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d'Vo ;dfrf/
 
u[x 5f]8]/} ;/sf/df cfpg dfcf]jfbL afWo

sf7df8f}“ . zflGt k|lqmofn] 7f]; ¿k glnP;Dd ;'/Iff;DaGwL dGqfno dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lbg gx'g] g]skf -Pdfn]_sf] lg0f{o cg'¿k g} cl3 a9\g cGttM dfcf]jfbL afWo ePsf] 5 . o;cl3 u[x dGqfnonfO{ k|lti7fsf] ljifo eGb} ;/sf/df ;xefuL gx'g] lg0f{o u/]sf] dfcf]jfbLn] cfh} Tof] bfaL 5f8]/ ;/sf/df ;xefuL x'g] lg0f{o ub}{ 5 . To;sf nflu dfcf]jfbLn] cfh laxfg ;ft ah] :yfoL ;ldltsf] a}7s af]nfPsf] 5 . laxfg a:g] :yfoL ;ldltsf] a}7sn] ;/sf/df ;xefuL x'g] dGqLx¿sf] klg 6'ª\uf] nufpg] / ;f“em;Dd dfcf]jfbLaf6 k|:tfljt kf“r hgfn] ljefuLo lhDd]jf/L;lxt dGqLsf] zky lng] a'lemPsf] 5 .

;/sf/df ;xefuL gx'g] ut kmfu'g % ut]sf] lg0f{o pN6\ofpg dfcf]jfbLn] lxh} laxfg ;ft ah] :yfoL ;ldltsf] a}7s af]nfPsf] lyof] . ;/sf/df hfg] lg0f{o u/]/ dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ ug]{ tof/Ldf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] lxhf] cfsl:ds a}7s 8fs]sf lyP . t/, g]qljqmd rGb, lbgfgfy zdf{nufotsf s]xL :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o a}7sdf cg'kl:yt ePkl5 lxhf]sf] a}7s s]xL lg0f{odf gk'uL cfh laxfg;Ddsf nflu :ylut ul/Psf] lyof] .

cfkm\g} ;dy{gdf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnnfO{ k|wfgdGqL lgjf{lrt u/]otf dfcf]jfbLn] x/]s a}7sdf 9'nd'n] lg0f{o ub}{ cfPsf] lyof] . Pdfn] :yfoL sld6Ln] u[x, lzIff / cy{ dGqfno;lxtsf] lhDd]jf/L lbg] lg0f{o u/]/ cfkm\gf tLg g]tfnfO{ zkyu|x0f u/fPkl5 u[xsf] bfaL ub}{ lalRsPsf] dfcf]jfbLn] u[x gkfP;Dd ;/sf/df ;xefuL gx'g] lg0f{o lnPsf] lyof] . t/, o;aLrdf ePsf b'O{bnLo 5nkmn dfq xf]Og, k|wfgdGqL / dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfnaLrsf k6sk6ssf uf]Ko a}7skl5 cGttM dfcf]jfbL ;/sf/df hfg] s'/fdf ;sf/fTds ePsf] xf] . k|wfgdGqLlgs6 ;|f]tn] eGof]– …dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/sf ljifodf b]lvPsf ;a} ljjfb 6'ª\luPsf 5g\, afx| 3G6fsf] aLrdf s'g} crDdsf] 36gf ePg eg] cfh} ;fgf] cfsf/sf] dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ x'g]5 .Ú

u[x dGqfno kfpg] s'/fdf yf]/} klg cfzf geP klg dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/nfO{ emG8} Ps dlxgf;Dd dfcf]jfbLn] cNemfp“b} cfPsf] lyof] . Tolt dfq xf]Og, cfOtaf/ /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht Ps ;fj{hlgs sfo{qmddf sfo{stf{nfO{ hgljb|f]xsf nflu tof/ /xg lgb]{zg lbPsf dfcf]jfbL cWoIf To;} lbg a]n'sL / ;f]daf/ laxfg dGqfno af“6kmf“6af/] 5nkmn ug{ afn'jf6f/ k'u]sf lyP . ;f]daf/ laxfg k|wfgdGqL vgfn / bfxfnaLr ePsf] 5nkmkl5 dGqfno af“6kmf“6sf] ljjfbsf d"n ¿k 6'ª\UofOPsf] lyof] . k|wfgdGqLlgs6 ;|f]tn] eGof]– …dGqfno af“6kmf“6sf] ljifo klg 6'ª\luPsf] 5 . u[x Pdfn]n] /fVg] ;xdlt ag]sf] 5, Ps÷b'O{ j6f dGqfnodf dfq} 6'ª\lug af“sL 5g\ .Ú

k|wfgdGqL;“u dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ ug]{ k|lta4tf;lxt ;f]daf/ laxfg afn'jf6f/af6 aflx/ lg:s]sf bfxfn To;kl5 b'O{ kf6L{aLr Pdfn] ;+;bLo bndf ePsf] 5nkmndf efu lng k'u]sf lyP . k|wfgdGqL vgfn cg'kl:yt ;f] a}7sdf ;d]t afn'jf6f/df ;'NemfO;s]sf] u[xsf] bfaL dfcf]jfbLn] /fVg 5f8]sf] lyPg .

k|wfgdGqL;“u ePsf] s'/fsfgLsf] …l:k|6Úcg';f/ g} lg0f{o u/fpg bfxfnn] lxhf] :yfoL ;ldlt a}7s 8fs]sf lyP . dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tn] eGof]– …bfxfn k]n]/} eP klg u[x 5f8]/ ;/sf/df hfg] lg0f{o u/fpg cfpg'ePsf] /x]5 . t/, pkfWoIfåo df]xg j}B / 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] cfklQ k|s6 u/]kl5 lg0f{o u/fpg ;Sg'ePg . oBlk o;sf] cy{ u[xs} bfaL b'O{ pkfWoIfsf] xf]Og . ;a} ;b:o pkl:yt gePsf] a}7saf6 lg0f{o ln“bf ckf/bzL{ x'G5 eGg] pkfWoIfåon] eg]kl5 a}7s cfh;Ddsf nflu :ylut ul/Psf] xf] .Ú

Pdfn]n] e/tdf]xg clwsf/LnfO{ cy{, lji0f' kf}8]nnfO{ u[x / uª\ufnfn t'nfwf/nfO{ lzIffdGqL agfpg] ;j{;Ddt lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . clwsf/Ln] sfo{ef/ kfP klg b'O{ dGqLn] clxn];Dd dGqfno kfpg'ePsf] 5}g .

cy{ klg 5f8\of]

k|lti7fsf] ljifo eg]sf] u[x 5f8\g tof/ ePsf] dfcf]jfbLn] cy{ dGqfno lng cfPsf] k|:tfj klg :jLsf/ gu/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, ;f]daf/sf] jftf{df Pdfn] g]tfn] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ u[x 5f8\g a? pkk|wfgdGqL;lxt cy{ dGqfno lnP/ ;/sf/df ;xeflutf hgfpg cfu|x u/]sf lyP . of] k|:tfj :jLsf/ ubf{ pkfWoIf e§/fO{sf] g]t[Tjdf ;xefuL x'g'kg]{ cj:yfaf6 bfxfn t 8/fPsf lyP g}, e§/fO{ :jod\n] klg c:jLsf/ u/]kl5 cy{ klg Pdfn]s} efudf k/]sf] 5 .

cfh ;fgf] dlGqd08n

k|wfgdGqL lgjf{lrt ePsf] emG8} Ps dlxgfkl5 k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] cfh kf“rb]lv ;ft ;b:o yk u/]/ dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ ug]{ a'lemPsf] 5 . lj:tfl/t dlGqd08ndf kf“r hgf ;b:o dfcf]jfbLaf6 x'g] / b'O{ hgf dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/daf6 Nofpg] tof/L eO/x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . af“6kmf“6 6'ª\luPsf] dGqfnodWo]af6} ljefuLo lhDd]jf/L lnP/ dfcf]jfbLaf6 k|:tfljt dGqLn] zky lng] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfn;“usf] s'/fsfgL p4[t ub}{ ;|f]tn] eGof]– …pkk|wfgdGqL / k//fi6«dGqLsf] lhDd]jf/L;lxt s[i0faxfb'/ dx/fsf] g]t[Tjdf kf“r hgfn] klxnf] r/0fdf zky lng]5g\ .Ú af“sL dGqLsf] gfd cfh a:g] :yfoL sld6L a}7sn] 6'ª\Uofpg] a'lemPsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, 6f]kaxfb'/ /fodfemL, b]j u'?ª, hok'/L 3tL{, v8\uaxfb'/ ljZjsdf{ / k|e" ;fxdWo]af6 kf“r hgf klxnf] r/0fdf dlGqd08ndf k7fpg] u[xsfo{ dfcf]jfbLn] u/]sf] 5 . klxnf] r/0fd} kmf]/dnfO{ klg Nofpg] k|of; eO/x]sf] 5 . kmf]/daf6 sDtLdf b'O{ hgfnfO{ cfh} zky v'jfpg] u/L k|wfgdGqLn] s'/f ul//xg'ePsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

;ª\Vof 6'ª\luof], s]xL dGqfno af“sL

dGqfno af“6kmf“6sf ljifodf ;ª\Vof 6'ª\luPsf] k|wfgdGqLlgs6 ;|f]tn] atfof] . ;|f]tsf cg';f/ k|wfgdGqL / dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfnaLr dfcf]jfbLn] !!, Pdfn]n] cf7, kmf]/dn] tLg / g]skf -dfn]_, g]skf -dfn]_ ;dfhjfbL_, t/fO{ dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{ g]kfn, g]skf ;+o'Qmnufotsf ;fgf bnnfO{ Ps–Ps dGqfno lbg] ;xdlt ePsf] 5 . dGqfnosf ljifodf eg] clwsf+z 6'ª\luP klg s]xL 6'ª\lug af“sL /x]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, jg / ko{6gdWo] Pdfn]n] s'g /fVg] / dfcf]jfbLnfO{ s'g lbg] eGg] 6'ª\luPsf] 5}g eg] ;~rf/ / lzIffdf oL b'j} bnsf cf–cfkm\g} bfaL 5g\ . To:t}, v]ns'b Pdfn] cfkm}“n] /fVg] ls ;fgf bnnfO{ lbg] eGg] 6'ª\uf] eO;s]sf] 5}g . kmf]/dnfO{ pmhf{ lbg]df eg] nueu ;xdlt alg;s]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 .

s;sf] efudf s'g <

Pdfn]

u[x, cy{, /Iff, :yfgLo ljsf;, ;fdfGo k|zf;g / >d tyf oftfoft .

dfcf]jfbL

k//fi6«, ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0f, dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf, e"ld;'wf/ tyf Joj:yf, zflGt tyf k'gMlgdf{0f, l;“rfO, sfg'g tyf Gofo / :jf:Yo tyf hg;ª\Vof .

cGo bn

pmhf{, ;+:s[lt, jftfj/0f, lj1fg tyf k|ljlw, jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{, pBf]u, s[lif tyf ;xsf/L .

6'ª\lug af“sL

lzIff, ko{6g tyf gful/s p8\8\og, jg tyf e";+/If0f, ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/, o'jf tyf v]ns'b .


afa'/fdnfO{ cfkm\g}n] /f]s]

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] pkk|wfgdGqL / cy{ dGqL;lxt ;/sf/df cfpg cgf}krfl/s cfu|x u/]kl5 dfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] ;f]daf/ ;f“em cfkm"lgs6 s]Gb|Lo g]tfnfO{ cfkm\g} lgjf;df 8fs]/ /fo÷;Nnfx lnPsf 5g\ .

;fg]kfdf e]nf ePsf lgs6:yx¿;“u e§/fO{n] cfkm"nfO{ To:tf] k|:tfj cfPsf] hfgsf/L u/fp“b} ;'emfj lnPsf 5g\ . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, pkl:yt ;a}n] Ps :j/df ;/sf/df ghfg e§/fO{nfO{ ;'emfj lbPsf lyP . dª\unaf/ laxfg} cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] :yfoL sld6Lsf] a}7s af]nfPsf] x'gfn] To;cl3 g} lg0f{o lng ;f]daf/ ;f“em g} e§/fO{n] lgs6:y u'xf/]sf] atfOG5 . …;+ljwfg tf]lsPs} ldltdf hf/L x'g] ;Defjgf klg 5}g / hgljb|f]x x'g]jfnf klg 5}gÚ– ;xof]uLn] lbPsf] ;'emfj p4[t ub}{ ;|f]tn] eGof]– …o:tf] a]nf ;/sf/df hfg' /fhgLlts eljio g} bfpdf /fVg' xf] . tkfO{+nfO{ km;fpg] if8\oGq eO/x]sf] 5 .Ú

emG8} b'O{ 3G6f rn]sf] 5nkmndf lgs6:yn] o:tf] ;'emfj lbPkl5 e§/fO{ kf6L{sf] g]t[Tj u/]/ ;/sf/df ghfg] dgl:yltdf k'u]sf] atfOG5 . e]nfdf e§/fO{lgs6 kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o 6f]kaxfb'/ /fodfemL, k|e" ;fx, gj/fh ;'j]bL, ef]hk'/f /fHo ;ldlt OGrfh{ eLdk|;fb uf}td, s]Gb|Lo ;b:o uª\ufgf/fo0f >]i7nufotsf] ;xeflutf lyof] .


cof]Uo n8fs' ck/fwdf

ag]kf . cgldgn] cof]Uo 7x¥ofPsf dfcf]jfbL n8fs' lzlj/af6 alxu{dg;“u} ckx/0f, n'6kf6 / rGbf ;ª\sngdf ;+nUg ePsf] tYo km]nf k/]sf] 5 . ck/fw u/]nuQ} pgLx¿n] /fhwfgLsf] vGgf ufd{]G6df /x]sf] jfO{;LPn SofDkdf uP/ ;+/If0f lng] u/]sf] klg k|x/L cg';Gwfgaf6 v'n]sf] 5 .

ag]kf–% gof“a:tLdf :yfoL a;f]af; u/L sf7df8f}“ ljZjljBfno xfO:s'n rf}sf]6df sIff !) df cWoog/t !$ jifL{o ;'lbk x'dfufO{+sf] ckx/0fkl5 pQm tYo ;fj{hlgs ePsf] xf]— . lzlj/af6 aflxl/Psf k"j{n8fs'sf] cj:yfsf af/]df ;/sf/ / dfcf]jfbL uDeL/ gaGg] xf] eg] o;n] d'n'snfO{ ck/flws/0ftkm{ pGd'v u/fpg]5 . o;cl3 ;fj{hlgs ePsf n'6kf6 / rf]/Lsf 36gfdf klg dfcf]jfbLsf cof]Uo n8fs'x¿sf] ;+nUgtf e]l6Psf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .

/fd]5fksf] vf“8fb]jL uflj;–@ sf Hjfnf elgg] /ljnfn tfdfª dfcf]jfbLsf n8fs' lyP . lzlj/ 5f8]nuQ} pgn] jfO{;LPnsf] ;Dks{df k'u]/ sfd ul//x]sf 5g\ . k|x/Ln] kqmfp ug{' s]xL lbgcl3 dfq} pgL vGgf ufd{]G6sf] SofDkdf a;]/ lglSnPsf lyP . )%( ;fndf ljBfnodf k9\bfk9\b} pgL dfcf]jfbLdf nfu]sf lyP . ;w}“ 3/df cfP/ a:g], vfg] / b]z–hgtfsf d'lQmsf nflu qmflGtsf/L lzIff cfjZos 5 eGg] u/]kl5 pgL dfcf]jfbLs} ;fydf lx“8]sf lyP . 5 dlxgfhlt kf6L{ sfdd} lqmofzLn /x] . To;kl5 pgL dfcf]jfbL ;]gfdf egf{ eP . l;Gw'kfNrf]ssf] ;b/d'sfd rf}tf/fdf ePsf] le8Gtdf pgL k|ToIf ;xefuL lyP . To;kl5 pgsf] sfo{If]q kl/jt{g eof] . /fhwfgLd} ;lqmo ePsf pgL clxn] !* jif{sf eP . pd]/ gk'u]s} sf/0f pgL cof]Uo 7xl/Psf lyP . /fhwfgLdf /x“bf pgn] kf6L{sf] sfd ;“u} ufp“s} bfh'x¿;“u uf8L rnfpg l;s] . sf]6]Zj/af6 rNg] rqmkysf] a; s]xL dlxgf rnfpg EofP . t/, pgsf] sfd kf6L{nfO{ ;"rgf lbg] / k/]sf] 7fp“df cfqmd0fdf hfg' lyof] . pgL uf8L rnfpg'cl3 ;xrfns ag]/ ;x/sf 3/flgof“x¿sf] 7]ufgf kQf nufpg] sfd ub{y] . /fhwfgLdf ePsf] rGbf k|s/0fdf ;d]t pgL ;xefuL x'Gy] . lbp“;f] uf8L rnfpg] / /ftL ;'/fsLsf] sfd ub{} hf“bf d'n'sdf hgcfGbf]ng eof] .

kf6L{n] pgnfO{ n8fs' ePs} cfwf/df zlQmvf]/ k7fpg] lg0f{o u¥of] . Hjfnfnufot ;of}“sf] ;ª\Vofdf n8fs' zlQmvf]/ uP . Toxf åGådf ;+nUgeGbf ev{/ k9]/ aflxl/Psf, ufp“df a]/f]huf/ ePsf / cem lxhf] dfcf]jfbL eGg] g?rfpg] o'jfx¿ /f]huf/sf nflu Totflt/ uPsf e]l6P . sdfG8/ z/0fsf] g]t[Tjdf pgL lzlj/df k'u]sf lyP . Hjfnf nfdf] ;do;Dd lzlj/d} a;] . ;/sf/n] tf]s]sf] tna pgn] slxNo} kfPgg\ . dfl;s rf/ xhf/ tna kfpg yfn]sf] ;ft dlxgfd} pgL aflxl/P . lzlj/ 5f8]sf] s]xL lbgd} pgL 3/ k'u] . 3/df pgn] ug{] sfd s]xL lyPg . pgL k'gM /fhwfgL cfP . jfO{;LPnsf] SofDkdf uP . ;a} s'/f atfP . kf6L{ sfdd} nfUg cfu|x u/]kl5 pgL cfkm"h:t} cof]Uo n8fs'x¿sf] vf]hLdf lx“8] . c¿ o'jfx¿nfO{ klg kf6L{d} ;xefuL x'g cfu|x ub{} pgL …8gÚ x¿sf] ;Dk{sdf k'u] .

sf7df8f}“df ePsf s]xL 36gfdf pgsf] ;+nUgtf ePsf] k|x/Ln] k'li6 u/]sf] 5 . pgn] cfkm" jfO{;LPndf sfo{/t /x]sf] k|x/Ldf aofg lbPsf 5g\ . afns ckx/0f ug{] lbg pgnfO{ w'lnv]n @* lsnf] 3/ ePsf /fs]z nfdfn] 6]lnkmf]g u/]/ ag]kf af]nfPsf lyP . ;w}em“} ;'lbk 6\o';g k9\g hfg] ;dodf /fs]zn] ;'lbksf] df]afOn gDa/df kmf]g u/]/ e]6\g af]nfP . /fs]zn] ;'lbknfO{ kf“r dlxgf klxnf @* lsnf] 3/ ePsf ljBfnosf ;fyLdfkm{t lrg]sf lyP . ;'lbknfO{ lrg]nuQ} /fs]zn] cf7 nfv ?lkof“ ;fk6 dfu]sf lyP . ;'lbksf afa' gfgLgfy !) jif{b]lv hfkfgsf] 6f]lsof]df sfd ub{} cfPsf 5g\ eg] cfdf g]qs'df/L 9sfn kf“r jif{b]lv pxL“ a:b} cfPsL 5g\ . ag]kfdf $ tn] 3/ lsg]/ 5f]/f ;'lbk / 5f]/L ;ljgfnfO{ efOx¿sf ;fydf 5f8]/ gfgLgfy hfkfg uPsf lyP . 5f]/L ;ljgf klg ljZjljBfnod} cWoog ub{} l5g\ . k9fO / 3/ vr{sf nflu eGb} afa'n] a}ª\sdf /flvlbPsf] s]xL nfv /sdsf] ;|f]t kQf nufP/ ;'lbknfO{ /fs]zn] cf7 nfv ;fk6 dfu]sf lyP . ;'lbknfO{ o;aLrdf df]6/;fOsn rnfpg pg} /fs]zn] l;sfPsf lyP .

;'lbkn] Ps k6s lbbL;“u df]6/;fOsn lsGg eg]sf lyP . ;ljgfn] k|j]lzsf kl/Iff ;s]nuQ} lslglbg] atfPkl5 ;'lbksf] …d'8 ckmÚ ePsf] lyof] . 6]:6 k/LIff ;s]/ pgL P;Pn;Lsf nflu lzIfssf] sf]7fd} 6\o';g k9\g hfg] u/]sf lyP . ;ft ut] zlgaf/sf] lbg lyof] . ;'lbksf ;fyLx¿ klxnf g} 3/ kmls{;s]sf lyP . lrg]sf] ;fyL /fs]zn] kmf]g u/]kl5 ;'lbk rf/bf]af6f]df k'u] . Toxf“ /fs]zsf] ;“u} csf{] df]6/;fOsn lyof] . /fs]zn] w'lnv]n;Dd 3'Dg hfg] eGb} ;'lbknfO{ df]6/;fOsn rnfpg lbof] . ;'lbkn] /fs]znfO{ kl5 /fv]/ df]6/;fOsn rnfP . csf{] df]6/;fOsn klg kl5 kl5 nfUof] . w'lnv]n a;kfs{ k'u]nuQ} ;'lbkn] df]6/;fOsn /f]s] . /fs]zn] ptf hfg] eGb} es'08] hfg] af6f] b]vfP . /fs]zn] df]6/;fOsn rnfP . ;'lbknfO{ aLrdf /fv] . csf{] dfG5] kl5 a:of] . c¿ rf/ j6f hlt df]6/;fOsn kl5–kl5 nfu] . sl/a tLg 3G6fsf] af6f] s'bfP . df]afOn vf];] . s]xL af]Ng lbPgg\ . ;'lbk gdf]a'4 uPsfn] Toxf“;Ddsf] 7]ufgf yfxf kfP . To;kl5 yfxf kfPgg\ . bfKrfsf] kLkn6f/df nu]/ pgnfO{ aGws agfOof] .

/fs]z / c¿ s]xL s]6fx¿ Hjfnf / cGo tLg hgfnfO{ 5f8]/ /fhwfgL cfP . cfOtaf/ cyf{t\ cf7 ut] lbp“;f] !!M@% df Hjfnfn] d]/f] df]afOnsf] (*)&#*^%^* af6 ;ljgfsf] 6]lnkmf]g gDa/ (*$!^#@@*! df kmf]g u/]/ efOsf] ;f; e]§fpg] eP @$ 3G6fleq 8]9 s/f]8 /sd hDdf ug{ eg] . Tolt dfu]kl5 %) nfv /sd cfp“5 eGg] p2]Zon] Tolt dfu]sf] Hjfnfn] kl5 atfP . Hjfnfn] o;cl3 klg o:tf] sfddf ;+nUg ePsf] :jLsf/] . t/, of] ckx/0fdf /fs]zsf] dfq} of]hgf ePsf] atfP . df]afOndf k};fsf] afu]{lgª ubf{ub{} sf7df8f}“sf] hf]/kf6L uflj;–@ hDa'8f“8faf6 b'O{ j6f df]6/;fOsn;lxt ckx/0f ug{]dWo]sf /fd]5fk lhNnf vf“8fb]jL 3/ ePsf !( jifL{o ;fO“nf eGg] ofdaxfb'/ df]QmfgnfO{ k|x/Ln] klqmof] . nuQ} sfe|] lhNnf uf]s'n] uflj; 3/ ePsf ljsf; of]~hgnfO{ ag]kfs} uf]bfdrf]saf6 kqmfp u¥of] . pgLx¿s} aofgsf cfwf/df !@ ut] laxLaf/ lbp“;f] uf]s0f{af6 Hjfnf elgg] /ljnfn tfdfªnfO{ kqmg k|x/L ;kmn eof] . ckx/0f ug{]dWo]sf gfOs] /fs]z nfdf, bfaf nfdf / /f]zg nfdf km/f/ 5g\ . k|x/Ln] pgLx¿nfO{ …df]:6 jfG6]8Ú sf] ;"rLdf /fvL vf]htnf; ;'? u/]sf] 5 .

ckx/0f ug{] ;d"xsf b'O{ ;b:o k|x/Lsf] sAhfdf k/]kl5 Hjfnfn] ;'lbknfO{ kLkn6f/af6 lx“8fP/ d+un6f/ NofO{ lu§L af]Sg] l6«k/df /fv]/ !! ut] /ftL ( ah] ag]kfsf] gfnfbf]af6f]df NofP/ 5fl8lbPsf lyP . Hjfnf / csf{ Ps ;fyL w'lnv]naf6} csf{] uf8L r9]/ sf7df8f}“ k'u]sf lyP . k|x/Ln] Hjfnf;“u} df]6/;fOsn lng af]nfPsf uf]s'n]–& 3/ ePsf g]Djfª of]~hgnfO{ ;d]t kqm]sf] 5 . pgsf] ;+nUgtfsf af/]df k|x/Ln] cg';Gwfg ul//x]sf] 5 .

k|x/Lsf] cg';Gwfgn] ckx/0fdf ;+nUg ePsfx¿ /fhgLlts ;+/If0fdf ePsf] b]vfPsf] 5 . ck/fw ub{} SofDkdf uP/ a:g yfn]kl5 Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no ag]kfn] ;DalGwt If]qsf] k|x/L sfof{nonfO{ lgu/fgLsf nflu kq sf6]sf] 5 . k|x/L lg/LIfs ;Gtf]if tfdfªn] ckx/0fdf ;+nUg ;a}nfO{ sfg'gL bfo/fdf Nofpg] atfP . tfdfª Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no ag]kf cfPkl5 ck/fwsf 36gf sd x'g yfn]sf] :yfgLon] atfPsf 5g\ . k|x/Lsf] ;lqmotfn] dfq} ;'lbk ckx/0f d'Qm ePsf] kl/jf/n] atfPsf 5g\ .

– nId0f ltdlN;gf


dfcf]jfbLdf km]l/ csf]{ b:tf

sf7df8f}“ . PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_sf] ljeflht dhb'/ ;ª\u7g clvn g]kfn 6]«8 o'lgog dxf;ª\3 t];|f] 6'qmfdf rf]Ol6g nfu] klg tTsfnsf nflu 6/]sf] 5 .

cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnlgs6 zflns/fd hd/s§]n g]t[Tjsf] dxf;ª\3nfO{ pkfWoIf df]xg j}Blgs6 ab|L ahufO{+n] 6'qm\ofO;s]sf 5g\ . gof“ ;dfgfGt/ sld6L u7g ePsf] !% lbg glaTb} zlgaf/ csf{ pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ ;dy{s dhb'/n] emG8}–emG8} t];|f] sld6L lgdf{0f u/]sf lyP . bfxfn / j}Bn] cf–cfkm\g} dhb'/ sld6L u7g u/]kl5 …xfdL klg s] sd <Ú eGb} e§/fO{ kIfw/ dhb'/x¿ zlgaf/ gof“ afg]Zj/l:yt OGb]|0fL km'8NofG8df e]nf ePsf lyP . To; e]nfsf] g]t[Tj dxf;ª\3sf pkdxf;lrj nfnWjh g]Djfªn] u/]sf lyP . emG8} rf/ ;o dhb'/sf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] e]nfdf e§/fO{sf] klg ;xeflutf lyof] . e]nfdf clwsf+z dhb'/n] hd/s§]nnfO{ cgfjZos 9ª\un] sf“w yfk]/ ;ª\u7gnfO{ etfe'ª\u agfPsf] eGb} bfxfnsf] cfnf]rgf u/]sf lyP .

b'O{ lbgcl3 g} zlgaf/ Tof] e]nf x'“b}5 eGg] ;'Osf] kfP/} bfxfnn] z'qmaf/ :yfoL sld6Lsf] a}7s af]nfP/ hd/s§]n g]t[Tjsf] dxf;ª\3 eª\u u/fPsf lyP . dxf;ª\3sf] sfo{;ldlt eª\u u/fP klg bfxfn hd/s§]nnfO{ g} clwj]zgaf6 g]t[Tjdf Nofpg] v]ndf /x]sf] eGb} e§/fO{ kIfLo dhb'/n] s8f cfnf]rgf u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . gof“ clwj]zg cfof]hs ;ldltsf] ;+of]hs hd/s§]nnfO{ g} agfPsf]df pgLx¿n] bfxfnsf] v'n]/ cfnf]rgf u/]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . …la|kms];df k};f k'¥ofp“5 eGb}df unt dfG5]nfO{ af]Sg' t ePg lg †Ú– ;xefuLn] bfxfnnfO{ Oª\lut ub}{ eg]sf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . hd/s§]nfO{ ;+of]hs s'g} xfntdf gtf]Sg :yfoL ;ldltsf clwsf+z ;b:on] bafa lbP klg bfxfnn] …clwj]zgaf6 x6fp“nfÚ eGb} pg}nfO{ ;+of]hs tf]s]sf lyP . t/, bfxfnsf] cfZjf;g dfGg e§/fO{ / j}B kIf tof/ 5}gg\ . bfxfnn] pwf/f] cfZjf;g k"/f u/]sf] s'g} Pp6f 36gf klg 5}g eGb} dhb'/x¿n] OGb]|0fL e]nfdf e§/fO{nfO{ km]l/ bfxfnsf] hfndf km;]sf] eGb} c;Gt'li6 kf]v]sf lyP .
;'Ts]/L s'6\g] lgnlDat dhb'/leqsf] ljjfbnfO{ lnP/ Ps dlxgfcl3 nlntk'/sf] vGgf ufd]{G6df ePsf] 36gfsf bf]ifLnfO{ sf/afxL u/]sf] dfcf]jfbLn] hgfPsf] 5 . ;f] 36gfdf bfxfn kIfw/ /fhg ltldlN;gfn] ;'Ts]/L dlxnfdfly xftkft u/]sf lyP . ltldlN;gfn] !# lbgsL ;'Ts]/L 6Lsf v8\sf / #( lbgsL ;'Ts]/L dLgf nfdfdfly lg3f{t s'6lk6 u/]kl5 kLl8t ;'Ts]/L dlxnfn] gof“ahf/ k'u]/ bfxfnlgjf;df wgf{ lbPsf lyP . ;'Ts]/L s'6]s} sf/0f ltldlN;gfnfO{ sf/afxL ul/P klg dfcf]jfbLn] sf/0f eg] n'sfpg vf]h]sf] 5 . ltldlN;gfnfO{ 5 dlxgfsf nflu lgisf;g ul/Psf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . t/, dfcf]jfbLn] s]–s:tf] sf/afxL ePsf] eGg] s]xL klg gv'nfO{ …sf/afxL ul/Psf]Ú lj1lKt lgsfn]sf] 5 .


jf/ ls kf/sf] tof/L

k|:6 b'O{ lr/fdf ljeflht PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf] dhb'/ ;ª\u7gsf g]tfx¿ ca …jf/ ls kf/Úsf] tof/Ldf h'6]sf 5g\ . cWoIf zflns/fd hd/s§]n kIfw/ dhb'/n] …dhb'/ :jod\;]js bnÚ gfdsf] n8fs' b:tf 3f]if0ff u/]nuQ} pkfWoIf ab|L ahufO{+ kIfw/x¿ …dhb'/ ;'/Iff b:tfÚ lgdf{0fdf h'6]sf 5g\ .

clvn g]kfn 6]«8 o'lgog dxf;ª\3sf] sfo{;ldlt eª\u ug]{ kf6L{ lg0f{osf] WofgnfO{ cGoq} df]8\b} hd/s§]nsf] of]hgfdf b:tf agfOPsfn] …sfpG6/Ú lbg ahufO{+ kIfw/x¿ klg h'6]sf 5g\ . ahufO{+ kIfw/ Ps g]tfn] cfufdL @* ut] k];fut sld6Lx¿sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿ ;lDdlnt a}7s a;]/ cfkm\gf] ;'/Iffb:tfsf] 3f]if0ff ug]{ hgfP .

nlntk'/sf] vGgf ufd]{G6df ut cfOtaf/ cfof]lht Ps sfo{qmdsf aLr kf6L{ cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] dxf;ª\3sf pkdxf;lrj hut l;+v8f OGrfh{ ePsf] b:tf 3f]if0ff u/]sf lyP . ahufO{+ kIfw/ tL g]tfsf cg';f/, jfO{;LPnnfO{ …;fOhÚdf Nofpg klg kf6L{ cWoIf bfxfnsf] OR5f cg';f/ pQm b:tf v8f ul/Psf] xf] . clxn] jfO{;LPnleq s]Gb|Lo cWoIf u0f]zdfg k'g / pkTosf OGrfh{ rGb|axfb'/ yfkfnufotsf s]xL ;Lldt g]tfx¿ dfq} cWoIf bfxfnsf] kIfdf 5g\ . t/, s]Gb|Lo sld6Lb]lv /fHo x'“b} lhNnf ;ldlt;Dd pkfWoIf df]xg j}B kIfw/sf] b'O{ ltxfO afx'Notf 5 .

…dhb'/ :jod\;]js bnÚ 3f]if0ff ug'{cufl8 ahufO{+ kIfw/n] jfO{;LPnnfO{ g} …yk ;zQm agfpg / n8fs' b:tf 3f]if0ff gu/f}“Ú eGg] k|:tfj /fv]sf lyP . t/, cWoIf bfxfnsf b'x'gf] ufO{ hd/s§]nn] eg] ljZjf; kfq l;+v8fnfO{ cufl8 ;f/]/ cfkm"v'zL b:tf 3f]if0ff u/]sf lyP .

…of] dhb'/x¿nfO{ Pstfa4 x'g glbg] / hd/s§]nnfO{ hf]ufpg] OR5fn] ul/Psf] sfd xf]Ú– pkfWoIf ahufO{+n] eg]– …xfdL klg s] ug'{k5{, ;f]Rb}5f}“ .Ú o;cl3 dfcf]jfbLn] :yfoL sld6L ;b:o g]qljqmd rGb OGrfh{ /x]sf] o'jf kl/rfng sld6L;d]t n8fs'b:tf 3f]if0ffk|lt ;Gt'i6 5}g .

clxn] dfcf]jfbLleq b'O{ b:tfsf] laulauL a9]sf] 5 . csf]{nfO{ r'gf}tL lbg v8f u/]sf b:tfx¿sf] le8Gt ca s]xL lbgd} b]Vg kfOg] ePsf] atfOG5 . zflGt k|lqmofdf cfPkl5 c;fwf/0f 9ª\un] df]6fP/ dhb'/ cfGbf]ngnfO{ abgfd ug]{ hd/s§]nsf sf/0f ;d:of alNemPsf] ;a} g]tfx¿n] a'em]sf] atfOG5 . t/, kf6L{ cWoIf bfxfnsf] bl/nf] cleefjsTj / ;+/If0fsf sf/0f eg] :yfoL sld6L a}7sn] cfof]hs sld6L lgdf{0f ug]{ u/]sf] lgb]{zgnfO{ ;d]t hd/s§]nn] cj1f u/]sf 5g\ .


k~r / sDo'lg:6 g} Kof/f

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfnL sfª\u]|;sf ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] s]Gb|Lo sfo{;ldlt ;b:o dgf]gogdf k'/fgf / cg'ejL sfª\u]|;LnfO{ eGbf k~rfot / sDo'lg:6 k[i7e"ldsfnfO{ k|fyldstf lbPsf] cf/f]k c;Gt'i6x¿n] nufPsf 5g\ .
k'/fgf / TofuLnfO{ k|fyldstf lbg] atfP klg kl5Nnf] ;dodf cfkm"nfO{ ;fy lbPsf k"j{k~r / k"j{sDo'lg:6nfO{ dgf]gog ul/Psf] c;Gt'i6x¿sf] egfO 5 . xfn} dgf]gog ul/Psf emfkfsf s]zj a'9fyf]sL / ;xdxfdGqLsf k|:tfj ul/Psf s[i0f l;6f}nfnfO{ Oª\lut ub}{ To;f] elgPsf] xf] . c;Gt'i6 v]dfsf Ps g]tfn] eg]– …a'9fyf]sL k"j{k~r x'g\ eg] l;6f}nf k"j{sDo'lg:6 x'g\ .Ú a'9fyf]sL k~rfotsfnsf ;"o{axfb'/ yfkfsf] dlGqd08ndf ;xfos dGqL lyP . )$^ ;fndf k|hftGq cfPkl5 sfª\u]|;df cfPsf pgsf] e"ldsf kl5Nnf] zfxLsfndf klg ljjflbt ag]sf] lyof] . zfxLsfndf a'9fyf]sL sfª\u]|; 5f8]/ lhNnf ;efklt bf}8df nfu]sf] tL g]tfn] atfP . To:t}, ;xdxfdGqLdf k|:tfj ul/Psf l;6f}nf )#^ ;fndf dfq sfª\u]|; k|j]z u/]sf] pgn] atfP . …)#^ ;fndf hgdf]rf{ 5f8]/ sfª\u]|;df cfPsf l;6f}nf rflx“ k'/fgf / TofuL x'g], k"/} hLjg sfª\u]|;df ;dk{0f ug]{ rflx“ gx'g] <Ú– tL g]tfn] eg] . To;f] t nf]stGq :yfkgfkl5 l;6f}nfn] lgjf{x u/]sf] e"ldsfnfO{ lnP/ cem} klg pgnfO{ …sfª\u]|;leqsf] dfcf]jfbLÚ eg]/ lrq0f ul/G5 . zfxLsfnsf] ;]/f]km]/f]df z]/axfb'/ b]pjf v]dfdf /x]sf a'9fyf]sL xfn} ;DkGg afx|f}+ dxflwj]zgsf] k"j{;GWofdf dfq sf]O/fnf v]dfsf] s§/ ;dy{s eP/
b]vf k/]sf lyP .

kbflwsf/L dgf]gogsf nflu cfkm}“n] u/]sf] k|:tfj tLg dlxgf lalt;Sbf klg s]Gb|Lo ;ldltaf6 cg'df]bg u/fpg g;s]kl5 tLg r/0fdf u/]/ sf]O/fnfn] !^ hgfnfO{ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf dgf]gog ul/;s]sf 5g\ . klxnf] r/0fdf cfkm}“;“u ;efkltdf k/flht b]pjfnfO{ dgf]gog u/]sf lyP eg] bf];|f] r/0fdf gf} hgf dgf]gog u/]sf lyP, h;df b]pjf kIfsf ljdn]Gb| lglw dfq k/]sf lyP . t];|f] r/0fdf pgn] 5 hgf dgf]gog u/], h;df b]pjf kIfsf Ps hgf klg k/]gg\ . ca sf]O/fnf;“u dgf]gogsf nflu kf“r hgfsf] sf]6f dfq af“sL 5 . of] dgf]gog;“u} sfª\u]|; s]Gb|Lo sfo{;ldltsf] ;ª\Vof *) k'u]sf] 5, hxf“ sf]O/fnfsf] cf/fdbfoL ax'dt 5 . s]Gb|Lo ;b:o dgf]gog ;efkltsf] clwsf/ ePsfn] c;Gt'i6 kIfn] o;nfO{ vf;} ax;sf] ljifo agfPsf] 5}g . cfkm\gf] kIfdf cf/fdbfoL ax'dt h'6fPkl5 sfo{;ldltsf] dgf]gog k|:tfj cg'df]bg u/fpg sf]O/fnfn] ef]ln g} s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7s af]nfPsf 5g\ .

ef]ln 3D;f3D;L x'g]

ut dª\l;/ !@ ut] g} ;efklt sf]O/fnfn] pk;efkltdf /fdrGb| kf}8]n / ;xdxfdGqLdf s[i0f l;6f}nfsf] gfd cg'df]bgsf nflu k|:tfj u/]sf lyP . t/, s]Gb|Lo sfo{;ldltdf Jofks lj/f]w ePkl5 Tof] k|:tfj tLg dlxgf;Dd cnkq k/]sf] lyof] . ef]ln x'g] a}7saf6 Tof] k|:tfj cg'df]bg u/fpg] sf]O/fnfsf] of]hgfnfO{ km]l/ klg etfe'ª\u kfg]{ tof/Ldf b]pjf kIfw/x¿ /x]sf] atfOG5 . To;f] t kbflwsf/L dgf]gogsf] d'2fdf sf]O/fnf wf/s} eg]/ lrlgg] s]xL s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] b]pjfnfO{ ;fy lb“b} cfPsf 5g\ . To;}n] klg sf]O/fnfn] ef]ln klg Tof] k|:tfj cg'df]bg u/fpg g;Sg] atfOG5 . kbflwsf/L dgf]gogsf] k|:tfljt gfdk|lt sf]O/fnf wf/s} ch'{gg/l;+x s];L, ;'hftf sf]O/fnf, uug yfkfnufotsf g]tfn] pgnfO{ ;fy lbPsf 5}gg\ .

cf/h' b]vfp“b} b]pjf kmsfp“b}

To;f] t b]pjfnfO{ kmsfpg k|of;df sf]O/fnf cem} xft wf]P/ nfluk/]sf] atfOG5 . ljutdf lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfn] lnPs} /0fgLlt k|of]u u/]/ b]pjfnfO{ v';L kfg]{ kf;f ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] klg km\of“ls;s]sf] atfOG5 . lul/hfn] b]pjfnfO{ v';L kfg{ kTgL cf/h' /f0ffnfO{ ;+ljwfg;ef ;b:odf dgf]gLt u/]sf lyP . clxn] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf dgf]gog ug{ af“sL kf“r hgfsf] l;6df pg} cf/h'nfO{ Nofpg] k|:tfj ;'zLnn] b]pjf;“u /flv;s]sf] atfOG5 . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …t/ of] k|:tfj b]pjfn] t s'/} 5f8f}“ klxn] cf/h'n] g} 7f8} nTofPsL l5g\ .Ú


;8sd} xflsd xflh/

sf7df8f}“ . Jo:t rf]sdf pleP/ l;7L km'Sb} 6«flkms Joj:yfkg ug]{ k|x/Lx¿ s'g txsf xf]nfg\ < kSs} klg xjNbf/ c;O{ jf ;O{ x'g'k5{ . dflyNnf] txdf k'Ug] xf] eg] OG:k]S6/;Ddn] 6«flkms Joj:yfkgsf] To:tf] lhDd]jf/L kfPsf 5g\ . t/, lxhf]–cfh ;8sdf Ps hgf To:tf JolQm l;7L km'ls/x]sf e]l6G5g\, hf] dfly elgPsf s'g} klg cf]xf]bfsf xf]Ogg\ .

To;f] eP s'g} ljb]zL :jod\;]js xf]nfg\ eGg] cg'dfg w]/}sf] x'g;S5 . t/, Tof] klg xf]Og . 6«flkms lgoddf tf]lsPsf] lhDd]jf/LeGbf tn k'u]/ cfkm}“ rf]sdf pleg] tL x'g\– 8LcfO{hL lj1fg/fh zdf{ . /fhwfgLsf yfkfynL, lqk'/]Zj/h:tf Jo:t ;8sdf sfof{no ;dodf x'g] eL8 36fpg lxhf]cfh zdf{ :jod\ ;8sdf plePsf e]l6G5g\ .

kSs} klg s'g} klg sfd ;fgf] jf 7"nf] x'“b}g . /fd|f] sfd ug{ kbLo x}l;otn] g5]Sg klg ;S5 . t/, cfkm\gf] kbLo x}l;oteGbf tn em/]/ /fd|} sfd ul//x]sf zdf{sf] Tof] e"ldsfnfO{ k|x/L ;ª\u7gleq} Tolt g?rfOPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . o;cl3 k|x/L k|jQmf x'“bf ;~rf/dfWodaf6 w]/} ?rfOPsf zdf{ clxn] pkTosf 6«flkms k|d'v 5g\ . oxL sf/0fn] ;ª\u7gleq cfnf]rgf v]Kg] zdf{ cflv/ w'“jf / w"nf] vf“b} ;8sdf lsg k'U5g\ t <

zdf{ cfkm\gf] sfddf bIf dflgP klg dfcf]jfbL;“u a9L nxl;Psf] k|x/L clwsf/L atfp“5g\ . dfcf]jfbLn] cj}w uf8L leq\of“bf zdf{n] ;xof]u u/]sf] eg]/ k|rf/ u/]sf sf/0f klg pgsf lj/f]wLx?nfO{ Tof] cf/f]k nufpg ;lhnf] ePsf] x'g ;S5 . P;P;kL x'“bf zdf{ n'lDagL c~rn k|d'v /x]sf a]nf ;'gf}nL–e}/xjf gfsfaf6 dfcf]jfbLn] cj}w uf8L leœofPsf lyP . pgnfO{ To:tf] sfd u/fpg dfcf]jfbL n8fs'sf 8]k'6L sdfG8/ rGb|k|sfz vgfn …anb]jÚn] bafa lbPsf] atfOG5 . To;f] t dfcf]jfbLnfO{ h] ug{ klg 5'6 lbg] s[i0fk|;fb l;6f}nf, jfdb]j uf}tdh:tf u[xdGqL ePsf a]nf pgn] rfx]/ dfq} /f]Sg ;Sg] cj:yf klg lyPg eGg]x¿sf] klg sdL 5}g .

k|x/L k|jQmf ePsf a]nf cj}w uf8L kqmg] sfddf pgn] c;xof]u u/]sf] rrf{ olta]nf k|x/L k|wfg sfof{noleq x'g] u/]sf] 5 . s]xL dlxgfcl3 dfcf]jfbLsf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fds'df/ zdf{ r9]sf] cj}w uf8L k|x/Ln] lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] lyof] . gS;fnsf] k]6«f]n kDk 5]paf6} pQm uf8L lgoGq0fdf lnOPsf] lyof] . Tof] 36gf x'g'eGbf !) lbgcl3 g} Tof] uf8L cj}w ePsf] eGb} k|qmfp ug{ k|x/L 6f]nL pgs} 8]/fdf k'u]sf] lyof] . 6f]nL k'Ubf pgsL >LdtL uf8L l;Sb} lyOg\ . k|x/Ln] uf8L cj}w ePsf] eGb} rfaL lgoGq0fdf lngf;fy 6f]nL k|d'v k|x/L lg/LIfsnfO{ df]afOndf kmf]g u/]/ k|jQmf zdf{n] lgoGq0fdf glng' eGg] cfb]z lbPsf] atfOG5 . To;kl5 l/Q} kms]{sf] 6f]nLn] !) lbgkl5 km]l/ tTsfnLg sf7df8f}“ k|x/L k|d'v /d]z v/]nsf] cfb]zkl5 uf8L lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] lyof] . Tof] uf8L klg zdf{ n'lDagL c~rn ePs} a]nf leœofOPsf] atfOG5 .

ut c;f]hdf klg anb]jsf ;xof]uL /fd' l;+xn] uf}zfnfsf h'Qf Jofkf/L xl/ kf08]nfO{ rf]/Lsf] uf8L a]r]sf lyP . %) nfv ?lkof“df a]lrPsf] ;f] ldT;'la;L uf8Lsf] @% nfv ?lkof“ a}gf;d]t lnOPsf] lyof] . Tof] s'/f k|x/Ln] yfxf kfP/ klg lgoGq0fdf glnOPsf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . To;a]nf o:tf uf8Lsf] ;+/If0f ug{ pkTosf k|d'v dbg v8\sfn] ;3fPsf] atfOG5 .

clxn] zdf{ ltg} rf]/Lsf uf8L;d]tsf] vf]hlag ug]{ lhDd]jf/Ldf k'u]sf 5g\ . ca rf]sdf pleP/ rf]/Lsf uf8L lgjf{w u'l8/x]sf] 6'n'6'n' x]b}{ l;7L km'Sg Jo:t /xG5g\ jf ltgnfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ nfU5g\ <


ug'{ u¥of} an/fd †

sf7df8f}“ . utfª\sdf k|sflzt ;dfrf/nfO{ lnP/ sflGtk'/ b}lgs / p;sf s]xL kqsf/x¿ a'waf/ ;fKtflxssf lj?4 vlgPsf 5g\ . cfkm"n] n]v]sf] unt ;dfrf/ ;Rofpg'sf] ;f6f] pgLx¿n] ;Dkfbs lji0f' l/hfnsf lj?4 Ps ;ftfdf b'O{ k6s ;dfrf/ k|sflzt u/]/ gof“ sLlt{dfg sfod u/]sf 5g\ .

/dfOnf] s'/f s] 5 eg], b'j} k6s ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ubf{ pgLx¿n] a'waf/df k|sflzt ;dfrf/n] an/fd aflgof“sf] s;/L …rl/qxTofÚ eof] eGg] pNn]v u/]sf 5}gg\ . csf{sf] rl/qxTof ug{ /dfpg] an/fdnfO{ a'waf/n] ut ;ftf …h“8\ofxfÚ eg]/ l6Kk0fL u/]sf] lyof] . pgL h“8\ofxf xf]Ogg\ eGg] bfaL :jod\ sflGtk'/ b}lgs, an/fd / xl/axfb'/ yfkfsf] bafadf jQmJo lgsfNg] ct'n ld> / an/fdn] klg ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg\ . oL ltg} an/fd x'g\, hf] kqsf/x¿sf aLrdf dlb/fk|]dLsf ¿kdf lr/kl/rt 5g\ . an/fd hf“8 vf“b}gg\ eGg] k|dfl0ft ePdf h:tf];'s} ;hfo ef]Ug klg a'waf/ tof/ 5 . lsgls, pgn] :jb]z / ljb]zsf cg]s 7fp“df ;Gt'ng u'dfpg]u/L dlb/f ;]jg u/]sf] k|ToIfbzL{ a'waf/ cfkm}“ 5 .

;Dkfbs l/hfndfly sf/afxL ul/lbg cg'/f]w ub}{ sflGtk'/sf ;Dkfbs ;'wL/ zdf{n] kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf kbflwsf/Lx¿nfO{ klg u'xf/]sf lyP . t/, ;dfrf/k|lt lrQ ga'em]df v08g ug{ kfOg] af6f] pgLx¿n] atfOlbPkl5 cfO{P pQL0f{ ;'wL/sf] a'l4sf] lasf]{ v'n]sf] lyof] . dfcf]jfbL bafadf sflGtk'/sf] ;Dkfbs lgo'Qm ;'wL/ cfkm}“ ;+lbUw k[i7e"ldsf JolQm x'g\ . ltg} ;'wL/, xl/axfb'/ / an/fdnufotsf sfª\u|];L kqsf/sf] bafadf kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] zfvfnfO{ a'waf/sf ;Dkfbssf lj?4 jQmJo lgsfNg / k|]; sfplG;ndf ph'/L ug{ nufOPsf] xf] . o;nfO{ :jLsf/ ub}{ zfvf ;efklt ct'n ld>n] a'waf/;“u eg]– …s] ug'{ af]; < tkfO{+nfO{ yfx} 5, xfd|f]df s] l:ylt 5 † dnfO{ t s]xL klg yfxf lyPg . an/fdhLn] lgj]bg lbg'eof] / o;f] ug'{k5{ eg]kl5 d}n] afWo eP/ jQmJo lgsfn]sf] x'“ . o;df d]/f] s]xL xft 5}g . dfOG8 gug'{ .Ú an/fdn] a'waf/nfO{ clxn];Dd s'g} v08g k7fpg g;Sg'n] pgL slt gfnfos, cg}lts / sfo/ 5g\ eGg] :ki6 x'G5 .

cfkm\gf] jf:tljs rl/q ;fj{hlgs ePkl5 cQflnPsf an/fdn] …k|]; :jtGqtfÚ sf] b'xfO{ lb“b} wDsL lbOPsf] k|rf/ u/]sf 5g\ . t/, a'waf/sf tkm{af6 klxnf] k6s d+unaf/ laxfg pgL;“u ;Dks{ ubf{ eg] pgn] cfkm"n] To;f] geg]sf] atfP . …d}n] wDsL lbPsf] st} klg eg]sf] 5}g, jQmJodf klg To:tf] 5}g .Ú

o;cl3 …a'waf/ Pdfn]sf] klqsf xf]OgÚ eg]/ ;dfrf/ k|sflzt u/]sf] sflGtk'/n] o; k6s …Pdfn]sf] d'vkq a'waf/n] rl/qxTof u¥of]Ú eg]/ sf]sf]xf]nf] dRrfpg'n] p;sf] cfkm\g} ;dfrf/ slt cljZj;gLo x'G5 eGg] :ki6 x'G5 . a'waf/nfO{ /fd|f];“u yfxf 5– kqsfl/tf / ;fx'sfl/tfaLr km/s x'G5 . ToxL eP/ p;n] n]Vg] ;dfrf/sf k[i7e"ldsf af/]df klg xfdL a]va/ 5}gf}“ . p;n] ug]{ cgu{n k|rf/ / e|fds ;"rgf ;Dk|]if0faf6 Ps/lQm klg a'waf/ ljrlnt x'g]5}g . a'waf/ ;fKtflxs ljgd| cg'/f]w ub{5– cgfjZos ljifoj:t'nfO{ ;dfrf/ agfpg], To;nfO{ k6s–k6s k|rf/ ug]{ / To;nfO{ ;To ;fljt ug]{ b':;fx; u/]/ xfdLnfO{ ;'wL/ zdf{ / xl/axfb'/ yfkfx¿;“u hf]l8Psf d}gf sf08sf kqx¿ ;fj{hlgs ug{ afWo gkfl/of];\, k|x/L / ;]gf;“u hf]l8Psf pgLx¿sf ;+lbUw rl/qx¿nfO{ kf7s;dIf kl:sg gpS;fOof];\ †

k"j{k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfnnfO{ c? k"j{k|wfgdGqLnfO{ em}F /fHon] k|bfg u/]sf] ;'ljwfgsf] uf8Lsf af/]df an/fdn] cgu{n ;dfrf/ n]v]kl5 u[xdGqfnosf] lj1lKtsf cfwf/df cl3Nnf] ;ftf a'waf/n] ;dfrf/ k|sflzt u/]sf] lyof] . To;} ljifodf cQflnP/ an/fd aa{/fpFb} lxF8]sf 5g\ . cl3Nnf] k6s g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] pkfWoIfdf nHhf:kb k/fho ef]u]sf an/fd o;k6s sf+u|];sf tkm{af6 dxf;lrj p7\g] eGb} lxF8]sf 5g\ . clxn] a'waf/df pgsf] jf:tljs rl/q pbfª\uf] ePkl5 pgL yk ltlNdnfPsf 5g\ .


l8nf/fdsf] ;ª\3Lotf vf]O <

sf7df8f}“ . /fli6«o hgdf]rf{;“u …s]xL k|j[lQut / s]xL gLltut c;xdltÚ ePsf] atfp“b} cfPsf l8nf/fd cfrfo{ cGttM dfcf]jfbLdf k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ .

cf7 dlxgfcl3 lrqaxfb'/ s];Lsf] cWoIftfdf /x]sf] hgdf]rf{ / To;sf] dfp kf6L{ g]skf -d;fn_sf g]tfx¿ gf]s/zfxL aGb} uPsf] cf/f]k nufp“b} cfPsf cfrfo{ g]kfnsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] gf]s/zfxL kf6L{ dfcf]jfbLdf k|j]z ug'{nfO{ c:jfefljs eg] dflgPsf] 5}g . df]rf{sf dxf;lrj /x“bf kf6L{n] af]s]sf] hftLo ;ª\3Lotflj/f]wL nfOgnfO{ sfof{Gjog ug{ cu|kª\lQmdf /xg] cfrfo{ ;a}eGbf klxn] hftLo ;ª\3Lotfsf] lap 5g]{ dfcf]jfbLdf k|j]z ug'{nfO{ eg] /x:ok"0f{ ¿kdf x]l/Psf] 5 . pgsf cfnf]rsx¿ cfrfo{ ljrf/af6 :vlnt eP/ JolQmut :jfy{sf nflu dfcf]jfbLdf uPsf] atfp“5g\ . dfcf]jfbLn] pgn] g]t[Tj u/]sf] k'gul7{t df]rf{nfO{ kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o / s]Gb|Lo ;b:o lbg] atfOPsf] 5 . pgn] kf6L{leqsf cGt/;ª\3if{nfO{ x's'dL z}nLn] lgld6\ofGg kfg{ vf]h]sf] cf/f]k;lxt Toxf“ l6Sg g;s]kl5 gof“ kf6L{ u7g ug'{k/]sf] atfp“b} cfPsf lyP .

hgdf]rf{sf cWoIf lrqaxfb'/ s]];Ln] eg] l8nf/fdsf] dfcf]jfbL k|j]znfO{ …/fhgLlts j]Zoflu/LÚ eg]sf 5g\ . cj;/jfbL rl/qsf cfrfo{n] …7"nf] df5f 5f]Kg]Ú bfpn] dfcf]jfbL /f]h]sf] cWoIf s];Lsf] cf/f]k 5 . d;fndf 5“b} !) dlxgfklxn] g} cfrfo{ leqL ¿kdf dfcf]jfbL eO;s]sf] s];Ln] …a'waf/ÚnfO{ atfP . pgn] eg]– …cj;/jfbLnfO{ :jfut ug]{ kf6L{ dfcf]jfbLdf k|j]z u/]kl5 an]/f] r9g, ;DklQ hf]8\g / dfG5] df/]/ klg 5'6 kfOG5 .Ú

pgnfO{ lrGg]x¿ )^$ ;fnsf] ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgdf dfcf]jfbL;“u ;xsfo{ u/]/ eP klg ;f+;b ag]/} 5f]8\g] c8fgnfO{ kf6L{n] ;xof]u gu/]/ ;f] cj;/af6 jl~rt x'g'k/]b]lv g} pgL kf6L{af6 c;Gt'i6 ePsf] atfp“5g\ . To;cl3sf] lgjf{rgdf Pdfn]sf] ;xof]un] ;f+;b ag]/ /fhsLo ;'ljwf ef]Ug ;kmn cfrfo{sf] kl5Nnf] r/0fdf Pdfn]sf s]xL g]tfh:t} z/L/ cfkm\g} kf6L{df eP klg cfTdf dfcf]jfbL eO;s]sf lyP . …6f]kaxfb'/x¿;“u tfnd]n u/]/ ;+ljwfg;efdf cfkm"nfO{ ;'lglZrt ug]{ bfp pgLx¿;“u ;xsfo{ x'g g;Sg] kf6L{ gLltsf sf/0f c;kmn ePkl5 l8nf/fdsf] dlt lalu|Psf] xf]Ú– hgdf]rf{sf Ps sfo{stf{n] eg] .

dfwjs'df/ g]kfn g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/df pkk|wfgdGqLsf] x}l;otdf ljho uR5bf/ cfpg] ePkl5 To:tf] ;/sf/sf] ;dy{gdf kf6L{ pleg' x'“b}g eGg] pgsf] ts{ lyof] . dw];df cfTdlg0f{osf] clwsf/ x'g'kg]{ dfu ug]{ bn / ltgsf g]tf ;xefuL ;/sf/nfO{ ;dy{g ug{ x'Gg eg]/ cfrfo{n] kf6L{df km/s dt /fv]sf lyP . t/, kf6L{n] km/s dt sfod} /x] klg /fhgLlts lgsf;sf nflu tTsfnLg ;/sf/nfO{ ;dy{g ug]{ lg0f{o ax'dtåf/f :jLs[t u/]sf] lyof] . Tof] a]nf klg dfcf]jfbLåf/f …ufO8]8Ú eP/ g} cfrfo{n] ;/sf/ c;kmn kfg{ To:tf] ts{ u/]sf] tL sfo{stf{n] atfP . cfkm}“ ;ª\3Lotflj/f]wL /fli6«o cleofgsf] sdfG8/ ag]/ b]z bf}8fxfdf lg:s]sf cfrfo{ gf6sLo 9ª\un] ;ª\3Lotf kIfw/ ePkl5 pgsf] c;lnot 5n{ª\luPsf] 5 .


aNv'df ejg ylkg]

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] kf6L{ d'Vofno dbggu/ aNv'd} csf]{ ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ ePsf] 5 . clxn]sf] ejg ;f“3'/f] ePsfn] eGb} d'Vofnosf] k"j{kl§ /x]sf] hUufdf gof“ ejg yKg] lg0f{o Pdfn]n] u/]sf] 5 .

Pdfn]n] ;f] hUuf tTsfnLg dxf;lrj dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] k|bfg u/]sf] snª\sLsf] hUuf a]r]/ 5 jif{cl3 lsg]sf] xf] . ejg lgdf{0fsf nflu dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nsf] ;+of]hsTjdf kf6L{ ejg lgdf{0f tyf sfo{stf{ sf]if lgdf{0f ;ldlt u7g ul/Psf] 5 . ;ldltdf ;lrj z+s/ kf]v/]n, kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o lji0f' l/dfn, s]Gb|Lo ;b:o k/z'd]3L u'?ª, of]u]z e§/fO{, g]tfx¿ ;f]dk|;fb kf08], /fdgfy 9sfn, lxSdt sfsL{, ljgf]b 9sfn / /ljGb| clwsf/L /xg'ePsf] 5 .

…kf6L{sf ;ª\ul7t ;b:o / ;'e]R5'sx¿af6 cleofgs} ¿kdf cfly{s ;ª\sng sfo{nfO{ cl3 a9fp“b} tTsfn sfd ;'? u5f}{+Ú– ;b:o u'?ªn] eGg'eof] . ejg kf“r ;oeGbf a9L c6\g] xn;lxtsf] x'g]5 . …s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7s a:gnfO{ j}1flgs xn klg 5}gÚ– pxfFn] eGg'eof]– …;a} rLhnfO{ k'gM Jojl:yt ug{ ejg lgdf{0f ug{ nfu]sf xf}“ .Ú

clxn]sf] kf6L{ sfof{nodf kof{Kt sf]7f gx'“bf kbflwsf/Lx¿sf nflu;d]t sfo{sIf 5}g . cf7f}“ clwj]zgkl5 Pdfn]n] sfo{stf{ ;+/If0f sf]if lgdf{0f ug]{ klg of]hgf agfPsf] lyof] . ;ª\sng ul/Psf] /sdsf] dxŒjk"0f{ lx:;f sfo{stf{ sf]ifdf /flvg] Pdfn]n] hgfPsf] 5 . b'O{ jif{leqdf ejg lgdf{0f k'/f x'g] Pdfn]n] hgfPsf] 5 . cfOtaf/ ;DkGg :yfoL ;ldltsf] a}7sn] ;f] lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] .


pk]Gb|nfO{ efUg] eo

sf7df8f}“ . aflx/ …d'2f ldn]df dfq ;/sf/df hfG5f}“Ú eg] klg dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/dsf cWoIf pk]Gb| ofbjn] leqL ¿kdf ;/sf/df hfg] hf]8–36fp tLj| kf/]sf 5g\ . s'g dGqfno ln“bf kmfObf xf]nf eg]/ pgn] cfkm"nfO{ e]6\g cfpg]x¿;“u ;d]t ;Nnfx lng] u/]sf 5g\ .

ofbjnfO{ pmhf{ dGqfno lbg] k|:tfj ul/Psf] rrf{ eP klg pgn] eg] k|ltåGåL ljhos'df/ uR5f/n] ljutdf ;Dxfn]sf] ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0f dGqfnodf cf“vf nufPsf 5g\ . pgsf] egfO p4[t ub}{ ;|f]tn] eGof]– …ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0f dGqfno ln“bf …hgtfsf] sfd w]/} ug{ ;lsG5 .Ú :d/0f /xf];\, of] dGqfnon] ;a}eGbf a9L ah]6 kl/rfng ub{5 . o;af6 ofbjsf] k|fyldstf s] /x]5 eGg] :ki6 x'G5 .

p;f] t ofbjn] cfkm\gf] s'/f Tolt n'sfPsf 5}gg\ . t'ngfTds ¿kdf ;f]emf dflgg] pgn] cfOtaf/ ;f“em cfkm"nfO{ ;xof]u ug]{ glhssf dflg;x¿;“u eg]– …xfdLnfO{ Ps÷b'O{ j6f /fd|f dGqfno eP/ dfq} k'Ub}g . ;a}nfO{ s]xL g s]xL lbg'kg]{5 . gq p; -ljho uR5bf/_ n] lnP/ hfG5 .Ú ljutdf uR5bf/n] gf} hgfnfO{ dGqL agfPsfn] klg cfkm"nfO{ clxn] ;d:of k/]sf] pgsf] ljZn]if0f 5 . …clxn] Tolt dGqL agfpg ;Sg] cj:yf 5}g . o:tf] cj:yfdf c;Gt'li6 a9\5 / yfDg ;lsGg .Ú

cfkm\g} kf6L{leq ;xcWoIf hok|sfz u'Ktfsf] ;d]t ;fy gkfO/x]sf ofbjsf nflu dGqL 5fGg kmnfdsf] Ro'/f rkfpg';/x ePsf] 5 . u'KtfnfO{ dGqL glbO{ pgnfO{ ;'v} 5}g . Pp6f /fd|f] dGqfno lnP/ pgL cfkm}“ ;/sf/df g]t[Tj ug]{ bfpdf 5g\ . o:tf] cj:yfdf d'l:snn] kmf]/dn] Pp6f csf]{ ;fgf] dGqfno kfpg]5 . of] ljZn]if0f c¿sf] geP/ pgsf] cfkm\g} xf] . pgn] eg]– …s] ug]{, s] gug]{ < d bf]wf/df 5' .Ú ;|f]tsf cg';f/, ljz]if ;DaGwsf sf/0f klg pgn] /]0f' ofbjnfO{ dGqL gagfO{ gx'g] 5 . Ps t cfkm";“u ldqtf, csf]{ dlxnf ePsf sf/0f klg pgL /]0f'nfO{ dGqL agfpg rfxG5g\ . o:tf] cj:yfdf Ps k6s klg dGqL gePsfx¿n] …k'/fgfn] dfq} vfg] <Ú eg]/ dRrfpg] ljjfb;“u ofbj kl/lrt 5g\ .


sfof{nodf k/z'

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] s]Gb|Lo sfof{no ;lrjdf k/z'/fd d]3L u'?ªnfO{ lgo'Qm u/]sf] 5 . ut cfOtaf/sf] :yfoL sld6L a}7sn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o u'?ªnfO{ lgo'Qm u/]sf] xf] .

o;cl3 ;+;bLo bnsf] ;r]ts;d]t eO;s]sf k"j{;f+;b u'?ª kf6L{n] u7g u/]sf] ;+ljwfg d:of}bf sfof{bnsf sfof{no ;lrj klg x'g'x'G5 . o;cl3 sfof{no ;lrjdf j}slNks kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o uª\ufnfn t'nfw/ x'g'x'GYof] . pxf“ dGqL ePkl5 l/Qm /x]sf] lhDd]jf/L pxf“nfO{ lbOPsf] xf] .


vf8Lrf}/df o'jf ;Dd]ng

l;Gw'kfNrf]s . o'jf ;ª\3 g]kfn, lhNnf sld6L l;Gw'kfNrf]ssf] If]q gDa/–! sf] k|yd If]qLo ;Dd]ngn] /fhs'df/ ;'j]bLsf] cWoIftfdf !# ;b:oLo If]qLo sld6L rog u/]sf] 5 . o'jf ;ª\3sf s]Gb|Lo k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v clgtf nfdfsf] k|d'v cfltYodf vf8Lrf}/df ;DkGg ;Dd]ngn] gof“ g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] xf] .

;Dd]ngn] pkfWoIfdf anb]j k/fh'nL, ;lrjdf s'df/ sfsL{, ;x–;lrjdf ;fhg k/fh'nL / sf]iffWoIfdf ;bLIff g]kfnnfO{ rog u/]sf] 5 eg] ;b:ox¿df s'df/ tfdfª, ;Ltf/fd du/, ldª\df/ z]kf{, /fhs'df/ v8\sf, x:ts'df/ df]Qmfg, cK;/f ltldlN;gf, /lag 9sfn / lbg]z /f]Ssf r'lgg'ePsf] 5 .

;Dd]ngdf o'jf ;ª\3 g]kfnsf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o lx/f yf]s/, g]skf -Pdfn]_ l;Gw'kfNrf]s lhNnf sld6Lsf pkfWoIf d]3gfy kf}8]n / ;b:o sdn g]kfn, o'jf ;ª\3 g]kfn s]Gb|Lo k|fs[lts ;|f]t ;fwg ljefusf ;b:o 1fg]Gb| /fpt, ;ª\3sf lhNnf cWoIf czf]s r}nfufO+{, pkfWoIf cd/ tfdfª, ;lrj /fh' >]i7, sf]iffWoIf gLtf nfdf, ;b:o s'df/ >]i7, s[i0fd'/f/L rf}nfufO+{nufotn] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


dfgjclwsf/ pNnª\3gdf dfcf]jfbL cufl8

sf7df8f}“ . ;g\ @)!) sf] dfgjclwsf/sf] n]vfhf]vf;lxtsf] …g]kfn dfgjclwsf/ jif{ k':ts @)!!Ú ;fj{hlgs ul/Psf] 5 . cgf}krfl/s If]q ;]jf s]Gb| -OG;]s_ åf/f k|sflzt jif{ k':tsn] …cGt/åGådf zflGt k|lqmofÚ nfO{ r'gf}tLsf ¿kdf pNn]v u/]sf] 5 .

jif{ k':tsn] lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tfn] 8f]¥ofPsf] g]kfnsf] zflGtk|lqmof @)!) sf] cGTo;Dd cfOk'Ubf /fhgLlts bnx¿sf] ;Qf :jfy{ / df]xdf s]lGb|t /x]sf] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . zflGt k|lqmofsf] rf/ jifL{o ofqf latfO;Sbf klg b08xLgtfsf] l:yltdf vf;} ck]Iffcg's"n k|ult gePsf] jif{ k':tssf] n]vfhf]vfn] ;+s]t u5{ .
;g\ @)!) df hDdf rf/ ;o %( hgfsf] xTof ePsf] 5,  h;df ! ;o !& hgfsf] xTof c1ft ;d"xaf6 ePsf] 5 . cGo ;d"xaf6 dfq} @ ;o &$ hgfsf] xTof ePsf] pNn]v 5 . dw];df cftª\s dRrfO/x]sf cfk/flws ;ª\u7gx¿af6 o; jif{ klg gful/ssf] xTof ug]{ qmd g/f]lsPsf] b]lvPsf] 5 . cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf sd eP klg xTof ug]{ qmd g/f]lsg'n] d'n'ssf] zflGt ;'/Iffdf vf;} pT;fxshgs k|ult gePsf] b]lvPsf] 5 . ;a}eGbf a9L t/fO{ hgtflGqs kf6L{ -dw];_ n] 5 hgfsf] xTof u/]sf] 5 . To;kl5 clvn t/fO{ d'lQm df]rf{n] kf“r, t/fO{ d'lQm df]rf{n] rf/, hgtflGqs d'lQmdf]rf{ -/fhg_, hgtflGqs t/fO{ dw]; d'lQm kf6L{n] tLg÷tLg hgfsf] xTof u/]sf 5g\ . ;+o'Qm hgtflGqs t/fO{ d'lQm df]rf{ / hgd'df] -Hjfnfl;+x_ n] b'O{÷b'O{ hgfsf] xTof u/]sf 5g\ . jfO{;LPn, o'ykmf];{, dw]; /fi6«  hgtflGqs kf6L{ -qmflGtsf/L_, dw]; d'lQm 6fOu;{, hgd'df] -cfhfb_, hgd'df] -k|tLs ;d"x_n] klg Ps÷Ps hgfsf] xTof u/]sf] k':tsdf pNn]v 5 .

d'n'ssf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] sxnfPsf] bn PsLs[t -dfcf]jfbL_ n] dfq} rf/hgfsf] xTof u/]sf] 5 . lgz:q ePsf] rf/ jif{kl5 klg dfcf]jfbL gful/ssf] xTof ug]{ kª\lQmdf cu|efud} /x]sf] 5 . To:t}, zflGt, ;'/Iff / ;'zf;g sfod ug]{ lhDd]jf/L af]s]sf] /fHon] #@ hgf gful/ssf] xTof u/]sf] 5 .

;g\ @)!) df ckxl/t x'g] qmd klg sd x'g ;s]g . hDdf ! ;o *% j6f ckx/0fsf 36gfdf c1ft ;d"xaf6 *# hgf, dfcf]jfbLaf6 ##, cGoaf6 ## / jfO{;LPnaf6 @@ hgf ckxl/t ePsf 5g\ .

dfgjclwsf/ xgg ug]{ ;jfndf PsLs[t -dfcf]jfbL_+ ;a}eGbf cufl8 b]lvPsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLn] @ ;o $% nfO{ s'6lk6 u/]sf] 5 . To:t} p;sf] n8fs' ;+u7g jfO{;LPnn] ! ;o @% hgf / clvn -qmflGtsf/L_ n] #% hgfnfO{ s'6lk6 u/]sf] b]lvPsf] 5 . To:t} wDsL lbgdf klg dfcf]jfbL cu|efudf b]lvPsf] 5 . wDsLaf6 % ;o $* kLl8t ;+VofdWo] dfcf]jfbLaf6 dfq} *& hgf kLl8t ePsf 5g\ . ;a}eGbf a9L wDsL ;+o'Qm hftLo d'lQm df]rf{n] lbPsf] 5, h'g ;+Vof @ ;o (^ hgf 5 .

ptf ;fdflhs Gofo / ;'zf;g sfod /fVg d'n'sdf ;r]tgfd"ns cleofgdf xhf/f}+ ;/sf/L / u}/;/sf/L ;ª\3–;+:yfx¿sf] eL8 nfu] klg 3/]n' lx+;fsf 36gf /f]lsg g;s]sf] jif{ k':tsdf pNn]v 5 . 3/]n' lx+;faf6 ;a}eGbf a9L k|efljt ;'v]{t b]lvPsf] 5 . To:t}, wg'iff, l;Gw'nL, ;Nofg / :ofª\hf 3/]n' lx+;f ;a}eGbf a9L ePsf kf“r lhNnfdf k/]sf 5g\ .


‘Pdfn] l;4fGtaf6 ljrlnt x'“b}g’

wgs'6f . lgjt{dfg k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL gful/s kf6L{df ¿kfGt/0f gx'~h]n p;nfO{ ;'/Iff;“u ;DalGwt dGqfno lbg gx'g] atfpg'ePsf] 5 .

pxf“n] ;f] s'/f zlgaf/ g]skf -Pdfn]_ wgs'6fn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] cfd;efnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ atfpg'ePsf] xf] . dfcf]jfbL;“u cem} klg lghL ;]gf /x]sf] / lzlj/ vfnL x'g g;s]sfn] p;nfO{ ;'/Iff;“u ;DalGwt dGqfno lbg gx'g] atfp““b} Pdfn]sf jl/i7 g]tf g]kfnn] dfcf]jfbL n8fs'x¿sf] ;dfof]hg tyf k'gM:yfkgf ePkl5 dfq} p;nfO{ ;'/Iff;“u ;DalGwt dGqfnox¿ lbg ;lsg] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] Pdfn] nufotsf ;+;b\df /x]sf nf]stflGqs kf6L{x¿sf] rfxgf clxn]sf] cj:yfdf dfcf]jfbLnfO{ u[x dGqfno h:tf] ;'/Iff;“u ;DalGwt dGqfno lbg gx'g] kIfdf /x]sf] atfpg'eof] .

u[x dGqfno gkfP ;/sf/d} ;xefuL x'“b}gf}“ eg]/ c8\8L s;]/ ga:g dfcf]jfbLnfO{ cfu|x ub}{ lgjt{dfg k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] oxL ;/sf/df ;a} bnx¿nfO{ ;dfj]z u/]/ /fli6«o ;xdltsf] ;/sf/sf] ¿k lbg'kg]{ atfpg'eof] . o;cl3sf] cfk\mgf] g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/sf] /fd|f sfo{x¿nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg jt{dfg ;/sf/nfO{ cfu|x ub}{ g]kfnn] lbuf] zflGt :yfkgf ug]{, ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f, ;'zf;g sfod ug'{ k|d'v sfo{ef/x¿ /x]sf] atfpg'eof] . d'n'ssf nflu Pdfn] g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/sf] vf“rf] /x]sf] k'li6 ePsf] atfp“b} g]kfnn] cfkm"kl5 cfk\mg} kf6L{sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnsf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ aGg' ;sf/fTds /x]sf] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] cufl8 eGg'eof]– …l3p sxf“ kf]lvof] < cfk\mg} ef“8f]df †Ú

Pdfn] / dfcf]jfbL cWoIfaLr ePsf] uf]Ko ;Demf}tfn] w]/} cfz+sfx¿ pTkGg u/fPsf] atfp““b} To;df /x]sf rf/ j6f a'“bfdf cfkm"x¿sf] c;xdlt /x]sf] atfpg'eof] . kf6L{sf] :yfoL sld6Lsf] a}7sdf klg cWoIf vgfnn] To;df uNtL ePsf] :jLsf/ ul/;Sg'ePsf] atfp“b} pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …h'g;'s} cj:yfdf klg Pdfn]n] cfkmgf] ljrf/ / l;4fGtaf6 ljrlnt x'“b}g . xfd|f] d"n dd{ hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfb xf] .Ú To;qmddf g]kfnn] cfk\mgf kf6L{sf g]tfx¿aLr s]xL ljjfb x'g' :jfefljs g} /x]sf] atfp“b} To;}sf sf/0faf6 sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ lg/fz gx'g cfu|x ug'{eof] . pxf“n] kf6L{ Ps eP/ cl3 a9\g] s'/fdf s'g} cfzª\sf gug{ klg cfu|x ug'{eof] .  zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ s]xL xb;Dd cfkm"n] cl3 a9fPsf] atfp“b} g]kfnn] casf] af“sL sfd jt{dfg ;/sf/n] k"/f ug]{ cfzf JoQm ug'{eof] . lgjt{dfg zflGt tyf k'glg{df{0f dGqL Pjd\ Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /sd r]Dhf]ªn] dfcf]jfbL n8fs'x¿sf] ;dfof]hg tyf k'gM:yfkgf geP;Dd zflGt k|lqmof g6'ª\lug] atfpg'eof] . ;efdf ljleGg kf6L{ kl/Tofu u/L Pdfn]df k|j]z ug]{ ;of}“ gjk|j]zLx¿nfO{ lgjt{dfg k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] cla/ 6Lsf nufO{ :jfut ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

Pdfn] wgs'6fsf cWoIf /fh]Gb| /fO{sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg ;efdf Pdfn]sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fh]Gb| uf}td / k"j{;f+;b uf]kfn u'/fufO+{n] klg af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf ufosåo ab|L k+u]gL / s[i0feQm /fO{, xf:o snfsf/ gf/b vltj8f / :yfgLo snfsf/x¿n] snf k|:t't u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf ljleGg hftLo e]ife"iff;lxtsf emf“sLx¿ klg k|:t't ul/Psf] lyof] . 

– s'nk|;fb /fO{


u[x cfkm}“n] lng'k5{ M cf]nL

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ lhNnf sld6L sf7df8f}“sf] cfof]hgfdf lhNnf:t/Lo a[xt\ sfo{stf{ e]nf cfOtaf/ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf :yfoL sld6L ;b:o s]kL zdf{ cf]nLsf] k|d'v cfltYotfdf e]nf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . e]nfdf k|d'v cltly cf]nLn] ;Daf]wgsf qmddf :yfoL sld6Ln] u/]sf] lg0f{o ;'gfp“b} eGg'eof]– …cufl8s} lg0f{o ;b/ ub}{ ;/sf/df dfcf]jfbLnfO{ u[x dGqfno glbO{ Pdfn] cfkm}“n] lng]5 . lsgeg], dfcf]jfbLsf] lgotdf vf]6 5 . To;}n] p;nfO{ u[x dGqfno geO{ x'Gg .Ú

pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …clxn] klg dfcf]jfbL ljb|f]xsf] tof/Ldf 5 . u[x dGqfno kfof] eg] km]l/ ;d:of v8f u5{ . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ hf]ufpgsf nflu / zflGt sfod} /fVg klg tTsfn u[x dGqfno lbg' x'“b}g . olb zflGt k|lqmof ;DkGg eO;s]sf] eP dfcf]jfbLnfO{ u[x dGqfno lb“bf s'g} cfklQ x'g] lyPg .Ú

sf7df8f}“ lhNnf sld6Lsf cWoIf lgd{n s'O“s]nsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg e]nfdf Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o/x¿ /fh]Gb| >]i7, s[i0fuf]kfn >]i7, of]u]z e§/fO{, /fd]Zj/ km'ofnnufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] . ;lrj ljBf;'Gb/ zfSon] ;~rfng u/]sf] ;f] e]nfdf pkfWoIf s[i0f /fO{n] :jfut ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


sf7df8f}“df uf]ljGb

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] sf7df8f}“ zfvfsf] lgjf{rgdf k]|; rf}tf/Ln] ljho xfl;n u/]sf] 5 . kmfu'g !# ut] ;DkGg zfvfsf] lgjf{rgdf k]|; rf}tf/Lsf pDd]bjf/ uf]ljGbk|;fb rf}nfufO{+n] k|ltåGåLeGbf ! ;o !% dt a9L NofO{ ljho xfl;n u/]sf 5g\ . rf}nfufO{+sf] pDd]bjf/LnfO{ qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;ª\3n] ;d]t ;dy{g u/]sf] lyof] .

o;}u/L, pkfWoIfdf 6LaL lj/xL lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ . ;lrjdf qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;ª\3sf bLks vgfn lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ . pgnfO{ k]|; rf}tf/Lsf] ;dy{g /x]sf] lyof] . o;}u/L, ;x;lrjdf rGb|dl0f e§/fO{ / sf]iffWoIfdf a}s'07 e08f/L lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\— .

!! hgf ;b:ox¿df of]u]z 9sfn, ;Ltf kf]v/]n, ;'>L lji0f' kGyL, s]zj Gof}kfg], dfgWjh nfdf, zLtnsfhL >]i7, ljdns'df/ yfkf, 1fgk|;fb af:tf]nf, z'es dxtf], /]0f'sf e§/fO{ / sflnsf dxt lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ . o;k6s k]|; rf}tf/L / qmflGtsf/LaLr pkTosfdf r'gfjL tfnd]n ePsf] lyof] .

To:t}, nlntk'/ lhNnf zfvfdf klg ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf sfo{;ldlt rog ul/Psf] 5 . nlntk'/df qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;ª\3sf k"0f{l;+x a/fOnLsf] g]t[Tjdf ul7t sfo{;ldltdf qmflGtsf/Ls} n]vgfy Gof}kfg] pkfWoIf / rf}tf/Lsf cd[tgfy ltldlN;gf ;lrj ePsf 5g\ . o;}u/L, ;x;lrjdf 1fgk|;fb kf}8]n / sf]iffWoIfdf k|Hjn >]i7 tyf ;b:ox¿df ;fu/ Gof}kfg], ls/0f e§/fO{, /fh]z zdf{, sNof0f kf}8]n, O{Zj/ dxh{g, uLtf ;fksf]6f, bLks l3ld/], ;'/Iff 7fs'/, ljh{gf e§, cGhnL /Dt]n, ;'lgn dxh{g / k|lj0f rf}w/L rog ePsf 5g\ .

sf7df8f}“af6 ! ;o !$ / nlntk'/af6 $# hgf s]Gb|Lo dxflwj]zgsf nflu k|ltlglw rog ePsf 5g\ .


u}/kqsf/åf/f kqsf/
dxf;ª\3 sAhf

l;Gw'nL . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3 u}/kqsf/x¿n] sAhf u/]sf] eGb} lhNnfdf lqmofzLn !* hgf kqsf/n] gof“ lgjf{rg k|lqmof ;'? ug{ dfu u/]sf 5g\ .

kmfu'g $ ut] ;DkGg dxf;ª\3sf] cf7f}“ lhNnf clwj]zgdf u}/kqsf/x¿nfO{ ;b:otf lbOPsf], ;b:oaf6 sf/afxL ul/PsfnfO{ k'gM ;b:o lbPsf] tyf tLg jif{eGbf a9L sfd ul/;s]sfnfO{ klg k"jf{u|xL 9ª\un] ;b:otf glbOPsf] eGb} ax'dt ;b:on] clwj]zg alxisf/ u/]kl5 klg hah{:tL gof“ g]t[Tj r'lgPsf] 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] lyof] .

lqmofzLn kqsf/x¿n] kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf s]Gb|Lo cWoIfnfO{ kq n]vL gof“ lgjf{rg k|lqmofsf] dfu u/]sf x'g\ . o:tf] dfu ug]{ kqsf/x¿df /]z/fh bfxfn, lnnfgfy l3ld/], åfl/sf sfkm\n], z+s/ ;f}uft, s[i0fxl/ l3ld/], nId0f l3ld/] nf]sxl/ cfrfo{, k|lhtf a'9fyf]sL, dL/f sfsL{, pdf kf}8]n, efjgf u'?ª, ;~ho bfxfn, sfhLdfg lyª, ;]t/dfg yf]s/, w'|jrGb| v8\sf, ?s' kf]v/]n, ljdnf kf08] / bLkgf/fo0f >]i7 5g\ . pgLx¿n] dfukqdf clwj]zgdf ePsf clgoldttfnfO{ a'“bfut ¿kdf pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . h;df, u}/kqsf/ / kf6L{ sfo{stf{nfO{ ;b:otf lbPsf] pNn]v 5 . g]kfnL sfª\u]|; lhNnf sfo{;ldltsf sf]iffWoIf z/b cfrfo{, dfcf]jfbLsf lhNnf sld6L ;b:ox¿ u0f]z /Tg, ;l/tf clwsf/L / pd]z kl/of/ tyf cg]/f:jljo' -qmflGtsf/L_ sf lhNnf ;b:o gjLg >]i7nfO{ ;b:otf lbOPsf] pNn]v 5 .

To:t}, kqsfl/tf g} gu/]sf d~h' ltvf, ljgf]b /fodfemL, xf]ds'df/ sfsL{, /fhg ljs, sdn l;Ub]n, k|df]brGb| uh'/]n / /]vgfy bfxfnnfO{ klg ;b:otf lbOPsfn] tL ;a} ;b:otf vf/]hLsf] dfu ul/Psf] 5 . kqsf/ dxf;ª\3 s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] u7g u/]sf] ;b:otf 5fglag ;ldltn] ;b:otf lbg g;lsg] eg]/ l;kmfl/z u/]sf 6Lsfhª\u yfkf / clgtf a/fnnfO{ klg ;b:osf] gfdfjnLdf ;dfj]z u/]sfn] tL gfd x6fpg;d]t dfu ul/Psf] 5 .


;"rgf k|ljlwdf u8a8L

sf7df8f}“ . b]zel/ ;"rgf k|ljlw lj:tf/ ug]{ p2]Zon] vf]lnPsf] /fli6«o ;"rgf k|ljlw s]Gb| sfd ug{ g;s]/ nyflnª\u ePsf] 5 . Toxf“ sfo{/t sd{rf/Ls} sf/0f s]Gb| c:tJo:t ag]sf] atfOG5  .

ljleGg bft[ lgsfon] ;"rgf k|ljlwsf] lj:tf/ / ljsf;sf nflu lbPsf] s/f]8f}“ ¿lkof“sf] ;b'kof]u x'g g;s]sf] Ps sd{rf/Ln] atfP . Pl;ofnL ljsf; a}ª\ssf] ;xof]udf d'n'ssf] k|d'v k|zf;lgs s]Gb| l;+xb/af/leq lj:tf/ ug]{ elgPsf] ;"rgf ;~hfn clxn];Dd lj:tf/ x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . s]Gb|sf xflsd / sd{rf/Ls} sf/0f of] sfo{ cufl8 a9\g g;s]sf] …a'waf/Ú nfO{ k|fKt ;dfrf/df pNn]v 5 .

s]Gb|sf pklgb]{zs ljsn kf}8\ofn / OlGhlgo/ ;'bLk 8f“uLsf] ldn]dtf]df cgflws[t ¿kdf ljleGg lghL sDkgL tyf ;ª\3;+:yfnfO{ ;"rgf ;~hfn lj:tf/ ug{ lbPsf] lhDdf clxn];Dd ;'? x'g g;s]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . sld;gsf] v]ndf nfu]sf pgLx¿n] lghL sDkgL;“u sfd lbPafkt dfu]sf] sld;gdf s'/f gldn]kl5 ;~hfn lj:tf/sf] sfo{ g} cufl8 a9\g g;s]sf] /  pgLx¿nfO{ s]Gb|sf k|d'v cg'k af:sf]6fn] ;fy lbO/x]sf] ;|f]t atfof] .

sf]l/ofnL bft[ lgsfoaf6 k|fKt cg'bfg /sd;d]t pgLx¿s} sf/0f cnkq k/]sf] 5 . s]Gb|sf] cfufdL of]hgf;d]t k|:6 kfl/Psf] 5}g .


uLtfdfly b'Jo{jxf/

alb{of . alb{of 6fOD; /fli6«o b}lgssL k|sfzs Pjd\ sfo{sf/L ;Dkfbs uLtf clwsf/Ldfly s[i0f;f/ ko{6g dxf]T;jsf ;+of]hs tyf ;b:ox¿n] b'Jo{jxf/ u/]sf 5g\ . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3nufotsf ;+3÷;+:yfx¿n] To;sf] eT;gf{ u/]sf 5g\ .

;~rf/dfWod ;d]t aGb u/fpg] wDsL lbg] pBf]u Jofkf/ ;+3 u'nl/ofsf cWoIf cd/axfb'/ v8\sf / lzlIfsf ;/nf /]UdLdfly sf/jfxLsf] dfu ul/Psf] 5 . alb{{of s[i0f;f/ ko{6g dxf]T;j @)^& sf] rf}yf} lbg zlgjf/ lbpF;f] dxf]T;j:yndf ;dfrf/ ;+sng ug{ k'u]sL kqsf/ clwsf/LnfO alb{of 6fOD; b}lgsdf ;dfrf/ k|sfzg u/]sf] laifonfO lnP/ dxf]T;j d'n ;df/f]x ;ldltsf ;+of]hs P+j u'nl/of pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3sf cWoIf v8\sfn] klqsf aGb ug]{ wDsL lbPsf lyP eg] / dxDdbk'/l:yt g]/fk|fljsf b'Uwsf lzlIfsf ;d]t /x]sL dxf]T;jsL ;b:o ;/nf /]UdLn] n5f/k5f/ u/]sL lyOg\ . lzlIfsf /]UdLnfO{ u}/sfg'gL ¿kdf alb{of s[i0f;f/ ko{6g dxf]T;jsf] nflu sfhdf v6fOPsf] ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ePsf] lyof] .


anfdL klg s] sd †

sf7df8f}“ . …cfkm\gf] ufpm“, cfkm}“ agfcf}“Ú eGg] d"n gf/fsf ;fy anfdL Pstf ;dfh u7g ul/Psf] 5 . dsjfgk'/ lhNnfsf] pQ/L If]ql:yt ah|jf/fxL uflj;– @, lnnfv]nsf :yfgLo o'jfx¿sf] kxndf sf7df8f}“df ePsf] e]nfn] ;f] ;dfh u7g u/]sf] xf] .

;f] ;dfhn] ;fdflhs ljs[lt / lj;+ultlj?4 ;a} o'jfx¿nfO{ Psh'6 x'g cfu|x u/]sf] 5 . pQm e]nfn] ;dfhsf] cWoIfdf /fdhL anfdL / ;lrjdf ;u'g anfdLnfO{ rog u/]sf] 5 . cWoIf anfdLn] hftLo ¿kdf k5fl8 k/]sf anfdLx¿sf] klxrfg ug{] tyf ;dfhdf /x]sf ljs[ltx¿nfO{ Go"gLgs/0f ub{} n}hfg] nIosf ;fy ;dfh u7g ul/Psf] atfpg'eof] .

ufp“–3/df hGtL / dnfdL hfg ;d]t o'jfx¿sf] cefj /x]sf] eGb} :yfgLo ¿kdf pknAw cj;/x¿sf] klxrfg u/L o'jfnfO{ cfkm\g} wtL{df ;b'kof]u ug{ ljleGg ;ª\3–;:yfx¿;“u ;xsfo{ ub{} cufl8 a9\g] klg ;f]xL cj;/df hfgsf/L lbOof] . lk5l8Psf] dflgg] anfdL hfltsf] ¿kfGt/0fsf nflu ;~rflnt o'jfx¿sf] ;f] cleofgdf ;fy lbg ;/sf/L tyf u}/;/sf/L ;ª\3–;:yf, kqsf/, gful/s cu'jfnufotnfO{ cfu|x ul/Psf] 5 .


nlntk'/df cleofg

nlntk'/ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ nlntk'/ lhNnf:t/Lo cu'jf sfo{stf{ e]nf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . e]nfsf] pb\3f6g k|wfgdGqL Pjd\ g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] nugv]nsf] ;femf kf6L{ Kofn];df ug'{ePsf] lyof] .
tLgdlxg] ;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0f cleofgcGtu{t lhNnfel/sf cu'jf sfo{stf{nfO{ ;d;fdlos ;jfnx¿af/] k|lzIf0f lbg cfof]lht ;f] sfo{qmddf tLg ;o cu'jf sfo{stf{sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] cfof]hsn] atfPsf 5g\ .
lhNnf cWoIf dw';"bg kf}8]nsf] cWoIftf / pkfWoIf xl/s[i0f Jo~hgsf/sf] ;~rfngdf ;DkGg e]nfdf cWoIf vgfnsf ;fy} g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo ;Nnfxsf/ sld6Lsf cWoIf l;l4nfn l;+x, kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o /3'hL kGt, s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pjd\ pkTosf O~rfh{ /fh]Gb| >]i7, s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ;'zLnf g]kfnnufotn] sfo{stf{nfO{ k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

k|lzIf0fkl5 ;xefuLx¿sf] If]qut ¿kdf ;DkGg ;d"x 5nkmnn] If]q / zfvf tx;Ddsf] tLgdlxg] ;ª\u7g ;'b[9Ls/0f cleofgsf] of]hgf;d]t lgdf{0f u/]sf] 5 .


/f}tx6sf] agef]h

g]skf -Pdfn]_ /f}tx6–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rn] jgef]h sfo{qmd u/]sf] 5 . zlgaf/ ;DkGg jgef]hdf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf jl/i7 g]tf Pjd\ k"j{k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfn k|d'v cltly x''g'x'GYof] .

/fhwfgLdf /x]sf] b'O{ ;oeGbf a9L /f}tx6jf;L ;f] sfo{qmddf pkl:ylt lyof] . sfo{qmddf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o 8f= j+zLw/ ld>, sNof0fL v8\sf, gf/fo0fL ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf gj/fh ltldlN;gf, ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf ;efklt ;fw'/fd sfsL{, ;ef;b\ cAb'n snfd cfhfb / ;/nf ofbj, k"j{;lrj /fd:j¿k l;Gxf, Pdfn] ljb]z ljefu ;b:o k|Hjn rfkfufO{+, :s'n ljefu ;b:o nfnafa' ofbj, c~rnsf k"j{cWoIf lul/w/ ld>nufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] .

;f]xL cj;/df kf“r j6f If]qLo ;Dks{ d~r klg u7g ul/Psf] 5 . Ps gDa/ If]qdf k|df]b cfrfo{sf] cWoIftfdf 5 ;b:oLo, b'O{ gDa/ If]qdf Ps/fd'n xssf] g]t[Tjdf kf“r ;b:oLo, rf/ gDa/ If]qdf ;/f]h ofbjsf] cWoIftfdf gf} ;b:oLo, kf“r gDa/ If]qdf uDeL/hª\u a:g]tsf] cWoIftfdf !)( ;b:oLo / 5 gDa/ If]qdf gGbnfn ltdlN;gfsf] cWoIftfdf !@ ;b:oLo d~r u7g u/]sf] 5 .


;ª\ul7tnfO{ zky

sf:sL . g]skf -Pdfn]_ ;Nofg ufp“ sld6Lsf] cfof]hgfdf gof“ ;ª\ul7t ;b:ox¿nfO{ ;ky u/fOPsf] 5 . lhNnf ;ª\u7g ljefu k|d'v bfdf]b/ j}/fuLn] pgLx¿nfO{ ;ky u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] .

a}/fuLn] gof ;ª\ul7t ;b:ox¿n] Kff6L{sf] l;4fGt / sfo{qmdnfO{ a'em]/ Jofks hgtfaLr n}hfg'kg{] atfpg'eof] . ufp“ sld6L cWoIf lnnfw/ kf}8]nsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg ;f] sfo{qmddf lhNnf sld6L ;b:o lji0f' s];Ln] klg dGtJo /fVg'ePsf] lyof] .

o;cl3 :yfgLo kf6L{ ;+:yfks s[i0f s];Lsf] $% cf}+ ltlydf Ps >4f~hnL sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .


b'uf{nfO{ tLg nfv

sf7df8f}“ . emfkf cfGbf]ngsf k'/fgf sDo'lg:6 of]4f b'uf{ clwsf/L …;fgf]ÚnfO{ gub tLg nfv ?lkof“ x:tfGt/0f ul/Psf] 5 .

g]skf -Pdfn]_ pkTosf k];fut a'l4hLjL ljz]if lhNnf sld6Ln] pknAw u/fPsf] ;f] /sd zlgaf/ emfkfdf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf pxf“nfO{ x:tfGt/0f ul/Psf] xf] . cfly{s ;ª\s6sf] rk]6fdf kg'{ePsf clwsf/LnfO{ Pdfn] emfkf lhNnf sld6Lsf cWoIf /jLg sf]O/fnfn] ;f] /sd x:tfGt/0f ug'{ePsf] xf] . sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngdf nfu]/ !& jif{ h]nhgLjg latfPsf clwsf/L xfn emfkfsf] w'nfaf/Ll:yt l6dfO{ au/df /x]sf] ;fgf] em'k|f]df hLjg u'hfb}{ x'g'x'G5 .

k];fut lhNnf sld6Ln] pxf“nfO{ /fhwfgLsf] x]lNkª x]G8 c:ktfndf hLjge/ lgMz'Ns pkrf/ ;]jf;d]t ldnfPsf] 5 . To:t}, kf6L{n] g} clwsf/LsL 5f]/L /IffnfO{ pRr lzIff cWoogsf nflu;d]t Joj:yf ldnfPsf] 5 . s]xL ;ftfcl3 /fhwfgLdf af]nfP/ pxf“nfO{ clegGbg;d]t ul/Psf] lyof] .


clvndf r'gfjsf] rxnkxn

sf7df8f}“ . :jtGq ljBfyL{ o'lgogsf] lgjf{rg glhls“b} ubf{ cg]/f:jljo' cfkm\gf sfdx¿nfO{ Jojl:yt ug{ h'6]sf] 5 . cfufdL r}tdf :jljo' lgjf{rg ug]{ lqe'jg ljZjljBfnon] tof/L cl3 a9fO/x]sf a]nf clvnn] ;ª\u7g lgdf{0f, kl/rfng, u7g Pjd\ k'gMu7gsf] sfd tLj| kf/]sf] 5 .

clvn tgx'“sf] !* cf}“ lhNnf ;Dd]ng zlgaf/ bdf}nLdf ;DkGg eof] . dxf;lrj lszf]/ljqmd dNnn] pb\3f6g u/]sf] ;Dd]ngn] t]hk|;fb jfUn]sf] cWoIftfdf @% ;b:oLo gof“ lhNnf g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] 5 . sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f6g ;qnfO{ g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo cg'zf;g cfof]usf ;lrj xl/ ;fksf]6f, ;b:o zflGt vgfn, Pdfn] lhNnf cWoIf s]bf/ l;Ub]n, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf ;b:o lrq yfkf, k|tfknfn >]i7 / clvn klZrdf~rn k|d'v lbnLk Gof}kfg]n] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . t]hk|;fb jfUn]sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;Dd]ng cfof]hs sld6Lsf ;+of]hs cf/s] kf]v/]nn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

clvn sf:sL SofDk; lhNnf sld6Lsf] cfof]hgfdf a'waf/ lhNnf:t/Lo k|lzIf0f sfo{qmd ;DkGg eof] . lhNnf kf6L{ sfof{nodf cfof]lht sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f6g Pdfn] u08sL c~rn ;lrj ;f]dgfy Kof;Ln] ug'{eof] .
Kof;Ln] …d'n'ssf] ;d;fdlos kl/l:yltÚ, clvnsf s]Gb|Lo ;ª\u7g ljefu k|d'v /ZdL cfrfo{n] …clvnsf] sfo{gLlt / sfo{lbzfÚ, klZrdf~rn k|d'v lbnLk Gof}kfg]n] …:jljo' lgjf{rgsf] sfo{of]hgfÚ, clvnsf k"j{ ;lrjfno ;b:o Odfg/fh kf}8]nn] …;ª\u7g lgdf{0f / kl/rfngÚ Pjd\ kf6L{ ;ª\u7g ljefu k|d'v bfdf]b/ a}/fuLn] …hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfbÚ sf ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . SofDk; sld6Lsf cWoIf lji0f' uf}tdsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;'hg clwsf/Ln] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

o;}u/L, cg]/f:jljo' ef]hk'/sf] @@ cf}“ lhNnf ;Dd]ng b]p/fnLsf] em\ofp“kf]v/Ldf eJo ¿kdf ;DkGg eof] . ;Dd]ngsf] clvn dxf;lrj lszf]/ljqmd dNnn] pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . ;Dd]ngn] vu]Gb| lji6sf] cWoIftfdf @( ;b:oLo gof“ g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] 5 .

sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f6g ;qnfO{ clvnsf k"j{cWoIf /fh]Gb|s'df/ /fO{, Pdfn] lhNnf cWoIf z]/wg /fO{, pkfWoIf /fdl;+x /fO{, k"j{;f+;b b]jz+s/ kf}8]n, ;lrjfno ;b:o s[kfz'/ z]kf{, z/0f /fO{nufotn] z'esfdgf dGtJo lbg'ePsf] lyof] . lhNnf ;Dd]ng cfof]hs sld6Lsf ;+of]hs ds/ v8\sfsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ljsf; /fO{n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

To;}u/L, cg]/f:jljo' ;+v'jf;efsf] cfof]hgfdf xfn} b'O{lbg] lhNnf:t/Lo k|lzIf0f sfo{qmd ;DkGg eof] . sfo{qmdsf] clvn dxf;lrj lszf]/ljqmd dNnn] pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . pxf“n] …clvnsf] ljutb]lv jt{dfg / ;du| z}lIfs cfGbf]ngÚ, /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:o t'n;L Gof}kfg]n] …g]skfsf] Oltxf;Ú, o'jf g]tf ljb'/ rfln;]n] …bz{gzf:qÚ, lhNnf cWoIf pd]z 8f“uLn] …hahÚ, clvn s]Gb|Lo ;b:o xs{ x]b]ªn] …;ª\u7g kl/rfng / ljwfgÚ / kf6L{ lhNnf ;b:o v8\u /fO{n] …g]t[Tj ljsf; / g]t[Tjdf x'g'kg]{ u'0fÚsf ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . lhNnf cWoIf xl/ lnDa"sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng /fh]z v8\sfn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

o';}aLr, ut zlgaf/ cg]/f:jljo' hgd}qL ax'd'vL SofDk; sld6Lsf] e]nf ;DkGg eof] . e]nfn] k|sfz lg/f}nfsf] cWoIftf / ;'ljg yklnofnfO{ ;lrjdf rog ub}{ @! ;b:oLo sld6L lgdf{0f u/]sf] 5 . clvnsf SofDk; sld6Lsf ;+:yfks cWoIf ljsf; cfrfo{sf] k|d'v cfltYotfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] k|sfz lg/f}nfsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .

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