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d'Vo ;dfrf/
 
;xdtLo ;/sf/sf] ;Defjgf IfL0f

sf7df8f} “  . /fli6«o ;xdltsf] ;/sf/ lgdf{0fsf nflu /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjn] lbPsf] yk kf “ r lbgsf] Dofb cfhaf6 ;ls “ b}5 . k|fKt ePsf] yk ;donfO{ /fli6«o ;xdltsf lbzfdf ;fy{s agfpg ;f]daf/ / dª\unaf/ k|d'v tLg bnsf g]tfx¿sf] bf}8w"k / ;lqmotf tLj| eP klg ;f “ em;Dd ;xdltsf] s'g} ;Defjgf b]vf k/]sf] 5}g . a?, bnsf g]tfx¿aLr ePsf lbgel/sf låkIfLo 5nkmn / tL 5nkmnaf6 lg:s]sf lgisif{n] ca ;xdltsf] ;/sf/sf] ;DefjgfnfO{ IfL0f agfOlbPsf] 5 .

k|wfgdGqL rog k|lqmofsf] 5 dlxg] nfdf] klxnf] z[+vnf cGTo ePkl5 /fi6«kltn] ut zlgaf/;Dd ;xdtLo ;/sf/ lgdf{0fsf nflu ;ft lbgsf] Dofb lbPsf lyP . t/, Tof] cjlwdf bnx¿aLr 3lge"t 5nkmn g} ePg . vf;u/L, ;+ljwfg;efsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] bn PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ n] ;+jfb / 5nkmn k|lqmofdf kxnsbdL / tTk/tf gb]vfPkl5 Tof] cjlw To;} u'h]|sf] lyof] . Dofb ;lsg' cl3Nnf] lbg aNndf k|d'v bnsf zLif{ g]tfsf] a}7s a;]/ ;xdltsf nflu yk ;do dfUg] lg0f{o u/]sf lyP . bnx¿sf] ;f]xL cfu|x cg'¿k /fi6«klt ofbjn] kf “ r lbgsf] ;do lbPsf lyP .

yk ;do ;lsg' b'O{ lbgcl3 cyf{t\ ;f]daf/ k|d'v bnsf zLif{ g]tfx¿aLr 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . Tof] a}7sn] ;xdlt lgdf{0fsf nflu dª\unaf/ låkIfLo 5nkmn ug]{ / a'waf/ laxfg lqkIfLo 5nkmn u/]/ Pp6f lgisif{df k'Ug] lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . ;f]xL lg0f{o adf]lhd lxhf] lbge/ g]tfx¿aLr låkIfLo 5nkmn ePsf lyP . ;'?df g]kfnL sfª\u]|; / g]skf -Pdfn]_sf] ;+;bLo bnsf] sfof{no l;+xb/af/df a}7s a;]sf] lyof] . sl/a b'O{ 3G6f rn]sf] a}7sn] clxn]sf] cj:yfdf dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj lbg' plrt gx'g] lgisif{ lgsfn]sf] lyof] . Tof] a}7sdf d"ntM tLg ljifodf 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . klxnf], clxn]s} cj:yfdf dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj lbg' slt plrt < eGg] ljifo lyof] . ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj bfaL u/] klg ;+ljwfg;efsf] 7"nf] bnsf] x}l;otn] dfcf]jfbL hlt lhDd]jf/ ¿kdf k|:t't x'g'kYof]{ Tof] x'g g;s]sf], dfcf]jfbLk|lt c¿ bnsf lrGtf / cfzª\sfnfO{ p;n] ;Daf]wg ug{ g;s]sf] / n8fs' ;dfof]hgsf] :ki6 vfsf gcfpGh]n dfcf]jfbLnfO{ g]t[Tj lbg' p;s} nflu klg ;xh gx'g] lgisif{df b'j} bnsf g]tf k'u]sf lyP .

a}7sdf ;xefuL Pdfn] dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] eGg'eof]– …n8fs' ;dfof]hgsf] :ki6 vfsf tof/ gePsf] of] cj:yfdf dfcf]jfbLnfO{ g]t[Tj lb “ bf p;}nfO{ cgfjZos bafa cfpg;Sg] ePsfn] Tof] plrt gx'g] lgisif{df k'Uof} “  .Ú To;}n] ;xdltsf nflu c¿ bnsf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/df ;xefuL x'g dfcf]jfbLnfO{ cfu|x ug]{ lg0f{o a}7sn] u/]sf] lyof] . bf];|f], a}7sdf Pdfn]n] sfª\u]|;; “ u olb dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;xefuL u/fPdf cfkm"n] sfª\u]|;sf] g]t[Tj :jLsfg]{ atfPsf] lyof] . o; ljifodf sfª\u]|;sf g]tfx¿n] dfcf]jfbfL; “ u s'/f ug]{ / ;xdlt h'6fpg] clwstd\ k|of; ug]{ atfPsf lyP . t];|f], Pdfn]n] sfª\u]|;; “ u olb dfcf]jfbLn] Pdfn] g]t[Tj :jLsf/ u/]df To;df ;xdt x'g] k|:tfj ul/Psf] lyof] . Pdfn]sf] of] k|:tfjdf sfª\u]|; g]tfx¿n] dfcf]jfbL; “ u 5nkmn u/]/ hjfkm lbg] atfPsf lyP . ;f] a}7sdf Pdfn]sf tkm{af6 cWoIf emngfy vgfn, dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]n, kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:oåo k|bLk 1jfnL, /fdrGb| emf / s]Gb|Lo ;b:o 3gZofd e';fn x'g'x'GYof] eg] sfª\u]|;sf tkm{af6 ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnf, pk;efklt /fdrGb| kf}8]n, g]tfx¿ z]/axfb'/ b]pjf, k|sfzdfg l;+x, s[i0fk|;fb l;6f}nf, ljdn]Gb| lglw, 8f= /fdz/0f dxt x'g'x'GYof] .

Pdfn]; “ usf] a}7s ;lsgf;fy sfª\u]|; / dfcf]jfbLaLrsf] a}7s ;'? ePsf] lyof] . 7d]nl:yt xf]6n j}zfnLdf lbp “ ;f] $M@% ah]b]lv ;f “ em ^ ah];Dd rn]sf] a}7s lagflgisif{ 6'ª\luPsf] lyof] . a}7sdf b'j} bnn] cf–cfkm\gf] g]t[Tjsf] bfaL u/]sf lyP . cfkm" zflGt k|lqmofsf] cfwf lx:;f ePsf] / ;+ljwfg;efsf] 7"nf] bn ePsf] ts{ k|:t't ub}{ dfcf]jfbLsf g]tfn] g]t[Tjsf] bfaL u/]sf lyP . ptf, sfª\u]|;sf g]tfx¿n] eg] sfª\u]|;sf] ;/sf/s} kfnfdf zflGt k|lqmofsf] yfngL ePsfn] o;nfO{ 6'ª\Uofpg] sfd klg sfª\u]|;n] g} ug{;Sg] / ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgkl5 c¿ b'O{ kf6L{n] g]t[Tj ul/;s]sfn] cfkm\gf] kfnf] ePsf] ts{ ub}{ g]t[Tjsf] bfaL u/]sf lyP . b'j} bnsf g]tfn] cfkm\gf] bfaL g5f8]kl5 a}7s lagflgisif{ 6'ª\luPsf] lyof] . Tof] a}7sdf sfª\u]|;af6 Pdfn]; “ usf] jftf{df cfPs} g]tf ;xefuL lyP eg] dfcf]jfbLaf6 cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn, tLg pkfWoIf df]xg j}B, 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{, gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7, dxf;lrj /fdaxfb'/ yfkf afbn nufotsf g]tf ;xefuL lyP . låkIfLo 5nkmns} nflu lxhf] ;f “ em ^ ah] Pdfn] / dfcf]jfbLsf zLif{ g]tfx¿sf] a}7s a:g] sfo{qmd lyof] . Pdfn]sf] ;+;bLo sfof{nodf a}7s a:g] elgPsf] lyof] . a}7ssf nflu tf]lsPs} ;dodf Pdfn] g]tfx¿ a}7s:yn k'Ug'ePsf] lyof], t/ clGtddf dfcf]jfbLn] a:g gEofpg] hfgsf/L u/fPkl5 a}7s g} a:g ;s]g .

;f]daf/s} ;xdlt cg'¿k cfh laxfg tLg bnsf zLif{ g]tfx¿sf] a}7s a:b}5 . cfh a:g] a}7sdf klg ;xdltsf nflu clGtd k|of; x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . t/, lxhf]sf] a}7s ;xdltsf lbzfdf Tolt ;sf/fTds gb]lvPsfn] cfhsf] a}7sn] klg s'g} cb\e"t lg0f{o unf{ eGg] cg'dfg :jod\ jftf{df ;xefuL g]tfx¿sf] ;d]t 5}g . Pdfn] k|rf/ ljefu ;b:o k|bLk 1jfnLn] eGg'eof]– …;xdltsf] k|of; cfh klg hf/L /fVg] elgPsf] 5, t/ ;xdlt h'6\g] ;Defjgf Go"g 5 . cfh klg bnx¿aLr ;xdlt gh'6]df ;+;b\ lgodfjnL cg';f/ ;efd'vn] k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgsf] bf];|f] r/0f ;'? ug]{5g\ . df3 !* ut] klxnf] lgjf{rg ldlt tf]Sg] tof/L eO/x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . ax'dtLo k|lqmofaf6 k|wfgdGqL 5fGg klxnf] r/0fsf !^ j6f lgjf{rg g} c;kmn ePkl5 To;nfO{ ;fy{s agfpg ;+;b\n] lgodfjnL klg ;+zf]wg ul/;s]sf] 5 . ;+zf]lwt lgodfjnL cg';f/ a9Ldf t];|f] k6ssf] lgjf{rgaf6 ax'dtsf] k|wfgdGqL r'lgg] lglZrt 5 . t/, Tof] ax'dtsf] k|wfgdGqL sf] x'G5 / s:tf] ;dLs/0f aG5 eGg] cg'dfg clxNo} g} nufpg] cj:yf eg] 5}g .


ca k|wfgdGqL r'lgg]

sf7df8f} “  . Ps hgf dfq} pDd]bjf/ /x]/ klg 5 dlxgf;Dd g6'ª\luPsf] k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgsf] z[ª\vnf ca 6'ª\lug] ePsf] 5 . Joj:yflksf–;+;b\sf] sfo{;~rfng lgodfjnL g} To;sf nflu afws lyof] . bnLo ;xdltsf cfwf/df lxhf] ;+;bsf] a}7saf6 ax'dtn] lgodfjnL ;+zf]wg u/]sfn] ca ;+;b\af6 k|wfgdGqL r'lgg] lglZrt ePsf] xf] .

ljutdf ;fpgb]lv k';;Dd !^ k6s lgjf{rg eP klg kl/0ffd cfpg ;s]sf] lyPg . t/, casf] lgodfjnL cg';f/ a9Ldf tLg k6s;Dddf klg k|wfgdGqL rog x'g ;s]g eg] Tof] k|lqmof :jtM ;dfKt eO{ gof “ k|lqmof ;'? x'g]5 . kl/jlt{t lgodfjnLdf klxnf] / bf];|f] k6s;Ddsf] lgjf{rgdf s'g} pDd]bjf/n] ax'dt Nofpg ;s]gg\ eg] t];|f] k6s ;a}eGbf a9L Nofpg] b'O{ pDd]bjf/aLr lg0ff{os lgjf{rg x'g] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . ;+zf]wg ul/Psf] lgod adf]lhd k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgsf nflu Ps hgfsf] dfq pDd]bjf/L k/]df ;+;b\df tTsfn sfod /x]sf ;b:oaf6 ax'dt k'¥ofP/ b]vfpg'kg]{ Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . lgodfjnL cg';f/ klxn]h:tf] km/s–km/s pDd]bjf/sf nflu km/s–km/s k|:tfjs / km/s–km/s k|:tfjsf ¿kdf geO{ ;+o'Qm ¿kdf Ps}rf]l6 lgjf{rg x'g]5 . ;efd'vn] ;a} pDd]bjf/nfO{ Ps}rf]l6 lg0f{ofy{ k|:t't ug]{ x'gfn] ca x'g] lgjf{rg klxn]eGbf s]xL 5l/tf] / k|efjsf/L;d]t x'g] ck]Iff ul/Psf] 5 . o;cl3 eg] Ps hgfsf] dfq pDd]bjf/L k/]df ;efd'vn] lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt ePsf] 3f]if0ff ug]{ Joj:yf lyof] . Tolt dfq xf]Og, casf] Joj:yfcg';f/ sf]xL klg t6:y a:g jf ;efd'vsf] cg'dltlagf cg'kl:yt x'g kfpg] 5}gg\ . gof “ Joj:yfdf pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{ lng] clwsf/ k|:tfjsaf6 x6fO{ pDd]bjf/df sfod ul/Psf] 5 . o;cl3 pDd]bjf/sf] c;xdlt /x] klg k|:tfjsn] lkmtf{ lnPkl5 pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{ x'g] Joj:yf /x]sf] lyof] .

o;cl3 !^ k6ssf] lgjf{rgdf klg ax'dt Nofpg g;s]kl5 ut k'; @* df k|wfgdGqLsf PSnf pDd]bjf/ /fdrGb| kf}8]nn] pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{ lnPsf lyP . pgsf] lkmtf{kl5 g]skf -Pdfn]_ / g]kfnL sfª\u]|;n] /fVb} cfPsf] c8fg adf]lhd lgodfjnL ;+zf]wg ug]{ ;xdlt bnx¿aLr ePsf] lyof] . pgsf] pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{kl5 k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgnfO{ kl/0ffdd'vL agfpgsf nflu lgodfjnL ;+zf]wg ul/Psf] xf] . o;cl3 ;+zf]wgaf6 bnx¿aLr ;xdlt gh'6\bf k6sk6s d:of}bf ;ldltsf] a}7s :ylut ePsf] lyof] . Joj:yflksf ;+;b\n] k'; @( ut] % ;b:oLo lgodfjnL ;+zf]wg d:of}bf ;ldlt u7g u/L ;xdlt h'6fpg lhDdf lbPsf] lyof] . d:of}bf ;ldltdf dfcf]jfbL, sfª\u]|; / Pdfn]aLr km/skm/s wf/0ff /x]sfn] ;xdlt h'6\g ;s]sf] lyPg . cGttM lgodfjnL ;+zf]wgdf nfdf] ljjfbkl5 Pdfn]sf] k|:tfjdf ;xdlt h'6]sf] xf] . ;+zf]wgdf dfcf]jfbLn] klxn]s} k|lqmofcg';f/ lgjf{rg ug'{kg]{ c8fg lnPsf] lyof] .


x:tfGt/0fn] gof “ ljjfb

sf7df8f} “  . kf6L{sf] sfo{lbzf / sfo{gLltsf ljifodf cfGtl/s ljjfbdf r'n'{Dd 8'a]sf] PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLleq km]l/ csf]{ gof “ ljjfb l;h{gf ePsf] 5 . n8fs'x¿nfO{ ;]gf ;dfof]hg ljz]if ;ldltdf x:tfGt/0f u/]kl5 dfcf]jfbLleq gof “ ljjfbn] km/flsnf] cfsf/ u|x0f u/]sf] xf] . n8fs' x:tfGt/0fsf ljifodf kf6L{ ;+:yfkg / pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ wf/aLr a9]sf] ljjfbn] b'O{ g]tfaLr Psn] csf{nfO{ :jLsfg}{ g;Sg];Ddsf] l:ylt k'u]sf] ;xh} cg'dfg nufpg ;lsG5 . n8fs' x:tfGt/0fsf] ljifosf] ljjfb olt;Dd crDd / /f]rs 5 ls To;n] :jod\ dfcf]jfbLsf tdfd sfo{stf{nfO{ ;d]t e|ldt agfOlbPsf] 5 . lxhf];Ddsf] ljjfb eg]sf] kf6L{sf] sfo{lbzfaf/] lyof] .

k|r08–j}B kIfw/n] hgljb|f]xdf hfg] gLlt hah{:tL kfl/t u/]kl5 To;sf lj?4df e§/fO{n] …gf]6 ckm l8;]G6Ú klg n]v] . Tolt dfq xf]Og, kf6L{sf] k|lzIf0f sfo{qmddf cfkm\gf] km/s dt k|:t't ug{ glbPkl5 e§/fO{n] sfo{qmd alxisf/ dfq u/]gg\, pgsf kIfw/x¿n] sfo{qmdd} dfOs vf]:g] / xftkftdf pqg];Ddsf rlt{snf b]vfP . hgljb|f]xdf hfg] wf/sf g]tfx¿ clxn] zflGt k|lqmof 6'ª\Uofpg] k|lqmof cGtu{t n8fs' x:tfGt/0f ug]{ tx;Dd cfOk'u]sf 5g\ . t/, hgljb|f]xsf] lj/f]w ub}{ k|fKt zflGt k|lqmof / nf]stGqsf] pkof]u ub}{ ;+ljwfg n]vgdf hfg'kg]{ c8fg /fVg] e§/fO{ csf]{ lsQfdf k'u]/ n8fs' x:tfGt/0fsf] lj/f]wdf plqPsf 5g\ . zflGt k|lqmof / ;+ljwfg n]vgdf nfUg'kg]{ lgisif{;lxtsf] km/s dt n]v]sf e§/fO{n] zflGt k|lqmofs} dx Œ jk"0f{ sfd n8fs' x:tfGt/0fk|lt c;Gt'li6 hgfpg'nfO{ cfZro{sf ¿kdf x]l/Psf] 5 .

kl5Nnf] ;dodf cWoIfsf] z}nLlj?4 lxDdtsf ;fy k|xf/ ub}{ cfPsf e§/fO{n] kf6L{leqsf] /fhgLlts prfO s]xL xb;Dd a9fPsf lyP . dfcf]jfbL ;|f]t eG5– t/ n8fs' x:tfGt/0fk|lt JoQm c;Gt'li6n] pgsf] prfO km]l/ 36fpg] sfd uf/]sf] 5 . …cfkm} “ n] jsfnt u/]sf] sfo{lbzfdflys} k|xf/ xf] of] lj/f]wÚ– ;|f]tn] eGof] . t/, e§/fO{n] eg] o;nfO{ cWoIfn] k|wfgdGqL x'g u/]sf] ;f}bfafhLsf ¿kdf ljZn]if0f ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ .

zª\s} zª\sf

kl5Nnf] /fhgLlts kl/l:ylt;Dd cfOk'Ubf dfcf]jfbLleq zª\sfsf] /fhgLltn] tn};Dd h/f uf8]sf] atfOG5 . Pp6fn] u/]sf sfddf /fd|} eP klg csf]{ kIfn] zª\sf ug]{ cj:yf emf “ lub} uPsf] atfOG5 . t/, hlt k|of; u/] klg Tof] cfk;L zª\sf lgjf/0fdf kf6L{ r'Sb} uPsf] 5 . kfn'ª6f/ a}7skl5 ef/t; “ usf] ;DaGw ;'wfg{ e§/fO{ lbNnL xflgPsf lyP . e§/fO{sf] of] e|d0fnfO{ ;+:yfkg kIfw/n] k|wfgdGqL aGg] s;/tsf ¿kdf k|rf/ u/] . k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgsf] lgisif{ljxLg klxnf] cWofo ;lsPs} ef]lnkN6 e§/fO{ km]l/ ef/t k'u] . o;nfO{ klg ;+:yfkg kIfn] k'/fg} 9ª\un] k|rf/ u¥of] . To;s} abnfdf n8fs' x:tfGt/0fk|lt e§/fO{n] c;Gt'li6 hgfPsf] atfOG5 .

To;f] t n8fs'

x:tfGt/0fcl3sf k|lqmofdf e§/fO{nfO{ pk]Iff u/]sfn] klg pgL c;Gt'i6 ag]sf] atfOG5 . n8fs' x:tfGt/0fcl3 k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfn / dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfnaLr tLga' “ b] ;Demf}tf ePsf] lyof] . Tof] ;Demf}tfcl3 b'O{÷tLg k6s k|wfgdGqL / dfcf]jfbL g]tfaLr 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . tL 5nkmndf cWoIf bfxfnafx]s df]xg j}B, /fdaxfb'/ yfkf, gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7 / jif{dfg k'g dfq ;xefuL lyP . 5nkmndf ;+:yfkg kIfn] cfkm"nfO{ pk]Iff u/]sf] a'emfOdf klg e§/fO{ c;Gt'i6 ag]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 .


/fi6«kltsf] e|d0f cfnf]lrt

sf7df8f} “  . /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjn] bf];|f] k6s ug{ nfUg'ePsf] ef/t e|d0fsf] cfnf]rgf ePsf] 5 . pxf “ n] ug{ nfUg'ePsf] e|d0fn] /fi6«k|d'vsf] cf]xbfnfO{ ux|f} “ gagfpg] hfgsf/ ;|f]tsf] egfO 5 .

cfkm"n] k9]sf] snsQfl:yt d]l8sn sn]hsf] ljz]if bLIffGt / kGhfal:yt ljZjljBfnosf] :yfkgf lbj;df efu lng] d'Vo sfo{qmd;lxt pxf “ laxLaf/ To;tkm{ hfg nfUg'ePsf] 5 . t/, pxf “ n] lbNnLdf ef/tLo pRr g]t[Tj; “ u e]63f6 ug]{ OR5f b]vfPkl5 JolQmut e|d0fnfO{ cf}krfl/s agfOPsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, ef/tsf] lgDtflagf g} x'g nfu]sf] o; e|d0fsf qmddf lbNnLdf pRr g]t[Tj; “ u e]6 ef/tn] rfx]sf] lyPg . t/, 8f= ofbjn] e]6\g] OR5f /fv]sf sf/0f /fi6«klt k|ltef kfl6n, pk/fi6«klt xldb cG;f/L, k|wfgdGqL 8f= dgdf]xg l;+x, ljkIfL g]t[ ;'idf :j/fh, u[xdGqL kL lrbDa/d, ljb]zdGqL P;Pd s[i0ff nufot; “ u e]63f6sf] sfo{qmd /flvPsf] 5 .

ljb]z hfg] dfldnfdf g]kfndf o;} klg g]tfx¿sf] rsf]{ cfnf]rgf x'g] u/]sf] 5 . To;df klg ef/t hf “ bf cem zª\sfsf] b[li6n] x]l/G5 . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …/fi6«klt h:tf] ul/dfdo JolQmTjn] s'g} klg b]zsf] cf}krfl/s lgdGq0fflagf e|d0f ug'{ g} pko'Qm x' “ b}g . To;df klg Ps k6s e|d0f ul/;s]kl5 ;dsIfLn] cfkm\gf] d'n'ssf] e|d0f gu/];Dd km]l/ p;s} b]zdf t hfg] rng g} 5}g . o;df Wofg lbPsf] b]lvPg .Ú

;f]emf /fi6«kltn] o;df Wofg glbPkl5 pgsf] sfof{no / ;Nnfxsf/x¿n] Wofg k'¥ofpg grfx]sf] b]lvPsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf] egfO 5– …/fi6«kltHo"sf] e|d0fnfO{ xNsf agfOPsf] 5 .Ú cem clGtd a]nfdf cfP/ e|d0fnfO{ cf}krfl/s agfOg'n] klg yk ljjfb hGdfPsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf] egfO 5– …ef/tn] cfkm\gf /fi6«klt, pk/fi6«klt / k|wfgdGqL; “ u e]6\g] sfo{qmd /x]sfn] pxf “ x¿sf] dof{bfsf nflu cf}krfl/s agfpg rfx]sf] b]lvG5 .Ú

e|d0fsf qmddf /fi6«kltsf 5f]/f, 5f]/L / a'xf/L;DdnfO{ /fVg'nfO{ klg k//fi6«sf clwsf/Lx¿n] ?rfPsf 5}gg\ . …cf}krfl/s e|d0fdf 5f]/f5f]/L n}hfg'nfO{ plrt dfGg ;ls “ b}gÚ– Ps clwsf/Ln] eg]– …o;df Wofg lbPsf] eP plrt x'GYof] .Ú d'n'sdf ;/sf/ aGg g;ls/x]sf a]nf x'g nfu]sf] pxf “ sf] e|d0f !) lbgsf] x'g]5 .


dw];Lsf d'v gf}lt/

sf7df8f} “  . Joj:yflksf ;+;b\df rf}yf] x}l;ot /x]sf dw];L bnx¿sf] df]rf{ t'lxPkl5 kb / …kfj/Úsf] afu]{lgª sdhf]/ ePsf] 5 . s]xL dlxgfcl3;Dd ;a} bn ;lDdlnt ;femf dw];L df]rf{ ;lqmo lyof] . t/, pk]Gb| ofbj g]t[Tjsf] dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/dn] k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgsf ;Gbe{df df]rf{sf] lg0f{oljk/Lt cnUu} af6f] lx “ 8]kl5 lgliqmo dw];L df]rf{ cem} ;lqmo x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .

kl5Nnf] k6s dw];L bn km'6\g]qmd emg} a9]sf] 5 . pgLx¿n] ;Qf afu]{lgªsf nflu dw]; d'2fsf] s'/f p7fP klg clxn] dw];L bn km/s–km/s lbzflt/ kmls{Psf 5g\ . s]xLcl3 dfq t/fO{–dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{ km'6fP/ dx]Gb| ofbjn] gof “ kf6L{ vf]n]kl5 t df]rf{df ;+nUg u/fpg] bnx¿af/] klg pgLx¿aLr uDeL/ dte]b v8f ePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . o;cl3 df]rf{df dxGy 7fs'/n] g]t[Tj u/]sf] t/fO{–dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{, b'O{j6f kmf]/d / /fh]Gb| dxtf]sf] ;b\efjgf kf6L{ ;+nUg lyP . df]rf{df cfa4 bnx¿ k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgsf ;Gbe{df ;fd"lxs lg0f{osf ;fy cl3 al9/x]sf lyP . t/, pk]Gb| ofbj df]rf{sf] ;fd"lxs lg0f{oljk/Lt k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgdf k|:t't x'g vf]h]kl5 df]rf{ lgliqmo 5 . ut ;fpg % ut]b]lv ;'? k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgsf] z[+vnfdf g} dw];L bnx¿ df]rf{sf] cfwf/df cfwf/kq af]sL ljleGg /fhgLlts bnsf] ;dy{g h'6fpg nfluk/]sf lyP . /, cfwf/kqdf pgLx¿n] /fli6«o Pstf / cv08tfnfO{ k|xf/ ug]{ k|s[ltsf ljifo p7fp “ b} cfPsf lyP .

/fli6«o ;]jfdf dw];Lsf] ;d"xut k|j]z nufotsf d'2f p7fp “ b} cfPsf] dw];L df]rf{n] b]zsf] lrGtfeGbf klg ef/tsf] Ozf/fdf sfd ub}{ cfPsf] cf/f]k nfu]sf] 5 . ljutdf df]rf{ agfpg ef/tn] g} e"ldsf v]n]sf] / kl5Nnf] k6s km'6fpg klg p;n] g} e"ldsf v]n]sf] atfOG5 . pgLx¿ Ps} 7fp “ df x' “ bf k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgdf lg0ff{os e"ldsf v]Ng ;Sg] ;Defjgf lyof] . t/, dw];L bnnfO{ Rofk]/ dfq ef/tn] ;f]r]h:tf] ;dLs/0f agfpg g;Sg] b]lvPkl5 clxn] dw];L bnnfO{ Psh'6 kfg{ klg vf;} rf;f] glbPsf] atfOG5 .

clxn] dw];L bnsf] hDdf *( l;6 5 . kl5Nnf] k6s tdnf]kf km'6]/ tdnf]kf, g]kfn ag]kl5 gf} bn ePsf 5g\ . t/, oL gf} bnsf d'v gf}lt/ kms]{sf] cj:yf 5 . clxn] dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/dsf] @#, nf]stflGqs ;d"xsf] @*, t/fO{ dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{sf] !!, tdnf]kf g]kfnsf] gf}, /fh]Gb| dxtf] g]t[Tjsf] ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf] gf}, g]kfn ;b\efjgf kf6L{ cfgGbLb]jL u'Ktf ;d"xsf] b'O{, ;l/tf lu/Lsf] Ps, g]kfnL hgtf bnsf] b'O{, blnt hghflt kf6L{sf] Ps l;6 / :jtGq ;ef;b\ aag l;+x / ;b'|n ldof xssf] Ps÷Ps l;6 u/L hDdf *( l;6 dw];Lsf] efudf 5 . ldn]/ cl3 a9\bf pgLx¿sf] lg0ff{os e"ldsf x'g] eP klg ;Qf / kfj/sf nflu htf klg nfUg ;Sg] cl:y/ rl/q pgLx¿df kfOG5 .

tdnf]kf km'6]kl5 t nf]stflGqssf ljho uR5bf/ / tdnf]kf cWoIf dxGy 7fs'/aLr emg\ ljjfb a9]sf] 5 . uR5bf/ dx]Gb| ofbj g]t[Tjsf] tdnf]kf g]kfnnfO{ df]rf{df ;+nUg u/fO{ df]rf{ Ao' “ tfpg rfxG5g\ eg] 7fs'/ ofbjnfO{ s'g} xfntdf df]rf{df Nofpg gx'g] kIfdf 5g\ . a? 7fs'/ hgclwsf/ kmf]/dsf ofbjnfO{ df]rf{df NofP/ ;Ddfghgs :yfg lbg rfxG5g\ . df]rf{df dw];L bnx¿aLr s'/f gldNbf hgclwsf/ kmf]/d g} emG8} ofbj / h]kL u'Ktfsf] cnucnu u/L b'O{ lr/fdf ljeQm x'g cf “ 6]sf] lyof] . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ x]g]{ b[li6sf]0fdf ;d]t ofbj / u'KtfaLr dte]b 5 . dw];sf gf} bndWo] hgclwsf/ kmf]/dsf pk]Gb| ofbj, ;b\efjgfsL ;l/tf lu/L / hgtf bnafx]s cGo bn eg] dfcf]jfbLk|lt ;z+lst 5g\ . dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/dsf cWoIf ofbj nufotsf s]xL dw];L g]tf k|wfgdGqL r'gfjcl3 g} lbNnL hfg] tof/Ldf /x]sf] yfxf ePsf] 5 .


lul/hfsf] gfddf u'Ktfsf] unkmQL

sf7df8f} “  . dfcf]jfbL n8fs' ;dfof]hgsf] …df]8fln6LÚ s:tf] agfpg] eGg] ljifodf 5nkmn ug{ a;]sf] ljz]if ;ldltsf] a}7sdf ;ldltsf ;b:o Pjd\ dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/dsf ;xcWoIf hok|sfz u'Ktfn] g]kfnL sfª\u]|;sf tTsfnLg ;efklt :juL{o lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf gfddf unkmQL u/]sf 5g\ . ;f]daf/ a;]sf] ljz]if ;ldltsf] a}7sdf ljz]if ;ldltdftxt cfPsf dfcf]jfbL n8fs'sf] ;dfof]hg / Joj:yfkg s;/L ug]{ eGg] …df]8fln6LÚsf] Ph]G8f lyof] . t/, u'Ktfn] a}7sdf ;–;fgf s'/f sf]§ØfP/ ljifofGt/ u/fPsf lyP . zlQmvf]/df cfof]lht ljz]if ;df/f]xdf sf]O/fnfsf] gfd pNn]v gu/]sf] eGb} u'Ktfn] unkmQL u/]sf lyP . sf]O/fnfn] g} g]t[Tj u/]sf] kf6L{ g]kfnL sfª\u]|;k|lt cg]s nfG5gf nufP/ kmf]/ddf nfu]sf u'Ktfn] sf]O/fnfs} gfddf unkmQL u/]sf] b]Vbf c¿ t c¿ sfª\u]|;af6} ljz]if ;ldltdf /x]sf 8f= /fdz/0f dxt / 8f= ldg]Gb| l/hfn;d]t rlst k/]sf lyP . zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ cfhsf] 7fp “ ;Dd NofOk'¥ofpg sf]O/fnfn] lgjf{x u/]sf] e"ldsfnfO{ s;}n] gh/cGbfh u/]sf 5}gg\, t/ gfd 5'6]sf] ;fdfGo q'l6 cf} “ NofP/ a}7sd} u'Ktfn] b]vfPsf] Jojxf/n] pgsf yk c;Gt'li6nfO{ phfu/ u/]sf] 5 .

sf]O/fnfs} sf/0f u'Ktfn] cfhsf] of] /fhgLlts prfO agfPsf x'g\ . ljutdf sf]O/fnfsf] cToGt lgs6 /x]sf u'Ktf )$* ;fndf pgsf k|]; ;Nnfxsf/ lyP . ToxL ;DaGw ehfP/} sfª\u]|; ;/sf/df k6sk6s pgL dGqL klg eP . t/, kl5 kf6L{leq sf]O/fnfsf] x's'dL z}nLsf] lj/f]w ub}{ kf6L{ Tofu u/]sf u'Ktfn] lsg ltg} sf]O/fnfsf] gfddf o:tf] nkm8f u/] eGg] s'/fsf] uf]Ko sf/0f eg] cs}{ 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, u'Ktfn] ljz]if ;df/f]xdf hfg' cl3b]lv g} s'g} g s'g} ljifo lems]/ lgx' “ vf]Hg ;'? u/]sf lyP . ;df/f]xdf hfg] ljlzi6 JolQmx¿sf nflu ;]gfsf tLg j6f x]lnsf]K6/sf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] lyof] . !! l;6 Ifdtfsf] ;'k/ k'df x]lnsf]K6/ /fi6«klt jf k|wfgdGqLsf nflu k|of]u ul/g] rng 5, h'g klxn] /fhfsf nflu k|of]u ul/GYof] . @% l;6 Ifdtfsf] PdcfO{– !& df !@ j6f l;6 cufl8 x'G5g\ eg] k5fl8 b'O{ j6f a]Grdf af “ sL a:g'kg]{ x'G5 .

zlgjf/ u'Ktfsf nflu PdcfO{–!& s} bf];|f] x]lnsf]K6/df hfg] Joj:yf ldnfOPsf] lyof] . o;df ljz]if ;ldltsf ;a} ;b:ox¿ lyP . To;afx]s k|bLk 1jfnL, 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{, gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7, df]xg j}Bnufotsf g]tf klg ToxL x]lnsf]K6/df lyP . ;]gfsf] !! gDa/ aflxgLdf p8\gsf nflu b'a} x]lnsf]K6/ t}gfy lyP . PdcfO{–!& s} klxnf] x]lnsf]K6/df eg] ;"o{axfb'/ yfkf, /fdaxfb'/ yfkf, ;LkL uh'/]n, jfdb]j uf}tdnufotsf g]tfx¿ hf “ b} lyP . u'Ktf x]lnsf]K6/ r9\g hf “ bf c? g]tf cf–cfkm\gf] l;6df al;;s]sf lyP . cufl8 k'u]sf g]tf cufl8s} l;6df a:g] g} eP . k5fl8sf] a]~r h:tf] l;6 dfq vfnL lyof] . cfkm\gf nflu a]Grsf] l;6 vfnL b]v]kl5 …d hf “ b} hfGg, x]lnsf]K6/ /f]Sg';\Ú eGb} pgL hª\lug yfn] . rfnsn] ;'? ul/;s]sf] x]]lnsf]K6/ /f]s]kl5 pgL cf]ln{P/ ;/f;/ k|wfgdGqL g]kfn a;]sf] ljlzi6 sIfdf k'u]/ hª\lug yfn] . …$) ldg]6sf] p8fg xf], c¿ g]tf klg Tof] l;6df a:g'ePsf] 5, s] ef] t <Ú eGb} u'KtfnfO{ kmsfpg w]/} g]tfn] k|of; u/] . t/, pgn] dfGb} dfg]gg\ . cGttM k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] cfkm\gf cª\u/Ifs 8LP;kL s[i0f dxtnfO{ u'Ktfsf] l;6df k7fP/ u'KtfnfO{ cfkm} “ r9]sf] hxfhdf lnP/ hfg'k/]sf] lyof] .

;'?b]lv g} o:tf dl;gf s'/fdf slrª\un b]vfPsf u'Ktfsf] d'Vo rfxgf zlQmvf]/df ;Daf]wg ug]{ /x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . t/, Toxf “ ;Daf]wg ug{ gkfPkl5 pgL c;Gt'i6 ePsf lyP . …zlQmvf]/ sfo{qmddf bnsf zLif{ g]tfn] ;Daf]wg u5{g\ eGg] u'KtfnfO{ nfu]sf] /x]5Ú ;|f]tn] eGof]– cWoIf pk]Gb| ofbj o:tf s'/fdf clns ;':t /x]sf], cfkm" ;xcWoIf / ;ldlt ;b:o klg ePsfn] cfkm} “ n] ;Daf]wg ug]{ rfxgf /x]5, t/ ;Daf]wg ug{ sfo{qmd gePkl5 pgL cGttM sf]O/fnfsf gfddf unkmQL b]vfpg p2t ag]sf x'g\ .Ú n8fs' x:tfGt/0f ;df/f]x /fhgLlts sfo{qmdeGbf k[ys\ /x]sfn] cfof]hsn] zLif{ g]tfsf] ;Daf]wg sfo{qmd /fv]sf lyPgg\ . ;/sf/ / dfcf]jfbLaLrsf] ;xdlt cg'¿k ePsf] sfo{qmd x'gfn] k|wfgdGqL g]kfn / dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnsf] dfq ;Daf]wg sfo{qmd lyof] . c¿ zLif{ g]tfsf] ;d]t ;Daf]wg gePsf] sfo{qmddf cfkm"n] ;Daf]wg ug{ kfOg “ eg]/ u'Ktfn] b]vfPsf] Jojxf/ vfnL sfddf tuf/f] xfNg dfq s]lGb|t /x]sf] atfOG5 .


kf}8]nsf ;f/yL l;6f}nf †

sf7df8f} “  . cfufdL ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj s'g bnn] u5{ eGg] cem} 6'ª\uf] 5}g . …:jfefljs ¿kdf xfdLn] kfpg'k5{Ú eGg] blnn k|:t't ub}{ cfPsf] g]kfnL sfª\u]|;df clxn] k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/ s;nfO{ agfpg] eGg] /8fsf]n] 5f]Psf] 5 . …xfl/G5Ú eGg] yfxf x' “ bfx' “ b} klg ;f]x|f} “ k6s;Dd k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rgdf PSn} efu lnPsf ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf /fdrGb| kf}8]n clxn] cK7\of/f]df k/]sf 5g\ . ^$ ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo sfo{;ldltdf clxn] kf}8]nnfO{ …s7}Ú eGg] Ps dfq s]Gb|Lo ;b:o s[i0fk|;fb l;6f}nf 5g\ .

abln “ bf] /fhgLlts kl/b[Zo; “ u} sfª\u]|;df ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ug]{ cj;/ cfp “ bf kf}8]nsf] ljsNk v'nf /fVg'k5{ eGg] cfjfh hah{:t ¿kdf cufl8 cfPsf] 5 . df}sfdf rf}sf dfg{ olta]nf z]/axfb'/ b]pjf sf]7] e]nf / /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfx¿; “ u tLj| e]63f6df h'6]sf 5g\ . lxhf] kf}8]nnfO{ af]s]/ lx “ 8\g]x¿ klg …;f]x|f} “ k6s;Dd k/flht g]tfnfO{ ca pDd]bjf/ agfpg' x'GgÚ eGg] dgl:yltdf k'u]sf 5g\ . t/, l;6f}nf eg] kf}8]nsf] k|rf/ ub}{ k"jL{ g]kfnsf s]xL lhNnf k'u]/ kmls{Psf 5g\ .

;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] dxfdGqLdf k|:tfj u/]kl5 s]Gb|Lo sfo{;ldltdf lgs} ljjflbt aGg k'u]sf l;6f}nf kf}8]nsf Ps dfq e/kbf{ …;f/yLÚ ag]sf 5g\ . pgn] s]xL lbgcufl8 cf]vn9'ª\uf, emfkf nufotsf lhNnfdf k'u]/ …cfufdL ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj /fdrGb| kf}8]nn] g} ug'{k5{Ú eGb} kf6L{ sfo{stf{nfO{ eg]sf lyP . t/ tL lar/f sfo{stf{sf] s] e"ldsf x'GYof] / kf}8]nnfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfpg † kf6L{leq}sf o'jf g]tfx¿n] …h;sf] gfddf ;xdlt h'6\5, p;}nfO{ ca v8f ug'{k5{Ú eg]/ ;efklt;dIf e]63f6 u/]kl5 kf}8]n yk lg/fz ePsf 5g\ . pgn] s]xL kf6L{sf g]tfx¿nfO{ kmf]g u/]/} …d ca k|wfgdGqLsf] bf}8df 5}gÚ eGb} cfkm\gf] b'Mv];f] kf]Vg] u/]sf 5g\ . t/, l;6f}nf eg] …;+;bLo bnsf g]tf kf}8]n g} xfd|f] pDd]bjf/ x'g'x'G5Ú eGb} dfxf]n l;h{gf ug{ Jo:t b]lvPsf 5g\ .

ljutdf lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf k|wfgdGqL x' “ bf pgn] lgs} lxdlrdk"0f{ ;DaGw :yflkt u/]sf lyP . kf}8]nnfO{ k|wfgdGVqL agfpg'k5{Ú eGg] PSnf] cleofgnfO{ tLj| kfg'{sf] sf/0f ;efklt sf]O/fnf / kf}8]nnfO{ cfkm\g]f kIfdf kfg'{ / cfkm" dxfdGqL aGg' g} /x]sf] a'lemG5 . /dfOnf] t s] 5 eg] kf}8]nn] cfkm"nfO{ k|wfgdGqLdf ;dy{g u/fpg cGo kf6L{sf s]xL g]tfsf 3/df ckl/lrt ufp “ sf sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ k7fpg] u/]sf 5g\ . ;fwf/0f k|:t'ltdf lhNnfaf6 cfPsf h:tf b]lvg] a"9fkfsf sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ c¿ kf6L{sf g]tfsf 3/df …kf}8]nhLnfO{ ;dy{g ul/lbg'k¥of], tkfO{+n] eg]sf] kf6L{df nfU5 /] † Ú eg]/ eGg nufPsf 5g\ .


dfcf]jfbLåf/f km]l/ cfqmd0f

sf7df8f} “  . s]Gb|df zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf nflu ;xdltsf] /fhgLlts ofqf; “ u} cl3 a9fpg'kg]{ eGb} lbg/ft 5nkmn rln/x “ bf dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{x¿ lhNnflhNnfdf eg] ;xdlt ef “ 8\g p2t 5g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgsf a]nf Pdfn] g]tf czf]s /fO{dfly s6'lk6 ul/Psf] pbok'/df g]skf -Pdfn]_sf lhNnf:t/sf g]tfnfO{ ckx/0f u/L d/0ff;Gg x'g]u/L s'6]/ dfcf]jfbLn] u'08fubL{ rl/q km]l/ bf]xf]¥ofPsf 5g\ . ;f]daf/ ufp “ kl/ifb\ ;~rfngdf ljjfb ePkl5 dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{n] Pdfn] lhNnf sld6L ;b:o l8saxfb'/ /fptnfO{ cfqmd0f u/]sf lyP . /fpt af/f ufp “ ljsf; ;ldltsf ;j{bnLo ;+oGqdf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf tkm{af6 k|ltlglwTj ug'{x'GYof] . ;f]daf/ lbp “ ;f] dfcf]jfbLsf ufp “ OGrfh{ hLjg lg/f}nf, eljGb| /fO{, wgaxfb'/ kl/of/, 6ª\saxfb'/ du/, emgs ljs, s6s ljs, g]qaxfb'/ ljs, eQmaxfb'/ du/, s0f{s'df/ /fO{ / xf]daxfb'/ /fO{ nufot ldnL lhNnf sld6L ;b:o /fptnfO{ ;f “ em %M#) ah]

af6f] 9's]/ ckx/0f u/]sf lyP . :yfgLo hgtfn] Jofks tnf;L u/]kl5 ;f “ em * ah] dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{x¿ /fptnfO{ hª\und} 5f]8]/ efu]sf lyP . lbp “ ;f] x'g nfu]sf] kl/ifb\ a}7sdf dfcf]jfbLn] l5d]sL uflj;sf dfG5] NofP/ kmhL{ k|ltlglwTj u/fpg vf]h]sf lyP . dfcf]jfbLn] ut jif{sf] ah]6df u/]sf] clgoldttfsf] lx;falstfa ePsf] lyPg . /fptn] kmhL{ k|ltlglw / lx;fa–lstfasf] ljifodf v/f]; “ un] s'/f /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . ToxL l/;OjL ;f “ Wg, pxf “ nfO{ ckx/0f u/L dfg]{ wDsL;d]t lbPsf] Pdfn] pbok'/sf cWoIf a]bk|;fb kf]v/]nn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ptf, 36gfsf] ;TotYo 5fglag / bf]ifLdfly sf/afxL ub}{ ck/fwLnfO{ sfg'gsf] bfo/fdf NofP/ Pdfn]n] lxhf] dfq d'2f bfo/ u/]sf] 5 . d'2f btf{ gug{ / 36gfnfO{ ;fdfGoLs/0f ug{ dfcf]jfbLsf s]Gb|Lo g]tf / ;ef;b\x¿n] k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L / lhNnf k|x/L k|d'vnfO{ rsf]{ bafa lbPsf lyP . dfcf]jfbLn] eg] 36gfnfO{ ;fdfGoLs/0f gu/] km]l/ To:tf y'k|} 36gf ug]{ wDsL lbPsf] atfOPsf] 5 .


o:tfnfO{ s;sf] ;+/If0f <

sf7df8f} “  . e|i6 sfo{z}nLsf sf/0f ljjfbdf d'l5Psf hgjuL{o ;ª\u7gsf g]tfåo zflns/fd hd/s§]n / rGb|axfb'/ yfkfnfO{ lhDd]jf/Laf6 x6fpg] k|:tfjnfO{ PsLs[t dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] c:jLsf/ u/]sf 5g\ . kf6L{leq Jofks cfly{s ckrng u/]sf] / hgjuL{o ;ª\u7gsf] abgfd u/]sf] 7x/ ub}{ kf6L{ pkfWoIf df]xg j}B u'6n] xfnsf] lhDd]jf/Laf6 d'Qm ug{ bfxfnnfO{ bafa lbPsf lyP . b'j}n] hg;ª\u7gnfO{ …b'x'gf] ufO{Ú agfPsf] eGb} sfo{If]qd} k7fpg] cWoIf bfxfn;dIf j}B kIfLo g]tfx¿n] bafa lbPsf lyP . t/, cWoIf bfxfns} …cfly{s ;|f]tsf d]?b08Ú /x]sfn] pgLx¿nfO{ x6fpg gdfg]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

dfcf]jfbL ljz]if ;|f]tsf cg';f/, g]jfM /fHo;ldlt OGrfh{ lxtdfg zfSon] pgLx¿nfO{ sf/afxL x'g'kg]{ eGb} lgj]bg lbPsf lyP . zfSo pkfWoIf j}B kIfw/ g]tf x'g\ . kf6L{sf] eGbf hgjuL{o ;ª\u7gx¿n] w]/} k};f p7fPkl5 pgL qmf]lwt ePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . hd/s§]n clvn g]kfn 6]«8 o'lgog dxf;ª\3sf cWoIf x'g\ eg] yfkf jfO{;LPn pkTosf OGrfh{ x'g\ . hd/s§]n /fhwfgLdf kf “ rtf/] xf]6]n / Sofl;gf]x¿df t:s/L sfo{df ;+nUg 5g\ eg] yfkf /QmrGbgsf t:s/x¿; “ u ldn]/ sdfp cleofgdf nfu]sf] lgj]bgdf pNn]v lyof] . …t/ cWoIfs} b'x'gf] ufO{ pgLx¿ ePkl5 sf/afxL ePgÚ– pRr ;|f]tn] eGof] . hd/s§]n dlxgfsf] clGtdlt/ …x]8Sjf6{/nfO{ vr{Ú eGb} sfnf] emf]nfdf gof “ ahf/ bfxfnlgjf; k'Ug] u/]sf] ;|f]tn] bfaL u¥of] .


n8fs'n] k|lzIf0fdf efu lng gkfpg]

sf7df8f} “  . …dfcf]jfbL ljrf/wf/fÚ :jLsf/ ub}{ / PsLs[t dfcf]jfbL kf6L{nfO{ …cleefjsÚ 7fGb} cfPsf n8fs'x¿n] ca pk|fGt /fhgLlts ultljlwdf ;xefuL x'g gkfpg] ePsf 5g\ . ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3Lo lgsfo cgldgsf] cg'udgdf /x “ bf /fhgLlts k|lzIf0fdf ;xefuL ag]sf n8fs'x¿ ;/sf/sf] ljz]if ;ldltdftxt cfPkl5 To;f] ug{ gkfpg] ePsf x'g\ . ;dfof]hgsf] klxnf] k|lqmofsf ¿kdf ljz]if ;ldltdftxt ut zlgaf/b]lv n8fs'x¿ ;/sf/sf] /]vb]v / lgoGq0fdf cfPsf 5g\ . ;ft d'Vo / PSsfO{; ;xfos lzlj/df /x]sf !( xhf/ ^ ;o b'O{ n8fs'n] ;]gf ;dfof]hg ljz]if ;ldltn] to u/]sf] cfrf/;+lxtfdf /xg'kg]{ ;ldlt ;b:o 8f= /fdz/0f dxtn] atfpg'eof] . …ca n8fs'n] lj:t[t cfrf/;+lxtfdf plNnlvt lgodnfO{ kfngf ug'{k5{Ú– dxtn] eGg'eof]– …clxn]sf] cj:yfdf s]xLn] klg To:tf ultljlwdf ;xefuL x'g kfpGgg\ .Ú pxf “ n] ;]gfdf ;dfof]hg x'g]x¿n] kf6L{ ;b:o aGg gkfpg] eGb} ;dfhdf k'gM:yflkt x'g]x¿n] eg] /fhgLlts ultljlw ug{ kfpg] atfpg'eof] .

clxn] dfcf]jfbLsf] kf]ln6Ao'/f], s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt, /fHo x' “ b} lhNnf ;ldlt;Dd emG8} ! xhf/ @ ;osf] xf/fxf/Lsf n8fs'x¿ ;ª\ul7t 5g\ . n8fs' k|d'v gGblszf]/ k'g / 8]k'6L sdfG8/ rGb|k|sfz vgfn kf6L{sf] kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o x'g\ . To:t}, gjnk/f;L em\ofN6'ª 8f “ 8fl:yt rf}yf] l8lehg sdfG8/ t]haxfb'/ cf]nL, lrtjg zlQmvf]/l:yt t];|f] l8lehgsf sdfG8/ wgaxfb'/ df:sL, /f]Nkf bxjgl:yt kf “ rf} “ l8lehg sdfG8/ sfnLaxfb'/ vfd / s}nfnL d';'l/of tfnaGbl:yt ;ftf} “ l8lehg sdfG8/ ;Gt's'df/ b/fO{ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf 5g\ . dfcf]jfbLn] cg'zf;gxLg sfd u/]sf] 7x/ ub}{ kf “ rf} “ l8lehg sdfG8/ vfdnfO{ eg] kf6L{sf] lhDd]jf/Laf6 lgnDag u/]sf] 5 . Onfd r'nfr'nLl:yt klxnf] l8lehgsf sdfG8/ odaxfb'/ clwsf/L / ;'v]{t bz/yk'/l:yt 5}6f} “ l8lehg sdfG8/ dx]Gb|axfb'/ zfxL eg] /fHo ;ldlt ;b:o x'g\ .

…ca k"0f{¿kdf pgLx¿ kf6L{; “ usf] ;DaGwaf6 6f9f x'g'kg]{5Ú– dxtn] eGg'eof] . t/, dfcf]jfbLsf tkm{af6 ljz]if ;ldlt ;b:o /xg'ePsf jif{dfg k'gn] eg] …;dfof]hgcl3 s] ug]{ eGg]af/]df 5nkmn ug]{Ú atfpg'eof] . …;+qmd0fsfncl3 s] ug]{ eg]/ Pp6f lg0f{o u5f}{+Ú– g]tf k'gn] eGg'eof]– …;dfof]hgdf hfg'cl3 s] x'G5 < 5nkmn ub}{5f} “  .Ú n8fs'x¿n] kfngf ug'{kg]{ cfrf/;+lxtfdf …lzlj/leq jf aflx/ s'g} klg lsl;dsf] /fhgLlts k|lzIf0f gug]{÷gu/fpg]Ú pNn]v 5 . ljz]if ;ldltdftxt cfPsf] cf}krfl/s 3f]if0ff; “ u} n8fs'x¿sf] /]vb]v, Joj:yfkg / k'gM:yfkgfsf] ;Dk"0f{ lhDdf ljz]if ;ldlt ;rljfnon] lnO;s]sf] 5 .


;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0fdf

wgs'6f . g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf ;b:o /fh]Gb| uf}tdn] zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf nflu /fhgLlts ;xdltsf] ljsNk g/x]sf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . Pdfn] wgs'6fn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] tLgdlxg] j}rfl/s tyf ;+u7gfTds ;'b[9Ls/0f cleofg cGtu{t lhNnf:t/Lo cled'vLs/0f tyf …xfd|f] cleofgÚ d'vkq ljdf]rg ub}{ pxf “ n] ;f] s'/f atfpg'ePsf] xf] .

/fhgLlts ;xdltnfO{ kf6L{n] nfdf] ;dob]lv cfkmgf] Ph]G8fsf ¿kdf lnP/ cl3 al9/x]sf] atfpg' x' “ b} pxf “ n] o;sf nflu cGo bnx¿ klg ;xdltsf] af6f]lt/ cfO/x]sf] atfpg'eof] . pxf “ n] bnx¿sf aLrdf c;dembf/L / c;xdltnfO{ x6fP/ /fli6«o ;xdlt u/L ;/sf/ lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{ atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf g]skf -Pdfn]_ wgs'6fsf cWoIf /fh]Gb| /fO{n] kf6L{sf ;f+u7lgs tyf j}rfl/s sfo{nfO{ Jojl:yt tl/sfn] k|rf/–k|;f/df n}hfg'kg]{df hf]8 lbg'eof] .

cled'vLs/0f sfo{qmddf zflGt, ;+ljwfg, hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfb / cGo kf6L{x¿aLrsf] cGt/;DaGwsf ljifodf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o uf}tdn] k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . To:t}, kf6L{ hLjgdf nf]stfGqLs/0fsf] cf}lrTo / k|of]u ljifodf Pdfn] sf];L c~rn ;b:o wd{/fh kf}8]n, ;fdflhs ¿kfGt/0fdf /rgfTds cleofgsf ljifodf lhNnf cWoIf /fh]Gb| /fO{ / cfly{s Joj:yfkg / sfo{stf{ ;+/If0f sf]ifsf ljifodf ;lrj OGb|dl0f k/fh'nLn] k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

b;f}+ a}7s ;DkGg

To;}u/L ljleGg lg0f{ox¿ ub}{ g]skf -Pdfn]_ lhNnf sld6L wgs'6fsf] b'O{lbg] !)cf} “ k"0f{ a}7s ;f]daf/ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . a}7sn] cfufdL kmfu'g & ut]sf lbg wgs'6fsf] 6' “ l8v]ndf a[xt\ cfd;efsf] cfof]hgf ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . kf6L{sf zLif{:y g]tfx¿sf] pkl:yltdf /fli6«o:t/sf snfsf/x¿sf] ;xeflutf;d]t /xg]u/L cfof]hgf ug{ nfluPsf] a[xt\ cfd;ef ;DkGg ug{sf nflu lhNnf sld6L wgs'6fsf cWoIf /fh]Gb| /fO{sf] ;+of]hsTjdf cfd;ef Aoj:yfkg tyf kl/rfng ;ldlt klg u7g u/]sf] 5 .

a}7sn] kf6L{ s]Gb| / c~rnsf] lgb]{zg adf]lhd ;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0f cleofg cGtu{t ufp “ tx;Dd cleofg ;~rfng ug]{ klg lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . ufp “ :t/;Dd uP/ cleofg ;~rfngsf nflu ljleGg !) j6f 6f]nLx¿ lgdf{0f ul/Psf] g]skf -Pdfn]_ wgs'6fn] hgfPsf] 5 . Pdfn] wgs'6fsf cg';f/ ufp “ ;Dd uP/ cleofg ;~rfng ug{sf nflu 6f]nLn] s] s] cleef/fx¿ k"/f ug]{ egL lglZrt cfwf/x¿ klg a}7sn] to u/]sf] 5 . a}7sdf lhNnfsf ljleGg ;d;fdlos ljifox¿df klg Jofks 5nkmn ul/Psf] g]skf -Pdfn]_ wgs'6fsf cWoIf /fh]Gb| /fO{n] atfpg'eof] . – s'nk|;fb /fO{


vf8Ldf k|lzIf0f

sf7df8f} “  . /f]huf/L vf]Hb} vf8L d'n's stf/ k'u]sf k|jf;L g]kfnLx¿nfO{ /fhgLlts / j}rfl/s ¿kdf k|lzlIft u/]/ g]skf -Pdfn]_sf b'O{ g]tfx¿ :jb]z kmls{g'ePsf] 5 . kf6L{sf j}slNks kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o Pjd\ :s'n ljefu k|d'v a]b'/fd e';fn / s]Gb|Lo j}slNks ;b:o Pjd\ k|jf; …uÚsf s]Gb|Lo k|ltlglw >Lk|;fb ;fx stf/sf] bf]xfdf cfof]lht k|jf;Lx¿nfO{ k|lzIf0f lbP/ cfOtaf/ kmls{g'ePsf] xf] . g]skf -Pdfn]_ k|jf; sld6L / g]kfnL nf]stflGqs d~r stf/åf/f 5'§f5'§} sfo{qmd cfof]hgf ul/Psf] lyof] . ut laxLaf/ / z'qmaf/ stf/sf] /fhwfgL bf]xfdf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf g]tf e';fnn] …bz{gzf:q / hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfbÚ / ;fxn] …;ª\u7g lgdf{0f, cg'zf;g / kf6L{ k4ltÚ ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . sld6Lsf cWoIf lbnls/0f vh'd ;'Aafsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng sfo{afxs ;lrj wfgs kf]v]|nn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

z'qmaf/} g]kfnL nf]stflGqs d~r stf/sf] cfof]hgfdf k|lzIf0f sfo{qmd ;DkGg eof] . ;f] sfo{qmddf e';fnn] …;d;fdlos kl/l:ylt / xfd|f sfo{ef/Ú / ;fxn] …kf6L{ / hg;ª\u7gaLrsf] cGt/;DaGwÚ ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbg'eof] . a}7sn] kf6L{n] cl3 ;f/]sf] tLgdlxg] sfo{of]hgfaf/] 5nkmn ub}{ ;ª\u7g lgdf{0f, ;ª\ul7t ;b:otf ljt/0f / sld6Ldftxtsf sfo{qmdnfO{ k|lzIf0f lbg] of]hgf agfPsf] 5 . zlgaf/ g]kfnL nf]stflGqs d~rsf] ;lrjfno a}7s ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . ;f]xL lbg bf]xfdf /x]sf slknj:t' d'l:nd ;dfhsf kbflwsf/Lx¿n] g]tf e';fn / wg'iff ;Dks{ ;dfhsf kbflwsf/Lx¿n] ;fx; “ u 5'§f5'§} e]63f6 u/]sf lyP .

sl/a rf/ nfv ;ª\Vofdf g]kfnL k|jf;L stf/df a:5g\ . b'j} g]tfx¿n] g]kfnL k|jf;Lx¿sf ;d:ofx¿ af/]df hfgsf/L lng'ePsf] lyof] . To;qmddf stf/sf nflu g]kfnL /fhb"t ;"o{gfy ld>; “ u e]6 ub}{ g]kfnLsf] cj:yfaf/] 5nkmn ePsf] g]tf e';fnn] atfpg'eof] . …k|jf;Lsf ;d:of a'em\b} hf “ bf ;a}eGbf sd kfl/>lds g]kfnLx¿n] kfp “ bf/x]5g\Ú– g]tf e';fnn] eGg'eof]– …C0f lnP/ ljb]lzPsf t/ e'QmfgL ug{ g;s]/ cK7\of/f]df kl//x]sf y'k|} g]kfnL ;fyLx¿; “ u e]6 eof] .Ú g]kfndf cfsif{s tna lbG5f} “ eGb} Toxf “ nu]/ a]kQf kfl/Psfx¿sf] ;"rL nfd} /x]sf] e';fnn] atfpg'eof] . …h'g sDkgLn] sfd lbG5' eg]/ n}hfG5g\ t/ Toxf “ c¿ sDkgLnfO{ g} sfdbf/ a]Rbf /x]5g\Ú–pxf “ n] eGg'eof]– …ToxL qmddf sfdbf/x¿nfO{ ;:tf]df a]lr “ bf/x]5g\ .Ú


d]nDrLsf o'jfnfO{ k|lzIf0f

sf7df8f} “  . o'jf;ª\3, g]kfnn] b]zJofkL ¿kdf lhNnf e]nf / k|lzIf0f sfo{qmdnfO{ tLj| agfPsf] 5 . oxL qmddf xfn} l;Gw'kfNrf]s lhNnf sld6Lsf] cfof]hgfdf b'O{lbg] k|lzIf0f sfo{qmd d]nDrLdf ;DkGg eof] . sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f6g ;ª\3sf dxf;lrj lg/h cfrfo{n] ug'{eof] . ;f] cj;/df pxf “ n] …g]kfndf o'jf cfGbf]ngsf] Oltxf;, jt{dfg sfo{lbzf / sfo{ef/Ú ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbg'eof] . sfo{qmdsf ljlzi6 cltly Pjd\ g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf j}slNks kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o c¿0f g]kfnn] …jt{dfg ;Gbe{df hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfb / g]kfnL qmflGtÚ, csf{ g]tf z]/axfb'/ tfdfªn] …/fHo k'gM;+/rgfsf ;Gbe{df Pdfn]sf] k|:tfjÚ / kf6L{ lhNnf cWoIf x:t kl08tn] …;fª\u7lgs–cfly{s of]hgf / kf6L{sf rf/ sfdÚ ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . k|lzIf0fkl5 a;]sf] o'jf;ª\3 lhNnf sld6Lsf] a}7sn] ;ª\u7g lj:tf/ / ;b:otf ljt/0fsf] sfdnfO{ 3lge"t agfpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . ;ª\3sf lhNnf cWoIf czf]s rf}nfufO{+sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng /fh' >]i7n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf pkl:yt sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ /fds[i0f e'h]nn] :jfut ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


df:s]k|lt >4f~hnL

sf7df8f} “  . g]kfnL rnlrq Pjd\ gf6\oIf]qsL ;fws zflGt df:s]sf] ut xKtf lgwg ePsf] 5 . nfdf] ;dob]lv d'6'sf] /f]uaf6 u|l;t df:s]sf] *# jif{sf] pd]/df pkrf/sf qmddf lgwg ePsf] xf] . pxf “ sf] lgwgk|lt g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] zf]s jQmJo k|sflzt u/L b'Mv JoQm ug'{ePsf] 5 . …cleg]qL df:s]sf] lgwgn] xfd|f] kf6L{nfO{ ddf{xt tyf b'Mlvt t'NofPsf] 5,Ú cWoIf vgfnn] lj1lKtdf eGg'ePsf] 5, …pxf “ sf] lgwgaf6 g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]udf ck"/0fLo Iflt x'g'sf ;fy} /fi6«n] Ps snf;fws, cg'ejL cleg]qL, jl/i7 snfsf/ u'dfPsf] 5 .Ú

…uf]/vfsf] tLgkLkndf !(*$ ;fndf hGdg'ePsL zflGt df:s] g]kfn rnlrq hut\sL rlr{t cleg]qL tyf @))& ;fnsf] /f0fflj/f]wL cfGbf]ngdf …k|hftGq /]l8of]Údf hgkIfLo uLtx¿ ufP/ cfGbf]ngnfO{ p7fpg ;xof]u ug]{ Ps uflosf klg x'g'x'GYof] . pxf “ n] …lxhf], cfh / ef]lnÚ rnlrqaf6 cfkm\gf] clego ofqf ;'? u/]/ ;jf{lws rlr{t …hLjg/]vfÚ, …l;Gb"/Ú, …;GtfgÚ, …gf;f]Únufot y'k|} rnlrqx¿df pxf “ n] hLjGt clego ug'{ePsf] lyof] . …pxf “ sf] lgwgsf] of] b'Mvb\ 38Ldf g]skf -Pdfn]_, jl/i7 snfsf/ zflGt df:s]k|lt xflb{s >4f~hln ck{0f ub}{ pxf “ sf ;Dk"0f{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt ;dj]bgf JoQm ub{5,Ú lj1lKtdf pNn]v 5 .


g'jfsf]6 ;Dks{df lji6

sf7df8f} “  . g]skf -Pdfn]_ g'jfsf]6–sf7df8f} “ ;Dks{ d~rsf] clwj]zg ut zlgaf/ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . clwj]zgn] lht]Gb| lji6sf] cWoIftfdf @& ;b:oLo sfo{;ldlt rog u/]sf] 5 . gof “ sfo{;ldltdf pkfWoIfdf k'?iff]Qd Kofs'/]n, ;lrjdf /fhs'df/ cf]emf, ;x;lrjdf e}/jL 9'ª\ufgf, sf]iffWoIfdf cf]dgfy clwsf/L /xg'ePsf] 5 . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnLsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg ;f] clwj]zgdf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o dx]Gb| kf08], ;ef;b\ ljGbf kf08] tyf uf]ljGb g]kfnL, /fh]Gb| nf]xgL ;fy} afUdtL c~rn OGrfh{ s'df/ vs'/]n nufotsf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] .


lgjf{rgsf] dfu

sf7df8f} “  . :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg tTsfn ug{ dfu ub}{ :yfgLo lgsfo sd{rf/L ;ª\3sf] /fli6«o a}7s ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . /fhwfgLdf cfOtaf/ g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] pb\3f6g u/]sf] ;f] a}7s ;f]daf/ ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . ;ª\3sf] kf “ rf} “ jflif{sf]T;j / klxnf] /fli6«o kl/ifb\ a}7sdf b]z}el/sf k|ltlglwx¿ ;xefuL lyP . a}7sn] @% a' “ b] sf7df8f} “ 3f]if0ffkq kfl/t u/]sf] 5 . 3f]if0ffkqdf ;ª\3Lotfdf ;Ddfghgs Joj:yf, lghfdtL;/x ;]jf ;'ljwf, ;'/Iff, d[ts sd{rf/LnfO{ ;lxb 3f]if0ff / kl/jf/nfO{ plrt Ifltk"lt{ nufotsf dfu /flvPsf] 5 .

To:t}, ;ª\3 3f]if0ffkqdf :yfgLo ;]jf cfof]u u7g, tflnd, j}b]lzs e|d0f, ;]ldgf/ nufotsf k|fKt sf]6fdWo] %) k|ltzt :yfgLo lgsfo sd{rf/Lx¿nfO{ 5'§Øfpg dfu, :yfgLo lgsfo sd{rf/L c:ktfn lgdf{0fsf] kxn, h]i7tfsf cfwf/df lhDd]jf/L x:tfGt/0f, 6]«8 o'lgog clwsf/ sfof{Gjogdf Nofpg dfu u/]sf] 5 . ;ª\3sf cWoIf xl/s'df/ >]i7n] k]|; lj1lKt hf/L u/L dGqfnosf] cfGtl/s bafa tyf afx\o ¿kdf kl/kq u/]/ :yfgLo lgsfosf] clwsf/ If]q 7f8} ldRg] k|of; u/]sf] eGb} cfklQ hgfpg'eof] . pb\3f6g ;df/f]xdf g]kfnL sfª\u]|;sf g]tf gjLGb|/fh hf]zL, g]skf -Pdfn]_sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o 8f= ljhos'df/ kf}8]n nufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] .


sf7df8f} “ df ?jfjf;L x'g]

sf7df8f} “  . ;dod} gof “ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{ / zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ lgwf{l/t ;dod} ;DkGg ug{ bafa lbg] p2]Zon] KofS8f]g g]kfnn] eJo ¿kdf ?jfjf;L sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ug]{ ePsf] 5 . ut dª\l;/ @* ut] b}n]vdf k|ltof]lutf cfof]hgf u/]/ b]zJofkL rrf{ kfPsf] ?jfjf;L sfo{qmd sf7df8f} “ df klg cfof]hgf x'g] vj/n] ;a} If]qaf6 z'esfdgf / ;/fxgf k|fKt ePsf] KofS8f]g g]kfnsf cWoIf ;xjL/ ljs]n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . …zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ 6'ª\uf]df k'¥ofpg] / gof “ g]kfnsf] lgdf{0f ug]{ sfo{ ck]lIft ultdf cufl8 a9\g g;ls/x]sf] jt{dfg cj:yfdf xfdL ;d[4 g]kfn lgdf{0f x]g{ rfxg] b]zeQm g]kfnLx¿n] ljleGg kmf]/daf6 bafa lbg ckl/xfo{ ePsf] 5,Ú k|]; lj1lKtdf elgPsf] 5 .

;f]xL p2]Zo cg'¿k ?jfjf;L sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] cWoIf ljs]n] k|:6\ofpg'eof] . ;fy}, g]kfnL hgtfsf] Tofu / alnbfgaf6 k|fKt nf]stflGqs u0ftGqnfO{ ;+:yfut u/L ;dod} ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{ o:tf vfnsf bjfad"ns sfo{qmdn] 6]jf k'Ug] atfOPsf] 5 . cfk\mgf ;fgfltgf dte]b / cfu|x k"jfu|xx¿nfO{ hgtfsf] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f gx'~h]n / :yfoL zflGtsf] cleef/f k"/f gx'Gh]n Go"gLs/0f ub}{ oyfzL3| ;f] sfo{ ;DkGg ug{÷u/fpg ;Dk"0f{ /fhgLlts bn, g]t[Tj Pjd\ g]kfn / g]kfnLk|lt lhDd]jf/ akmfbf/ ;Dk"0f{ c;n gful/ssf] bfloTj ePsf] ;d]t ;f] ;+:yfn] k|:6 kf/]sf] 5 . kmfu'g % ut] x'g] ;f] ?jfjf;L sfo{qmdnfO{ ;kmn kfg{ ;flxlTos, af}l4s, ;f+:s[lts Pjd\ ;fdflhs ;ª\3, ;+:yf tyf JolQmx¿sf] ;lqmo ;xof]usf] ck]Iff;d]t KofS8f]g g]kfnn] u/]sf] lj1lKtdf pNn]v 5 .


:yfgLo lgsfo vf]O <

sf7df8f} “  . g]skf -Pdfn]_ :yfgLo ljsf; tyf ef}lts ;+/rgf ljefusf] cfof]hgfdf ut a'waf/ / laxLaf/ …bf];|f] /fli6«o cGtlq{mofÚ sfo{qmd ;DkGg eof] . sfo{qmdsf] kf6L{ cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . …:yfgLo ljsf; tyf ef}lts k"jf{wf/Ú ljifos ;f] sfo{qmddf cfwf bh{g kf6L{ g]tfx¿ tyf ljifo lj1x¿n] sfo{kq k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f6g ub}{ cWoIf vgfnn] /fli6«o ;xdlt g} d'n'ssf] cu|ultsf] cfwf/ /x]sf] :ki6 kfb}{ syd\sbflrt ;xdlt gag] ax'dtsf] eP klg ;/sf/ aGg] atfpg'eof] . ;xdltdf hfg bnx¿n] Tolt ?lr gb]vfPsf] cf/f]k cWoIf vgfnsf] lyof] . …;xdltdf hfg] kIfdf bnx¿df Tolt ?lr b]lvPg, t/ klg xfdL k|of;/t 5f} “ , olb ;xdlt x'g g;s] klg ax'dtsf] eP klg ;/sf/ lbG5f} “ ,Ú pxf “ n] eGg'eof] . PsLs[t dfcf]jfbL / g]kfnL sfª\u]|;n] ;xdltsf nflu kxnsbdL lng g;s]s} sf/0f ;ª\qmd0fsfnsf] clGtd r/0f nlDab} uPsf] pxf “ sf] cf/f]k lyof] . cWoIf vgfnn] zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug]{ qmddf k|ltqmflGtsf/L zlQmx¿n] 6fpsf] p7fP qmflGtsf/L zlQmx¿ klg :jfefljs ¿kdf lj?f4df hfg'kg]{ atfpg'eof] .

pb\3f6g ;qnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pjd\ ljefu k|d'v uf]s0f{/fh lji6n] ljBdfg /fhgLlts ;ª\s6nfO{ Pdfn]n] dfq} kf/ nufpg ;Sg] atfpg'eof] . t/, kf6L{leq cfGtl/s Pstflagf Pdfn]n] ;ª\s6 ;dfwfg ug{ g;Sg] :ki6 kfg'{eof] . pb\3f6g ;qnfO{ kf6L{ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o hoGtL /fO{, /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf ;b:oåo 8f= lbg]zrGb| b]jsf]6f / k]|d s' “ j/n] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ljefu ;lrj eLd s];Ln] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

pb\3f6g ;qkl5 ;'? ePsf] aGb;qnfO{ kf6L{ dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . Pdfn]nfO{ 7Ls tl/sfn] a'em\bf s]–s] ug'{k5{ eGg] ljifodf ljrf/f]Q]hgs k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . cf7f} “ /fli6«o dxflwj]zgkl5 kf6L{sf] l:ylt, kf6L{leq b]vfk/]sf ;d:of / ltgsf] ;dfwfg, kf6L{sf] P]ltxfl;s ljsf;qmdnfO{ åGåfTds tl/sfn] a'em\g] s'/f, pu|jfdkGyL cltjfbsf] v08g k|ltjfbg s]df s]lGb|t x'g'k5{, blIf0fkGyL oyfl:yltjfbL lrGtg, k|j[lQsf] v08g–k|ltjfb s]df s]lGb|t x'g'k5{, kf6L{leq g]t[Tj lgdf{0fsf] k|Zg / kf6L{sf] sfo{ef/sf] ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

To:t}, kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o /fh]Gb|k|;fb kf08]n] …pTkfbgd'vL sfo{ / pBdzLntf ljsf;sf c;/x¿Ú, s]Gb|Lo ;b:o uf]s0f{/fh lji6n] …:yfgLo ljsf;sf ;d:of / ;dfwfgsf pkfox¿Ú, :yfgLo ljsf; tyf ef}lts ;+/rgf ljefusf ;b:o s[i0fk|;fb h}zLn] …:yfgLo ;|f]t ;fwg / cg'bfgsf] k|efjsf/L sfof{GjogÚ, ;ef;b\ s[i0fk|;fb ;fksf]6fn] …gof “ ;+ljwfgdf :yfgLo :jfoQ ;/sf/Ú ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . To:t}, ljefu ;b:o Pjd\ ;x/L of]hgfljb\ ;'zLn 1jfnLn] …g]kfndf k"jf{wf/ ljsf;M r'gf}tL Pjd\ ;Defjgfx¿Ú ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf b]zel/sf :yfgLo ljsf; tyf ef}lts ;+/rgf ljefusf lhNnf / c~rnsf ljefuLo k|d'vx¿sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . o;cl3 ut c;f/ !$ / @% ut] klg ljefun] o:t} sfo{qmd u/]sf] lyof] . ljsf;sf] df]8nsf ;Gbe{df /fli6«o ax; ;~rfng ub}{ cGtlq{mof sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 .

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