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d'Vo ;dfrf/
 
n8fs'sf gfddf aL; ca{ vr{

;a} vr{ Ps va{

sf7df8f}“ . dfcf]jfbLsf n8fs'x¿sf] gfddf /fHosf] Ps va{eGbf a9L ?lkof“ vr{ eO;s]sf] 5 . zflGt k|lqmofdf cfPkl5sf] rf/ jif{sf] cjlwdf ;/sf/n] l;w} n8fs'sf nflu @) ca{ ?lkof“ vr{ ul/;s]sf] 5 eg] emG8} *) ca{ ?lkof“ n8fs' Joj:yfkg / zflGt k|lqmof;“u uf“l;Psf sfddf vr{ ePsf] 5 . )^# d+l;/df a[xt\ zflGt ;Demf}tfdf x:tfIf/ ePcg'¿k dfcf]jfbL n8fs' / xltof/ /fVg lzlj/ lgdf{0f ubf{ dfq !! s/f]8 ^* nfv !$ xhf/ ^ ;o vr{ ePsf] lyof] .

zflGt tyf k'gMlgdf{0f dGqfnosf cg';f/, ;f] dGqfno cGtu{taf6 agfOPsf tL lzlj/ dd{t ;Def/ tyf ljljw zLif{sdf dfq clxn];Dd % ca{ ^) s/f]8 &! nfv * ;o vr{ eO;s]sf] 5 . o; zLif{sdf dfl;s !! s/f]8 ^* nfv !$ xhf/ ^ ;osf] b/n] rf/ jif{df Tolt vr{ ePsf] xf] . b]ze/ clxn] & d'Vo / @! ;xfos u/L @* j6f lzlj/df !( xhf/ % ;o eGbf a9L n8fs' a:b} cfPsf 5g\ .

dGqfnosf cg';f/, lzlj/df yGSofOPsf xltof/sf] cg'udg ug]{ sfof{nosf gfddf dfq clxn];Dd ! ca{ $& s/f]8 (^ nfv !! xhf/ $ ;o %) ?lkof“ vr{ eO;s]sf] 5 . of] zLif{sdf dfl;s # s/f]8 * nfv @% xhf/ @ ;o #* x'g] u/]sf] 5, h'g Ps jif{df #^ s/f]8 (( nfv @ xhf/ * ;o ^@ x'G5 . To:t}, xltof/ cg'udgstf{sf] tna vr{df /fHon] rf/ jif{df ! ca{ ( s/f]8 @( nfv ** xhf/ * ;o %) ?lkof“ vr{ ul/;s]sf] 5 . o; zLif{sdf dfl;s @ s/f]8 @& nfv &) xhf/ ^ ;o ! ?lkof“ vr{ x'G5, h'g jflif{s @& s/f]8 #@ nfv $& xhf/ @ ;o !@ ?lkof“sf b/n] vr{ x'g] u/]sf] dGqfnon] hgfPsf] 5 . /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o cg'udgstf{sf gfddf Tof] /sd vr{ ePsf] xf] . ljutdf ;+o'Qm /fi6«;ª\3Lo ld;g cgldgn] xltof/ cg'udgsf] sfd u/]sf] eP klg ut d+l;/df cgldg lkmtf{ ePkl5 g]kfn ;/sf/n] g} Tof] sfd ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . clxn] @* j6f lzlj/df g]kfnL ;]gf, g]kfn k|x/L, ;z:q k|x/L, dfcf]jfbL sdfG8/ / lghfdtL ;]jfsf u/L tLg ;o @) hgf cg'udgstf{ vl6Psf 5g\ .

n8fs'x¿sf] ef]hgdf @ ca{ *@ s/f]8 @^ nfv ** xhf/ ?lkof“ vr{ ePsf] 5 . !( xhf/ n8fs'nfO{ vfgf / vfhfsf nflu dfq dfl;s % s/f]8 ** nfv ^ xhf/ / jflif{s &) s/f]8 %^ nfv &@ xhf/ vr{ x'g] u/]sf] 5 . n8fs'sf] tnadf dfq rf/ jif{df /fHosf] $ ca{ &) s/f]8 $$ nfv *) xhf/ :jfxf eO;s]sf] 5 . ;/sf/n] of]Uo elgPsf !( xhf/ n8fs'nfO{ dfl;s ( s/f]8 *) nfv !) xhf/sf b/n] jif{sf] ! ca{ !& s/f]8 ^! nfv @) xhf/ ?lkof“ k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . n8fs'x¿s} :jf:Yo tyf ljljw vr{ zLif{sdf dfl;s ( s/f]8 #@ nfv % ;o #& ?lkof“ / jif{sf] ! ca{ !! s/f]8 (! nfv @ xhf/ * ;o &* ?lkof“sf b/n] clxn];Dd $ ca{ $& s/f]8 ^$ nfv !! xhf/ % ;o !@ ?lkof“ vr{ eO;s]sf] 5 .

To;afx]s klg zflGt k|lqmof;“u hf]l8Psf cGo sfdsf nflu x'g] vr{ c;Lldt 5 . zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ 6'ª\uf]df k'¥ofpgs} nflu gof“ v8f ul/Psf] zflGt tyf k'gMlgdf{0f dGqfnon] rf/ jif{df u/]sf] vr{sf] olsg ljj/0f 5}g . To:t}, k|wfgdGqLsf] ;+of]hsTjdf ul7t ljz]if ;ldltsf] vr{, ljz]if ;ldltcGtu{tsf] klxn]sf] k|fljlws ;ldlt / clxn] cGt/f{li6«o ;Dd]ng s]Gb|leq :yflkt ;lrjfnosf] vr{, ;lxbsf gfddf lx+;fTds åGådf dfl/Psfx¿nfO{ af“l8Psf] vr{, åGådf 3fOt] / ckfª\u ePsfx¿nfO{ af“l8Psf] vr{, ;dfof]hg / k'gM:yfkgfsf ljifodf rf/ jif{sf] cjlwdf ePsf ;of}“ jftf{ tyf ;df/f]xdf ePsf] vr{, zflGt k|lqmofs} nflu cGo /fli6«o cGt/f{li6«o ;ª\3 ;+:yfn] u/]sf] vr{ cflb zLif{sdf dfq} *) ca{eGbf a9L /sd vr{ eO;s]sf] dGqfno ;|f]tn] atfof] .

!@ va{ /sd vr{ eO;Sbf klg zflGt k|lqmofsf] sfdn] 7f]; ult lng ;s]sf] 5}g . #% xhf/ elgPsf n8fs' k|df0fLs/0f u/]/ cof]Uo n8fs'nfO{ lzlj/af6 x6fpg] / tL lzlj/nfO{ ljz]if ;ldltdftxt Nofpg]afx]ssf] sfd ePsf] 5}g . n8fs'sf gfddf ePsf] va{ ?lkof“ ljt/0fsf] s]xL lx:;f dfpm kf6L{ dfcf]jfbLn] kfpg] ePsfn] klg zflGt k|lqmof / n8fs' ;dfof]hgdf dfcf]jfbL tTk/ gePsf] k|:6 a'em\g ;lsG5 .

kf6L{nfO{ slt <

/fHon] clxn] dfcf]jfbLsf !( xhf/ % ;o && n8fs'sf nflu dfl;s % xhf/ ?lkof“sf b/n] tna pknAw u/fp“b} cfPsf] 5 . To;afx]s vfhf / eQfsf] vr{ klg 5'§} lbg] u/]sf] 5 . n8fs'n] k|fKt tnadWo] kf6L{n] Ps hgf n8fs'af6 dfl;s @ xhf/ lng] u5{ . To;dWo] ! xhf/ l;w} n]aLsf gfddf kf6L{ d'Vofnodf a'emfpg] ul/Psf] 5 eg] af“sL yk Ps xhf/ hgd'lQm v]ns'b Sna, ;f+:s[lts d~r cflbsf gfddf a'emfpg] ul/Psf] 5 . n8fs'n] k|ltJolQm Ps xhf/sf b/n] a'emfpg] n]aLaf6 dfq kf6L{n] dlxgfsf] ! s/f]8 (% nfv && xhf/ ?lkof“ k|fKt u5{ . rf/ jif{sf] cjlwdf n8fs'sf] gfdaf6 kf6L{n] (# s/f]8 (^ nfv (^ xhf/ ?lkof“ a'lem;s]sf] dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tn] atfof] .

:d/0f/xf];\, dfcf]jfbL ljZjs} 7"nf] wgLkf6L{leq ulgG5 . p;n] olb zflGt ;Demf}tfdf ePsf] ;xdlt / cGtl/d ;+ljwfgdf ePsf] Joj:yfcg';f/ ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg ePsf] 5 dlxgfleq n8fs' ;dfof]hg u/]sf] eP clxn] ePsf] vr{dWo] Ps ltxfO klg vr{ x'g] lyPg / dfcf]jfbLn] ;d]t cfkm\gf] sf]ifdf Tolt w]/} /sd hDdf ug{ kfpg] lyPg . /sds} nflu ;d]t dfcf]jfbLn] ;dfof]hg tyf k'gM:yfkgf k|lqmof nDAofO/x]sf] cf/f]k k"0f{tM c;To gePsf] o; tYofª\sn] b]vfp“5 .

xfn;Ddsf] vr{

lzlj/ :yfkgf – !!,^*,!$,^))

dd{t ;Def/ tyf ljljw – %,^),&!,)),*))

xltof/ cg'udg sfof{no – !,$&,(^,!!,$%)

xltof/ cg'udgstf{ – !,)(,@(,**,*%)

n8fs' tna – $,&),$$,*),))

n8fs' ef]hg – @,*@,@^,**,))

n8fs' :jf:Yo / ljljw – $,$&,^$,!!,%!@

hDdf – @),#),)),(%,@!@


k|dsf] /fhLgfdfkl5 dfq} a}7s

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] :ylut a}7s ;fpg @( ut] !! ah] a:g] ePsf] 5 . cWoIf emngfy vgfnsf] c:j:ytfsf sf/0f @! ut] a;]/ @$ ut] a:g] u/L ePsf] pQm a}7s k|wfgdGqLn] /fhLgfdf lbg] elgPsf] ldltsf] ef]lnkN6sf nflu af]nfOPsf] xf] .

;fpg !& ut] a;]sf] :yfoL ;ldlt a}7sn] dfcf]jfbLaf6 k|:tfljt dGqLnfO{ zky gu/fpg u/]sf] lg0f{oljk/Lt k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] zky u/fPkl5 kf6L{leq pxf“sf] tLj| cfnf]rgf x'“b} cfPsf] 5 . :yfoLsf] lg0f{olj?4 dGqLsf] zky u/fP/ pxf“n] ToxL ;f“em k|wfgdGqLlgjf; afn'jf6f/df kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/L zflGt k|lqmof, n8fs' ;dfof]hg / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] lbzfdf 7f]; sfd geP @* ut] /fhLgfdf lbg] ;fj{hlgs ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

;f]xL lbg ck/fx\g kf6L{ sfof{no aNv'df a;]sf] :yfoL sld6L a}7ssf] lg0f{odf x:tfIf/ g} gu/L pxf“ dGqL zkysf nflu /fi6«kltlgjf; hfg'ePsf] lyof] . hals, ToxL a}7sn] @! ut] s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s 8fs]sf] lyof] . @! ut] a;]sf] s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7sdf cWoIf vgfnn] :yfoL a}7sdf b]vfpg'ePsf] u}/lhDd]jf/ sbdk|lt rsf]{ vKsL vfg'k/]sf] lyof] . sltko ;b:ox¿n] sld6Lsf] lg0f{o gdfGg] / a}7s g} 5f8]/ lx“8\g] g]tfsf] cWoIftfdf a}7s g} a:g gx'g] ;d]t eg]sf lyP . kf6L{leq b]vfk/]sf] of] ;ª\s6nfO{ v's'nf] u/L lgsf; lbgs} nflu a}7s

@( ut] af]nfOPsf] atfOG5 . cWoIf vgfn, dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]n, jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfn / s]kL cf]nLnufotsf g]tfx¿;“u ;Nnfx u/]/} a}7s ldlt tf]lsPsf] ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnLn] atfpg'eof] .

Pdfn]n] a}7ssf nflu tf]s]sf] gof“ ldltn] klg @* ut] k|wfgdGqLsf] /fhLgfdf cfpg] s'/fnfO{ lglZrt u/]sf] 5 . Pdfn] ;|f]tn] eGof]– …o;aLrdf dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] s'g} gof“ / cfsif{s pkxf/ of]hgf NofP/ cfn6fn u/fpg ;kmn ePgg\ eg] ca k|wfgdGqL;d]t /x]/ cWoIf vgfnn] kf6L{sf] s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] cWoIftf ug'{x'g] 5}g .Ú

3f]if0ffn] emg} eb|uf]n

lglZrt ldlt tf]s]/ k|wfgdGqLn] klxNo} /fhLgfdf lbg] 3f]if0ffn] k|zf;lgs ;+oGqnfO{ eg] lkmtnf] agfPsf] 5 . olb k|wfgdGqLn] tf]s]s} ldltdf /fhLgfdf lbg] Odfgbf/L b]vfPdf g]kfnsf] ;+;bLo /fhgLlt Oltxf;df klxNo} 3f]if0ff u/]/ /fhLgfdf ug]{ vgfn ;DejtM klxnf] k|wfgdGqL x'g'x'g]5 . sfd ug{ c;xh cj:yf x'gf;fy k|wfgdGqLn] ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf efvf g/fvL /fhLgfdf lbg] u/]sf] kfOG5 . /, Tof] ljlw g} k|zf;lgs ;+oGqsf nflu pQd klg dflgG5 . klxNo} 3f]if0ff ubf{ ;Dk"0f{ sd{rf/Lsf] dgf]lj1fgdf ;d]t c;/ kg]{ atfOG5 . of] 3f]if0ffkl5 klg sd{rf/Ln] …ef]ln hfg] t xf] lgÚ eGb} dGqLsf cfb]z c6]/ u/]sf 5g\ .


/fhLgfdf cfpg] ljZjf; 5

O{Zj/ kf]v/]n– dxf;lrj, Pdfn]

) a}7s Ps}rf]6L @( ut] lsg ;fg'{eof] <

– cWoIfsf] :jf:Yosf sf/0fn] g} xf] . pxf“l;t k/fdz{ u/]/ @( ut]sf nflu ;f/]sf xf}“ .

) cWoIfnfO{ Hj/f] cfPsf] 5 . t/, kf6L{leqsf] /fhgLlts Hj/f] emg\ s8f ePsfn] a}7s k/ ws]lnPsf] xf] elgG5 lg <

– Pdfn]leq olta]nf u}/d'2fx¿ d'2f ag]/ k|s6 ePsf 5g\ . dfcf]jfbLaf6 k|:tfljt dGqLx¿nfO{ h'g kl/k]|Io, ;Gbe{ jf k[i7e"lddf zky u/fOof], Tof] jf:tjdf s'g} 7"nf] d'2f xf]Og . t/, h;/L kf6L{leq 5nkmnsf] ljifo aGof]÷agfOof] / Pp6f ;Gbe{;lxt lg0f{o eof], To;nfO{ a]jf:tf ul/of] . :yfoL sld6Lsf] 7"nf] dtn] zky u|x0f :yug ug'{k5{ / gof“ 9ª\un] /fli6«o /fhgLltaf/] 6'ª\uf] ug'{k5{ eGg] lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . Tof] lg0f{o sfof{Gjog x'g ;s]g, cjd"Nog / a]jf:tf ul/of] . To;af6 cgfjZos ax; l;h{gf eof] .

) ToxL sf/0f @! ut]sf] a}7sdf cWoIfsf] rsf]{ cfnf]rgf eof], pxf“n] @* ut] /fhLgfdf lbG5' eGg'ePsf] 5 . a}7s Joj:yfkg ug{ ;lhnf] xf];\ eg]/} kl5 ;fg'{ePsf] xf] <

– o;aLrdf 36\g] ;sf/fTds jf gsf/fTds 36gfn] @( ut] ug]{ elgPsf] xfd|f] a}7snfO{ s'g} g s'g} lsl;dn] k|efj kfnf{g\ . s]xL gsf/fTds 36gf eP, ToxL lsl;dn] hf]l8Pnf, ;sf/fTds s'/f eP ToxL 9ª\un] hf]l8Pnf . t/, xfdLn] ;xhtfsf] vf]hL ug]{ l;nl;nfdf @( ut] k'¥ofPsf] rflx“ xf]Og .

) ‘;sf/fTds 36gf ’ eg]/ k|wfgdGqLsf] /fhLgfdf eGg vf]Hg'ePsf] xf] <

– /fhLgfdf olta]nf dfq xf]Og, k|wfgdGqLn] h]7 !$ ut] g} c¿ b'O{ 7"nf kf6L{sf k|d'vx¿;“u} ;+o'Qm x:tfIf/ u/]/ sa'n u/]sf] s'/f xf] . …/fli6«o ;xdlt cfjZos 5, To;sf nflu dfu{k|z:t ug{ /fhLgfdf u5'{Ú eg]/ pxf“n] ;xdltkqdf x:tfIf/ ug'{ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] kbdf /x“bf/x“b} Tof] ;xdlt ug'{ePsf] xf] . To;nfO{ ;+;b\n] u|x0f u¥of] / cg'udg klg ub}{5 . To;}n], kf“ra'“b] ;xdltdf /fhLgfdfsf] ljifo cfkm}“ dxŒjk"0f{ ag]sf] 5 . /fhgLlts / g}lts lx;fan] t pxf“n] To;}a]nf /fhLgfdf lbg'ePsf] xf] / ;/sf/ …s]o/ 6]s/Ú eO;s]sf] xf] . ca vfnL ;xdltsf nflu k|oTg ug]{ l;nl;nfdf ldlt / ;do cfPsf] xf] .

) h]7 !$ ut]sf] ;xdltkl5 Pdfn]s} g]tfx¿n] ljsNk cfPkl5 dfq /fhLgfdf lbg] eGg'ePsf] lyof], ljsNk clxn] klg vf]O t <

– of] ts{sf] s]xL cy{ 5}g . xfdL Pdfn] dfq a8f] lhDd]jf/ eP/ vfOnfUbf], /fd|f] / kTofl/nf] ljsNk b]v]kl5 To; ljsNksf xftdf ;/sf/ ;'lDkg] s'/f u5f}{+ . em§f ;'Gbf /fd|f] nfu] klg of] plrt ts{ xf]Og . /fhgLlts bn;“u ;xdltsf nflu h] sa'n u/]sf 5f}“, ToxL cg';f/ xfdLn] cfkm\gf] efudf kg]{ lhDd]jf/L k"/f ug'{k5{ . To;kl5 bnx¿sf aLrdf 5nkmn ug]{ / ;xdltsf] k|oTg ug]{ k|lqmofnfO{ ult lbgsf nflu /fhLgfdf lbg' :jfefljs x'G5 . of] cfkm\gf] k|lta4tf sfof{Gjog ug{ Odfgbf/L b]vfpg] s'/f klg xf] .

) t/, c¿ bnsf nflu eGbf klg Pdfn]s} g]tfx¿sf nflu k|wfgdGqLsf] /fhLgfdf xtf/sf] ljifo ag]sf] 5 elgG5 lg <

– h]7 !$ ut] ;xL ug]{ sfª\u]|;sf ;'zLn sf]O/fnf / dfcf]jfbLsf k'iksdn bfxfn x'g\ ls xf]Ogg\ < Pdfn]sf] t cWoIf g} k|wfgdGqL x'g'x'G5, pxf“n] g} ;xL ug'{ePsf] 5 . ;xL ubf{ sf]O/fnf / bfxfnn] Tof] lnvt k9\g'eof] ls ePg < Toxf“ n]lvPsf] /fhLgfdfsf] s'/f k9\g'eof] ls ePg < of] Pdfn]sf] xtf/f]sf] s'/} xf]Og . /fhLgfdfnfO{ lnP/ ;+;b\sf] /f]:6«d 3]/fp ug]{ sf] xf]– Pdfn] ls sfª\u]|; < dfcf]jfbLsf of] jf Tof] g]tfn] ;fj{hlgs ¿kd} /fhLgfdf lbg'k5{ eg]sf] Vofn ug'{k5{ ls kb}{g < Pdfn]sf of] jf Tof] g]tfx¿n] t h]7 !$ ut]sf] k|;ª\unfO{ cufl8 /fVb} /fhLgfdfn] af6f] vf]N5 eGg'ePsf] xf] . c¿nfO{ eGbf Pdfn]nfO{ g} xtf/f] eof] eGg] tl/sfn] x'g] u/]sf] lrq0f unt xf] .

) sa'n u/]cg';f/ @* ut] /fhLgfdf cfof] eg] /fhgLlts lbzf s:tf] x'g]5 <

– dnfO{ t /fhLgfdf cfpg]df ljZjf; 5 . k|wfgdGqL :jod\n] @* sf] …8]6nfOgÚ tf]ls;Sg'ePsf] 5 . dlGqkl/ifb\df klg cfkm"n] hfgsf/L u/fO;s]sf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . To;}n] …cfof] eg]Ú eGg'eGbf pxf“sf] ;fj{hlgs 3f]if0ffdf ljZjf; ug'{k5{ eGg] kIfdf 5' d . cfPkl5sf] l/QmtfnfO{ k'tf{n ug{ ;+;b\sf] lgodfjnL / ljutdf ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] u/]sf] km};nfsf cfwf/df ;dfwfg vf]Hg] k|oTg ug'{k5{ .

) To;kl5 aGg] ;/sf/ /fli6«o ;xdlt jf ax'dtLo s:tf] x'g] a9L ;Defjgf b]Vg'x'G5 <

– b'O{÷tLg j6f ljsNk 5g\ . ls oxL ;/sf/nfO{ /fli6«o ;xdltsf] :j¿k k|bfg ug]{ . t/, Tof] slt ;Dej 5 < clxn];Dd sfª\u]|; / dfcf]jfbLsf] k|j[lQ x]bf{ o:tf] ;Defjgf b]lv“b}g . dfcf]jfbL ;a}eGbf 7"nf] bn ePsf] x}l;otn] ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ug]{ s'/f :jfefljs xf] . t/, zflGt k|lqmof;“u uf“l;Psf s'/fsf af/]df ljZjf; nfUbf] yfngL / sfo{tflnsf gcfpGh]n p;sf] g]t[Tjdf klg /fli6«o ;xdltsf] ;Defjgf b]lv“b}g . To;}n] clxNo} o:t} x'G5 eGg] l:ylt 5}g .

) ljZjf;sf] cj:yf l;h{gf gx'“bf ax'dtLo ;/sf/df tkfO{+sf] kf6L{n] t];|f] k6s g]t[Tjsf] bfjL u5{ ls ub}{g <

– /fli6«o ;xdltsf] :j¿k gag]sf] oxL cj:yfdf Pdfn]n] km]l/ ax'dtLo ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj bfaL ug]{ l:ylt d b]lVbg“ .

) g]t[Tj sfª\u]|; lbP/ tkfO{+ Pdfn]sf tkm{af6 g]t[Tj u/]/ ;/sf/df hfg] tof/Ldf x'g'x'G5 eG5g\ lg <

– dflg;x?n] o:tf 3l6of s'/f klg u5{g\ . sf] hfG5, sf] hf“b}g eGg] s'/f k|d'v xf]Og . d'Vo s'/f, d'n'ssf] /fhgLltnfO{ s;/L ;xL lbzf lbg] eGg] xf] . d'Vo kIfx¿ Ps 7fp“df cfp“5g\ ls cfp“b}gg\ < s'g tl/sfaf6 hf“bf k|d'v rf/ zlQm ;d]l6G5g\ < Tof] ;d]l6g] l:ylt aGof] eg] zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf d'2f klg ;dfwfg ug{ ;xh x'G5 . hxf“;Dd d]/f] s'/f 5, cf7f}“ /fli6«o dxflwj]zgn] kfl/t u/]sf] ljwfgn] dxf;lrjnfO{ h] lhDd]jf/L lbPsf] 5, To;nfO{ k"/f ug{df k|fyldstf lbP/ nfU5' .

– pHhn kxf8L


jfdb]jåf/f ;'/f–;'Gb/L :d/0f

sf7df8f}“ . …ljutdf klg o:tf cg]s s'/f cfpg] u/]sf lyP . d]/f] rl/q xTof ug{ O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] s]Gb|Lo sld6Ldf d}n] ;'/f–;'Gb/L k|of]u u/]sf] eg]/ lnlvt cf/f]k btf{ u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] .Ú

ut zlgaf/ ;'? ePsf] g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7sdf pkfWoIf jfdb]j uf}tdn] !% jif{cl3sf] 36gf ;lDem“b} ubf{ dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] eGg'eof]– …c“, d}n] klg lal;{;s]sf] lyP“ . jfdb]j sd/]8n] 7Ls} ;dodf ;Demfpg'eof] . cfh klg tL s'/fx¿ slQsf] ;fGble{s 5g\, x]/] x'G5 . d ef]lnsf] a}7sdf kmf]6f]skL u/]/ ;a} s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿nfO{ af“8\5' .Ú pxf“n] af]nL g;Sb} tn a;]sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fh]Gb| kf08]n] aLr}df eGg'eof]– …)%$ ;fnsf] dfq lsg < To;f] xf] eg] )@* ;fnsf b:tfj]h klg vf]hf}“, kf6L{ :yfkgfsfndf s;n] s;nfO{ s] eg]sf] lyof] < Tof] klg vf]hf}“ .Ú

aLr–aLrdf cj/f]w eP klg uf}tdn] cfkm\gf] egfO hf/L /fVg'eof] . …)%# ;fndf xfdLn] dfwj sd/]8nfO{ dxf;lrjaf6 x6fP/ h]Pg sd/]8nfO{ dxf;lrj agfpgsf nflu #* ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo sld6Ldf @@ hgfsf] x:tfIf/ h'6fPsf lyof}“ . ax'dtaf6 pxf“nfO{ xfdLn] x6fpg vf]Hbf a}7s g} af]nfOPg, cgf}krfl/s a}7s af]nfOof] / aflx/ ;xdlt u/]kl5 dfq} cf}krfl/s a}7s af]nfOof] . t/, clxn] cWoIfsf lj?4df :yfoL ;ldltdf ax'dt x'“b}df pxf“n] lg0f{o dfGg'kb{5 eGg] < pxf“nfO{ sf/afxL ug'{kb{5 eGg] < ljutsf] k/Dk/f x]/f}“ . xfdLn] dxf;lrj x6fpg vf]Hbf O{Zj/ sd/]8n] rl/qxTof ug{ vf]Hg'ePsf] lyof] .Ú dfwjs'df/ g]kfn k|wfgdGqL x'“bf dfcf]jfbLsf] cfGbf]ng rln/x]sf a]nf To;}nfO{ an k'Ug] u/L …pxf“n] /fhLgfdf lbg'kb{5Ú eg]/ ;SsnL÷gSsnL u/L ^) hgfsf] jQmJo lgsfNg] uf}tdn] a}7sdf lgs} /f]rs s'/fx¿ ug'{ePsf] lyof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …d'n'ssf] g]t[Tj u/]kl5 kf6L{n] k|wfgdGqLnfO{ o;f] u/, p;f] u/ eGg ldNb}g . dlGqkl/ifb\ k|wfgdGqLsf] ljz]ifflwsf/ xf] . k|wfgdGqLn] b]zsf] sfg'g dfGg] ls kf6L{sf] <Ú uf}tdsf] egfO lyof]– …:yfoL sld6Lsf] a}7sdf cWoIfn] lg0f{o gu/f}“ eGg'eof], t/ dfwj sd/]8n] lsg lg0f{o gn]v]sf] < d} n]V5' eg]/ dfOGo'6 tfGg vf]Hg'eof] .Ú

a}7sdf ;lrj pkfWoIf czf]s /fO{ / ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnLn] :yfoL ;ldltsf] a}7sdf cWoIfn] q'l6 u/]sf] :jLsf/ ug'{kg]{, t/ To;}nfO{ tGsfpg'eGbf zLif{ g]tfx¿ a;]/ ;dfwfg vf]Hg'kg]{df hf]8 lbg'ePsf] lyof] . ;lrj lji0f' kf}8]nn] af]ln/x]sf a]nf jl/i7 g]tf g]kfnn] ;a} s'/f eGg'xf];\ eg]/ ;DemfPkl5 !! hgf kLP /fv]/ rrf{df cfPsf jgdGqL efg'eQm hf]zL …To;/L l;sfpg kfOG5 <Ú eGb} s/fPsf lyP .

dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] a}7s ;'? ePsf] 3f]if0ff u/]kl5 vgfnnfO{ ;'?df af]Ng glbOPsf] eGb} s]xL s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿n] vf;v'; u/]sf lyP . t/, pxf“nfO{ la;~rf] ePsf] hfgsf/L lb“b} kf]v/]nn] pxf“n] cWoIftf u|x0f ul/;s]sf] hfgsf/L lb“b} a}7s cl3 a9fpg'ePsf] lyof] . k|dnfO{ la;~rf] eP klg sltkon] eg] lrQ ga'em]/ cWoIfn] gaf]n]sf] rrf{ u/]sf lyP .

s] xf] ;'/f–;'Gb/L sf08 <

pkdxf;lrjaf6 x6fOPkl5 jfdb]j uf}tdsf] cu|;/tfdf emngfy vgfnnfO{ dxf;lrj agfpg] u/L )%# kmfu'gdf Pdfn]df dxf;lrj x6fp k|s/0f ;'? ePsf] lyof] . dxf;lrj g]kfnsf lj?4 !* a'“b] cf/f]k nufp“b} s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf @@ hgf ;b:ox¿n] x:tfIf/ u/]kl5 To;sf lj?4 tTsfnLg k|v/ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o kf]v/]nn] cf7 k[i7 nfdf] …sfpG6/Ú lbg'ePsf] lyof] . ;+;bLo Joj:yfnfO{ abgfd ug]{ u/L ePsf] ;f+;b vl/b–laqmL / y'g5]ssf qmddf ;f+;bx¿nfO{ ;'/f -dlb/f_ / ;'Gb/L pknAw u/fpg];Ddsf sfd uf}tdsf] cu'jfOdf ePsf] eGb} lnlvt k|:tfj cl3 ;fl/Pkl5 uf}td xRs]sf lyP / Pdfn]df ljjfb ldn]sf] lyof] . …d}n] !$ jif{cl3 p7fPsf ljifox¿ cfh klg slQsf] ;fGble{s 5g\ / ltgn] xfdLnfO{ s:tf] 7fp“df k'¥ofP < x]/] x'G5Ú– kf]v/]nn] a'waf/;“u eGg'eof]– …To;}n] klg jfdb]jhLnfO{ vfddf /fv]/ pQm k|:tfj lbg vf]h]sf] x'“ . clxn] klg pxf“n] x]/] x'G5, l:ylt s] 5 <Ú


afa'/fd u'Kt 5nkmndf

sf7df8f}“ . k|wfgdGqL x'g kfOg] ;Defjgf b]vf k/]kl5 cGtd'{vL :jefjsf dfcf]jfbL g]tf afa'/fd e§/fO{ c¿ kf6L{sf g]tfx¿;“u klg 5nkmndf h'6]sf 5g\ . pgn] c¿ kf6L{sf jl/i7 g]tfb]lv bf];|f] txsf / o'jf elgg]x¿;“u ;d]t 5nkmn rnfO/x]sf] yfxf ePsf] 5 .

5nkmnsf qmddf e§/fO{n] zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] cfkm\gf] /fhgLlts nfOgnfO{ kf6L{n] :jLsf/ u/]sf] eGb} ;Gtf]if JoQm ug]{ u/]sf] Ps ;xefuLn] atfP . e§/fO{nfO{ p4[t ub}{ pgn] eg]– …d}n] k|wfgdGqL kb kfp“nf÷gkfp“nf, Tof] 7"nf] s'/f xf]Og . t/, Psflt/ kf6L{n] d}n] cl3 ;f/]sf] zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] nfOg kfl/t ug'{ / csf{lt/ dnfO{ /fli6«o ;xdltsf] ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tjsf nflu k|:tfljt ug'{nfO{ d}n] 7"nf] pknlAwsf ¿kdf lnPsf] 5'Ú– ut laxLaf/ laxfg b/af/dfu{sf] /f]on ;fOgf] /]:6'/]G6df cfof]lht Ps sfo{qmddf pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …dnfO{ c¿ kf6L{sf ;fyLx¿n] klg oxL ¿kdf a'lemlbg'k¥of] .Ú

u[xlhNnf uf]/vf hfg'cl3 e§/fO{n] cfkm"lgs6sf g]tfx¿;lxt sfª\u|];, Pdfn], dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d / t/fO{–dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{sf bf];|f] txsf g]tfx¿;“u s'/fsfgL ug'{ePsf] lyof] . cfkm"lgs6 g]tfx¿ b]j]Gb| kf}8]n, 6f]kaxfb'/ /fodfemL / k|e' ;fxsf ;fy pkl:yt ePsf e§/fO{n] sfª\u|];tkm{af6 s]Gb|Lo ;b:o g/xl/ cfrfo{, PgkL ;fpb / rGb| e08f/L, Pdfn]af6 kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o k|bLk 1jfnL, k|wfgdGqL sfof{nosf dGqL 3gZofd e';fn, kmf]/d nf]stflGqssf k|d'v ;r]ts /fdhgd rf}w/L, kmf]/dsf ;f+;b /fhlszf]/ ofbj / tdnf]kfsf ;xdxfdGqL lht]Gb| ;f]gnnfO{ af]nfPsf lyP .

zLif{ txdf dfq} s'/fsfgL ubf{ a9L cf}krfl/s x'g], v'n]/ s'/f gx'g] / lgisif{ glsl:sg] ;d:of b]vf k/]sf] eGb} 8f= e§/fO{n] …ca logLx¿sf] d'v tfs]/ dfq} x'“b}g, tTsfnLg / bL3{sfnLg b'j} lx;fadf s;/L cl3 a9\g'kb{5 eg]/ 5nkmn yfngL ug'{kb{5 eg]/ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf ul/Psf]Ú hfgsf/L lbg'ePsf] lyof] . Ps ;xefuLsf cg';f/, e§/fO{nfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpg]af/]df Toxf“ vf; s'/fsfgL geP klg cfof]hssf] p2]Zo pgsf] kIfdf jftfj/0f agfpg' /x]sf] a'em\g ;lsGYof] . …pxf“x¿n] l;w} To:tf] eGg'ePgÚ– pgn] eg]– …t/, cfkm\gf] kIfdf jftfj/0f agf];\ eg]/ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf ul/Ph:tf] lyof] .Ú p;f] t e§/fO{n] cfkm"nfO{ kf6L{n] ;j{;Ddt pDd]bjf/ agfPsf] s'/f k6s–k6s bf]xf]¥ofPsf lyP . …xfd|f] kf6L{n] dnfO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/sf ¿kdf cl3 ;f/]sf] 5Ú– s'/f rkfP/ af]Ng] dfcf]jfbL z}nLdf pgn] eg]– …t/, dnfO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] nf]e 5}g / k|wfgdGqL x'gsf nflu d}n] /fli6«o ;xdltsf] s'/f u/]sf] xf]Og . of] d]/f] dfGotf xf] .Ú

sfo{qmddf k|wfgdGqL sfof{nosf dGqL 3gZofd e';fnn] eg] cfZro{hgs wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“sf] wf/0ff lyof]– …ca g]t[Tj dfcf]jfbLn] ug'{kb{5 . olb tkfO{+x¿n] ;Sg'x'Gg eg] tkfO{+x¿ -bfof“lt/ a;]sf sfª\u|];sf g]tfx¿nfO{ b]vfp“b}_ n] g]t[Tj ug'{kb{5 / ;fpg @* kl5 k'gM ax'dtsf] ;/sf/ agfpg'kb{5 .Ú /fli6«o ;xdltsf nflu jftfj/0f alg/x]sf a]nf PsfPs km]l/ ax'dtsf] ;/sf/sf] s'/f s;/L cfof] eGb} ;xefuLx¿n] cfZro{ JoQm u/]sf lyP . af]n]/ e';fn aflxl/Pkl5 af]Ng'ePsf Pdfn] kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o k|bLk 1jfnLn] eg] pQm s'/fsf] v08g ub}{ cfkm\gf] kf6L{n] clxn];Dd To:tf] p6\k6\ofª lg0f{o gu/]sf] / /fli6«o ;xdltsf nflu k|oTg hf/L /fVg] pNn]v ub}{ /fli6«o ;xdltafx]ssf] ;/sf/n] ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ g;Sg] wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“sf] egfO lyof]– …cGoyf Pp6fnfO{ x6fP/ csf{nfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpg'sf] s'g} cy{ 5}g .Ú

sfª\u|]; s]Gb|Lo ;b:o rGb| e08f/Ln] ljutsf ;xdlt sfof{Gjog u/]/ ;xdltsf] 7f]; jftfj/0f agfPdf cfkm\gf] kf6L{n] e§/fO{nfO{ k|wfgdGqLdf :jLsf/ ug]{ atfpg'eof] eg] g/xl/ cfrfo{n] 7"nf] kf6L{sf x}l;otn] dfcf]jfbLn] g]t[Tj ug'{kg]{df b'ljwf g/x] klg ljZjf;sf] ;ª\s6sf sf/0f ;d:of pTkGg ePsf] atfpg'eof] . dw];L g]tfx¿n] tLg 7"nf bn ldn]/ cfkm"nfO{ gPSNofpg cfu|x u/]sf lyP . tdnf]kfsf g]tf ;f]gnn] a'waf/;“u eGg'eof]– …xfdLn] /fli6«o ;xdltsf cfwf/df cl3 a9\g'kb{5 / To;df ;a}sf] ;xeflutf x'g'kb{5 eGg] s'/fdf hf]8 lbof}“ .Ú

vfhf vfP/ ;'? ePsf] tLg 3G6f nfdf] 5nkmnaf6 g]tfx¿ P3f/ ah] lgl:sPsf lyP . 5'6df agfOPsf] rf/ xhf/ ?lkof“sf] lan ef}lts of]hgfdGqL 6f]kaxfb'/ /fodfemLn] geO{ cfkm"n] lt/]sf] e§/fO{sf :jsLo ;lrj ljZjbLk kf08]n] atfP .


s] 5 Pdfn]sf] dfOGo'6df <

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ :yfoL ;ldltn] /fhLgfdf lbg] a]nfdf dGqL km]/abn gug{ u/]sf] lg0f{o cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] gdfg]kl5 Pdfn]sf] lg0f{os} af/]df k|Zg p7]sf] 5 . sltn] a}7sn] lg0f{o g} gePsf] atfP klg Pdfn]sf] dfOGo'6df eg] zky u|x0fsf ;Gbe{df tLg j6f lg0f{o ePsf] tYo a'waf/n] km]nf kf/]sf] 5 .

zky u|x0fsf ljifodf :yfoL ;ldltsf tLg j6f a}7sdf z[ª\vnfa4 5nkmn / lg0f{o ePsf] tYo dfOGo'6df 5 . o;af/]df 5nkmn ug{ cWoIf vgfnn] ;fpg !) ut] af]nfPsf] %^cf}“ a}7sdf klxnf] k6s o;af/]df 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . lg0f{o …vÚ df n]lvPsf] 5– …xfn} Pg]skf -dfcf]jfbL_åf/f jt{dfg dlGqd08ndf ;fd]n ug{sf nflu k|:t't ul/Psf] ljifodf cfhsf] a}7sdf lj:t[t 5nkmn eof] . 5nkmn kl5 a}7sn] lgDg lg0f{o u¥of] M zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ ;fy{s lgisif{df k'¥ofpg / nf]stflGqs ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf nflu /fli6«o

;xdltsf] ;/sf/ u7g ug]{ p2]Zosf ;fy ut h]7 !$ ut] ePsf] kf“ra'“b] ;xdltsf] zL3| Pjd\ k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjogdf hf]8 lbg] . pQm kf“ra'“b] ;xdltsf] k|lts"n jf To;sf] sfof{Gjogdf afwf kg]{ u/L s'g} sfd gug]{ . To;sf nflu kf6L{sf] tkm{af6 ul7t jftf{ sld6Ln] ;+ljwfg;efdf sfo{/t /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿;“u k|efjsf/L Pjd\ kl/0ffdd'vL 9ª\un] jftf{ k|lqmofnfO{ cl3 a9fpg] .Ú

;f]xL lg0f{ocg';f/ jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfnsf] g]t[Tjdf s]kL cf]nL, jfdb]j uf}td, O{Zj/ kf]v/]n / czf]s /fO{ ;b:o /x]sf] jftf{ 6f]nLn] dfcf]jfbL;“u klg 5nkmn u/]sf] lyof] . To;kl5 ;fpg !@ ut] a;]sf] :yfoL ;ldltsf] %&cf}“ a}7sdf klg ToxL ljifodf 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . yk s'g} gof“ lg0f{o gu/L k'/fg} lg0f{onfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf] lyof] . lg0f{o k'l:tsfdf pNn]v 5– …cfhsf] a}7sdf xfn} dfcf]jfbLåf/f dlGqd08ndf ;fd]n ug{sf nflu k|:tfljt dGqLx¿sf] zky u|x0fsf] ;DaGwdf lj:t[t 5nkmn eof] . 5nkmnkl5, ut !) ut]sf] a}7sn] u/]sf] lg0f{odf sfod /x“b} /fli6«o ;xdlt lgdf{0f ug{ k'gM kxn ug]{ lg0f{o eof] .Ú

To;kl5 klg jftf{ 6f]nL / k|wfgdGqL vgfn :jod\n] k6s–k6s dfcf]jfbL;“u 5nkmn rnfPsf lyP . t/, ;'?df cfkm}“ zky u|x0f u/fpg clgR5's b]lvPsf k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] ;/sf/L lgjf;df kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/L …kf6L{n] o; ;DaGwdf s'g} lg0f{o u/]sf] 5}g, dlGqkl/ifb\ k'gu{7g ug'{ ljz]ifflwsf/ xf]Ú eg]kl5 Pdfn]df yk ljjfb ePsf] lyof] . To;nuQ} ef]lnkN6 a;]sf] :yfoL ;ldltsf] %*cf}“ a}7saf6 Pdfn]n] yk :ki6 lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . Pdfn]sf] lg0f{o k'l:tsfdf …vÚ cGtu{t n]lvPsf] 5– …xfnnfO{ Pg]skf -dfcf]jfbL_sf dGqLx¿sf] zky u|x0f :ylut ug]{ / zky u|x0fnufot /fli6«o ;xdltsf ;DaGwdf 5nkmn ug{ oxL ;fpg @! ut] s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7s cfof]hgf ug]{ lg0f{o eof] .Ú

ef]lnkN6 cg'zf;g cfof]usf cWoIf cd[ts'df/ af]x/fn] jQmJo k|sflzt u/L cWoIf vgfnn] kf6L{ k4lt pNnª\3g u/]sf] atfpg'ePsf] lyof] .


sfª\u]|;df gkfpg] ;Qfsf] unkmQL

sf7df8f}“ . k|wfgdGqLsf] /fhLgfdfsf] k|tLIff;“u} cNdlnPsf] g]kfnL sfª\u]|;df pwf/f] ;Qfsf] nkm8f ;'? ePsf] 5 . ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf /fdrGb| kf}8]nlj?4 jl/i7 g]tf z]/axfb'/ b]pjfn] cljZjf; k|:tfjsf] u[xsfo{ cl3 a9fPkl5 sfª\u]|;df of] nkm8f alNemPsf] xf] .

oxL ljjfbn] hf/L s]Gb|Lo sfo{;ldlt a}7s klg lbgx'“h;f] a:b} :ylut x'“b} cfPsf] 5 . g]tf b]pjfn] kbflwsf/L dgf]gog ug]{ a]nfdf ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnf;“u cfkm"nfO{ bnsf] g]tf agfpg ePsf] ;xdlt sfof{Gjog ug{ k6sk6s cfu|x ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . cfkm"n] klg lhDd]jf/L kfpg'kg]{ dfu ub}{ cfPsf] b]pjf kIfn] efjL k|wfgdGqLsf ¿kdf b]pjfnfO{ cl3 g;f/];Dd

g5f]8\g] dgl:ylt agfPsf] atfOG5 . t/, k|wfgdGqLsf] /fhLgfdf cem} lglZrt eOg;s]sfn] tTsfn efjL k|wfgdGqLsf] ljifo sfª\u]|; a}7sdf cf}krfl/s Ph]G8f ag]sf] 5}g . b'O{ ;ftfb]lv k|wfgdGqLsf] /fhLgfdf dfu]/ sfª\u]|;n] ;+;b\ cj?4 kfb}{ cfPsf] 5 . cfkm"nfO{ ;+;bLo Joj:yfsf] dl;xf 7fGg] sfª\u|];n] ut jif{ dfcf]jfbLn] g} ckgfPsf] c;+;bLo af6f] ckgfPsf] eGb} tLj| cfnf]rgf ePkl5 kl5Nnf lbgdf …;]km NoflG8ªÚ ug]{ pkfo vf]h] klg ;xdlt x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . ;f]daf/ k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] ;fj{hlgs ul//x]sf] efif0f h:t} ;+;b\df klg ;fpg @* df /fhLgfdf lbg] 3f]if0ff ug]{ ;xdlt eP klg dfcf]jfbLsf] x:tIf]ksf sf/0f pQm 3f]if0ff klg /f]lsPkl5 sfª\u|];;d]t cK7]/f]df k/]sf] 5 .

rfn" s]Gb|Lo sfo{;ldltsf] a}7saf6} cfkm\gf] af/]df lg0f{o gu/] b]pjfn] k|lqmofdfkm{t cl3 a9\g] wDsL lb“b} x:tfIf/ tof/ kf/]sf 5g\ . o;nfO{ ljifofGt/ ug{ sfª\u]|;n] /fdrGb| kf}8]nsf] ;+of]hsTjdf ag]sf] /fHo k'gM;+/rgf;DaGwL ;ldltsf] k|ltj]bgnfO{ 5nkmndf NofPsf] 5 . …5nkmn ;'? x'g]lalQs} b]pjf kIfn] klxn] efjL k|wfgdGqLsf] ljifo lsgf/f nufpg'kg]{ eGb} /8fsf] lemSg] u/]sf 5g\Ú– sf]O/fnflgs6 Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] eg]– …a]df};dsf] afhf ahfpg'eGbf a}7s :ylut ug'{ 7Ls 5 .Ú ljeflht dgl:yltsf ;fy aflx/ hf“bf sdhf]/ eOG5 eGg] wf/0ff /fv]sf s]xL sfª\u]|;Ln] b]pjf jf kf}8]n hf] eP klg Psdtsf ;fy efjL ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj lng] u/L hfg ;'emfj lbPsf 5g\ . t/ klg, s'/f 6'ª\lug;s]sf] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pjd\ ;ef;b\ ch'{gk|;fb hf]zLn] atfP . …efjL k|wfgdGqL sfª\u]|;af6} x'g]5 / Tof] ;j{;Ddltdf rog ul/g]5Ú– pgn] bfaL u/] .

dª\unaf/ laxfg cf7 ah]sf nflu af]nfOPsf] s]Gb|Lo sfo{;ldlt a}7s klg s]xL a]/ a;]/ ef]ln;Ddsf nflu :ylut ePsf] 5 . a}7ssf] ;'?d} b]pjf kIfn] km]l/ pxL c8fg bf]xf]¥ofPkl5 sf]O/fnf, kf}8]n / b]pjfaLr uf]Ko a}7s;d]t ePsf] lyof] . ;efklt sf]O/fnfsf] sfo{sIfdf a;]sf] tLg g]tfsf] a}7sn] xfnsf nflu ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf kl/jt{g gug]{ t/ sfª\u]|;n] ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ug]{ cj:yf cfP s]Gb|Lo sfo{;ldlt a}7saf6 cg'df]bg u/fP/ ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf cl3 ;fg]{ ;xdlt u/]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

k|To]s kf6L{sf] cfGtl/s ljjfbdf v]Nb} cfPsf] dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn;“u g]tf b]pjfsf] uf]Ko ;xdlt;d]t ePsfn] pgL a9L cfzfjfbL ePsf] Ps g]tfn] atfP . …;j{;Ddltd} b]pjfnfO{ cl3 g;fl/P cljZjf; k|:tfj gcfO 5f]8\b}gÚ– g]tf v'daxfb'/ v8\sfn] eg] . 5nkmn / u[xsfo{ hf/L /x]sfn] hf/L s]Gb|Lo sfo{;ldlt a}7saf6} efjL k|wfgdGqLsf] 6'ª\uf] nfUg] pgn] atfP . t/, k|wfgdGqLn] /fhLgfdf lbPkl5 o; k6s sfª\u|];n] ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ug{ kfpg] ;Defjgf cToGt} sd /x]sf] ;|f]tx¿sf] bfaL 5 . o; k6s dfcf]jfbLnfO{ g]t[Tj lbg a9L pko'Qm x'g] wf/0ff kf6L{sf c¿ g]tfx¿sf] /x]sf] 5 .


pks'nklt kfp“bf klg lj/f]w †

sf7df8f}“ . rf/ dlxgf nfdf] g]t[TjljxLgtf lrb}{ ;/sf/n] ;ft ljZjljBfnodf pks'nklt lgo'Qm u/]kl5 k|fl1s If]qdf v''l;ofnL cfpg'kg]{df k|fWofksx¿ g} lj/f]wdf plqPsf 5g\ .

PsftkmL{ ¿kdf pks'nklt lgo'Qm ul/Psf] cf/f]k nufp“b} sfª\u]|;lgs6 k|hftGqjfbL k|fWofks ;ª\3 / dfcf]jfbLsf] g]kfn /fli6«o k|fWofks ;ª\u7gn] lxh}af6 lqljdf clglZrtsfnLg tfnfaGbL u/]sf 5g\ . lgo'lQm gx'“bf;Dd lgo'lQmsf nflu bafa lbg] / lgo'lQm ePkl5 lj/f]wdf plqg] k|rlnt k/Dk/fsf] k'g/fj[lQ ub}{ b'O{ ;ª\u7gn] tfnfaGbL u/]kl5 k|fl1s If]qd} c:tJo:ttf 5fPsf] 5 . ;xs'nklt;d]t /x]sf lzIffdGqL uª\ufnfn t'nfw/sf] l;kmfl/;df k|wfgdGqL tyf s'nklt emngfy vgfnn] ;f]daf/ k|f=8f= xL/f dxh{gnfO{ lqlj, k|f=8f= dx]Zj/dfg >]i7nfO{ k"jf{~rn, k|f=8f= lzjxl/ d/x¶fnfO{ g]kfn ;+:s[t, k|f=8f= vu]Gb|k|;fb e§/fO{nfO{ kf]v/f, k|f=8f= s}nfzgfy Kofs'/]nnfO{ s[lif tyf jg lj1fg, k|f=8f= kbdnfn b]jsf]6fnfO{ dWoklZrdf~rn / k|f=8f= ho/fh cj:yLnfO{ ;'b"/klZrdf~rn ljZjljBfnosf] pks'nkltdf lgo'Qm ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

lgo'lQmk|lt ltgsf e|ft[ ;ª\u7gn] dfq xf]Og, sfª\u]|; / dfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx¿n] ;d]t c;Gt'li6 JoQm u/]sf 5g\ . rf/ jif{ kbfjlw /xg] ljZjljBfnodWo] lqljdf sfª\u]|; / dfcf]jfbL b'j}n] cf“vf uf8]sf lyP . …;xdlt / ;xsfo{df h'6\g'kg]{df ljleGg r/0fdf ePsf 5nkmnnfO{ a]jf:tf ub}{ /fhLgfdf lbg] a]nf ul/Psf] lgo'lQm s'g} xfntdf :jLsfo{ x'“b}g / g;RofOP;Dd tfnfaGbL hf/L /xg]5Ú– k|hftGqjfbL k|fWofks ;ª\3sf cWoIf u'0flglw zdf{ Gof}kfg]n] eg] . k|fl1s ynf]nfO{ /fhgLlts efuaG8f ug]{ :yfgsf ¿kdf k|of]u ug'{ x'Gg eGg] cfjfh cfO/x]sf a]nf ;/sf/n] cg'ej / of]Uo JolQmnfO{ ;dfj]zL 9ª\un] 5gf]6 u/]sf] atfPsf] 5 . …sfª\u]|;nfO{ klg b'O{ j6f ljZjljBfno lbOPsf] xf]Og / <Ú eGg] k|Zgdf Gof}kfg]n] ;/sf/n] efu nufOlbPsf] sfª\u]|;L sf]6f / kfq cfkm"nfO{ c:jLsfo{ ePsf] atfP . pgn] eg]– …kf6L{ lg0f{o g:jLsfg]{ s'nkltn] xfd|f] egfO 7f8} a]jf:tf u/] .

ptf, g]kfn k|ultzLn k|fWofks ;ª\u7gn] eg] tfnfaGbLnfO{ unt sbd eg]sf] 5 . cWoIf ljho l;njfnn] eg]– …tfnfaGbL cfkm}“df ;d:of xf], o;n] ;dfwfg lbGg, a? ;xdltdf 5nkmn u/]/ ljjfb 6'ª\Uofcf}“ .Ú ;/sf/n] cfkm\g} ;ª\u7gnfO{ ;d]t k/fdz{df ;xefuL gu/fPsf]df pgsf] u'gf;f] 5 . :d/0f /xf];\, )$* ;fnb]lv sfª\u]|;sf] ;/sf/ x'“bf sfª\u]|;n] nuftf/ pks'nkltdf Psnf}6L lg0f{o ub}{ cfPsf] lyof] . lgo'lQmdf ;/sf/n] s]xL :jtGq / s]xL Pdfn]kIfLo;lxt sfª\u]|;sf b'O{ / dfcf]jfbLsf Ps hgf pks'nklt lgo'lQm u/]sf] 5 . ;a}sf] rf;f]df /x]sf] lqljdf clxn] ^) cfª\lus SofDk; / emG8} ^ ;o ;DaGwg k|fKt SofDk; 5g\ . lqljsf /lh:6«f/ dfcf]jfbL / /]S6/ sfª\u]|;sf] sf]6faf6 5g\ .


awfO{ g;ls“b} labfO

sf7df8f}“ . dGqL ePkl5 cfkmGt tyf z'elrGtssf] awfO{ kfpg' :jfefljs g} xf] . t/, clxn] dfcf]jfbLaf6 dGqL ePsf cf7 hgf / kmf]/dsf Ps hgfnfO{ eg] Tof] …awfO{Ú zAb g} cfkm}“nfO{ luHofP h:tf] clk|o nfUg] u/]sf] 5 .

dGqL ePsf] !% lbg glaTb} lkmtf{ x'g'kg]{ lbguGtL ;'? eO;s]sfn] dGqLx¿ o:tf] c;xh dx;'; ug{ afWo ag]sf x'g\ . x'g klg dGqL ePkl5 kmf]g u/]/, e]6]/} jf kqklqsfdf lj1fkg 5kfP/ awfO{ lbg] qmd rN5, h'g clxn] klg hf/L 5 . t/, !% lbg nlaTb} dGqLaf6 xft w'g'kg]{ cj:yf a'lem;s]sf oL dGqLn] clxn] c¿n] awfO{ lb“bf aflx/–aflx/ xf“;]/ …wGojfbÚ eg] klg leq eg] Joª\Uo h:tf] dx;'; ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ .

dGqL ePkl5 a;]sf] dlGqkl/ifb\sf] klxnf] a}7sd} k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnn] @* ut] …dGqLaf6 lkmtf{ x'g] dfgl;stf agfpg'xf];\Ú eGg] ;'emfj lbPkl5 ltgLx¿ kmls{+bf c“Wof/f] d'v nufP/ kmls{Psf lyP . t/, cj:yf slt g/dfOnf] eof] eg] k|wfgdGqLn] To:tf] ;'emfj lbPsf] Ps xKtfkl5 klg dGqL ePsf]df awfO{ cfO/x]s} 5g\ . ;f]daf/sf s]xL b}lgs klqsfdf dfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7nfO{ pkk|wfg tyf u[xdGqL ePsf]df awfO{ lbOPsf lj1fkg 5flkPsf 5g\ . ;~rf/dGqL kf]i6axfb'/ af]u6Ln] t cfkm\gf] kf6L{lgs6 s]xL cu'jf kqsf/ e]nf u/]/} o;sf] tLtf] cg'ej kf]v]sf 5g\ .

ut z'qmaf/ dGqL af]u6Ln] kf6L{lgs6 kqsf/x¿nfO{ dGqfnod} af]nfP/ eg]sf lyP– …x]g"{;\ g, awfO{ g;ls“b} labf x'g] lbg cfO;Sof], s;/L sfd ug]{ < tkfO{+x¿n] klg s]xL ;'emfj lbg'k¥of] .Ú dGqLsf s'/f ;'g]/ pkl:yt dx]Zj/ bfxfn, cf]d zdf{, uf]ljGb cfrfo{nufotsf kqsf/x¿ …o:tf] cj:yfdf xfdLn] s] hjfkm lbg] <Ú eGb} klG5Psf lyP .

To;f] t o:tf] u'gf;f] ug]{ tL dGqLx¿nfO{ dGqL x'g'cl3 rf“8} labf x'g'kg]{ yfxf gePsf] xf]Og . kf6L{n] lg0f{o ul/;s]kl5 dGqL emG8} !^ lbg;Dd zky vfg /f]lsPsf pgLx¿ Ps lbgsf nflu eP klg dGqL aGg'k¥of], zky /f]Sg'ePg eGb} zlQms]Gb| wfpg tNnLg lyP .


dGqL cfP, /fxt cfPg

?s'd . k"lt{dsf“8f–! sf ;GtjL/ ;'gf/ klx/f]af6 lj:yflkt ePkl5 ;ft hgfsf] kl/jf/;lxt /fgLjgdf a:b} cfPsf 5g\ . lhNnf b}jL k|sf]k ;ldltn] lbPsf] lqkfnsf] e/df pgsf] kl/jf/ hª\und} /ft sf6\5 . lbgel/ v]taf/Ldf sfd u/]/ ;f“emkv ;'Tgsf nflu pgL hª\un kmls{G5g\ .

lbgel/ d]nfkft u/]/ 3/ kms{g'kg{]df ;'gf/ kl/jf/ eg] lbgel/ 3/af/Lsf] sfd ;s]/ ;f“em af; a:gs} nflu /fgLjg k:5g\ . c;f/ #! ut] !# hgfsf] Hofg hfg] u/L cfPsf] klx/f]sf sf/0f pgsf] kl/jf/ lj:yflkt ePsf] xf] . b'O{ xKtfb]lv pgsf] kl/jf/ hª\und} a:b} cfPsf] ;GtjL/n] atfP .

…klx/f]n] ubf{ 3/sf leQf rs{]sf 5g, ufp“ g} lj:yfklt ePkl5 l5d]sLsf] z/0f lng] 7fp“ 5}g\Ú– pgn] eg]– …s]xL kl/jf/ ljBfnodf a;]sf 5g, xfdL 5 3/ hª\und} a:b} cfPsf 5f}“ .Ú hª\und} lqkfn 6f“u]/ a:g' kbf{ hª\unL hgfj/ / ;k{x¿sf] plQs} hf]lvd /x]sf] pgn] atfP .

;GtjL/ h:t} k"lt{dsf“8fsf bnaxfb'/ k'gsf] kl/jf/ klg /fgLjgd} a:b} cfPsf] 5 . /fxt kfPsf] b'O{6f lqkfnsf] e/df bnaxfb'/sf] kl/jf/sf Ps bh{g ;b:o cf]t nfU5g\ . k"lt{dsf“8fdf lj:yflkt ePsf ! ;o !@ 3/dWo] bnaxfb'/sf] kl/jf/ klg Ps xf] . pgLx¿sf] efG;f;d]t lqkfnd'lg 5 . kfgL k/]kl5 en cfP/ /fte/ ;'Tg;d]t sl7g x'g] u/]sf] pgLx¿sf] b'Mv];f] 5 . lr;f] e'O“df k/fn la5\ofP/ ;'Tg'kbf{ afnaflnsfnfO{ yk ;d:of x'“b} cfPsf] pgn] atfP . …Psflt/ lr;f] e'O“df afnaflnsfnfO{ ;'tfpg'k5{ eg] csf{]lt/ hª\unL hgfj/ / kfgLsf] e]nn] ubf{ ;fx|} ;d:of x'g] u/]sf] 5Ú– pgn] eg] . lr;f]sf sf/0f afnaflnsfnfO{ Hj/f], 6fOkmfO8 / lgdf]lgof x'g] u/]sf] 5 .

k"lt{dsf“8fdf klx/f]sf sf/0f lj:yflkt ! ;o !@ kl/jf/x¿nfO{ cem} k'gM:yfkgf ul/Psf] 5}g . pgLx¿ ljBfno, l5d]sLsf] 3/, v]taf/L / hª\undf lqkfn 6f“u]/ a:b} cfPsf 5g\ .

tLg nfv vr{, kf“r nfv /fxt

gjlgo'Qm u[xdGqL gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7n] x]lnsf]K6/ r9]/ k"lt{dsf“8fsf] cg'udg u/]/ Kofs]hd} /fxt lbg] 3f]if0ff u/] klg clxn];Dd /fxt k'u]sf] 5}g . pgn] d[To' ePsf !# hgfsf cfkmGt / lj:yflkt ePsf ! ;o !@ kl/jf/nfO{ u/L hDdf kf“r nfv cfly{s /fxt k|bfg u/] . hals, emG8} tLg nfv ?lkof“ lt/]/ pgL x]lnsf]K6/ ef8fdf lnP/ Toxf“ k'u]sf lyP . pgn] Kofs]hd} /fxt lbg] eGb} kLl8tx¿NffO{ cfZjf;g;d]t lbP . t/, pgL sf7df8f}“ kms{]sf] Ps ;ftf k'Ubf;d]t pgn] eg]sf] …Kofs]hÚ cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . klx/f] kLl8t If]qdf vfg]kfgL / cf}iflwsf] cefj 5 eg] emf8fkvfnf km}lng] vt/f emg\ a9]sf] 5 . kLl8tx¿ eG5g\– …u[xdGqL cfP, /fxt cfPg .Ú dGqL /xg] slt lbg xf] eGg] 7]ufg gePsf gf/fo0fsfhLsf] xtf/–xtf/ x]lnsf]K6/ r9\g] /x/ dfq k"/f ePsf] l6Kk0fL ?s'ddf eO/x]sf] 5 .


dx/fnfO{ rf]Vofpg] rfn

sf7df8f}“ . caf+}{ ?lkof“ /fh:j p7\g] df]afOn lk|mSj]G;L lghL sDkgLnfO{ sf}8Lsf] efpdf lbnfpg] k"j{;~rf/dGqL / b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fsf k"j{cWoIfx¿nfO{ ;fj{hlgs n]vf ;ldltn] sf/afxL ug{ 5fglag ug{ yfn]kl5 k"j{;~rf/dGqL s[i0faxfb'/ dx/f cflQPsf 5g\ .

emG8} 5 dlxgfb]lv ;'? ul/Psf] of] 5fglag sl/a–sl/a clGtddf k'Ug yfn]kl5 8/nfUbf] glthf b]lvPsf] 5 . of] glthf;“u} 5 dlxgfb]lvsf] d]x]gt v]/ hfg] 8/df ;ef;b\x¿ k'u]sf 5g\ .

…lk|mSj]G;L ljt/0fdf ePsf] clgoldttfn] d'n'sn] emG8} *! ca{ u'dfPsf] b]lvG5Ú– n]vf ;ldltcGtu{t lk|mSj]G;L 5fglag pk;ldltsf ;b:o /jLGb| clwsf/Ln] eg] . pk;ldlts} s]xL ;ef;b\x¿nfO{ oltv]/ lghL sDkgLx¿n] af]nfP/ ef]h–et]/ v'jfpg yfn]sf 5g\ . s]xL lbgcl3 6]lnsdn] lsGg nfu]sf] la|lhª k|f]h]S6df n]vf ;ldltn] 5fglag yfn]kl5 6]lnsdsf k|aGw lgb]{zs ljZjgfy uf]onn] n]vf ;ldltleqsf rNtfk"hf{ ;f+;bnfO{ /fqLef]h lbPsf lyP . To;sf] ef]lnkN6 a;]sf] ;ldltsf] a}7sn] emG8} b'O{ ca{ ?k}of“sf] la|lhª k|f]h]S6 lsGg :jLs[lt lbPsf] lyof] .

lk|mSj]G;L h:tf] /fh:jsf] dxŒjk"0f{ ;|f]tnfO{ /fHosf] lxtljk/Lt / lghL sDkgLsf] :jfy{df k|of]u ug{ lbPsf] k'li6 eO;s]kl5 g]kfn :of6]nfO6sf nufgLstf{ cho/fh ;'dfuL{n] ;a} bnsf g]tfx¿sf] 9f]sf9f]sf rfxf/]/ o; sf08nfO{ ;fd;'d agfpg] k|of; ul//x]sf 5g\ . oxL sf/0fn] n]vf ;ldlt;d]t klxn]h:tf] 5fglagdf ;lqmo x'g g;s]sf] Ps ;ef;b\n] atfP .

5fglagaf6 clxn];Dddf zfxLsfnb]lv ;~rf/dGqLaf6 w]/yf]/ sdhf]/L b]lvPsf] ;ef;b\x¿n] hfgsf/L lbP . ;a}eGbf a9L a]lylt;“u lk|mSj]G;L af“8\g] sfd eg] dfcf]jfbLsf ;~rf/dGqL s[i0faxfb'/ dx/fsf] kfnfdf ePsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLsf] rfxgfdf leœofOPsf] cho ;'dfuL{sf] g]kfn :of6]nfO6 6]lnsd -xnf] df]afOn_ gfd u/]sf] sDkgLnfO{ dx/fn] df]afOn rnfpg cg'dlt lbg'sf ;fy} c¿ gof“ sDkgL cfpg] af6f];d]t aGb u/fP/ lk|mSj]G;L lbPsf lyP .

…gof“ sDkgL cfpg] rfxgf /fVof] eg] lk|mSj]G;L cefjn] /f]lsg'kg]{ cj:yf b]lvof]Ú– n]vf ;ldltsf Ps ;b:on] eg] . g]kfn :of6]nfO6sf] ahf/ ;'/lIft ug{ / gof“ sDkgL cfpg glbg af6f] 5]Sgsf nflu uf8{AofG8sf nflu lgs} yf]/} /fv]/ ePe/sf] ;a} oxL sDkgLnfO{ lbPsf] b]lvPsf] ;ef;b\ clwsf/Ln] atfP .

lk|mSj]G;L ljt/0f k|lt:kwf{ / Jojl:yt ¿kdf u/]sf] eP of] If]qaf6 d'n'sn] !) jif{sf] cjlwdf *! ca{ sdfpg] cfwf/ lgs} bx|f] lyof] . t/, klxn] h'g sDkgL cfp“5, p;}nfO{ dfu]hlt lbg] kl/kf6Ln] of] ;|f]taf6 /fh:j;d]t p7\g g;s]sf] / k|of]u ug]{n] ;d]t sf}8Lsf] efpdf lnO/x]sf 5g\ .

dx/fnfO{ v';L agfpg] gfddf b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fsf k"j{cWoIf lbg]zs'df/ zdf{, ;'/]z k'8f;}gL / jt{dfg cWoIf e]if/fh s“8]nn] hyfefjL lk|mSj]G;L lbPsf] b]lvPsf] 5 . dGqLsf] lgb]{zg / cfb]z eGb} lk|mSj]G;L lb“bf lghL sDkgLx¿n] clxn] klg cgfjZos ¿kdf cf]u6]/ /fv]sf 5g\ .

;+;bLo ;ldlt oltv]/ o;df ;+nUg bf]ifLx¿sf] 5fglag u/]/ sf/afxLsf] l;kmfl/; ug'{kg]{df ;fdfGo k|ltj]bg dfq tof/ ug]{df nfu]sf] 5 . …;a} bnsf 7"nf g]tf x“' eGg]x¿ o;df b]lvP, To;f] x'“bf sf/afxL ug]{ s'/f ufx|f] x'g] eof]Ú– ;ldltsf csf{ Ps ;b:on] eg] . dfcf]jfbLsf] kfnfdf hyfefjL af“l8Psf] / sf/afxL ug]{ xf] eg] dx/fb]lv lnP/ e/v/} ;~rf/dGqLaf6 labf ePsf clUg ;fksf]6f;d]t sf/afxLdf kg]{ ePkl5 5fglag pk;ldltdf /x]sf dfcf]jfbL ;ef;b\ gf/fo0f bfxfnn] lj:t[t cg';Gwfgsf nflu cl3 a9\g;d]t c:jLsf/ ul//x]sf 5g\ .

tf/jfnf 6]lnkmf]g rnfpg eg]/ g]kfn :of6]nfO6, :df6{ 6]lnsdnfO{ NofP/ /ftf/ft df]afOn rnfpg nfO;]G; lb“bf s/f]8f}“ ?lkof“ clgoldttf ePsf] 5 . zfxLsfnLg >Lzzdz]/b]lv of] z[ª\vnf ;'? ePsf] 5 . n]vfn] of] ljifo clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]unfO{ lhDdf lbg] leqL tof/L;d]t ul//x]sf] Ps ;b:on] atfP .

s;}n] klg lk|mSj]G;Lsf] dxŒj a'em]sf] 5}g eg]/ ePhlt ;a} lhDdf nufpg] / ly|hL h:tf] ;+;f/d} dx“uf] lk|mSj]G;L k/LIf0fsf gfddf lbP/ /fh:j gp7fPsf] ljifodf d'n'ssf 7"nfa8fx¿ ;a} kg]{ glthf aflx/ cfPkl5 n]vf ;ldlt;d]t lrt vfPsf] 5 . b"/;~rf/ If]qnfO{ ef“8e}nf]df k'¥ofpg dx/fsf] 7"nf] e"ldsf b]lvg'sf ;fy} /fh:j;d]t u'd]/ lghL sDkgLn] cg'lrt nfe kfPkl5 clVtof/n] ;d]t rf;f] b]vfO/x]sf] 5 .

ef/tdf o:t} vfnsf] df]afOn lk|mSj]G;L sf08df clxn] k|wfgdGqL dgdf]xg l;+x, u[xdGqL kL lrbDa/dsf] gfd d'l5Psf] 5 . k"j{;~rf/dGqL P /fhf / boflglw d/g of] sf08df k/]/ h]ndf 5g\ . t/, ;+;bLo ;ldltn] 5fglag u/]/ dx/fdfly s'g} sf/afxL ug{ ;Snf eGg]df eg] zª\sf b]lvPsf] 5 .


kDkmfsf] khgL

sf7df8f}“ . zflGt tyf k'gMlgdf{0fdGqL kDkmf e';fnn] :yfgLo zflGt ;ldltdf dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{ etL{ ug{ ljut nfdf] ;dob]lv sfo{/t sfof{no ;lrjx¿sf] s/f/ Dofb yk gu/L gof“ etL{sf nflu lj1fkg k|sflzt ug{ nufPsL 5g\ .

;fpg @* ut]leq} zflGt k|lqmof 6'ª\uf] nufpg ;]gf ;dfof]hgsf] sfd yfNg] dfcf]jfbL :yfoL sld6L a}7sn] k|lta4tf hgfPs} lbg xtf/–xtf/ sfo{/t sd{rf/LnfO{ avf{:t u/L gof“ lgo'lQmsf

nflu egf{ vf]lnPsf] xf] . nfdf] ;dob]lv sfo{/t sfof{no ;lrj Pjd\ sd{rf/Lx¿sf] s/f/ Dofb :jtM yk ug'{kg]{df ablgotk"0f{ 9ª\un] gof“ lj1fkg u/]kl5 sfo{/t sd{rf/Lx¿ cfGbf]ngdf plqPsf 5g\ . :yfgLo zflGt ;ldltsf ;lrjx¿sf] /fli6«o ;~hfnsf tkm{af6 sfo{/t sd{rf/Lx¿s} Dofb yk gul/Pdf s8f cfGbf]ng yflng] r]tfjgL lbOPsf] 5 .

pgLx¿n] k|sflzt lj1fkg /f]sL xfn sfo{/t sfof{no ;lrjx¿sf] Dofb yksf] dfu k"/f gx'“bf;Dd &! j6} lhNnfsf sfof{nox¿df clglZrtsfnLg tfnfaGbL ug]{ 3f]if0ff u/]sf 5g\ . ;~hfnsf ;+of]hs ljsf; lu/Ln] ;f] lg0f{o ab/ ug{ k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnn] kxn ug'{kg]{ dfu u/] . …pQm lg0f{o g;RofP s8feGbf s8f cfGbf]ngsf sfo{qmdx¿ ;'? u5f}{+ . To;af6 pTkGg x'g] uDeL/ kl/0ffdsf] efuLbf/ dGqL e';fn / dGqfno :jod\ /xg'kg]{5Ú– pgn] eg] . ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] ul//x]sf] cj:yfdf zflGt dGqfnonfO{ Psnf}6L dfcf]jfbLsf] etL{s]Gb| agfpg vf]Hbf klg s'g} k|ltjfb gePsf]df cfZro{ dflgPsf] 5 . hals, x/]s cfly{s jif{df :jLs[t ug'{kg]{ b/aGbL k|wfgdGqL vgfns} cWoIftfdf a;]sf] dlGqkl/ifb\sf] ;fpg !! ut]sf] a}7sn] :jLs[t u/]sf] lyof] .


Pgcf/Pgn] Pdfn]nfO{ ;DemfP

sf7df8f}“ . bf]xf]/f] gful/stfsf nflu bf}8w'k ul//x]sf u}/cfjf;Lo g]kfnLx¿n] g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nnfO{ e]6L cfkm\gf] dfuaf/] :d/0f u/fPsf 5g\ . ljb]zsf] gful/stf lnP klg g]kfnL gful/stf sfod /lx/xg'kg]{ dfu ub}{ clxn] pgLx¿n] ljleGg bnsf g]tfx¿nfO{ e]l6/x]sf 5g\ .

;ª\3sf cWoIf b]jdfg lx/frgsf] g]t[Tjdf ;f]daf/ aNv' k'u]sf] k|ltlglwd08nn] cfkm"x¿ sfdsf l;nl;nfdf dft[e"ldeGbf aflx/ /xg' k/] klg ;w}“ g]kfnL g} /x]sf] pNn]v ub}{ gful/stfsf ;DaGwdf ;+ljwfg;efleq d'Vo bn ;lDdlnt pRr:t/Lo ;ldltdf ePsf] ;xdltnfO{ gof“ ;+ljwfgdf cem :ki6 kf/L lnlka4 ug{ cfu|x u/]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 .

:d/0fkq u|x0f ub}{ dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] Ps k6s g]kfnL gful/stf k|fKt JolQm ;f] gful/stf gTofu];Dd g]kfnL gful/s g} /xg] eGg] egfOk|lt cfgf] ;xdlt /x]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxf“n] snf, Ifdtf, lzIff tyf Joj;fosf nflu ljb]lzPsf g]kfnLx¿sf] kf}/v / cg'zf;gnfO{ cfwf/ dfgL ;DalGwt b]zsf] ;+ljwfgadf]lhd gful/stf k|fKt ubf{ g]kfnL gful/stf :jtM vf/]h x'g gx'g] s'/fdf hf]8 lbg'eof] . dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] eGg'eof]– …u}/cfjf;Lo g]kfnLx¿n] p7fp“b} cfPsf] gful/stfsf] ;jfndf xfd|f] kf6L{ uDeL/ 5 / tkfO{+x¿n] p7fp“b} cfPsf] dfu ;Daf]wg ug{sf nflu kf6L{n] clwstd kxn ug]{5 .Ú

k|ltlglwd08ndf Pgcf/Pgsf pkfWoIf hLjf nfld5fg], sf]iffWoIf /fd]Zj/ ;fx, o'/f]k ;+of]hs lxtdfg u'?ª, ;fOk|;sf ;+of]hs ljZj/fh l3ld/], a]nfotsf ;+of]hs eQm u'?ª, o'/f]k ;+of]hs lxtdfg u'?ª, ;+/Ifs eLd pbf;nufot ;xefuL /x]sf] Pdfn]n] hgfPsf] 5 .

Pgcf/Pgsf] r'gfj glhls“b} ubf{ u}/cfjf;Lo g]tfx¿n] bf}8w'k tLj| agfO/x]sf 5g\ . o; qmddf clxn] jt{dfg sfo{;ldltdf /x]sf / lgjf{rg n8\g] OR5f ul//x]sf g]tfx¿n] ljleGg vfnsf nlaªx¿ ul//x]sf 5g\ . jt{dfg cWoIf lx/frg km]l/ bf]xf]l/g OR5's 5g\ eg] pkfWoIf hLjf nfld5fg]n] klg bf}8w'k a9fPsf 5g\ .


ls;fgsf] ;Dd]ng

sf7df8f}“ . clvn g]kfn ls;fg dxf;ª\3n] kf“rf}“ sf7df8f}“ lhNnf clwj]zg ug]{ ePsf] 5 . To;sf nflu k~rs[i0f >]i7sf] ;+of]hsTjdf s[i0f clwsf/L ;lrj / ;'gLt clwsf/L sf]iffWoIf /x]sf] $@ ;b:oLo cfof]hs sld6L u7g ul/Psf] 5 .

lhNnf cWoIo /fdz/0f cfn]du/ sf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg a}7sn] pQm lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . Pdfn] sf7df8f}“sf pkfWoIf s[i0f /fO{n] ls;fgx¿sf ;d:ofdf s]lGb|t eP/ sfd ug{ cfu|x ug'{eof] .


dlxnfnfO{ k|lzIf0f

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ pkTosf kf6L{ :s'n ljefun] ut z'qmaf/ pkTosf:t/Lo dlxnf e]nf ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 .

kf6L{ s]Gb|Lo sfof{no aNv'df cfof]lht e]nfdf ;xefuLx¿nfO{ tLg j6f ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbOPsf] lyof] . ;+ljwfgdf dlxnf clwsf/ / gful/stfsf] ;jfndf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pjd\ ;ef;b\ ljGbf kf08], )^*÷)^( sf] ah]6 / To;n] 5f]Psf dlxnfsf ;d:ofaf/] ;ef;b\ ;fljqf e';fn / jt{dfg /fli6«o /fhgLltsf af/]df pkTosf ;+of]hs /fh]Gb| >]i7n] k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf $$ hgf cu'jf dlxnf sfo{stf{sf] ;xeflutf lyof] .


ljBfyL{ sld6L u7g

sf7df8f}“ . cg]/f:jljo' l;Gw'nL–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ sld6Lsf] ;Dd]ngn] zlgaf/ gf} ;b:oLo ljB“yL{ sld6L u7g u/]sf] 5 .

sld6Lsf] cWoIfdf 6ª\saxfb'/ sfsL{ …lgZrnÚ, pkfWoIfdf ;/f]h bfxfn, ;lrjdf ljj]s a:g]t, sf]iffWoIfdf d's]z wdnf rog ePsf 5g\ eg] ;b:odf ?b| a/fn, /fhs'df/ s];L, bLks s];L, ;'bLk sfkm\n], ;'bLk a/fn lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ .

hgsk'/ c~rn ;Dks{ sld6L cWoIf lbjfs//fh e§/fO{sf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf d~r cWoIf tf/flglw kf]v/]n / cg]/f:jljo' s]Gb|Lo ;b:o P]gaxfb'/ dx/n] dGtJo /fv]sf lyP .


clvnnfO{ k|lzIf0f

a]gL . cg]/f:jljo' lhNnf sld6L DofUbLn] ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ k|lzIf0f lbPsf] 5 . z'qmaf/ / zlgaf/ ;~rflnt k|lzIf0fdf ;d;fdlos ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbOPsf] lyof] .

k|lzIf0fdf Pdfn] wf}nflul/ c~rn sld6Lsf k"j{;lrj gj/fh zdf{, clvnsL pkfWoIf gljgf nfdf, ;lrjfno ;b:o yf]d; af:tf]nf, klZrdf~rn Ao'/f] k|d'v lbnLk Gof}kfg], Pdfn] wf}nflul/ c~rn ;b:o e"k]Gb| yfkf, DofUbLsf cWoIf xl/s[i0f >]i7, ;lrj v'daxfb'/ aflgof“, cg]/f:jljo'sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o eLd If]qLnufotn] k|lzIf0f lbPsf lyP . klxnf] k6s lhNnfdf ul/Psf] ljBfyL{ sfo{stf{ k|lzIf0fdf %) hgfsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] cWoIf eujfg rf]vfnn] atfP .

– zs'Gtnf ;fksf]6f


n8fs'sf] cg'udg cf}krfl/stf dfq

) lzlj/sf Ps n8fs' / aflx/sL o'jtLaLrsf] ljjfxdf hGtL uPsf n8fs'n] ufp“sf o'jtL lh:Sofp“bf ufp“n] / n8fs'aLr em8k ePsf] 5.

) lzlj/glhs} /x]sf] v]n d}bfgsf ljifodf :yfgLo ufp“n] / n8fs'aLr ljjfb a9\b} hf“bf em8k ePsf] 5.

) g]tfsf ;'/Iffdf v6fOPsf n8fs'n] k|of]u u/]sf] ^$ yfg xltof/ k|fKt ePsf] 5.

gof“ afg]Zj/sf] cGt/f{li6«o ;Dd]ng s]Gb|leq :yfkgf ul/Psf] …dfcf]jfbL ;]gflwsf n8fs'sf] /]vb]v, ;dfof]hg / k'gM:yfkgf;DaGwL ;lrjfnoÚdf x/]s lbg laxfg} o:t} s'g} g s'g} hfgsf/Lsf] vft nfUg] u5{ . ut h]7 @& ut] lzlj/ cg'udgsf nflu lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] sdfG8df & d'Vo / @! ;xfos lzlj/df ;]gf, k|x/L / n8fs' ;lDdlnt 6f]nL k7fOPkl5 tL 6f]nLn] x/]s lbgsf] 36gfsf] hfgsf/L ef]lnkN6 pHofnf] gx'“b} k7fpg] u/]sf 5g\ . s'g} gof“ 36gf xf];\ jf gxf];\, …l/kf]6{Ú k7fOPs} x'G5 . t/, ljz]if k|s[ltsf 36gf ePsf] v08df To;} lbg klg l/kf]6{ k7fpg] ul/Psf] 5 . dfly plNnlvt k|ltlglwd"ns 36gf ljj/0f ltg} 6f]nLn] ;lrjfnonfO{ k7fPsfdWo]sf x'g\ . klxnf] 36gf k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnsf] u[xlhNnf Onfddf ePsf] xf], hxf“ r'nfr'nL lzlj/sf n8fs' / ufp“n]aLr em8k ePsf] lyof] . bf];|f] / t];|f] 36gf lrtjgsf] zlQmvf]/ lzlj/df vl6Psf] cg'udg 6f]nLn] k7fPsf] xf] .

n8fs' / xltof/ cg'udg ul//x]sf] cgldg kms]{kl5 Tof] sfd ;lrjfnon] ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . n8fs' / cg'udgstf{n] s] ug]{, s] gug]{, slt ;'ljwf kfpg] cflbaf/] lgb]{lzsf tof/ kf/]/ ;lrjfnon] ;a} lzlj/df # ;o %! cg'udgstf{ v6fPsf] 5 . ;xfos lzlj/df clws[t txsf lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] g]t[Tjdf @ g]kfnL ;]gf, ! k|x/L, ! ;z:q k|x/L, @ dfcf]jfbL n8fs' / % lghfdtL sd{rf/L u/L !! cg'udgstf{ vl6Psf 5g\ . To:t}, ;ft d'Vo lzlj/ / ;]gfsf] 5fpgL Aof/]sdf pk;lrjsf] g]t[Tjdf ;]gf, k|x/L / n8fs'af6 b'O{–b'O{hgf / af“sL lghfdtL sd{rf/Laf6 u/L !% hgfnfO{ v6fOPsf] 5 .

6f]nLn] x/]s lbg lzlj/df x'g] 36gfaf/] ;lrjfnonfO{ l/kf]6{ lbg] u/]sf] 5 . t/, Tof] l/kf]6{ klg k"0f{ x'g] u/]sf] 5}g . k|foM s'g lzlj/df slt n8fs' 3/labfdf a;], slt 3/labfaf6 kms]{ eGg] l/kf]6{ dfq cfpg] u/]sf] 5 . ;lrjfnon] Psk6s !@ k|ltzt;DdnfO{ 3/labfdf k7fpg] lgb]{lzsf tof/ kf/]sf] 5 . ;f]xLcg'¿k lzlj/df # b]lv !! k|ltztsf] aLrdf n8fs'x¿ labfdf a:g] u/]sf] ;lrjfno ;|f]tn] atfof] . lzlj/leq cljjflxt n8fs'x¿n] ;Gtfg hGdfpg] 36gf k|z:t x'g] u/] klg To:tf] k|s[ltsf] l/kf]6{ cfpg] gu/]sf] ;lrjfno ;|f]tn] atfof] .

;|f]tn] eGof]– …xfdL slxn]sfxL“ lzlj/ cg'udgdf hf“bf ev{/sf ;'Ts]/L k|z:t b]V5f}“, t/ To;sf] l/kf]6{ ;lrjfnodf cfp“b}g .Ú ;'Ts]/L, laxfaf/L jf To:t} k|sf/sf 36gf t k|z:t} x'g] ;lrjfno ;|f]tn] atfof] .

labfdf a;]sf n8fs'sf] hfgsf/Lafx]s cg'udg 6f]nLn] lzlj/df s'g} 6f]nL uof] eg] To:tf] cg'dlt dfUg], e|d0f ;s]kl5 hfgsf/L u/fpg], lzlj/x¿df hLcfO{h]8n] ;~rfng u/]sf ;Lkd"ns tflndsf af/]df klg ;lrjfnonfO{ l/kf]6{ ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ .

cg'udg 6f]nLn] ;lrjfnodf k7fPsf] l/kf]6{cg';f/ la/fdL labfdf a:g] n8fs'sf] ;ª\Vof cToGt} sd 5 . clwsf+z 3/labfd} a:g] u/]sf 5g\ . lzlj/leq} lrlsT;s / cf}ifwLsf] ;Dk"0f{ aGbf]a:tL ePsfn] klg la/fdL labf glnPsf] atfOG5 . Pp6f 3/labfaf6 kms]{sf] x'“b}g, csf]{ labfdf uOxfN5 . t/, 3/labfdf uPkl5 lzlj/ gkms{g] k|s[ltsf 36gfaf/] hfgsf/Ldf clxn];Dd gcfPsf] ;lrjfnon] atfof] . lzlj/df cgldg x'“bf hlt xltof/ lyP, To;df clxn] ^$ yfg ylkPsf] / uf]nf af?b klg s]xL j[l4 ePsf] 5 . ljutdf …hgo'4Úsf] jflif{sf]T;jdf xif{a9fO“sf qmddf uf]nf af?b k|of]u ug]{ u/]sfn] ;'?sf] cj:yfdf eGbf clxn] eg] sdL cfPsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

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