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d'Vo ;dfrf/
 
;ª\Vof gk'Ubf ljefhg /f]lsof]

sf7df8f}“ . dfcf]jfbLsf zLif{ g]tfaf6} rf“8} kf6L{ ljefhg x'g] cleJolQm k6s–k6s ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf k|s6 eO/x]sf 5g\ . g]tfx¿aLr tNnf]:t/df em/]/ ufnL unf}h ug]{ / cf/f]k–k|Tof/f]k nufpg] qmd klg a9\b} uPsf] 5 . cWoIf k'isdn bfxfnnfO{ pgs} sld6Lsf g]tfn] ;fj{hlgs ¿kd} ‘cGt/f{li6«o u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfsf] lgb]{zs ;Dd eg]sf 5g\ . g]tfx¿aLr ;fdfGo af]nrfn;d]t 5}g . t/ klg, kf6L{ cf}krfl/s ¿kdf ljefhg ePsf] 5}g . cflv/ o;sf k5fl8sf] sf/0f s] xf]nf <

dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tsf cg';f/ ljefhgsf nflu ;ef;b\sf] cfjZos ;ª\Vof gk'u]s} sf/0f clxn];Dd dfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx¿ grfx“bf–grfx“b} klg Ps} 7fp“df 5g\ . pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{sf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ u7g ePkl5 dfcf]jfbLleq ablnPsf] ;dLs/0fn] cfGtl/s ;ª\3if{nfO{ emg\ pTsif{df k'¥ofPsf] lyof] . ;/sf/ u7g;“u} wf]aL3f6 u7aGwg eTs]kl5 csf{ pkfWoIf df]xg j}B …ls/0fÚ ;d"xn] k6s–k6s kf6L{ ljefhg x'g] r]tfjgL lb“b} cfPsf 5g\ . kf6L{ leq}af6 zflGt / ;+ljwfglj/f]wL v]df eg]/ lrq0f ul/Psf] of] kIfn] ;+:yfkg kIfsf lj?4 ;8s ;ª\3if{ dfq u/]gg\, ;fdfGo /fhgLlts ;+:sf/df k|ltkIfnfO{ klg gnufOg] ;ª\uLg cf/f]k nufpg] / ceb| ufnL–unf}h ug]{ sfd ;fj{hlgs ;ef–;df/f]xdfkm{t g} u/]sf] 5 .

hgljb|f]xdfkm{t g} ;QfsAhf ug'{kg]{ j}rfl/s nfOgsf] kIfkftL of] ;d"xnfO{ ;+:yfkg kIfsf g]tfn] k6s–k6s kf6L{ 5f8]/ hfg hjfkmL k|ltlqmof lbO/x]sf 5g\ . t/ klg, dfcf]jfbLleq ljlrqsf] cj:yf ljBdfg g} 5 . cWoIf bfxfnn] hf/L s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7sdf k|:t't x'g] u/]sf] k|ltj]bgdf klg …kf6L{ dl//x]sf]Ú ;Gbe{nfO{ hf]8 lbP/ pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . t/ klg, lsg ljeflht x'g ;s]sf] 5}g dfcf]jfbL < dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tsf cg';f/ clxn] ;+:yfkg kIf / c;Gt'i6 kIf Pp6} kf6L{df /lx/xg] cj:yf clnslt klg ;xh 5}g / ;DaGw ;'wfl/g] ;Defjgf klg st} 5}g . t/, kf6L{ ljefhg u/]/ c;xhtfnfO{ ;xhtfdf ¿kfGt/0f u/fpg ;+;b\df /x]sf] ;ª\Vofn] tuf/f] xfn]sf] atfOG5 .

;+;bLo lgodfjnLcg';f/ kf6L{ ljefhgsf nflu $) k|ltzt ;ef;b\sf] ;dy{g rflxG5 . clxn] dfcf]jfbL;“u @ ;o #* hgf ;ef;b\ 5g\ . ljefhgsf nflu j}B ;d"xnfO{ sDtLdf (% hgf ;ef;b\sf] ;dy{g cfjZos k5{ . t/, Tof] ;ª\Vof h'6fpg j}B ;d"xsf nflu kxf8 kmf]g'{h:t} ePsf] atfOG5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/ j}B ;d"x;“u clxn] &# hgf ;ef;b\ dfq 5g\ . cem}, ;+:yfkg kIfn] t j}B ;d"x;“u kf“r bh{geGbf a9L ;ef;b\ gePsf] bfaL u/]sf] 5 . ;+;bLo bn ljefhgsf nflu rflxg] $) k|ltzt ;ª\Vofsf] cfjZostf s]Gb|Lo sld6L ljefhgdf klg k5{ . !$& ;b:oLo dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|Lo sld6Ldf j}B;“u $^ hgf dfq 5g\ . hals, s]Gb|Lo sld6L ljefhgsf nflu %( hgfsf] cfjZostf k5{ . e§/fO{ g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/sf dGqLsf] af“6kmf“6df s'/f gldn]kl5 lrl9“b} uPsf] j}B ;d"xn] k6s–k6s ljefhgsf nflu u'0fk"/s ;ª\Vof k'¥ofpg k|oTg ub}{ cfPsf] atfOG5 . t/, cg]s k|oTg ubf{ klg ;Dej gePkl5 ;f] ;d"xsf s]xL g]tfaf6} kf6L{ gkm'6\g] t/ ;ª\3if{ hf/L /xg] cleJolQm klg lbg] u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . t/, u'0fk"/s ;ª\Vof gk'u]sf] s'/fnfO{ j}B ;d"xsf g]tf xl/eQm s“8]n dfGg tof/ 5}gg\ . a'waf/;“u s'/f ub}{ pgn] eg]– …To;/L ;f]r]sf] xf] eg] xfdLn] plxNo} $) k|ltzt k'¥ofO;SYof}“ . clxn]sf] ax; km'6\g] ls h'6\g] eGg]df s]lGb|t g} 5}gÚ– s“8]nn] eg]– …xfdLn] s]Gb|Lo sld6Ldf j}rfl/s km/s dt /fv]sf 5f}“, of] a}7s s;/L 6'ª\luG5 To;kl5 s;/L ;f]Rg] eGg] 6'ª\uf] nfU5 .Ú To;f] t kf6L{ ljefhgs} ljifodf j}B ;d"xleq} b'O{ wf/ /x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . j}B :jod\ tTsfn kf6L{ ljefhgsf] ljkIfdf /x] klg dxf;lrj /fdaxfb'/ yfkf, :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o g]qljqmd rGbnufotsf g]tf kf6L{ ljefhgsf] kIfdf /x]sf] atfOG5 . ut sflQsdf gof“ afg]Zj/sf] s[i0fef]u kf6L{ Kofn];df ePsf] j}B kIfLo e]nfdf afbnnfO{ cWoIf agfP/ kf6L{ ljefhg ug'{kg]{;Ddsf ax; ePkl5 afbn ljefhgsf nflu a9L nfnlot ePsf] atfOG5 . d"ntM ljefhgsf nflu u'0fk"/s ;ª\Vofsf] sdLn] hsl8Psf] dfcf]jfbLleqsf] ;ª\3if{ ;+ljwfg;ef /x];Dd olts} /lx/xg] b]lvPsf] 5 .

cWoIfdfly j}Bsf] cf/f]k

u[xsfo{ gk'u]sf] eGb} k6s–k6s :ylut x'“b} cfPsf] dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s hf/L 5 . cfOtaf/ cWoIfn] a}7sdf k|:t't u/]sf] /fhgLlts k|ltj]bgk|lt c;xdlt hgfp“b} j}Bn] km/s k|:tfj k]; ug{ ;do dfu u/]sf lyP . lxhf] k'gM a;]sf] a}7sdf j}Bn] ;dfgfGt/ /fhgLlts k|ltj]bg k]; u/]sf 5g\ . b'j} k|:tfjdfly cfhaf6 5nkmn x'g] ePsf] 5 .

j}Bn] k|:t't u/]sf] k|ltj]bgdf cWoIf bfxfndfly bh{gf}“ cf/f]k nufOPsf 5g\ . ju{;ª\3if{ / b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{sf] hl6ntf / ;RrfOnfO{ cWoIfsf] k|ltj]bgn] cfTd;ft gu/]sf sf/0f cfkm"n] ;dfgfGt/ k|ltj]bg Nofpg'k/]sf] pNn]v ub}{ j}Bn] cWoIf bfxfnnfO{ gf]s/zfx bnfn / k'“hLjfbk/:tsf] cf/f]k nufPsf 5g\ . To:t}, cWoIf bfxfnsf] b[li6df zflGtsf] cy{ hgd'lQm ;]gfsf] lgMz:qLs/0f tyf cfTd;dk{0f, ;+ljwfgsf] cy{ ;+;bjfbL ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / ;/sf/sf] cy{ k'/fgf] /fHo dl;g/Lsf] bf;Tjsf] :jLs[lt ePsf] klg j}Bn] pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . …kf6L{ oyfy{df dl//x]sf]Ú eGg] bfxfnsf] k|ltj]bgdf plNnlvt s'/f ;f“rf] ePsf] / To;sf] s]Gb|ljGb' :jod\ cWoIf ePsf] klg j}Bn] pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . ;fd"lxs lg0f{o, JolQmut lhDd]jf/L, hgjfbL s]Gb|Lotf, cfly{s kf/blz{tfh:tf s'/fnfO{ JolQmut a'N8f]h/n] s'Nr]sf] klg j}Bsf] cf/f]k 5 . sG6]g/sf] rfaL x:tfGt/0f, rf/a'b“], ;fta'“b]h:tf ;xdltnfO{ kf6L{sf ;ldltåf/f cg'df]lbt ePsf eGb} cWoIfn] ljt08fjfbL z}nLdf ;km]b em"6 af]n]sf] klg j}Bsf] cf/f]k 5 .

bfxfnsf] k|ltj]bg ax'dtn] kfl/t x'g]

cWoIf bfxfn / pkfWoIf j}B b'j}sf k|ltj]bgdfly cfhaf6 a}7sdf 5nkmn ;'? x'“b} 5 . s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf ;+:yfkg kIf ef/L ax'dtdf 5 . To;}n] ax'dtsf cfwf/df cWoIfs} k|ltj]bg kfl/t x'g] atfOG5 . dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tn] eGof]– …cWoIfsf] k|ltj]bg ax'dtn] kfl/t x'G5, j}Bsf] k|ltj]bg klg 5nkmnsf nflu tNnf sld6L;Dd n}hfg lbg] lg0f{o x'G5 .Ú kfn'ª6f/ e]nfkl5sf] s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7sdf pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{sf] km/s /fhgLlts k|ltj]bgnfO{ klg tNnf sld6L;Dd 5nkmndf n}hfg lbg] u/L cWoIfsf] k|ltj]bg ax'dtn] kfl/t ul/Psf] lyof] . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …To;a]nf e§/fO{n] km/s dt /fVg kfpg] t/ lnlvt k|ltj]bg tNnf sld6Ldf gn}hfg] lg0f{o ePsf] xf], t/ o;k6s j}Bsf] lnlvt k|ltj]bg g} n}hfg lbg] ;Defjgf 5 .Ú


kb l5lgG5 ls eg]/ k|r08 lrlGtt

df]xg j}B
;fª\u7lgs ;d:of

cfh kf6L{df hgjfbL s]Gb|Lotf, cfTdfnf]rgf–cfnf]rgf, ;fd"lxs lg0f{o / JolQmut lhDd]jf/L, sld6L tyf g]t[Tj k|0ffnL, sfo{z}nL tyf k4lt, cfly{s k|0ffnL, hglbzf, sfo{stf{ gLlt, cGt/f{li6«o efOrf/f ;DaGw;lxtsf] ;du| Joj:yf c:tJo:t x'“b} uO/x]sf] 5 . kf6L{ pRr / lgDg ju{df ljeflht x'g', kf6L{nfO{ d'VotM qmflGt tyf ju{;ª\3if{ geO{ ;'wf/jfb tyf ;Demf}tfjfbsf] ;fwg agfOg', g]t[Tjsf sltko lhDd]jf/ sd/]8x¿;lxt d"n g]t[Tjdf Ps};fy gf]s/zfxLkg tyf c/fhstfjfb b]vfkg'{ / d"n g]t[Tjaf6 g} kf6L{ lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug'{sf] ;f6f] pN6} ltgsf] pNnª\3g ub}{ lx“8\g' g} kf6L{hLjg c:tJo:t x'g'sf d"n sf/0f x'g\ . t;y{, kf6L{df ljBdfg ;d:ofx¿sf] ;dfwfgsf nflu klg ;j{k|yd d"n g]t[Tj g} / To;kl5 ;du| g]t[Tjkª\lQm sdL, sdhf]/Lx¿nfO{ ;Rofp“b} ¿kfGtl/t aGg h?/L 5 .

zflGt / ;+ljwfg

xfdL zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] kIfdf 5f}“, k/Gt' xfdL /fi6« tyf hglj/f]wL zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] kIfdf 5}gf}“ . b]z / hgtfsf] kIfdf zflGt :yfkgf ug{sf nflu /fli6«o ;'/Iff gLltsf] lgwf{/0f, hg;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0f, ;Ddfghgs ¿kdf ;]gf ;dfof]hg h:tf ljifox¿ cfjZos /x]sf 5g\ . k/Gt' oL s'/fdf Wofg glbO{ ckdfghgs ¿kdf hgd'lQm ;]gfsf] lj36g ul/“b} 5 . hgd'lQm ;]gfsf] ;dfof]hg P;P;cf/sf] xf]Og, JolQmut egf{ tyf lgMz:qLs/0fsf] df]8fln6L 8L8Lcf/ cg';f/ eO/x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L, hgtfsf] kIfdf

;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug]{ eg]sf] ;fdGtjfb tyf ;fd|fHojfb lj/f]wL ;f/tTjdf cfwfl/t gof“ cfwf/df /fHosf] k'gM;+/rgf, dhb'/, ls;fgnufot hgtfsf clwsf/sf] :yfkgf dlxnf, blnt tyf d'l:nd ;d'bfosf nflu ljz]ifflwsf/, hghflt tyf dw];L ;d'bfosf nflu cfTdlg0f{osf] clwsf/sf] :jLs[lt tyf hftLo :jfoQ zf;gsf] :yfkgf;lxt hgtfsf] ;ª\3Lo u0ftGqfTds ;+ljwfg xf] .

cfh o; k|sf/sf] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] ;Defjgf klg cToGt} IfL0f x'“b} uO/x]sf] b]lvG5 . lsgeg] b]zL tyf ljb]zL k|ltlqmofjfbLx¿åf/f PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_nfO{ ;+;b\jfb tyf /fli6«o cfTd;dk{0fjfbsf] ef;df km;fpg] / km]l/ klg hgtfnfO{ wf]sf lbg] tyf uDeL/ ljZjf;3ft ug]{ eLif0f k|sf/sf if8\oGqx¿ eO/x]sf 5g . of] l:yltdf b]z tyf hgtfsf] kIfdf zflGt k|lqmof cufl8 a9\g] cj:yf g} b]lv“b}g / ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0f x'g] ;Defjgf klg Go"g x'“b} uPsf] 5 .

;8s, ;bg / ;/sf/

hgtfsf] kIfdf zflGt tyf ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] k|lqmofnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg / ;f] x'g g;s]sf] l:yltdf gof“ qmflGtsf] tof/Lsf nflu xfdLn] ;8s, ;bg / ;/sf/sf df]rf{x¿sf] k|of]u ug]{ lg0f{o ln“b} cfPsf 5f}“ . k/Gt', oL df]rf{sf] ;xL k|of]u x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .

;8saf6 kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;ª\3if{sf] s'g} sfo{qmd lbOPsf] 5}g / ;8s sl/a l/Qf] aGb} uPsf] 5 . ;bg cyf{t\ ;+ljwfg;efdf ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0fdf ;DalGwt s}of}“ sd/]8x¿n] oy]i6 e"ldsf lgjf{x ub}{ cfP klg :jod\ d"n g]t[Tjaf6} hgtfsf] kIfdf v]Ng'kg]{ e"ldsfsf] k6Ss} lgjf{x ug{ ;lsPsf] 5}g, a? pN6f] sfd ePsf] 5 . ljjfb ;dfwfg pk;ldltdf cWoIf sd/]8 a:g' x'“b}g egL ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf lg0f{o lnOPsf] / ;f] lg0f{osf] pk]Iff u/L a:g] u/]sf]df af/Daf/ ga:g Wofgfsif{0f u/fPsf] l:yltdf kf6L{ lg0f{oljk/Lt pxf“ ;f] pk;ldltdf a:b} cfpg'ePsf] tyf cglws[t ¿kdf kf6L{sf k|:tfjx¿nfO{ 5f]8\b} uO/xg'ePsf] 5 . xfd|f ;ef;b\x¿n] ;ª\3if{sf aLraf6 ax'dtåf/f kfl/t u/fOPsf k|ltj]bgx¿af6 cWoIf sd/]8af6 s}of}“ ljifox¿nfO{ cglws[t ¿kdf vf/]h ug]{ sfd ul/Psf] 5 . ;+ljwfg;efdf gf]s/zfx tyf bnfn k'“hLklt ju{sf] k|e'Tj a9\b} uPsf] 5 / To;df :jod\ cWoIf sd/]8af6 k"/f ;fy lbg] sfd x'“b} cfPsf] 5 . of] l:ylt sfod /lx/x]df ;+ljwfg;efsf] cf}lrTo klg emG8} ;dfKt x'“b} uPsf] 5 .

;/sf/df /x]/ b]z, hgtf / qmflGtsf] kIfdf x:tIf]k ug]{ s'/f t k/} hfcf];\ pN6} lj/f]wdf hfg] sfd ePsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbL g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x¿dfly hgo'4df nufOPsf d'2fx¿ lkmtf{ lng] jf vf/]h ug]{ ;xdlt eP klg To;tkm{ s'g} Wofg lbOPsf] 5}g . kmntM hgo'4sfnLg d'2f nufO{ dfcf]jfbL g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ km;fpgsf nflu cem} uDeL/ if8\oGq /Rg] sfd eO/x]sf] 5 . To:t}, ;/sf/df /x]/ /fli6«o :jfwLgtfsf] /Iff ug'{sf] ;f6f] pN6} lj:tf/jfbsf] kIfdf låkIfLo nufgL k|j4{g tyf ;+/If0f ;Demf}tf -laKkf_ ul/Psf] 5 / o;af6 :jtGq /fli6«o cy{tGqsf] lgdf{0fdf yk Jojwfg k}bf ePsf] 5 . dxfg\ hgo'4sf] k|lqmofdf hgtfåf/f sAhf ul/Psf hUufaf6 pgLx¿nfO{ qmflGtsf/L e"ld;'wf/sf] dfGotfcg'¿k j}slNks Joj:yf gu/L x6fpg vf]lh“b} 5 . dhb'/x¿sf] xslxtdf sfd ug'{ t k/} hfcf];\ pN6} pgLx¿nfO{ cfGbf]ng ug]{ clwsf/af6 klg jl~rt ul/“b} 5 . ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tjdf /x]sf lhDd]jf/ sd/]8x¿af6 kf6L{sf] sfo{lbzf, lg0f{o, lgb]{zg Pjd\ ;+oGqsf] lvNnL p8fp“b} c/fhs 9ª\un] k]; x'g] sfd ul/Psf] 5 . of] l:yltdf kf6L{ ;/sf/df /xg'sf] s'g} cf}lrTo 5}g .

b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{

kf6L{df nfdf] ;dob]lv ljleGg r/0f x'“b} b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{ rNb} cfPsf] 5 . b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{sf] d"n ljifo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqd} cl8P/ a:g] ls hgtfsf] ;ª\3Lo u0ftGqdf hfg], qmflGtnfO{ ;+;b\jfbdf nu]/ la;fpg] ls hgljb|f]xsf] tof/L ug]{, b]zsf] /fli6«o :jfwLgtfsf] /Iff ug]{ ls /fli6«o cfTd;dk{0fjfbsf] af6f] ks8\g], /fli6«otf, hgtGq tyf hghLljsfsf cfwf/e"t ;d:ofx¿sf] ;dfwfg ub}{ ;Ddfghgs ¿kdf ;]gf ;dfof]hg;lxt zflGtsf] k|lqmofdf hfg] ls k'/fgf] /fHo;Qfl;t 3'“8f 6]Sg], ;fdGtjfb–;fd|fHojfblj/f]wL ;f/tTj ePsf] ;+ljwfg agfpg] ls ;+;b\jfbL kZrufdL ;+ljwfg agfpg] eGg] g} x'g\ .

kf6L{df of] b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{ lgs} cf/f]x cj/f]xdo 9ª\un] cufl8 a9]sf] 5 . kfn'ª6f/otfsf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt a}7sdf cfp“bf;Dd kf6L{df qmflGtsf/L sfo{lbzf g} kfl/t ul/Psf] lyof] . k/Gt' ha To;sf] sfof{Gjogsf] k|Zg k}bf eof] Tof] a]nf l:ylt qmdzM plN6“b} uof] / @)^* j}zfvsf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7s;Dd cfp“bf kf6L{sf] qmflGtsf/L sfo{lbzf cNkdtdf k¥of] . Tof] a]nfb]lv kf6L{sf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ aGg] k|lqmof x'“b} clxn];Dd cfp“bf l:ylt k"/} plN6g k'u]sf] 5 . @)^* h]7df :yfoL ;ldltdf ul/Psf] ;]gf ;dfof]hg;DaGwL lg0f{o, dw];Ll;tsf] rf/a'“b] ;xdlt, rfaL x:tfGt/0f, hgo'4sfndf sAhf ul/Psf 3/hUuf lkmtf{ u/fpg :yfgLo k|zf;gnfO{ lbOPsf] lgb]{zg, laKkf k|s/0f, ;]gf ;dfof]hg;lxtsf] ;fta'“b] ;Demf}tf o;} pn6km]/sf s]xL pbfx/0f x'g\ .

b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{nfO{ s'g lbzf k|bfg ug]{ eGg] ljifodf d"n g]t[Tjsf] lg0ff{os e"ldsf x'G5 . ju{;ª\3if{df h:t} b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{df klg d"n g]t[Tjn] qmflGtsf/L 9ª\un] /0fgLlt / sfo{gLltdf v]Ng'kg]{ x'G5 . k/Gt', b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{sf] k|lqmofdf xfd|f] d"n g]t[Tjn] pN6f] 9ª\un] /0fgLlt / sfo{gLltdf v]Ng] sfd u¥of] . To;n] dfcf]sf] …tLg u/ / tLg gu/Úsf] ljk/Lt e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{ k'Uof] . of] ;du| k|lqmofdf d"n g]t[Tjaf6 qmflGtsf/L kª\lQm tyf sfo{lbzfsf] lj/f]wdf 5n5fd ug]{, s"6gLltdf v]Ng], c:ki6 tyf cd"t{ 9ª\un] k]; x'g], unfpg] Pjd\ ysfpg], klxn] u'lnof] r6fp“b} e'nfpg] / cGTodf wf]sf lbg] /0fgLlt cjnDag ub}{ cfpg] sfd ePsf] 5 . o;k|sf/sf] /0fgLltn] ju{b'ZdgnfO{ g} kmfObf k'¥ofp“5 / k'¥ofp“b} cfPsf] klg 5 .

o;}u/L, d"n g]t[Tjaf6} b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{nfO{ c:j:y ¿k lbg] sfd x'“b} cfPsf] 5 . cWoIf sd/]8n] wf]aL3f6 ;xdlt …ckljq u7aGwgÚ atfp“b} cfpg'ePsf] 5 . k/Gt' clxn] pxf“ sf];“u s] s:tf] u7aGwg ub}{ x'g'x'G5 s'/f ;':ki6 5 . pxf“af6} leGg dt /fVg] sd/]8x¿dfly dGqL tyf kb gkfPsf]df c;Gt'i6 ePsf eGb} cgu{n cf/f]k nufp“b} l;4fGt, ljrf/ tyf gLltdf cfwfl/t b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{sf] cjd"Nog ub}{ cfpg] sfd ePsf] 5 . cflv/ wf]aL3f6sf] ;xdltn] cfkm\g} kb l5lgG5 ls eg]/ pxf“ slt lrlGtt x'g'x'GYof] Tof] s'/f huhfx]/ 5 . j:t'tM k|Zg kbsf] xf]Og d'VotM qmflGt, l;4fGt / gLlts} xf] .

cflv/df ca kf6L{df rNg] b'O{ nfOg ;ª\3if{ clehft ju{ / lgDg ju{sf] ;ª\3if{sf] ¿kdf kl/0ft x'“b} uPsf] 5 . qmflGtsf/L wf/fsf] k/fho / cj;/jfbL wf/fsf] ljho x'“b} uO/x]sf] 5 . ca kf6L{nfO{ blIf0fkGyL cj;/jfb / /fli6«o cfTd;dk{0fjfbsf] lbzflt/ tLj| a]udf x'TofO“b} 5 . cem} klg s]xL ;do 5, xfdLn] kf6L{nfO{ To;k|sf/sf] b'3{6gfaf6 arfpg / qmflGtsf/L lbzfdf ¿kfGt/0f ug{sf nflu ljz]if e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{ cfjZos 5 / ug}{ kb{5 .

cfhsf] e"d08nLs[t ;fd|fHojfb / ;j{xf/f qmflGtsf] o'udf ;j{xf/f ju{sf g]tfx¿sf] cflehfToLs/0f x'g], kf6L{df ju{b'Zdgsf] 3';k}7 a9\g hfg] / l;4fGt tyf /fhgLltsf] aGWofs/0f ul/g] k|lqmof tLj| ¿kdf cufl8 a9\g] ub{5 . o; s'/fk|lt ;a} ;ts{ x'g h?/L 5 .


;d:of ;dfwfgsf Go"gtd pkfo

!= kfn'ª6f/kl5sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf kfl/t /fhgLlts k|:tfjnfO{ cfwf/ agfp“b} tyf To;nfO{ kl/dflh{t ub}{ cufl8 a9\g] .

@= kf6L{sf pkfWoIf tyf dxf;lrj sd/]8af6 s]Gb|Lo sfof{nodf ljleGg ldltx¿df k|:t't ul/Psf rf/a'“b] ;xdlt, sG6]g/sf] rfaL;“u ;DalGwt ljifo, 3/hUuf sAhf ug{ :yfgLo k|zf;gnfO{ lbOPsf] lgb]{zg, ;]gf ;dfof]hg;lxtsf] ;fta'“b] ;Demf}tf tyf laKkfnufotsf alxu{dgsf k/]sf hgd'lQm ;]gfsf dfux¿sf] ;Daf]wg, jfO{;LPn tyf :jod\;]js bndf sfo{/t hgd'lQm ;]gfsf of]4fx¿sf nflu plrt Kofs]hsf]] Joj:yf, g]t[Tjsf] ;'/Iffy{ vl6Psf hgd'lQm ;]gfsf ;b:ox¿sf] s6f}tL ul/Psf] ;Dk"0f{ eQfsf] e'QmfgL, 3fOt]x¿sf] juL{s/0f u/L tbg'¿k k]G;g, /f]huf/L tyf Kofs]hsf] Gofof]lrt Joj:yf;lxtsf ljifo tyf ;d:ofx¿sf] ;xL ljZn]if0f tyf ;Daf]wg;lxt ;dfwfg ug]{ .

#= ;/sf/af6 kf6L{ k|ltlglwx¿nfO{ lkmtf{ af]nfpg] . ;bgsf] df]rf{nfO{ k|efjsf/L 9ª\un] ;~rfng ug]{ / ;8ssf] df]rf{nfO{ k|fyldstf lbg] .

$= hgtfsf] ;ª\3Lo u0ftGqdf cfwfl/t ;fdGtjfb tyf ;fd|fHojfblj/f]wL ;f/tTj ePsf] ;+ljwfg agfpg] . ;f] ;+ljwfgdf dhb'/ tyf ls;fg ju{sf xslxt Pjd\ k|ltlglwTj, dlxnf, blnt tyf d'l:nd ;d'bfonfO{ ljz]ifflwsf/, hghflt tyf dw];L ;d'bfosf] cfTdlg0f{osf] clwsf/sf] ;}4flGts :jLs[lt;lxt hftLo :jfoQ zf;g, gof“ cfwf/df /fHosf] k'gM;+/rgf, k"0f{ ;dfg'kflts tyf ;dfj]zL k|ltlglwTj;lxt hgtfsf clwsf/nfO{ ;'lglZrt ug]{ .

%= b]z tyf hgtfsf] kIfdf zflGt k|lqmof cufl8 a9\g] / hg;+ljwfg aGg] l:ylt gePdf hgd'lQm ;]gfsf] ;dfof]hg / ;+;bjfbL Pjd\ hglj/f]wL ;+ljwfg agfpg]lt/ ghfg] / leGg kl/l:yltdf qmflGtnfO{ gof“ 9ª\un] cufl8 a9fpg] .

^= b]zsf] /fli6«o :jfwLgtf tyf ;fj{ef}ldstfsf] /Iffsf] k|Zgdf uDeL/ aGg] / ;g\ !(%) nufotsf c;dfg ;lGw ;Demf}tf, ;xdltsf] vf/]hL, hg;+ljwfg lgdf{0f, qmflGtsf/L e"ld;'wf/;lxt hghLljsfsf hNbfaNbf ;d:ofnfO{ lnO{ ;ª\3if{df hfg] .

=&= kf6L{df hgjfbL s]Gb|Lotf, sld6L Joj:yf tyf ;fd"lxs g]t[Tj k|0ffnLnfO{ k'gM :yflkt ug]{ .

*= hg;/f]sf/;“u ;DalGwt leGg dtdf cfwfl/t ljrf/nfO{ ;fj{hlgs ug{ kfOg] / cfnf]rgfdf :jtGqtf tyf sfd sf/afxLdf Ps¿ktfsf] dfGotfnfO{ sfof{Gjog ug]{ .

(= kf6L{sf] ;f+:s[lts, /fhgLlts tyf ;fª\u7lgs hLjgnfO{ gof“ 9ª\un] ljsl;t t'Nofpgsf nflu Go"gtd dfkb08 lgwf{/0f u/L tTsfn Jojxf/df hfg] / gof“ 9ª\usf] kf6L{ lgdf{0fsf nflu cfwf/ agfpg] .

!)= xfnnfO{ ju{;ª\3if{sf ;d:ofx¿sf] ;dfwfg;“u ;DalGwt ljifonfO{ k|wfgtf lbg] / pQm ljifox¿sf] ;dfwfg ePkl5 dxflwj]zgsf] tof/Ldf hfg] .

!!= ;lxb tyf a]kQf of]4fsf kl/jf/x¿sf] ;d'lrt ;Ddfg tyf /fxt k|bfg / ckfª\u Pjd\ 3fOt]x¿nfO{ ;d'lrt pkrf/sf] Joj:yf tyf /fxt k|bfg, a]kQf of]4fx¿sf] ;fj{hlgsLs/0f ug{sf nflu ljz]if Wofg lbg] .

!@= kf6L{sf] cfly{s k|0ffnLsf] ;xL Joj:yfkg, n]vfhf]vf tyf kf/bzL{ agfpg hf]8 lbg], lzlj/sf] cBfjlws ;Dk"0f{ lx;fa–lstfasf] ;fj{hlgsLs/0f ug]{, hgd'lQm ;]gfsf] ;Dk"0f{ ;l~rt sf]if tyf lhG;L kf/bzL{ ub}{ To;sf] Gofof]lrt ljt/0fsf] Joj:yf ldnfpg] .

-dfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf j}Båf/f rfn" s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7sdf …uDeL/ aGb} uPsf qmflGt tyf kf6L{sf ;d:of / ltgsf] ;dfwfgaf/]Ú zLif{s k|ltj]bgsf ;Dkflbt c+z_


Pdfn]df kl/dflh{t k|:tfj cfpg]

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf] cfp“bf] z'qmaf/ a:g] :yfoL ;ldlt a}7sdf kf6L{ Pstf;DaGwL kl/dflh{t k|:tfj cfpg] ePsf] 5 . ut cfOtaf/ a;]sf] :yfoL ;ldlt a}7sdf cWoIf emngfy vgfnåf/f k|:t't k|:tfj c¿ g]tfx¿n] lbPsf ;'emfjx¿nfO{ ;dfj]z u/L k'gM k|:t't ug{ nfluPsf] yfxf ePsf] 5 .

Pdfn]df nfdf] ;dob]lv /x“b} cfPsf] cfGtl/s ljjfb xn ug]{af/] g]tfx¿aLr ljleGg r/0fdf eO/x]sf 5nkmnsf cfwf/df cWoIf vgfnn] !@ a'“b] k|:tfj k]; ug'{ePsf] lyof] . cWoIfsf] pQm k|:tfjdf kf6L{nfO{ klxnf] /fhgLlts zlQm agfpgsf nflu cfGtl/s Pstf h?/L ePsf] pNn]v ub}{ To;sf nflu g]tfx¿aLr xflb{stf / Pstf x'g'kg]{df hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 . t/, c¿ g]tfx¿n] pQm k|ltj]bgdf s], slt / s;sf sf/0f ljutdf Pstf sfod x'g ;s]g < k4lt, ljwfg / lg0f{ox¿sf] pNnª\3g sf]af6 s;/L eof] eGg]af/]df 7f]; s'/f pNn]v gu/L vfnL Pstfsf ;Gbe{df dfq rrf{ ul/Psf] eGb} j:t'lgi7 sf/0fx¿sf] vf]hL gu/];Dd To:tf] Pstf zAbdf dfq ;Lldt /xg] ;'emfj lbPsf lyP . dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nsf] egfO p4[t ub}{ ;|f]tn] eGof]– …ljutdf xfdLn] cfkm\g} kf6L{sf] ;/sf/ x'“bf dfcf]jfbLsf] ;dy{g u/]/ jQmJo lgsfn]sf 5f}“, ;8sdf plqg cfx\jfg u/]sf 5f}“ . clxn] Pstfsf] lk|o s'/f ul//x“bf tL s'/fx¿nfO{ :jLsf/ ug'{kb{5 ls kb}{g <Ú To;kl5 a}7sn] a]Un} df]8 lnPsf] / Pstfsf nflu cfwf/ tyf sf/0fx¿sf] j:t'lgi7 ;dLIff x'g'kg]{df ;a} g]tfx¿sf] Ps dt ePsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

Pdfn]df s'g} klg g]tf Pstfsf ljkIfdf gpleP klg pkfWoIf jfdb]j uf}tdn] a}7sdf k|:tfj u/]em}“ …ls of] k|:tfj cfh} kfl/t u/f}“, gq eg] lkmtf{ lncf}“Ú eGg] wf/0ff;“u eg] c¿ s'g} klg g]tf ;xdt b]lvg'ePg . kmntM a}7sdf p7]sf s'/fx¿nfO{ uDeL/tfk"j{s lnP/ ;f“rf] Pstfsf nflu 7f]; k|:tfj tof/ u/L csf]{ a}7sdf k]; ug{ a}7sn] cWoIfnfO{ lgb]{zg lbPsf] Ps g]tfn] atfP . pgsf cg';f/, a}7sdf p7]sf efjgfx¿nfO{ cWoIfn] ;d]6]/ z'qmaf/sf] a}7sdf k]; u/]kl5 Pdfn]df Pstf k|:tfjn] ;+:yfut :j¿k u|x0f ug]{5 .

a}7sdf jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] ljutdf ePsf sdL–sdhf]/Lx¿nfO{ v'nf ¿kdf :jLsf/ u/]/ dfq g]tfx¿sf aLrdf xflb{stf ljsf; ug{ ;lsg] wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . ljutdf ePsf sdhf]/L cf}“Nofp“b} pxf“n] a}7sdf eGg'eof]– …klxnf lji0f' kf}8]nnfO{ ;+;bLo bnsf] pkg]tf agfpg] lg0f{o kf6L{n] u/]sf] lyof], Tof] sfof{Gjog ePg . kl5 zª\s/ kf]v/]nnfO{ klg ;+;bLo ljefu k|d'v / bnsf] pkg]tf agfpg] lg0f{o eof], Tof] klg sfof{Gjog ePg . tL lg0f{ox¿ lsg sfof{Gjog ePgg\ < To;df s;sf] sdhf]/L /x\of] < oL s'/fx¿ ug'{k5{ ls kb}{g <Ú cfkm\gf] egfO hf/L /fVb} g]tf g]kfnn] k|Zg ug'{eof]– …:yfoL ;ldltsf] a}7sn] u[x dGqfno dfcf]jfbLnfO{ glbg] ;j{;Ddt lg0f{o u/]/ lji0f' kf}8]nnfO{ u[xdGqLsf ¿kdf zky u/fpg] lg0f{o u¥of] . t/, Tof] lsg sfof{Gjog ePg <Ú To;kl5 a}7sdf Psl5g ;Ggf6f 5fPsf] lyof] .

;+ljwfg;ef ;b:o / t];|f] dof{bfqmddf /fVg] elgPsf g]tf s]kL cf]nLn] klg ljutsf] ;dLIff u/]/ cl3 a9\g cWoIf vgfnnfO{ ;'emfj lbg'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“sf] egfO lyof]– …s]xL g s]xL ;'?cft t ug'{xf];\ . ljutdf sxf“–sxf“ / s] s:tf sdhf]/L eP eGg]af/]df v'nf lbnn] 5nkmn ug'{kb{5 .Ú pkfWoIf ljBf e08f/L / ;lrj zª\s/ kf]v/]nn] klg ljutsf] j:t'lgi7 ;dLIff gu/L cl3 a9\g g;lsg] wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] /x/ k"/f ug{sf nflu xtf/df b:tfj]h kfl/t ug{ g;lsg] c8fg /fVb} ljifout / d'2fut s'/fx¿nfO{ 6'ª\uf]df k'¥ofpg'kg]{ wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] .

pkfWoIf uf}tdn] eg] k|:tfj lgs} /fd|f] /x]sf] eGb} cfh} kfl/t ug{ jf To;f] gug]{ eP lkmtf{ lng k|:tfj ug'{ePsf] lyof] . cfkm\gf] s'/fdf s;}n] ;dy{g gu/]kl5 uf}tdn] s]kL cf]nLlt/ x]b}{ eGg'eof]– …tkfO{+;“u}sf] ;Nnfxdf cWoIfn] of] k|:tfj Nofpg'ePsf] xf] . ca tkfO{+n] g} x'Gg eGg'x'G5 eg] d}n] s] eGg] <Ú pxf“n] ;dLIff cfufdL k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf ug]{ u/L clxNo} k|:tfj kfl/t ul/xfNg'kg]{ wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . cg'zf;g cfof]usf cWoIf cd[ts'df/ af]x/fsf] egfO lyof]– …/fd|f] sfd klg tl/sf k'u]g eg] lgisif{df k'Ug ;Sb}g . tkfO{+nfO{ d}n] lxhf] e]6]/ klg eg]sf] lyP“– ;/f]sf/jfnf ;a} g]tfx¿;“u 5nkmn ug'{xf];\ . t/, u[xsfo{ k'u]g . cfh} kfl/t ug'{sf] ;f6f] 5nkmn u/f}“, o;df ;xdlt sfod u/f}“ .Ú clGtddf g]tfx¿n] c¿ ;fgf jfd bn;“u Pstfsf nflu cfx\jfg ug'{kg]{, To;sf nflu sfo{bn agfpg'kg]{ / ;dLIff ubf{ cfTdfnf]rs x'g'kg]{ ;'emfj lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

aflx/ k|rf/ ul/Ph:tf] s]kL cf]nL, cd[ts'df/ af]x/f / jfdb]j uf}tdnfO{ ;ef;b\ agfpg] eGg] s'g} k|:tfj eg] a}7sdf gcfPsf] Ps g]tfn] atfP . pgsf cg';f/, 7f]; ¿kdf gelgP klg dof{bfqmd sfod /fVg] k|:tfj eg] ul/Psf] 5 . …To;df klg lglZrt dfkb08 / sfo{ljlw agfpg'kb{5 eGg] s'/f p7]sf] 5Ú– Ps g]tfn] a'waf/;“u eg]– …olQs} s;}nfO{ nfu]sf e/df o:tf] lg0f{odf k'Ug'x'“b}g, bL3{sfnLg ¿kdf glh/ a:g] u/L o:tf] cEof; cf/De ug'{kb{5 .Ú


;/sf/;“u ;]gf ;zª\lst

sf7df8f}“ . k|wfgdGqL ePsf] ef]lnkN6} 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{k|lt c;Gt'i6 ag]sf] g]kfnL ;]gf;“u pgsf] ;DaGw kl5Nnf lbgdf emg\ lrl;“b} uPsf] 5 . ;Qf l6sfpgs} nflu ;/sf/n] ;]gfsf] ;+/rgf eTsfpg] / sdfG8 sdhf]/ kfg]{ u/L ;d"xut k|j]zsf] k|of; u/]kl5 ;/sf/ / ;]gfaLrsf] ;DaGwdf yk b/f/ pTkGg ePsf] xf] .

;]gf;“us} ;DaGw ltQm agfp“b} nu]kl5 ljutdf dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/ 9n]sf] lyof] . clxn] klg ;]gf / ;/sf/aLrsf] ;DaGw leqleq} ToxL lbzftkm{ pGd'v x'g yfn]sf] ;|f]tn] atfPsf] 5 . dw];L df]rf{;“u ljjflbt ;xdlt u/]/ k|wfgdGqL ag]sf e§/fO{n] ;/sf/sf] cfo' nDAofpgs} nflu k'; % ut] dlGqkl/ifb\af6 # xhf/ dw];LnfO{ ;]gfdf ;d"xut egf{ ug]{ lg0f{o u/fPsf lyP .

;/sf/sf] pQm lg0f{osf] k|wfg;]gfklt 5qdfg u'?ªn] v'n]/} lj/f]w ub}{ lg0f{o ;Rofpg kxn;d]t u/]sf lyP . k'; & ut] /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjnfO{ e]6]/} pgn] lg0f{o ;Rofpg'kg]{ g]kfnL ;]gfsf] wf/0ff hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . pgn] o;cl3 g} k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{ / /Iff dGqfno;d]t x]l//x]sf u[xdGqL ljhos'df/ uR5bf/nfO{ e]6]/ lg0f{ok|lt c;Gt'li6 hgfPsf lyP . ;]gfn] ljleGg ;|f]tdfkm{t k|d'v /fhgLlts bnsf k|d'v g]tf;dIf c;Gt'li6 JoQm ub}{ lg0f{o ;Rofpg cfu|x ul/;s]sf] yfxf ePsf] 5 . dlGqkl/ifb\sf] lg0f{okl5 ;}lgs clwsf/LaLr hª\uL c8\8fdf lbgx'“h;f] a}7s a:g] u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . ;]fdaf/ ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] ;f] lg0f{o tTsfn sfof{Gjog gug{ cGtl/d cfb]z lbP klg ;]gf eg] 9'Ss 5}g . ;}lgs ;|f]tsf cg';f/, ;jf]{Rrsf] Tof] cfb]z clGtd geO{ cGtl/d dfq ePsfn] ;}lgs clwsf/L uDeL/ 5nkmnd} 5g\ .

;d"xut jf hftLo k|j]zn] cfkm\gf] Jofj;flos 5lj / /fli6«o rl/qdf bfu nfUg] ;]gfsf] 7DofO 5 . ;+ljwfgd} Joj:yf ePcg'¿k clxn] klg ljleGg ;d'bfosf nflu cf/If0fsf] Joj:yf u/]/ egf{ lnO/x]sfn] km]l/ 5'§} ;d"xut k|j]z u/fpg] o:tf] cEof;n] unt glh/ :yflkt x'g] / ;}lgs sdfG8 Wj:t x'g] ;}lgs clwsf/L atfp“5g\ . ;}lgs k|jQmf /dLGb| If]qL eG5g\– …clxn] klg $% k|ltzt cf/If0fsf] Joj:yf 5 . To;nfO{ ztk|ltzt dfGbf @* k|ltzt cf/If0f dw];L ;d'bfosf] efudf k5{ .Ú pgsf cg';f/ ToxL cfwf/df x]bf{ cflbjf;L÷hghfltsf nflu #@ k|ltzt, dlxnfsf nflu @) k|ltzt, blntsf nflu !% k|ltzt / lk58f ju{sf nflu % k|ltzt sf]6f cf/If0f ul/Psf] 5 . …;d"xut k|j]zsf] sfg'gL Joj:yf g} 5}g, v'nf k|lt:kwf{ / …d]l/6 j];Úsf cfwf/df dfq xfdL egf{ lnG5f}“Ú– k|jQmf If]qLn] eg] .

k|wfgdGqL lgjf{lrt ePkl5 ;lxbnfO{ ;Ddfg ug]{ / To;qmddf ;]gfn] ;Ddfg uf/y ck{0f ug]{ k/Dk/f;d]t tf]8]sf] eGb} e§/fO{;“u ;]gf To;a]nf g} c;Gt'i6 ag]sf] lyof] . cGtl/d ;+ljwfgd} ;]gfnfO{ ;dfj]zL agfpg cf/If0f Joj:yf ul/Psf] / ToxLcg'¿k ;]gfn] lgoldt egf{ k|lqmof lnO/x]sf] cj:yfdf ;d'bfoljz]ifnfO{ v';L kfg{ e§/fO{ ;/sf/n] u}/sfg'gL lg0f{o u/]kl5 ;]gf yk ;zª\lst ag]sf] atfOG5 . clxn] klg ;]gfdf ljleGg ;d'bfo, hft–hfltsf] 7"nf] ;ª\Vof 5 . t/, ;Qf l6sfpgs} nflu km]l/ dw];, hghflt, dlxnf ;a}nfO{ 5'§} ;d"xut k|j]z u/fpg] e§/fO{ ;/sf/sf] sbdn] k|wfgdGqLs} ofqfnfO{ hl6n agfp“b} nu]sf] ljZn]if0f ug{ yflnPsf] 5 .

cbfntsf] cª\s'z

;:tf] nf]slk|otfsf nflu k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{n] hlt lg0f{o u/]sf 5g\, ltgnfO{ cbfntn] cª\s'z nufp“b} cfPsf] 5 . pgsf P]ltxfl;s eGb} k|rf/ ul/Psf lg0f{onfO{ cbfntn] /f]Sg] u/]sf] 5 . a?, cbfntsf o:tf lg0f{os} sf/0f e§/fO{sf] ar]v'r]sf] ;fv lgld6\ofGg x'g eg] kfPsf] 5}g . e§/fO{ ;/sf/n] d"ntM tLgj6f lg0f{onfO{ tfdemfdsf ;fy k|rf/ u/]sf] lyof] . t/, tL ;a} c;+j}wflgs / ljjfbf:kb lyP‑ . crDd t s] eg] tL tLg}j6f lg0f{o cbfntn] /f]lslbPsf] 5 . klxnf] lg0f{o lyof]– xTof/f ;ef;b\ afns[i0f 9'ª\u]nsf] d'2f lkmtf{ . of] lg0f{o klg sfof{Gjog gu/fpg" egL cbfntn] cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] 5 eg] To;;DaGwL l/6 cem} cbfntdf ljrf/fwLg 5 . bf];|f]– laKkf ;Demf}tf . ef/tLo pBf]uL Jofkf/LnfO{ a9L lxt x'g] u/L pQm ;Demf}tf u/]kl5 k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{n] /fi6«sf nflu h'jf v]n]sf] eGb} uj{n] 5ftL km'nfPsf lyP . t/, cbfntn] Tof] ;Demf}tf sfof{Gjogsf nflu s"6gLlts k|lqmof cl3 ga9fpg cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] 5 . t];|f]– ;]gfdf # xhf/ dw];L ;d'bfosf] ;d"xut k|j]z . o;df klg cbfntn] sfof{Gjog gu/fpg cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L ul/;s]sf] 5 .

dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfn g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/sf kfnfdf klg cbfntn] ;/sf/sf lg0f{odf o;/L g} cª\s'z nufpg'k/]sf] lyof] . kz'kltdf lgo'lQm ubf{ xf];\ jf nlntsnf, k|1fnufotsf ljleGg k|lti7fgdf lgo'lQm ubf{ g} lsg gxf];\, tL ;a} lg0f{o cbfntn] /f]Sg'k/]sf] lyof] . o;af6 dfcf]jfbL sfg'gL tyf ;+j}wflgs zf;gsf] ;§f u}/sfg'gL tyf u}/;+j}wflgs af6f]af6 cl3 a9\g vf]h]sf] :ki6 x'G5 .


;+;b\df l5§} bf];|f] x'G5f}“

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] cfkm"x¿ rf“8} ;+ljwfg;efleq bf];|f] kf6L{sf ¿kdf plSng] bfaL ug'{ePsf] 5 . t/, To;sf nflu Pdfn] kª\lQmleq} ;'b[9 Pstfsf] vf“rf] /x]sf] pxf“n] cf}“Nofpg'ePsf] 5 .

Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo :jf:Yo, hg;ª\Vof tyf jftfj/0f ljefuåf/f aNv'df cfof]lht sfo{qmddf af]Nb} vgfnn] kf6L{kª\lQm Pstfa4 x'g ;s] b]zdf xnrn k}bf x'g] bfaL ug'{eof] . …xfdLx¿ olta]nf w]/} 7"nf] zlQmnfO{ cfslif{t ug]{ l:yltdf 5f}“ . c¿ kf6L{af6 w]/} ;ª\Vofdf sfo{stf{ xfd|f] kf6L{df cfpg] ;Defjgf 5Ú– vgfnn]

eGg'eof]– …cGo sltko ;d'bfo Pstfa4 x'g ;S5g\ / Pdfn] 5f]6f] ;dodf bf];|f] kf6L{df p7\g ;Sg] ;Defjgf 5 . :jod\ tL ;Defjgf ;+ljwfg;efleq klg 5 . oL ;a} ;Defjgf x]b}{ kf6L{nfO{ Pstfa4 / ;'b[9 agfpg nfu]sf 5f}“ .Ú

cGo kf6L{df g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ leœofpg'k"j{ Pdfn] cfkm}“ dha'b / Pstfa4 x'g'kg]{df cWoIf vgfnn] hf]8 lbg'eof] . ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfjdf dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ef]6 xfNg k'u]sfx¿ clxn] Pdfn]d} kmls{g rfx]sf] pxf“n] bfaL ug'{eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …uPsf] ;+ljwfg;efdf cTolws hg;d'bfosf] ;xfg'e"lt Pdfn]nfO{ lyof], t/ To;cg'¿ksf] leqL tof/L ug{ ;s]gf}“ . o;f] gubf{ hgtfsf] 7"nf] kª\lQmn] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ef]6 xfNg k'u] . t/, clxn] ltg} ef]6 xfNg]x¿ cfkm}“ c3fO;s]sf 5g\ . w]/} dfG5] Pdfn]df cfpg] tDtof/Ldf 5g\ . pgLx¿n] k'/fg} 3/ kmls{g] dgl:ylt agfPsf 5g\ . To;sf lglDt xfdLn] jftfj/0f agfOlbg'k5{ .Ú 7"nf] kª\lQm Pdfn]df k|j]z ug{ cfpg'k"j{ g]tf÷sfo{stf{ u'6aGbLljxLg x'g'kg]{ wf/0ff pxf“n] /fVg'eof] . …pxf“x¿ cfpg'k"j{ xfdLn] xfd|f] 3/ ;kmfr6\ agfP/ /fVg'k5{ . Pdfn] g} /fd|f] /x]5 eg]/ t :ki6 b]vfpg'k5{ . To;k|sf/sf] :jfutsf nflu xfdL tDtof/ x'g'k5{Ú– vgfnn] eGg'eof] . cWoIf vgfnn] cfkm\gf] dGtJo clwsf+z ;do o;df vr{ u/]kl5 sfo{stf{n] Pdfn]df 7"n} kª\lQm lelqg nfu]sf] cg'dfg u/]sf 5g\ . clxn] ;+;b\df Pdfn]eGbf % l;6n] sfª\u]|; bf];|f] zlQm 5 . olb Pdfn]n] s'g} klg ;fgf jfd;“u Pstf u/]df pm :jtM bf];|f] 7"nf] bn x'g]5 .

/fli6«o /fhgLltdf Pdfn]sf] e"ldsfnfO{ k|efjsf/L / k|jn agfpg] ;"q cfGtl/s Pstf g} ePsf] pxf“sf] egfO lyof] . …d'n'ssf lglDt Pdfn]sf] g]t[Tj ckl/xfo{ 5 . To;sf nflu klg xfdL alnof] x'g' clgjfo{ 5 . b]zsf] cv08tf / :jfwLgtfnfO{ /Iff ug{ klg Pdfn]sf] ;'b[9Ls/0f clgjfo{ 5Ú– vgfnn] eGg'eof] . cWoIf vgfnn] cfkm"n] :yfoL sld6L a}7sdf kf6L{ Pstfsf] k|:tfj NofPsf] hfgsf/L lb“b} Pdfn]sf] Pstfn] d'n'sdf xnrn Nofpg] bfaL ;d]t ug'{eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …:yfoL sld6Ldf k|:tfj /fv]sf] 5' . To;af/]df 5nkmn eO/x]sf] 5 . o;n] g]tfx¿ lgs6 cfp“b} 5g\ eGg] ;Gb]z uPsf] 5 . o;n] dfq} klg hgtf / cfd sfo{stf{aLr pdª\u / t/ª\u NofO/x]sf] 5 .Ú pxf“n] Pdfn] g]t[Tj cGt/;ª\3if{df clNem“bf /fi6«sf] ;d:of ;dfwfgsf nflu k|efjsf/L k|:t'lt k|bz{g ug{ g;s]sf] l:jsfg'{eof] . pxf“n] dfcf]jfbL / sfª\u]|; b'j} j}rfl/s / ;}4flGts ¿kdf c:ki6 ePsfn] pgLx¿n] cfd"n kl/jt{gsf] dfq} lgb]{zg ug{ g;Sg] bfaL ug'{eof] . …j}rfl/s / ;}4flGts ¿kdf clNemPsf] zlQmaf6 cfd"n kl/jt{gsf] ck]Iff ug{ ;ls“b}gÚ– vgfnn] eGg'eof]– …k|wfg cGt/lj/f]w s] xf] < zq' sf] < ldq sf] < j}rfl/s ;ª\3if{sf] k4lt s] xf] < eGg] s'/f dfcf]jfbLn] clxn];Dd 5'§Øfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . csf]{ zlQm sfª\u]|; t emg\ k'“hLklt / hldGbf/sf] kf6L{ xf] . To;}n] logLx¿af6 s'g} ck]Iff ug{ ;ls“b}g .Ú

zflGt k|lqmof;“u ;DalGwt sfd cufl8 a9] klg cWoIf vgfnn] To;sf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu ;/sf/ g} afws ePsf] atfpg'eof] . n8fs'x¿sf] juL{s/0fsf] sfd ;lsP klg ;/sf/n] pgLx¿sf] /f]hfOcg'¿ksf] /sd÷snd Joj:yf ug{ g;s]sf] atfpg'eof] . …;/sf/sf] ljnDa ug]{ gLltsf sf/0f zflGt k|lqmofdf l9nfO x'“b} uPsf] 5 . ljnDanfO{ cljnDa ;dfwfg ul/of];\Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] –…zflGt k|lqmof 6'ª\Uofpg ;/sf/n] csd{0otf, l9nf;':tL / c;d~h:otf b]vfPsf] 5 .Ú

sfo{qmdnfO{ Pdfn] ;lrj tyf /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ d"n Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf ;+of]hs o'j/fh 1jfnLn] klg ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . cfufdL kmfu'g @! ut] x'g uO/x]sf] Pdfn]sf] /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\nfO{ ;kmn agfpg ljefun] :jf:Yo pk;ldltsf] 3f]if0ff sfo{qmd u/]sf] 5 . ljefun] ! ;o !) hgfsf] pk;ldlt u7g u/]sf] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf ljefu k|d'v s[i0fuf]kfn >]i7n] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] ljefun] kl/ifb\ a}7ssf] tLg lbg;Dd sfo{qmd :yndf …ldgL xl:k6nÚ lzlj/ v8f ug]{ atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf ljefusf ;b:o tyf jl/i7 d'6'/f]u ljz]if1 8f= Zofd /]UdLn] /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\n] kf6L{sf] :ki6 :jf:Yo gLlt agfpg] ljZJff; JoQm ug'{eof] . sfo{qmddf pkl:ytnfO{ ljefusf ;b:o /fwf l;njfnn] :jfut ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


ljB't\df ab\gfds} s;/t

sf7df8f}“ . cfkm\gf] dfG5]nfO{ ljB't\ k|flws/0fsf] sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs -Pd8L_ agfpg pmhf{dGqL kf]i6axfb'/ af]u6Ln] tof/L k"/f u/]sf 5g\ . lgo'lQmsf] k|:tfj cWoog u/L kbk"lt{sf nflu l;kmfl/; ug{ eGb} af]u6Ln] o;If]qdf s'g} ;/f]sf/} gePsf JolQmnfO{ 5gf]6 ;ldltdf NofPsf 5g\ .

p2]Zod"ns 9ª\un] af]u6Ln] k"j{;x;lrj ljZj/fh /]UdLsf] cWoIftfdf tLg ;b:oLo kbk"lt{ ;ldlt agfPsf 5g\ . h;sf ;b:ox¿df /fh]Zj/k|;fb zdf{ / s'df/ lqkf7L 5g\ . pgLx¿ sf]xL klg o; If]qdf cg'ej / ljz]if1tf gePsf JolQm x'g\, h;sf] Ps dfq p2]Zo cfkm\gf] dfG5]nfO{ Pd8L agfpg' ePsf] atfOG5 .

Pp6f cK7\of/f] kl/l:ylt;“u h'lw/x]sf] k|flws/0fn] ;Ifd g]t[Tj gkfP s'g} a]nf klg 6f6 klN6g] cj:yf 5 . t/, oxLa]nf af]u6Ln] k|flws/0fdf k|lt:kwf{dfkm{t 5gf]6 ePsf bLk]Gb|gfy zdf{nfO{ /fhLgfdf ug{ afWo kf/]/ cfkm"lgs6sf] JolQm vf]lh/x]sf 5g\ . To;}sf nflu dGqLn] vf; ljz]if1tfsf] cfwf/df geO{ lgs6sf cfwf/df kbk"lt{ ;ldltsf ;b:o rog u/]sf 5g\ .

lgjt{dfg pmhf{dGqL uf]s0f{ lji6n] clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfgcfof]usf] g]t[Tj ;Dxfn]sf ;"o{gfy pkfWofo, ;kmn pBdL jL/]Gb|axfb'/ a:g]th:tf ;dfhdf k|lti7f sdfPsf JolQmnfO{ l;kmfl/; ;ldltdf NofPsf lyP, h;n] cfdhgtfsf] ljZjf; lhTg ;s]sf] lyof] . t/, clxn] sxL“st} gfd g;'lgPsf JolQmnfO{ l;kmfl/; ;ldltdf NofOPsf] 5 .

Pd8Lsf nflu !$ hgfn] cfj]bg lbPsf 5g\ . cfj]bg lbg]x¿df k|flws/0fsf ;~rfns, lgldQ / k"j{ sfo{sf/L k|d'v tyf k"j{;~rfns / sd{rf/Lx¿ /x]sf 5g\ . pQ/s'df/ >]i7, /fd]Zj/ ofbj, dx]Gb|nfn >]i7, nIdLeQm l;Nksf/, t'nf/fd lu/L, bfdf]b/eQm >]i7, clDas]z emf, 8f= s[i0fk|;fb b'nfn, x/]/fd k/fh'nL, cfgGb g]kfn, e"k]Gb|axfb'/ a:g]t, clgn emf / lbuDa/ emfn] Pd8Lsf nflu cfj]bg lbPsf 5g\ .

uGxfPsfx¿ g} cfj]bs †

abgfdL sdfPsfdWo] clwsf+zn] Pd8Lsf nflu cfj]bg xfn]sf 5g\ . o:tf abgfdL sdfPsfx¿df k"j{ Pd8L pQ/s'df/ >]i7, lgldQ Pd8L /fd]Zj/ ofbj, g]kfn cfon lgudsf lgjt{dfg Pd8L lbuDa/ emf /x]sf 5g\ . pgLx¿ abgfdL sdfO;s]sf JolQm x'g\ . …s] ug'{ / oLdWo] sf]xL Pd8L aGg] ;Defjgf alnof] 5, pmhf{ dGqfnolgs6 ;|f]tn] eGof]– …km]l/ log} e|i6x¿ gcfpnfg\ eGg ;ls“b}g .Ú pRr ;|f]tsf cg';f/ Pd8Lsf] k|lt:kwf{df ;a}eGbf a9L cfqmfds 9ª\un] log} # hgf nfu]sf 5g\ . …dGqLnfO{ hlt eP klg k};f lbg pgLx¿ tof/ 5g\Ú– ;|f]tn] eGof]– …clxn] tLg}hgf afu]{lgªdf nfu]sf 5g\ .Ú pgLx¿ dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnsf] 9f]sfb]lv dGqLsf] b}nf];Dd rxfb}{ lx“8]sf 5g\ .


rLgn] gkTofPs} k'li6

sf7df8f}“ . rLgn] …cfGtl/s sf/0fn]Ú cfkm\gf k|wfgdGqL j]g lhofjfcf]sf] g]kfn e|d0f clGtd a]nfdf /2 u/]sf] atfP klg ;'/Iffsf] sf/0f g} k|d'v /x]5 eGg] b]lvPsf] 5 . u[xdGqL ljhos'df/ uR5bf/nfO{ a]Olhªd} af]nfP/ ;'/Iffaf/] s'/f ug'{n] klg o; cfz+sfnfO{ k'li6 u/]sf] 5 .

e|d0f ldnfpg rLg uPsf k//fi6«dGqL gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7n] e|d0fsf] ;a} tof/L k"/f ePsf] eGb} ldlt dfq lgwf{/0f x'g af“sL /x]sf] atfO/x]sf a]nf j]gsf] e|d0f :ylut ePsf] lyof] . lrlgof“ kIfn] tTsfn u[xdGqL uR5bf/nfO{ e|d0fdf af]nfpg'n] >]i7sf s'/fdf rLgn] ljZjf; gu/]sf] b]lvPsf] 5 . rLgn] b"tfjf;dfkm{t crfgs k|wfgdGqLsf] e|d0f :ylut ePsf] hfgsf/L clGtd cj:yfdf lbPkl5 klg dGqL >]i7sf] r'/Lkm'/L 36]gsf] lyPg . pgn] tTsfn Ps–b'O{ lbgd} gof“ e|d0f ldlt to x'g]

atfPsf] klg b'O{ ;ftf lalt;s]sf] 5 . t/, tTsfn e|d0f ldlt to x'g] 5f“6 b]lvPsf] 5}g . a? To;cl3 g} g]kfn;“u lrlgof“ kIfn] lg/Gt/ ¿kdf a9]sf] ;'/Iff rf;f]af/] lh1f;f /fVb} rLglj/f]wL ultljlw /f]Sgsf nflu dfu u/]sf] 5 . lrlgof“ k|wfgdGqL lhofjfcf]sf] e|d0f k"0f{ ;'/lIft x'g g;Sg] lrlgof“ cfzª\sf d]6fpg ;'/Iff k|d'v;lxtsf clwsf/LnfO{ lnP/ u[xdGqL uR5bf/ g} rLg hfg'k/]sf] 5 . o;cl3sf e|d0fx¿df k//fi6«dGqL:t/Lo e|d0f;lxt Ph]G8f to ePkl5 u[xdGqL km]l/ hfg'kg]{ cj:yf gcfPsf] eP klg k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ / k//fi6«dGqL >]i7sf] ckl/kSjtfsf] sf/0f rLgn] pgLx¿af6 ;'/Iff cfZj:ttf dx;'; ug{ g;s]sf] atfOG5 .


b]z}el/ e]n}e]nf

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] ;'? u/]sf] tLgdlxg] ;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf hgkl/rfng cleofgcGtu{t b]zel/ e]n}e]nf x'g] ePsf 5g\ . cfufdL @! ut] x'g] /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ a}7scl3 Pdfn]nfO{ ;'b[9 agfpg ;f] cleofg rnfOPsf] atfOPsf] 5 .

kf6L{ ;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0f, lj:tf/ tyf tnb]lv dfly;Ddsf cGt/lj/f]w xn ug{] p2]Zon] cleofg ;'? ePsf] ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnLn] atfpg'eof] . afx|f}“ s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7sn] kf6L{ ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf hgkl/rfng cleofg @)^* ;DaGwL sfo{of]hgf kfl/t ub}{ d+l;/ t];|f] ;ftfb]lv cleofgnfO{ b]zJofkL kfg]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . ;f] cleofgsf] ;'?cft cfOtaf/ sf];L c~rnaf6 ePsf] 5 . ut !) / !! ut] ePsf] sf];Lsf] sfo{qmddf kf6L{ cWoIf emngfy vgfn, pkfWoIf jfdb]j uf}td, dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]n / :yfoL sld6L ;b:o s]kL zdf{ cf]nL ;xefuL x'g'ePsf] lyof] . kf“rf}“ zLif{ g]tf;“u;“u} b]z bf}8fxfdf hfg] sfo{qmd to eP klg g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfn eg] ljz]if sf/0fjz ;f] sfo{qmddf ;xefuL x'g ;Sg'ePg . cleofg;“u} k|To]s lhNnf lgjf{rg If]q, ufp“ x'“b} j8f:t/;Dd kf6L{ Pstfaf/] k|lzIf0fsf ;fy} Jofks ;b:otf lj:tf/ ;'? ePsf] 5 . To;nfO{ ;kmn kfg{ ;a} 7fp“df c~rn ;dGjo sld6L / lhNnf sld6Lsf a}7sx¿ a;]sf 5g\ eg] k|To]s c~rndf Ps cyjf b'O{lbg] k|lzIf0f e]nf to ePsf 5g\, h;cg';f/ wjnflul/df !( / @) ut], gf/fo0fLdf @) ut], n'lDagLdf @& ut] sfo{qmd x'g]5 . o:t}, afUdtL c~rn ;dGjo sld6Lsf] # df3df sf7df8f}“df, pkTosf ;dGjo sld6Lsf] !% ut], d]rLsf] ^ / & ut], e]/Lsf] !@ / !# ut], /fKtLsf] !# / !$ ut] tyf ;u/dfyfsf] df3 $ / % ut] e]nf x'g] yfxf ePsf] 5 .


/fhwfgL g} c;'/lIft

sf7df8f}“ . zflGt ;'/Iff / cdg–rogsf] k|aGw ug{ ;/sf/ c;kmn ePkl5 /fhwfgL g} c;'/lIft ag]sf] 5 . kl5Nnf lbgdf d'n'sleq cfk/flws lqmofsnfk a9\g yfn]kl5 hgtf cftª\lst ag]sf 5g\ .

;/sf/n] xTof, ckx/0f, n'6kf6, rf]/L, 8s}tLh:tf lqmofsnfk lgoGq0f ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g . kl5Nnf] tLg dlxgfdf bh{gsf] xTof x'g'n] zflGt ;'/Iffdf ;/sf/ gfnfos l;4 ePsf] 5 .

sf7df8f}“ pkTosfleq s]xL dlxgfotf xTof, ckx/0fsf 36gf eO/x]sf 5g\ . ebf} !! otf u[x k|zf;g r':tb'?:t geO{ lynlynf] ag]sfn] zflGt ;'/Iff lub}{ uPsf] atfOG5 . u[xdGqL ljhos'df/ uR5bf/n] kbef/ ;Dxfn]nuQ} ;/sf/L k|lta4tfljk/Lt ;lrj ;?jf u/]/ sd{rf/Lsf] dgf]an lgrf] kfg{ yfn]sf lyP . To;kl5 k};fsf] l;w} n]gb]gsf cfwf/df ;?jf a9'jfnfO{ k|f]T;fxg ug{ ;'? ul/Pkl5 zflGt ;'/Iff v:s“b} uPsf] xf] . cfk/flws lqmofsnfksf] z[ª\vnfdf skg ldngrf]sl:yt dftf dgsfdgf ;'grf“bL k;ndf ePsf] uf]nLsf08 ylkPsf] 5 . z'qmaf/ ;D;f“em} ePsf] pQm uf]nLsf08df ;'gJofkf/L xs{axfb'/ lbkfnLsf] d[To' ePsf] 5 eg] pgs} elthf /f]zg uDeL/ 3fOt] ePsf 5g\ . To;cl3 dfq …u'0f Hof; k;Ú k;nsf sfdbf/ h'h'sfhL ah|frfo{sf] xTof ePsf] lyof] .

;'g Joj;fo If]qdf nuftf/ ePsf] xTof z[ª\vnfn] klg ;/sf/sf] r]t lkm/]sf] 5}g . Tolt dfq xf]Og, g]kfn d'l:nd ;ª\3sf dxf;lrj km}hfg cxdbsf] xTof, nlntk'/–wfkfv]ndf nu]/ 7d]nsf Jofkf/L >j0f v8\sfsf] xTof ul/Psf] nufotsf 36gfn] ;'g Joj;fo dfq xf]Og, ;a} If]q uDeL/ ;'/Iff vt/fdf /x]sf] k|:6 x'G5 . ut c;f]h ( ut] ePsf] km}hfg xTofsf08sf bf]ifLnfO{ sf/afxL ug{ dfu ub}{ cfP klg ;/sf/n] bf]ifL kQf nufO{ sf/afxL ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g . To;otf d'l:nd ;d'bfo nuftf/ cfGbf]ngdf 5 . To:t}, sflQs @@ ut] Jofkf/L v8\sfsf] wfkfv]n nu]/ xTof ul/Psf] lyof] . Tolt dfq xf]Og, ebf}sf] bf];|f] ;ftf g]skf -Pdfn]_ alb{of lhNnf sld6L ;b:o OlGb/f e';fnsf] xTof eof] eg] g]kfnuGhsf cg]/f:jljo' sfo{stf{ lji0f'ljqmd zfxLsf] klg xTof eof] . To;afx]s ckx/0fsf] l;nl;nf t/fO{df dfq xf]Og, sf7df8f}“leq klg emg} rs{g yfn]sf] 5 . ut laxLaf/ dfq dlg{ª jfsdf lgl:sPsf Go'/f]8sf Jofkf/L kjg ;+3O{sf] ckx/0f ePsf] 5 . o;n] klg sf7df8f}“sf] ;'/Iff k|aGwsf] nfrf/L k|:6 ePsf] 5 .


k'g/fjnf]sg c:jLsf/

sf7df8f}“ . ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb 5 dlxgfeGbf a9L yKg gkfpg] cfkm\gf] km};nflj?4 k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ / ;efd'v ;'jf;rGb| g]Djfªn] lbPsf] k'g/fjnf]sgsf] lgj]bg btf{ ug{ ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] c:jLsf/ u/]sf] 5 . hgefjgfcg'¿k cfPsf] ;jf]{Rr cbfntsf] km};nfsf lj?4 ;ef;b\x¿ kb ;lsg] 8/n] plePsf] cf/f]k nflu/x]sf a]nf ;+;b\ / cbfntaLr åGå rls{g] ;Defjgf b]lvPsf] 5 .

b'O{ jif{sf nflu hgfb]z k|fKt ;+ljwfg;efn] To;eGbf bf]Aa/ cjlw latfPkl5 Dofb yKg gkfOg] ;jf]{Rrsf] km};nfkl5 ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf ;sf/fTds bafa kg]{ ck]Iff ul/Psf] lyof] . t/, zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf Wofg

s]lGb|t ug'{sf] ;f6f] k|wfgdGqL / ;efd'v Dofb a9fpg kfpg'kg]{ dfu;lxt ;jf]{Rr cbfnt k'u]kl5 km]l/ klg lgwf{l/t ;dodf ;+ljwfg agfpg] of]hgf /x]g5 eGg] cfzª\sfdf yk an k'u]sf] 5 . t/, ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] eg] pgLx¿ b'j}sf] dfucg';f/ lgj]bg btf{ ug'{kg]{ s'g} sf/0f gePsf] eGb} lgj]bg c:jLsf/ u/]sf] 5 . Dofb ;lsg cem} kf“r dlxgf af“sL /x]sf a]nf zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf kxn ug'{sf] ;f6f] pgLx¿ ;f]daf/ ;jf]{Rr cbfnt k'u]sf lyP .


k|r08 laxfg}b]lv 3]/fdf

sf7df8f}“ . ljb]zL;“usf] e]63f6df klg dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn …k|r08Ú …6«Øfs–;'6df a;]sf] b]Vbf ;fyd} uPsf g]kfnLx¿nfO{ crDd gnfUg] s'/} ePg . t/, pgLx¿n] dgdf v]nfO/x]sf] s'/fsf] hjfkm bfxfnn] labf x'g] a]nfdf lbPkl5 …o:tf g]tfn] s;/L b]z agfpnfg\ <Ú eGb} pgLx¿ kms]{sf lyP .

hft, lnª\u / If]qsf cfwf/df htftt} ;dfj]zLs/0f / k|ltlglwTjsf] s'/f p7] klg >lds ju{nfO{ ;a}n] pk]Iff ub}{ cfPsf] eGb} efjL ;+ljwfgdf !) k|ltzt cf/If0fsf] dfu;lxt dhb'/ ;ª\u7gsf g]tfx¿;lxt ljb]zL >lds ;ª\u7gsf k|ltlglwx¿ bfxfn–lgjf; gof“ ahf/ k'u]sf lyP . >d ;ª\u7gsf Pl;of Kofl;lkms If]qsf lgb]{zs ;'h'sL;lxtsf] pQm k|ltlglwd08n;“u bfxfnn] v'n]/ s'/f u/]sf lyP . ;+o'Qm o'lgog ;dGjo ;ldltdf cfa4 ;ft}j6f dhb'/ ;ª\u7gsf g]tfx¿ pQm dfu;lxt bfxfnnfO{ e]6\g k'u]sf lyP . sfd xf]nf÷gxf]nf t/ bfxfnn] pgLx¿nfO{ lg/fz rflx“ kf/]gg\ .

pgn] dhb'/ ;ª\u7gx¿sf] dfuk|lt ;dy{g hgfp“b} eg]– …d}n] o;k6s kf6L{sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7sdf k|:t't u/]sf] d]/f] k|ltj]bgdf klg >dhLjL ju{sf s'/f sdhf]/ x'“b} uPsf] s'/f p7fPsf] 5 . d tkfO{+x¿sf] dfu;“u ;xdt 5' . c¿–c¿n] cf/If0f / k|ltzt kfpg] t/ >dhLjL ju{n] gkfpg] eGg] s'/f x'“b}g .Ú bfxfn oltd} /f]lsPgg\ . pgn] cem cl3 a9]/ ;xefuLnfO{ xf}:ofp“b} eg]– …d ;+ljwfg;efsf] ljjfb ;dfwfg pk;ldltsf] ;+of]hs klg 5' . d o; ljifonfO{ pk;ldltsf] a}7sdf klg k|j]z u/fpg]5' .Ú t/, pgn] ToxL aLrdf cfkm\gf] Pp6f ;d:of /fVg klg 5'6fPgg\ . pgn] eg]– …t/ o;nfO{ s;/L sfof{Gjog ug]{ < dnfO{ yfxf 5}g, o;df tkfO{+x¿n] dnfO{ d2t ug'{kb{5 .Ú s:tf] sfo{ljlw agfP/ sfof{Gjog ug]{ eGg]af/]df 5nkmn ug'{kg]{ klg bfxfnsf] ;'emfj lyof] .

bfxfnsf dL7f s'/f ;'g]/ ;xefuLx¿ v';L ePsf lyP . 5]j}df a;]sf zflns/fd hd/s§]nn] pgsf s'/fdf ;xL yk]sf lyP eg] zflns/fdnfO{ lgsfn]/ dhb'/ ;ª\u7gsf] cWoIf agfOPsf pmhf{dGqL kf]i6axfb'/ af]u6L eg] k"/} cjlwe/ df}g a;]sf lyP .

e]63f6 ;s]/ aflxl/g] a]nf 6f]nLn] bfxfn;“u tl:a/ lvRg k|:tfj /fVbf eg] pgL cGsgfP . lbp“;f] Ps ah];Dd klg 6«Øfs–;'6d} al;/x]sf bfxfnn] eg]– …vf]O o:tf]df s] kmf]6f] lvrfpg] < d t o:tf] sk8fdf kf] 5' t †Ú pgn] cfkm\gf] b'Mv];f] ;xefuLx¿nfO{ af“8\b} eg]– …laxfg Psl5g Aof6ldG6g v]N5' . kmls{g} kfPsf] x'Gg, oxf“ dflg;x¿sf] eL8 hDdf eO;s]sf] x'G5 . clg n'uf abNg klg kfpGg, e]63f6df al;xfNg'kb{5 . cfh klg To:t} eof] . tkfO{+x¿ cfOxfNg'eof] .Ú bfxfnn] cfkm"nfO{ e]6\g cfpg]x¿sf] eL8sf sf/0f cfkm"n] ;dodf vfgf klg vfg gkfpg] u/]sf] u'gf;f] klg u/]sf lyP .


k|r08 e|i6frf/sf gfOs]

w/fg . g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] ;~rfng u/]sf] kf6L{ ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf hgkl/rfng cleofgcGtu{t sf];L c~rn:t/Lo b'O{lbg] sfo{stf{ e]nf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . e]nfdf g]tfx¿n] sfo{stf{nfO{ ufp“ufp“df k'uL kf6L{nfO{ klxnf] zlQm agfpg] u/L sfd ug{ k|lzIf0f lbPsf 5g\ .

cfOtaf/ e]nfsf] pb\3f6g ub}{ cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] n8fs' a9L b]vfP/ b]zsf] 9's'6L ;vfk kfg]{ dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn …k|r08Ú e|i6rf/sf] gfOs] ePsf] atfpg'eof] . pxf“sf] egfO lyof]– …a9L n8fs' b]vfP/ /fHosf] ;DklQ lxgfldgf ug]{ Pdfcf]jfbL b]zs} e|i6rf/L kf6L{ xf] . a9L n8fs' b]vfP/ dfcf]jfbLn] nfvf“} ¿lkof“ lxgfldgf u/]sf] k|dfl0ft ePsf] 5 . o;sf gfOs] To; kf6L{sf cWoIf k'ikdsdn bfxfn …k|r08Ú x'g\ . pQm /sd Pdfcf]jfbLn] Odfgbf/L ;fy ;/sf/nfO{ a'emfpg'k5{ . Pp6f sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n] ;/f;/ em"6f] ljj/0f b]vfP/ /fHosf] ;DklQ b'?kof]u ug'{ l;w} e|i6frf/ xf] .Ú cWoIf vgfnn] afa'/fd e§/fO{ g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/n] g]kfnsf sDo'lg:6x¿s} abgfd u/]sf] klg atfpg'eof] .

sfo{qmdsf] klxnf] lbg cWoIf vgfn tyf pkfWoIfåo jfdb]j uf}td / ljBf e08f/Ln] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] eg] ;f]daf/ dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]n, :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o s]kL cf]nL, kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o k|bLk 1jfnL / s]Gb|Lo n]vf cfof]usf ;efklt k|f=8f= k'ik s“8]nn] sfo{stf{nfO{ k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf cg'kl:yt /x]sf jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] k7fPsf] lnlvt z'esfdgf jfrg u/]/ ;'gfOPsf] lyof] . Pdfn]sf sf];L c~rn ;+of]hs /fh]Gb| uf}tdsf] ;efkltTjdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf sf];Lsf 5 lhNnfsf sl/a kf“r ;o cu'jf sfo{stf{sf] ;xeflutf lyof] .

e]nfn] !% a'“b] k|:tfj kfl/t ub}{ hgcleofg sf];Lsf ufp“–ufp“df k'¥ofpg] k|0f u/]sf] 5 . ;fy}, kf6L{df xflb{s Pstfdf hf]8 lb“b} e]nfn] eg]sf] 5– …cf7f“} /fli6«o dxflwj]zgotfsf] ;du| kf6L{ sfdsf] ;dLIff ub}{ b]zsf] jt{dfg hl6n kl/l:yltdf Pskl5 csf]{ g]skf Pdfn]sf] g]t[Tjsf] ckl/xfo{tf v8\ls/x]sf] kl/k|]Iodf cfdhgtf / ;Dk"0f{ kf6L{ kª\lQmsf] rfxgfnfO{ Wofgdf /fVb} kf6L{leqsf cGt/lj/f]wx¿sf] ;d'lrt Joj:yfkg Pjd\ ;dfwfg u/L kf6L{nfO{ Pstfa4 agfpg kf6L{sf] zLif{ g]t[TjaLr ;sf/fTds kxn ;'? ePsf]df xflb{s :jfut ub}{ tTsfn 7f]; k|:tfj;lxt o;nfO{ d"t{¿k lbO{ /fi6«sf ;fd' kf6L{nfO{ gof“ prfOsf ;fy k|:t't ug{ of] e]nf hf]8bf/ dfu ub{5 .Ú


/fKtLdf klg /f}gs

bfª . g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo sld6Ln] kf6L{ ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf hgkl/rfng cleofg 3f]if0ff u/]kl5 b]zJofkL ¿kdf sfo{stf{x¿ To;nfO{ ;kmn agfpg h'6]sf 5g\ . /fKtLdf cleofg ;~rfngsf nflu t'n;Lk'/df c~rn ;dGjo sld6Lsf] a}7s ;DkGg ePsf] 5 .

a}7sn] cleofgnfO{ cfwf/e"t tx;Dd k'¥ofpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . …cleofgnfO{ ;zQm 9ª\un] cfwf/e"t tx;Dd k'¥ofpg lhNnf sld6LnfO{ lj:t[t of]hgf agfP/ cufl8 a9\g lgb]{zg lbPsf 5f}“Ú– s]Gb|Lo j}slNks ;b:o uf]s'n 3tL{n] eGg'eof]– …c~rnleqsf ;fª\u7lgs hLjgdf b]lvPsf s]xL ;d:ofx¿af/] klg ;dfwfg ug]{ sfo{bn u7g u/]sf 5f}“ .Ú

cleofgnfO{ k|efjsf/L agfpg k'; !* / !( ut] bfª, !( / @) ut] Ko'7fg, @@ / @# ut] /f]Nkf, df3df ?s'd tyf ;Nofgsf lhNnf sld6Lsf a}7s a:g] ePsf 5g\ . …lhNnfx¿df ;ª\u7g;DaGwL of]hgf agfPkl5 s]Gb|;“u To;nfO{ ldnfpg] of]hgf agfPsf 5f}“Ú– 3tL{n] eGg'eof] . Pdfn]n] df3 !# / !$ ut] 3f]/fxLdf c~rn:t/Lo k|lzIf0f sfo{qmd ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 .

bfª lhNnf sld6Lleq b]lvPsf ;fª\u7lgs ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ a}7sn] s]Gb|Lo j}slNks ;b:o 3tL{sf] ;+of]hsTjdf tLg ;b:oLo sfo{bn u7g u/]sf] 5 . clwsf/ ;DkGg sfo{bnnfO{ Ps dlxgfleq c~rn sld6Ldf k|ltj]bg a'emfpg] lhDdf lbOPsf] 5 . sfo{bndf c~rn ;lrj gGbnfn zdf{ / ;b:o u'nfahª\u zfx /xg'ePsf] 5 . To:t}, g]q :d[lt k|lti7fgsf] u7gsf ;Gbe{df b]lvPsf ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ /fKtL ;+of]hs nlnt a:g]tsf] ;+of]hsTjdf sfo{bn u7g ul/Psf] 5 . sfo{bndf s]Gb|Lo j}slNks ;b:o efujt ljZjf;L, 5ljnfn cf]nL, d]gsf kf]v/]n / nId0f cfrfo{ /xg'ePsf] 5 . kf6L{;“u ;dGjo gu/L sf7df8f}“df k|lti7fg u7g u/]kl5 ;d:of v8f ePsf] lyof] .


kxf8df hgkl/rfng

gjnk/f;L . g]skf -Pdfn]_ gjnk/f:fLn] kxf8L uflj;df hgcleofg ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . s]Gb|Lo ;b:o b]jL 1jfnL;lxtsf] 6f]nLn] hgcleofgsf qmddf ufp“ clwj]zg / hgjuL{o ;ª\u7gx¿sf] clwj]zg ;DkGg u/]sf] lhNnf cWoIf ltns dxtn] hfgsf/L lbP .

cleofgsf] qmddf a'lnª6f/df ePsf] sfo{stf{ e]nfdf g]kfnL sfª\u|];sf :yfgLo g]tf Pjd\ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf k"j{;b:o 6f]naxfb'/ kf6f;lxtsf g]tf–sfo{stf{ Pdfn]df k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ . a'lnª6f/df ;DkGg ufp“ clwj]zgn] bLksrGb| a:tfsf]6Lsf] cWoIftfdf gof“ g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] 5 . o;}u/L, 8]9ufp“df cfd;ef ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . cfd;efdf ef/tLk'/, /s'jf, g/d, ldy's/d, hf}jf/L, wf}jfbLnufotsf uflj;sf sfo{stf{;d]t ;xefuL ePsf lyP . 8]9ufp“df clvn g]kfn dlxnf ;ª\3sf] ufp“ sld6L;d]t u7g ul/Psf] Pdfn] lhNnf ;b:o od'gfy cfrfo{n] hfgsf/L lbP .

8]9ufp“df ePsf] cfd;efdf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o 1jfnL, lhNNff cWoIf dxt, pkfWoIf hLjg >]i7, lhNNff ;b:ox¿ od'gfy cfrfo{, zflns/fd e§/fO{, Zofd >]i7, x'dgfy kf08], ;ef;b\ /f]zgaxfb'/ ufxf, clvn g]kfn dlxnf ;ª\3sL lhNnf cWoIf ladnf cof{nnufotn] af]n]sf lyP .

– ljb|f]xL lu/L


tLg dlxgfsf] bx|f] tof/L

ndh'ª . g]skf -Pdfn]_ ndh'ªn] tLgdlxg] hgkl/rfng tyf ;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0f cleofg ;'? u/]sf] 5 . a]+;L;x/df a;]sf] gjf}“ a}7sn] ljleGg lg0f{o ub}{ tLgdlxg] cleofg ;'? u/]sf] xf] .

;f] cleofgnfO{ ;kmn kfg{ k'; @@ ut] e'ne'n], gf}y/ z]/f, af]/fªvf]nf, a+];L;x/, dflnª, ;'Gb/ahf/ / ef]n]{6f/df u/L ;ft :yfgdf k|lzIf0f x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . a}7sn] uflj;sf] cfjZostfcg';f/ ljleGg :yfgdf e]nf, a}7s, uf]i7L ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . o:t}, ;f]xL ;dodf Pdfn] kl/Tofu u/L ljleGg kf6L{df uPsf sfo{stf{sf nflu …3/ kms{Ú cleofg ;~rfng ug]{ lg0f{o klg ul/Psf] 5 . tLgdlxg] cleofgsf qmddf ;fdflhs–cfly{s d'2fx¿df hgbafa cleofg ;~rfng ug]{ / kmfu'g !% df cleofgsf] cGTo ug]{ lg0f{o ePsf] k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v z'efif kf}8]nn] atfP .

lhNnf cWoIf hldGb|dfg 3n]sf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] a}7sdf u08sL ;+of]hs vu/fh clwsf/L, ;x;+of]hs 6'sf xdfn, c~rn ;lrj ;f]dgfy Kof;L, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:o dfofgfy clwsf/Lnufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] . o;}aLr, ndh'ªdf Pdfn]sf] ;ª\u7g;DaGwL sfof{zfnf klg ;DkGg ePsf] 5 .


blnt o'jtLsf] /x:odo d[To'

ndh'ª . ut sflQs #) ut] ljBfnoaf6} a]kQf ePsL dflnªl:yt zf/bf dfWolds ljBfnodf sIff & df cWoog/t !& jifL{of ;'sdfof ljssf] zj Ps dlxgfkl5 3gf hª\undf e]l6Pkl5 blnt ;d'bfo zf]sdf 8'a]sf] 5 . gof“ufp“sf] hª\undf 6'qmf–6'qmf z/L/ / sk8f;d]t oqtq 5l/Psf] cj:yfdf a'waf/ zj e]l6Psf] 5 .

s's'/n] afof“ xft ;dft]/ NofO/x]sf] :yfgLo afl;Gbfn] b]v]kl5 vf]hL ug]{ qmddf ;'sdfofsf] zj 3gf hª\undf km]nf k/]sf] xf] . blnt ;]jf ;ª\3sf cWoIf uf]kfn vftLn] pQm 36gfn] l;ª\uf] blnt ;d'bfo zf]sdf 8'a]sf] atfp“b} Pskl5 csf]{ ub}{ blnt ;d'bfodf o:tf 36gf eP klg Gofo kfpg g;s]sf] atfP . dflnªsf clwsf+z blntx¿n] ;b/d'sfd a+];L;x/ cfP/ k|x/L / k|zf;g;“u Gofosf] clkn u/]sf 5g\ . ?“b} em/]sf ;'sdfofsf cfkmGt / ufp“n]n] 36gfsf] ;TotYo l56f] aflx/ Nofpg dfu u/]sf 5g\ . blnt ;]jf ;ª\3 ndh'ªsf cWoIf ljjz a'9fyf]sLn] zjsf] cj:yf x]bf{ xTof ePsf] x'g ;Sg] atfp“b} Gofo;ª\ut 5fglag x'g'kg]{ atfP .

;'sdfofsf] kfv'/fb]lv tnsf] xft ef“lrg'sf ;fy} a'9L / sfG5L cf}“nf 5}g . pgsL cfdf ;f]ddfofn] xftsf] cf}“nf / gªdf nufPsf] kfln;sf] /ªsf cfwf/df pgsf] klxrfg u/]sL lyOg\ . 5f]/Lsf] zj e]l6Pkl5 cfdf ;f]ddfofsf] xf]; cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . …:yfgLo afl;Gbfsf] k|f/lDes cg'dfgn] ;'sdfofnfO{ anfTsf/ u/]/ xTof u/]sf] x'g ;Sg] b]vfp“5Ú– :yfgLo uh]Gb| u'?ªn] eg]– …;a} sk8f oqtq 5l/Psf] / s6';sf] ?vd'lg /ut b]lvg'n] klg xTof x'g ;Sg] b]lvG5 .Ú

36gfdf ;+nUg ePsf] cfzª\sfdf k|x/Ln] 3gkf]v/fsf bLk]z ljsnfO{ lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] 5 . ;'sdfof a]kQf x'g'cl3 kl5Nnf] k6s df]afOn ;Dks{ ePsf pgnfO{ k|x/Ln] af]nfPkl5 cfkm}“ lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no k'u]sf lyP . :yfgLo afl;Gbfsf cg';f/ ;'sdfofn] bLk]znfO{ dg k/fp“lyg\ . a]+;L;x/l:yt r]; g]kfn gfds ;+:yfdf sfo{/t bLk]zsf] ut sflQs d;fGtlt/ ?d 6' l/8 gfds cGt/f{li6«o u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfsf] ;xof]udf r]; g]kfn4f/f zf/bf dfljdf lgld{t k':tsfnodf hfg] qmddf ;'sdfof;“u lrghfg ePsf] lyof] . To;kl5 dg k/fpg yfn]sf bLk]znfO{ 3gkf]v/faf6 a+];L;x/ emg]{ qmddf ;'sdfofn] k5\ofPsf] x'g ;Sg] ufp“n]sf] cg'dfg 5 .

k|x/L gfoa pk/LIfs ;GbLk e08f/Ln] zj kf]:6df6{d ug{;d]t cK7]/f] x'g] cj:yfdf e]l6Pkl5 j}1flgs / 8LPgP k/LIf0fsf nflu zjsf 6'qmf sf7df8f}“ k7fOPsf] atfP .

– s[i0f s];L


;b/d'sfddf e]l6“b}gg\ Pdfn] g]tf

b}n]v . clwj]zg, e]nf, k|lzIf0f, ;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf hgkl/rfngsf nflu g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf g]tfx¿ olta]nf ufp“–ufp“df k'u]sf 5g\ . %% ufp“ / gf/fo0f gu/kflnsfsf ( j6} j8f sld6Ldf clxn] u7g÷k'gu{7gsf sfdx¿ eO/x]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 .

;a} g]tfx¿ ufp“–ufp“df kf6L{ cleofgsf] l;nl;nfdf vl6Psfn] ;b/d'sfddf Pdfn] g]tf÷sfo{stf{x¿ e]l6“b}gg\ . ;b/d'sfddf k];f Joj;fo u/L a:g] g]tfx¿ klg kf6L{ cleofgdf ;lqmo ePsf 5g\ .

k"j{;f+;b, k"j{kf6L{ ;lrjx¿ / lhNnf txsf ;a} g]tfx¿ ufp“lt/ nfu]sf] sfof{no ;lrj b'uf{k|;fb Gof}kfg]n] atfP . lhNnf sld6Lsf ;lrjfno ;b:o ;"o{axfb'/ zfxLsf cg';f/ ut d+l;/ !) b]lv @^ ut];Dd If]q g+ @ sf Onfsf g+ (, !), !! / !@ sf clwj]zgx¿ ;DkGg ul/Psf 5g\ .

gu/kflnsfdf klg j8f clwj]zg / ;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0fsf] cleofg hf/L 5 . gu/kflnsfsf nflu If]qLo cWoIf /Tgaxfb'/ v8\sf, ;lrjfno ;b:ox¿ 6]saxfb'/ vf“0f, k]|d yfkf, uf]kfn g]kfnL, ;"o{s'df/L >]i7, dLgfl;+x /vfnnufotsf g]tfx¿ vl6Psf 5g\ . To:t}, ut d+l;/ !% b]lv @& ut];Dd Onfsf g+ # sf rf}/f7f, ;Nn]/L, gf}d'n], sflnsf, tf]nL, åf/L / afn'jf6f/df ufp“ clwj]zg, e]nf tyf k|lzIf0f ;DkGg ul/Psf 5g\ . tL sfo{qmdx¿df ;lrjfno ;b:o t]haxfb'/ rGb, lhNnf sld6L ;b:ox¿ eLd /fDhfnL, lji0f'k|;fb h};L, k]|d xdfn / e"ldsf xdfn vl6Psf lyP .

Onfsf g+ ! sf] clwj]zg cfp“bf] k'; @@ ut] r'k|fdf ;DkGg ug{ tof/L eO/x]sf] sfof{no ;lrj Gof}kfg]n] atfP . ut k'; ^ / & ut] a;]sf] lhNnf sld6Lsf] !@cf}“ k"0f{ a}7sn] tLgdlxg] ;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0fsf nflu cf–cfkm\gf] sfo{If]qdf k'Ug lhNnf:t/sf g]tf / hgjuL{o ;ª\u7gsf k|d'vx¿nfO{ lgb]{zg lbPsf] lyof] .

lhNnf sld6Lsf ;lrj k]|daxfb'/ a'9fn] ufp“df ;DkGg sfo{qmdx¿df cGo kf6L{;“u cfa4 $) b]lv %) hgf;Ddn] Pdfn] k|j]z ug]{ u/]sf] atfP . …dfcf]jfbLsf e]/L–s0ff{nL /fHo ;ldlt;Ddsf g]tfx¿ xfd|f] kf6L{df k|j]z ug'{ePsf] 5Ú– a'9fn] eg]– …Pdfn] k|j]zsf] nx/ /fd|f] 5 .Ú


u}/blntnfO{ klg k|lzIf0f

a]+;L;x/ . pTkLl8t hftLo d'lQm ;dfhn] ndh'ª / tgx'“sf cfkm\gf cu'jf sfo{stf{nfO{ k|lzIf0f lbPsf] 5 . ndh'ªsf] a+];L;x/df z'qmaf/ ;DkGg sfo{qmddf d'lQm ;dfhsf cWoIf lht' uf}td, pkfWoIf hut ljZjsdf{, dxf;lrj u0f]z ljZjsdf{, Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o 6'sf xdfn / c~rn ;lrj ;f]dgfy Kof;Ln] k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

! ;o *) hgf cu'jf sfo{stf{ ;xefuL sfo{qmddf blnt cfGbf]ngsf] dd{ a'emfpg Pdfn] lhNnf sld6Lsf ;b:ox¿nfO{ klg ;xefuL u/fOPsf] lyof] . To:t}, tgx'“df ;DkGg k|lzIf0fdf ;ohgfsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] d'lQm ;dfhn] hgfPsf] 5 .


Goflos 5fglagsf] dfu

l;/xf . uf]nL k|xf/af6 xTof ul/Psf ljBfyL{ ;'/]z ;fxsf] 36gfdf ;+nUg ck/fwLnfO{ sf/afxLsf] dfu ub}{ k|bz{gdf plqPsf o'jf–ljBfyL{dfly k|x/Ln] an k|of]u u/]sf] 5 . k|x/L rf}sLsf] 5]j}df ePsf] pQm 36gfdf ;+nUg ck/fwLnfO{ tTsfn sf/afxL ug]{ dfu ub}{ o'jf ;ª\3 g]kfn / cg]/f:jljo'n] k|bz{g u/]sf lyP .

o'jf ;ª\3sf lhNnf cWoIf /jLGb| ;fx, ;b:ox¿ ;snb]j ofbj, lht]Gb| zfx, df]xDdb ;lnd / /fdrGb| ofbjnufot 3fOt] ePsf 5g\ . xfn pgLx¿sf] aLkL sf]O/fnf d]df]l/on c:ktfn w/fgdf pkrf/ eO/x]sf] 5 .

l;/xfsf] a]nfxdf ut z'qmaf/ sIff ( df cWoog/t ;fxsf] n'6]/f ;d"xn] xTof u/]sf] lyof] . ;fxsL alxgL klg n'6]/fsf] uf]nL k|xf/af6 uDeL/ 3fOt] 5g\ . o'jf ;ª\3 g]kfnn] ;f] 36gfk|lt v]b k|s6 u/]sf] 5 . …z[ª\vnfa4 ¿kdf o;k|sf/sf 36gfx¿ eO/x] klg gfnfos ;/sf/sf] c;Ifd u[x k|zf;g d"sbz{s eP/ al;/x]sf] 5Ú– ;ª\3sf dxf;lrj lg/h cfrfo{åf/f hf/L lj1lKtdf elgPsf] 5– …u[x k|zf;gsf] gfnfosLkgnfO{ 9fs5f]k ug{sf nflu zflGtk"0f{ k|bz{gdfly o; k|sf/sf] hª\unL x:tIf]k aGb ug{ r]tfjgL lbG5f}“ .Ú o'jf ;ª\3n] l;/xf 36gfdf ck/fwLnfO{ k|x/Lsf] ;+/If0f /x]sf] cf/f]k nufPsf] 5 . ;ª\3n] 36gfsf] Goflos 5fglag ug{ dfu ub}{ ;+nUg ck/fwLx¿nfO{ sf/afxL / d[tssf kl/jf/nfO{ /fxt lbg klg dfu u/]sf] 5 .


kf6L{JofkL Pstf x'G5

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] zflGt k|lqmof cl3 a9fpgdf dfcf]jfbL g} /x:odo tl/sfn] clgR5's /x]sf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 .

sf7df8f}“– *, lgjf{rg If]qLo sld6Ln] zlgaf/ cfof]hgf u/]sf] a[xt\ sfo{stf{ e]nfdf cWoIf vgfnn] eGg'eof]– …;fta'“b] ;xdlt cIf/zM kfngf ug'{k5{ . t/, ;/sf/ o;df lhDd]jf/ b]lvPg, ca zflGt k|lqmofdf b]lvPsf] l9nfOsf] lhDd]jf/L p;}n] lng'k5{ .Ú pQm lhDd]jf/L k"/f ug{ g;Sg] xf] eg] sfdrnfp eO;s]sf] ;/sf/n] tTsfn /fhLgfdf lbg'kg]{ cWoIf vgfnn] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] Pdfn]leqsf] Pstfsf] kIfdf l;ª\uf] b]z / ;Dk"0f{ hgtf nfu]sf] eGb} cfkm"n] ToxL eP/ Pstf k|:tfj :yfoL sld6L a}7sdf /fv]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …!% ut] a:g] :yfoL sld6Laf6 ;f] k|:tfj kfl/t x'G5 / kf]ln6Ao'/f], s]Gb|Lo sld6L x'“b} kf6L{JofkL aG5 .Ú pQm cj;/df cWoIf vgfnn] If]qLo sld6Lsf] k|sfzg …hghfu/0f cleofgÚ ljdf]rg ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

sfo{qmddf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o ci6nIdL zfSon] kf6L{ Pstf sf]/f x'g gx'g]df hf]8 lb“b} eGg'eof]– …sfo{ ljefhgdf t]/f] / d]/f] eGg' x'Gg, Pstf ;f“lRrs} efjgfTds x'g'k5{ .Ú s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pjd\ pkTosf OGrfh{ /fh]Gb| >]i7n] klg b'O{–rf/hgf g]tfsf] u7hf]8n] dfq kf6L{ Pstf x'g g;Sg] bfaL ug'{eof] . pxf“sf] egfO lyof]– …Pstf efjgfTds klg x'g'k5{, clg tnb]lv dfly;Dd} x'g'k5{ .Ú

kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o k|bLk g]kfnn] ;Dkfbg d08nsf ;b:ox¿nfO{ ;Ddfgkq k|bfg u/]sf] pQm sfo{qmddf /fh]z zfSon] cWoIftf / ;'/]Gb|xif{ ah|frfo{n] wGojfb 1fkg ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


afa' pkfWoIf, 5f]/f ;lrj

sf7df8f}“ . af}l4s ckfª\u / cleefjsx¿sf] /fli6«o ;ª\3sf] ;fwf/0f ;ef ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . cfOtaf/ ;DkGg ;fwf/0f ;efn] jflif{s k|ltj]bg / n]vf ;ldltsf] k|ltj]bg kfl/t u/L cfufdL b'O{ jif{sf nflu gof“ g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] 5 .

d's'Gb bfxfnsf] cWoIftfdf ul7t sfo{;ldltdf pkfWoIf cfgGb/fd kf}8]n, dxf;lrj /Tgaxfb'/ yfkf, ;lrj zlzafa' kf}8]n, sf]iffWoIf nIdL sfkm\n]nufot 5g\ . cfgGb/fd / zlzafa' afa'–5f]/f x'g\ .

/f;;df sf]dngfysf] s/fdt

sf7df8f}“ . ;fdfGotM ljefuLodGqL kl/jt{gkl5 ;/sf/L ;+:yfgx¿sf] g]t[Tjn] g}ltstfsf cfwf/df /fhLgfdf lbg] rng 5 . t/, Pdfcf]jfbLsf clUg ;fksf]6f ;~rf/dGqL ePsf a]nf /f;;sf] cWoIf ag]sf sf]dngfy a/fn eg] hok|sfz u'Ktfsf] sfo{sfn ;lsg nfUbf;Dd klg dxdf lem“ufem}“ kbdf 6f“l;P/ al;/x]sf 5g\ .

;~rf/dGqL u'Ktfn] cWoIf a/fnnfO{ gof“ 9ª\un] sfd ug{] ;xh jftfj/0fsf nflu /fhLgfdf lbg k6sk6s ;Eo efiffdf Wofgfsif{0f u/fPsf 5g\ . t/, To;nfO{ a/fnn] Ps sfgn] ;'g]/ csf]{ sfgn] p8fp“b} cfPsf 5g\ . pgL;“u} lgo'Qm sfd' dxfk|aGws jf;'b]j >]i7n] klg To:t} kf/f b]vfP/ ;3fO/x]sf 5g\ . dGqL u'Ktfn] ;f] dGqfno ;Dxfn]kl5 uf]/vfkq, /]l8of] g]kfn / cGo lgsfodf gof“ lgo'lQm eO;s] klg /f;;df a/fn uhwDd a;]sf sf/0f gof“ lgo'lQm x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .

dfcf]jfbLleq cj;/jfbL dflgg] a/fn k|wfgdGqL cfkm\g} kf6L{sf ePsfn] kb 5f8\g gkg{] c8fgdf 5g\ . hals, Pdfn]sf jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfnsf] ;/sf/sf kfnfdf lgo'Qm cWoIf afns[i0f rfkfufO{+n] ;f]xL kf6L{sf cWoIf emngfy vgfn k|wfgdGqL ePkl5 ;~rf/dGqL kl/jt{g ePsf sf/0f /fhLgfdf lbPsf lyP . To;a]nf g}ltstfsf] gf/f cl3 ;fb}{ rkfufO{+nfO{ ckdflgt ug{
tlD;g] dfcf]jfbL lgs6 sd{rf/Lx¿sf] g}ltstf clxn] stf uof] eGg] k|Zg klg p7]sf] 5 .

;+:yfnfO{ jflif{s 8]9 s/f]8 /sd ck'u ePsf] cj:yfdf a/fnn] cfwf bh{g sd{rf/LnfO{ s/f/ / sl/a Ps ;ohgfnfO{ lhNnf ;dfrf/bftfdf lgo'Qm u/]sf 5g\ . t/, /fhgLlts cf:yfs} cfwf/df bfªsf z/b clwsf/L, afUnªsf nfnaxfb'/ yfkf / sf7df8f}“sf zld{nf 7s'/LnfO{ sfd 5f8\g afWo agfOPsf] 5 . To; k|sf/sf] hyfefjL lgo'lQm tyf lgisf;gsf lj/f]wdf sd{rf/L ;ª\u7g / kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] zfvfn] 1fkgkq lbP/ lj/f]w u/] klg tL ;ª\u7gsf kbflwsf/LnfO{ :j0f{ dxf]T;jsf sfo{qmdsf gfddf slxn] lrtjg, kf]v/f tyf k"jf{~rn / t/fO{ e|d0f u/fP/ kmsfpg] k|oTg pgn] ul//x]sf 5g\ .

k]G;gdf lg:s]sf e"tk"j{ lzIfs a/fn k|]; sfplG;n g]kfnsf aof]j[4 cWoIf gf/fo0fk|;fb zdf{s} xf/fxf/Lsf nf]eL dflgG5g\ . clxn] 5f]/L;“u sf7df8f}“df a:g] a/fnn] HjfO“n] dlb/f ;]jg u/] eg]/ af/Daf/ emu8f ug]{ u/]sf] rrf{ /f;;;Dd klg cfOk'u]sf] 5 .


;flxTosf/x¿ ;vf/} ;f“v'df

sf7df8f}“ . hg;flxlTos d~r g]kfn sf7df8f}“ zfvfsf] cfof]hgfdf ut zlgaf/ ;f“v'sf] ah|uf]lugLdf jgef]h ul/Psf] 5 .

sfo{qmddf d~rsf s]Gb|Lo cWoIf 8f=hLj]Gb|b]j lu/L, k|f1 a'“b /fgf, k|ultzLn n]vs ;ª\3sf s]Gb|Lo pkfWoIf /fdk|;fb k|bLk, ;flxTosf/ ljho rfln;], l;:g'kfgL g]kfnsf cWoIf nId0f ufDgfu], xf:o snfsf/ dgf]h uh'/]n, hg;flxlTos d~r g]kfnsf s]Gb|Lo dxf;lrj /d]z kf]v/]n, slj s0ffb dxlif{nufot cltly /x]sf] lhNnf cWoIf afnd's'Gb sfsL{n] atfP .


;Dks{sf k|lzIfsnfO{ k|lzIf0f

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Ln] k|lzIfsnfO{ k|lzIf0f lbPsf] 5 . sld6Lsf] :s'n ljefun] ut zlgaf/ 5flgPsf sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ ljleGg ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbPsf] xf] .

sfo{qmddf af]Nb} jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] ;+ljwfg ;dod} gaGg] cj:yf l;h{gf ug{ dfcf]jfbL cu|;/ /x]sf] l6Kk0fL ug'{eof] . cfkm\gf] kf6L{df ;f“rf] Pstfsf] vf“rf] /x]sf] atfp“b} pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …l;4fGt / ljrf/df Ps¿ktf;lxtsf] Pstf g} clxn]sf] cfjZostf xf] .Ú sfo{qmddf hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfb / ;ª\u7g ;~rfng tyf Joj:yfkgsf ljifodf dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]n / ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnLn] k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . sld6Lsf ;lrj 8f= eLid clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg pb\3f6g ;qdf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o Pjd\ sld6Lsf ;+of]hs ci6nIdL zfSon] sfo{of]hgfcg'¿k cl3 a9\g dftxtsf d~rx¿nfO{ lgb]{zg lbg'ePsf] lyof] . ;f] k|lzIf0fdf ;xefuL sfo{stf{n] lhNnf txdf x'g] k|lzIf0fdf k|lzIfssf] e"ldsf lgjf{x ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 .

o;}aLr, cfufdL k'; !% ut] g]t[Tj ljsf; / /fhgLlts cy{zf:qsf ljifodf k|lzIfs k|lzIf0f cfof]hgf x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . :s'n ljefusf k|d'v g/]Gb|s'df/ >]i7sf cg';f/, ;f] k|lzIf0fdf hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfbsf] cGt/j:t' / To;sf nflu g]t[Tjn] lgjf{x ug'{kg]{ e"ldsfaf/] cGt/lqmof x'g]5 .


;+:s[ltsdL{ ;ª\ul7t

g]kfnuGh . /fli6«o hg;f+:s[lts dxf;ª\3 g]kfnsf] e]/L c~rn:t/Lo sfo{stf{ e]nf xfn} ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . e]nfdf hfh/sf]6, b}n]v, ;'v]{t, alb{of / af“s]sf u/L kf“r} lhNnfsf ;+:s[ltssdL{x¿sf] ;xeflutf lyof] .

e]nfnfO{ dxf;ª\3sf dxf;lrj vu]Gb| /fO{, g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf af“s] lhNnf pkfWoIf OGb|nfn yfkf / /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:o 8Da//fh ;'a]bLn] ;Daf]wg u/]sf lyP . e]nfdf /]zd zfxL -hfh/sf]6_, /fdaxfb'/ g]kfnL -b}n]v_, v8\s e§/fO{ -;'v]{t_, s[i0f kf7s -alb{of_ / xl/k|;fb ltldlN;gf -af“s]_ lhNnfsf tkm{af6 wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP . e]nfdf ;+:s[ltsdL{x¿aLr ljBdfg ;d:of / ;dfwfgsf ljifodf 5nkmn ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf zLif{ g]tfx¿sf aLrdf ljsl;t eO/x]sf] Pstfsf] k|oTgn] ;+:s[ltsdL{x¿dfem pT;fx NofPsf] ljrf/ ;xefuLx¿n] /fv]sf lyP .

e]nfn] k|tfks'df/ uf}tdsf] ;+of]hsTjdf $ ;b:o kl5 yk ug]{u/L !% ;b:oLo e]/L c~rn ;dGjo ;ldlt u7g u/]sf] 5 . ;ldltsf ;b:ox¿df v8\s e§/fO{, zfGts'df/ ljs, k'ikf zfxL, y'df kf}8]n, eQmaxfb'/ a:g]t, cAb'n nltkm ;f]s, /fdaxfb'/ s'“j/, /fdaxfb'/ g]kfnL, yfg]Zj/ ltldlN;gf / Odfgl;+x 7s'/L /x]sf 5g\ .


hgsnfsf/ Pp6} d~rdf

sf7df8f}“ . dfS;{jfbsf] 5fgfd'lg /x]/ klg leGgfleGg} plePsf hgjfbL ;+:s[ltssdL{x¿ cfufdL k'; !* ut] Pp6} d~rdf b]lvg] ePsf 5g\ .

hg;+:s[lt g]kfn gfds ;+:yfn] cfof]hgf ug{ nfu]sf] pQm sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f6g k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] ug]{5g\ .

pT;jdf hgsnfsf/x¿ /fd]z, /fog, h]aL 6'x'/], v'l;/fd kflv|g, hLjg zdf{, dl0f yfkf, O{Zj/ hf]zL, ljho ;'Aaf, /fds[i0f b'jfn, dfOnf nfdf, dw' u'?ª, emª\sf/ du/, 6]saxfb'/ anDkfsL, k|bLk b]jfg, g/axfb'/ aL;L, abg zdf{, dfwj k|wfg, ;Ltf cfrfo{, of]u]Gb| /fhsl0f{sf/, >Ls[i0f >]i7, e"k]Gb| k/fh'nLsf ;fy} ;fdgf kl/jf/, O;f; sLlt{k'/nufot ljleGg @% eGbf a9L ;fª\uLlts ;ª\3–;+:yfsf] k|:t'lt /xg] cfof]hs ;+:yfsf cWoIf s[i0fk|;fb kf}8]nn] hfgsf/L lbP .


Iflt sd ug{ pkfosf] vf]hL

sf7df8f}“ . b}jL k|sf]kaf6 ljQLo If]qdf 7"nf] k|efj kg]{ eGb} ;/f]sf/jfnfn] a}ª\s tyf ljQLo ;+:yf / OG;]km\nfOl6; sDkgLnfO{ o;sf] Go"gLs/0fdf Wofg lbg cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ .

a'waf/ /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf k|sf]ksf] Iflt sd ug{ ;fjwfgL ckgfpg'kg]{df hf]8 lbOof] . g]kfn–cd]l/sf pBf]u jfl0fHo, /fli6«o e"sDk k|ljlw ;dfh / cd]l/sL ;xof]u lgof]u -o"P;P8_ åf/f cfof]lht sfo{qmddf cy{dGqL jif{dfg k'gn] ljQLo ;+:yf / cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfn] 7"nf] dfgjLo, ef}lts / ljQLo Iflt x'gaf6 hf]ufpg u[xsfo{ ug'{kg]{ atfP . cd]l/sL /fhb"t :s6 Pr 8]ln;Ln] b}jL k|sf]kaf6 x'g] Iflt sd ug]{ kIfdf /fHo / lghL If]q b'j}sf] ;xsfo{ cfjZos /x]sf] atfP .

sfo{qmddf /fli6«o e"sDk k|ljlw ;dfhsf sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs cfdf]bdl0f bLlIft, g]kfn–cd]l/sf pBf]u jfl0fHo ;ª\3sf cWoIf g/]Gb| a:g]t, k|f= k|bLk j}B / g]kfn–cd]l/sf pBf]u jfl0fHo ;ª\3sf dxf;lrj clgn zfxn] Iflt sd ug]{ ;jfndf cf–cfkm\gf] wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP .


gd'gf kz' kmfd{

a'6jn . a]lNhodsf] cfjf;Lo sf8{ k|fKt u/]/ klg g]kfnd} kz'kfng Joj;fo ;~rfng u/]/ zlz kf}8]n kz'kfng If]qsf pbfx/0f ag]sf 5g\ . !% jif{ lzIf0f k];f u/L kqsfl/tfdf ;d]t nfu]sf kf}8]n clxn] a? a]lNhoddf g]kfnL pTkfbg lgof{t\ u5{g\ .

g]kfndf pTkflbt lao/, rfprfp tyf cGo dlb/f lgof{t ug{] pgn] ¿kGb]xLdf ;fyLx¿;“u ldn]/ n'lDagL Pu|f] k|f]8S6 PG8 l/;r{ ;]G6/ k|fln -kz' kmfd{_ ;~rfng ul//x]sf 5g\ . sfd ug{] ;Lk / hf“u/ eP k};f sdfpgsf nflu st} hfg gkg{] pgL atfp“5g\ . k/Dk/fut s[lifnfO{ cfkm"n] Jofj;flos agfpg ;'? u/]sf] pgL atfp“5g\ . …h] u/] klg g]kfnd} 5Ú– pgL eG5g\– …k};f sdfpgsf nflu s]xL ;Lk eP c/asf vf8L wfpg kb{}g .Ú kz' ;]jftkm{ pTs[i6 sfd u/]sf] eGb} pgsf] ;+:yf k'/:s[t ePsf] 5 . #!cf}“ ljZj vfB lbj;sf cj;/df s[lif dGqfno / vfB ;+:yfgaf6 ;+o'Qm ¿kdf n'lDagL Pu|f] k'/:s[t ePsf] xf] .

¿kGb]xLsf] l6s'nLu9df ;~rfng ul/Psf] kz' kmfd{ ;fob g]kfns} 7"nf] xf] . g]kfnnfO{ b"wdf cfTdlge{/ agfpg] nIosf ;fy Ps jif{ cufl8 ;~rfng ul/Psf] pBf]un] cfkm\gf] pTkfbgnfO{ a9fp“b} uPsf] hgfPsf] 5 . g]kfndf clxn] klg b}lgs sl/a $ nfv ln6/ b"wsf] sdL 5, h;sf] k"lt{ ef/tLo b"waf6 eO/x]sf] 5 . o; If]qsf JolQmx¿af6 sl/a @% s/f]8sf] nufgLdf ag]sf] l/;r{ ;]G6/n] s[lifnfO{ Jofj;flostfdf n}hfgsf nflu af6f] b]vfPsf] kf}8]nsf] bfaL 5 . g]kfndf o:tf k|sf/sf w]/} kmfd{ ;~rfngdf /x] klg clxn];Ddsf] cWoogcg';f/ of] kmfd{ g} 7"nf] ePsf] ;~rfnsx¿sf] bfaL 5 . Pp6} uf]7af6 b}lgs Ps xhf/ ln6/ b"w pTkfbg ug{] of] ;]G6/nfO{ gd'gf agfpg] k|oTg ul/Psf] 5 . …of] Pp6f 7"nf] k|f]h]S6 xf], k|f/Desf sfdx¿ dfq ePsf 5g\Ú– k|aGw lgb{]zs kf}8]n eG5g\ . kmfd{df sl/a tLg ;o ufO{–e}“;L ePsf] klg pgn] atfP .

uf]a/af6 afof]Uof; pTkfbg ug{] k|lqmofsf] klg yfngL u/]sf] ;~rfnsn] hgfPsf 5g\ . k|fljlwsx¿sf cg';f/ ;f] kmfd{af6 Ps d]ufjf6 ljB't\ pTkfbg ug]{ jf b}lgs #) j6f l;lnG8/df Uof; eg{] Ifdtf 5 . …afof]Uof; pTkfbgkl5sf] uf]a/nfO{ sDkf]:6 dn agfP/ s[lifnfO{ cuf{lgs agfpg] of]hgf 5Ú– kf}8]n eG5g\ .

xfn pTkflbt b"w lrtjg ldNsn] nf}hfg] u/]sf] 5 . b"w 8]/L lgdf{0fkl5 of] kmd{sf] dfq} geP/ cGo s[ifsn] pTkfbg u/]sf] b"waf6 ;d]t b'UwhGo kl/sf/ pTkfbg ug]{ hgfOPsf] 5 .

kmfd{df xfn xf]n:6g, lk|mhg / h;L{ ufO{ tyf s]xL e}“;L 5g\ . #) hgfnfO{ /f]huf/L lbPsf] kmfd{n] pTkfbg a9fpgsf nflu kz'sf] ;ª\Vofdf klg j[l4 ub{} uPsf] 5 . sl/a @* la3f hldgdf 3f“; nufOPsf] 5 . kmfd{sf] cWoIf /fdrGb| 9sfn 5g\ eg] ;~rfnsdf kf}8]n;lxt o1d"lt{ vgfn, k|]d If]qL, påj Gof}kfg], r]tg Gof}kfg] / b]jLbQ 1jfnL 5g\ .

– odnfn e';fn

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