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dfcf]jfbL km]l/ e"d/Ldf

sf7df8f“} . kf6L{sf tkm{af6 ;/sf/df ;xefuL x'g] af“sL dGqLsf] gfd 6'ª\Uofpg] ljifodf ;'? ePsf] dte]bn] cGttM PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_sf] cfGtl/s /fhgLlts ;dLs/0fnfO{ g} pN6\ofOlbPsf] 5 . kfn'ª\6f/ a}7skl5 pkfWoIf df]xg j}B;“u Pstf u/L hgljb|f]xsf] sfo{lbzf to u/]sf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn j}Bsf] ;fy Tofu]/ csf{ pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{sf] zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] sfo{lbzf c“ufNg k'u]sf 5g\ .

kf6L{sf] tTsfnLg sfo{lbzf rf/ dlxgfd} o;/L kl/jt{g xf]nf eGg] :jod\ dfcf]jfbLsf s]Gb|Lo g]tfx¿n] g} ;f]r]sf lyPgg\ . kGw| lbg cl3;Dd pkfWoIf e§/fO{nfO{ …kf6L{ km'6fpg nfu]sf]Ú cf/f]k nufP/ PSNofpg p2t cWoIf bfxfn olt rf“8} …o' 6g{Ú x'g'nfO{ dfcf]jfbLsf w]/} g]tfn] cfZro{sf ¿kdf lnPsf klg 5}gg\ . To;f] t dfcf]jfbL dfq xf]Og, c¿ /fhgLlts bnsf ;fdfGo sfo{stf{;d]t bfxfn k|j[lQk|lt 5f]6} ;dodf hfgsf/ eO;s]sfn] klg o;nfO{ c;fdfGo 36gfsf ¿kdf ln“b}gg\ . ldNg} g;Sg] b'O{ ljk/Lt wf/sf k|lt:kwL{nfO{ h'wfP/ …dxfg\ g]tfÚ x'g] pgsf] k|j[lQ sf]§Øfp“b} o:tf 36gfnfO{ ;fdfGo 9ª\un] lrq0f ug{ yflnPsf] xf] .

cWoIf bfxfnnfO{ j}rfl/s g]tfsf ¿kdf lrGg]x¿sf] kª\lQm dfcf]jfbLleq Hofb} lemgf] 5 . …ljrf/sf] n8fO“ eg]sf] pkfWoIf j}B / e§/fO{aLr xf] . bfxfnsf] e"ldsf cfkm"cg's"n Pp6fsf] sf“wdf r9]/ csf{nfO{ xfGg] dfq} xf]Ú– dfcf]jfbLs} Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] eg] . bfxfnsf] of] 9'nd'n] k|j[lQn] Psflt/ dfcf]jfbLsf] cfGtl/s ;ª\u7gnfO{ nyflnª\u agfPsf] t 5“b} 5, csf{lt/ /fli6«o /fhgLltdf klg emg\ cljZjf;sf] jftfj/0f l;h{gf u/]sf] 5 .

dfcf]jfbLn] 7"nf] cfGtl/s ;ª\3if{kl5 ut k'; @ ut] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltaf6 hgljb|f]xsf] sfo{lbzf kfl/t u/]sf] lyof] . Tof] sfo{lbzfk|lt tLj| c;Gt'li6 hgfp“b} e§/fO{n] zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] km/s k|:tfj /fv]sf lyP . To;a]nf e§/fO{sf] ljrf/nfO{ klg ax;df n}hfg lbg] u/L hgljb|f]xsf] sfo{lbzf kfl/t ul/Psf] lyof] . t/, bfxfn kIfw/ / e§/fO{ kIfw/aLr ltQmtfn] olt /fIf;L ¿k u|x0f u¥of] ls e§/fO{sf] ljrf/ ax;df n}hfgaf6 /f]Sg] / k/];Dd ef}lts xdnfdf ;Dd pqg] 36gf eP . hgljb|f]xsf] sfo{lbzf kfl/t u/]s} sf/0f /fli6«o /fhgLltdf dfcf]jfbLn] …cljZjf;L / ;j{;QfjfbLÚsf] ku/L u'Yg'k¥of] . ToxL sfo{lbzfs} sf/0f ;/sf/df ;xefuL eP klg u[x dGqfnosf] /8fsf] cem} Joj:yfkg x'g;s]sf] 5}g .

…u[xÚaf6} ;'? ePsf] of] snxn] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;ª\s6sf] bnbndf km;fPsf] 5 . oxL snxsf] aLpaf6 ;'? ePsf] ;ª\3if{s} sf/0f clxn] cWoIf bfxfn j}Bsf] ;fy Tofu]/ e§/fO{;“u s'd hf]8\g cfOk'u]sf 5g\ . t/, crDd t s] 5 eg] bfxfnsf] of] k'/fgf] k|j[lQk|lt e§/fO{ / j}B b'j} hfgsf/ 5g\ . t/, pgnfO{ PSNofpg oL …lyª\s 6\ofª\sÚsf nflu ;w}“ r'gf}tL aGg] u/]sf] 5 . sf/0f xf]– oL b'O{ g]tfaLr ljrf/df /x]sf] w'|jLs/0f, h;sf] kmfObf x/]s k6s bfxfns} kf]N6fdf kg]{ u/]sf] atfOG5 .

dGqL 5fGg a;]sf :yfoL / kbflwsf/Lsf bh{gf}“ a}7s ;kmn x'g g;s]kl5 8flsPsf] kf]ln6\Ao'/f] a}7sn] klg ;dfwfg lbg g;s]kl5 s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s af]nfOPsf] lyof] . t/, clxn] Tof] Ph]G8f eg] k"/} 5fof“df k/]sf] 5 . PsfGtaf;df uP/ bfxfnn] e§/fO{ nfOgs} zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] sfo{lbzf tof/ kf/]/ a}7sdf k|:t't u/]kl5 a}7sn] cs}{ df]8 lnPsf] xf] . To;f] t bfxfnn] rfNg ;Sg] ;Defljt sbdaf/] To;a]n} j}B kIfw/x¿ hfgsf/ ePsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . jif{ lbgb]lv bfxfnlgjf; gk'u]sf e§/fO{sf] a9\bf] lxdlrdaf6} To;}a]nf j}B kIfw/ ;zª\lst ag]sf] atfOG5 . ToxL cg'dfgs} sf/0f j}Bn] cfkm"lgs6:y e]nf kf/]/ km/s dt a}7s ;'? ePs} lbg tof/L cj:yfdf /fv]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

e§/fO{;“u k/fdz{kl5 cWoIf bfxfnn] ut j}zfv & ut] kf]ln6\Ao'/f] sld6L a}7sdf hgljb|f]xsf] sfo{gLlt :yug;lxt / zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] sfo{gLlt k|:tfj u/]sf lyP . t/, o;k|lt cfklQ hgfp“b} j}Bn] s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s dfu u/]kl5 ljut rf/ lbgb]lv s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s a:b} cfPsf] 5 . a}7sdf j}Bn] bfxfnsf] gof“ sfo{gLlt k|:tfjk|lt uDeL/ cfklQ k|s6 ub}{ cfkmgf] km/s k|:tfj klg 5nkmnsf nflu k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ .

kf“r uDeL/ cf/f]k

j}Bn] cfk\mgf] km/s k|:tfjdf bfxfnsf] k|:tfjdfly kf“r j6f uDeL/ cf/f]k nufPsf 5g\ . pgn] bfxfnsf] gof“ sbdnfO{ lg/fzfjfbL / cfTd;dk{0fjfbLsf] ;+1f lbPsf 5g\ . jt{dfg /fhgLlts hl6ntfsf] uf“7f] km'sfpg zflGt / ;+ljwfgdf s]lGb|t x'g'sf] ljsNk gePsf] lgisif{ ;d]l6Psf] bfxfnsf] k|ltj]bgnfO{ j}Bn] …hgljb|f]xsf] sfo{lbzf kl/Tofu u/L cfTd;dk{0fjfbL 9ª\un] ;]gf ;dfof]hg / d:of}bf ;+ljwfg agfpg] of]hgf agfPsf] eGb}Ú cfklQ k|s6 u/]sf 5g\ . To:t}, bfxfnn] kfn'ª\6f/ a}7sotfsf] ;dLIff ug'{kg]{ ljifonfO{ kG5fP/ cfkm\gf ljrf/ 3';fPsf] eGb} j}Bn] Tof] ef}ltsjfbL åGåjfblj?4sf] ljt08f ePsf] hgfPsf 5g\ . kf6L{leq a9\b} uPsf] u'6aGbL, c/fhstf, e|d, cfzª\sf Pjd\ sltko /fHo Pjd\ df]rf{x¿df b]lvPsf] zq'tfk"0f{ / ljefhgsf/L uf}0f sf/0fnfO{ bfxfnn] k|ltj]bgdf k|fyldstf lbPsf] cf/f]k klg j}Bsf] 5 .

cem} 9'nd'n

zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] sfo{lbzfsf] k|:tfj k]; u/] klg o;n] /fli6«o /fhgLltsf] ;ª\s6sf] uf“7f] km'sfpg s'g} tflTjs e"ldsf v]Ng] eg] b]lv“b}g . bfxfnsf] k|ltj]bg zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf nflu ;sf/fTds eP klg Tof] ck"0f{ / c:ki6 /x]sf] atfOG5 . kf6L{ zflGt / ;+ljwfgdf s]lGb|t x'g] t elgPsf] 5, t/ To;sf nflu ;do cToGt} 5f]6f] 5 . zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] sfd h]7 !$ cyf{t\ Ps dlxgfleq xn ug'{kg]{ ;dosf] 3]/fdf bnx¿ af“lwPsf 5g\ . t/, of]

5f]6f] cjlwdf zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf nflu s]–s] sfd, slt–slt ;dodf ug]{ eGg] :ki6 of]hgf / tflnsfaf/] bfxfn k|ltj]bg klg df}g 5 .

ca s] x'G5 <

s]Gb|Lo sld6Ldf b'O{ k|ltj]bgdfly ePsf ax;df clwsf+z ;b:on] bfxfnsf] k|ltj]bgs} jsfnt u/]sf 5g\ . cfkm\gf] kIfdf af]Ng] ;b:o ;ª\Vof sdL b]v]kl5 j}Bn] gof“ /0fgLlt agfPsf 5g\ . j}Bn] cfkm\gf] gof“ /0fgLlt cg'¿k a}7sd} s'/f /fvL klg ;s]sf 5g\ . bfxfnsf] k|ltj]bg ax'dtn] kf; x'g] b]v]kl5 j}Bn] a}7sdf Pp6f xn'sf k|s[ltsf] k|:tfj /fv]sf 5g\ . pgsf] k|:tfj eg]sf] b'j} k|ltj]bgdfly dtbfg ug{] t/ dtbfgdf o'4sfnLg s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] dfq efu lng kfpg] . o'4sfnLg ;dodf dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf (% hgf ;b:o lyP, h;df j}Bsf] k|:6 ax'dt ePsf] atfOG5 .

t/, clxn] sfod ! ;o $* ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf j}B sdhf]/ /x]sf] atfOG5 . cfkm\gf] sfo{gLlt kfl/t u/fpg j}Bn] /fv]sf] of] gof“ k|:tfjk|lt gof“ s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] s8f cfklQ hgfPsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . cfkm"n] /fv]sf] of] k|:tfjn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:onfO{ emg\ lr9\ofpg] s'/fdf j}B cgle1 g/x]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …pgsf] vf; of]hgf eg]sf] dxflwj]zgd} hfg] xf] . To;sf nflu …afu]{lgªÚ ug]{ lx;fan] dfq To:tf] k|:tfj ul/Psf] xf] .Ú t/, h]–h] tuf/f v8f u/] klg bfxfns} zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] k|:tfj kfl/t x'g] atfOG5 . …h;/L k'; @ df e§/fO{sf] k|:tfj ax;df hfg lbg]u/L hgljb|f]xsf] k|:tfj kf; ul/of], To;/L g} clxn] zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] k|:tfj kf; x'G5 . j}Bn] …gf]6 ckm l8;]G6 n]v]/ c;xdlt hgfpg'x'G5Ú– Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] eg] .

dxflwj]zg s'/f dfq}

j}B kIfw/n] hf/L a}7sdf dxflwj]zgsf] dfu u/]sf 5g\ . kf6L{sf ;a} ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg dxflwj]zgaf6} vf]Hg'kg]{ ts{ pgLx¿sf] 5 . t/, of] ts{nfO{ dfcf]jfbLleq Tolt dxŒjsf ;fy lnOPsf] 5}g . dfcf]jfbLleq dxflwj]zgnfO{ cfkm\gf] …nfOgÚ kfl/t gePkl5 p7fpg] ljifosf ¿kdf dfq lng] ul/Psf] atfOG5 . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …lxhf] cfkm\gf] nfOg kf; gx'“bf e§/fO{n] dxflwj]zg dfu u/] t/ j}B af]n]gg\, clxn] cfkm\gf] nfOg kf; gx'g] ePkl5 j}Bn] dfu u/]sf x'g\ .Ú dxflwj]zgh:tf] kf6L{ hLjgsf] dxŒjk"0f{ kIfnfO{ o;/L xNsf ¿kdf lng'n] klg dxflwj]zgsf s'/f …s'/fÚdfq x'g] a'lemPsf] 5 .

dGqL klg g6'ª\lug]

crDd t s] eg] h'g ljjfbn] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ of] ;dLs/0fsf] cj:yf;Dd NofOk'¥ofof], Tof] ljifodf of] a}7sdf s'/f;Dd ePsf] 5}g / x'g] 5f“6sf“6 klg gePsf] atfOG5 . dGqLsf] gfd af/]sf] 5nkmnn] g} dfcf]jfbLnfO{ of] 7fp“df NofPsf] xf], t/ o;af/] of] a}7s df}g /x]sf] atfOG5 . Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:osf cg';f/ a}7s Ps÷b'O{ lbgd} ;lsg]5, t/ dGqLsf] gfddf 5nkmn x'g] ;Defjgf 5}g . kf6L{leq km]l/“bf] ;dLs/0f / ;ª\3if{sf] of] ¿kn] ;/sf/df cfkm\gf] k"0f{ pkl:ylt hgfpgdf klg dfcf]jfbLnfO{ dxfef/t kg]{ lglZrt 5 . zflGt / ;+ljwfg t w]/} k/]sf] s'/f . o;}aLr a}7sdf k|:t't b'O{ k|ltj]bgdfly s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿n] af]Ng] qmd lxhf] ;lsPsf] 5 . s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿n] p7fPsf k|Zgx¿sf] hjfkm cfhsf] a}7sdf k|ltj]bg k|:t'tstf{ bfxfn / j}Bn] hjfkm lbg] a'lemPsf] 5 .


b]pjfnfO{ bnsf] g]tf agfpg] ;xdlt

sf7df8f}“ . dlxgf}“b]lv yftL /x]sf] kbflwsf/L dgf]gog ljjfb PsfPs ;lN6Pkl5 sfª\u|];sf g]tfx¿aLr ePsf] uf]Ko ;xdltsf af/]df clxn] rrf{ x'g yfn]sf] 5 . ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfaf6 /fdrGb| kf}8]nnfO{ x6fP/ z]/axfb'/ b]pjfnfO{ agfpg] ;xdlt ePkl5 pk;efkltdf kf}8]n / dxfdGqLdf s[i0fk|;fb l;6f}nfsf] gfd cg'df]bg ePsf] 5 .

o;sf nflu b]pjf kIfn] sf]O/fnf kIf;“u nfdf] s'/fsfgL u/]sf] lyof] . s'/fsfgLdf ;xefuL Ps g]tfn] a'waf/nfO{ atfP cg';f/, sf]O/fnf :jod\n] u/]sf] k|:tfjaf6 lkmtf{ eP/ cfkm" sdhf]/ ePsf] ;Gb]z lbg] jf gof“ ;xdlt ug]{ eGg] ljsNk cl3 ;f/]kl5 sf]O/fnf bf];|f]df ;xdt ePsf lyP . pgn] eg]– …kf6L{ ;a}sf] ;femf xf] . z]/axfb'/hLn] klg 7"nf] lx:;fsf] k|ltlglwTj ug'{x'G5 . o:tf] a]nfdf pxf“nfO{ s'g} klg kb lbg] xf]Og eg] ufx|f] x'G5 eGg]df ;efklthL klg ;xdt x'g'ePsf] 5 .Ú

!& k6s;Dd k|wfgdGqLsf] lgjf{rg n8\bf klg kf}8]n ;kmn gePsf sf/0f ca bnsf] g]tf x6fp“bf sf]O/fnfnfO{ s'g} cK7]/f] gkg]{ ts{ pgLx¿n] u/]sf lyP . …kf6L{df d]nldnfksf ;fy hfg] xf] eg] o;eGbf csf]{ ljsNk 5}gÚ– e]6df ePsf] s'/fsfgL p4[t ub}{ pgn] eg]– …af“sL kbflwsf/L -;xdxfdGqL_, s]Gb|Lo ljefu / sfo{;Dkfbg ;ldltdf ;Ddfghgs x}l;ot agfpg] klg ;xdlt ePsf] 5 .Ú sf]O/fnf / b]pjf ;d"xaLr ;xdlt ePkl5 kf“r dlxgf nfdf] kbflwsf/L dgf]gog ljjfb gf6sLo ¿kdf ;lsPsf] lyof] .

tLg k6s k|wfgdGqL eO;s]sf b]pjf b'O{ jif{cl3 ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf / cf7 dlxgfcl3 kf6L{ ;efkltdf k/flht ePkl5 kbLo x}l;otdf 5}gg\ . kf6L{df vf;} ks8 gePsf kf}8]n eg] sf]O/fnfsf] ;dy{gdf bnsf] g]tf 5g\ eg] clxn] pk;efklt dgf]gLt ePsf 5g\ . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, bnsf] g]tf x6fpg] 5gs lbP klg clxn];Dd pgnfO{ s;}n] klg To; s'/fsf] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5}g .

s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf ;xdlt x'gf;fy zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf nflu hfu/0f cleofg eGb} sf]O/fnf, b]pjfnufotsf g]tfx¿ Ps;fy kf]v/f k'u]sf lyP .


kqsf/ dxf;ª\3df sf]–sf]<

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] csf]{ ;ftf x'g] lgjf{rgsf nflu kqsf/ g]tfx¿ d}bfgdf plqg yfn]sf 5g\ . ;femf jfkdGyL pDd]bjf/sf ¿kdf ;efkltdf lzj ufp“n] Ps dlxgfcl3b]lv d}bfgdf plqP klg pgn] clxn];Dd k|lt:kwL{ kfpg ;s]sf 5}gg\ .

sfª\u|];lgs6 k|]; o'lgogn] clxn];Dd pDd]bjf/ rog ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g . jl/i7 kqsf/x¿n] s]bf/ sf]O/fnf / ;+:yfkg lgs6x¿n] kf]if0f s];Lsf] gfd cl3 ;f/]kl5 pgLx¿df ljjfb emfª\luPsf] 5 . tLg ;ftfcl3 o'lgogsf] g]t[Tjdf cfPsf ls/0f kf]v/]nsf] l6dnfO{ clxn] ldnfpg xDd]xDd] k/]sf] 5 . cGo ;ª\u7gsf nflu ;xsfo{sf nflu s'/f ug{;d]t oxL sf/0fn] o'lgogn] g;ls/x]sf] Ps g]tfn] atfP .

ptf, k|]; rf}tf/L / qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;ª\3aLr eg] sl/a–sl/a ;xdlt ag]sf] 5 . cWoIf, pkfWoIf / sf]iffWoIfdf rf}tf/Ln] pDd]bjf/ p7fpg] / dxf;lrj / ;lrjdf qmflGtsf/Ln] p7fpg] ;xdlt ePsf] qmflGtsf/Lsf Ps g]tfn] atfP . pgsf cg';f/, qmflGtsf/Ln] dxf;lrjdf cf]d zdf{ / ;lrjdf rGb|dfg >]i7sf] lg0f{o ul/;s]sf] 5 eg] k"j{af6 hgsClif /fO{, klZrdf~rnaf6 ?b| e§, dWoklZrdaf6 k|eft rnfpg], pkTosfaf6 bfdf]b/ ltlD;gf / hghfltaf6 /fh' nfdfnfO{ pDd]bjf/ agfp“b}5 .

otf, rf}tf/Ln] eg] af“sL pDd]bjf/ to ug{sf nflu ef]ln b'O{ ah] s]Gb|Lo ;lrjfnosf] a}7s af]nfPsf] 5 . cWoIf uug lji6sf cg';f/, oxL a}7sn] pkfWoIf, sf]iffWoIf;lxt ;a} s]Gb|Lo ;b:osf pDd]bjf/x¿sf] ;d]t 6'ª\uf] nufpg]5 . rf}tf/Ln] ljsf; If]qaf6 p7fpg] pDd]bjf/ to ug{ ;DalGwt If]qsf pkfWoIfsf] ;+of]hsTjdf u7g u/]sf] ;+oGqn] If]qaf6 p7\g] pDd]bjf/x¿sf] gfd l;kmfl/; u/]sf] 5 . k"jf{~rnaf6 df]xgsfhL Gof}kfg], l;4/fh /fO{ / dgf]x/ kf]v/]n, dWodf~rnaf6 dx]z bf;, k|tfk lji6, lr/~hLjL df:s], s[i0f lu/L / k|]d aflgof“, klZrdf~rnaf6 df]xg rfkfufO{+, gj/fh ;'j]bL / xl/gf/fo0f uf}td, dWoklZrdf~rnaf6 ;"o{dl0f uf}td, ?b| v8\sf, z/b clwsf/L, gf/fo0f zfx / l8NnL aL;L tyf ;'b"/klZrdaf6 lbnaxfb'/ 5GTofn, k|sfz zfx, o'j/fh l3ld/], xl/ hf]zL / /fh]Gb| gfysf] gfd l;kmfl/; ePsf] rf}tf/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .

qmflGtsf/L;“u ;xdlt ePdf rf}tf/Ln] ;'b"/klZrdf~rn / dWofdf~rnaf6 b'O{÷b'O{ / cGoaf6 Ps÷Ps pDd]bjf/ p7fpg] atfOPsf] 5 . o;}u/L, pkTosfsf b'O{ l;6df bLks kf08] / /fdxl/ l;njfndWo] Ps / k|lti7fg zfvfsf b'O{ l;6df dft[sf kf}8]n, afns[i0f a:g]t / ;'/h cfrfo{dWo] b'O{ pDd]bjf/ x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . To;}u/L, dlxnfdf b'uf{ e08f/L, l6sf lji6, kjgjiff{ zfx, blntdf lgzf ljZjsdf{, hghfltdf lvd 3n], s0ff{nLaf6 gj/fh dxtf/fnufotsf] rrf{ 5 .

pkfWoIf / sf]iffWoIfsf nflu rf}tf/Ldf k|df]b bfxfn, u0f]z a:g]t, ozf]bf ltlD;gf, zLtn zfx, k'0o kf}8]n, hgs g]kfn, lji0f' l5d]sLnufotsf gfddf 5nkmn eO/x]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . v]d e08f/Lnufotsf cu'jfx¿;“u klg s;/L cl3 a9\g] eGg]af/]df rf}tf/Ln] 5nkmn ul//x]sf] / ;a} kbdf ;j{;Ddt pDd]bjf/ rog ug]{ cWoIf lji6n] atfP .

ptf, o'lgogdf jl/i7 hlt ;a} s]bf/ sf]O/fnfsf] kIfdf plePkl5 kf]if0f s];L ;ª\s6df k/]sf 5g\ . ;'zLn sf]O/fnfsf] lhNnfjf;L ePsf sf/0f l6s6 kfpg]df 9'Ss b]lvP klg ;'/]z cfrfo{, k|tLs k|wfg, lji0f' lgi7'/L, k|Nxfb l/hfn, b]jk|sfz lqkf7L, d'/f/L zdf{, s'nrGb| jfUn]nufotsf al/i7x¿ ljkIfdf pleg] ePkl5 pgL cfkm}“ pDd]bjf/ aGg xlRsPsf 5g\ . pkfWoIfdf /d]z lji6 / a[hs'df/ ofbj, dxf;lrj /fdhL zdf{ / an/fd aflgof“, ;lrjdf hut g]kfn / /fhg s'O+{s]n, sf]iffWoIfdf k|]d s];L / gf/fo0f cd[tn] pDd]bjf/L 3f]if0ff u/]sf 5g\ .

oxL !& ut] pDd]bjf/L btf{ ug]{ / @! ut] dtbfg ug]{ sfo{qmd to ul/Psf] 5 . @# cf}“ dxflwj]zgsf] pb\3f6g @) ut] k|1f k|lti7fgdf k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnn] ub}{ x'g'x'G5 . dxflwj]zgdf ! xhf/ # ;o #) k|ltlglw 5g\ . clxn];Dd sfª\u|];lg6s kqsf/x¿n] lhTb} cfPsf] dxf;ª\3df o; k6s ljho xfl;n ug{sf nflu jfkdGyL kqsf/x¿ sl:;P/ nfu]sf 5g\ . ;fgf jfdnufot ;a}nfO{ ;d]6]/ pgLx¿n] Pp6} df]rf{ agfpg], ;dfj]zL l6d tof/ ug]{, k];fut d'2fnfO{ k|fyldstf lbg] / dxf;ª\3nfO{ ;femf df]rf{ agfpg] 3f]if0ff;lxt pgLx¿ d}bfgdf plqg nfu]sf] atfOG5 . o;f] ePdf lzj ufp“n]sf] g]t[Tjdf /x]sf] l6dn] ljho xfl;n ug]{ jl/i7 kqsf/x¿ atfp“5g\ .


k|d ef/t hfg]

sf7df8f}“ . k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnsf] ef/t e|d0fsf nflu k//fi6« dGqfno tof/Ldf h'6]sf] 5 . ef/tLo pRr clwsf/Laf6 b'O{ k6s e|d0fsf] lgDtf kfO;Sg'ePsf k|wfgdGqL vgfnsf] e|d0fsf] rf“hfkf“hf] ldnfpg k//fi6« ;lrj 8f= dbgs'df/ e§/fO{ clxn] lbNnLdf e]63f6df Jo:t x'g'x'G5 .

k|wfgdGqL lgjf{lrt x'gf;fy ef/tLo ;dsIfL 8f= dgdf]xg l;+xn] kmf]g u/]/} cf}krfl/s ef/t e|d0fsf nflu lgDtf] lbPsf lyP . To:t}, ut ;ftf g]kfn e|d0fdf cfPsf ljb]zdGqL P;Pd s[i0ffn] ;d]t k|wfgdGqL l;+xsf] tkm{af6 ef/t e|d0fsf] lgDtf] lbPsf lyP . g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf b]vfk/]sf] pynk'yn / hl6ntf s]xL dTy/ ePkl5 dfq ljb]z e|d0fdf lg:sg] ;f]r agfpg'ePsf k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] cfufdL h]7 dlxgfleq} ef/tsf] e|d0f ug]{ u/L tof/L eO/x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 .

cfkm" k|wfgdGqL x'gf;fy ;Qf ;fem]bf/ bn dfcf]jfbLsf g]tfaf6 cfPsf cleJolQmaf6 ef/t lrl9Psf] ljZn]if0f ul/“b} cfPsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ hlxn] klg zª\sfsf] 3]/fdf /fVb} cfPsf] ef/tn] tL cleJolQm kl5 dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnsf] e|d0fnfO{ ;d]t /f]s]sf] ;dfrf/ ;fj{hlgs ePsf] lyof] . dfcf]jfbL g]tfsf cleJolQmaf6 lrl9Psf] ef/t;“u cfkm\gf] ;/sf/sf] ;DaGwaf/] k|:6\ofpg klg rf“8f] ef/t hfg'kg]{ lgisif{df k|wfgdGqL

vgfn k'Ug'ePsf] afn'jf6f/ ;|f]tn] atfof] . l5d]sL d'n's;“usf] ;DaGw dfq xf]Og, ;du| k//fi6« gLltaf/] /fd|f] bSvn /fVg'x'g] k|wfgdGqL vgfn dfcf]jfbL g]tfsf h:tf sRrf cleJolQmk|lt ;d]t c;Gt'i6 x'g'x'G5 . k|wfgdGqL vgfnsf] ef/t e|d0fsf] tof/Lsf nflu lbNnL k'Ug'ePsf k//fi6« ;lrj e§/fO{n] Toxf“ cfkm\gf ;dsIfL lg?kdf /fj, ljb]zdGqL s[i0ff, k|wfgdGqLsf ;'/Iff ;Nnfxsf/ lzjz+s/ d]gg;“u e]6 ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 . tL e]63f6kl5 dfq e|d0fsf] ldlt 6'ª\UofOg] a'lemPsf] 5 .

t/, cfufdL j}zfv @& ut]b]lv 6sL{sf] e|d0f ug]{ / h]7sf] klxnf] xKtf ah]6 k]; ug'{kg]{ ePsfn] h]7sf] clGtd ;ftflt/ ef/t e|d0fsf] ldlt to ul/g] ;|f]tn] atfof] . Tolt dfq xf]Og, clxn] dlGqd08nn] k"0f{tf gkfPsf] cj:yfnfO{ ;d]t Vofn ub}{ e|d0fsf] ldlt cln k/ ws]Ng nfluPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . of] tof/Ln] klg k|wfgdGqL ;a}eGbf klxnf] ljb]z e|d0f ef/td} ug{ OR5's /x]sf] a'lemG5 .

oBlk, j}zfv @& af6 6sL{df x'g] cltsd ljsl;t b]zsf] lzv/ ;Dd]ngdf pxf“ ;xefuL x'g'x'g]5 . t/, of] ljb]z dfldnfaf/] w]/} dxŒj /fVg] /fi6« xf]Og . g]kfnsf] cfGtl/s /fhgLltdf ;d]t ljz]if dxŒj /fVg] /fi6«x¿leq eg] pxf“n] ug]{ klxnf] ljb]z e|d0f ef/t g} x'g] bfaL ;|f]tsf] 5 . olta]nf k//fi6« dGqfnosf] lhDd]jf/L;d]t k|wfgdGqL :jod\n] ;Dxfln/xg'ePsfn] pxf“ cfkm}“n] ef/t e|d0fsf] rf“hf]kf“hf] ldnfpgsf nflu k//fi6«nfO{ cx|fpg'ePsf] lyof] .


:ylut a}7s clglZrt

sf7df8f}“ . nf]stflGqs dw];L ;ª\u7gsf] /fli6«o dxflwj]zgsf sf/0f :ylut ul/Psf] g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7s km]l/ slxn] a:g] eGg] csf]{ 6'ª\uf] nfu]sf] 5}g . t/, zLif{ g]tfx¿ pkl:yt x'g'kg]{ k"j{lgwf{l/t sfo{qmdnfO{ c;/ gkg]{ u/L hlt;Sbf] rf“8f] a}7s 8fSg] ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnLn] atfpg'eof] .

a}7s :ylut ePkl5 cWoIf a}7sb]lv g} efUg yfn] eGg] ;dfrf/ ;fj{hlgs ePsf lyP . kf6L{s} ;ª\u7gsf] /fli6«o ;Dd]ng k/]sf] / bh{g hlt s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Totf Jo:t x'g'k/]sfn] a}7s :ylut ug'{k/]sf] sf/0f v'nfp“bf klg unt 9ª\un] ePsf] k|rf/k|lt ;lrj 1jfnLn] cfZro{ hgfpg'eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …xfdLn] dw];L ;ª\u7gnfO{ clwj]zg ;fg{ klg cg'/f]w u¥of}“ t/ pgLx¿n] clwj]zg ldlt k6s–k6s ;fl/;lsPsf] / ca ;fg{ g;lsg] eGb} a? s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s ;fg{ cg'/f]w u/]sfn] ;f/]sf xf}“ .Ú ;ª\u7gn] kf6L{ cWoIf, dxf;lrj / cfkm" :jod\;“u a}7s ;fg{ k6sk6s cg'/f]w u/]sfn] To;f] ul/Psf] s'/f cfkm"n] atfp“bf klg afª\uf] 9ª\un] ;dfrf/ cfPsf] ;lrj 1jfnLn] k|:6 kfg'{eof] .

Pdfn]sf] s]Gb|Lo sld6Ldf /x]sf /fdrGb| emf, /3'jL/ dxf;]7, 8f= j+zLw/ ld>, wd{gfyk|;fb ;fx, ;Togf/fo0f d08n, /fdrGb| ofbj, /fdlk|t kf;jfg, /fdrGb| ;fx t]nL, of]ugf/fo0f ofbj, >Lk|;fb ;fx, zq'3g dxtf], uª\ufk|;fb ofbjnufot Ps bh{g ;b:o of] ;ª\u7gdf cfa4 5g\ .

;fj{hlgs ;dfrf/k|lt cfZro{ k|s6 ub}{ 1jfnLn] a}7sb]lv efUg'kg]{ sf/0f gePsf] k|:6\ofpg'eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …dxflwj]zgaf6 lgjf{lrt cWoIf, ;+;b\af6 lgjf{lrt k|wfgdGqLh:tf] JolQm a}7saf6 efUof] eGg' cfkm}“df ckTofl/nf] s'/f xf] .Ú ut r}t clGtd ;ftf a;]sf] :yfoL ;ldltsf] a}7sn] j}zfv !$ ut] s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s af]nfpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . kf6L{sf ljefuLo lhDd]jf/L ;Dxfn]sf sltko g]tf dGqL ePsf] x'gfn] k'gM sfo{ljefhg b]lv yf“tL /x“b} cfPsf] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o dgf]gog;Ddsf a}7sdf Ph]G8f /x]sf 5g\ . tL ;a} Ph]G8fdfly Ps lbgdf 5nkmn g;lsg] / ef]lnkN6 dw];L ;ª\u7gsf] clwj]zg ;'? x'g] ePsfn] :ylut ug'{k/]sf] atfOG5 .


dw];L ;ª\u7gsf] dxflwj]zg

sf7df8f}“ . ;ª\u7gsf] cf}krfl/s 3f]if0ff ePsf] rf/ jif{kl5 ef]lnb]lv nf]stflGqs dw];L ;ª\u7gsf] k|yd /fli6«o dxflwj]zg ;'? x'“b} 5 . hgsk'/df x'g nfu]sf] dxflwj]zgsf] k|wfgdGqL tyf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] pb\3f6g ug'{x'g]5 . j}zfv !%, !^ / !& ut] x'g] dxflwj]zgsf] ;Dk"0f{ tof/L k"/f ePsf] ;ª\u7gsf dxf;lrj Pjd\ Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o 8f= j+zLw/ ld>n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . …hftLo lje]bsf] cGTo u/L dw];L klxrfg / cfTd:jfledfgnfO{ :yflkt u/f}“Ú eGg] gf/fsf ;fy x'g nfu]sf] tLglbg] dxflwj]zgsf] klxnf] lbg pb\3f6g / af“sL b'O{ lbg aGb;q x'g]5 .

pb\3f6gdf kf6L{ :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o s]kL zdf{ cf]nL klg ljlzi6 cltlysf] x}l;otdf ;xefuL x'g'x'g]5 . dxflwj]zgdf @) eGbf a9L lhNnfsf kf“r ;o k|ltlglw ;xefuL x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . aGb;qdf ;ª\u7gsf] ljwfg, /fhgLlts tyf ;fª\u7lgs k|ltj]bg

tyf ;ª\u7gn] efjL lbgdf lng] /0fgLltsf af/]df 5nkmn ub}{ gof“ g]t[Tj;d]t rog ug]{5 . ;fDk|bflos å]ifsf lj?4 ;fDk|bflos ;b\efj sfod ug]{, ljv08gsf lj?4 /fli6«o Pstfsf] kIfw/tf k|bz{g ug]{ tyf lx+;f / åGåsf lj?4 zflGt ;'/Iffsf] Joj:yf;lxt dw];Lsf] klxrfg pRr / k|ltlglwTj ;'lglZrt ug]{ p2]Zon] @)^# kmfu'g ^ ut] g]skf -Pdfn]_sf] juL{o ;ª\u7gsf ¿kdf nf]stflGqs dw];L ;ª\u7gsf] cf}krfl/s 3f]if0ff ePsf] lyof] .

pb\3f6g ;df/f]xdf emfkfb]lv s~rgk'/;Ddsf dw];L ;d'bfosf] ljzfn pkl:ylt /xg'sf ;fy} ljljw df}lns emf“sLx¿ k|:t't ul/g]5 . dxflwj]zg k|of]hgsf nflu hgsk'/sf] efg'rf]sdf sfof{no :yfkgf;d]t ul/Psf] 5 eg] /fhwfgLdf /x]sf dw];L g]tfx¿ cfh} hgsk'/ k'Ub} x'g'x'G5 .


rf/ dGqLnfO{ lgb]{zg

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ k|fs[lts ;|f]t ;fwg Joj:yfkg ljefun] kf6L{sf] g]t[Tjdf /x]sf pmhf{, l;“rfO / jg dGqLnfO{ :jfut ub}{ s'zn sfo{;Dkfbgsf nflu lgb]{zg lbPsf] 5 . ljefu ;Da4 kbflwsf/L tyf ljifo lj1x¿sf] pkl:yltdf Pdfn]n] ;/sf/ / dGqLx¿sf] sfo{sfn ;kmn kfg{ ;'emfj klg lbPsf] 5 .

sfo{qmddf pmhf{dGqL uf]s0f{ lji6, jgdGqL efg'eQm hf]zL, l;“rfO /fHodGqL bnaxfb'/ ;'gf/ / jg /fHodGqL eujtL rf}w/LnfO{ kf6L{ sfof{nod} Ps sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/L lgb]{zg lbPsf] xf] . jg If]qsf lj1, vfg]kfgL If]qsf lj1 tyf pmhf{ lj1sf] pkl:yltdf ljefun] dGqLx¿nfO{ ;'emfj lbPsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf jg pkef]Qmf dxf;ª\3 /fli6«o hn tyf l;“rfO pkef]Qmf dxf;ª\3, vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO pkef]Qmf dxf;ª\3, u|fdL0f ljB't\ pkef]Qmf dxf;ª\3, ljB't\ k|flws/0f sd{rf/L o'lgog, :jtGq pmhf{ pTyfg ;ª\3, ;fgf hnljB't\ cfof]hgfnufotsf k|ltlglwx¿n] ;'emfj lbPsf lyP .

sfo{qmddf dGqL lji6, hf]zL, ;'gf/ / rf}w/Ln] cfkm\gf] If]qdf Odfgbfl/tfsf ;fy sfd ug]{ k|lta4tf JoQm ug'{eof] . sfo{qmdsf k|d'v cltly dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] casf] d'Vo nIo pTkfbg, ljt/0f / >ddf s]lGb|t x'g'kg]{df hf]8 lbg'eof] . pxf“n] pTkfbgnfO{ ;d'Ggt u/fp“b} cufl8 a9] dfq} d'n'ssf] ;d[l4 x'g] s'/fdf hf]8 lbg'eof] . ljefusf k|d'v k|bLk g]kfnsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;lrj cfgGb kf]v/]nn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


kbk"lt{ cem} cGof]ndf

sf7df8f}“ . s]xL jif{b]lv l/Qm ePsf ;+j}wflgs lgsfosf] kbk"lt{ cem} cGof]ndf k/]sf] 5 . jiff}{+b]lv ljleGg lgsfo kbflwsf/LljxLg x'“bf hgtfsf] sfddf k|ToIf c;/ k'u]sf] 5 .

;+;b\sf] /fHo Joj:yf ;ldltn] k6s–k6s kbk"lt{ ug{ ;/sf/sf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fO;s]sf] eP klg sfof{Gjogdf eg] cfPsf] 5}g . kl5Nnf] k6s k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfns} pkl:yltdf ;DkGg ;ldltsf] a}7sn] Ps dlxgfleq tL lgsfodf kbk"lt{ ug{ lgb]{zg lbPsf] lyof] . t/, j}zfv !! ut] ;f] lgb]{zg lbPsf] Ps dlxgf k"/f eP klg lgo'lQm k|lqmof cl3 a9]sf] 5}g . x'g t k|wfgdGqL vgfn o; ljifodf uDeL/ /xg'ePsfn] o;n] l5§} ;fy{stf kfpg] atfOPsf] 5 .

ut j}zfv ^ ut] ;+j}wflgs kl/ifb\sf] a}7s 8fs]/ lgo'lQm ug]{ elgP klg ef/tLo ljb]zdGqLsf] g]kfn e|d0fn] ;f] of]hgf :ylut ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . ;+j}wflgs kl/ifb\df k|wfgdGqL, ;efd'v, k|wfgGofofwLz, ljkIfL bnsf g]tf / k|wfgdGqLn] dgf]gLt u/]sf tLg hgf dGqL ;b:o /xg] Joj:yf 5 .

clxn] clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]udf k|d'v cfo'Qm / cfo'Qm gePsfn] ;lrj eujtL sfkm\n]nfO{ lgldQ sfo{ef/ lbOPsf] 5 . nf]s;]jf cfof]u / lgjf{rg cfof]udf klg k|d'v cfo'Qm l/Qm 5 . To;}u/L, dxfn]vf k/LIfssf] lgo'lQm x'g g;Sbf Toxf“sf] sfddf ;d]t l9nfO eO/x]sf] atfOG5 .

gof“ ;/sf/ u7g;“u} /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf pkfWoIf / s]xL ;b:on] /fhLgfdf lbPsf lyP . pgLx¿sf] /fhLgfdf :jLs[t u/] klg gof“ lgo'lQm ePsf] 5}g . ;/sf/n] gof“ ah]6sf] tof/L ul//x]sf] a]nf of]hgf cfof]u kbflwsf/LljxLg aGbf gLlt lgdf{0f txd} c;/ kg{ hfg] lglZrt 5 . nf]stflGqs d'n'sdf tL lgsfox¿ nfdf] ;do l/Qm /fVbf nf]stGq alnof] gx'g] lj1x¿ atfp“5g\ . /fHo Joj:yf ;ldltsf ;efklt /fdgfy 9sfn klg ;+j}wflgs lgsfo l/Qm /fv]/ s'g} xfntdf nf]stGq alnof] gx'g] eGb} ;/sf/n] l56f]eGbf l56f] lgo'lQm k|lqmof 6'ª\Uofpg'kg]{ atfp“5g\ .


o'uk'?ifsf] ;Demgf

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfnL /fhgLltsf ;jf{lws nf]slk|o, ;Ddflgt / ljjfbd'Qm /fhg]tf Pjd\ g]kfnsf] klxnf] hglgjf{lrt sDo'lg:6 k|wfgdGqL dgdf]xg clwsf/Lsf] !@ cf}“ :d[lt lbj; b]zel/ ljleGg sfo{qmd u/L dgfOPsf] 5 .

dgdf]xg :d[lt k|lti7fgsf] cfof]hgfdf d+unaf/ ;fg]kfdf >4f~hln sfo{qmd ;DkGg eof] . k|wfgdGqL Pjd\ g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf al/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfn, g]tf s]kL cf]nL, pkfWoIf jfdb]j uf}td, dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]n, ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnL, /IffdGqL lji0f' kf}8]n, ;fdfGo k|zf;gdGqL o'j/fh sfsL{nufotsf] ;xeflutf lyof] . k|lti7fgsf cWoIf Pjd\ pkk|wfg tyf cy{dGqL e/tdf]xg clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs uf]ljGb uh'/]nn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

oxL ;Gbe{df k|wfgdGqL Pjd\ Pdfn] cWoIf vgfnn] >4f~hln JoQm hf/L ub}{ :juL{o clwsf/LnfO{ t];|f] ljZjs} Ps ;ª\3if{zLn of]4f, ;Ddflgt /fhg]tf / ;kmn k|wfgdGqLsf ¿kdf :d/0f ug'{ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] Pdfn] / l;ª\uf] g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngsf] eLid lktfdxsf ¿kdf :juL{o clwsf/LnfO{ lrlqt ug'{ePsf] 5 . vgfnn] Pdfn] g]t[Tjdf ag]sf tTsfnLg gf}dlxg] ;/sf/sf] :d/0f ub}{ eGg'ePsf] 5– …)%! ;fndf gf} dlxgf;Dd d'n'ssf] k|wfgdGqL /x“bf pxf“ s'g} ljjfbdf d'l5g'ePg / :jR5 Pjd\ lgisnª\s k|wfgdGqLsf ¿kdf ;j{lk|o x'g'eof] . xfdL pxf“n] g]t[Tj ug{'ePsf] gf}dlxg] ;/sf/ / To;n] ;'?cft u/]sf nf]slk|o sfo{qmdx¿nfO{ ljz]if ¿kdf :d/0f ul//x]sf 5f}“ . /, hgtfsf] lxt / ;'ljwfsf vflt/ tbg'¿ks} gLlt / of]hgfsf ;fy ;/sf/ ;~rfng ug{ b[9 k|oTgzLn klg 5f}“ .Ú

k|wfgdGqLn] hgqmflGtsf pknlAwx¿nfO{ ;+:yfut ug{ To;sf ;+jfxs zlQmx¿aLr Pstf / ;xsfo{sf] cfjZostfdfly hf]8 lbg'ePsf] 5 . …zflGtk"0f{ hgqmflGtsf pknlAwx¿nfO{ ;+:yfut ug{ To;sf ;+jfxs zlQmx¿aLr Pstf / ;xsfo{ cToGt h?/L x'G5 . t/, k|d'v / cGo /fhgLlts zlQmx¿aLr Pstf / ;xsfo{sf] k|oTgn] ;fy{stf kfpg ;s]sf] 5}gÚ– lj1lKtdf cufl8 elgPsf] 5– …d'n'ssf] cu|ufdL ¿kfGt/0fsf lglDt kl/jt{gsf pknlAwx¿nfO{ ;+:yfut ug{ ;Sg}k5{ . ;/sf/n] o; sfo{ef/nfO{ ch{'gb[li6sf ;fy cfTd;ft\ u/]sf] 5 . o;df d]/f] g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/n] l;ª\uf] kf6L{kª\lQm / cfd hg;d'bfosf] xflb{s ;xof]usf] ck]Iff u/]sf] 5 .Ú

emG8} 5 bzs g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] g]tfsf ¿kdf hLjg latfpg'ePsf :juL{o clwsf/L )%& sf] cfdlgjf{rgtfsf r'gfj k|rf/sf] qmddf sf7df8f}“ lgjf{rg If]q gDa/–! sf] uf]7f6f/df k'u]sf a]nf a]xf]; x'g'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“nfO{ tTsfn} lqe'jg ljZjljBfno lzIf0f c:ktfn dxf/fhu~hdf pkrf/ ubf{ub}{ j}zfv !# ut] lgwg ePsf] lyof] . o; lbgnfO{ Pdfn]hgx¿n] pxf“sf] Tofu, ;dk{0f, alnbfg / nf]slk|otfnfO{ ;Demg] / k]|/0ff lng] u5{g\ .

lj;+ !(&* ;fndf sf7df8f}“sf] nflhDkf6df a'af /fdrGb| clwsf/L / cfdf k"0f{s'df/L clwsf/Lsf] h]7f] ;'k'qsf ¿kdf hlGdg'ePsf pxf“ cWoogsf] l;nl;nfdf ef/tsf] jgf/;tkm{ nfu]b]lv g} /fhgLltdf ;lqmo x'g'ePsf] xf] . @))* ;fndf ef/tsf] sf]nsftfdf ;DkGg g]skfsf] klxnf] ;Dd]ngaf6 kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o x'g'ePsf pxf“ ))( ;fndf wg'iffsf] a6]Zj/ a}7såf/f kf6L{sf] dxf;lrj r'lgg'ePsf] lyof] . )!) ;fndf kf6gdf e"ldut ¿kdf ;DkGg kf6L{sf] klxnf] dxflwj]zgåf/f dxf;lrj r'lgg'ePsf] lyof] . nfdf] /fhgLlts ;ª\3if{sf] l;nl;nfdf clwsf/Ln] sl/a !) jif{ nfdf] s7f]/ h]n hLjg latfpg'ePsf] lyof] .

pbfQ ljrf/, ;fbf hLjg, hglk|o sfo{z}nL, lgle{stfsf kof{o, cf:yfsf w/f]x/ Pjd\ zfnLgtfsf ;u/dfyfem}“ JolQmTj ePsf c;n dfG5]nfO{ pd]/n] 8f“8f] sf6\g nfu]sf j[4j[4fx¿n] cem ljz]if ¿kdf ;lDemP .


zflGtsf] afws dfcf]jfbL

gof“ lbNnL . g]kfnsf] hf/L zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmofnfO{ b'|tt/ 9ª\un] cl3 a9fpg bafa lbg] clek|fosf ;fy ef/tJofkL k|jf;L g]kfnL cfGbf]ngsf] cleefjs ;ª\u7g— k|jf;L g]kfnL ;ª\3 ef/tsf] lbNnL /fHo ;ldltn] ut ;ftf /fhwfgL gof“ lbNnLdf zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf nflu hg;ef sfo{qmd ;DkGg u¥of] . sfo{qmd g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .

sfo{qmddf dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] g]kfnsf] o'uLg /fhgLlts kl/jt{gsf] jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ug{, o; kl/jt{gsf ;fy{s pknlAwx¿nfO{ ;+:yfut, ;+/If0f / k|of]usf] ;xh jftfj/0f l;h{gf ug{ cl3 a9]sf] hf/L zflGt k|lqmof / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] sfddf g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf] e"ldsf emg\emg\ ckl/xfo{ x'“b} cfPsf] atfpg'eof] .

ef/t k|jf;sf] kf6L{ sfdsf] cWoog / Joj:yfkgsf nflu % lbg] sfo{qmd;lxt oxf“ cfOk'Ug'ePsf dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] pk/f]Qm cleef/f k"/f x'g glbg dfcf]jfbL a]df};dL 9ª\un] nfluk/]sf] atfpg'x'“b} pxf“n] dfcf]jfbLsf] xltof/df]x nx8, slyt hgo'4sf] wª\wªLaf6 cQflnPsf] lx+;fTds dgf]u|x, ljb|f]xsf cleJolQmx¿, ;dfGt/ tyf cw{;}Go ;+/rgf, aGb'ssf] 5fofd'lg klg zflGt k|lqmofn] ult kfpg ;S5 eGg] kmh'n / a]df};dL ukm, sAhf / n'6kf6 ul/Psf] ;DklQ ;fj{hlgs ug{ grfxg] p;sf] PSnf] bDeh:tf d"ne't kIfx¿ g} clxn] zflGt k|lqmofsf nflu afws /x]sfn] zflGt k|lqmofn] k"0f{tf gkfp“bf;Dd ;+ljwfg klg aGg g;Sg] l:ylt /x]sf] k|:6 kfg'{eof] .

dfcf]jfbLnfO{ hª\unaf6 NofPsf] / sfª\u|];nfO{ kl/jt{gsf/L Ph]G8fdf Pdfn]n] g} NofPsf] ljutaf/] rrf{ ub}{ pxf“n] aflx/ xNnf lkmhfPsf]h:tf] Pdfn] s;}sf] / st}sf] klg g/x]sf] / hLjGt g/xg] 7f]s'jf ub}{ Pdfn]sf] dfu{lrq hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfbsf] ljho x'“b} uPsf] ;Gbe{df sfnfGt/df cfP/ cGo ;du| /fhgLlts zlQmx¿ l9nf]rf“8f] Pdfn] x'g] v'nf;f ug'{eof] .

sfo{qmdnfO{ Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o lemNn'k|;fb ltjf/L, ;Dks{ ;dGjo sld6L ;lrj 8f= eLid clwsf/L, s]Gb|Lo ;ª\u7g ljefu ;lrj 1fgaxfb'/ e'h]n, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:o 3gZofd sf]O/fnf, ljb]z ljefu ;b:o o'j/fh af:sf]6f / k|jf;L g]kfnL ;ª\3 ef/tsf cWoIf v]drGb| 9sfnn] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


g]kfnaf/] lbNnLdf rf;f]

gof“ lbNnL . g]kfnsf] /fhLlts Oltxf; k[i7df o'uLg kl/jt{g / o;sf] P]ltxfl;s dxŒj af]s]sf] lbg j}zfv !! ut]nfO{ ;fpy Pl;og 8fOnu cg Osf]nf]lhsn 8]df]qm];L -;fb]b_ n] g]kfnL hgtfsf] ljhof]T;jsf ¿kdf Pp6f eJo sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/L dgfPsf] 5 .

8f= /fddgf]x/ nf]lxofsf ;xofqL ;dfhjfbL g]tf h;l6S; /fh]Gb/ ;/r/sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg o; 5}6f}“ ljhof]T;j sfo{qmddf /fi6«jfbL sfª\u]|;sf dxf;lrj 8LkL lqkf7L, ;dfhjfbL kf6L{sf /fli6«o dxf;lrj a|he"if0f ltjf/L, ef/tLo sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf pkdxf;lrj ;'wfs/ /]•L, ef/tLo sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ -dfS;{jfbL_ sf sfof{no ;lrj hf]luGb/ zdf{, ;dfhjfbL g]tfåo ljho k|tfk / 8f= ;'lgnd, k|jf;L g]kfnL ;ª\3 ef/tsf cWoIf v]drGb| 9sfn / g]skf -Pdfn]_ ljb]z ljefu ;b:o o'j/fh af:sf]6fn] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

sfo{qmddf nf]stflGqs u0ftGq g]kfn :yfkgf ug]{ g]kfnL hgtfsf] hf/L k|oTgk|lt ef/tLo hgtf / ef/tdf a;f]af; ug]{ nfvf}“ k|jf;L g]kfnL ;d'bfosf] tkm{af6 km]l/ Ps k6s h'emf¿ P]Soa4tf hfx]/ ug'{sf ;fy} ;dfhdf JofKt ljifout åGå Joj:yfkg ub}{ hf/L zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ 6'ª\uf]df k'¥ofpg / ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{ hgtfn] olt 7"nf] dfqfdf hgk|ltlglwnfO{ ;+ljwfg;efdf k7fPsf] d"ne"t kIfnfO{ lsdfy{ gla;{g g]kfnL /fhgLlts bnx¿nfO{ lbNnL s]lGb|t ;|f]tn] emSemSofPsf] lyof] .

af}l4s Pjd\ k|fl1sx¿sf] ;|f]ts]Gb| dflgg] /fhwfgLsf] kl08t bLgbofn pkfWofo dfu{, cfO{6Lcf]l:yt /fh]Gb| ejg, cl86f]l/od xndf ;DkGg o; sfo{qmddf ;Qf¿9 bnsf k|ltlglwsf cltl/Qm ;Qf ;xof]uL, o;sf] k|ltkIf, zfxL 3f]if0ffdfkm{t /fhfsf] k|ToIf x:tIf]k a9]sf a]nf /fhtGqlj/f]wL df]rf{ u7g u/]/ g]kfnL hgtfsf] dgf]an a9fpg] JolQmTjx¿ / lbjª\ut g]tfåo rGb|z]v/ / x/ls;gl;+x ;'/lhtsf] kxn / g]t[Tjdf ul7t g]kfn 8]df]qm];L ;f]ln8fl/6L kmf]/d, ef/tsf dxf;lrj 8LkL lqkf7Lnufot ;dfhjfbL cfGbf]ng;“u hf]l8Psf bh{gf}“ jl/i7 JolQmTjx¿sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] .

5}6f}“ nf]stflGqs u0ftGq lbj;sf] cj;/df z'esfdgf ;Dk|]if0f ub}{ ;Daf]wg ug]{ qmddf cWoIf h;l6S; /fh]Gb/ ;/r/n] lgwf{l/t ;do;Ldf a9fP/ tLg jif{ k'¥ofp“bf klg ;+ljwfg aGg g;Sg' / ;+ljwfg aGg] Go"gtd ;xh cfwf/ tof/ ug{ g;Sg' nHhf:kb ljifo /x]sf] atfp“b} o'4df]xsf s'/f ug{ / lhDd]jf/ljxLgtfsf] cj:yf l;h{gf ub}{ s8f k]; x'g ;lhnf] x'g]nfO{ lhDd]jf/Lsf] kl/kfngf ug{ ufx|f] ePsf] xf] ls eGb} pxf“n] cfkm"k|lt Odfgbf/ aGg g;Sg]n] c¿nfO{ bf]ifL cf“vfn] x]g{ gx'g] lhls/ ug'{eof] .

;Daf]wgsf qmddf g]tf 8LkL lqkf7Ln] ljutdf ul7t g]kfnL 8]df]qm];L ;f]ln8fl/6L kmf]/d, ef/tsf] e"ldsf :d/0f u/fp“b} eGg'eof]— …;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgkl5 ul7t Joj:yflksf ;+;b\sf] Jofj:yfkg ePsf] g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] ;+/rgf t'ngfTds ¿kdf /fd|f] 5 . x/]s ;d'bfoaf6 k|ltlglwTj /x]sf] ^ ;o ! ;b:oLo ;+ljwfg;efn] Joj:yflksf–;+;b\sf] ;d]t sfd ug'{ cToGt} /fd|f] kIf xf] . o;sf] ;j{q rrf{ x'“bf klg g]kfndf o;nfO{ k|wfgdGqL r'Gg] / lu/fpg] sfo{sf lgldQ dfq a9L k|of]hgdf NofOof] .Ú

ef/tLo sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf pkdxf;lrj ;'wfs/ /]•Ln] /fhtGqnfO{ h/}b]lv pv]n]/ kmfNg] a]nf Psdgf Psl9Ssf ePsf] g]kfn / g]kfnL hgtfsf] nfda4 kª\lQmaf6 k|]l/t ePsf] Tof] If0fsf] :d/0f ub}{ clxn] bn / ;d'bfoleq} lr/f k/]sf] cj:yf ;'Gg' kbf{ cfkm\g} a'emfOsf] ljut / jt{dfgk|lt cfZro{ nfu]sf] atfp“b} o'uLg kl/jt{gsfdL g]kfnL hgtfsf] ef]6a}ª\snfO{ /fhgLlts bnx¿n] pkof]u ug{ g;Sg' cfkm“}k|lt ljZjf; gePsf] x'g ;Sg] atfpg'eof] .

ef/tLo sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ -dfS;{jfbL_ sf hf]luGb/ zdf{n] Oltxf;n] ;'Dk]sf dxŒjk"0f{ sfo{ef/x¿ lgwf{l/t ;do;Ldfleq} k"/f geP cGofGo e]ifwf/L zlQmsf] rnv]n ug{ ;Sg] vt/f a9\g] / cGttM k|ltqmflGtsf] l:ylt k}bf x'g ;Sg] atfp“b} pxf“n] of] l:ylt cfpg glbg g]kfnL ;xofqL /fhgLlts bnx¿ ;hu 5g\ / ;xhtfk"j{s sfo{ef/ cljnDa k"/f ug{ nfUg]df ljZjf; JoQm ug'{eof] .

;dfhjfbL cfGbf]ngsf cleoGtf 8f= ;'lgndn] lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] cj;fgkl5 g]kfnL sfª\u|];leqsf] g]t[Tj ;ª\s6, dfcf]jfbLsf] j}/dgl:ylt, Pdfn]leqsf] cGt/snx, dw];jfbL bnx¿sf] dw];s} ;Gbe{df p7fg ug'{kg]{ df}lns / g};lu{s ljifoj:t'sf] klg k[ys\–k[ys\ a'emfO / o;nfO{ ;Qf;fem]bf/Lsf] afu]{lgª ljGb' agfpg] cEof; cfhsf] ;d:of /x]sf] atfp“b} of] xf];, r]t / ;f]r;“u cGt/;DalGwt /x]sfn] o;af6 d'Qm /x“b} g]kfnL hgtfsf k|ltlglw /fhgLlts bnx¿ /fli6«o /fhgLlts sfo{ef/sf ;fd' plAhPsf d'2fdf / ltgsf] l5gf]kmfg] x'g] ljifout ;femf ;jfnx¿df Ps x'gkg]{ atfpg'eof] .

g]kfnsf] e"–/fhgLlts ljifodf clwsf+z ;do lk/f]lng] ;dfhjfbL cfGbf]ngsf csf{ rlr{t ufGwLjfbL bz{gaf6 k|]l/t JolQmTj ljho k|tfkn] k|r'/ ;Defjgfn] Psflt/ g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ af]nfO/x]sf] 8f]¥ofO/x]sf] / csf]{tl/ j:t'ut kl/l:ylt hl6n aGb} uO/x]sf]tkm{ ;ª\s]t ub}{ hgcfGbf]ngdf /x]sf] Jofks hg;xeflutf, x/]s ;d'bfosf] ;'lglZrt k|ltlglwTj /xg] ;+ljwfg;ef Joj:yfkgsf] tof/Lsf] cfsif{0f, ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rg, lgjf{rgkl5sf] kl/0ffdsf] ;Gt'lnt cfsf/, Joj:yflksf–;+;b\sf] ;d]t sfdsf/afxLnfO{ cfkm"n] k|]/0ff ;|f]tsf] ¿kdf lnPsf] atfpg'eof] .


;|i6f ;Ddfg ;dk{0f

lj/f6gu/ . ;|i6f, r}q–#) sf] jflif{s sfo{qmdcGtu{t lj/f6gu/ xf6vf]nfl:yt cf/f]x0f u'?s'nsf] ;'zLnf sf]O/fnf gf6s3/df ;|i6f ;Ddfg, ;|i6f cfGbf]ng;“u ;DalGwt kmf]6f], b[Zo sljtf, j[Qlrq k|bz{gL;lxt ljz]if sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . ;dfnf]rs tyf slj efg'eQm kf]v/]nsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf k|f1 tyf uhnsf/ a'“b /fgf, 8f= hª\ua rf}xfg, ;dfnf]rs blw/fh ;'j]bL tyf ;Ddflgt ;|i6fåo slj s[i0fe"if0f an, pkGof;sf/ tyf n]vs 8f= ;~hLj pk|]tLn] cfltYotf u|x0f u/]sf lyP . ;df/f]xdf k|d'v cltly efg'eQm kf]v/]nn] ;|i6f cfGbf]ngdf pNn]vgLo of]ubfg k'¥ofp“b} cfO/x]sf ;|i6fåo s[i0fe"if0f an / 8f= ;~hLj pk|]tLnfO{ ;|i6f ;Ddfg–@)^& åf/f ;Ddfg u/]sf lyP .

sfo{qmddf cf/f]x0f u'?s'nsf lgb]{zs /ª\usdL{ ;'gLn kf]v/]n tyf ;|i6f, r}q–#) sf dxf;lrj dgf]h Gof}kfg]n] ;|i6f cfGbf]ng tyf ;|i6f, r}q–#) sf ultljlwaf/] k|sfz kf/]sf lyP .

sfo{qmddf k|f1 a'“b /fgfn] ;|i6f cfGbf]ng;DaGwL dGtJo;lxt cfkm\gf] /rgf k|:t't u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf ;Ddflgt ;|i6fåo s[i0fe"if0f an / 8f= ;~hLj pk|]tLn] klg cfkm\gf] dGtJo /fv]sf lyP . ;|i6f, r}q–#) sf ;b:o /Tgdl0f g]kfnåf/f ;~rflnt ;f] sfo{qmddf ;+:yfsf ;lrj >Lafa' sfsL{n] wGojfb 1fkg u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmd ;+:yfsf cWoIf cf/Pd 8ª\uf]nsf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] bf];|f] r/0fdf ;|i6f cfGbf]ng;“u ;DalGwt j[Qlrq tyf b[Zo sljtf tyf kmf]6f] k|bz{gL ul/Psf] lyof] .


d]rL–dxfsfnL z}lIfs ;Dd]ng x'g]

sf7df8f}“ . cg]/f:jljo'n] h]7 ! ut]b]lv d]rL–dxfsfnL z}lIfs ;Dd]ngsf] cleofg ;~rfng ug]{ ePsf] 5 . b'O{ dlxgf;Dd b]zJofkL ¿kdf hf/L x'g] ;Dd]ngsf] /fhwfgLsf] /fli6«o ;efu[xaf6 pb\3f6g ul/g] sfo{qmd /x]sf] clvnsf dxf;lrj lszf]/ljqmd dNnn] atfpg'eof] .

s]xL ;dootf z}lIfs d'2fnfO{ 5f]8\b} /fhgLlts d'2fdf dfq s]Gb|lt/ /x]sf] eg]/ cf/f]k nflu/x]sf a]nf clvnn] o:tf] ;Dd]ng ug{ nfu]sf] xf] . To;sf] tof/L:j¿k cg]/f:jljo'n] k"j{ljBfyL{ g]tf / jt{dfg g]t[TjaLr z'qmaf/ cGt/lqmof sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . kb\dsGof SofDk;sf] ;u/dfyf xndf cfof]lht …z}lIfs ;Dd]ng tof/L tyf ;'emfj ;+sngÚ sfo{qmddf k"j{ljBfyL{ g]tfx¿n] cg'ejdf cfwfl/t eO{ cfkm\gf] ;'emfj k|:t't u/]sf lyP .

Pdfn] ;lrj Pjd\ clvnsf k"j{cWoIf zª\s/ kf]v/]nsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pjd\ clvnsf k"j{dxf;lrjåo efg'eQm 9sfn / uf]s'n 3tL{, k"j{ cWoIfåo lxSdt sfsL{ / /fh]Gb|s'df/ /fO{, /fhg e§/fO{ s]zj kf08], e]if/fh clwsf/L, df]xg uf}tdnufotn] ;'emfj lbg'ePsf] lyof] . clvnsf cWoIf dfwj 9'ª\u]nn] ;Dd]ngdf lzIff gLltsf af/]df k|z:t ax; tyf k}/jL ug]{ hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxf“n] ;Dd]ngnfO{ ;femf d'2f agfpg cGo ljBfyL{ ;ª\u7gx¿;“u klg 5nkmn eO/x]sf] atfpg'eof] . o; k|sf/sf] ;Dd]ng klxnf] k6s x'g yfn]sf] xf] .


pTs[i6 lhNnf sld6L 3f]if0ff

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_n] @)^& ;fnel/ ;ª\u7gfTds, j}rfl/s / hgkl/rfngsf] If]qdf pNn]Vo sfd ug]{ pTs[i6 lhNnf sld6Lsf] gfd 3f]if0ff u/]sf] 5 . sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] :yfkgf lbj;sf] cj;/ kfb}{ Pdfn]n] lat]sf] jif{ /fd|f] sfd ug]{ tLg lhNnfnfO{ k'/:s[t u/]sf] xf] .

kf“ry/ lhNnf sld6L k|yd, sf:sL bf];|f] / kj{t t];|f] ePsf 5g\ . pTs[i6 lhNnf sld6LnfO{ cfufdL h]7 # ut] dbg–cfl>t :d[lt lbj;sf] ;Gbe{ kf/L gub;lxt k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/g] sfo{qmd /x]sf] sfof{no ;lrj kz'{/fd d]3L u'?ªn] atfpg'eof] . k'/:sf/sf] /flz k|ydnfO{ %) xhf/, bf];|f]nfO{ #) xhf/ / t];|f]nfO{ @) xhf/ /x]sf] 5 .

Pdfn]n] cf7f}“ dxflwj]zgotf ;b:otf j[l4, ;b:otf gjLs/0f, hgkl/rfngsf] sfd, gjo'u u|fxs lj:tf/ cleofgnufotsf kf6L{ sfddf k'¥ofPsf] of]ubfgsf] d"Nofª\sg ub}{ pTs[i6 lhNnf sld6L gfd 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] xf] . Pdfn]n] kf6L{ sfdsf] d"Nofª\sg ub}{ o; k|sf/sf] pTs[i6 lhNnf sld6L 3f]if0ff / k'/:s[t ug]{ lg0f{o klxnf] k6s u/]sf] xf] .


pTs[i6 ;Dks{ d~r k'/:s[t

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Ln] pTs[i6 c~rn ;Dks{ sld6L / lhNnf ;Dks{ d~rx¿nfO{ k'/:s[t u/]sf] 5 . zlgaf/ aNv'df ;df/f]x cfof]hgf u/L pgLx¿nfO{ k'/:s[t ul/Psf] xf] .

@)^& ;fnel/ ;DkGg sfdsf cfwf/df d"Nofª\sg ub}{ k/:s[t ul/Psf] sld6Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . sfo{qmdnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ k|wfgdGqL tyf Pdfn] cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] ;Dks{ d~rx¿n] ;ª\s6sf] 38Ldf klg kf6L{nfO{ ;fy lb“b} cfPsf]df k|z+;f ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Lsf k|d'v ci6nIdL zfSon] k'/:s[t sld6Lsf] gfd 3f]if0ff ug'{ePsf] lyof] eg] ;lrj eLid clwsf/Ln] d"Nofª\sg k4ltsf dfkb08x¿af/] hfgsf/L u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] .

sfo{qmddf k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Lsf] q}dfl;s d'vkq …;Dks{ a'n]l6gÚ / sld6Lsf ;b:o Pjd\ n]vs lul//fh e08f/Lsf] …sDo'lg:6x¿ s] rfxG5g\ <Ú k':tssf] nf]sfk{0f ug'{ePsf] lyof] . !$ c~rn ;Dks{ sld6LdWo] u08sL klxnf], afudtL bf];|f] / gf/fo0fL t];|f] ePsf 5g\ . o;}u/L &! lhNnf ;Dks{ d~rdWo] tgx'“ klxnf], :ofª\hf bf];|f], l;Gw'nL t];|f], u'NdL rf}yf], sfe]| kf“rf}“, kj{t / df]/ª 5}6f}“, tfKn]h'ª ;ftf}“, /fd]5fk cf7f}“, c3f{vf“rL gjf}“ tyf g'jfsf]6 / sf:sL b;f}“ ePsf 5g\ . c5fd lhNnf ;Dks{ d~rn] k|f]T;fxg k'/:sf/ k|fKt u/]sf] 5 . sfo{qmddf d~rx¿sf k|d'v kb cWoIfdf lgjf{lrt dlxnfx¿nfO{ k'/:s[t ul/Psf] lyof] . To;/L k'/:s[t x'g]df d':tfª ;Dks{ d~rsf cWoIf aaL z]/rg, ;f]n'sL zf]ef y'n'ª, af“s]sL dL/f u/~hf / /f]NkfsL ;fljqL a'9f x'g'x'G5 .


sf];Lsf] z'esfdgf

sf7df8f}“ . sf];L c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Ldftxtsf 5j6f lhNnf ;Dks{ d~rx¿sf] cfof]hgfdf xfn} gj jif{ @)^* sf] pknIodf z'esfdgf cfbfg–k|bfg sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . sf];L c~rnsf df]/ª, ;'g;/L, wgs'6f, t]x|y'd, ef]hk'/ / ;+v'jf;efaf6 sf7df8f}“df cfO{ a;f]jf; ul//x]sf Pdfn] lgs6x¿aLr ePsf] a[xt\ z'esfdgf sfo{qmd g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf pkfWoIf jfdb]j uf}tdsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .

pQm sfo{qmddf ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Lsf ;+of]hs tyf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o ci6nIdL zfSo, sf];L c~rn ;dGjo sld6Lsf ;+of]hs tyf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fh]Gb| uf}td, /sd r]dhf]ª, s]Gb|Lo ;Nnfxsf/x¿ x]d/fh /fO{, uf]kfn u'/fufO{+, Ho]i7 sDo'lg:6 d~rsf ;b:o g]q uf}td, ;ef;b\ wd{ lg/f}nf, sf];L c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf vDa vqL, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:o g/]Gb| >]i7, ;ª\3Lo dfldnf ljefu ;b:o lgndz]v/ clwsf/L, k|ultzLn k|fWofks ;ª\u7gsf dxf;lrj 8f= ofbjk|sfz nfld5fg], ;b:o lji0f' dfb]gnufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] . ;'g;/L–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rsf cWoIf 8Da/ /]UdLsf] ;efkltTjdf ePsf] pQm sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng df]/8–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ cWoIf s]aL aflgof“n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . sl/a cf7 ;o hgfsf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] pQm sfo{qmddf t]x|y'd ;Dks{ d~r cWoIf /fh]z lnDa"n] :jfut ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


z'esfdgf cfbfg–k|bfg

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_sf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o;d]t /xg'ePsL gjlgo'Qm :yfgLo ljsf; dGqL pld{nf cof{nnfO{ pxf“sf] u[xlhNnfsf sfo{stf{n] /fhwfgLdf :jfut u/]sf 5g\ . k;f{–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rn] cfOtaf/ pxf“sf] ;Ddfg tyf :jfut u/]sf] xf] .

gof“ jif{ @)^* sf] pknIodf z'esfdgf cfbfgk|bfg ug]{ p2]Zon] ul/Psf] sfo{qmddf j}slNks s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fdrGb| ;fx, blnt g]tf k|e' xhf/f, ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Lsf ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf ;efklt ;fw'/fd sfsL{, c~rn sld6Lsf cWoIf gj/fh ltldlN;gf, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf ;b:o /fdxl/ l;njfn, c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf ;b:o /fdrGb| annufotn] awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf lbPsf lyP . d~rsf cWoIf b]jhª\u kl08tsf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf pkfWoIf gjLg >]i7n] :jfut efif0f ug'{ePsf] lyof] eg] ;lrj /fd k/fun] ;~rfng ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


d's]znfO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] kmf]g

sf7df8f}“ . k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnn] xfn} 6]lnkmf]g u/L )^@÷^# sf] P]ltxfl;s hgqmflGtsf lhp“bf ;lxb d's]z sfo:ysf] :jf:Yo l:yltaf/] hfgsf/L lng'ePsf] 5 .

d's]zsL cfdf dL/f sfo:y;“usf] nfdf] s'/fsfgLdf k|wfgdGqLn] cfGbf]ngdf 3fOt] x'g'ePsf of]4fx¿sf] of]ubfgnfO{ ;/sf/n] ;lDem/x]sf] / /fxt ;'ljwfsf lglDt ;f]lr/x]sf] klg atfpg'ePsf] lyof] . cfkm"n] Ps jif{cl3 d's]znfO{ 3/d} e]6]/ cj:yf a'em]sf] :d/0f u/fp“b} pxf“n] ;f]Wg'ePsf] lyof]– …clxn] :jf:Yo l:ylt s:tf] 5 / ;/sf/n] s] ;xof]u ug{'k5{ <Ú

k|To'Q/df dL/fyn] lkmlhof]y]/fkL u/fpg] qmddf 5f]/fsf] :jf:Yol:ylt s]xL /fd|f] ePsf] t/ 3/d} lkmlhof]y]/flk:6nfO{ af]nfpg'kg{] x'“bf vlr{nf] eO/x]sf] hfgsf/L u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] . ;/sf/n] To; lglDt dfl;s sl/a !) xhf/ ¿lkof“ pknAw u/fp“bf s]xL /fxt x'g] pxf“sf] cg'/f]w lyof] . k|wfgdGqLn] o;af/]df ;sf/fTds ¿kdf ljrf/ ul/g] / d's]zh:tf 3fOt] of]4fx¿sf] pkrf/ / x]/ljrf/sf] lhDdf ;/sf/sf] /x]sf] x'gfn] kl/jf/hgx¿ cfZj:t /xg klg cfu|x ug{'ePsf] lyof] .

)^@ r}t @& ut] uf]nL nfu]/ 3fOt] x'g'ePsf d's]z sfo:ysf] cem} pkrf/ eO/x]sf] 5 . k|wfgdGqLn] r}t @& ut]s} lbg pxf“sf kl/jf/nfO{ 6]lnkmf]g u/L kLl8thgnfO{ ;3fpg ;/sf/ ;w}“ tTk/ / ;“u;“u} /x]sf] pNn]v ug{'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“n] c¿ klg 3fOt] of]4fx¿sf] kL8f / ;d:of;“u ;/sf/ Psfsf/ /x]sf] atfpg'ePsf] lyof] .


Ps} 7fp“df kf“r d~r

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ af/f–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rcGtu{tsf] kf“rj6f If]qLo ;Dks{ d~r u7g ul/Psf] 5 . cfOtaf/ ePsf] e]nfn] If]qLo ;Dks{ d~rx¿ u7g u/]sf] xf] .

g]skf -Pdfn]_sf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o d's'Gb Gof}kfg]sf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf s]Gb|Lo sld6L ;b:o efg'eQm 9sfn, j}slNks s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ul/df zfx, ;ef;b\ ljef sfsL{, ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Lsf ;b:o ab|L e§/fO{, c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf gj/fh ltldlN;gf, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf ;b:o /fdxl/ l;njfnnufotn] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] .


hfh/sf]6df dxf;lrj

hfh/sf]6 . g]skf Pdfn]sf dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] pkl:yltdf hfh/sf]6sf] b'u{d kxf8L j:tLdf cfd;ef ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . If]q gDa/–! sf] :ofpnLahf/ / If]q gDa/–@ sf] ynxahf/df cfof]lht sfo{qmdnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] ha;Dd g]kfnL hgtf qf;d'Qm eP/ a:g kfp“b}gg\, ta;Dd zflGt k|lqmof 6'ª\uf]df k'Ug g;Sg] atfpg'eof] .

zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ 6'ª\uf] k'¥ofpg ;a}eGbf klxn] lxhf] lx+;fTds ljb|f]xdf nfu]sf] kf6L{n] cfkgf ;]gfnfO{ Pp6f k|lqmofdf k'¥ofpg'kg]{ kf]v/]nsf] egfO lyof] . …lxhf] pgLx¿n] af]s]sf aGb'sx¿ /fHosf] dftxtdf Nofpg'kb{5 . cfkm\gf] ;]gfnfO{ sfod} /fv]/ / xltof/nfO{ y'g]/ /fv]/ dfq} zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ 6'+Uofpg ;ls“b}g,Ú dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] eGg'eof] . lzlj/x¿df /x]sf n8fs'x¿ zflGt ;ldltdfkm{t /fHosf] clwg:y eP klg /fhgLlts ultljlwdf ;+nUg /x]sf] atfp“b} pxf“n] o:tf ultljlwx¿ cljnDa /f]lsg'kg]{ wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . …Pp6f /fHodf b'O{ j6f ;dfgfGt/ ;]gf s;/L eO/xg ;S5g\ <Ú dxf;lrj kf]v/]nsf] egfO lyof], …oL s'/fx¿sf] 6'ª\uf] gnfu];Dd zflGt k|lqmof 6'ª\lug ;Sb}g .Ú d'n's g]kfnL sfª\u|];sf] ult lnP/ cufl8 a9\g g;Sg] / dfcf]jfbLsf] dlt lnP/ klg cufl8 a9\g g;Sg] pxf“sf] ts{ lyof] . …To;}n] g]skf Pdfn] d'n'ssf] s]Gb| efudf pleP/ dlt lau|]sfx¿nfO{ ;“u} lnP/ lx“8\g'kg]{ afWotfdf /x]sf] 5,Ú pxf“n] eGg'eof] .

hfh/sf]6sf b'j} lgjf{rg If]qdf If]qLo k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ a}7ssf] pb\3f6g ;qsf] cj;/ kf/]/ ul/Psf] b'j} v'nf ;efdf kf6L{ s]Gb|Lo sld6L ;b:o Pjd\ e]/L c~rn O~rfh{ b]j/fh ef/, kf6L{ j}slNks s]Gb|Lo sld6L ;b:o Pjd\ l;“rfO /fHodGqL bnaxfb'/ ;'gf/, o'jf ;ª\3 g]kfnsf dxf;lrj lg/h cfrfo{ / ;lrjfno ;b:o Pjd\ k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v clgtf nfdf, kf6L{ lhNnf sld6Lsf cWoIf sDa/ l;+x, k"j{ lhlj; ;efklt s[i0faxfb'/ aL;L, k"j{;f+;b /Tgk|sfz zdf{, g]kfn hftLo d'lQm ;dfhsf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o gGb ljZjsdf{, cg]/f:jljo' s]Gb|Lo ;b:o gf/fo0f 3tL{nufot :yfgLo g]tfx¿n] ;d]t ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ljleGg uflj;af6 :yfgLo ;f+:s[lts emf“sL;lxtsf] gf/f / h'n'; ;efdf kl/0ft ePsf] lyof] .

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