– …tkfO{+eGbf @) jif{cl3 of] kf6L{df nfu]sf] x'“ . dnfO{ kf6L{ 5f8\ eGg] tkfO{+ sf] xf] < eGb} e§/fO{ k'gdfly vlgPkl5 a}7sdf egfeg eO{ jftfj/0f g} c:tJo:t eof] .Ú

jftfj/0f wldNofPkl5 l:yltnfO{ zfGt kfg{ eGb} g]tfx¿ Ph]G8f yf“tL /fv]/ hnofqfdf lgl:sPsf lyP . kf6L{ ljefhgsf] k|rf/, ;/sf/df hfg] af“sL dGqLsf] to / dhb'/ ;ª\u7gsf] ljjfb a}7ssf Ph]G8f lyP . t/, klxnf] Ph]G8fd} g]tfx¿aLr ;f}xfb|{ s'/fsfgL x'g g;s]kl5 s'g} ljifodf 7f]; lg0f{odf gk'uL a}7s ;lsPsf] lyof] . pN6} cfkm"lj?4 lgof]lht 9ª\un] z[ª\vnfa4 ¿kdf b':k|rf/ x'g] / To;af/] hjfkm dfUbf cfkm}“dfly k|xf/ x'g] eGb} e§/fO{n] cfkm"lgs6:yx¿;“u b'Mv];f] kf]Vg yfn]sf] ;|f]tn] atfo]f .

e§/fO{dfly ;'s'6] a}7sdf k'gnufotsf g]tfaf6 ePsf] s6' Jojxf/sf sf/0f klg dfcf]jfbL ljefhgsf] l8ndf k'u]sf] cg'dfg ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . dGqLsf] 6'ª\uf] nufpg] ljifosf] Ph]G8f k|:t't x'gf;fy e§/fO{ kIfw/x¿ klg cfkm\gf] ;"rL;lxt v/f] ¿kdf k|:t't ePsf lyP . cfkm"dfly Gofo dfUbfdfUb} cGofo ePsf] dx;'; u/]sf e§/fO{n] dGqLsf gfddf nkm8f lems]kl5 To;sf] lhDdf x]8Sjf6{/nfO{ lbg] lg0f{o ePsf] Ps :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:on] atfP .


kbflwsf/Lsf] l/; e|ft[ ;ª\u7gdfly

sf7df8f}“ . cf7 dlxgfb]lv kbflwsf/Lsf] dgf]gog ug{ g;s]sf g]kfnL sfª\u]|;sf ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] To;nfO{ yf“tL /fv]/ e|ft[ ;ª\u7gdf sAhf hdfpg] gof“ of]hgf agfPsf 5g\ . kf6L{sf k|d'v e|ft[ ;ª\u7g eª\u u/fP/ cfkm" cg's"nsf] g]t[Tj lgdf{0f ug{ sf]O/fnfsf] of]hgf cGtu{t g]kfn ljBfyL{ ;ª\3sf] cWoIfaf6 k|bLk kf}8]nn] /fhLgfdf lbO;s]sf 5g\ . To:t}, blnt ;ª\3sf] dxf;lrjaf6 hLjg kl/of/n] sf]O/fnfs} cfu|xdf s]xL lbgd} /fhLgfdf lbg] ePsf 5g\ . blnt ;ª\3sf cWoIf v8\uaxfb'/ ljZjsdf{ b]zaflx/ /x]sfn] dxf;lrjnfO{ /fhLgfdf u/fpg nfluPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 .

oLafx]s z]/axfb'/ b]pjf v]dfsf g]t[Tjdf /x]sf t?0f bn / cfkm\g} ;dy{s ePsf] dlxnf ;ª\3 klg lj36g u/fpg] tof/L ePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . t/, Tof] k|of; sf]O/fnfsf nflu kmnfdsf] Ro"/f rkfPh:t} sl7g x'g] atfOG5 . t?0f bnsf] cWoIfdf b]pjfsf bflxg] xft dx]Gb| ofbj cWoIf 5g\ .

;a} e|ft[ ;ª\u7g sAhf ug]{{ of]hgfadf]lhd g} g]lj;ª\3af6 k|bLk kf}8]nn] /fhLgfdf lbPsf] / blnt ;ª\3af6 klg kl/of/n] /fhLgfdf lbg nfu]sf] Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] atfP . cfufdL !& ut] x'g] s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7sdf ;efklt sf]O/fnfn] g]t[TjljxLg e|ft[ ;ª\u7gdf gof“ clwj]zgsf nflu cfof]hs sld6L agfpg] k|:tfj Nofpg] tof/L ul//x]sf] klg tL s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] atfP . …cfof]hs ;ldltsf] ;+of]hs cfkm"lgs6nfO{ agfpg] / dxflwj]zgaf6 cfkm"cg's"n g]t[Tj Nofpg] sf]O/fnfsf] rfxgf 5Ú–tL s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] eg] .

e|ft[ ;ª\u7gleqsf] ljifo xn ePkl5 dfq kbflwsf/L dgf]gogsf] k|:tfj a}7sdf n}hfg] dgl:yltdf sf]O/fnf /x]sf] atfOG5 . ljutdf kf; x'g g;s]sf] pk;efkltdf /fdrGb| kf}8]n / dxfdGqLdf s[i0fk|;fb l;6f}nfsf] gfd km]l/ klg k|:tfj ug]{ tof/L /x]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . …kf; geP klg k|:tfj n}hfg] …d'8Údf ;efklt x'g'x'G5Ú– sf]O/fnflgs6 Ps ;b:on] eg] . t/, tL gfd k|:tfj ul/P km]l/ klg kf; gx'g] atfOG5 .

sf]O/fnfs} nflu tof/L

sf]O/fnfsf] kf6L{ eg]/ pkdf le/]sf] g]kfnL sfª\u]|;nfO{ ;'zLnsf] g]t[Tjkl5 klg sf]O/fnfs} xftdf ;'Dkg] tof/L clxn]b]lv g} eO/x]sf] sfª\u]|;s} s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] atfP . To;sf nflu ;zfª\s sf]O/fnfnfO{ ;'zLnn] cufl8 ;f/]sf] pgsf] bfaL 5 . lxhf] h:tf];'s} kl/l:yltdf h;/L ;'zLnn] lul/hfk|;fbsf lglDt e"ldsf v]n]sf lyP, Tof] e"ldsf cfh ;zfª\sn] ;'zLnsf lglDt lgjf{x ul//x]sf] klg pgn] atfP . ;+:yfut 9ª\un] rNg] s'/fdf lxhf] lul/hfk|;fbsf] eGbf s]xL km/s cfP klg lgot eg] clxn] klg ljuts} h:tf] kf6L{ sAhf ug]{ g} /x]sf] atfOG5 . g]lj;ª\3sf] cWoIfaf6 kf}8]nnfO{ /fhLgfdf u/fpg klg ;zfª\ss} k|d'v e"ldsf /x]sf] tL s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] atfP .

kf}8]nn] lbP b]pjfnfO{ wf]sf

g]lj;ª\3 lj36g u/]/ e|ft[ ;ª\u7g klg cfkm"cg's"n agfpg] ;efklt sf]O/fnfsf] of]hgf yfxf kfPkl5 b]pjf ;d"x To;sf lj?4df plqPsf] lyof] . lgjf{lrt e|ft[ ;ª\u7g lj36g ug'{x'“b}g eGg] nlaª klg b]pjf ;d"xaf6 eof] . slt;Dd eg] b]pjfn] g]lj;ª\3 ;efklt kf}8]nnfO{ …9fnÚ gaGg k6sk6s cfu|x;d]t u/]sf lyP . b]pjf;“usf 5nkmndf kf}8]nn] ;ª\3 lj36g x'g glbg] / l5§} s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7s 8fSg] klg atfPsf lyP . ToxL 5nkmn cg';f/ kf6L{sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt a}7sdf klg b]pjf ;d"xn] g]lj;ª\3 lj36glj?4 s8f c8fg lnof] . t/, sf]O/fnfsf] r]k'jfdf k/]sf kf}8]nn] cs:dft /fhLgfdf lbPkl5 b]pjf ;d"xn] To;nfO{ wf]sfsf] ¿kdf lnPsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

clxNo}b]lv cWoIfsf] tof/L

g]lj;ª\3sf] clwj]zg slxn] x'g] 6'ª\uf] 5}g . cWoIfn] /fhLgfdf lbPsf] x'gfn] clwj]zg cfof]hs sld6L s:tf] / s;sf] g]t[Tjdf agfpg] eGg] k|f/lDes 5nkmn ;+:yfut 9ª\un] ePs} 5}g . t/, sf]O/fnf ;d"xn] g]lj;ª\3sf] efjL cWoIf tof/L cj:yfdf /flv;s]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . g]kfnL sfª\u]|;sf Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:osf cg';f/ ;nf{xLlt/sf bLks clwsf/LnfO{ g]lj;ª\3sf] efjL cWoIf agfpg] tof/L sf]O/fnf ;d"xn] k"/f ul/;s]sf] 5 . cfkm\gf] dfG5] eP/ dfq x'“b}g kSsf x'g'k5{ eg]/} pgnfO{ cufl8 ;fl/Psf] sf]O/fnflgs6s} tL ;b:on] atfP . pgn] eg]– …xfdLh:tf c7f/–aL; Sof/]6sf dfq eP/ k'Ub}g rf}aL; Sof/]6s} rflxG5, To;}n] clwsf/LnfO{ tof/L cj:yfdf /flvPsf] xf] .Ú ;a} e|ft[ ;ª\u7gsf] g]t[Tjdf rf}aL; Sof/]6s} z'4 cfkm\gfnfO{ Nofp“bf kf6L{sf] efjL g]t[Tj ;zfª\snfO{ ;'Dkg ;lhnf] x'g] 7x/;lxt o;f] ul/Psf] atfOG5 .


rf}w/L b'MvL

sf7df8f}“ . jif{df kf“r ca{ ?lkof“ /fh:j a'emfpg] cfkm\gf] sDkgLnfO{ s]xL s/f]8 ?lkof“sf] Eof6 5n]sf] eGb} k|rf/df NofOPsf]df rf}w/L u|'ksf cWoIf ljgf]b rf}w/Ln] cfklQ hgfpg'ePsf] 5 . cfkm"n] clxn];Dd s'g} u}/sfg'gL sfd gu/]sf] pNn]v ub}{ pxf“n] cfkm\gf] rl/qxTof ug{sf nflu To:tf] k|rf/ eO/x]sf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 .

g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf ;ef;b\;d]t /xg'ePsf pBf]uklt rf}w/Ln] cfkm\gf] gfd hf]8\g'sf k5fl8 g]skf -Pdfn]_, cy{dGqL e/tdf]xg clwsf/L / jt{dfg ;/sf/nfO{ g} cK7]/f] kfg]{ lgot n's]sf] x'g ;Sg] cfzª\sf ug'{eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …To;afx]s c¿ s'g} sf/0f 5 h:tf] dnfO{ nfUb}g . lgod–sfg'g cg';f/ a'emfpg'kg]{ s/ a'emfpg' ;a}sf] bfloTj xf] / To; bfloTjaf6 s'g} klg Joj;foL ljd'v x'g ;Sb}g .Ú To;}sf nflu P]g–lgodx¿ /x]sf] :d/0f ub}{ pxf“n] cfkm\gf] Joj;fo 7"nf] ePsf sf/0f sxL“ st} uNtL ePdf To;nfO{ cfkm";“u hf]8]/ k|rf/ ug{'sf] lgot a]Un} /x]sf] atfpg'eof] .

g]kfndf ;aeGbf

7"nf] nufgLsf] Joj;fo ul//x]sf] 3/fgf x'g'sf ;fy} cGt/f{li6«o If]qdf ;d]t nufgL ug]{ g]kfnLsf ¿kdf lrlgg'ePsf rf}w/Ldfly s'g} k|df0flagf g} gSsnL Eof6 lan k|of]u u/]sf] k|rf/ ug'{sf k5fl8 k|lt:kwL{ 3/fgfx¿sf] ;d]t xft x'g ;Sg] atfOG5 .

Pdfn]sf] ;ef;b\ ePsf sf/0f Pdfn]s} g]t[Tjdf /x]sf] ;/sf/ / o;sf cy{dGqL;“u /xg] :jfefljs ;DaGwnfO{ ;d]t c:jfefljs ¿kdf k|:t't ub}{ k|rf/ ul/Psf] 5 . clxn];Dd rf}w/L u|'k ljjfbdf gcfPsf], ;dod} s/ bflvnf ug]{, skf]{/]6 ;+:s[lt cg'¿k ;~rflnt / Jofj;flos sDkgLsf ¿kdf kl/lrt 5 . …clxn] To;}sf] ;fv lu/fpgsf nflu oL ;a} sfdx¿ eO/x]sf 5g\Ú– rf}w/Ln] eGg'eof]– …t/, oL s'g} k|rf/af6 d ljrlnt x'Gg, cfkm\gf] Joj;fonfO{ Odfgbf/Lsf ;fy cl3 a9fpg d b[9 5' .Ú

kl5Nnf] ;dodf rf}w/Ln] Pdfn];“u ;DaGw a9fPkl5 lrl9Psfx¿n] clxn] pgnfO{ gSsnL Eof6 lan sf08df d'5]/ k|rf/ ug]{ cj;/ kfPsf 5g\ . …o:tf] k|rf/df /fhgLlts sf/0fn] klg sfd u/]sf] 5Ú– pxf“sf] d"Nofª\sg 5– …;'? gx'“b} d]/f] /fhgLlts rl/q xTof ug]{ p2]Zoaf6 k|rf/–k|;f/ eO/x]sf]df dnfO{ b'Mv nfu]sf] 5 .Ú


a}zfv !$ df a}7s

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] cf7f}“ a}7s cfufdL @)^* j}zfv !$ ut] a:g] ePsf] 5 . ;f] a}7s Pdfn]sf] cfGtl/s ;fª\u7lgs dfldnfdf s]lGb|t /xg] ;lrjfno ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . a}7sdf s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf ;b:ox¿sf] sfo{If]qdf x]/km]/ ug]{ a'lemPsf] 5 . Pdfn]df dGqL ePsfx¿nfO{ kf6L{ sfdaf6 labf lbg] k|rng 5 . ;f]xL cg';f/ af“sL g]tfx¿nfO{ gof“ lhDd]jf/L tf]lsg] atfOPsf] 5 . b'O{ jif{sf] cjlwdf tf]lsPsf] lhDd]jf/L k"/f eP÷gePsf] d"Nofª\sg ub}{ af“sL ;b:ox¿sf] sfo{ljefhgdf klg km]/abn ul/g] atfOPsf] 5 .

;f]xL a}7saf6 Pdfn]n] cl3Nnf] dxflwj]zgkl5 ag]sf] /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf] a}7s cfof]hgf ug]{ tof/L ul//x]sf] 5 . To;sf] ldlt a}7sn] to ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 . s]Gb|Lo cg'zf;g cfof]un] s]Gb|Lo sld6L;dIf k|:t't u/]sf] k|ltj]bgdfly klg a}7sdf 5nkmn x'g]5 . nfdf] ;dob]lv ;f] Ph]G8f o;cl3 a}7sx¿df klg /fVg] ul/P klg 5nkmn x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . a}7s tLg lbg;Dd rNg] ;lrj 1jfnLn] atfpg'eof] .


;'/hsf] kNnfefl/

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;ª\3sf] r'gfjdf ;'/h j}Bn] g]t[Tj u/]sf] ;d"xsf] kNnfefl/ x'“b} uPsf] 5 . ;f]daf/ ePsf] pDd]bjf/L btf{af6 pgsf] ;d"x alnof] aGb} uPsf] b]lvPsf] 5 . tLga;]{ sfo{sfnsf nflu oxL r}t @( ut] dxf;ª\3 sfo{;ldltsf] r'gfj x'“b}5 . j}B / cfhfb >]i7n] Kofgn;lxt dgf]gog btf{ u/fPsf 5g\ . pDd]bjf/L btf{;“u} j}Bn] g]t[Tj u/]sf] ;d"xaf6 s]xL c~rn k|ltlglwx¿ lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ . clwsf+z c~rn j}B Kofgnsf] kIfdf v'n]kl5 dxf;ª\3sf] efjL g]t[Tj pgs} xftdf hfg] 5gs b]lvPsf] 5 .

kl5Nnf] cf“s8f cg';f/, d]rL, dxfsfnL, s0ff{nL / e]/L c~rn j}Bsf] kIfdf :ki6 v'n]sf 5g\ . To:t} sf];L, ;u/dfyf / gf/fo0fLdf j}B Kofgn () k|ltzt / >]i7sf] cj:yf !) k|ltzt /x]sf] bfaL ul/Psf] 5 . To:t}, n'lDagLdf ;'/hnfO{ ^) / cfhfbnfO{ $) k|ltzt dt cfpg] / u08sLdf a/fa/L x'g] ;f] ;d"xsf] egfO 5 . afudtLdf dfq} cfhfb alnof] b]lvPsf] Ps Joj;foLn] atfP . ;]tL / /fKtLdf j}B Kofgn w]/} cl3 /x]sf] pgn] atfP .

sfª\u]|; ;ef;b\ lbjfs/ uf]N5fsf] cu'jfOdf d}bfgdf plqPsf] cfhfb ;d"x cfkm\g} u[xIf]q u08sLdf ;d]t sdhf]/ b]lvPsf] 5 . jt{dfg cWoIf s'zs'df/ hf]zLn] pgsf] ;dy{g ug{ k'u] klg r'gfjL glthf eg] pgn] ;f]r]h:tf] gx'g] ePsf] 5 . k"j{cWoIf r08L 9sfnsf] cu'jfOdf d}bfgdf cfPsf] a}B ;d"xaf6} d]rLdf s]zj kf08] lglj{/f]w tyf dxfsfnLaf6 jl/i7 pkfWoIfsf pDd]bjf/ efis//fh /fhsl0f{sf/ lglj{/f]w eP/ cfPsf 5g\ . /fhsl0f{sf/sf] lglj{/f]w ljhon] jl/i7 pkfWoIfdf pgsf] l;6 ;'/lIft eO;s]sf] 5 . ;~rf/ pBdL /fhsl0f{sf/ k|efjzfnL / nf]slk|o JolQmsf ?kdf lrlgG5g\ .

gf/fo0fLaf6 dbgdf]xg hf]zL, n'lDagLaf6 e"if0f/fh /fhnj6, wjnflul/af6 xf]dgf/fo0f >]i7 / u08sLaf6 rf]kgf/fo0f >]i7 dxf;ª\3sf] sfo{sfl/0fL ;ldltdf lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ . pgLx¿ j}B kIfw/ x'g\ . dxf;ª\3sf] lgjf{rgdf lhNnfkl5 bf];|f] dxŒjk"0f{ x}l;ot /fVg] P;f]l;P6af6 ^) k|ltzt ;'/h / $) k|ltzt dt cfhfb kIfdf ePsf] j}B ;d"xsf] bfaL 5 . o;}u/L j:t'utaf6 &) k|ltzt k|ltlglw j}B kIfdf v'n]/ nfu]sf] atfOG5 . j}B ;d"xn] hftLo, If]qLo / lnª\uLo ¿kdf ;Gt'ng ldnfP/ pDd]bjf/ p7fPsfn] ;f] ;d"xsf] lj/f]w ug]{ 7fp“ gePsf] Ps Joj;foLn] atfP .

j}B ;d"xdf lhNnftkm{sf] pkfWoIfdf klxnf] k6s dlxnf kbflwsf/Lsf ¿kdf ejfgL /0ffnfO{ cl3 ;fl/Psf] 5 . To;}u/L j:t'ut lgof{t Jofkf/df gfd sdfPsf Joj;foL ls/0f ;fvM pDd]bjf/ ag]sf 5g\ eg] P;f]l;P6af6 df/jf8L ;d'bfosf] k|ltlglwTj ub}{ o'jf Joj;foL kz'klt d'/f/sf pDd]bjf/ ag]sf 5g\ . ptf, cfhfbsf] l6ddf eg] lhNnftkm{ lg/s s];L, j:t'uttkm{ k|bLkhª\u kf08] / P;f]l;P6tkm{ k|bLkdfg j}B pkfWoIfsf] pDd]bjf/ 5g\ . jl/i7 pkfWoIfsf nflu s[i0fk|;fb tfd|fsf/nfO{ cl3 ;fl/Psf] ;f] l6ddf dlxnf / df/jf8L ;d'bfosf] k|ltlglwTj gePsf] eGb} cfhfb kIfsf Joj;foLx¿ klg j}B ;d"xtkm{ cfslif{t ePsf] atfOG5 . 7"nf / rlr{t Jofkfl/s 3/fgfsf] ;dy{g klg j}B ;d"xlt/ ePsf] / dxf;ª\3sf k"j{cWoIfx¿n] klg j}B g]t[Tjsf] l6dnfO{ ;xof]u ug]{ jrg lbPsfn] pgnfO{ ;lhnf] ePsf] atfOG5 .

r]Da/df a:g]t

ptf, g]kfn r]Da/ ckm sd;{sf] cWoIfdf ;'/]z a:g]t lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ . lxhf] ;DkGg lgjf{rgkl5 pgL cWoIf ePsf x'g\ . ;'/]Gb|jL/ dfnfsf/sf] afx'No /x]sf] r]Da/df ljwfgn] k'gM cWoIf aGg gldNg] ePkl5 a:g]tsf] af6f] v'n]sf] xf] . pgL o;cl3 jl/i7 pkfWoIf lyP . r]Da/sf] %*cf}“ jflif{s ;fwf/0f;efsf] ;f]daf/ k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnn] pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


pwf/f] of]hgf af“8\b} afa'/fd

sf7df8f}“ . kf6L{leq}af6 hah{:tL lsgf/fdf ws]lnO/x]sf dfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ lhNnfdf k'Ubf eg] ;8ssf pwf/f] of]hgf af“8\g yfn]sf 5g\ . cfkm\g} v]dfsf 6f]kaxfb'/ /fodfemL ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0fdGqL ePsfn] cfkm"n] of]hgf kfl/lbg] e§/fO{n] cfZjf;g lbg] u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 .

b'O{ ;ftfcl3 ;a} lhNnf bf}8fxf ;Sg] eGb} bfr'{nf / a}t8Lsf] e|d0fdf lg:s]sf e§/fO{n] bfr'{nfjf;Ldfem ;8s of]hgf kfl/lbg] pwf/f] cfZjf;g lbPsf lyP . bfr'{nfaf6 ef/tsf] wfr'{nfsf] lemnLldnL / lrNnf] ;8s lgofNb} e§/fO{n] …dnfO{ ;xof]u ug'{;\, d oxf“ klg af6f] lkr ul/lbG5'Ú eGb} cfZjf;g lbPsf] e|d0f bnsf Ps ;b:on] atfP . Tof] e|d0fdf e§/fO{eGbf kTgL lxl;nf odLn] sfo{stf{nfO{ cfkm\gf] u'6df tfGg a9L ;lqmotf b]vfPsf] klg pgn] atfP .

bfr'{nf e|d0f ;s]/ kms{gf;fy ut ;ftf e§/fO{ bf]nvf k'u]sf lyP . …xfd|f] PkmPdÚsf] pb\3f6g ug{ k'u]sf e§/fO{n] dflyNnf] tfdfsf];L hfg] af6f]sf] cjnf]sg ug]{ sfo{qmd lyof] . t/, pgsf] Tof] e|d0fnfO{ lhNnf OGrfh{ Pjd\

s]Gb|Lo ;b:o uª\uf sfsL{sf] ;d"xn] cj/f]w k'¥ofPsf] lyof] . sfsL{ cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn kIfw/ x'g\ . t/, e§/fO{ kIfw/ ljzfn v8\sf / b]jL v8\sf;lxtsf] kxndf s8f ;'/IffaLr e§/fO{ e|d0fdf lgl:sPsf lyP . v8\sfåo gftfn] sfsL{sf ;fnf–;fnL;d]t x'g\ . emG8} Ps ;o df]6/;fOsn / cfwf bh{g uf8Lsf] ;'/Iff 3]/faLr rl/sf]6af6 l;ª\u6Ltkm{ nfu]sf e§/fO{nfO{ :yfgLon] pQm af6f] sfnf]kq] ul/lbg cg'/f]w u/]sf lyP . Toxf“ klg dGqL /fodfemLsf] gfd cl3 ;fb}{ e§/fO{n] bfr'{nfdf lbPsf] h:t} cfZjf;g lbPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 .

Tolt dfq xf]Og, ;'s'6] a}7saf6 la/lQmP/ cfOtaf/ :f“em /fhwfgL cfPsf e§/fO{ ;f]daf/ dsjfgk'/sf] kfn'ª k'u]sf lyP . Toxf“ klg pgn] cfkm"nfO{ kf6L{ g]t[Tjaf6 ePsf] b'Jo{jxf/af/] 3'dfp/f] 9ª\un] u'gf;f] kf]Vb} cfkm\gf] ;d"xnfO{ ;dy{g ug{ cg'/f]w u/]sf] yfxf ePsf] 5 . Toxf“ klg pgn] af6f] lkr ul/lbg] cfZjf;g lbPsf] Ps :yfgLo afl;Gbfn] atfP .


3/]n' dxf]T;j j}zfv & df

sf7df8f}“ . x/]s jif{ cfof]hgf x'g] 3/]n' pBf]u dxf]T;j tyf /fli6«o cf}Bf]lus k|bz{gLsf] tof/L o; jif{ klg tLj| ultdf cl3 al9/x]sf] 5 . ljut !! jif{b]lv cfof]hgf ul/“b} cfPsf] of] !!cf}“ dxf]T;j o; k6s @)^* j}zfv & b]lv !! ut];Dd sf7df8f}“sf] e[s'6Ld08kl:yt k|bz{gL xndf cfof]hgf x'g] cfof]hsx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ .

g]kfn 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u dxf;ª\3sf] cfof]hgfdf ;~rfng x'g] ;f] sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hs pBf]u dGqfno;d]t /x]sf] 5 eg] o;sf nflu ;/sf/sf tkm{af6 n3', 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u ljsf; sf]ifsf] klg nufgL 5 . ;fy}, pBf]u ljefu, 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u ljefu, 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u ljsf; ;ldlt, s[lif Joj;fo k|j4{g cfof]hgf, n3' pBd ljsf; sfo{qmdn] ;xsfo{ ul/x]sf 5g\ .

d'n'se/sf pBf]uLx¿sf] ;femf k|bz{gL agfpg] k|of]hgsf nflu lghL If]qsf tkm{af6 dxf]T;j cfof]hgfsf nflu g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;ª\3, g]kfn r]Da/ ckm sd;{, g]kfn x:tsnf dxf;ª\3, /fli6«o n3' pBdL dxf;ª\3;d]tsf] ;xsfo{ /x]sf] 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u dxf;ª\3sL cWoIf ntf Kofs'/]nn] atfpg'eof] .

n3', 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u / /fli6«o:t/sf pBf]ux¿åf/f pTkflbt j:t'x¿sf] a[xt\ cf}Bf]lus k|bz{gLdfkm{t ahf/ k|j4{g ug]{ d'Vo p2]Zosf ;fy cfof]hgf ul/g nfu]sf] of] k|bz{gLdf ^) eGbf a9L lhNnfsf pBdLsf ! ;o *) j6f :6n /xg] cWoIf Kofs'/]nn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . klxnf] k6s e'6fg, aª\unfb]z / ef/tsf ;d]t s]xL :6n /xg] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] .

ut jif{ ;DkGg b;f}“ 3/]n' pBf]u dxf]T;jdf ! nfv ^^ xhf/ bz{sn] k|bz{gL cjnf]sg u/]sf], ;ft s/f]8sf] sf/f]af/ ePsf] / $^ lhNnfsf pBdLx¿sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf]df o; k6s b'O{ nfv bz{s, !) s/f]8sf] sf/f]af/ / ^) lhNnfaf6 ;xeflutf /xg] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] .

k|bz{gLdf k/Dk/fut x:tsnfsf ;fdfgx¿, sf7, 9'ª\uf, wft' snf, ;]/fldS; tyf ef“8fs'“8fx¿, un}“rf, /f8LkfvL, cNnf], nf]Qmf, h'6 / cGo k/Dk/fut ¿kaf6 k|zf]lwt k|fs[lts /];fåf/f pTkflbt j:t', pRr u'0f:t/Lo kl:dgf, pmgL, xft] sfuhsf j:t', h'l8a'6LhGo tyf cGo jg / s[lifdf cfwfl/t j:t', vfB tyf k]o kbfy{ / ;hfj6sf ;fdfgx¿ k|bz{gLdf /flvg] klg pxf“n] atfpg'eof] .


‘dfcf]jfbLsf] Ph]G8f gaf]s

s}nfnL . nf]stflGqs yf¿ ;ª\3sf] k|yd /fli6«o ;Dd]ng ;f]daf/ wgu9Ldf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . b]zel/sf sl/a ;ft ;o k|ltlglwx¿n] efu lnPsf] /fli6«o ;Dd]ng eJo ¿kdf ;DkGg ePsf] gjlgjf{lrt cWoIf gfu]Gb| rf}w/Ln] atfpg'eof] .

d'Qm sd}of / sdn/Lsf] ;d:of ;Daf]wgsf nflu ;xof]u k'Ug] p2]Zon] /fli6«o ;Dd]ng wgu9Ldf ul/Psf] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . ;Dd]ngn] pxf“sf] cWoIftfdf %# ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo sld6L rog u/]sf] 5 . /fli6«o ;Dd]ngn] ljleGg k|:tfjx¿ kfl/t u/]sf] 5 . k|:tfjx¿df y?x6 :jfoQ k|b]z x'g'kg]{, hftLo ;ª\Vofsf cfwf/df ;dfg'kflts k|ltlglwTj x'g'kg]{, bnx¿df klg ;dfj]zL dfq geO{ ;dfg'kflts k|ltlglWfTj x'g'kg]{, ;dodf ;+ljwfg hf/L ug'{kg]{nufot /x]sf 5g\ . /fli6«o ;Dd]ngn] yf¿x¿sf] Oltxf;, efiff, nf]k ePsf] lnkLsf] vf]h, ljsf; / ;+j4{g, ax'efiff gLlt / wd{ lg/k]Ifsf] s'/f k|:tfjdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 .

/fli6«o ;Dd]ngsf] g]skf Pdfn]sf jl/i7 g]tf tyf k"j{k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] zlgaf/ Ps eJo ;df/]fxsf aLr pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . ;f] cj;/df af]Nb} g]tf g]kfnn] cfkm\gf] g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/ 9fNg Tolta]nf dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn …k|r08Ún] Gjf/gb]lvsf] an nufPsf] :d/0f ug'{eof] . …d]/f] g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/nfO{ x6fpg k|r08n] Gjf/gb]lvsf] an nufP, d}n] Tolta]nf klg k|r08hLnfO{ eg]sf] lyP“, tkfO+{sf] 3'sL{n] ;fy{stf kfpg]jfnf 5}g, clxn] ToxL ePsf] 5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …b'O{ 3G6fdf ;xdlt ug]{ / b'O{ dlxgfdf ;+ljwfg n]Vg] 3'sL{ nufpg]x¿sf] xljut clxn] ;a}n] b]lv;s]sf 5g .Ú

dfcf]jfbLn] cfkm\gf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ /x]sf a]nf ljb|f]x / aufjtsf] wDsL lbPsf] pNn]v ub}{ g]tf g]kfnn] clxn] p;n] To;sf] kl/0ffd ef]lu/x]sf] atfpg'eof] . g]tf g]kfnn] aGb'ssf] 5fofdf ;+ljwfg 3f]if0ff ug{ gx'g] k|:6 kfg'{eof] . …clxn] PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbLn] zflGt k|lqmofsf] dxŒjk"0f{ kf6f]sf] ¿kdf /x]sf] n8fs' ;dfof]hg / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmof ;“u;“u} v'§fem“} n}hfg'kg]{ eGb} cfPsf] 5, To;sf] cy{ aGb'sd'lg ;+ljwfg hf/L x'g'k5{ eGg] xf]Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …aGb'sd'lg ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{ ;ls“b}g .Ú

k"j{k|wfgGqL g]kfnn] ;/sf/ lgdf{0f ePsf] b'O{ dlxgfdf klg l;Gsf];Dd gef“lrPsf] atfpg'eof] . …sfd eGg] xf] eg] ukm dfq} ePsf] 5, b'O{ dlxgf eof] ;/sf/n] k"0f{tf kfPsf] 5}g, t/ dfcf]jfbLn] k"/s ah]6sf] dfu ul//x]sf] 5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …dfcf]jfbLnfO{ b]zsf] ah]6 n'6g' 5, p;nfO{ sd /sdn] x'“b}g, To;}n] s]xL ;do eP klg k"/s ah]6dfkm{t b]zsf] 9's'6L n'6\g] k|of; dfcf]jfbLn] ub}{5 . Ps jif{df tLg÷tLg k6s ah]6 Nofpg' unt xf] .Ú pxf“n] dfcf]jfbLsf] Wofg ca ah]6df dfq} nfu]sf] atfpg'eof] . …k"/s ah]6 cfof] eg] Tof] s'/f s;}nfO{ ;}x\o x“'b}g, km]l/ ;+;b\df tdf;f x'G5, clg ;+;b\ cj?4 x'G5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] .

g]tf g]kfnn] k|wfgdGqL / cy{dGqLn] dfcf]jfbLsf] Ph]G8f gaf]Sg cfu|x ug'{eof] . …xfd|f k|wfgdGqL, cy{dGqLn] dfcf]jfbLsf Ph]G8f af]Sg'x'“b}g, To:tf] eof] eg] Pdfn] sdhf]/ x'G5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …g]skf Pdfn] dfcf]jfbLsf] xlnof xf]Og, dfcf]jfbLljgf Pdfn] rNb}g eGg] klg xf]Og, xfdLnfO{ s;}sf] a};fvL klg rflxPsf] 5}g . s;}n] v';'v';' csf{;“u ;xdlt klg ug'{x“'b}g, clxn] xfd|} kf6Lleq klg of] k|j[lQ al9/x]sf] 5 .Ú pxf“n] cufl8 eGg'eof]– …kqsf/x¿n] ;fta'“b]÷;fta'“b] eG5g\, t/ d s] eG5' eg] Tof] ;fta'“b] eg]sf] emngfy vgfnnfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpg] v]n lyof], emngfyhL k|wfgdGqL x'g]lalQs} To;sf] cf}lrTo ca ;lsof] .Ú

g]tf g]kfnn] dfcf]jfbLn] cfkm\gf n8fs'sf] ;dfof]hg / k'gM:yfkgf ug{ grfx]sf] atfpg'eof] . …dfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx¿n] dlxgfsf] !% s/f]8 /sd n8fs'sf gfddf a'lem/x]sf 5g, o;n] s]xL g]tfx¿sf nflu t df]hd:tL ePsf] xf]nf . t/, kf“r jif{b]lv lzlj/df a;]sf tL n8fs'x¿sf] eljio eg] vt/fdf kb}{5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] . pxf“n] ca ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb yKg] k|of; u/] hgtfsf] ;+ljwfg;efk|ltsf] ljZjf; 36\g] atfpg'eof] .

;Dd]ngdf d'n'se/sf @^ lhNnfsf yf¿x¿sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . s}nfnL, s~rgk'/nufotsf ufp“–ufp“af6 7"nf] ;ª\Vofdf yf¿x¿ sfo{qmddf efu lng cfPsf lyP .

gfu]Gb| g} cWoIf

;Dd]ngn] gfu]Gb| rf}w/L g} cWoIf /x]sf] $^ ;b:oLo gof“ g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] 5 . pkfWoIfdf afa'/fd rf}w/L, gf/bd'lg /fgf, /fdk|;fb rf}w/L, lqnf]sL rf}w/L, k]|dgf/fo0f rf}w/L / eujtL rf}w/L rog x'g'ePsf] 5 . To:t}, dxf;lrjdf anb]j rf}w/L, ;lrjdf d]6dl0f rf}w/L / sf]iffWoIfdf nfndl0f rf}w/L rog x'g'ePsf] 5 .

;b:odf j}h' ljZjf;, xl/gf/fo0f rf}w/L, ljGb]Zj/ rf}w/L, bL3{nfn rf}w/L, /fdPsjfn rf}w/L, uf}/Lz+s/ wfdL, c?0f l;+x, clvn]Zj/ rf}w/L, b]jgf/fo0f rf}w/L yf¿, hok|sfz yf¿, ljzgfy rf}w/L, horGb| rf}w/L, kz'{/fd yf¿, t'N;L/fd yf¿, lj;/fd yf¿, rGb|axfb'/ rf}w/L, kxf/L rf}w/L, xg'dfg rf}w/L, s[i0faxfb'/ rf}w/L, sd};fo /fgf, k'?iff]Qd rf}w/L, 1fg' dxtf], an/fd rf}w/L, >Ls'df/L rf}w/L, kfj{tL rf}w/L / slj/fd yf¿ rog x'g'ePsf] 5 .

To:t} cGo ;b:ox¿df lr/GhLjL/fd yf¿, lji0f' rf}w/L, ;l/of/s'df/L rf}w/L, l;tfnL rf}w/L, /fdbf; rf}w/L, s[kf/fd rf}w/L / /fh]Gb|k|;fb dxtf] yf¿ /xg'ePsf] 5 . yk kf“r hgf ;b:o kl5 dgf]gog ug]{ lg0f{o ePsf] gjlgjf{lrt cWoIf rf}w/Ln] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] cfufdL h]7 !$ leq} cfkm\gf dfu ;Daf]wg ePsf] ;+ljwfgsf] 3f]if0ffsf nflu bafad"ns sfo{qmd ug]{ atfpg'eof] .


rf/ gDa/df r6f/f]

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf7df8f}“ lhNnfcGtu{t rf/ gDa/ If]qsf] k|yd clwj]zg @)^& j}zfv !) ut] x'g] ePsf] 5 . z'qmaf/ a;]sf] If]qLo sld6L a}7sn] ;f] lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . a}7sn] clwj]zg ;DkGg ug{sf nflu ljleGg pk;ldltx¿ u7g u/]sf] 5 . a}7sn] If]qcGtu{t ljleGg zfvf sld6Lx¿af6 k|fKt ;ª\ul7t ;b:otf kmf/fdsf] 5fglag u/L $!# hgfnfO{ ;ª\ul7t ;b:otfsf] l;kmfl/; u/]sf] 5 .

lhNnf sld6Lsf pk;lrj ;l/tf Gof}kfg]sf] k|d'v cfltYodf a;]sf] a}7sn] 6Lsf k/fh'nLsf] ;+of]hsTrdf clwj]zg Joj:yfkg, rqmaxfb'/ >]i7sf] ;+of]hsTjdf cfly{s, s[i0fdl0f e§/fO{sf] ;+of]hsTjdf k|rf/k|;f/ tyf /fds[i0f e08f/Lsf] ;+of]hsTjdf ;ª\u7g tyf k|ltlglw Joj:yfkg pk;ldlt u7g u/]sf] 5 . a}7sdf lhNnf sld6Lsf ;b:ox¿ lzj e§/fO{, c~h' zdf{, ljb'/ljqmd v8\sf, lgd{n b]pnf, ld7f/fd clwsf/Lnufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] . a}7s ;dfkgsf qmddf pk;lrj Gof}kfg] tyf lhNnf sld6L ;b:o t]hk|;fb 9sfn / ld7f/fd clwsf/Ln] If]qLo clwj]zg ;kmntfsf ;fy ;DkGg ug{ s8fOk"j{s nfu" ug{] lgb]{zg lbg'ePsf] lyof] . a}7s If]qLo ;+of]hs p4j v/]nsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] lyof] .

o;}aLr, clvn g]kfn dlxnf ;ª\3sf] rf/ gDa/ If]qLo k|lzIf0f zlgaf/ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . g]skf -Pdfn]_sL lhNnf sld6L ;b:o Pjd\ ;ef;b\ /Tg u'?ªsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ePsf] k|lzIf0fdf If]qLo sld6L pkfWoIf uª\uf d}gfnLn] cWoIftf ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


l;Gw'nLsf] jgef]h

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf Pdfn] l;Gw'nL–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rn] jgef]h ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . r}t !( ut] zlgaf/ cfof]lht jgef]hdf l;Gw'nLaf6 sf7df8f}“ cfO{ ljleGg k];f / Joj;fo u/]/ a:g] l;Gw'nLjf;Lx¿ ;xefuL lyP .

sfo{qmddf j}slNks s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ljifdnfn clwsf/L, k"j{;f+;bx¿ uf]df b]jsf]6f, zª\s/gfy zdf{, uª\ufk|;fb g]kfn, dbg 9'ª\u]n, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb ;b:ox¿ u0f]z kxf8L, ef]h/fh 9'ª\u]n, c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf pkfWoIf xl/s[i0f 7s'/L, ;lrj 8]s]Gb| ;'j]bLnufot g]tf, sfo{stf{, ;dy{s / z'elrGtsx¿sf] pkl:yt lyof] . g[To, v]n, bf]xf]/L uLtnufotsf dgf]/~hgfTds sfo{qmdsf ;fy ;DkGg sfo{qmddf ;a} cltly tyf ;xefuLx¿sf tkm{af6 d~rsf cWoIf tf/flglw kf]v/]nn] z'esfdgf lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

To;}u/L, d~rcGtu{t /x]sf tLgcf]6} If]qLo d~rx¿sf] ;Dd]ng klg ;DkGg ePsf 5g\ . ;Dd]ngaf6 If]q gDa/ Psdf ;l~hk sfsL{sf] cWoIftfdf !^ ;b:oLo, If]q gDa/ b'O{df xl/s[i0f cfrfo{sf] cWoIftfdf !$ ;b:oLo / If]q gDa/ tLgdf /fhs'df/ 7s'/Lsf] cWoIftfdf gf} ;b:oLo sld6L ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf rog ul/Psf] 5 .

l;Gw'nL lhNnf /fgLr'/L uflj;sf clUgkLl8t 8Da/s'df/L cfn]nfO{ ;f]xL sfo{qmddf ;ª\slnt /sd % xhf/ @ ;o () ?lkof“ d~råf/f x:tfGt/0f ul/Psf] lyof] .


ndh'ª]sf] ;Dd]ng

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ ndh'ª–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rsf] kf“rf}“ If]qLo ;Dd]ng zlgaf/ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . b'O{ lgjf{rg If]qdf ;Dd]ngn] gof“ g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] 5 .

Pdfn] u08sL ;+of]hs vu/fh clwsf/Ln] ;Dd]ngsf] pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . ;Dd]ngn] lgjf{rg If]q gDa/ ! df gf/fo0f lrnjfn cWoIf / ;/f]h a:g]t ;lrj /x]sf] !! ;b:oLo gof“ g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] 5 . To:t}, If]q gDa/ b'O{df /f]zg kf}8]n cWoIf / cflzif clwsf/L ;lrj /x]sf] !@ ;b:oLo gof“ sld6L lgdf{0f u/]sf] 5 .

sf]lknf yfkfsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg ;Dd]ngdf Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o efg'eQm 9sfn, u08sL ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf lvd yfkf, sf]iffWoIf sNkgf yfkf, ;x;lrj ch'{g kf08]nufotn] z'esfdgf lbg'ePsf] lyof] .


u08sLdf leGg} of]hgf

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ u08sL c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf] cfof]hgfdf laxLaf/ ;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0f cleofgsf nflu a[xt\ cGtlqm{of sfo{qmd kf]v/fdf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf c~rnsf 8]9 ;o cu'jf sfo{stf{sf] ;xeflutf lyof] .

kf6L{nfO{ hgtfsf] aLrdf s;/L k'¥ofpg] < gof“ kª\lQmnfO{ s;/L kf6L{df ;dflxt ug]{ < eGg] ;Gbe{df cu'jf sfo{stf{n] cfcfkm\gf] of]hgf / cg'ej cfbfgk|bfg u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf u08sL cGtu{tsf k|ltlglwTj ug]{ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o, s]Gb|Lo ;Nnfxsf/ kl/ifb\sf ;b:o, s]Gb|Lo ljefu tyf lgsfodf sfo{/t g]tfx¿sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . To:t}, c~rn ;dGjo sld6Lsf ;b:o, hg;ª\u7gsf s]Gb|Lo kbflwsf/L, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf ;b:o, ;Dks{ d~rsf cWoIfx¿sf] aLrdf 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . ;f] cj;/df dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] kf6L{kª\lQmdf b]lvPsf] ;d:of / ltgsf] ;dfwfgsf nflu lgjf{x ug'{kg]{ e"ldsfsf af/]df ;xefuLnfO{ k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmd Pdfn] u08sL ;+of]hs vu/fh clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .


rf}tf/Lsf kqsf/x¿ pT;flxt eP/ kms]{

;f}/fxf . k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnn] pb\3f6g u/]sf] k|]; rf}tf/L g]kfnsf] e]nf gf}a'“b] ;f}/fxf 3f]if0ffkq hf/L ub}{ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . e]nfn] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] cf;Gg dxflwjz]gdf cfk\mgf]tkm{af6 kqsf/ lzj ufp“n]nfO{ cWoIfdf p7fpg] ;j{;Ddt lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 .

pb\3f6g ;qdf af]Nb} k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] g]kfnsf] kqsfl/tf If]qsf] ljsf;sf nflu k|]; rf}tf/Ln] lgjf{x ul//x]sf] e"ldsf] k|z+;f ug'{eof] . pxf“n] d'n'ssf] /fli6«otf, /fli6«o :jfledfg / PstfnfO{ alnof] agfpg ;a} If]q, k];f / Joj;fosf gful/sx¿ Pstfa4 x'g'kg]{df hf]8 lbg'eof] . d'n'ssf ljleGg efudf ad k8\sfP/ gful/snfO{ cftª\lst agfpg vf]lhPsf] pNn]v ub}{ k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] ;a}sf] ;fd"lxs ;xof]uaf6 To;nfO{ lgoGq0fdf lng ;/sf/ sl6a4 /x]sf] atfpg'eof] .

sfo{qmddf g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o tyf k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v k|bLk 1jfnLn] jt{dfg cj:yfdf k|];sf] e"ldsf emg\ a9]sf] rrf{ ub}{ zflGt / ;+ljwfg n]vgsf nflu;d]t bafa l;h{gf ug'{kg]{df hf]8 lbg'eof] .

rf}tf/Lsf cWoIf uug lji6sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o sfzLgfy clwsf/L, kqsf/x¿ lszf]/ >]i7, dx]Gb| lji6, lzj ufp“n] / hgs g]kfnn] klg z'esfdgf dGtJo lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

k|ltj]bg kfl/t

aGb ;qdf rf}tf/Lsf dxf;lrj lji0f' l/hfnåf/f k|:t't k|ltj]bgdfly 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . kqsf/ dxf;ª\3df ePsf] lgjf{rgsf] cj:yf, lgjf{rgdf ckgfpg'kg]{ sfo{gLltnufotsf ljifo ;d]6]/ tof/ ul/Psf] ;f] k|ltj]bgdfly 5 ;d"xn] 5nkmnkl5 ;'emfj lbPsf lyP . ;'b"/klZrdf~rnaf6 v]d e08f/L, dWoklZrdf~rnaf6 l8NnL aL;L, klZrdf~rnaf6 gj/fh ;'j]bL, dWodf~rnaf6 lji0f' l5d]sL, k"jf{~rnaf6 df]xgsfhL Gof}kfg] / pkTosfaf6 ozf]bf ltlD;gfn] ;d"x 5nkmnsf lgisif{x¿ k|:t't u/]sf lyP .

5nkmnsf qmddf ;xefuLx¿n] kqsf/x¿sf] xs, lxt / ;'/Iffsf nflu rf}tf/L nfUg'kg]{ ;'emfj lb“b} To;sf nflu cleofg rnfpg'kg]{ ;'emfj lbPsf lyP . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3n] kqsf/x¿ lxtsf] /Iff ug{ g;s]sf] lgisif{ lgsfNb} To;sf nflu of]Uo / Jofj;flos kqsf/nfO{ lhtfpgdf e"ldsf lgjf{x ug'{kg]{df pgLx¿n] hf]8 lbPsf lyP .

lg0f{o ug'{cl3 rf}tf/Ln] uf]kfn yklnof, s'Gbg cof{n, ljho rfln;], zDe' >]i7, lszf]/ >]i7, uf]kfn a'9fyf]sL, uf]s'n af“:sf]6f, tLy{ sf]O/fnf, dfwj zdf{, ab|Lljgf]b k|tLs, o1 zdf{, ;"o{ yfkf, k|df]b bfxfn, af]w/fh lqkf7Lnufotsf kqsf/x¿;“u k/fdz{ u/]sf] lyof] .

rf}tf/Lsf] e]nfåf/f kfl/t k|:tfjx¿ o;k|sf/ 5g\M

!= zflGt k|lqmof / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f tf]lsPs} ;dodf ;DkGg ug{ ;+ljwfg;efdf /x]sf ;Dk"0f{ /fhgLlts bnx¿nfO{ of] e]nf dfu u5{ .

@= clxn] klg w]/} kqsf/ ljgflgo'lQmkq sfd ug{ afWo 5g\ . 7"nf] ;ª\Vofdf kqsf/x¿ Go"gtd kfl/>lds;d]t kfpg g;Sg] cj:yfdf 5g\ . of] e]nf ;/sf/ / ;~rf/ k|lti7fgnfO{ >dhLjL kqsf/ sfg'gsf] kfngf ug{ cg'/f]w u5{ . ;fy}, >dhLjL kqsf/x¿sf lglDt hLjg ladf, jl/i7 kqsf/x¿sf lglDt hLjg lgjf{x eQf, ;/sf/L c:ktfndf :jf:Yo pkrf/sf] Joj:yf ldnfpg of] e]nf dfu u5{ .

#= d'n'ssf ljleGg efudf kqsf/x¿ clxn] klg k"0f{¿kdf ;'/lIft 5}gg\ . d'n'ssf ljleGg efudf vf;u/L t/fO{sf lhNnfdf ad lj:kmf]6gsf kl5Nnf 36gfn] ;fj{hlgs ;'/Iff k4ltdf g} k||Zg p7fPsf] 5 . nuftf/sf lj:kmf]6n] kqsf/x¿ sfo{If]qd} c;''/lIft x'g yfn]sfn] tTsfn ;fj{hlgs ;'/Iff cj:yfdf ;'wf/ Nofpg ;/sf/;“u of] e]nf dfu u5{ .

$= kqsf/ jL/]Gb| ;fx, l8s]Gb| yfkf, pdf l;+x, h]kL hf]zLsf] xTofdf ;+nUgx¿nfO{ sfg'gsf] bfo/fdf Nofpg tyf s~rgk'/sf kqsf/ k|sfz 7s'/Lsf] cj:yf ;fj{hlgs u/L bf]ifLdfly sf/afxL ug{ of] e]nf dfu u5{ .

%= ;dfg'kflts lj1fkg k|0ffnLsf] sfof{Gjog x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . cvaf/ tyf ljB'tLo ;~rf/dfWodsf] :yfgLo:t/d} juL{s/0f / nf]ssNof0fsf/L lj1fkg k|sfzg÷k|;f/0fafktsf] e'QmfgL Joj:yf sfof{Gjog ug{ ;/sf/sf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fp“5f}“ . ;fy}, ;fgf nufgLdf ;~rflnt cvaf/sf lglDt xjfO{ tyf ;8s oftfoftdf cvaf/ 9'jfgLsf nflu ;x'lnotsf] Joj:yf u/fpg of] e]nf dfu u5{ .

^= dWok"jL{ /fi6«df clwsf/ k|flKtsf nflu ePsf hg;ª\3if{k|lt of] e]nf P]Soa4tf k|s6 u5{ . ;fy}, cfGbf]ng bafpg ePsf bdg tyf 3fts sf/afxLaf6 hgtfdf k/]sf] c;/ / lnlaofdfly g]6f] ;]gfaf6 ePsf] kmf}hL cfqmd0fk|lt of] e]nf uDeL/ ;/f]sf/ JoQm u5{ .

&= k|s[ltsf] ;'Gb/td pkxf/ lrtjgsf] ;f}/fxf If]q Pjd\ lrtjg /fli6«o lgs'~hsf] h}ljs ljljwtf tyf Psl;ª\u] u}“8fnufotsf jGohGt'sf] ;+/If0f / ;+j4{g tyf :yfgLo cflbjf;L, hghfltsf] hLjg:t/df ;'wf/ cfpg]u/L ;f+:s[lts ;DkbfnfO{ arfpg] 7f]; gLlt agfpg of] e]nf hf]8bf/ dfu u5{ .

*= ljB't\ cefjsf sf/0f ;fgf nufgLsf cfd;~rf/dfWodx¿ ;ª\s6df 5g\ . of] e]nf pgLx¿nfO{ lgjf{w ¿kdf cfkm\gf] sfd ug{ cfjZos ;x'lnot / 5'6 lbg dfu u5{ .

(= zflGt / ;+ljwfg n]vgnfO{ uGtJodf k'¥ofpg Pstfa4 x'g ;Dk"0f{ ;~rf/sdL{x¿nfO{ of] e]nf cfx\jfg u5{ .

ufp“n] ;j{;Ddt

o;cl3 laxfg ;f}/fxd} ;DkGg rf}tf/Lsf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7sdf kqsf/ dx]Gb| lji6n] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] ;efkltsf nflu lzj ufp“n]nfO{ pDd]bjf/ agfpg k|:tfj ug'{ePsf] lyof] . pxf“sf] k|:tfjnfO{ a}7sn] ;xif{ :jLsf/ ub}{ pDd]bjf/ agfpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] .

cl3Nnf] k6s rf}tf/Låf/f dxf;ª\3sf] cWoIfdf p7fOPsf lji6sf] ;f] k|:tfjnfO{ s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿n] pRr ;Ddfg ub}{ pxf“k|lt ljz]if wGojfb k|s6 u/]sf lyP . cl3Nnf] k6s b'O{ pDd]bjf/ ePsf sf/0f lgjf{rg xfg'{k/]sf] lgisif{ lgsfn]sf] rf}tf/Ln] o; k6s ;j{;Ddt lg0f{o u/]/ Psdgf Pstf k|bz{g u/]sf] / o;sf] kl/0ffd lgjf{rgaf6 b]lvg] cWoIf uug lji6n] atfP .

e]nfsf] aGb ;qdf af]Nb} Go"gtd kfl/>lds ;ldltsf] cWoIf;d]t /x]sf dx]Gb| lji6n] ;ª\u7gn] ug]{ lg0f{o g} cfkm\gf nflu ;jf]{kl/ x'g] / cfkm" slxNo} klg To;eGbf aflx/ guPsf] / ghfg] :ki6 kf/] . cWoIfsf k|Tof;L ufp“n]n] ljutdf b]vf k/]sf sdL–sdhf]/Laf6 lzIff ln“b} Pstfa4 ¿kdf cl3 a9\g cfkm"af6 cfufdL lbgdf s'g} q'l6 gx'g] k|lta4tf JoQm ub}{ ;ª\u7gn] u/]sf] ljZjf;nfO{ Jojxf/df ptf/]/ b]vfOlbg] atfP .

clxn];Dd 3f]lift kl/0ffddWo] cu:yfgdf /x]sf] rf}tf/Ln] clxn] ljifd kl/l:yltdf ;a};“u ldn]/ hfg'kg]{ eGb} af“sL kbdf pDd]bjf/ 3f]if0ff u/]sf] 5}g . o;cl3 ‘lxdfn va/klqsfsf] ;Dkfbs eO;s]sf ufp“n] clxn] ;fkm\df g]kfn RofK6/sf cWoIf / kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf ;Nnfxsf/ 5g\ . pgL Jofj;flos kqsf/sf ¿kdf kl/lrt 5g\ .

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