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d'Vo ;dfrf/
 
;'zLnn] lbNnLdf vf]n] lbn

lbNnL . g]kfnL sfª\u|];sf] ;efklt ePkl5 klxnf] k6s lbNnLsf] pRr g]t[Tj;“u e]6\g kfPsf ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] cfkm"nfO{ g]kfnsf] nf]stflGqs zlQmsf] g]tfsf ¿kdf lrgfpg] k|of; u/]sf 5g\ . ‘dfcf]jfbLsf] pu|jfdkGynfO{ tx nufpgsf nflu’ ef/tn] cfkm\gf] kf6L{nfO{ ;xof]u ug'{kg]{ wf/0ff pgn] ef/tLo g]tfx¿;“u /fv]sf] ;|f]tn] atfPsf] 5 . ef/tsf] ;/sf/L kfx'gfsf ¿kdf lbNnLsf] wf}nfs'jfl:yt xf]6n ‘tfh df}of{’df a;]sf sf]O/fnfn] ef/tLo k|wfgdGqL 8f= dgdf]xg l;+x, sfª\u|]; cWoIf ;f]lgof ufGwL, ljkIfL g]tf nfns[i0f c8jf0fL, ljQdGqL k|0fj d'vhL{, ljb]zdGqL P;Pd s[i0ffnufot;“u e]6]sf lyP .

e]6kl5 k|km'Nn ePsf sf]O/fnfn] g]kfnL hg;Dks{ ;ldltsf cfkm\gf sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ e]63f6sf s]xL k|;ª\u ;'gfPsf lyP . afns[i0f kf08], k|df]b v/]n, lji0f' kf08]nufotsf sfo{stf{x¿sf ;fydf pgn] cfkm"nfO{ ef/tsf] pRr g]t[Tjn] ljZjf; u/]sf] v'nf;f u/]sf lyP . pgsf] egfO lyof]– …d}n] cfh;Dd o; txsf g]tfx¿nfO{ e]6sf] lyOg“ . pgLx¿sf] g]kfnk|lt ;fx|} /fd|f] wf/0ff /x]5 . g]kfndf g]kfnL sfª\u|];n] dfq} k|hftGqsf] /Iff ub{5 eGg] ljZjf; pgLx¿nfO{ 5 .Ú

lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] lgwgkl5 z]/axfb'/ b]pjfnfO{ ljZjf; ug{ g;lsg] / csf]{ sf]xL g]tf sfª\u|];leq g/x]sf] lgisif{ ef/tLo ;+:yfkgn] lgsfln/x]sf a]nf sf]O/fnfn] pRr dxTj kfPsf] eGb} sfª\u|];j[Qdf clxn] ;Gtf]if 5fPsf] 5 . ef/td} :yfkgf eP/ clwsf+z ;do ef/td} latfPsf] / ef/t;“u ;a}eGbf k'/fgf] / lgs6 ;DaGw /x]sf] dflgg] sfª\u|];sf ;efkltnfO{ ef/tn] k|wfgdGqL;/xsf] ;Ddfg lbPsf] l6Kk0fL ul/Psf] 5 .

sf]O/fnfn] ef/tLo wf/0ff;“u} ldNbf]h'Nbf] u/L dfcf]jfbLnfO{ a'em\gdf ljutdf cfkm\gf] kf6L{af6 sdhf]/L ePsf] atfPsf lyP . pgn] kl5 cfkm\gf sfo{stf{nfO{ s'/fsfgL p4[t ub}{ eg]– …xfdLn] lxhf]b]lv pgLx¿ -dfcf]jfbL_ ;“u /fd|f];“u l8n u/]sf] eP clxn]sf] ;d:of cfpg] lyPg . Tolta]nf pgLx¿n] h] eg] ToxL dfg]sf sf/0f pgLx¿sf] dgf]an a9]sf] xf] .Ú sf]O/fnfnfO{ ef/tLo k|wfgdGqL l;+xn] eg]5g\– …xfd|f]df klg ;d:of lyof] . xfd|f] ;/sf/nfO{ oxf“sf n]km\6x¿n] ;dy{g ul//x]sf lyP . To;}n] klg xfdLn] clnslt pgLx¿sf] bafadf k/]/ sfd ug'{k/]sfn] ;d:of ePsf] xf] .Ú ef/tLo kIfn] dfcf]jfbLdf clxn] rln/x]sf] ljjfbn] zflGt k|lqmofdf kfg{ ;Sg] k|efjsf af/]df klg sf]O/fnf;“u lh1f;f /fv]sf] /x]5 . sf]O/fnfn] eg]– …pgLx¿ clGtddf ldN5g\ . ;QfsAhf ug]{df pgLx¿sf aLrdf vf; s'g} ljjfb 5}g . To;}n] km'6\nfg h:tf] nfUb}g .Ú sf]O/fnfn] k|wfgdGqL l;+x;“usf] s'/fsfgL p4[t ub}{ sfo{stf{nfO{ atfP– …dfcf]jfbL ;'w|]nf jf clxn]sf] cGt/kf6L{ snx ;txdf cfP/ kf6L{ km'6\nf eGg] e|d tkfO{+–xfdL s;}n] klg gkfn] x'G5 . of] tkfO{+x¿nfO{ b]vfpg] / cfkm\g} sfo{stf{nfO{ e'nfpg] rfn dfq xf] . lsgeg], pgLx¿ zflGt k|lqmofk|lt Odfgbf/ 5}gg\ . aGb's la;fpg] kIfdf 5}gg\ . o;}df Pdfn]sf cWoIf klg km:g'ePsf] 5 .Ú

s;/L eof] e|d0f <

sf]O/fnf :jf:Yo pkrf/sf nflu cd]l/sf uPsf lyP . Tolta]n} pgL hfkfg / hd{gL hfg] s'/f ;fj{hlgs ul/Psf] lyof] . t/, pgL PSsfl; lbNnL cfPkl5 dfq} pgsf] ofqf cem nlDaPsf] / lbNnLdf pRr txsf] e]63f6 x'g nfu]sf] va/ ;fj{hlgs ePsf] lyof] . c¿nfO{ dfq xf]Og, :jod\ sf]O/fnfnfO{ klg sfzL hfg' s'ltsf] af6f] eg]em}“ cd]l/sf p8]/ lbNnLdf e]63f6 xf]nf eGg] nfu]sf] lyPg . stfaf6 s]–s] s'/f ePkl5 cd]l/sfsf] Go'of]s{af6 pgn] sf7df8f}“l:yt ef/tLo /fhb"t /f]sz ;'bnfO{ cfkm}“ kmf]g u/]sf lyP . sf]O/fnfn] …d oxf“af6 kmls{+bf lbNnL eP/ kmls{G5', Toxf“ e]63f6sf] rf“hf]kf“rf] ldnfpg'k¥of]Ú eg]kl5 nfdf] ;dob]lv pgnfO{ ef/t n}hfg OR5's ;'bn] cfkm\gf] sfo{sfnsf] cGTodf pQm sfd ug{ kfPsf]df v';L dfGb} u[xsfo{ ;'? u/]sf lyP . oxL“af6 b"tfjf;n] s'g–s'g g]tf;“u slxn] / sxf“ e]6\g] eGb} sfo{qmd to u/]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . ;fpy Anssf] pRr ;|f]tn] sf]O/fnfsf] e|d0fsf nflu cfkm" OR5's /x]sfn] pQm e|d0f t'?Gt} ;Dej ePsf] atfof] . g]kfndf h'g;'s} bnsf k|d'v g]tfnfO{ klg kbdf cfpgf;fy ef/tn] cfkm\gf] b]zdf af]nfpg] rng h:t} 5 . emngfy vgfnnfO{ Pdfn]sf] dxf;lrj ePkl5 ef/tn] af]nfPsf] lyof] eg] dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] klg ef/t e|d0f ul/;s]sf 5g\ . dw];L bnx¿sf nflu t tLy{:yn g} eOxfNof] .

d[b'nfsf] r'/Lkm'/L

o; k6s sf]O/fnf lbNnLdf /x“bf pgsf] b}lgs sfo{tflnsf x]g]{b]lv e]63f6sf af/]df hfgsf/L lbg];Ddsf] sfd
d[b'nf sf]O/fnfn] u/]sL lyOg\ . cd]l/sfsf] lu|gsf8{ ePsL sf]O/fnf pt}sL gful/ssf ¿kdf cd]l/sfd} al:5g\ . sf]O/fnfsf] cd]l/sf a;fO / Toxf“sf sfo{qmdsf] rf“hf]kf“hf] klg pg} d[b'nfn] ldnfPsL lyOg\ . Toxf“ dfq xf]Og, pgL sf]O/fnf;“u} a]nfot / hd{gL klg k'u]sL lyOg\ . lbNnLdf ;d]t sf]O/fnf;“u} d[b'nfn] Pp6} uf8Ldf ofqf u/]sL lyOg\ .

d[b'nfs} sf/0f sf]O/fnfn] cd]l/sfdf c;xh dx;'; ug'{k/]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . cfkm\gL nfdf] ;dob]lvsL ldq pdf sfsL{nfO{ e]6\bf;d]t d[b'nfsf sf/0f sf]O/fnfn] c;xh dx;'; ug'{k/]sf] lyof] . g]kfnuGhsL sfsL{ clxn] cd]l/sfsf] d]l/NofG8df al:5g\ . cd]l/sf uPsf] a]nf sf]O/fnf pgnfO{ ge]6L kmls{+b}gg\ .


cNkdtdf k/]kl5 efufefu
dfcf]jfbL a}7s nuftf/ :ylut

sf7df8f}“ . c;f/ !) ut] :ylut eO{ ;fpg ! ut] Ps lbg a;]sf] dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s To;otf lbglbg} :ylut eO/x]sf] 5 . ;+;bLo bndf o;cl3 g} cNkdtdf kl/;s]sf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnsf lj?4 ! ;o $* ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf &$ hgfn] x:tfIf/ u/]kl5 pgn] a}7s 6fb}{ cfPsf 5g\ .

u[xsfo{ gk'u]sf] eGb} ;f]daf/ :ylut u/L lxhf]sf nflu af]nfOPsf] a}7s klg a:g ;s]g . pkfWoIf gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7 / g]tf clds z]/rgsf] ;d"xn] ;fy glbP klg bfxfnsf lj?4 ax'dt s]Gb|Lo ;b:osf] x:tfIf/ h'6]kl5 pgn] ;f]daf/ / dª\unaf/ b'j} lbgsf] a}7s x7ft\ :ylut u/]sf x'g\ . sfo{ljefhg / dlGqkl/ifb\df gof“ 6f]nL k7fpg] ljifodf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn / pkfWoIfåo df]xg j}B tyf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{aLr s'/f ldNg g;s]kl5 a}7s k|efljt aGb} cfPsf] 5 . vf;u/L sfo{ljefhgsf] k|:tfjnfO{ b'j} kIfnfO{ cfkm\gf] k|lti7fsf] ljifo agfPsfn] kf6L{leqsf] ljjfb ;dfwfg gx'g] ljGb'df k'u]sf] dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tn] atfof] . …clxn] dfq xf]Og, e§/fO{n] km'lG6jfª a}7sb]lv g} sfo{ljefhgk|lt c;Gt'li6 kf]Vb} cfPsf x'g\Ú– Ps g]tfn] eg]– …kf6L{ ;]gf / df]rf{ Pp6} JolQmnfO{ lbg' x'“b}g eGg] k|:tfj u/]s} sf/0f pgnfO{ sf/afxL ul/of], t/ clxn] j}B;d]t To;df ;xdt ePsf 5g\ .Ú km'lG6jfª a}7sb]lvs} n8fO“ ePsfn] e§/fO{ ;d"xsf] k|lti7f aGg] g} eof], To;a]nf ToxL lgx'“df pgnfO{ sf/afxL;d]t u/]sfn] bfxfnsf] klg k|lti7fsf] ljifo ag]sf] atfOG5 . sfo{ljefhgcGtu{t klg vf;u/L e§/fO{nfO{ ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf agfpg] d'2fdf xnf] c8\lsPsf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 .

ptf, cWoIf bfxfnn] ;a}nfO{ …ljg–ljgÚ x'g] eGb} cfOtaf/sf] a}7sdf NofPsf] k|:tfj a]jfl/z] ag]sf] 5 . bfxfnn] cfkm\gf] k|:tfjdf sfo{ljefhgeGbf ;+ljwfgnfO{ k|fyldstf lbPsf]df j}B–e§/fO{ kIfn] cfklQ hgfPsf] 5 . p;f] t c;Gt'i6 kIfnfO{ v';L kfg{ bfxfnn] NofPsf] dlGqkl/ifb\df gof“ 6f]nL k7fpg] k|:tfj klg cnkq x'g] ;ª\s]t b]lvPsf] 5 . sfo{ljefhg geO{ c¿ s'/f :jLsfg{ j}B–e§/fO{ ;d"x tof/ gx'g] a'em]/} bfxfnn] of] k|:tfj NofPsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . cfkm"nfO{ nlrnf] klg b]vfpg / xnf] klg c8\sfO/xg] bfxfnsf] /0fgLltk|lt c;Gt'i6 kIf emg\ a9L ;zª\lst ag]sf] 5 .

bfxfnn] cfkm\gf rf/, j}Bsf rf/, e§/fO{sf tLg / gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7sf Ps hgfnfO{ dGqL agfpg] u/L gof“ k|:tfj NofPsf lyP . gof“ k|:tfjdf clxn] ePsf dGqLdWo] s[i0faxfb'/ dx/f, 6f]kaxfb'/ /fodfemL, zlQm a:g]t, v8\uaxfb'/ ljZjsdf{, lxtaxfb'/ tfdfª, clUg ;fksf]6f / xl/r/0f rf}w/LnfO{ lkmtf{ af]nfP/ gf/fo0fsfhL, b]j u'?ª, lxl;nf odL, nf]s]Gb| lji6 du/, kDkmf e';fn, hok'/L 3tL{ / cf]g;/L 3tL{nfO{ k7fpg] k|:tfj ul/Psf] lyof] . t/, Tof] k|:tfjdf klg u[xdGqLsf gfddf nkm8f ;'? ePsf] 5 . j}B–e§/fO{ ;d"xn] u[xdf u'?ªnfO{ cufl8 ;f/]sf] 5 eg] bfxfnn] af]u6LnfO{ . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …bfxfn;“u u[x ;DxfNg] Ifdtf ePsf JolQm g} 5}gg\, To;}n] /a/:6\ofDksf ¿kdf af]u6LnfO{ cl3 ;f/]sf x'g\ .Ú af]u6LnfO{ cufl8 ;fg'{nfO{ k|:tfj NofPh:tf] ug]{ t/ ;do nDAofp“b} hfg] /0fgLltsf ¿kdf j}B–e§/fO{ kIfn] a'em]sf] 5 .

j}Blgs6 dflgg] kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o xl/eQm s“8]nn] bfxfnn] ;s];Dd sfo{ljefhg k|:tfj 6fg]{ k|oTg ul//xg] atfP . s“8]nn] eg]– …xfdLn] ;a} IfdtfnfO{ s]Gb|Ls[t u/]/ hfg] / kf6L{ agfpg] s'/f u/]sf xf}“ . t/, cWoIfn] g} To;nfO{ OGsf/ ul//xg'ePsf] 5 .Ú sfo{ljefhg klg Ps k|sf/sf] sfo{of]hgf ePsfn] dGqLdf k7fpg] gof“ l6d / sfo{ljefhgsf] sfd ;“u;“u} x'g'kg]{ pgn] atfP . …kf6L{ Pstfa4 agfpg] / sfd cWoIfn] g} ;f]Rg'kg]{ s'/f xf], t/ pxf“n] ;f]Rg'ePg eg] c¿n] ;f]Rg'kg]{ x'G5Ú– pgn] eg] . To;sf] cy{ ;xdltsf cfwf/df cWoIfn] rNg gdfg]df ax'dtsf] lg0f{osf cfwf/df hfg ;lsg] pNn]v ub}{ s“8]nn] eg]– …To;sf nflu klg cWoIfn] g} k|:tfj NofOlbP /fd|f] x'GYof] eGg] xfd|f] egfO xf] .Ú

a}7s cfh;Ddsf nflu :ylut ul/Psf] elgP klg cfh a:g] s'/fdf ljZj:t gePsf] klg pgn] atfP . s“8]nn] eg]–  …u[xsfo{ gk'u]/ :ylut ul/Psf] elgPsf] 5 . t/, km/flsnf] ;f]rsf] cefjs} sf/0f of] l:ylt cfPsf] xf] .Ú

k6sk6s a}7s :ylut x'g'nfO{ Ps kIfn] csf]{ kIfnfO{ cf/f]k nufPsf 5g\ . j}Blgs6 s“8]nn] sfo{ljefhgsf] k|:tfj 6fg]{ cWoIfsf] lgots} sf/0f a}7s :ylut ePsf] atfP klg cWoIf bfxfnlgs6 kf]ln6\Ao'/f] ;b:o zlQm a:g]t Tof] dfGg tof/ 5}gg\ . pkfWoIfx¿s} cfu|xdf a}7s :ylut ePsf] pgn] bfjL u/] . a:g]tn] eg]– …;f]daf/ klg u[xsfo{ k'u]g eGb} pxf“x¿s} cfu|xdf a}7s lxhf]nfO{ ;fl/of], lxhf] klg ToxL cfu|x bf]xf]¥ofpg'eof] .Ú cWoIf bfxfnlj?4 x:tfIf/ ePsf] ljifoaf/] a:g]tn] 3'dfp/f] kf/fn] :jLsf/ u/] . pgn] eg]– …o;aLrdf w]/} …js{cfp6Ú ePsf 5g\, x:tfIf/ klg ePsf 5g\, dGqLdf k7fpg] gof“ l6dsf] 5nkmn klg ePsf] 5, log} sf/0f a}7s ga;]sf] xf] .Ú

otf, sld6Lsf] a}7s a:g g;s] klg g]tfx¿sf cf–cfkm\gf u'6sf 5'§f5'§} a}7sx¿ eg] eO/x]sf 5g\ . efjL /0fgLlt tof/ ug{sf nflu ;a} g]tfx¿n] u[xsfo{ tLj| agfPsf 5g\ . bfxfn, j}B, e§/fO{, gf/fo0fsfhL / dxf;lrj /fdaxfb'/ yfkf afbnn] ;d]t cf–cfkm\gf ;d"xsf a}7s ul//x]sf 5g\ . …cf]l/lhgnÚ dfcf]jfbLaLr rls{Psf] emu8fsf] kmfObf p7fpg 9's]/ a;]sf gf/fo0fsfhLn] u[x dGqfno;lxt pkk|wfgdGqL x'g] ;kgf b]v]sf 5g\ . t/, bfxfnn] af]u6L / j}Bn] b]j u'?ªsf gfd cl3 ;f/]sf sf/0f cfkm\gf] ;Defjgf sd b]v]kl5 …u[xafx]s c¿ gvfg]Ú wDsL lbPsf 5g\ .


b"/;~rf/df ;'dfuL{sf] v6g †

sf7df8f}“ . df]afOn lk|mSj]G;L sf08df clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]un] sf/afxL cl3 a9fO/x]sf] a]nfdf b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fleq …c;xof]u u/]sf]Ú eGb} s]xL pRr sd{rf/LnfO{ …sfnfkfgLÚ k7fpg] tof/L eO/x]sf] 5 .

tTsfnLg ;~rf/ Pjd\ xfnsf u[xdGqL s[i0faxfb'/ dx/fn] lghL sDkgLnfO{ df]afOn lk|mSj]G;L lb“bf d'n'snfO{ emG8} *! ca{ ?k}of“ 3f6f kf/]sf] ljifodf ;+;b\sf] ;fj{hlgs n]vf ;ldltn] ;d]t 5fglag ul//x]sf] 5 . clVtof/n] ;d]t o; ljifodf cg';Gwfg ul//x]sf] 5 . of] ljifonfO{ n'sfpgdf ;xof]u gu/]sf] eGb} k|flws/0fsf kbflwsf/Ln] b'O{ lgb]{zsnfO{ sf7df8f}“ aflx/ k7fpg] tof/L ul//x]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

…d'n'snfO{ caf}{ ?lkof“ 3f6f k'¥ofP/ lghL sDkgL kf];]sf] cf/f]k nflu/x]sf] a]nf pRr kb:y sd{rf/Ln] jrfj6sf nflu ;xof]u gu/]sf] eGb} cWoIf e]if/fh s“8]nn] clxn] pgLx¿nfO{ sf7df8f}“ aflx/ zfvf vf]n]/ k7fpg] tof/L u/]sf 5g\Ú– ;|f]tn] eGof] . clxn];Dd /fhwfgL aflx/ sfof{no gePsf] k|flws/0fn] bfª / lj/f6gu/df zfvf vf]n]/ lgb]{zsåo cfgGb/fh vgfn / k'?iff]Qd vgfnnfO{ k7fpg] uf]Ko of]hgf agfPsf] yfxf ePsf] 5 .

k|flws/0fleq cg'ejL sd{rf/Lsf ¿kdf lrlgPsf t/ ;~rfns ;ldltsf cWoIfnufot ;b:onfO{ rfs8L gug]{ tL sd{rf/LnfO{ /fhwfgLaf6 wkfpgs} nflu gof“ of]hgf agfPsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

ut jif{ ;~rfns ;ldltn] jl/i7 sd{rf/L ;~rfns ;ldltsf] ;lrj x'g] k/Dk/fljk/Lt cfgGb vgfnnfO{ x6fP/ s}nfz Gof}kfg]nfO{ agfPsf] lyof] . clxn] pg} Gof}kfg]nfO{ lgb]{zs agfpgsf nflu sf7df8f}“ aflx/ zfvf vf]]Ng] tof/L ePsf] xf] . …b'O{ hgf jl/i7 lgb]{zsnfO{ sf7df8f}“af6 wkfpg kfP pgnfO{ lgb]{zs agfpg] of]hgfsf ;fy of] of]hgf cl3 a9fOPsf] xf]Ú– k|flws/0fsf Ps sd{rf/Ln] eg] .

cfZro{sf] ljifo s] 5 eg] b"/;~rf/ If]q nyflnª\u eO/x]sf] ;dodf Pp6} sfof{nodf lgb]{zs dfq yKg] of]hgfdf k|flws/0f 5 . clxn] g} tLg hgf lgb]{zsaLr sfdsf] tfnd]n / clwsf/ ldNg g;ls/x]sf] ;dodf b'O{ hgf lgb]{zs yk]/ vr{sf] ef/ dfq a9fpg] lglZrt 5 .

lgb]{zs aGgs} nflu s}nfzn] ljjfbf:kb Jofkf/L cho ;'dfuL{sf] rfs8L ul//x]sf 5g\ . cfk"m lgb]{zs ePdf ;'dfuL{sf] cg's"ndf sfd ul/lbg] k|lta4tf;d]t pgn] hgfPsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . ut dlxgf ;fj{hlgs n]vf ;ldltn] g]kfn :of6]nfO6 -xnf] df]afOn_ sf] cGt/f{li6«o u]6 j]sf] nfO;]G; /f]Sg lgb]{zg lbg'df lgb]{zs vgfns} v]n ePsf] cf/f]k nufp“b} Gof}kfg]n] To;sf] hfgsf/L ;'dfuL{nfO{ lbPsf lyP .

a;L–a;L jif{sf] sDtLdf Ps ca{ ?lkof“sf] sdfO ug{ ;lsg] u]6 j] nfO;]G; gkfPkl5 oltv]/ ;'dfuL{ lgb]{zs vgfnnfO{ h;/L klg clxn]sf] :yfgaf6 x6fpg] of]hgfdf 5g\ . To;sf nflu emG8} b'O{ dlxgf cd]l/sf a;]/ kms{g]lalQs} cWoIf s“8]nn] klg u[xsfo{ ;'? u/]sf 5g\ . s“8]n cfPsf] Ps ;ftfd} ;'dfuL{sf] unt wGbfnfO{ c;xof]u ug]{ b'O{ lgb]{zsnfO{ oxf“af6 aflx/ v]b]/ Gof}kfg]nfO{ Nofpg] of]hgf ag]sf] xf] . k|flws/0fleq Gof}kfg]nfO{ ;'dfuL{sf] sd{rf/Lsf ¿kdf lnOG5 .

xnf] df]afOndf dfcf]jfbLsf] ;d]t nufgL 5 . @% nfv ?lkof“ dfq nfO;]G; z'Ns lnP/ dx/f ;~rf/dGqL x'“bf b]zel/ df]afOn rnfpg kfpg] nfO;]G; lbnfOPsf] lyof] . clxn] dWoklZrdsf] bfªdf sfof{no /x]sf] of] sDkgL ePs} 7fp“df zfvf sfof{no vf]Ng k|flws/0fn] tof/L ul//x]sf] 5 . lagftof/L zfvf sfof{no vf]Ng] tof/L u/]sf]df k|flws/0fs} s]xL pRrkb:y clwsf/Lx¿ / sd{rf/L o'lgogn] ;d]t cfklQ hgfO;s]sf] ;dodf /ftf/ft of] k|:tfj cl3 a9fOPsf] 5 . o;f] x'g'df dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{sf] afx'No /x]sf] k|flws/0f ;~rfns ;ldltdf ;'dfuL{sf] af]njfnf x'g' xf] .


‘dnfO{ l9nf] eO;Sof]’

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfnL sfª\u]|;sf ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] cfkm}“n] u/]sf] ;xdltljk/Lt s'/f u/]sf] eGb} z]/axfb'/ b]pjfn] ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf aGg /fdrGb| kf}8]nlj?4 cljZjf;sf] k|:tfj Nofpg] ePsf 5g\ .
kbflwsf/L dgf]gogsf a]nf ePsf] ;xdlt kfngfsf] cg'/f]wsf nflu ;f]daf/ b]pjf sf]O/fnfnfO{ e]6\g k'u]sf lyP . cd]l/sf e|d0fdf lg:sg'cl3 sf]O/fnfn] b]pjfnfO{ ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf agfpg] ;xdlt gePsf] atfPsf lyP . t/, ;f]daf/ b]pjf;“usf] e]6df sf]O/fnf Tof] c8fgdf klg cl8Pgg\ . ;xdlt ePsf] s'/fnfO{ s"6gLlts 9ª\un] :jLsfb}{ sf]O/fnfn] …;/sf/sf] g]t[Tjsf] cj;/ kfP dfq kf] tkfO{+ eg]sf] t †Ú eg]/ 5nL s'/f u/]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . ;s];Dd ;xdlts} cfwf/df bnsf] g]tf aGg] jftfj/0f agfpg sf]O/fnfsf]df k'u]sf b]pjf …ca g/d eP/ grNg] eof]Ú eGb} kmls{Psf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . ;xdltdf bnsf] g]tf aGg sf]O/fnf g} afws b]v]kl5 b]pjfkIf clxn] cljZjf;sf] k|:tfj Nofpg] tof/Ldf /x]sf] 5 . o;sf nflu 5nkmn / e]63f6 klg tLj| ag]sf 5g\ . b]pjfn] kl5Nnf] ;dLs/0fdf ;a}eGbf e/ u/]sf s'naxfb'/ u'?ª / pgLlgs6 g]tfx¿nfO{ k6sk6s e]l6;s]sf 5g\ . cfOtaf/ dfq} b]pjf u'?ªlgs6 g]tf uf]ljGb/fh hf]zLnfO{ e]6\g uPsf lyP . hf]zLn] eg]– …b]pjfhL cfpg'ePsf] lyof], ;fob kf}8]nlj?4 cljZjf; k|:tfj cfp“5 xf]nf .Ú

sfª\u]|; ;+;bLo bnsf] ljwfgdf cljZjf; k|:tfj Nofpg @% k|ltztsf] ;dy{g cfjZos 5 . hals kf}8]n;“u ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfdf pDd]bjf/L lb“bf g} b]pjfn] $( dt kfPsf lyP eg] kf}8]nn] %& dt . u'?ªlt/ uPsf !@ dt clxn] b]pjflt/} ePsf] atfOG5 . To;f] t sf]O/fnf ljb]z e|d0f /x]s} a]nf b]pjf ;d"xn] x:tfIf/ h'6fO;s]sf] 5 . b]pjfnfO{ pgLlgs6:yx¿n] cljZjf; k|:tfj Nofpg ;Nnfx lbP klg b]pjf :jod\ eg] l;w} ax'dtsf] x:tfIf/ Nofpg] ;'/df /x]sf] klg g]tf hf]zLn] atfP . clxn] clwsf+z ;ef;b\x¿df kf6L{n] k|ltkIfsf] e"ldsf;d]t /fd|f];“u lgjf{x ug{ g;s]sf] u'gf;f] /x]sfn] kf}8]nsf] kb w/fkdf /x]sf] atfOG5 .

hf]zL;“usf] e]6df b]pjfn] cfkm"nfO{ ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tjsf] cj;/ cfO;s]sf] t/ bnsf] g]tf aGg kf] l9nf] eO;Sof] eGg] u'gf;f] u/]sf lyP . …dnfO{ l9nf] eO;Sof]Ú– b]pjfsf] egfO lyof]– …s'/f klxNo} cfO;s]sf] xf], bnsf] g]tf gagfP/ c8\lsof] .Ú


;ª\Vof tf]Sg bafa lbg'sf] /x:o

sf7df8f}“ . n8fs'x¿sf] ;dfof]hgsf nflu dfkb08, tx / k|lqmof yftL /fv]/ dfcf]jfbLn] ;ª\Vof dfq} tf]Sg lsg bafa lbPsf] xf]nf < Pshgf k"j{ ;/sf/L jftf{sf/n] To;df dfcf]jfbLsf] kl5 cQf] yfKg] lgot n's]sf] ljZn]if0f u/]sf 5g\  .

dfcf]jfbLnfO{ zflGt jftf{df Nofpg dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]Ng] ;/s/L jftf{ 6f]nLsf k"j{;+of]hs s[i0fk|;fb l;6f}nfsf cg';f/, clxn] ;ª\Vof tf]s]/ r'k nfu]/ a;]df s]xL lbgkl5 dfcf]jfbLn] csf]{ ljjfb v8f ug]{5 . pbfx/0fsf nflu– 5 xhf/ n8fs' ;dof]hg ug]{ ;xdlt eof] eg] dfcf]jfbL s]xL lbg r'k nfUg]5 . /, clg eGg yfNg]5– ;ª\Vofcg';f/sf bhf{x¿ :jtM xfdLn] kfpg'kb{5 . g]kfnL ;]gfsf] ;+/rgfcg';f/ tLg xhf/ ;}lgssf] Ps la|u]8 x'G5, h;sf] g]t[Tj la|u]l8o/ hg/n -;xfos/yL_ n] ub{5g\ eg] Toxf“ /xg] tLg j6f a6flnog -u0f_ sf] g]t[Tj dxf;]gfgLn] ub{5g\ . tL k|To]s dxf;]gfgLsf] sdfG8df b'O{ hgf k|d'v ;]gfgL x'G5g\ . pgLx¿sf dftxtdf emG8} b'O{ bh{g d]h/ sfo{/t x'G5g\ . o; cfwf/df x]bf{ dfcf]jfbLn] tLg xhf/ n8fs'sf cfwf/df dfq} Ps ;xfos/yL, tLg dxf;]gfgL, 5 k|d'v ;]gfgL / @$ ;]gfgL bfaL ug]{5 . olb 5 xhf/ ;ª\Vofdf ;xdlt x'g] xf] eg] of] ;ª\Vof bf]Aa/ x'g]5 / dfcf]jfbLn] yk Ps pk/yL -d]h/ hg/n_ bfaL ug]{5 . l;6f}nfn] eg]– …oxL bfaL ug{sf nflu clxn] dfcf]jfbLn] c¿ s'/f 5f]8]/ klxnf ;ª\Vofdf ;xdlt u/f}“ eGg] k|:tfj ul//x]sf] 5 .Ú

l;6f}nfsf cg';f/, dfcf]jfbLn] cfkm\gf] d'Vo afwssf ¿kdf g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ b]v]sf sf/0f g} ;]gfdfly ljutdf lagfsf/0f xft xfn]sf] atfP . To;df tTsfnLg /yL s'naxfb'/ v8\sfsf] bf]if gePsf] pNn]v ub}{ pgn] eg]– …Ps dlxgfdf 3/ hfg nfu]sf] hg]{nnfO{ tLg jif{sf nflu lrkm agfOlbg] xf] eg] pm cjZo klg agfpg]k|lt nf]on x'G5 / h] eGof] ToxL dfG5 . oxL eP/} dfcf]jfbLn] x7ft\ ?Sdfª\ubnfO{ x6fP/ s'naxfb'/nfO{ Nofpg vf]h]sf] lyof] .Ú pgsf cg';f/, dfcf]jfbLn] clxn] klg g]kfnL ;]gfd} Wofg lbO/x]sf] 5 . l;6f}nfn] k|Zg u/] …jl/i7tf qmddf cl3 /x]sf uf}/jzdz]/ /f0ffnfO{ klxnf / kl5 /x]sf g]kfne"if0f rGbnfO{ kl5 a9'jf ubf{ k|r08hLn] rf;f] b]vfpg'sf] sf/0f s] xf] <Ú pgn] cfkm\gf] k|Zgsf] cfkm}“ hjfkm lb“b} eg]– …ef]ln cfkm\gf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ aGof] eg] h;n] cfkm"n] eg]sf] dfG5, p;}nfO{ k|wfg;]gfklt agfpg kfOG5 eGg] of]hgfcGtu{t pgn] o:tf] rf;f] JoQm u/]sf x'g\ .Ú pgn] g]kfnL ;]gfdf hf] jl/i7 5, p;}nfO{ cl3 a9fpg] k/Dk/f /x]sf] pNn]v ub}{ To;df s;}n] klg ef“hf] xfNg gx'g] atfP .

g]kfnL ;]gfsf k|jQmf ;xfos/yL /dLGb| If]qLn] tNnf txsf hjfgdf ;dfof]hg ug{ ;lsP klg dflyNnf] txsf nflu dfkb08 gk'u];Dd bfaL u/]s} cfwf/df kb k|fKt x'g g;Sg] atfP . pgn] eg]– …bfaL ug'{ Pp6f s'/f xf]nf, t/ To;cg's"nsf] of]Uotf ePg eg] To:tf] bfaLsf] s]xL cy{ x'“b}g .Ú

k"j{u[xdGqL;d]t /x]sf l;6f}nfn] dfcf]jfbLn] n8fs's} e/df bDe k|bz{g ul//x]sf] ljZn]if0f ub}{ ljutdf o:tf] unf{g\ eGg] cfkm"x¿n] sNkgf gu/]sf] atfP . pgn] eg]– …xfdLn] lnlvt b:tfj]hdf x:tfIf/ u/]kl5 dfGnfg\ / sfof{Gjog xf]nf eGg] ljZjf; u¥of}“, t/ pgLx¿n] To;nfO{ /0fgLlts rfnsf ¿kdf dfq} k|of]u u/] . ToxL sf/0f 5 dlxgfdf x'g] elgPsf] n8fs' ;dfof]hg clxn];Dd x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .Ú

sfª\u|];–Pdfn] ldNg] xf] eg] zflGt k|lqmof cl3 a9fpg / dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;xL af6f]df Nofpg ;lsg] sfª\u|]; dxfdGqL;d]t /x]sf l;6f}nfn] atfP . …zflGt k|lqmof Ps sbd klg cl3 a9]gÚ– pgn] eg]– …lxhf] lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tf ubf{ h] l:ylt lyof], ToxL l:ylt 5, zflGt k|lqmofdf Ps kfOnf klg k|ult ePsf] 5}g .Ú o;sf] pbfx/0f k|:t't ub}{ pgn] eg]– …clxn] cgldg 5}g . olb dfcf]jfbLsf n8fs' ljz]if ;ldltsf] dftxtdf 5g\ eg] sG6]g/sf] ;f“rf] ljz]if ;ldltsf cWoIfsf x}l;otn] k|wfgdGqLnfO{ a'emfpgdf lsg s~h':ofO“ < lxhf] dfwjs'df/ g]kfnnfO{ zlQmvf]/df n8fs' x:tfGt/0f u/]em}“ clxn] emngfy vgfnnfO{ ;f“rf] x:tfGt/0f ug{ lsg cfgfsfgL <Ú


e/tdf]xgsf] ah]6df ;'/]Gb|sf] gfd

sf7df8f}“ . b'O{ jif{kl5 aNn lgoldt k|lqmofaf6 o; jif{sf] ah]6 Joj:yflksf–;+;b\af6 kfl/t t eof] . t/, ;a}eGbf a9L cfnf]rgf klg o;} ah]6n] Joxf]g'{k¥of] . ah]6df ;dfj]z sfo{qmdnfO{ lnP/ x'g] cfnf]rgf x/]s cy{dGqLn] Joxf]b}{ cfPs} x'g\ . t/, o; k6s cy{dGqL e/tdf]xg clwsf/Ln] ah]6 efif0fsf qmddf ePsf k|fljlws sdhf]/Lsf sf/0f yk cfnf]rgf v]Kg'k¥of] .

cfly{s jif{ )^*÷)^( sf] ah]6 efif0fsf qmddf cy{dGqL clwsf/Ln] c;f/ #! ut] efif0f ;'? ug'{cl3 g} dfkmL dfUg'k¥of] . ;+;b\df ah]6 efif0f k|:t't u/]kl5 dfq To;nfO{ aflx/ Nofpg] ;+;bLo Joj:yf xf] . t/, o;k6s dGqLn] ah]6 gk9\b} ah]6sf] kf7 kqklqsfdf dfq xf]Og, cy{ dGqfnos} j]a;fO6df klg cfO;s]sf] lyof] .

efif0f ;'? gx'“b} sfª\u]|; g]tf Pjd\ k"j{cy{dGqL 8f= /fdz/0f dxtn] xftdf klqsf af]s]/} ;"rgf klxn] r'xfPsf] eGb} cy{dGqLsf] cfnf]rgf u/] . To;k|lt dfkmL dfUb} cy{dGqL e/tdf]xg clwsf/Ln] ah]6 kf7 ug{ ;'? s] u/]sf lyP, Pskl5 csf]{ ub}{ sdhf]/L pbfª\lub} uP . sfª\u]|;s} /d]z n]vsn] …j]a;fO6df ah]6 cfO;s]sf] 5Ú eGb} cfnf]rgf ugf{;fy /f]lsPsf cy{dGqLn] km]l/ k9\g ;'? s] u/]sf lyP, k5fl8sf] l;6af6 /fk|kf g]kfnsf rGb|axfb'/ u'?ª s8\lsg yfn] . nfk/afxL klg slt;Dd eg] u'?ªnfO{ lbOPsf] ah]6 k'l:tsf o; jif{sf] ah]6sf] geP/ cl3Nnf] jif{sf] /x]sf] . p:t} /ªsf] cfj/0f /x]sf] k'l:tsfdf cy{dGqL ;'/]Gb| kf08]sf] gfd lyof] .

u'?ªn] k"j{cy{dGqL kf08]n] tof/ kf/]sf] cl3Nnf] jif{sf] ah]6 k'l:tsf b]vfp“bf ;efxn g} xf“;f]n] u'lGhPsf] lyof] . ah]6 efif0f ;'? gx'“b} ah]6sf] k"0f{kf7 cy{dGqfnosf] j]a;fO6d} cfO;s]sf] lyof] eg] ptf uf]kgLotf /fVgsf nflu eGb} kqsf/x¿nfO{ eg] efif0f ;'? ePsf] Ps 3G6fkl5 kqsf/ sIfdf nu]/ k'l:tsf af“l8Psf] lyof] .

ah]6 efif0f ;'? ePkl5 g;lsp~h]n aLrdf c¿n] af]Ng gkfOg] k/Dk/f klg o; k6s kfngf ePg . o; k6s ah]6 efif0fsf aLrdf ;efd'v ;'jf; g]Djfª :jod\n] cfwf bh{g k6s …s] ef] dfggLoHo" <Ú eg]/ ;f]Wg'k¥of] . ;efd'vnfO{ EofOgEofO{ lyof]– Pp6fnfO{ …a:g'xf];\ dfggLoHo"Ú eGgf;fy psf]{ h'?Ss} p7\Yof] . ;du|df o; k6ssf] ah]6 efif0f lgs} eb|uf]nk"0f{ aGof] .

aLr–aLrdf ;+;bLo dof{bfljk/Lt ;ef;b\x¿af6 ePsf lgodfklQaLr cy{dGqL clwsf/Ln] rfn" cfly{s jif{sf nflu # va{ *$ ca{ () s/f]8 ?lkof“sf] cg'dflgt ah]6 k]; u/]sf lyP .

kf“r k|ltzt cfly{s a[l4sf] nIo;lxt k|:t't ah]6df ;fwf/0f vr{tkm{ @ va{ ^^ ca{ ^! s/f]8, k'“hLut vr{df &@ ca{ ^! s/f]8 ?lkof“ 5'§ØfPsf] . cl3Nnf] jif{sf] eGbf $& ca{ a9Lsf] of] ah]6df ;fjf e'QmfgLtkm{ @) ca{ #) s/f]8 @( nfv ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] 5 . ^& ca{ ^ s/f]8sf] 3f6f /x]sf] ah]6df /fh:jaf6 $! ca{ && s/f]8, ;f“jf lkmtf{ k|flKtaf6 % ca{ (# s/f]8, j}b]lzs cg'bfgaf6 &) ca{ !# s/f]8 Joxf]l/g] / 3f6f x'g] ^& s/f]8 ^ ?lkof“ j}b]lzs / cfGtl/s C0faf6 k"lt{ ul/g] nIo /flvPsf] 5 .

c;f/ #) ut] g} cy{dGqLn] ;+;b\df ah]6 k|:t't ug]{ sfo{qmd eP klg dw];L bnsf sf/0f /f]lsPsf] lyof] . ef]lnkN6 ! ah]6sf nflu ah]6sf] ;do tf]lsP klg dw];L bn;“u ;xdlt x'g l9nf ePkl5 ;f“em % ah] ah]6 ;'? ePsf] lyof] .

ah]6 efif0f ;lsPsf] !% ldg]6sf nflu :ylut ul/P klg b'O{ 3G6fkl5 ;'? ePsf] ;+;b\ a}7sdf ;efd'v ;'jf; g]Djfªn] /fi6« C0f p7fpg] k]:sL vr{ ljw]os k]; ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

k]:sL vr{ ljw]osdfly ;f]xL lbg 5nkmn eO{ ;j{;Ddltn] kfl/t ePsf] lyof] . ah]6dfly eg] cfufdL c;f/ * ut]b]lv bkmfjf/ 5nkmn x'g] sfo{qmd 5 .


w'lnv]ndf w'dwfd

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] w'lnv]ndf ug{ nfu]sf] sfo{zfnfsf] tof/L k"/f ePsf] 5 . e]nfdf ;xefuL x'g] cltly / ;xefuLx¿sf] cfjf; tyf ef]hg Joj:yf eO;s]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 .

Joj:yfkgsf] lhDd]jf/L lnPsf] g]skf -Pdfn]_ sfe]| lhNnf sld6Ln] tof/L ;s]sfn] ca aflx/ b]lvg] sfddf h'6\g] hgfPsf] 5 . cWoIf uf]s'n af:sf]6fsf cg';f/ cfhaf6 gu/sf rf]srf]sdf kf6L{sf] emG8f /fVg], t'n 6f“Ug] / :jfutåf/ lgdf{0f ul/g]5 . tof/Lsf] cj:yf a'em\g ;ª\u7g ljefu k|d'v;d]t /xg'ePsf dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nnufot s]Gb|Lo sfof{nosf] 6f]nL cfh} w'lnv]n hfg] atfOPsf] 5 . w'lnv]n …nh PG8 l/;f]6{Úsf] d'Vo xndf sfo{zfnf x'g]5 eg] ;xefuLx¿sf] cjf;sf nflu rf/ j6f xf]6]n a'lsª ul/Psf] 5 .

;f] l/;f]6{;“u} xf]6]n …ld/fanÚ, …xf]/fOhgÚ / …lk|G;];Ú df ;xefuLx¿nfO{ /fVg] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . sl/a b'O{ ;o hgfsf] ;xeflutf /xg] ;f] e]nfsf] pb\3f6g;q eg] w'dwfdsf ;fy ul/g] ePsf] 5 . sl/a 8]9 3G6fdf ;Sg] u/L to ePsf] sfo{qmddf k|wfgdGqL;d]t /xg'ePsf cWoIf emngfy vgfn, jl/i7 g]tf Pjd\ k"j{k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfn, :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o s]kL zdf{ cf]nL, dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nnufot :yfoL ;ldltsf g]tfx¿sf] ;xeflutf /xg]5 .

ljefun] ljleGg lhNnf / c~rn sld6Laf6 k|fKt ;'emfj a'em\g] sfd ul//x]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . c;f/ d;fGt;Dd ;'emfj a'emfpg dftxt sld6LnfO{ lgb]{zg ul/Psf] lyof] . t/, ;DalGwt sld6L k"j{lgwf{l/t sfo{qmddf Jo:t x'g'k/]sf] / 5nkmndf l9nfO ePsfn] kl;{ ^ ut];Dd ;'emfj ;ª\sng ul/g] ;ª\u7g ljefusf ;lrj 1fgaxfb'/ e'h]nn] hfgsf/L lbP . ljwfgdf ug'{kg]{ ;dofg's"n ;'emfjsf ljifodf uDeL/ 5nkmn x'g] ePsfn] sfo{zfnfdf s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿nfO{ ;xefuL u/fOg'kg]{ dfu p7]sf] 5 .


;+:yfkssf] ;Demgf

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf ;+:yfks dxf;lrj k'iknfnsf] :d[lt lbj; eJo ¿kdf dgfOg] ePsf] 5 . oxL c;f/ & ut] sLlt{k'/l:yt rDkfb]jLdf x'g] ljz]if sfo{qmd k'iknfn :d[lt k|lti7fgn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] xf] .
k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnsf] k|d'v cfltYodf x'g] k'iknfnsf] ##cf}“ :d[lt ;efdf ;+lIfKt sfo{qmd /flvPsf] 5 . zflnsdf dfNofk{0f, j[Iff/f]k0f, k'/:sf/ ljt/0f / >4f~hln;ef /flvPsf] 5 . :d[lt k|lti7fgn] o;kfln xflh/ hjfkm / lgaGw k|ltof]lutf;d]t u/]sf] lyof] . lxhf] ;DkGg cGt/SofDk; xflh/ hjfkm k|ltof]lutfdf g]kfn sd;{ klxnf], lqrGb| bf];|f], /Tg/fHo t];|f] / kz'klt SofDk;n] ;fGTjgf :yfg k|fKt u/]sf] 5 . k'/:s[t l6dnfO{ k|wfgdGqL vgfnsf xftaf6 gub k'/:sf/, k'iknfnsf /rgf / k|df0fkq lbg] atfOPsf] 5 .


dw];L 6'qm}6'qmf

sf7df8f}“ . PsfPs pbfPsf dw];jfbL bnx¿ 6'lqmg] qmd hf/L 5 . hftLotf / If]qLotfsf] gf/f prfn]/ /fli6«o /fhgLltdf cfPsf oL bnx¿ r/d :jfy{ / cfTds]lGb|t /fhgLltsf sf/0f 6'lqm“b} uPsf 5g\ .

o;} qmddf t/fO{sf] ;a}eGbf k'/fgf] bn ;b\efjgf kf6L{ 5}6f}“ k6s ljeflht ePsf] 5 . ;ª\3Lo ;b\efjgf kf6L{ bn Tofu P]gcg';f/ $) k|ltzt ;ef;b\ lnP/ ;ef;b\ clgns'df/ emf cnlUuPsf 5g\ .

dw];jfbnfO{ gof“ 9ª\un] p7fpg] c7f]6sf ;fy uh]Gb|gf/fo0f l;+xåf/f :yflkt of] kf6L{ gf} k6s ljeflht eO;s]sf] 5 . To;dWo] csf]{ kf6L{ ;b\efjgf -cfgGbL_ klg cl:tTjd} 5, h;sf] g]t[Tj ;l/tf lu/Ln] ul//x]sL 5g\ .

;b\efjgf kf6L{ klxnf] k6s )%) ;fndf ljeflht ePsf] lyof] . Tolta]nf ;+:yfks cWoIf uh]Gb|gf/fo0f l;+xaf6 /fdhgd ltjf/L 5'l§Psf lyP . )%! ;fndf xfn ;b\efjgfsf cWoIf /x]sf /fh]Gb| dxtf] 5'l§Psf lyP . pgn] ;dfhjfbL hgtf bn u7g u/] / km]l/ ;b\efjgfd} kmls{P .

sl/a cf7 jif{ ;f] kf6L{df s'g} lju|x b]lvPg . t/, @)%( ;fndf ab|L d08nn] kf6L{ ljeflht u/]/ km]l/ km'6sf] k'/fgf] z[ª\vnfnfO{ hf]8] . h'ga]nf cfgGbb]jL l;+x kf6L{ cWoIf lyOg\ . )^% ;fndf ;f] kf6L{af6 /fh]Gb| dxtf] cnlUuPsf lyP . pgsf] r/d ;Qf nfnf; / cfTds]lGb|t lrGtg Pjd\ cfly{s ckf/blz{tfsf] sf/0f b]vfp“b} emfn] kf6L{ ljefhg u/]sf 5g\ . g]kfnsf] /fli6«o /fhgLltdf /fh]Gb| dxtf] o:tf g]tf x'g\, h;nfO{ hlxn] klg ;/sf/df hfg'k5{ . cem To;df klg jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfno g} pgnfO{ rflxG5 . ptf, ;l/tf lu/L ;d"xaf6 5'l§P/ tLg kf6L{ u7g eO;s]sf 5g\ . Zofd;'Gb/ u'Ktf, ;'zLnf d08n / ljsf;s'df/ ltjf/Ln] cfkm\g} kf6L{ rnfp“b} cfPsf 5g\ .

kf6L{leq dxtf]sf] dgk/Llj?4 emfn] c;Gt'li6 hgfPkl5 ;f] kf6L{n] ;fwf/0f ;b:o;d]t g/xg] u/L sf/afxL u/]sf] lyof] . c;f/ !% ut] g} kf6L{sf ;xdxfdGqL dlgifs'df/ ;'dgn] ;+;b\ ;lrjfnodf emfnfO{ ;ef;b\af6 x6fpg lgj]bg lbPsf lyP . t/, ;+;b\n] ;f] k|lqmof ga9fPkl5 dxtf] cfqmf]lzt ePsf 5g\ . dxtf]n] ;fwf/0f ;b:oaf6 lgisfl;t JolQmn] kf6L{ ljefhg ug'{ j}w gx'g] eGb} olb bnsf] dfGotf lbP ;efd'vlj?4 cfGbf]ng ug]{ r]tfjgL lbPsf 5g\ . t/, ;+;b\ ;lrjfno ;|f]tn] eGof], …bnnfO{ j}wtf lbg] jf glbg] lhDdf lgjf{rg cfof]u jf ;jf]{Rr cbfntsf] xf], dxtf]n] ;+;b\ / ;efd'v;“u cfqmf]z kf]Vb} lx“8\g'sf] cy{ 5}g .Ú

l;4fGtxLg /fhgLltsf] kl/0ffd dw];jfbLn] v'b|f Joj;fo ;~rfng ul//x]sf 5g\ . ptf, dw]; cfGbf]ngaf6 pbfPsf] dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d rf}yf] k6s ljeflht eO;s]sf] 5 eg] t/fO{ dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{ b'O{ 6'qmfdf ljeflht eO;s]sf] 5 . km'6]/ uPsf] kf6L{ km]l/ ljeflht x'g gkfOg] ePsfn] dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d -nf]stflGqs_ km]l/ ljeflhg x'gaf6 /f]lsPsf] 5 . pRr ;|f]tsf cg';f/, ;f] kf6L{sf ;ef;b\ ;~hos'df/ ;fxn] !! hgf ;ef;b\sf] ;"rL tof/ kf/]/ /fv]sf 5g\ . t/, gof“ bn u7g P]gn] /f]s]sf sf/0f pgsf] of]hgf ;kmn x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .


7s'/L klg y'gfdf

sf7df8f}“ . ax'rlr{t ;'8fg sf08s} sf/0f k|x/L dxflg/LIfsaf6 x6fO{ k|wfgdGqLsf ;'/Iff ;Nnfxsf/ agfOPsf /d]z rGb 7s'/L klg y'gfdf k/]sf 5g\ . ;'8fgdf k|x/Lsf ;fdfg k7fp“bf clGtd b'O{ ls:tf e'QmfgL lbPsf] eGb} dª\unaf/ ljz]if cbfntn] dfu]sf] ;ft s/f]8 w/f}6L a'emfpg g;Sbf pgL l8NnLahf/ h]n rnfg ePsf x'g\ .

ljz]if cbfntsf cWoIf uf}/Laxfb'/ sfsL{ tyf ;b:oåo cf]dk|sfz ld> / s]bf/k|;fb rfln;]sf] Ohnf;n] lbge/ ;'g'jfO ub}{ …kl5 k|df0f a'em\b} hf“bf 7x/ u/]adf]lhd x'g] u/LÚ 7s'/L;“u tTsfnsf nflu ;ft s/f]8 w/f}6L dfu]sf] lyof] .

;'8fg sf08df cf/f]lkt k"j{;lxt #$ k|x/L clws[tdWo] xfn;Dd k"j{cltl/Qm dxflg/LIfs bLk]Gb|axfb'/ lji6n] Ps s/f]8, P;kL Zofdaxfb'/ v8\sfn] &) nfv / 8LP;kL lbg]z s];Ln] #% nfv w/f}6L a'emfP/ tf/]vdf 5'6]sf 5g\ eg] kf“r s/f]8 w/f}6L a'emfpg g;s]sf sf/0f k"j{dxflg/LIfs u'?ª klg l8NnLahf/d} y'gfdf 5g\ .
tTsfnLg dxflg/LIfs cf]dljqmd /f0ffsf] kfnfdf ePsf] ;Demf}tfsf] …a's kmf];{ nf]gÚ cGtu{t u'?ªn] Ps ls:tf / 7s'/Ln] b'O{ ls:tf e'QmfgL lbPsf atfp“b} cfPsf lyP . clVtof/n] ;fdfg s:tf] 5 eGg] x]b}{ gx]/L e'QmfgL lbP/ $# s/f]8sf] vl/bdf #$ s/f]8 e|i6frf/ u/]sf] eGb} ut h]7 @$ ut] b'O{ 7]s]bf/;lxt pgLx¿dfly d'2f bfo/ u/]sf] lyof] . ;Demf}tf ug]{ tTsfnLg dxflg/LIfs /f0ff eg] cem} cbfntdf pkl:yt ePsf 5}gg\ .


d]lG8«h kqmfp

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfndf a;f]af; ub}{ cfPsf g]kfnL d"nsf ljjfbf:kb cd]l/sL gful/s rfN;{ d]lG8«h dª\unaf/ kqmfp k/]sf 5g\ . g]kfndf lqml:rog wd{ k|rf/sf ;fy} rLglj/f]wL ultljlwsf d'Vo of]hgfsf/ dflgg] d]lG8«hnfO{ kmhL{ r]s lbPsf] cleof]udf kqmfp ul/Psf] sf7df8f}“sf k|x/L k|d'v s]bf/ l/hfnn] atfP .

d]lG8«hn] ;ª\ud OlG6Ro'6 gfds ;+:yfdfkm{t g]kfndf slyt :jtGq ltAatsf kIfdf ultljlwx¿ ub}{ cfPsf] cfzª\sf k|x/Ln] ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . u[x dGqfnosf] pRr ;|f]tsf cg';f/, d]lG8«hsf ultljlwx¿sf af/]df dGqfnon] kl5Nnf lbgx¿df lgu/fgL a9fO/x]sf] 5 . …pgL sxf“ hfG5g\ / s] ub{5g\ eGg]af/]df lgu/fgL a9fOPsf] lyof]Ú– Ps ;'/Iff clwsf/Ln] eg]– …pgn] ldq /fi6« rLgsf lj?4 g]kfndf ultljlwx¿ ul/x/]sf l/kf]6{ xfdLx¿sxf“ cfO/x]sf] 5 .Ú

g]kfndf lqml:roflg6L a9fpgsf nflu d]lG8«h lqmofzLn /x]sf lyP . g]kfnL /fd|f];“u af]Ng] pgL sfª\u|]; g]t[ ;'hftf sf]O/fnfsf cToGt ljZjf;kfq dflgG5g\ . olt;Dd ls sf]O/fnf pkk|wfgdGqL x'“bf ;/sf/L cf]xbfsf JolQmafx]s kfl/jfl/s ;Lldt JolQmn] dfq} efu lng kfpg] zky u|x0fdf klg pgn] d]lG8«hnfO{ lnP/ uPsL lyOg\ .

o; k6s csf{ ljb]zL gful/s cn]SHofG8/ af]l/;n] d]lG8«haf6 k|fKt r]s g;fl6Psf] eGb} ph'/L lbPkl5 pgL kqmfp k/]sf x'g\ . xf]6n ;f]N6Lsf] cToGt} dx“uf] dflgg] uf];fOs'08 ;'O6df a:g] ub{y], hxf“ Ps ;do ljZjs} wgf9\osf ¿kdf k|rfl/t /;]Gb| e§/fO{ klg a;]sf lyP .


;ef;b\sL 5f]/L ufoa

sf7df8f}“ . blnt hghflt kf6L{sf cWoIf Pjd\ ;ef;b\ ljz]Gb| kf;jfgsL 5f]/L ljBfno kf];fsd} ufoa ePsL 5g\ . cfkm\g} afa'sf] kf6L{ sfof{nosf ;xof]uL;“u j}jflxs ;DaGw uf“:g] u/L 5f]/L lx“8]sL eP klg ;ef;b\ kf;jfgn] eg] 5f]/Lsf] ckx/0f ePsf] bfaL u/]sf 5g\ .

uf}zfnfl:yt Kof/fug ljBfnodf ;ft sIffdf cWoog/t kf;jfgsL 5f]/L nlntf c;f/ !( ut] kf6L{ sfof{nosf ;xof]uL /fhnfn vTj];“u lx“8]sf] / pgLx¿aLr k]|d–;DaGw /lxcfPsf] atfOG5 . t/, ;ef;b\ kf;jfg of] s'/f :jLsfb}{gg\ . …d]/L gfaflns 5f]/Lsf] ckx/0f ePsf] 5 / 5f]/L vf]hL kfp“ eg]/ d}n] ;/sf/, k|x/L k|zf;g / ;efd'v;“u klg cfu|x ul/;s]sf] 5'Ú– kf;jfgn] eg] . )%# r}t @% ut] hlGdPsL !$ jifL{o 5f]/L c;f/ !( ut] ljBfnoaf6 3/ kms{+b} ubf{ ckxl/t ePsf] pgn] bfaL u/] . 5f]/LnfO{ vTj]n] eufPsf] s'/fnfO{ pgn] 7f8} c:jLsf/ klg u/]gg\ . pgn] eg]– …5f]/L x/fPsf] kf“r lbg;Dd klg vTj] d;“u} lyP . pgn] klg kSs} ckx/0f ePsf] 5 eGy], t/ To;otf pgL klg a]kQf ePsf 5g\ .Ú  vTj] cfkm\gf] ;xof]uL gePsf] lhls/ ub}{ kf;jfgn] vTj];“u c¿ kf“r÷5 hgf JolQm klg km/f/ /x]sf] t/ ltgsf] gfd clxNo} ;fj{hlgs ug{ gldNg] atfP .

;a}eGbf p208 / c/fhs ;ef;b\ eg]/ lrlgg] kf;jfgn] 5f]/LnfO{ eufpg]nfO{ …hxf“ e]6\of] ToxL“ uf]nL xfg]/ dfg'{Ú eGb} t/fO{sf s]xL ;z:q ;d"xnfO{ k};f lbPsf] ;dfrf/ klg aflx/ cfPsf] 5 . o;nfO{ k"/} c:jLsf/ ub}{ kf;jfgn] eg]– …d}n] To:tf] pbL{ u/]sf] k|dfl0ft eP d[To'b08 lbP x'G5 .Ú t/, pgsf] ljutsf] ;GsL cfr/0f x]bf{ pgn] To:tf] pbL{ lbPgg\ xf]nf eGg ufx|f] 5 . kf;jfg tLg} ;ef;b\ x'g\, h;n] s]xL dlxgfcl3 hftLo ;dfgtfsf] d'2f ;Daf]wg x'g 7"nf bnn] grfx]sf] cf/f]k nufp“b} ;+ljwfg;efsf] ljjfb ;dfwfg pk;ldltsf] a}7saf6} s';L{ km\of“s]sf lyP eg] To;sf] s]xL ;dokl5 l/;n] cfkm"n] nufPsf] n'uf klg Roft]sf lyP . hftLo ;dfgtfsf rsf{ s'/f ug]{ kf;jfgeGbf vTj] tNnf] hftsf] ePsfn] 5f]/LnfO{ 5'6fpg k|oTg ul//x]sf] atfOG5 .


7sk|;fbsf] 7luPsf] efUo

a]gL . dfcf]jfbLn] cfkm\gf a'af t'nk|;fb k'hf{nfO{ gdfbf{ x'g\ t clxn] 7sk|;fb k'hf{nfO{ pRr lzIffsf nflu # xhf/ & ;o ?lkof“ h'6fpg olt d'l:sn kg]{ lyPg . t/, clxn] Tolt /sd h'6fpg g;Sbf pgL pRr lzIffaf6 jl~rt x'g] cj:yfdf k'u]sf 5g\ .

bf]jf uflj;–* sf 7f]sk|;fbn] g]kfndf ev{/ ;'? ePsf] v'nf ljBfno sfo{qmdcGtu{t ;b/d'sfd a]gLl:yt k|sfz pRrdfljaf6 @)^& ;fnsf] P;Pn;L k/LIffdf ;xefuL eO{ låtLo >]0fLdf pQL0f{ u/]sf lyP . t/, # xhf/ & ;o ?lkof“ a'emfpg g;s]kl5 k|df0fkq / nAwfª\skq lbPsf] 5}g .

…d;“u k};f 5}g . ljBfnodf g} k9\g] eP z'Ns nfUb}g . gq ?lkof“ ga'emfO{ k|df0fkq / nAwfª\skq lbg ldNb}g eg] . d}n] s;/L k};f a'emfpg] <Ú– pgn] eg]– …c¿sf] 3/df uf]7fnf] a;]/ k9\5' eGbf klg gkfpg] eP“ .Ú pgnfO{ kf]v/fsf] km"naf/Ldf /x]sf ufp“s} cfkmGtn] a]n'sf–laxfg pgsf] ufO{uf]7 / s/];faf/L :ofxfg]{ / lbp“;f] k9fO lbg] eg]sf 5g\ .

)%( ebf} @& ut] dfcf]jfbLn] afa' t'nk|;fbsf] xTof u/]kl5 gf} jif{d} 6'x'/f ePsf 7sk|;fb cfdf eLddfofn] bf];|f] ljjfx u/]kl5 pgL k"0f{tM c;xfo 5g\ . k9fO 5f]8]/ cfkmGtsf] 3/df uf]7fnf] a:b} cfPsf pgL ;/sf/n] åGåkLl8t afnaflnsfnfO{ 5fqj[lQ lbPkl5 v'nf ljBfnoaf6 P;Pn;Ldf ;fd]n ePsf lyP .

…k|df0fkq z'Ns a9]sf] 5 . c¿ ljBfnon] #% ;o lng] u/]sfn] xfd|f ;/x¿n] klg 7saxfb'/nfO{ To;f] eg] xf]nfg\ . ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf] a}7saf6 lg0f{o lnG5'Ú–k|frfo{ bof;fu/ zdf{n] atfP .

bf]jf uflj;sf k"j{cWoIf tyf Pdfn]sf lhNnf ;Nnfxsf/ t'nk|;fb k'hf{sf] dfcf]jfbLn] 3f“6L /]6]/ xTof u/]kl5 >LdtL eLddfofn] nlnt k'g;“u bf];|f] ljjfx u/]sL 5g\ . PSnf 7sk|;fb sl/j ;ft jif{ cfkmGtsf]df e]8f uf]7fnf] ePsf lyP . k'Vof{}nL 3/df )^% kmfu'g * ut] :yfgLo afns ;'zLnn] cfuf] nufOlbPkl5 7sk|;fb 3/ g 3f6sf] cj:yfdf 5g\ . …Oi6ldqn] t dfof u5{g\, dfofn] dfq af“Rg g;lsg] /x]5Ú– pgn] ;'gfP .

lhNnf klg p:t}

s]Gb|Lo :t/df k'iksdn bfxfn, afa'/fd e§/fO{ / df]xg j}BaLr ljjfb r'lnPsf a]nf DofUbLdf klg cfGtl/s ljjfb rls{Psf] 5 . bfxfn kIfw/ ;ef;b\ uf]ljGb kf}8]n, ;x–OGrfh{ b]j/fh ;'j]bL, ;b:o 7fs'/k|;fb cfrfo{, s'zn kf}8]nsf] ;d"x / j}B kIfw/ lhNnf OGrfh{ ldqz/0f zdf{, ;]q]6/L nfn' ls;fg kIfaLr dgd'6fj tLj| ag]sf] 5 .

ljjfbs} sf/0f gu/ ljsf; ;ldlt / c:ktfn ljsf; ;ldltdf ePsf] /fhgLlts lgo'lQm;d]t ljjflbt ag]sf] 5 . bfxfn kIfw/ ;ef;b\ kf}8]nn] lhNnfsf] lg0f{oljk/Lt lgo'lQm u/fPsf] eGb} j}B kIfw/n] gu/ ljsf; ;ldlt / c:ktfn ljsf; ;ldltsf kbfwLsf/LnfO{ /fhLgfdf lbg bafa lbg yfn]sf 5g\ .

e§/fO{ kIfw/ 6f]kaxfb'/ /fodfemLn] g]t[Tj u/]sf] ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0f dGqfnon] a]gL gu/ ljsf; ;ldltsf] cWoIfdf z]/axfb'/ s];L / bfxfn kIfw/ zlQmaxfb'/ a:g]tn] g]t[Tj u/]sf] :jf:Yo dGqfnon] c:ktfn ljsf; ;ldltsf] cWoIfdf cfOt/fd kl/of/nfO{ lgo'Qm u/]sf] lyof] . ljjfbsf sf/0f pgLx¿n] kbef/ u|x0f u/]sf 5}gg\ .

lhNnfsf] lg0f{oljk/Lt lgo'lQm ul/Psfn] a}7sn] /fhLgfdf lbg nufpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] lhNnf ;lrj nfn' ls;fgn] atfP . t/, bfxfn kIfw/ lhNnf ;b:o 7fs'/ cfrfo{n] eg] lg0f{o ug'{ gkg]{ atfP .

– ;s'Gtnf ;fksf]6f


gle{sdf gof“ xf6{ sdfG8 ;]G6/

sf7df8f}“ . gle{s OG6/g];gn xl:k6nn] lgdf{0f u/]sf] uª\ufb]jL rf}w/L xf8{ sdfG8 ;]G6/sf] ut xKtf ef/tsf k|Voft x[bo/f]u ljz]if1 tyf d]bfGt xf6{ OlG:6Ro'6sf cWoIf 8f= /jL cf/ sf;nLjfnn] pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . ;f] cj;/df pxf“n] …ld;gM ;]e xf6{ / 6«dfÚ @$ sf] gof“ ;]jfsf] klg pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

xf6{ sdfG8 ;]G6/df cTofw'lgs / ;'ljwf;DkGg !! zøof /x]sf] / tL hl6n k|sf/sf d'6'sf /f]uLx¿sf] pkrf/sf nflu pko'Qm x'g] lsl;dn] agfOPsf] c:ktfnn] hgfPsf] 5 .

xf6{ sdfG8 ;]G6/ cg'ejL x[bo/f]u ljz]if1, x[bo/f]u zNolrlsT;s, pRr ;Lko'Qm k|fljlws / bIf gl;{ª sd{rf/Lx¿n] ;';lHht /x]sf] / g]kfndf cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] pRr pkrf/ ;]jf pknAw u/fpg] atfOPsf] 5 . gle{ssf] x[bo/f]u pkrf/ sfo{qmddf g]kfndf ;jf]{Ts[i6 / cGt/f{li6«o dfkb08adf]lhdsf] PlGhof]Knfl:6s ;]jf, sf]/f]g/L cf6{/L afOkf; u|fkm\6 -d'6'sf] zNolqmof_ h:tf k|lqmofx¿ ;dfj]z 5g\ .

ld;g M ;]e xf6{sf] p2]Zo s;}nfO{ x[bof3ft ePsf] v08df jf s;}sf] d'6'n] sfd ug{ 5f]8]sf cj:yfdf p;sf] Hofg s;/L arfpg] /x]sf] eGb} 8f= sf;nLjfnn] ljut s]xL ;dootf g]kfndf gle{s ;jf]{Ts[i6 x[bo/f]u s]Gb|sf ¿kdf kl/lrt / o;sf clt j}lzi6\o ;]jfx¿df x[bo/f]usf ;fy;fy}, Go'/f];h{/L, cyf]{k]l8s ;h{/Lnufotsf ;]jf /x]sf] atfP . gle{s /fi6«d} cTofw'lgs SofyNofa ;]jfsf] z'ef/De ug]{ k|yd xl:k6n ePsf sf/0f o;n] x[bo/f]usf] pkrf/df cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf b'j} OGe]l;e / gg OGe]l;e ;]jf pknAw u/fp“b} cfPsf] pgsf] egfO lyof] .

gle{sn] :yfgLo PDa'n]G; ;]jf k|bfos ;+:yf jf JolQmnfO{ sfl8{of]–kNdf]g/L /];fO6];g / 8]lkmla|n];gh:tf k|lqmofx¿df tflnd pknAw u/fpg] of]hgf;d]t agfPsf] 5 . tL k|lqmofn] x[bof3ftsf sf/0f x[boult aGb ePsf la/fdLx¿sf] x[boult k'gM ;~rfngdf Nofpg d2t ug]{5g\ / ltgsf] hLjg arfpg d2t k'Ug] atfOPsf] 5 . la/fdLsf] x[bof3ft ePsf] jf d'6'sf] ult aGb ePsf] Ps 306f h;nfO{ …uf]N8]g cfj/Ú elgG5, ;f] cjlw la/fdLsf] Hofg arfpg / p;sf] hLjgsf] :t/ sfod /fVg cToGt} dxŒjk"0f{ x'g] ub{5 . uf]N8]g cfj/sf] dxŒjaf/] k|sfz kfb}{ la/fdLnfO{ ;f] cjlwleq pko'Qm x[bo/f]u pkrf/ s]Gb|sf] cfsl:ds sIfdf k'¥ofO;Sg'kg]{ ckl/xfo{tfaf/] klg ;]jf pb\3f6g sfo{qmddf atfOof] .

sfo{qmddf O{;LhL cg lx\jN; of]hgfsf] ;d]t pb\3f]if ul/Psf] lyof] . s'g} JolQmnfO{ 3/df jf sfof{nodf crfgs 5ftLsf] kL8f ePdf lghn] jf lghsf cfkmGtn] gle{sdf kmf]g ubf{ df]afOn O{;LhL;lxtsf :jf:Yo sfo{stf{ lghsf] lgjf; jf sfo{:ynd} k'uL O{;LhL lng] tyf ;f] O{;LhL df]afOn O{;LhLdfkm{t gle{ssf x[bo/f]u ljz]if1sxf“ k7fpg] ub{5g\ . ljz]if1n] ;f] O{;LhL cWoog u/L la/fdLnfO{ x[bof3ft eP÷gePsf] lgSof}{n ug]{5g\ . /, ;f]xLadf]lhd pkrf/sf ljlwx¿ to ul/g]5 . ;]jfsf nflu (*)!))!@#$ jf x6nfOgM $!)!^))÷$!)!^)! df kmf]g ug'{kg]{ c:ktfnn] atfPsf] 5 .


u[xdf $& ;d:of ^$ ;'emfj

sf7df8f}“ . ;+ljwfg;ef tyf Joj:yflksf–;+;b\cGtu{tsf] /fHo Joj:yf ;ldltn] u[x dGqfnoleq $& j6f ;d:of ePsf] lgSof]{n ub}{ ;dfwfgsf nflu ^$ j6f ;'emfj lbPsf] 5 .

;ldltn] k|wfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\sf] sfof{no, u[x, /Iff / ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfno tyf clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg, nf]s;]jf / lgjf{rg cfof]usf] cg'udg, d"Nofª\sg / cfjZos /fo ;'emfjsf] clVtof/L kfPsf] 5 . )^* ;fnleq tL lgsfodfly u/]sf] cWoogsf] k|ltj]bg ;fj{hlgs ub}{ ;ldltn] ;a}eGbf a9L ;d:of u[x dGqfnoleq} /x]sf] b]vfPsf] 5 / ;a}eGbf w]/} ;'emfj klg p;}nfO{ lbPsf] 5 .

u[x dGqfnoleq vf;u/L g]kfn k|x/Ldf a9L ;d:of /x]sf] ;ldltsf] k|ltj]bgn] b]vfPsf] 5 . ;ª\u7gsf] cfjZostfeGbf klg JolQmut kxndf b/aGbL yk36 x'g] u/]sf], ;'/Iff lgsfo hgtfsf] ldqsf ¿kdf :yflkt x'g g;s]sf], k|x/L dxfljBfnosf nflu cfjZos k"jf{wf/ gePsf], k|x/L PsfOsf] hgzlQm / ;fwg;|f]t cfjZostfcg';f/ gePsf], cfk/flws 36gfdf ;+nUg JolQmsf] l8lh6n clen]v x'g g;s]sf], åGåsfndf Iflt ePsf k|x/L PsfO k'gMlgdf{0f gx'“bf cem} ef8f / aª\s/df a;]/ ;'/Iff k|bfg u/]sf]nufotsf ;d:of u[x dGqfnoleq /x]sf] k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v 5 . tL ;d:of ;dfwfgsf nflu k|x/L P]g, @)!@ ;+zf]wg ug{ jf gof“ k|x/L P]g th'{df ug{ rf“8f] ;f];DaGwL ljw]os ;+;b\df k]; ug'{kg]{, cfjZos hgzlQmsf cfwf/df dfq b/aGbL yk36 ug'{kg]{, dxfljBfnosf nflu cfjZos ;fwg;|f]t pknAw u/fpg'kg]{nufotsf ;'emfj lbPsf] 5 . To;afx]s ;+o'Qm /fi6«;ª\3sf] zflGt :yfkgf sfo{df hfg]x¿sf] aGbf]a:tLsf ;fdfg, hgzlQm / cGo cfjZos pks/0fsf] hu]8f Joj:yfkgnfO{ pRr k|fyldstf lbg'kg]{, ;f] ld;gsf nflu ;Dk"0f{ ;fwg;|f]t vl/b u/L ;f]sf] zf]wegf{ l;w} g]kfn ;/sf/n] k|fKt ug]{ u/L cfjZos gLlt lgod th'{df ug'{kg]{nufotsf ;'emfj lbOPsf] 5 .
To:t}, ;ldltn] k|wfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\sf] sfof{nodf d"ntM !( j6f sdhf]/L /x]sf] pNn]v u/L ;dfwfgsf lglDt @# j6f ;'emfj lbPsf] 5 . ;d:ofsf] unt klxrfg ug]{, cg'udg Joj:yf sdhf]/, k[i7kf]if0fsf] cefj, of]hgf agfp“bf gSsn ug]{ k|j[lQ a9L ePsf] h:tf ;d:of b]vfOPsf] 5 . ;ldltn] ;f] sfof{nonfO{ ;/sf/ kl/jt{g;“u} dGqfno / ;ª\Vof kl/jt{g x'g] sfo{ /f]Sg To;;DaGwL P]gdf g} lgwf{/0f ug'{kg]{, ;ft lbgleq ;DklQ ljj/0f a'emfpg'kg]{ Joj:yfnfO{ s8fOsf ;fy nfu" u/fpg'kg]{, k|wfgdGqL, dGqL jf ;f] ;/xsf ljleGg kbdf lgo'Qm :jsLo ;lrj, ;Nnfxsf/h:tf kbsf] lglZrttf;lxt cfjZos kg]{ of]Uotf, cg'ej, sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ Pjd\ ;]jf / ;'ljwfdf :ki6 dfkb08;lxtsf] sfg'gL Joj:yf th'{df ug{ ;'emfj lbPsf] 5 . k|ltj]bgdf /Iff dGqfnoleqsf ;d:ofnfO{ @% a'“bfdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 eg] ;dfwfgsf nflu #$ j6f ;'emfj lbOPsf] 5 .

;]gfsf clwsf+z hxfh tyf x]lnsf]K6/ rfn" cj:yfdf g/x]sf], gof“ xftxltof/sf] sdL /x]sf], kf“rvfndf :yfkgf u/]sf] tflnd s]Gb|df k|lzIf0f lng] :jb]zL Pjd\ ljb]zL k|lzIffyL{nfO{ lbOg] ;'ljwfdf Ps¿ktf gePsf]h:tf ;d:of b]vfOPsf] 5 . ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnoleq kbk"lt{ ubf{ ;docg';f/ gof“ ;f]rsf] hgzlQm lbg g;s]sf], j[lQ ljsf;sf] cjwf/0ffaf/] :yfoL b[li6sf]0f aGg g;s]sf], sd{rf/Lx¿aLr km'6 /x]sf], /fhgLlts l:y/tf gePsf]h:tf] @* j6f ;d:of b]vfOPsf] 5 . clVtof/ cg';Gwfg cfof]u nfdf] ;dob]lv cfo'QmljxLg ePsf] ljifonfO{ uDeL/ ;d:ofsf] ¿kdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 eg] cfof]uleqsf ;d:of ;dfwfgsf nflu !# a'“b] ;'emfj lbPsf] 5 . ;+j}wflgs lgsfosf kbx¿sf] k|lt cljnDa ug'{kg]{, Toxf“ sfo{/t sd{rf/Lx¿sf] ;?jf ubf{ cfof]usf] k"j{:jLs[lt lng'kg]{, cfof]usf] ;fª\u7flgs ;+/rgfnfO{ lhNnf tx;Dd k'¥ofpg'kg]{nufotsf ;'emfj lbOPsf] 5 . ;+j}wflgs lgsfocGtu{t lgjf{rg cfof]u / nf]s;]jf cfof]usf ;d:of / ;'emfj klg clVtof/;“u ldNbfh'Nbf /x]sf 5g\ .


pN6} Pdfn]nfO{ d'2f †

cf]vn9'ª\uf . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:o 5lj sfsL{sf d'Vo xTof/fx¿nfO{ ;+/If0f ul//x]sf] dfcf]jfbLn] Pdfn]sf lhDd]jf/ g]tflj?4 em"6f cf/f]k nufP/ ljifoj:t' w'ldn kfg{ u/]sf] k|of; c;kmn ePsf] 5 .

s]xL cleo'Qm kqmfp k/] klg d'Vo cleo'Qm cem} dfcf]jfbL ;+/If0fd} /x]sf a]nf dfcf]jfbLn] :juL{o sfsL{sf] :d[lt lbj;;d]t dgfpg glbg] of]hgf agfPsf] lyof] . t/, cf]vn9'ª\ufh:tf] kxf8L lhNnfdf ;d]t xhf/f}“sf] hg;xeflutfdf ut c;f/ @$ ut] :juL{o sfsL{sf] eJo :d[lt;ef dgfOPsf] lyof] . ckf/ hg;xeflutfaf6 cQflnPsf] dfcf]jfbLn] anafx'sf] ;w}“ lj/f]w ub}{ ljrf/sf cfwf/df hgtfdf hfg] Pdfn] g]tfx¿nfO{ cf]vn9'ª\uf 36gf;“u hf]8]/ b'ik|rf/ u/]sf] 5 . :d[lt;efdf ;Daf]wg ug{ kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o Pjd\ k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v k|bLk 1jfnL cf]vn9'ª\uf k'Ug'ePsf] lyof] .

ljzfn h'n';df Pdfn] sfo{stf{ dfq xf]Og, ;j{;fwf/0f hgtf / s]xL 3';k}7Lofx¿;d]t k'Ug ;Sg] vt/f 5“b} lyof] . ToxLdfly ut jif{ aa{/ lgd{d 9ª\un] 5ljsf] xTof ul/Psf] 36gf ;a}sf] dfg;k6ndf t/ª\lut x'g yfNg' :jfefljs g} eof] . cfqmf]lzt eL8 dfcf]jfbLsf] Onfsf g+= @ l:yt kf6L{ sfof{nosf] af6f] x'“b} hf“bf s;}n] ;fOgaf]8{ lgsflnlbPsf] 36gfnfO{ dfcf]jfbLn] cltzof]lQmk"0f{ 9ª\un] k|rf/ ub}{ Pdfn] g]tfx¿nfO{ d'5\g] k|of; u/]sf] lyof] . tTsfn} dfcf]jfbLsf lhNnf ;xOGrfh{ v8\u of]uLn] lj1lKt hf/L u/L 36gfdf Pdfn]sf] ;+nUgtf /x]sf] cf/f]k nufPsf lyP . dfcf]jfbLn] ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj u/]sf] kf6L{ Pdfn]sf] lhDd]jf/ g]tf 1jfnL pkl:ylt / lhNnf cWoIf o1/fh ;'g'jf/sf] lgb]{zgdf tf]8kmf]8 ePsf] cf/f]k nufPsf] lyof] .

36gfnuQ} cWoIf ;'g'jf/n] 36gf dfcf]jfbLs} cfGtl/s dte]bsf sf/0f l;lh{t 3';k}7af6 ePsf] x'g ;Sg] k|ltlqmof lbPsf lyP . 36gfsf] lgikIf 5fglag ug{ cfu|x ub}{ pgn] olb cfqmf]lzt eL8af6 ePsf] xf] eg] zf]s;efsf] cfof]hssf] x}l;otn] To;sf] g}lts lhDd]jf/L Pdfn]n] g} lng] k|lta4tf hgfPsf lyP . o;s} cfwf/df lhNnf cWoIf ;'g'jf/, ;lrjfno ;b:o zª\s/ s6jfn / k|hftflGqs /fli6«o o'jf ;ª\3sf lhNnf pkfWoIf Pjd\ o'ykmf];{ k|d'v a'4nfn >]i7nfO{ dfcf]jfbLn] em"6f d'2f nufpg vf]h]sf] lyof] . t/, lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nodf k|zf;g k|d'v tLg kf6L{ dfcf]jfbL, sfª\u]|; / Pdfn];lxtsf] a}7sn] ljjfb ;'NemfPsf] 5 . tLg bnLo ;xdltdf Iflt k'u]sf] ;fOgaf]8{ :yfgLo afl;Gbfsf tkm{af6 /flvlbg] / Pdfn]sf] tkm{af6 lj1lKt hf/L ub}{ 36gfdf b'Mv JoQm ug]{ / ;TotYo kQf nufpg ;xof]u ug]{ k|lta4tf hgfpg] pNn]v 5 .

Ps jif{ k'Ubf klg d'Vo cleo'Qmx¿ kqmfp kg{ ;s]sf 5}gg\ . dfcf]jfbL lhNnf sld6L ;b:o 6Lsf e'h]n, rGb|axfb'/ sfsL{, nfnaxfb'/ e'h]n, clvn l3ld/], ljdz{/fh l3ld/], lbnaxfb'/ ;fsL{ / b]jaxfb'/ s6jfnn] eg] cfkm}“n] xTof u/]sf] :jLsf/ u/]sfn] pgLx¿ clxn] k|x/L lgoGq0fdf 5g\ . t/, sfsL{sf d'Vo xTof/f ljrf/ elgg] ljb'/ ;'j]bL, cl8u elgg] ob'gfy l3ld/], bLks s6'jfn, gj/fh a:g]t, d'Vo of]hgfsf/ afns[i0f 9'ª\u]nnufot ;ft hgf eg] clxn];Dd km/f/ 5g\ . dfcf]jfbLn] xTof/fnfO{ sf/afxL ug'{sf] ;§f pN6} ;+/If0f / k'/:s[t u/]/ ljb'/nfO{ k|jf;sf] lhDd]jf/L lbP/ ef/t k7fPsf] 5 . cleo'QmnfO{ s8f sf/afxL ug'{kg]{df pN6} u[x dGqfnosf] k|efjdf h:s]nfaf6 d'2f lkmtf{ lng] tof/L ul/Psf]df cf]vn9'ª\uf lhNnf sld6Ln] s8f cfklQ hgfPsf] 5 .


dlxnf g]t[sf] lgwg

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ s~rgk'/ lhNnf sld6Lsf ;b:o lgd{nf ;'j]bLsf] z'qmaf/ lgwg ePsf] 5 . kf6L{ sfdsf] l;nl;nfdf 3/af6 cQl/of hf“b} ubf{ c;f/ @$ ut] df]6/;fOsn b'3{6gfdf k/L uDeL/ 3fOt] x'g'ePsL pxf“sf] /fhwfgLdf pkrf/sf qmddf lgwg ePsf] xf] .

b'3{6gfdf k/]kl5 cr]t cj:yfdf /xg'ePsL ;'j]bLnfO{ Go'/f] xl:k6n af“;af/Ldf egf{ ul/Psf] lyof] . ;'j]bLsf] lgwgaf6 Pdfn]n] Ps Odfgbf/, nugzLn, lgi7fjfg / ;ª\3if{zLn dlxnf g]t[ u'dfPsf] atfPsf] 5 . sfof{no ;lrj k/z'd]3L u'?ªåf/f hf/L lj1lKtdf pxf“sf] lgwgn] kf6L{nfO{ ck"/0fLo Iflt ePsf] pNn]v 5 . …kf6L{, qmflGt / ;fdflhs kl/jt{gsf lglDt lbg'ePsf] of]ubfgaf6 lzIff ln“b} pxf“sf cw'/f ;kgfx¿nfO{ k"/f ug]{ k|0f ub{5Ú– hf/L zf]s jQmJodf pNn]v 5 .

pxf“ s~rgk'/sf /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:o v]daxfb'/ ;'j]bLsL hLjg;ª\lugL x'g'x'GYof] . pxf“sf b'O{ 5f]/f / Ps 5f]/L x'g'x'G5 . )!* sflQs @& ut] af“s]df hlGdPsL ;'j]bL )$^ ;fnb]lv kf6L{df cfa4 x'g'x'GYof] .

cfdfsf] lgwg

g]skf -Pdfn]_ Ho]i7 sDo'lg:6 d~rsf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o g]qk|;fb uf}tdsL dftf tyf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fh]Gb| uf}tdsL xh'/cfdf lji0f'dfofsf] ;ª\v'jf;efsf] r}gk'/df cfOtaf/ lgwg ePsf] 5 .

Pdfn]n] zf]s jQmJo hf/L ub}{ pxf“k|lt >4f~hln ck{0f u/]sf] 5 . s]Gb||Lo ;lrjfno ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnLåf/f hf/L jQmJodf lji0f'dfof kf6L{nfO{ cfb/, ;Ddfg / dfof ug]{ cleefjs ePsf] pNn]v 5 . g]kfnsf] jfdkGyL cfGbf]ngsf] cu|ultsf nflu ;ª\s6k"0f{ l:yltdf klg cfdf lji0f'dfofn] cfkm\gf] ;Gtfgx¿ /fhgLltdf nfUg k]|l/t ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;lrj 1jfnLåf/f hf/L lj1lKtdf …xfd|f] kf6L{ zf]ssf] o; 38Ldf pxf“k|lt >4f~hln ck{0f ub}{ dft[zf]sdf ljx\jn /xg'ePsf sd/]8 g]q / /fh]Gb| uf}td tyf ;Dk"0f{ zf]s–;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf JoQm ub{5 .Ú pxf“ ** jifL{sL x'g'x'GYof] .


‘r}t] eGg] <’ eGb} /fdw'nfO

sf7df8f}“ . Sofl;gf] e]g;df sfo{/t dfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{kIfLo dhb'/ zDe' s6'jfnn] rf/ lbgsf] aLrdf b'O{ k6s s'6fO vfPsf 5g\ . cfkm"x¿nfO{ s6'jfnn] …r}t]Ú eg]sf] eGb} zflns/fd hd/s§]nlgs6 dhb'/x¿n] lk6]sf x'g\ .

klxnf] k6s ut ;f]daf/ /flt s6'jfn lkl6Psf lyP . pgnfO{ hd/s§]nlgs6 dhb'/x¿n] k6sk6s afa'/fd lsQfdf nfu]/ dhb'/df ;ª\u7g gug{ lgb]{zg lbPsf lyP . t/, hjfkmdf s6'jfnn] …d gd/];Dd afa'/fds} nflu ;ª\u7g u5'{, ltdLx¿n] dnfO{ dfg{ ;Sb}gf“}Ú eGb} r'gf}tL lbPsf lyP . t/, hlteGbf klg ;ª\u7g lgdf{0f g/f]s]sf] eGb} e]g; dhb'/ o'lgogsf ;lrj /fhg lu/L tyf ;b:ox¿ /d]znfn >]i7 / tf/fgfy nfld5fg]sf] ;d"xn] s6'jfnnfO{ lk6]sf] lyof] . lk6\g] tLg} hgf hd/s§]nlgs6 x'g\ . lkl6Pkl5 s6'jfnn] ;~rf/ dfWoddf uP/ …cfkm"nfO{ r}t] dfcf]jfbLx¿n] lk6]sf]Ú eGb} cGtjf{tf{ lbPsf lyP . To;kl5, ut laxLaf/ /flt tL tLg hgfn] g} s6'jfnnfO{ …xfdLnfO{ r}t] eGg] <Ú eGb} km]l/ d/0ff;Gg x'g] u/L lk6]sf x'g\ .

s6'jfn ;lxb kl/jf/sf ;b:o x'g\ . pgsf afa' rqm s6'jfn )%* ;fnb]lv a]kQf 5g\ eg] dfdf e/t /fpt )%( ;fndf ;]gfåf/f dfl/Psf lyP . åGåsfnb]lv g} dfcf]jfbLdf ;lqmo s6'jfnn] cfkm"nfO{ kl5 cj;/ vf]Hb} dfcf]jfbL l5/]sf] …r}t]Ún] lk6]sf] atfp“b} cfPsf 5g\ .


a3f}8f cfkm\g}af6 hfg kfOg]

g]kfnuGh . ef/t ;/sf/sf] k"0f{ cg'bfgdf af“s]sf] /fKtLkfl/ a3f}8f If]qdf oftfoft ;]jf k'¥ofpg cfufdL cfly{s jif{leq} kSsL ;8s lgdf{0fsf] sfd ;'? x'g] ePsf] 5 . x'nfsL /fhdfu{ cfof]hgfsf] of]hgf sfof{no g]kfnuGhsf cg';f/ $$ lsnf]ld6/ nfdf] g]kfnuGh–a3f}8f ;8sv08sf] ;f9] ;ft ld6/ rf}8fOdf # ld6/ &% ;]lG6ld6/ sfnf]kq] ul/g]5 .

hL0f{ ;8ssf sf/0f /fKtLkfl/sf uª\ufk'/, d6}of, sfnfkmf“6f, g/}gfk'/, s6s'Oof“sf afl;Gbf ef/tLo af6f] k|of]u u/]/ ;b'/d'sfd g]kfnuGh k'Ug afWo 5g\ . ;8sdf kg]{ hUufsf] d'cfAhf / ljB't\sf kf]n ;fg]{ k|lqmof x'nfsL /fhdfu{sf] of]hgf sfof{non] u/]sf] 5 . ef/t ;/sf/n] cg'bfgdf ;8s lgdf{0f ug{ nfu] klg hUufsf] d'cfAhf, ;8ssf] bfof“afof“ !% ld6/leq /x]sf ljB't\sf kf]n ;fg]{ / k'n lgdf{0fsf] sfd eg] g]kfn ;/sf/n] g} ug]{5 .

a3f}8f ;8sdf d'cfAhfsf] ;d:of b]lvPsf] 5 . cl3Nnf] k6s d'cfAhfsf nflu ! xhf/ @ ;o hgfsf] nut ;ª\sng u/L d'cfAhf ljt/0fsf] k|lqmof ;'? u/]sf]df ljjfb ePkl5 xfn k'gM d'cfAhfsf nflu nut ;ª\sng x'“b}5 .

ef/t ;/sf/n] a3f}8f;“u} alb{ofsf] #% lsnf]ld6/ nfdf] e'/Lufp“–u'nl/of–d'lt{of / bfªsf] ## lsnf]ld6/ nfdf] ndxL–sf]Onfjf; ;8sv08 klg lgdf{0f ub}{ 5 . bfª\df $ j6f kSsL k'n lgdf{0f x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . alb{ofdf klxn] g} d'cfAhfsf] sfd ;lsPsf sf/0f xfn ljB't\sf kf]n ;fg]{ k|lqmof ;'? ePsf] 5 .

g]kfn ;/sf/n] hUufsf] d'cfAhfsf nflu % s/f]8, k'n lgdf{0fsf nflu ! s/f]8 #) nfv / kf]n ;fg{ !) nfv ?lkof“ 5'§ØfPsf] 5 .

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