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d'Vo ;dfrf/
 

cWoIf vgfn k|wfgdGqLsf ;j{;Ddt pDd]bjf/

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_n] kf6L{ cWoIf emngfy vgfnnfO{ k|wfgdGqL pDd]bjf/sf ¿kdf ;j{;Ddt lg0f{osf ;fy cl3 ;f/]sf] 5 . lxhf] kf6L{ s]Gb|Lo sfof{nodf a;]sf] s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] 5}6f}“ a}7sn] cWoIf vgfnnfO{ kf6L{sf tkm{af6 lgM;t{ k|wfgdGqL pDd]bjf/ agfpg] ;j{;Ddt lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . kf6L{sf] of] lg0f{o;“u} kf6L{ kª\lQmdf b]lvPsf] ;a} cGof]n x6]sf 5g\ eg] kf6L{sf af/]df ahf/df rn]sf gsf/fTds xNnf klg vl08t ePsf 5g\ . k|wfgdGqL pDd]bjf/sf ljifodf Pdfn]df 7"n} slrª\un k}bf x'G5 ls eGg] cfzª\sf ;j{q ul/Psf a]nf Pdfn]n] ;a}nfO{ cfZro{rlst x'g]u/L ;j{;Ddt lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . Pdfn]nfO{ hah{:tL lsQfsf6 u/]/ ljefhglt/ ws]Ng] v]ndf nfu]sf zlQm s]Gb|x¿ of] lg0f{o;“u} xtf; ag]sf 5g\ .

lxhf] a;]sf] s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7sdf :yfoL sld6L ;b:o s]kL zdf{ cf]nLn] k|wfgdGqL pDd]bjf/sf ¿kdf cWoIf vgfnsf] gfd k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] . a}7s ;'? x'gf;fy cg'zf;g cfof]un] k7fPsf] kqk|lt Wofgfsif{0f u/fO;s]kl5 cf]nLn] cWoIfsf] gfd k|:tfj ug'{ePsf] lyof] . g]tf cf]nLsf] k|:tfjdf jl/i7 g]tf Pjd\ k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] ;dy{g hgfpg'ePkl5 xnn] ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf cWoIfsf] gfd pDd]bjf/Lsf ¿kdf kfl/t u/]sf] xf] .

cWoIfsf] gfd k|:tfj ug'{cl3 kf6L{sf] tkm{af6 ul7t jftf{ 6f]nL ;+of]hssf x}l;otn] g]tf cf]nLn] ;xdltsf nflu ePsf jftf{af/] s]Gb|Lo ;b:onfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] . To;kl5 k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] klg cfkm\gf tkm{af6 ePsf ;xdltsf k|of;af/] a}7snfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg'eof] . …t/ b'O{ lbgb]lv d}n] dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn;“u s'/f u/]sf] 5}g,Ú k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] a}7sdf eGg'eof] . ;xdltsf k|of;df cfkm" nflu/x“bf klg bfxfnn] ut cfOtaf/ Ps sfo{qmddf cfkm"nfO{ sfdrnfp ;/sf/ nDAofpg nfu]sf] cf/f]k nufPsfn] pgL;“u s'/f gePsf] k|:6 kfg'{ePsf] lyof] . t/, a}7s ;lsgf;fy pxf“ dfcf]jfbL;“usf] 5nkmnsf nflu lx“8\g'eof] .

s]Gb|Lo sld6Ln] lxhf] u/]sf] lg0f{o;“u} Pp6} tL/af6 b'O{6f l;sf/ ug{ Pdfn] ;kmn ePsf] ljZn]if0f ul/Psf] 5 . klxnf], of] lg0f{on] kf6L{leqsf] PstfnfO{ k'gM phfu/ u/]sf] 5 . bf];|f], ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf;d]t /xg'ePsf cWoIf vgfnnfO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/ klg agfPsf] 5 . Pdfn]n] ut ;fpg % ut]b]lv ;'? klxnf] r/0fsf] lgjf{rgdf klg cWoIf vgfnnfO{ pDd]bjf/sf ¿kdf cl3 ;f/]sf] lyof] . t/, /fli6«o ;xdlt aGbf dfqsf] cj:yfsf] aGb]hsf sf/0f pxf“ ax'dtsf] ;dy{g kfp“bf–kfp“b} klg k|wfgdGqL rog k|lqmofaf6 aflxl/g'ePsf] lyof] . kf6L{n] o; k6s lgM;t{ / ;j{;Ddt pDd]bjf/L agfPkl5 cfkm" pT;flxt geP/ v';L ePsf] cWoIf vgfnn] atfpg'eof] . a}7s ;lsgf;fy a'waf/sf sfo{sf/L ;Dkfbs pHHjn kxf8L;“u s'/f ub}{ cWoIf vgfnn] pDd]bjf/ eP klg /fli6«o ;xdltsf nflu clGtd;Dd ;Sbf] k|oTg g5f8\g] atfpg'eof] .

dfcf]jfbLaf6 bfxfn PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_sf] lxhf] a;]sf] :yfoL ;ldlt a}7sn] kf6L{ cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnnfO{ g} km]l/ klg k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/ agfpg] ;j{;Ddt lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . bfxfnsf] ljsNk vf]Hg kf6L{leq ljleGg sf]0faf6 cfjfh pl7/x]sf] eP klg cfkm\gf] kIfdf ;dy{g h'6fpg bfxfn ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . o;cl3 klxnf] r/0fsf lgjf{rgdf klg Jofks ljjfbsf aLr dfcf]jfbLn] bfxfnnfO{ g} pDd]bjf/ agfPsf] lyof] . ;ftk6s;Dd k/flht ePkl5 pgL lgjf{rg k|lqmofaf6 aflxl/Psf lyP .


cem} ;xdltsf] k|of; u5f}{+

emngfy vgfn, cWoIf, g]skf -Pdfn]_

) s]Gb|Lo sld6Ln] ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf tkfO{+nfO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/ agfof], slt pT;flxt x'g'x'G5 <

– pT;flxt xf]Og, ;fdfGo ¿kdf lnPsf] 5' . g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo sld6Ln] h] lg0f{o u¥of], o;af6 d v';L 5' . kf6L{ ;j{;Ddltsf ;fy lg0f{o ub}{ cufl8 a9\b}5 . of] kf6L{ h;/L b]zleq /fi6«sf] cu|ultsf lglDt e"ldsf v]Nb} cfO/x]sf] 5, o; k|sf/n] lg0f{o ub}{ cufl8 a9\of}“ eg] Tof] e"ldsf cfkm}“ k|efjsf/L aGg ;S5 eGg] ;f]r]/ d v';L ePsf] 5' .

) pDd]bjf/Lsf ljifodf Pdfn]df slrª\un dlRrG5 eGg] ;j{q rrf{ lyof], s] of] rdTsf/L lg0f{o x}g / <

– g]skf -Pdfn]_ s:tf] zlQm, k|lta4tf / ljrf/ ePsf] kf6L{ xf] eGg] s'/fsf] cg'dfg w]/}nfO{ nfpg ufx|f] 5 . w]/} dflg;x¿ dgu9Gt] ;f]rsf ;fy of] kf6L{sf af/]df wf/0ff agfp“5g\ . o;/L wf/0ff agfpg]x¿sf lbdfudf k|To]s k6s t'iff/fkft x'g] u/]sf] 5 . cfh klg xfd|f] kf6L{n] t'iff/fkft ul/lbof] .

) ljutdf klg k|wfgdGqLsf ¿kdf kf6L{n] tkfO{+nfO{ cufl8 ;f/]sf] lyof], t/ ;t{;lxt . o; k6s lgM;t{ pDd]bjf/ aGg'ePsf] 5, s;/L lng'ePsf] 5 <

– xfd|f] kf6L{ cfkm}“ cufl8 a9\b} hfg]qmddf cfkm\gf Jojxf/x¿af6 klg l;Sb} cfO/x]sf] 5 . kf6L{ cWoIfnfO{ s'g} 7fp“df pDd]bjf/ agfpg] xf] eg] xfdLn] ;t{ /fVg' pko'Qm x'Gg eGg] s'/f clxn] kf6L{n] /fd|f];“u a'em]sf] 5 . To;sf/0f, s]Gb|Lo sld6Ln] lgM;t{ / ;j{;Ddt 9ª\un] clxn] pDd]bjf/ rog u/]sf] 5 .

) /fli6«o ;xdltsf nflu eGb} ^ dlxgf t6:y a:g'eof], k|wfgdGqL gr'lgg'sf] bf]if tkfO{+s} kf6L{nfO{ nufOof], km]l/ cfkm}“ ax'dtsf] pDd]bjf/ aGg'ePsf] 5, o;n] kf6L{sf] cf“r / ul/dfdf c;/ kfb}{g / <

– g]skf -Pdfn]_ nfO{ nufOPsf] of] cf/f]k ;j{yf unt xf] . xfd|f] kf6L{n] ;w}“el/ /fli6«o ;xdltsf] emG8f p7fp“b} cfof] . clxn] klg xfdL /fli6«o ;xdlts} kIfdf 5f}+ . xfd|f] kf6L{sf] s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] kf“rf}“ a}7sn] klg /fli6«o ;xdlts} ;jf]{Qd ljsNk xf] eGg] s'/f cufl8 ;f¥of] . xfdL To;df cToGt b[9 5f}“ . clxn] klg b[9 5f}“ .

) casf] af“sL b'O{ lbgdf k|wfgdGqL pDd]bjf/sf ¿kdf tkfO{+sf] sbd s:tf] x'G5 <

– xfdL ;a} kf6L{x¿;“u jftf{ u5f}{+ . ;+jfb cufl8 a9fp“5f}“ . zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf d'2fnfO{ ;jf]{kl/ /fv]/ /fli6«o ;xdlt lgdf{0f ug{sf nflu sf]l;; u5f}{+ . sf]l;; ubf{ klg ePg eg] ca rflx“ of] b]znfO{ ;/sf/ glbP/ x'“b}g . xfdLn] ax'dtLo 9f“rfaf6 klg ;/sf/ lbg'kg]{ cfjZostf 5 . xfdL lbg] sf]l;; u5f}{+ .

) kf6L{n] k|lt:kwf{df ptfl/;Sof], of] k|lt:kwf{ lhTg] s'/fdf slt ljZj:t x'g'x'G5 <

– xfdL clxn] klg /fli6«o ;xdltsf] kIfdf 5f}“ . olb s'g} csf]{ pDd]bjf/sf] kIfdf ;xdlt x"G5 eg] g]skf -Pdfn]_ To;sf nflu klg tof/ 5 . t/, xfd|f] kf6L{sf] kIfdf /fli6«o ;xdlt x'G5 eg] xfdL To;nfO{ emg\ a9L :jfut u5f+}{ . oL s'/f gx'“bf xfdL ax'dtLo 9ª\un] klg cufl8 a9\5f}“ .


sfª\u]|;df kf}8]n g}

sf7df8f}“ . k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgsf nflu kl;{ @) ut]af6 ;'? x'g] bf];|f] r/0fsf] k|lqmofdf g]kfnL sfª\u]|;n] ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf /fdrGb| kf}8]nnfO{ g} pDd]bjf/ agfpg] ePsf] 5 . cl3Nnf] r/0fdf !^cf}“ k6s;Dd k/flht kf}8]nnfO{ km]l/ cufl8 ;fg'{x'“b}g eg]/ z]/axfb'/ b]pjf kIfw/n] lg/Gt/ bafa lb“b} cfPsf] lyof] . b]pjfsf] s8f bafa / dWo:y b]lvPsf s]xL s]Gb|Lo ;b:osf] ;+lbUw e"ldsfaf6 ;zª\lst ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] kf}8]nnfO{ g} pDd]bjf/ agfpg /ftf/ft s]Gb|Lo ;b:o dgf]gog;d]t u/]sf 5g\ .

;f]daf/ b]pjfkIfLo g]tfx¿ pgs} lgjf; a"9fgLns07df e]nf eP/ s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7s dfu ug]{ cleofgdf nfu]sf lyP . 8]9 dlxgfb]lv s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7s g8fs]/ kf}8]nnfO{ g} pDd]bjf/ agfpg] kIfdf sf]O/fnf lyP . t/, b]pjf kIfn] e]nf g} u/]/ a}7s 8fSg nufpg] / gof“ lg0f{o u/fpg] /0fgLlt lnPkl5 sf]O/fnfn] abnfdf csf]{ /0fgLlt lnPsf 5g\ . b]pjfsf] rfxgf a}7s a;fP/ pDd]bjf/sf ¿kdf cfkm\gf] gfd lg0f{o u/fpg] lyof] . cg'/f]w ubf{ klg a}7s af]nfpg gdfg] x:tfIf/ u/]/ klg a}7s af]nfpg] lgisif{df b]pjf kIfw/x¿ k'u]sf lyP . t/, b]pjfsf] of] rnfvLnfO{ sf]O/fnfn] csf]{ c:q k|of]u u/]/ nf]Kkf v'jfOlbPsf 5g\ . …;k{ klg dg]{ / n¶L klg gef“lrg]Ú pvfgnfO{ sf]O/fnfsf] gof“ sbdn] rl/tfy{ ul/lbPsf] rrf{ sfª\u]|;j[Qdf 5 . Tof] s] eg] sf]O/fnfn] b]pjfsf] dfuadf]lhd ;DejtM cfh} a}7s af]nfp“b} 5g\ . o;f] ubf{ b]pjf v]dfsf] dfu k"/f x'g] g} eof] . t/, kf}8]nnfO{ g} pDd]bjf/ agfpg cfkm\gf] ks8 alnof] agfpg cfkm" lgs6 * hgfnfO{ ;f]daf/ /flt g} s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf dgf]gog klg u/]sf 5g\ .

lagfu[xsfo{ sf]O/fnfn] ;f]daf/ /flt PSsfl; gf} hgf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o dgf]gog u/]sf 5g\ . dgf]gog;DaGwL s'/f To;cl3 kf6L{leqs} zLif{ txdf p7]sf] ;Dd lyPg . b]pjflgs6 Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] eg], …kbflwsf/L dgf]gog ljjfbkl5 ;a} s'/f :ylut h:t} ePsf] lyof], PSsfl; dgf]gog u/]sf] ;'Gbf t 5Ss} k¥of}“ . sf]O/fnfn] dgf]gLt u/]sf]df eLdaxfb'/ tfdfª, g/xl/ cfrfo{, ljdn]Gb| lglw, kb\dgf/fo0f rf}w/L, /fds[i0f tfd|fsf/, nLnf sf]O/fnf, lbnaxfb'/ 3tL{, uf]kfn kxf8L / kmd"{Nnfx dG;'/ 5g\ . oLdWo] lglw dfq b]pjfsf kSsf dfG5] x'g\ . pgL b]pjf Kofgnaf6} dxfdGqLdf k/flht ePsf lyP . tfdfª / cfrfo{nfO{ t];|f] wf/ dflgg] u/] klg b]pjfeGbf sf]O/fnf;“u} lgs6 /x]sf] atfOG5 . pgLx¿ dxflwj]zgdf t];|f] wf/af6 ;efklt / dxfdGqLdf k/flht ePsf lyP .

sfª\u]|; ljwfgdf kbflwsf/L dgf]gog dfq} s]Gb|Lo sld6Laf6 kf; u/fpg'k5{ . s]Gb|Lo ;b:o dgf]gog ;efkltsf] clwsf/ If]qleq ;Lldt 5 . of] dgf]gog;“u sf]O/fnfsf] kf6L{leq alnof] ks8 ePsf] 5 . To;}n], sfª\u]|; ca sf]O/fnfkyd} cl3 a9\g] atfOG5 . t/, of] dgf]gognfO{ b]pjf kIfw/n] ;fdfGo ¿kdf lnPsf 5}gg\ . ;efkltsf] clwsf/ ePsfn] 36gf ;fdfGo eP klg o;n] ;Qf ;dLs/0fdf kfg]{ k|efj;“u uf“l;Psfn] r'k nfu]/ ga:g] b]pjf lgs6:yx¿n] b]pjfnfO{ ;'gfO;s]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . !@cf}“ dxflwj]zgnfO{ sfª\u]|;n] Pstfsf] dxflwj]zg eg] klg of] dgf]gog;“u kf6L{ km]l/ ljefhgsf] lbzftkm{ cl3 a9]sf] cg'dfg ;'? x'g yfn]sf] 5 . of] dgf]gogn] kf}8]nsf] pDd]bjf/LnfO{ eg] ca kSsfkSsL agfOlbPsf] 5 . oBlk lxhf] lbge/ klg b]pjf kIfw/x¿ pgsf] lgjf;df hDdf eO{ clxn]sf] cj:yfdf kf}8]nnfO{ cufl8 ;f/]/ hfg g;lsg] eGb} b]pjfnfO{ bafa lbPsf lyP . ptf sf]O/fnfn] cfkm\gf] lgjf; dxf/fhu~hdf lxhf] ca]/;Dd o; ljifodf /fo lng cfkm" lgs6 ;b:ox?nfO{ 8fs]sf lyP . cf}krfl/s lg0f{o eg] cfh s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s a;]/ ug]{ a'lemPsf] 5 .


hd/s§]nnfO{ zlQm a:g]tsf] wfk

nlntk'/ . PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_sf dhb'/ ;ª\u7gleq ljut b'O{ jif{b]lv hf/L ljjfb cGttM ljefhgsf] txdf k'u]sf] 5 . ljjfbs} aLr ljutdf b'O{ kIfw/ g]tfaLr af/Daf/ s'6lk6sf 36gf x'“b} cfPsf lyP . t/, o; k6s eg] To:tf] s'6lk6sf] lgzfgf ;'Ts]/L dlxnf;d]t ag] eg] sltkosf] ;Dk"0f{ nQfsk8f / ef“8fs'“8f;d]t n'l6Psf 5g\ .

cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn / pkfWoIf df]xg j}B kIfw/aLrsf] n8fO“sf] s]Gb|df e|ft[;ª\u7g clvn g]kfn 6]«8 o'lgog dxf;ª\3sf cWoIf zflns/fd hd/s§]n 5g\ . hd/s§]n bfxfn lgs6 x'g\ . pgL;“u ljut b'O{ jif{b]lv 6Ss/ ub}{ cfPsf j}B kIfw/ dhb'/ g]tf ab|L ahufO{+ x'g\ . pgL dxf;ª\3sf pkfWoIf x'g\ . xf]6n / Sofl;gf]af6 k};f hyfefjL c;'Ng] / ;ª\u7gdf dgf]dfgL ug]{ hd/s§]nsf] z}nLlj?4 b'O{ jif{b]lv va/bf/L ub}{ cfPsf ahufO{+ kIfw/ km]l/ hd/s§]nsf] /fd w'nfOdf k/]sf 5g\ . ut cfOtaf/ laxfg hd/s§]n kIfw/n] vGgf ufd]{G6df cfqmd0f u/L ahufO{+ kIfw/dfly xftkft dfq} u/]gg\ ;a} lhG;L ;fdu|L;d]t n'6]sf] atfOG5 . nlntk'/l:yt vGgf ufd]{G6 cfkm\gf] sAhfdf lnO{ dfcf]jfbL dhb'/n] …SofDkÚsf] ¿kdf k|of]u ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . Toxf“ dfcf]jfbL dhb'/sf !$ kl/jf/ a:b} cfPsf 5g\ . a;f]af; ug]{dWo] clwsf+z j}B kIfw/ 5g\ . zlgaf/ nlntk'/ dxf;ª\3df ahufO{+

kIfw/n] ;dfgfGt/ sld6L agfPsf] emf]sdf cfOtaf/ laxfg} hd/s§]n ;d"x Toxf“ k'uL s'6lk6 / n'6kf6 u/]sf lyP . gjul7t ;dfgfGt/ sld6Lsf ;+of]hs s]aL ;'j]bLsf] dfq sl/a tLg nfvsf] ;DklQ hd/s§]n ;d"xn] n'6]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . …d]/f] t nufPsf] Ps;/f] n'ufafx]s s]xL klg af“sL /fv]gg\,Ú ;'j]bLn] cfkm\gflgs6 ;fyLx¿nfO{ ;'gfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . dxf;ª\3sf pkdxf;lrj /fhg ltldlN;gfsf] g]t[Tjdf uPsf] 6f]nLn] n'6kf6 u/]sf] xf] . ;'j]bLsf ;a} nQfsk8f / ef“8fs'“8f sAhfdf lnPkl5 Toxf“ a:b} cfPsf ;'Ts]/LnfO{ klg lk6]/ v]lbPsf] ahufO{+ ;d"xn] atfPsf] 5 . o;cl3 ut df3 dlxgfdf klg hd/s§]n ;d"xn] ahufO{+ ;d"xnfO{ k'Nrf]ssf] Ps sfo{qmdd} s'6lk6 u/]sf] lyof] . To;a]nf klg ahufO{+ kIfw/ / tLg hgfsf] s/ª ef“lrPsf] lyof] .

gof“ lap a:g]t

dxf;ª\3sf] cWoIfaf6 hd/s§]nnfO{ x6fpgf;fy dhb'/ ljjfb ;'Nemg] atfOG5 . pgnfO{ x6fpg] ljifodf dfcf]jfbLsf] :yfoL ;ldltb]lv kf]ln6Ao'/f], s]Gb|Lo sld6L / dxf;ª\3s} a}7sdf klg bh{gf}“ k6s s'/f p7]sf] atfOG5 . dxf;ª\3s} a}7sdf klg bh{gf}“ k6s s'/f p7]sf] atfOG5 . dxf;ª\3sf sltko a}7sdf cWoIf bfxfn, pkfWoIfqo ls/0f, 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ / gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7, dxf;lrj /fdaxfb'/ yfkf …afbnÚ;d]t pkl:yt ePsf 5g\ . tL a}7sdf :jod\ cWoIf bfxfn g} hd/s§]nnfO{ x6fpg] s'/fdf ;xdt alg;s]sf lyP . To;afx]s :jod\ j}Bn] g} pgnfO{ x6fpg af/Daf/ bfxfnnfO{ bafa lb“b} cfPsf] klg lyof] . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, …x6fpg rfx] klg kl5 zlQmaxfb'/ a:g]tsf s'/f ;'g]/ cWoIf bfxfn v'Dr]sf x'g\ . a:g]t bfxfnsf :jsLo ;lrj dfq xf]Ogg\ dhb'/ k|m\ofS;g k|d'v;d]t x'g\ . k|d'v ag]kl5 a:g]tn] hd/s§]nnfO{ sfvL Rofk]sf] atfOG5 . To;}n] clxn]sf] 36gfsf] gof“ lap a:g]t ePsf] cf/f]k j}B kIfw/x¿sf] 5 .

zlgaf/ s] eof] <

cfkm\gf] s'/f xhf/f}“rf]l6 cjut u/fp“bf klg ;'g'jfO gePkl5 ahufO{+ kIfw/n] vGgf ufd]{G6df nlntk'/ dxf;ª\3 u7gsf] sfo{qmd to u/]sf lyP . laxfg !! ah] sfo{qmdsf] ;do tf]lsPsf] lyof] . t/, of] ;'O“sf] kfPkl5 hd/s§]n ;d"xn] !) ah] g} ufd]{G6nfO{ cfkm\gf] sAhfdf lnPsf] lyof] . To;kl5 ahufO{+ kIfw/x¿ p7]/ ltv]b]jn k'u]sf lyP . ToxL“ a;]/ s]aL ;'j]bLsf] ;+of]hsTjdf gof“ ;dfgfGt/ sld6L u7g u/] . To;s} emf]sdf ef]lnkN6 ufd]{G6 k'u]/ hd/s§]n ;d"xn] s'6lk6 / n'6kf6 dRrfPsf lyP .

dxf;ª\3df hd/s§]n alnof]

^ bh{g ;b:o /x]sf] dxf;ª\3df hd/s§]n ;d"x g} alnof] 5 . hd/s§]nn] cfkm"v';L cfkm\gf lgs6:yx¿nfO{ dgf]gog u/]/ cj:yf alnof] agfPsf] atfOG5 . ;|+f]tn] eGof]– …clxn] pgL alnof] 5g\ t/ dxflwj]zg ug]{ xf] eg] xf5{g\ .Ú dxf;ª\3df e§/fO{ / j}B ;d"x Ps 5g\ . dxf;ª\3 cGtu{tsf 36sx¿df hd/s§]n ;d"x dfnbf/ 7fp“df alnof] /x]sf] atfOG5 . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …cf}Bf]lus If]qh:tf dfnbf/ 7fp“df k|r08 kIf alnof] 5, t/ Sofl;gf]df k|r08, e§/fO{ / j}B xf/fxf/Lsf] cj:yfdf 5g\ .


dw];L bn;“u u'xf/

sf7df8f}“ . aflx/ ;xdlt ug'{k5{ eGb} lrNnf s'/f ug]{, t/ leqleq} ;xdlt laufg]{ v]ndf PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLs} g]tfx¿ nflu/x]sf 5g\ . tLg zLif{ g]tfx¿ ;lDdlnt a}7sdf /fli6«o ;xdlt h'6fpg 3lge"t k|of; ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] dfcf]jfbL leqleq} ;xdlt eTsfpg nfluk/]sf] 5 . ;f]daf/ zflGt dGqfnosf] a}7sdf tLg lbg;Dd nrstfsf ;fy ;xdlt h'6fpg k|of; ug]{ k|lta4tf hgfP/ p7]sf] dfcf]jfbLn] dw];jfbL bnx¿;“u ;Qf …afu]{lgªÚsf nflu uf]Ko e]63f6 u/]sf] 5 .

dfcf]jfbL dw];LjfbL bnx¿sf] ;fy lnP/ ;/sf/ lgdf{0f ug]{ k|oTgdf xft wf]P/ nfluk/]sf] 5 . tLg bnsf] a}7sdf …;xdltsf nflu nrs aG5f}“Ú eGg] cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] dw];L bnx¿nfO{ dfnbf/ dGqfno lbg] pwf/f] cfZjf;g af“8\b} cfkm"nfO{ ;xof]u ug]{ cfu|x u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . pRr ;|f]tsf cg';f/, cWoIf bfxfnn] cfkm"nfO{ k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgdf ;3fP pkk|wfg tyf u[xdGqL agfpg] cfZjf;g dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d -nf]stflGqs_sf cWoIf ljhos'df/ uR5bf/nfO{ lbPsf 5g\ . o;cl3 uR5bf/sf ;fnf ;xb]j sIfktLsf] ;ftbf]af6f]l:yt 3/df e]6]/ bfxfnn] uR5bf/;“u s'/fsfgL u/]sf lyP .

dfnbf/ dGqfnox¿sf] pwf/f] cfZjf;gaf6 dw];L bnx¿nfO{ cfkm"tkm{ cfslif{t ug{ ;lsg] 7DofO bfxfnsf] 5 . sfª\u]|; / Pdfn]nfO{ ;/sf/ aflx/ /fv]/ dw];L bnsf] j}zfvLdf lgdf{0f ePsf] ;/sf/sf] eljioaf/] eg] pgn] s'g} s'/f atfpg grfx]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . s]xL dw];L bnx¿n] cfkm"x¿;“usf] uf]Ko e]63f6df To;af/] ;f]wvf]h ug]{ k|of; u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . ;Qf :jfy{sf sf/0f 6'6km'6 eP/ cnlUuPsf dw];L bnx¿ ;a}nfO{ dfcf]jfbLn] h;/L klg cfkm\gf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ lgdf{0f ug{ l/emfP/} 5f8\g] of]hgf agfPsf] 5 .

h'g;'s} k|sf/sf xTs08f / u}//fhgLlts sfd u/]/ eP klg pgLx¿sf] ;fy lng] of]hgfdf bfxfn /x]sf] atfOG5 . o;cl3 ;/sf/ lgdf{0fsf nflu klg pgLx¿sf] ;xof]u lng cWoIf bfxfnn] k|ltJolQm %) nfv ?k}of“ vr{ ug]{ eGb} lrlgof“ Jofkf/Lx¿;“u 6]lnkmf]gdf ;+jfb ug]{ ljb]z ljefu k|d'v s[i0faxfb'/ dx/fdfkm{t …afu]{lgªÚ u/]sf lyP .

hlt;'s} xTs08f ckgfP/ dw];jfbLx¿sf] ;xof]udf ;/sf/ lgdf{0f ug{ cWoIf bfxfn ;kmn eP klg Tof] lbuf] gx'g] :ki6 5 . lbuf] u7aGwglagfsf] ;/sf/n] zflGt / ;+ljwfg glbg] :ki6 5 . dw];L bnnfO{ dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfnn] b]vfPsf] …nnLkkÚk|lt dw];L bnn] vf;} k|:6 k|ltlqmof glbPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . t/, t/fO{ dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{n] eg] dfcf]jfbLsf] of] s'l6n k|:tfj 7f8} c:jLsf/ u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . ef/tsf] rfxgfdf u7g ePsf elgPsf dw];L bnnfO{ af]s]/ dfcf]jfbL g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/ ag] klg Tof] /fli6«o ;d:of ;dfwfgdf ;kmn gx'g] atfOG5 . h'g zlQmn] o:tf] u7aGwg lgdf{0f u5{, ef]ln ToxL zlQmn] eTsfpg] ljZn]if0f /fhgLlts j[Qdf 5 . olb o:tf] u7aGwgsf] ;/sf/ ag]df Tof] Oltxf;s} ;a}eGbf c;kmn ;/sf/ x'g] w]/}sf] 7DofO 5 .


;+ljwfg;efdf csf]{ bn

sf7df8f}“ . ;Qfsf] l5gfemK6Ldf nfu]s} sf/0f clxn] ;+ljwfg;efsf bnx¿sf] ;ª\Vof a9\g] qmd hf/L 5 . z'qmaf/ @% bnn] k|ltlglwTj ug]{ ;+ljwfg;efdf clxn] rf/ bn ylkP/ @( bn ePsf 5g\ . t/, km'6\g] bnsf] /]s8{df dw];L bn g} cufl8 b]lvPsf 5g\ . dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d b'O{ lr/fdf ljeQm ePb]lv ;'? ePsf] km'6\g]qmd kl5Nnf] k6s t/fO{ dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{;Dd cfOk'u]sf] 5 . tdnf]kfaf6 cnlUuP/ tdnf]kf g]kfn gfdsf] kf6L{ vf]n]sf dx]Gb| /fo ofbjn] lgjf{rg cfof]udf ;f]daf/ dfq &*cf}“ bnsf] dfGotf kfPsf 5g\ . ;a} hghfltsf] ;dfg dfGotf kfPsf 5g\ . ;a} hfthfltsf] ;dfg k|ltlglwTj x'g g;s]sf] cf/f]k nufp“b} ut k'; !^ ut] tdnf]kfaf6 tTsfnLg pBf]udGqL;d]t /x]sf ofbj;lxt !# hgf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o cnu ePsf lyP . pgLx¿n] ut !! ut] lgjf{rg cfof]udf bn btf{sf nflu lgj]bg lbPsf lyP .

cfof]un] ofbjsf] cWoIftfdf ul7t !( ;b:oLo sfo{;ldlt;lxtsf] ;d"xnfO{ gof“ bnsf] ¿kdf dfGotf lbPsf] xf] . gof“ bnsf] ;xcWoIfdf /fdrGb| s'zjfx, pkfWoIfdf j[hlszf]/ l;+x, dxfdGqL bfgaxfb'/ rf}w/L, ;xdxfdGqL c/ljGb ;fx / sf]iffWoIfdf /d0fL /fd /x]sf 5g\ . ;xcWoIf s'zjfx o;cl3 e|i6frf/df k/]/ lzIffdGqLaf6 avf{:tLdf k/]sf JolQm x'g\ eg] ;xdxfdGqL ;fx sfª\u]|;af6 tdnf]kfdf cfPsf x'g\ . kl5Nnf] k6s dw];L bnn] ljleGg d'2f cl3 ;f/]/ bn km'6fpg] u/] klg pgLx¿sf] p2]Zo eg] ;Qf afu]{lgª g} x'g] u/]sf] 5 . dw];L bnn] ;femf dw];L df]rf{sf] cjwf/0ff cl3 ;f/] klg Tof] df]rf{ clxn] cl:tTjdf 5}g .

rfn" k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgcl3 g} df]rf{nfO{ ;lqmo agfpg vf]h] klg Tof] k|of; ;kmn ePsf] 5}g . o;cl3 df]rf{df dxGy 7fs'/n] g]t[Tj u/]sf] t/fO{ dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{, b'O{ j6f kmf]/d / /fh]Gb| dxtf]sf] ;b\efjgf kf6L{ ;+nUg lyP . df]rf{ ;+o'Qm x'“bf dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/dsf] @#, nf]stflGqs kmf]/dsf] @*, tdnf]kfsf] !!, tdnf]kf g]kfnsf] gf} / /fh]Gb| dxtf]sf] ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf] gf} l;6 5 . hDdf &) l;6 /x]sf] dw];L bn Ps} 7fp“df x'“bf ;Qf ;dLs/0fdf k|efjsf/L e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{;Sg] b]lvG5 . t/, dw];L bnsf g]tfx¿dWo] sf]xL dfcf]jfbL ;dy{s t sf]xL k|hftflGqs u7aGwg kIfw/ b]lvPsf 5g\ .


df]rf{ ;lqmo

sf7df8f}“ . rf/ dlxgfb]lv lgl:qmo /x“b} cfPsf] dw];L bnx¿sf] df]rf{ km]l/ ;lqmo ePsf] 5 . ljutdf k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgd} s]lGb|t /x]/ u7g ePsf] of] df]rf{ ;ftf}“ r/0fsf] lgjf{rg;“u} lgl:qmo ag]sf] lyof] . ;ftf}“ r/0f;Dd pDd]bjf/L sfod /fv]sf] PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLaf6 k};fsf] rnv]n x'g' / s]xL ;ef;b\af6 …km\nf]/ qm;Ú ePsf] 36gf;“u} df]rf{ klg ;]nfPsf] lyof] .

kl5Nnf] ;dodf ePsf s]xL dw];L bn 6'lqmPkl5 df]rf{sf] ultljlw z"Go ag]sf] lyof] . t/, bf];|f] r/0fsf] lgjf{rg ;'? x'g' b'O{ lbgcl3 lxhf]af6 df]rf{ ;lqmo ePsf] 5 . @) ut]sf] r'gfjdf dw];L bnsf] e"ldsfaf/] Pp6} lg0f{o lng eGb} lxhf] ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf] ;+;bLo bndf df]rf{sf] a}7s a;]sf] 5 . of] ;dfrf/ tof/ kfb{;Dd ;f] a}7ssf] lg0f{o eg] aflx/ cfPsf] 5}g . t/, ljleGg l;4fGt af]s]sf kf6L{ df]rf{df ePsfn] Pp6} lg0f{o lng] s'/f c;Dejk|foM ePsf] atfOG5 .


k|dsf ;fd' ljdnfdfly s]/sf/

sf7df8f}“ . sflQs !( ut]b]lv lbkfonaf6 a]kQf nf]s;]jf cfof]usf ;'b"/klZrdf~rn If]qLo lgb]{zs gj/fh rf}nfufO{+sf] cj:yf kQf nufpg k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] km]l/ lgb]{zg lbg'ePsf] 5 . dª\unaf/ laxfg cfkm\g} lgjf;df u[xdGqL eLd /fjn, u[x;lrj uf]ljGbk|;fb s';'d, k|x/L dxflg/LIfs /d]z rGb / cltl/Qm dxflg/LIfs g/]z u'?ª;“u} kl/jf/sf ;b:ox¿;d]tnfO{ /fv]/ pxf“n] ;f] lgb]{zg lbg'ePsf] xf] . rf}nfufO{+ a]kQf x'“bf ;'b"/klZrdf~rnsL k|d'v /x]sL 8LcfO{hL ljdnf yfkf;d]t ;f] cj;/df pkl:yt lyOg\ .

8LcfO{hL yfkfn] a]kQf rf}nfufO{+ ;s'zn /x]sf], ;Dks{d} /x]sf] h:tf va/ kl/jf/sf ;b:ox¿nfO{ lbPkl5 yk cGof]n a9]sf] lyof] . Psflt/ k|x/L cg';Gwfgaf6 s'g} kQf] gnfUg' / csf{lt/ k|x/Ls} lhDd]jf/ clws[tn] To:tf] ;"rgf lbg'n] 36gfnfO{ /x:odo agfPsf] lyof] . dª\unaf/ k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] …s] cfwf/df tkfO{+n] To:tf] eGg'ePsf] xf] <Ú eg]/ 8LcfO{{hL yfkfnfO{ ;f]w]kl5 pgn] hjfkm lbPsL lyOg\– …k|wfgdGqLHo", d}n] ;'/fsLsf cfwf/df To;f] eg]sL x'“ . clxn] klg ;'/fsL d]/f] ;Dks{df 5 .Ú;|f]tsf cg';f/, 8LcfO{hL yfkfnfO{ g} lbkfon k'u]/ yk cg';Gwfg ug{ k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] lgb]{zg lbg'ePsf] 5 . …k|wfgdGqLsf] lgb]{zg cg';f/ ca yfkf g} To; If]qdf hfg'x'g]5,Ú ;|f]tn] eGof] .


>Ldfg\sf] gfddf odLsf] unkmQL

sf7df8f}“ . dfcf]jfbL g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ lgdf{0f x'“bf cfkm\gf >Ldfg\ afa'/fd e§/fO{;“u} Pp6} Soflag]6df dGqL eP/ Pp6} Sjf6{/df a;]sL tTsfnLg ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0fdGqL lxl;nf odL clxn] klg >Ldfg\nfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpg dl/xQ] u/]/ nfu]sL 5g\ . dfcf]jfbLleq afa'/fdnfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpg'k5{ eGg] :j/ lemgf] ¿kdf dfq p7\g] u/]sf] 5 . t}klg >Ldfg\nfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpg lxl;nf odL eg] hd]/ g} nfu]sL 5g\ . kltnfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpgsf nflu kf6L{leq /flvg] dt sdhf]/ x'g] b]v]kl5 ;fj{hlgs ;df/f]x / e]nf k|lzIf0fdf k|rf/s} nflu eP klg pgn] dfcf]jfbLdf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnsf] ljsNksf ¿kdf cfkm\gf klt 8f= e§/fO{nfO{ cl3 ;fg]{ u/]sL 5g\ .

ldl8ofnfO{ …x6 s]sÚ x'g]u/L cfqmfds :j/ p/fNg] lxl;nfn] e[s'6Ld08kdf cl3Nnf] dlxgf ePsf] k|lzIf0fdf gf/fafhL ub}{ k|lzIf0f alxisf/sf] cu'jfO u/]sL lyOg\ . To:t}, l/kf]6{;\ Snasf] sfo{qmddf klg pgn] k|wfgdGqLsf pDd]bjf/sf ¿kdf 8f= e§/fO{nfO{ cl3 ;fg'{kg]{ bfaL u/]sL lyOg\ . lxl;nf o;cl3 klg hlxNo} kf6L{leq p6\k6\ofª s'/f u/]/ rrf{df cfpg] JolQmdf kl5{g\ . dfcf]jfbLdf 8f= e§/fO{sf] ;dy{gdf odL, /fd sfsL{, 6f]kaxfb'/ /fodfemL, b]j]Gb| kf}8]n nufotsf g]tfx¿ 5g\ . tyflk, kl5Nnf] cj:yfdf pkfWoIf df]xg j}B / k|r08 kIfw/x¿sf] ldngkl5 8f= e§/fO{ cNkdtdf k/]sf 5g\ . o:tf] cj:yfdf lxl;nfn] cfkm\gf >Ldfg\ 8f= e§/fO{nfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpg hlt g} dl/xQ] u/] klg dfcf]jfbLn] k|wfgdGqLsf pDd]bjf/ km]g]{ ;Defjgf eg] Psbd Go"g 5 . kf6L{ ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf klg cWoIf k|r08 g} ePsfn] kf6L{n] km]l/ klg pgnfO{ g} cl3 ;fg]{ kSsfkSsL ePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 .


k]l/;8f“8faf6 ;ft nfvsf] y}nL

nf]s]Gb| s];L

sf7df8f}“ . cfkm\gf sfo{stf{x¿n] n'6]sf] gub ;ft nfv ?k}of“ PsLs[t -dfcf]jfbL_sf] …x]8Sjf6{/Ún] b; dlxgfkl5 lkmtf{ u/]sf] 5 . sf7df8f}“ dxfgu/kflnsf j8f gDa/–!$ sn+sL a:g] e/t sfsL{sf] n'l6Psf] ;f] /sd df3 !) ut] r'krfk a'emfpg dfcf]jfbL …x]8Sjf6{/Ú afWo ag]sf] xf] . lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tfsf] rf/ jif{ lalt;Sbf;d]t /fHosf] ;'/Iff ;+oGqh:t} u/L …SofDkÚ v8f u/]/ ;ª\ul7t ¿kd} a:b} cfPsf cfkm\gf sfo{stf{x¿sf] cfk/flws wGbfsf] k|folZrt ub}{ …x]8Sjf6{/Ún] /sd a'emfPsf] 5 . kf6L{sf] OHht 9fSgs} nflu klg ;f] /sd a'emfpg dfcf]jfbL afWo ePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . t/, /sd a'emfPsf] k|folZrt dfcf]jfbL …x]8Sjf6{/Ún] jfO{;LPn g]jfM /fHo ;ldltdfkm{t lj1lKt lgsfn]/ u/]sf] 5 .

dfcf]jfbL g]jf /fHo ;ldlt ;b:o tyf sf7df8f}“ lhNnf lgjf{rg If]q gDa/–( OGrfh{ sdnf yfD;'xfªsf sf/0f dfcf]jfbLn] /sd lkmtf{ ug{ afWo ag]sf] xf] . e}/jgfy u0fdf a]kQf ePsf lgZrn gsdL{sf kTgL yfD;'xfªsf] g]t[Tjdf cfPsf] jfO{;LPnsf] hTyfn] 8]/fdf a:b} cfPsf e/t sfsL{nfO{ )^^ r}t ( ut] ckx/0f u/L rsf]{ oftgf lbP/ /sd n'6]sf lyP . sfsL{nfO{ dxfgu/kflnsfsf] j8f gDa/–#$ l:yt cfnf]sgu/sf] jfO{;LPn SofDkleq lnO{ oftgf lbP/ sf]7fsf] rfjL lnO{ ;a} ;fdfg lgoGq0fdf lnPsf lyP . rf/ lbg SofDkleq aGws agfP/ sfsL{nfO{ a}ª\s ckm Pl;ofsf] vfnL r]s gDa/ &)^%&( df x:tfIf/ ug{ nufOPsf] lyof] .

o;cl3 dfcf]jfbLs} sfo{stf{ /x]sf sfsL{nfO{ yfD;'xfªsf] g]t[Tjdf cfPsf] ;ft hgfsf] ;d"xn] ckx/0f u/L n'6]sf lyP . ToxL 36gfn] dfcf]jfbL …x]8Sjf6{/Ú b; dlxgfkl5 cfP/ uNg afWo ePsf] xf] . /sd n'l6Pkl5 klg ;f] s'/f aflx/ gNofpg yfD;'xfªn] sfsL{nfO{ wDsL lbPsL lyOg\ . t/, hLjg/Iffsf nflu dfgjclwsf/sdL{ / sfg'g Joj;foLsf] z/0fdf k'u]sf sfsL{ pgLx¿sf] ;xof]udfkm{t lhNnf cbfnt k'u]sf lyP . r}t @& ut] sfsL{n] dxfgu/Lo k|x/L kl/;/ xg'dfg 9f]sfdf yfD;'xfªlj?4 ckx/0f tyf z/L/ aGws agfPsf] eGb} d'2f bfo/ u/]sf lyP . t/, dfcf]jfbL g]jfM /fHo ;ldlt OGrfh{ kjgdfg >]i7n] …hfx]/L kq k|x/Laf6 vf];]/ RofltlbG5', d'2fn] s]xL gfKb}gÚ eGb} ukm ub}{ lx“8]sf lyP .

yfD;'xfªnfO{ k|x/Ln] s;}u/L kqmfp ug{ g;s]kl5 sf7df8f}“ lhNnf cbfntdf ;f] d'2f k'u]sf] lyof] . )^& c;f/ @ ut] d'2f cbfntdf bfo/ ul/Pkl5 cbfntn] sflQs @# ut] yfD;'xfªnfO{ xflh/L cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] lyof] . t/, To; ;do;Ldfleq klg yfD;'xfª ;Dks{df gcfPkl5 Dofb tfd]n u/]sf] lyof] . sfg'gL pNemgdf yfD;'xfª km;]kl5 …d'2fn] s]xL gfKb}gÚ eGb} ukm ug]{ dfcf]jfbLsf g]jfM /fHo ;ldltsf g]tfx¿n] k};f a'emfp“5f}“, ckx/0f xf]Og, /fhgLlts sf/0fn] xf] elglbg';\Ú eg]/ sfsL{ kIfsf sfg'g Joj;foLx¿;dIf cfu|x u/]sf lyP . t/, Tof] klg :Dej gePkl5 !) dlxgfkl5 dfcf]jfbL ;Da4 sfg'g Joj;foL clwjQmf /d0fs'df/ >]i7;Ifd k};f a'emfpg jfO{;LPn pkTosf OGrfh{ rGb|axfb'/ yfkf -;fu/_ cfkm}“ cfPsf lyP .

…x]8Sjf6{/Úaf6 NofPsf] k};fsf] y}nL clwjQmf >]i7nfO{ ;fu/n] df3 % ut] a'emfPsf lyP . pgn] uNtL ePsf] :jLsf/ ub}{ lj1lKtdfkm{t Ifdf dfu]sf lyP . yfD;'fxfª nufotsf cfkm\gf sfo{stf{nfO{ …s]xL ;fyLx¿n]Ú egL pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . lj1lKtdf ;fu/n] …snª\sLaf6 jfO{;LPn g]kfnsf] gfddfkm{t s]xL ;fyLx¿n] >L e/t sfsL{dfly xftkft tyf ;fdflhs ¿kdf cf“r cfpg] k|sf/sf] cf/f]k tyf lqmofsnfk u/]sf] hfgsf/L ;ª\u7gdf cfPsf] x'“bf ;f] 36gfk|lt b'Mv k|s6 u5'{Ú eg]sf 5g\ . ;fu/n] lj1lKtdfkm{t g} cfufdL lbgdf o:tf sfd gug]{ pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ .

dfcf]jfbLn] ;j{;fwf/0f gful/ssf] k};f n'6]/ lkmtf{ u/]sf] ;DejtM klxnf] k6s xf] . ;j{q bafa y]Ug g;s]/ ;f] k};f lkmtf{ ul/Psf] a'lemPsf] 5 . )^& df3 !) ut] ;f] /sd clwjQmf /d0fs'df/ >]i7sf] …nÚ kmd{df clwjQmfx¿ xl/ km'ofn, 6Lsf/fd e§/fO{, d'/f/Lk|;fb ;fksf]6f / >]i7sf] /f]xa/df lkmtf{ ul/Psf] lyof] .

ckx/0f, lkm/f}tL / z/L/ aGws /fVg] sfddf /fhgLlts Oltxf;d} sLlt{dfgL sfod /fv]sf cfkm\gf sfo{stf{x¿sf sf/0f clxn] …x]8Sjf6{/Ú g} cK7\of/f]df k/]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . kf6L{sf] OHht hf]ufpg dfcf]jfbL …x]8Sjf6{/Údf o:tf k|sf/sf ;of}“ d'2fx¿ cfpg] u5{g\, h;n] ubf{ g]t[Tj ;ª\s6u|:t aGb} cfPsf] 5 . yfD;'xfªn] n'6]sf] ;f] /sd klg x]8Sjf6{/df ga'emfP/ ufoa kfl/Psf] 5 . h;n] clxn] g]jfM /fHo ;ldlt / jfO{;LPnaLr s]xL lbgotf tgfj a9\b} uPsf] 5 . h;sf sf/0f g]jfM /fHo ;ldltsf kf6L{ OGrfh{ lxtdfg zfSo / jfO{;LPn OGrfh{ rGb|axfb'/ yfkf -;fu/_ aLr dgd'6fj a9]sf] 5 . oxL sf/0f agfP/ ;fu/nfO{ x6fpg km]l/ zfSo sl:;P/ nfu]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/ kf6L{leq cfly{s lxgfldgfaf/] 5fgl=ag eO/x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 .


;Dks{ d~rdf wdfwd gof“ g]t[Tj

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ ;Da4 ljleGg lhNnf ;Dks{ d~rx¿sf clwj]zg wdfwd eO/x]sf 5g\ . labfsf] lbg kf/]/ ut zlgaf/ dfq} kf“rj6f lhNnf ;Dks{ d~rsf clwj]zg ;DkGg ePsf 5g\ . zlgaf/ /fhwfgLsf ljleGg SofDk;df dsjfgk'/, uf]/vf, /f}tx6, ;'g;/L / wflbª ;Dks{ d~rsf] gof“ g]t[Tj rog ePsf] 5 .

uf]/vfdf aflgof“

g]skf -Pdfn]_ uf]/vf–sf7df8f}+ ;Dks{ d~rsf] cf7f}“ ;Dd]ngn] /fh]Gb| aflgof“sf] cWoIftfdf @& ;b:oLo gof“ g]t[Tj lglj{/f]w rog u/]sf] 5 . ;Dd]ngsf] zlgaf/ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o jfr:klt b]jsf]6fn] pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . ;Dd]ngn] pkfWoIfdf k"0f{ nfld5fg], ;lrjdf gjLg >]i7, pk;lrjdf cf/;L nfld5fg] / sf]iffWoIfdf P; nfld5fg]nfO{ rog u/]sf] 5 . ;Dd]ngnfO{ g]kfn /fli6«o lzIfs ;ª\u7gsf cWoIf afa'/fd clwsf/L, u08sL c~rn ;dGjo sld6Lsf ;b:oåo >LsfGt a/fn / ljsn >]i7 tyf uf]/vf lhNnf sld6Lsf cWoIf /fdz/0f a:g]t, u08sL c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf lvd yfkf nufotn] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . d~rsf lgjt{dfg cWoIf sdn bfgLsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng lgjt{dfg ;lrj ljzfn yfkfn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . aGb;qsf] ;~rfng s]zj nf]xgLn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

dsjfgk'/df w'|j

g]skf -Pdfn]_ dsjfgk'/–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rsf] gjf}“ ;Dd]ngn] w'|jk|;fb rf}nfufO+{nfO{ cWoIfdf lgjf{lrt u/]sf] 5 . zlgaf/ ;DkGg gjf}“ ;Dd]ngn] rf}nfufO{+sf] g]t[Tjdf @# ;b:oLo ;Dks{ d~r ;j{;Ddt rog u/]sf] xf] . d~rsf] pkfWoIfdf nId0f ltjf/L, ;lrj hut lyª, ;x;lrj >lds nfdf / sf]iffWoIfdf gljgf l;tfj' nfdf rog x'g'ePsf] 5 . o;}u/L, ;b:ox¿df ;Ltf/fd pkfWofo, cRo't kf}8]n, zflns/fd ;'j]bL, wgaxfb'/ 3nfg, ef/tL kf7s, zflns/fd atf}{nf, ljb'/ pk]|tL, xl/s'df/ s];L, nIdL 7s'/L, ;Gtf]if b]jsf]6f, afns[i0f l3ld/] / k"hf sfsL{ nufot /xg'ePsf] 5 . g]skf -Pdfn]_sf s]Gb|Lo sld6L ;b:o efg'eQm 9sfnn] ;Dd]ngsf] pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

sfo{qmddf ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Lsf ;b:o ab|Lk|;fb e§/fO{, sld6Lsf ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf ;efklt ;fw'/fd sfsL{, gf/fo0fL c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf ;lrj wgaxfb'/ >]i7n] z'esfdgf dGtJo lbg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf sf]iffWoIf czf]s 7s'/L, ;b:o ;Ltf/fd bfxfn, eb|axfb'/ uf]n], b]j/fh s];L, /fdrGb| an, c~rn ;Nnfxsf/ k'isn 9sfn nufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] . d~rsf lgjt{dfg cWoIf gj/fh j:tLsf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;lrj ;Gt/fd la8f/Ln] ug'{ePsf] lyof] eg] :jfut cfof]hs sld6Lsf ;x;+of]hs 5f]O;fª nfdfn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;dfkgdf c~rn cWoIf gj/fh ltldlN;gfn] gjlgjf{lrt g]t[TjnfO{ awfO{ 1fkg ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

/f}tx6df uf]kfn

g]skf -Pdfn]_ /f}tx6–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rsf] gjf}“ ;Dd]ngn] uf]kfn >]i7sf] cWoIftfdf @& ;b:oLo gof“ g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] 5 . ;Dd]ngsf] zlgaf/ k|wfgdGqL Pjd\ kf6L{sf jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;Dd]ngn] pkfWoIfdf lszf]/L ;fx, ;lrjdf dLg uf}td, pk;lrjdf OlGb/f sf]O/fnf, sf]iffWoIfdf piff ofbjnfO{ lgjf{lrt u/]sf] 5 . To:t}, ;b:ox¿df j]bgfy sf]O/fnf, dfwj /]UdL, cfnd vfg, /fdfgGb rf}w/L, hfu[lt ljs, lgd{nf d}gfnL, nIdL pk|]tL, rLgs'df/L l;jfsf]6L, ;ljtf ld>, ls/0f u'Ktf, xl/k|;fb kf}8]n, pHHjn rfkfufO{+, gjLg vltj8f, afns'df/ 7fs'/, ;'dg ltdlN;gf, c?0f lu/L, ljdn u'Ktf, s]zj a:g]t, ;lrt s'O{+s]n lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 . af“sL tLg ;b:o kl5 dgf]gog ug]{ d~rn] hgfPsf] 5 .

;Dd]ngsf] pb\3f6g ;qnfO{ Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:oåo 8f= j+zLw/ ld> / sNof0fL v8\sfn] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . To:t}, Pdfn] /f}tx6sf cWoIf /fds'df/ e§/fO{, ;lrj t'n;L lu/L ;ef;b\åo cAb'nsnfd cfhfb / ;/nf ofbj tyf gf/fo0fL c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf gj/fh ltldlN;gf nufotn] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . d~rsf lgjt{dfg cWoIf z+s/ ljZjsdf{sf] cWoIftfdf sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . aGb;qsf] ;~rfng cWoIf d08nsf cWoIf /fdxl/ l;njfn tyf ;b:ox¿ uf]ljGb pk]|tL, bLks u'Ktf, b'uf{ ljZjsdf{, xl/k|;fb kf}8]nn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

;'g;/Ldf 8Da/

g]skf -Pdfn]_ ;'g;/L–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rsf] b;f}“ ;Dd]ngn] 8Da/k|;fb /]UdLsf] cWoIftfdf @# ;b:oLo sld6L lgjf{lrt u/]sf] 5 . cfOtaf/ g]kfn sd;{ SofDk;df ;DkGg clwj]zgn] pkfWoIf nf]s]z lg/f}nf, ;lrj o'j/fh /fO{, ;x;lrj ¿ks ;fksf]6f / sf]iffWoIf ljBf sf]O/fnfnfO{ lgjf{lrt u/]sf] 5 . To:t}, ;b:ox¿df /lj vgfn, /fhg lu/L, k]zn af:tf]nf nufot lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ .

:yfoL sld6L ;b:o e/tdf]xg clwsf/Lsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf Pdfn] ;+;bLo bnsf k|d'v ;r]ts eLd cfrfo{, s]Gb|Lo cy{ tyf jfl0fHo ljefu ;b:o ;'/]Gb| e§/fO{, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:o g/]Gb| >]i7, w/fg gu/kflnsfsf k"j{ k|d'v Pjd\ ;ª\3Lo dfldnf ljefu ;b:o Wofgaxfb'/ /fO{, sf];L c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf vDa vqLnufotn] gof“ g]t[Tjsf] ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf lbg'ePsf] lyof] . gjlgjf{lrt sld6Lsf ;b:ox¿nfO{ /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ >]i7n] zkyu|x0f u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] .

wflbªdf s]zj

g]skf -Pdfn]_ wflbª–sf7df8f}+ ;Dks{ d~rsf] zlgaf/ ;DkGg cf7f}+ ;Dd]ngn] s]zj ljz'/fnsf] cWoIftfdf @& ;b:oLo lhNnf ;Dks{ d~rsf] rog u/]sf] 5 .

d~rsf] pkfWoIfdf /fh]Gb| yfkf, ;lrjdf pQd kf7s, pk;lrjdf o'=s]= yklnof / sf]iffWoIfdf ljsf; l;njfn lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 . To:t} ;b:ox¿df s[i0f cfn], ljZj ;'j]bL, ;l~hj kf08], >Ls[i0f cof{n, u0f]z l/hfn, nIdL ?kfv]tL, /fdz/0f ltldlN;gf, sdn yfkf du/, uLtf yfkf, lji0f' ;fd/L, lbg]z l3ld/], b]j/fh 9sfn, gj/fh a'nf{sf]6L, cK;/f yfkf If]qL, hLjg yfkf du/, lzj ;]9fO{+, uf]kfn >]i7, ;lhgf yfkf du/, eLdaxfb'/ yfkfdu/, /fhf/fd ;]9fO{, dlGb/f >]i7 / cd[t a/fOnL lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 .

cy{dGqL Pj+ Pdfn] kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o ;'/]Gb|k|;fb kf08]sf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg clwj]zgdf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:oåo /fh]Gb|k|;fb kf08], u+ufnfn t'nfw/, s]Gb|Lo n]vf cfof]usf cWoIf 8f= k'ik/fh s“8]n, s]Gb|Lo ;b:o sdnf ;'j]bL, Pdfn] wflbªsf cWoIf u'?k|;fb a'nf{sf]6L / hgcf:yf ;fKtflxssf ;Dkfbs lszf]/ >]i7n] z'esfdgf dGtJo lbg'ePsf] lyof] . gjlgjf{lrt kbflwsf/L tyf ;b:ox?nfO{ afudtL c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf s'df/ vs'/]nn] ;kyu|x0f u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] .


Sofg OGkmf]6]s d]nf ;'?

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfn sDKo'6/ P;f]l;P;g g]kfn -Sofg_ åf/f cfof]lht Sofg OGkmf]6]s d]nf–@)!! sf] k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] lxhf] pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . e[s'6L d08kdf cfof]lht d]nfsf] pb\3f6g ub}{ k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] ljZjdf tLj| ¿kdf ljsf; eO/x]sf] ;"rgf k|ljlwsf] ljsf;nfO{ hlt;Sbf] l56f] cfTd;ft ug'{kg]{ atfpg'eof] .

…lj1fg / k|ljlwsf] ljsf;df b}glbg x'g] vf]h, cGj]if0f tyf cfljisf/n] ;"rgf–k|ljlwsf] If]qdf eO/x]sf] lg/Gt/sf]] qmflGtn] ;do / b"/Ldfly Pskl5 csf]{u/L ljho k|FKt ub}{ uPsf] 5 . o; tYonfO{ cfTd;ft ub}{ ;"rgf–k|ljlwsf] If]qdf eO/x]sf] cfw'lgs ljsf;nfO{ clwstd pkof]u / Jojl:yt ub}{ d'n'snfO{ cufl8 a9fpg'kg]{ cfjZostf 5 . dnfO{ ljZjf; 5, tkfO{+x¿n] cfof]hgf ug'{ePsf] o; d]nfn] o'jf k':tf dfq} xf]Og, ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnL bfh'efO tyf lbbLalxgLx¿ nfeflGjt x'g'sf ;fy} d'n'ssf] cfly{s ljsf;df ;d]t 6]jf k'Ug]5Ú– k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] eGg'eof] .

ljZjsf ljleGg b]zx¿df cfof]lht ljZj ;Dd]ngx¿df ;xeflutf hgfpg], b]zJofkL ¿kdf ;"rgf k|ljlw d]nf / ;]ldgf/ ;~rfng ug]{ h:tf sfd u/]/ Sofgn] g]kfnnfO{ ;"rgf–k|ljlwdfkm{t ljZjdf kl/lrt u/fpg'sf ;fy} d'n'ssf] cfly{s, ;fdflhs, ;f+:s[lts r]tgf clej[l4df;d]t dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf] rrf{ ub}{ k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] Sofgsf] of] k|of;sf] d pRr k|z+;f ug'{eof] . ;fy} g]kfnsf k|To]s lhNnfx¿df o:tf ljleGg sfo{qmdx¿dfkm{t ;"rgf–k|ljlwsf] lj:tf/ / k|of]unfO{ cleofgs} ¿kdf cufl8 a9fpg klg cfu|x ug'{eof] . Sofgn] k|To]s jif{ ;"rgf k|ljlw d]nf cfof]hgf ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . d]nfsf ljleGg :6nx¿df k|blz{t ;"rgf k|ljlw;“u ;DalGwt ;fdu|Lx¿n] sDKo'6/sf] dxŒj, Od]n, OG6/g]6sf] k|of]u, ;"rgf k|ljlwsf kmfObf, k|of]u ug]{ tl/sf ;DaGwdf hfgsf/L u/fp“b} b]zsf b"/b/fh;Dd Jofks hgr]tgf clej[l4 u/fpg] u/]sf] 5 . lxhf]b]lv ;'? ePsf] d]nf ^ lbg;Dd rNg]5 .


sf:sLdf ;ef

sf:sL . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf:sL lgjf{rg If]q gDa/–# sf] If]qLo ;ef cfOtaf/ ;DkGg eof] . ;f] cj;/df tLg gDa/ If]qLo lgjf{rg sfof{nosf] klg pb\3f6g ;DkGg eof] . If]qLo sfof{nosf] pb\3f6g Pdfn] j}slNks kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o Pjd\ u08sL c~rn ;+of]hs vu/fh clwsf/Ln] ug'{eof] . ;f] cj;/df af]Nb} g]tf clwsf/Ln] d'n'ssf] h8sf ¿kdf /x]sf dfcf]jfbL pu|jfdkGyL / sfª\u]|;sf] blIf0fkGyL k|j[lQ g} k|d'v sf/ssf] ¿kdf /x]sf] bfaL ug'{eof] .

;efnfO{ Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o t'naxfb'/ u'?ª, ;ef;b\ /jLGb| clwsf/L, lhNnf cWoIf dfgaxfb'/ lh;L, u08sL c~rn sld6L ;b:o ;Ltf lu/Lnufotn] ;Daf]wg ug'{eof] . If]qLo cWoIf /fhLj kxf/Lsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;lrj wgaxfb'/ g]kfnL / :jfut v8\u xdfnn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

xKt}lkR5] Pdfn]sf ultljlw eO/xg] lhNnfsf] s]Gb| efudf /x]sf] ;f] lgjf{rg If]qdf zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf nflu tLgdlxg] cleofg klg k|f/De ePsf] 5 . lgjf{rg If]qLo sld6Ln] cfkm\gf] If]qdf cg]/f:jljo' / d'lQm ;dfhsf] ;Dd]ng ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . To:t}, df3leq} cGo ;a} hgjuL{o ;+u7gsf] u7g / k'gMu7g ul/;Sg] If]qLo cWoIf /fhLj kxf/Ln] atfpg'eof] .


;lxbsf] :d/0f ub}{ /Qmbfg

sf7df8f}“ . ;lxb lbj;sf] ;Gbe{ kf/L g]skf -Pdfn]_ b'O{ gDa/ lgjf{rg If]qLo sld6L eQmk'/n] ;f]daf/ /Qmbfg sfo{qmd ;DkGg u¥of] . ;lxbx¿sf] kmf]6f]df dfnf nufO{ sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f6g kf6L{ s]Gb|Lo j}slNks ;b:o Pjd\ eQmk'/sf s]Gb|Lo k|ltlglw /fd]Zj/ km'ofnn] ug'{eof] .

;"o{ljgfosdf cfof]lht ;f] sfo{qmddf %@ hgf kf6L{ sfo{stf{n] /Qmbfg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . /Qmbftfx¿nfO{ sfo{qmdsf k|d'v cltly km'ofnn] k|df0fkq ljt/0f ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;f]xL cj;/df lhNnfsf b'O{ ;o @% gof“ ;ª\ul7t ;b:ox¿nfO{ zkyu|x0f / k|lzIf0f lbOPsf] lyof] . k|d'v cltly km'ofnsf ;fy} lhNnf cWoIf /fh]Gb| /fhynf, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf ;b:o lgd{n e§/fO{, lhNnf ;lrj jrg b]phfn] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . If]q gDa/–@ sf cWoIf ch'{g a:g]tsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng Ps gDa/ If]qLo sld6L cWoIf Zofd;'Gb/ lwdfn / :jfut dGtJo w'|j lji6n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


wg'iffsf] e]nf

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ wg'iff–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rsf] lj:tfl/t e]nf ut zlgaf/ afuahf/l:yt czf]sf xf]6ndf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o /fdrGb| emfsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg lj:tfl/t e]nfdf j}slNks s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pjd\ wg'iff If]q gDa/–& sf ;ef;b\ ;q'3g dxtf], d~rsf ;Nnfxsf/ lzjrGb| d08n, hgsk'/ c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf lbjfs/ e§/fO{ nufotn] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

e]nfn] d~rsf] clwj]zg cfufdL df3 @( ut] ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . To:t}, If]q ;Dks{ d~rsf If]qLo ;+of]hs tf]Sg], ;b:otf lj:tf/ ug]{ nufotsf lg0f{o u/]sf] c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v rGb|b]j kf;jfgn] atfpg'eof] . ;o hgfeGbf a9L pkl:yt ;f] e]nfdf k|d'v cltly emfn] kf6L{sf] cfGtl/s / ;d;fdlos /fli6«o /fhgLltaf/] hfgsf/L u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] . d~rsf cWoIf lgdf{0f kf]v/]nsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg e]nfsf] ;~rfng ;lrj ;gt ;'j]bLn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


n'lDagLsf of]hgf

a'6jn . g]skf -Pdfn]_ n'lDagL c~rn ;dGjo sld6Ln] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f, zflGt :yfkgf / ;ª\u7g lgdf{0f sfo{qmdnfO{ k|efjsf/L agfpg ljleGg dxŒjk"0f{ of]hgf cufl8 ;f/]sf] 5 . kf6L{ c~rn ;dGjo sld6L ;lrjfnosf] a}7sn] cufdL r}q dlxgfel/ c~rnsf @^ j6} lgjf{rg If]qx¿df a[xt\ hg;efsf] cfof]hgf ug]{ sfo{qmd to u/]sf] a}7skl5 c~rn ;lrj lvdnfn e§/fO{åf/f hf/L lj1lKtdf hgfOPsf] 5 .

o:t}, kf6L{ k|j]z / ;b:otf ljt/0f of]hgfnfO{ cleofgsf ;fy cl3 a9fpg], kf6L{ k|lzIf0fnfO{ ufp“ sld6L;Dd ;~rfng ug]{ nufotsf dxŒjk"0f{ lg0f{o ul/Psf] lj1lKtdf hgfOPsf] 5 . a}7s s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf c~rn OGrfh{ g]qk|;fb kGyLsf] cWoIftf / c~rn ;lrj lvdnfn e§/fO{sf] ;~rfngdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .


kml/bfjfbdf cfn]sf] ;Demgf

kml/bfjfb . k|jf;L g]kfnL cfGbf]ngsf ;+:yfks g]tf Psb]j cfn]sf] $!cf}“ :d[lt lbj; / ef/tsf] ^@ u0ftGq lbj;–@)!! sf] cj;/df k|jf;L g]kfnL ;ª\3 ef/t, s]Gb|Lo cltl/Qm /rgfTds Pjd\ v]ns'b ljefun] df3 !@–!# ut] clvn ef/t:t/Lo k|lt:kwf{Tds elnan v]n dxf]T;j kml/bfjfbdf eJo ¿kdf ;DkGg u¥of] .

;ª\u7gsf] jflif{s Sofn]G8/ cg';f/ cfof]hgf ul/g] clvn ef/t:t/Lo v]n dxf]T;jdf o; k6s eg] k[ys\ cfsif{0f b]lvGYof] . aLkL sf]O/fnf g]kfn–ef/t kmfpG8];g, lbNnL ;lrjfnosf] ;d]t ;xof]u /x]sf] o; k|lt:kwf{Tds v]n dxf]T;jdf ef/tsf k~hfa, lxdf~rn, r08Lu9, xl/of0ff, /fh:yfg, lbNnL, pQ/k|b]z, cfGw|k|b]z, dxf/fi6«, u'h/ftdf a;f]af; ug]{ k|jf;L g]kfnL ;d'bfo dfemaf6 cfdlGqt !! l6d v]nf8Lx¿ / v]nk|]dL cfd;d'bfosf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] . ;ª\3sf s]Gb|Lo v]ns'b ljefu ;lrj z/0f /fO{sf] pb\3f]if0f / k|d'v vdaxfb'/ yfkfsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg v]n dxf]T;jsf] pb\3f6g ;ª\3sf cWoIf v]drGb| 9sfnn] bLk k|HHjngaf6 ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo ;Nnfxsf/ kl/ifb\ ;b:o /fdnfn sfkm\n] / ;f]xL kf6L{sf ljb]z ljefu ;b:o o'j/fh af:sf]6fn] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;d'b\3f6g ;df/f]xdf k|jf;L g]kfnL ;ª\3 ef/tsf dxf;lrj u'¿k|;fb zdf{, sf]iffWoIf wgk|;fb ltjf/L, s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ;Ltf clwsf/L, clvn g]kfn dlxnf ;ª\3 s]Gb|Lo ;b:o dLgf a'9fdu/, pTkLl8t d'lQm ;dfh g]kfn s]Gb|Lo ;b:o 5ljnfn uf]tfd], cefg]:jljo'sf pkfWoIf ldqk|;fb l3ld/], k|jf;L g]kfnL cfGbf]ngsf cu'jf JolQmTjx¿ 6Lsf/fd kf]v|]n / /fdk|;fb k/fh'nL– lbNnL, vu]Zj/ sfkm\n] / /fdk|;fb e§/fO{– xl/of0ff, ;Ltf a:ofn– k~hfa nufotsf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] . v]nn] zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s ljsf; dfq geO{ ljBdfg kl/l:yltsf s}of}“ ;Gbe{x¿df a9\bf] v]nsf] dxTj bzf{p“b} ljefusf ;b:o PgaL yfkfn] ;xefuL hg;fu/nfO{ rf]l6nf] dGtJoåf/f :jfut ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

v]ndfkm{t cfk;L ljZjf;, k/:k/ ;xof]u, ;+jfb / xflb{stf clej[l4 ug]{, g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ tfls{s lgisif{df k'¥ofpg ;/f]sf/jfnfsf] Wofgfsif{0f ug]{ u/fpg], ;/sf/n] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] ko{6g jif{–@)!! nfO{ yk nfeflGjt / ;kmnLe"t agfpg pT;fxsf] ;~rf/ ub}{ o;tkm{ ldq d'n'sx¿sf] Wofgfsif{0f ug]{ u/fpg], ef/tsf] /fli6«o rf8 u0ftGq lbj;sf] cj;/df lå–b]z g]kfn–ef/taLr :yflkt k|fu}ltxfl;s d"No / cfd:t/df kfOg] ;dfgfyL{ Jofjxfl/s dfGotf;lxtsf] ldqtfnfO{ cem k|uf9 / hg:t/df ;'dw'/ t'Nofpg], /fhtGqfTds ;fdGtL ;Qfsf] cGTokl5 u0ftGq g]kfn lgdf{0fsf] ;femf cleofgdf ef/t nufot cGt/f{li6«o hgdtsf] ;xof]u ;dy{g k|fKt ug]{, b]zaflx/ /x]sf] o'jfk+lQmnfO{ v]n, snf / l;h{gfdfkm{t g} /fi6«lgdf{0fdf clgjfo{ lx:;]bf/L ug]{÷u/fpg] p2]Zosf ;fy cfof]lht o; v]ndf g]kfn–ef/taLrsf] k/:k/ lge{/ hg;DaGwnfO{ layf]Ng vf]Hg] k|j[lQ / tTjk|lt ;hu /xg clkn ul/Psf] lyof] .

lnu k|0ffnLsf] gLlt–ljlw cjnDag ul/Psf] o; k|lt:kwf{Tds v]ndf ;xefuL emG8} bh{g l6dnfO{ pl5g]/ uf]kfn yfkf l6d SofK6g /x]sf] lbNnL …PÚ k|yd / 6]saxfb'/ yfkf l6d SofK6g /x]sf] lbNnL …aLÚ låtLo ePsf lyP . o;df qmdzM …aLÚ l6daf6 s]zj s];L, cg'h s];L, b]jaxfb'/ vqL, x]dGt s];L, rGb| /fO{, ls/0f cfn] / …PÚ l6daf6 s/g s];L, nId0f ;'gf/, ls/g cfn], rf}w/Lnfn, nlnt yfkf / PgjL/ yfkf x'g'x'GYof] .

bf];|f] lbg cfof]lht k'/:sf/ Pjd\ ;Ddfg ljt/0f ;df/f]xdf g]kfnL b"tfjf;, gof“ lbNnLsf] tkm{af6 ;xefuL pRrkb:y JolQmTj pdfsfGt k/fh'nLn] k|jf;L g]kfnL ;ª\3 ef/tn] ljutsf ljleGg a]nf / dxŒjk"0f{ ;Gbe{x¿df ljleGg k|s[ltsf /rgfTds sfo{qmdx¿ cfof]hg ub}{ cfPsf], o;n] g]kfn–ef/taLrsf] hgd}qLnfO{ kl/:s[t / ;d[4 ub}{ nu]sf], k/:k/ cg'ej 1fg ;Lk cflbsf] cfbfg–k|bfg ug{df o:tf sfo{qmdx¿ ;kmn /x“b} cfPsf] / ;DkGg of] v]n dxf]T;j klg ;kmntfsf] csf]{ Pp6f s8L ;fljt x'g;Sg]df ljZjf; hfx]/ ub}{ ef/te/sf] of] pT;fxnfO{ k|jf;L g]kfnL ;ª\3 ef/tn] Pslqt u/]sf] / b]zaflx/ 5l/P/ /x]sf] ax'cfolds k|ltef lrGg, hfGg / ;Ddfg ug{] df}sf kfPsf] eGb} ;du| sfo{qmdsf] ;kmntfsf] k|z+;f ug'{eof] .


d'lQm ;dfhdf /Dt]n

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfn pTkLl8t hftLo d'lQm ;dfh pbok'/sf] cWoIfdf nfnaxfb'/ /Dt]n lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 . ;dfhsf] t];|f] lhNnf ;Dd]ngn] /Dt]nsf] cWoIftfdf #% ;b:oLo sld6L ;j{;Ddt rog u/]sf] xf] .

sld6Lsf] pkfWoIf g}gaxfb'/ g]kfnL, ;lrj k'?if ljs, ;x;lrj p4j df]t] / sf]iffWoIf lbg]z kl/of/ /xg'ePsf] 5 . o;}u/L, ;b:ox¿df o'j/fh ljs, eLdaxfb'/ kl/of/, slj/axfb'/ ljs, sdn kl/of/, /3'jL/ lbofnL, ;Ltf ljZjsdf{, dGh' kl/of/, /]0f'sf bfd, 1fgLdfof ljs, t]h]Gb| ;'gf/, pld{nf ljs, clgtf a/fOnL, rGb|axfb'/ ljs, k"0f{axfb'/ kl/of/, 6]]s]Gb| kl/of/, 9saxfb'/ kl/of/, v8\uaxfb'/ ;fsL{, cf]d d+u|fGtL, xl/ ;bf, cDa/axfb'/ ;fsL{, pld{nf kl/of/, dLgf kl/of/, wg;/L kl/of/, s';fd ljs, ;f]efv/ bhL{, d'gf ljs, dLgf kl/of/, eQmaxfb'/ ljs, e/taxfb'/ sfsL{ / s]zj kl/of/ /xg'ePsf] 5 .

o:t}, ;Dd]ngn] tLg ;b:oLo ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt klg rog u/]sf] 5 . ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] k|d'vdf lu/Lnfn kl/of/ /xg'ePsf] 5 eg] ;b:odf 5ljwg df]t] / b'MvL kf;jfg /xg'ePsf] 5 .

ut df3 % / ^ ut] ;DkGg ;Dd]ngsf] k|d'v cltly g]skf -Pdfn]_sf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o 5ljnfn ljZjsdf{ / ljlzi6 cltly ;fdfGo k|zf;g /fHodGqL Pjd\ ;dfhsf s]Gb|Lo cWoIf lht uf}td x'g'x'GYof] . ;Dd]ngdf Pdfn] ;u/dfyf c~rn sld6Lsf ;lrj dl0f/fh pkfWofo, d'lQm ;dfhsf s]Gb|Lo ;lrj /fdls;'g d08n, s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿ /fd]Zj/ d08n, anaxfb'/ kl/of/, v8\uaxfb'/ kl/of/, lhj5 kf;jfg, /fdljnf; dx/f, b'uf{ kl/of/, g]skf -Pdfn]_ pbok'/ lhNnf sld6Lsf cWoIf j]bk|;fb kf]v/]n, pkfWoIf dGh' rf}w/L, ;lrj O{Zj/dl0f /fpt tyf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s'df/ >]i7 nufotn] z'esfdgf lbg'ePsf] lyof] .


nlntk'/df k|ltlglw rog

nlntk'/ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ nlntk'/n] tLg j6} lgjf{rg If]qaf6 /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:osf] rog u/]sf] 5 . If]q gDa/–! sf] rfkfufp“df ePsf] e]nfn] ;f] If]qaf6 ld7f/fd ahufO{+nfO{ k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:o lgjf{lrt u/]sf] xf] . ! ;o #* hgf k|ltlglw ePsf] ;f] If]qdf ahufO{+n] ;'/]Gb|df]xg zdf{nfO{ k/flht ug'{ePsf] xf] . To:t} If]q gDa/–@ af6 s[i0fnfn dxh{g lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 .

6\ofunl:yt k|eft pRr dfljdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf dxh{gn] bLks cdfTonfO{ k/flht ug'{ePsf] lyof] . of] If]qdf ^( hgf k|ltlglw lyP . To:t}, If]q gDa/–# af6 hLjg v8\sf lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 . nugv]nl:yt ;]G6 kn sn]hdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf v8\sfn] /fds'df/ jfGtjfnfO{ k/flht ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;f] If]qdf ($ hgf k|ltlglw lyP .

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