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lbg uGtL M zflGt / ;+ljwfg

ljZn]if0f
k|bLk 1jfnL

gof“ ;/sf/ ag]sf] kf“r xKtf laTg nfUbf klg zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] k|Zgn] ck]lIft ult lng ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . o;aLr, ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] sfpG6 8fpg ;'? eO;s]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fcufj} zflGt k|lqmof lgisif{df k'Ug'kg]{ afWosf/L Joj:yf 5 . o:tf] l:yltdf af“sL /x]sf] *) lbgsf] ;do;Ldfleq zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ k"0f{tf lbg] / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fnfO{ 6'ª\uf]df k'¥ofpg] xfd|f] bfloTj sDtL r'gf}tLk"0f{ 5}g .

To;f] t, ;+ljwfg;ef ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] P]ltxfl;s bfloTj k"/f gu/L lj36g x'g ;Sb}g / cGtl/d ;+ljwfgdf tf]lsPsf] ;dofjlweGbf ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug'{ dxŒjk"0f{ s'/f xf] eg]/ ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] u/]sf] km};nfn] s}of}“ cg'Ql/t k|Zgsf] hjfkm lbg] / pTkGg cfzª\sfnfO{ d]6fpg] sfd u/]sf] 5 . t/, ;jf]{Rrsf] of] km};nfnfO{ tf]lsPsf] bfloTj tf]lsPsf] ;do;Ldfleq k"/f gug]{, cfkm\gf] csd{0otfnfO{ 9fs5f]k ug]{ / ljleGg axfgfafhL u/]/ ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb yKg] df}sfsf] ¿kdf b'¿kof]u ug'{ x'“b}g . ;jf]{Rrsf] km};nfsf] ;f/ eg]sf] /fhgLlts l/Qmtf k}bf x'g glbg] s'/fdf tyf P]ltxfl;s ;+ljwfg;efeGbf aflx/ uP/ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{ vf]Hg] k|j[lQnfO{ lg?T;flxt ug]{ xb;Dd ;Lldt 5, ;+ljwfg;efsf] cfo' cgGtsfn;Dd nDAofpg] s'/fdf xf]Og .

oBlk, ca ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf ljjflbt ljifosf] ufDeLo{n] dfq} xf]Og, ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf nflu rflxg] k|lqmofsf lx;fan] klg ;do lgs} l9lKs“b} uPsf] 5 . Psflt/ xfdLn] 6'ª\Uofpg'kg]{ ;+ljwfgsf s]xL hl6n ljjfb– vf;u/L zf;sLo :j¿k, lgjf{rg k|0ffnL, gof“ ;+ljwfgsf] nf]stflGqs rl/q / ;d"x clwsf/h:tf ljifo af“sL g} 5g\ eg] /fHosf] ;ª\3Lo 9f“rf lgwf{/0fsf] k|Zg /fhgLlts bnx¿aLr ;xdlt eP/ dfq} klg 6'lª\ug] l:yltdf 5}g . cfdhgtfdf klg o;sf] ;/f]sf/ /x]sf] x'“bf o;n] Jofks ;fj{hlgs ax;, cGt/;+jfb / lj1 k/fdz{sf] dfu u5{ . s] olt 5f]6f] ;doleq oL ;a} ljifo 6'ª\Uofpg' ;Dej xf]nf <

;+ljwfg lgdf{0fcufj} zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ 6'ª\Uofpg'k5{ eGg] s'/fdf ;fob} ljjfb xf]nf . t/, zflGt k|lqmofsf s]xL hl6n k|Zgdf sfod ljjfb ;f“3'l/g ;s]sf] 5}g . vf;u/L dfcf]jfbL n8fs'x¿sf] ;dfof]hgsf] df]8fln6L s] x'g] < n8fs'x¿n] k"/f ug'{kg]{ dfkb08nfO{ s'g xb;Dd v's'nf] kfg]{ < ;dfof]hgsf] ;DefJo ;ª\Vofsf] 6'ª\uf] s'g ljlwaf6 ug]{ < clg, ;dfof]hg / k'gM:yfkgfsf] sfo{tflnsfnfO{ ljZj;gLo, Jofjxfl/s / sfof{Gjogof]Uo s;/L agfpg] < zflGt k|lqmofsf oL r'/f] k|Zgdf uDeL/ ax; x'g kfPsf] 5}g . zflGt k|lqmofdf hlt l9nfO eof], o;n] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / ;ª\qmd0fsfnsf] Joj:yfkgnfO{ Tolt g} r'gf}tLk"0f{ agfOlbg]5 .

dfcf]jfbL n8fs'x¿sf] 5'§} kmf];{ agfpg] of ;]gfdf ;d"xut ;dfof]hg u/fpg] dfcf]jfbL c8fg lbuf] zflGt :yfkgfsf] b[li6n] hf]lvdk"0f{ / xfgLsf/s 5 . o;n] åGåsfnLg s6'tf, t'if / zq'tfefjnfO{ ;dfKt kfb}{ ;femf dgf]lj1fgsf] ljsf; ug{ ;3fp“b}g . o;n] nfdf] ;do;Dd ;dfgfGt/ ;'/Iff zlQmsf], k|lt:kwf{ / ltQmtfsf] efjgfnfO{ sfod} /fV5 . bL3{sfnLg zflGt :yfkgfsf] b[li6n] of] cfTd3ftL x'g ;S5 . lgZro g}, dfcf]jfbL n8fs'x¿sf] ;Ddfghgs ;dfof]hg x'g'k5{ / pgLx¿sf] ;d:ofsf] ;+j]bgzLntfnfO{ ;a}n] Wofg lbg}k5{, t/ o;sf nflu /fli6«o ;'/Iff kmf}hsf] Jofj;flostf, t6:ytf / u}//fhgLlts rl/qsf] d"No r'sfpg ;ls“b}g . hlt l56f] PsLs[t g]skf - dfcf]jfbL_ of] oyfy{nfO{ cfTd;ft ug{ tof/ x'G5, Tolt l56f] ;d:ofsf] Jofjxfl/s ;dfwfg vf]Hg ;Dej x'g]5 .

t/, ;/sf/df ;xefuL eO;Sbf klg dfcf]jfbL p2]Zo / gLltdf /x]sf] låljwf / lj/f]wfefif sfod} 5g\ . u[x dGqfnosf] dfcf]jfbL c3]{NofO“ / ;fta'“b] ;xdltsf] cfkm"v';L JofVofn] ubf{ ;ª\qmd0fsfnsf] of] lg0ff{os / ;+j]bgzLn kf“r xKtfsf] ;do Joy{ uof] . o;aLr, ;'/Iff;DaGwL dGqfno dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lbg] dfdnfdf g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf] c;xdltsf] cGto{nfO{ dfcf]jfbLn] a'‰g} rfx]g . ;bgsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] kf6L{nfO{, Tof] klg of] ;/sf/sf] lg0ff{os ;ª\36snfO{ ;'/Iff;DaGwL dGqfno lbg ;ls“b}g eGg' ;fdfGo cj:yfdf eP c/fhgLlts / cnf]stflGqs ts{ x'g hfGYof] . x}l;otsf] lx;fan] x]g]{ xf] eg] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ u[x dGqfno t s], k|wfgdGqLs} bfaL ug]{ xs nfU5 . t/, zflGt k|lqmofsf] ;+j]bgzLntf, ljutsf wf]vf / bnx¿aLrsf] cljZjf;sf] ljz]if l:yltn] ubf{ zflGt k|lqmofn] lglZrt ljGb' k|fKt gu?GHofn dfcf]jfbLn] o:tf ;+j]bgzLn dGqfnodf l9kL ug'{ x'“b}g eGg] ts{;ª\ut k|:tfj cufl8 ;fl/Psf] xf] . To;/L g}, ;fta'“b] ;xdltn] /fli6«o /fhgLltnfO{ w'|jLs/0flt/ n}hfg] ljefhgsf/L e"ldsf v]Ng' x'“b}g . ljutsf ;xdlteGbf k[ys\ 9ª\un] zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ cufl8 n}hfg] c8fg lnP/ cGo bnnfO{ em:sfpg' x'“b}g / ;ª\3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqnfO{ sdhf]/ ug]{ sfd ug'{ x'“b}g eg]/ :ki6 kfg{ vf]lhPsf] xf] .

of] ;/sf/sf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] r'gf}tL /fli6«o /fhgLltnfO{ ;DefJo w'|jLs/0faf6 hf]ufpg', eml:sPsf sfª\u|];nufot dw];L bnx¿nfO{ ljZjf;df lng' / cfkm\gf] sf“wdf cfPsf] zflGt / ;+ljwfgnfO{ uGtJodf k'¥ofpg] P]ltxfl;s cj;/nfO{ k"0f{ ;b'kof]u ug'{ xf] . w]/} xb;Dd o; ;/sf/sf] ;kmntf c;kmntf dfcf]jfbL Jojxf/dfly e/ kg]{5 . dfcf]jfbL lhDd]jf/ aGg] xf] eg], …lk; ckm]G;Ú sf ;fy k|:t't x'“b} / ;+ljwfgsf ljjflbt ljifodf nrstf b]vfp“b} cufl8 a9\g] xf] eg] zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] cfwf/ tof/ x'“b} hfG5 . To;n] cfh lsgf/fdf a;]/ /ldtf x]g{ vf]Hg] zlQmdfly klg zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf nflu ;/sf/df ;xefuL x'g] bafa a9\b} hfG5 . g]kfnL sfª\u|];nufot zlQmnfO{ ;fydf lnP/ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{ / zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ uGtJodf k'¥ofpg ;Sg] xf] eg] ;/sf/sf] ;f“rf] cy{df ;fGble{stf k'li6 x'g]5 . t/, ljZjljBfno b]v] ljZjljBfnonfO{ Jof/]s agfpg] pQ]hs efif0f ug]{ / xf]6]n, Sofl;gf] / sf/vfgf b]v] ToxL“ aª\s/ agfpg] u}/lhDd]jf/ cleJolQm lb“b} lx“8\g] xf] eg] clg d'Vo d'2fnfO{ cf]em]ndf 5f8]/ cd"s dGqfnosf kl5kl5 s'b\g] xf] eg] xfd|f] xftaf6 zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] of] ;Dejt M clGtd ;sf/fTds ljsNk klg v]/ hfg ;Sg]5 .

To;kl5 xfdL;“u s'g ljsNk af“sL /xnf <


dGqL dfUg]sf] nsf]{

sf7df8f}“ . dGqL aGg] cfsfª\IfLx¿sf] eL8nfO{ PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_n] Joj:yfkg ug{ g;Sbf dlGqd08nnfO{ k"0f{tf lbg] sfd nlDag] ePsf] 5 . ;oeGbf a9L cfsfª\IfLx¿sf] gfdaf6 aNntNn rf/hgf dGqLsf] 6'ª\uf] nufPsf] dfcf]jfbLleq af“sL ;ft dGqfnosf nflu tLgy/L ;"rL tof/ ePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn / pkfWoIfåo df]xg j}B / 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] cf–cfkm\g} ;"rL tof/ kf/]sfn] dGqLsf] gfd 6'+ª\Uofpg xDd] kg]{ dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tn] atfof] . pwf/f] u[xdGqLdf k|:tfljt jif{dfg k'g / b]j u'?ªaLrsf] emu8fnfO{ aNntNn Joj:yfkg u/] klg u[xdf u'?ªsf gfddf cem} nkm8f x'g] atfOG5 . pwf/f] u[xdGqL cfkm"n] gkfpg] lgisif{df k'u]sf j}Bn] u'?ªnfO{ u[xdGqL agfpg] lnlvt ;xdlt gag];Dd af“sL dGqLsf nflu 5nkmn g} cufl8 ga9fpg] c8fg lnPsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

oBlk, lxhf] laxfg dfq dlGqd08nnfO{ k"0f{tf lbg] ljifodf k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfn / dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnaLr s'/fsfgL ePsf] 5 . lxhf] laxfg kf}g] ( ah] afn'jf6f/ k'u]sf bfxfnn] k|d vgfnaLr cfwf 3G6f s'/fsfgL u/]sf lyP . s'/fsfgLdf kmfu'g dlxgfleq} dlGqkl/ifb\nfO{ k"0f{tf lbg] k|lta4tf b'j} g]tfn] JoQm u/]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . df3 @) ut] k|wfgdGqLdf lgo'Qm ePkl5 cfkm\g} kf6L{sf tLg g]tfnfO{ lagfljefuLo dGqLsf ¿kdf zky v'jfpg'ePsf k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] emG8} Ps dlxgfkl5 ut z'qmaf/ ;fgf] cfsf/sf] dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;Qf ;dLs/0fsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] bn dfcf]jfbLsf rf/ dGqLn] kbef/ u|x0f ul/;s]kl5 ;8sdf ;'? ePsf] cfo'sf] lbgluGtLsf] rrf{ ;]nfP klg dlGqkl/ifb\ k"0f{tfsf] ;ª\s6 eg] ;'lNemPsf] 5}g .

vgfn g]t[Tj ;/sf/nfO{ b'O{ ltxfOsf] ;dy{g /x] klg dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/df b]lvPsf] l9nfOn] cg]svfnsf cGof]n a9fPsf] 5 . dGqfno af“8kmf“6sf ljifodf 7"nf] ;ª\s6 geP klg dGqLx¿sf] gfddf u7aGwg ;a} bndf ;d:of /x]sf] atfOG5 . Pdfn]sf Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] eg]– …dfcf]jfbLdf hlt 7"nf] ;d:of 5, Tof]eGbf ;fgf] ;d:of Pdfn] leq} klg 5}g .Ú k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] zky lng'ePsf] ef]lnkN6} a;]sf] :yfoL sld6L a}7sn] ljefuLo lhDd]jf/L lbg] sfddf ePsf] olt nfdf] ;dosf] nkm8fn] cem} :j:y Joj:yfkgsf] ¿k lng;s]sf] 5}g . To;kl5 a;]sf] s]Gb|Lo sld6Ln] dGqLsf ljifodf 6'ª\uf] nufpg] lhDdf :yfoL sld6LnfO{ lbPsf] lyof] . t/, klxn]sf] lg0f{odf pTkGg ljjfbs} sf/0f :yfoL ;ldltsf] k"0f{ a}7s a:g / af“sL dGqLsf ljifodf 5nkmn x'g;d]t ;s]sf] 5}g .

!! j6f dGqfno xftdf lnP/ a;]sf] dfcf]jfbLn] rf/ dGqfnodf dGqL k7fP klg c¿sf] ljifodf cem} 6'ª\uf] nufpg ;s]sf] 5}g . tLg g]tfsf ;"rLdf /x]sf ! ;o !) hgfsf] gfdnfO{ 5f“6\g 7"n} kl;gf r'xfpg'kg]{ ;ª\s6 dfcf]jfbLdf /x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . b'O{ 7"nf ;Qf ;fem]bf/ bnleqsf] ;ª\s6sf] of] c;/ ;/sf/df ;xeflutf hgfpg] lg0f{o ul/;s]sf c¿ bndf klg k|ToIf ¿kdf k/]sf] atfOG5 .

;fgfaf6 dGqL to

;|f]tsf cg';f/, g]skf -dfn]_ n] kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o vu]Gb| k|;fO+{, dfn] -;dfhjfbL_n] hutaxfb'/ af]u6L / /fHodGqLdf ob'j+z emf, tdnf]kf g]kfnn] cWoIf dx]Gb|k|;fb ofbjnfO{ dGqLdf k7fpg] lg0f{o ul/;s]sf 5g\ . t/, 7"nf bnsf] ;d:of g6/];Dd ;fgf bnnfO{ ;xefuL u/fpg] ljifon] Tolt w]/} dxŒj g/fVg] ePsfn] ;fgf bnsf] ;xeflutfk|lt Wofg PsLs[t gePsf] atfOG5 . dfcf]jfbLsf klg s]xL dGqLn] lhDd]jf/L ;Dxfln;s]sfn] csf]{ 7"nf] bn dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/dnfO{ Nofpg] ljifodf a9L Wofg s]lGb|t ePsf] k|wfgdGqLlgs6 ;|f]tn] atfof] . kmf]/d;“usf] s'/fsfgL 6'ª\luPkl5 ToxL r/0fdf ;fgf bnsf dGqLnfO{ klg zky v'jfOg] pQm ;|f]tn] atfof] . pmhf{ dGqfno dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lbg] ;xdltkl5 s]xL lalRsPsf] kmf]/dnfO{ kmsfpg k|of; eO/x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . pmhf{ kfPdf cWoIf pk]Gb| ofbj, ;xcWoIf hok|;fb u'Ktf / /]0f' ofbj kmf]/daf6 ;/sf/df ;xefuL x'g] a'lemPsf] 5 .

cfsf/ a9\g]

Psflt/ dlGqkl/ifb\n] k"0f{tf kfpg] ljifod} atfOG5 . k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] ;s];Dd /fHodGqL gagfP/ ;fgf] cfsf/sf] dlGqd08n agfpg] ;f]r /fVg'ePsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . t/, ! ;o !) hgfsf] ;"rL af]s]sf] dfcf]jfbLn] sl7g Joj:yfkg ubf{ klg /fHo gagfO{ gx'g] cj:yf /x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . sltko ;fgf bnn] /fHodGqLsf] gfd} 6'ª\UofO{ klg ;s]sf 5g\ . o;n] ubf{ klg @^ j6f dGqfnodf /fHodGqL;d]t agfp“bf o;sf] cfsf/ a9\g] lglZrt 5 . Tolt dfq xf]Og, oxL ;/sf/nfO{ /fli6«o ;xdltsf] ;/sf/sf] :j¿k lbg] k|of; klg eO/x]sf] atfOG5 . sfª\u]|;, kmf]/d -nf]stflGqs_ tdnf]kfh:tf bn klg ;/sf/df cfpg] sfNklgs cg'dfg nufpg] xf] eg] dlGqkl/ifb\sf] cfsf/ hDaf] x'g] lglZrt 5 .

cGof]n oyfjt\

dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/df ePsf] l9nfOn] b}lgs k|zf;lgs sfddf lzlyntf t NofPsf] 5 g}, d"n Ph]G8f zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] sfd klg k|efljt ag]sf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] h]7 !$ leq gof“ ;+ljwfg hf/L x'g g;Sg] s'/f cfkm"n] sNkgf klg ug{ g;Sg] atfO;Sg'ePsf] 5 . gof“ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf nflu tf]lsPsf] ;do ca *) lbg dfq af“sL 5 . *) lbgleq oxL cj:yfaLr gof“ ;+ljwfg aGg] sNkgf dfq} ug'{ klg nHhf:kb t 5“b}5, Tof] ldltdf ;+ljwfg aGg b'O{ dlxgfleq} dfcf]jfbL n8fs' ;dfof]hg / Joj:yfkgsf] sfd 6'ª\lug'kg]{ csf]{ hah{:t kl/l:ylt klg sfod g} 5 . *) lbgsf] of] cjlwdf dlGqkl/ifb\nfO{ k"0f{tf lbg], ;/sf/nfO{ /fli6«o ;xdltsf] :j¿k lbg], n8fs' Joj:yfkg ug]{ / ;+ljwfg hf/L ug]{ sfdnfO{ of] ;/sf/n] s:tf] hfb'sf] 58L k|of]u u/]/ Joj:yfkg u5{, Tof] x]g{ eg] af“sL g} 5 . oBlk, n8fs' Joj:yfkgsf] sfd 6'ª\Uofpg ljz]if ;ldltnfO{ ;lqmo kfg]{ ljifodf k|wfgdGqL / dfcf]jfbL cWoIfaLr lxhf] dfq} ePsf] 5nkmnn] eg] ;sf/fTds ;Gb]z lbPsf] 5 .


ls;'ghLsf] kf08'lnkL s;n] rf]/]5 <

sf7df8f}“ . ;Gtg]tf s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{;“u ;DalGwt ;fdfg, k':ts / b:tfj]hx¿ ;ª\u|xfnodf /fVg] of]hgf agfp“b} ubf{ pxf“sf] …kf08'lnkL rf]/Ú sf] klg vf]hL x'g yfn]sf] 5 . ;To, lgi7f, Tofu, cfbz{ / sfdk|ltsf] Odfgbf/LnfO{ hLjgel/ c“ufNb} cfpg'ePsf e§/fO{sf] cfTdj[QfGtsf] kf08'lnkL ;Dkfbgsf qmddf s]xL jif{cl3 g} rf]l/Psf] lyof] . xf“;L–dhfs / 7§fdf /dfpg] e§/fO{n] cfkm" af“r'~h]n kf08'lnkL rf]/LnfO{ vf;} dxŒj glbP klg clxn] eg] To;sf] vf]hL clgjfo{ ePsf] 5 . ;Gtg]tf s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{ :d[lt k|lti7fgn] pxf“sf b:tfj]hnfO{ Jojl:yt ug{] of]hgf agfPsfn] …rf]/Ú sf] vf]hL x'g yfn]sf] xf] . !# lbgsf] sfhlqmof ;lsgf;fy vf]hL cleofg yflng] hgfOPsf] 5 .

kqsf/ o'j/fh l3ld/]åf/f ;Dkflbt e§/fO{sf] cfTdj[QfGt …d]/f] dÚ sf] ;Dkflbt c+z / To;cl3sf e§/fO{sf] hLjgsf] s]xL dxŒjk"0f{ ;fdu|Lx? af“8]ufp“l:yt e§/fO{s} cf>daf6 rf]/L ePsf lyP . kf08'lnkL ufoaaf/] Tolta]n} ;dfrf/;d]t k|sfzg ePsf] lyof] . :juL{o e§/fO{s} cfu|xdf jl/i7 kqsf/ k'?iff]Qd bfxfnn] pxf“sf s]xL kf08'lnkLsf] ;Dkfbg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . t/, k"0f{ c+z gcfP;Dd k':tsfsf/ lbg ufx|f] x'g] eGb} pxf“ e§/fO{sf] ;Dks{af6 6fl9g'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“n] s]xL c+z kf08'lnkL …km]o/Ú ug{ elthf kg]{ kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf Ps kbflwsf/LnfO{ lbPsf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . pxf“n] lhDdf lbPsf] JolQmn] g} kf08'lnkL n'sfPsf] cfzª\sf ul/Psf] 5 . jl/i7 kqsf/ bfxfnn] cfkm"nfO{ e§/fO{n] cfu|x u/] cg';f/ kf“r–;ft k[i7 kf08'lnkL x]l/lbPsf] / k"/} n]Vg cfu|x u/]/ Toxf“af6 lx“8]sf] atfpg'eof] . …awaf/Ú ;“u s'/f ub}{ bfxfnn] eGg'eof]– …To;kl5 kf08'lnkL x/fPsf] eGg] d}n] klg ;'g]“, stf uof] < s] eof] < yfxf ePg .Ú

kl5 Tof] ljifo g} cf]em]n kb}{ uof] . t/, :juL{o e§/fO{n] o'j/fh l3ld/]nfO{ ;Dkfbg ug{ cfu|x u/]kl5 …d]/f] dÚ k|sfzg eof] . To;cl3 e§/fO{n] cfkm";“u lstfa k|sfzg x'“b}5 eg]sf] / rf/–kf“r dlxgfkl5 kf08'lnkL g} x/fof] eg]sf] kqsf/ l3ld/]n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxf“n] eg]– …d]/f] dÚ gfdsf] c6f]u|fkmL klg Ol86]8 e;{g x/fO;s]sfn] d}n] pxf“s} d'vaf6 asfP/ tof/ kf/]sf] x'“ .Ú s;/L slxn] x/fof] eGg] nfU5 t eGg] k|Zgdf pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …d s;}nfO{ nfl~5t ug{ klg rfxGg / of] d]/f] ;/f]sf/sf] ljifo klg xf]Og . t/, xfdL pxf“sf] hLjg bz{g / ;flxToaf/] vf]hlagsf] cleofg eg] b"|t 9ª\un] yfN5f}“ .Ú kqsf/ l3ld/]n] cfkm";“u pxf“sf ;'Gb/Lhnsf 8fo/Lx¿ k|fKt ePsf] / ;f] ;fdu|L cfkm\g} ;Dkfbgdf ;f]daf/ lg:sg] …l/kf]6{/Ú gfds klqsfdf cfpg nfu]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . e§/fO{sf] k|;ª\u;“u hf]l8Psf] dxŒjk"0f{ / ljjflbt ljifoaf/] hLjge/ pxf“sf] ;xof]uLsf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sL cldtf skfnLn] eg] s]xL af]Ng rfxg'ePg . pxf“n] …a'waf/Ú;“u eGg'eof]– …!# lbg;Dd o;af/] d s]xL af]lNbg“ . To;kl5 d o; ljifodf nfU5' .Ú


dx/f g} lsg <

sf7df8f}“ . s[i0faxfb'/ dx/f dfcf]jfbLsf kbflwsf/L xf]Ogg\ . t/ klg, nuftf/ t];|f] k6s clxn] pg}sf] g]t[Tjdf dfcf]jfbL ;/sf/df lsg ;fd]n eof] xf]nf < o;sf k5fl8 s]xL leqL / s]xL aflx/L sf/0fx¿ /x]sf 5g\ . tTsfnLg k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] /fhLgfdf lbPkl5 ;+;b\df k|wfgdGqLsf] lgjf{rg eO/x“bf dx/f PsfPs /fli6«o÷cGt/f{li6«o ¿kdf rrf{df cfPsf lyP . dw];L ;ef;b\x¿ lsGgsf nflu lrlgof“ njhsf] JolQm;“u %) s/f]8 gub dfu u/]sf] cl8of] 6]k ;fj{hlgs ePkl5 To;n] lognfO{ ljjfbdf NofPsf] lyof] . dx/f :jod\n] Tof] 6]k leGg k|;ª\udf af]lnPsf] eGb} cfkm\gf] ePsf] :jLsf/ u/]sf lyP . t/, s'g} lgod, sfg'g / cEof; gePsf] d'n'ssf ¿kdf 5lj agfp“b} uPsf] g]kfndf g pgLdfly ;/sf/L txaf6 s'g} 5fglag eof] g t ef/tLo b"tfjf;sf] ;xof]udf 5f]/L k9fO/x]sf /fds'df/ zdf{n] cfkm"nfO{ wDsL cfPsf] hfgsf/L lbPsf cfwf/df …5fglag ug]{Ú ;+;b\n] g} cfkm\gf] ul/df hf]ufpgsf nflu pgLdfly 5fglag u¥of] . ltg} ljjfbf:kb dx/f clxn] dfcf]jfbLsf] g]t[Tj ub}{ ;/sf/df ;xefuL ePsf 5g\ .

klxnf dfcf]jfbLn] k//fi6« dGqfno lng] / dx/f k//fi6«dGqL aGg] rrf{ lyof] . k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfn;“u dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] tLg÷rf/ k6s ToxL s'/f u/]sf lyP . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …t/ clGtd ;dodf cfP/ pgn] ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfnosf] dfu u/]kl5 k|wfgdGqL klg cfZro{df kg'{ePsf] lyof] .Ú To;sf k5fl8 cfGtl/seGbf afx\o sf/0f k|d'v /x]sf] atfOG5 . lxhf] %) s/f]8sf nflu s'/fsfgL ug]{ tŒjn] g} dx/fnfO{ ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno lngsf nflu bafa lbPsf] atfOG5 .

Ps ;|f]tsf] egfO 5– …cfkm\gf] uf]Ko s'/fsfgL s;/L /]s8{ eof] eg]/ cflQPsf] kIfn] g]kfnsf] b"/;~rf/ If]qnfO{ cfkm\gf] lgoGq0fdf /fVgsf nflu dx/fnfO{ cufl8 ;f/]sf] xf] .Ú clxn] g]kfn 6]lnsdn] b"/;~rf/;DaGwL clwsf+z pks/0f rLgaf6 cfoft ug]{ ub{5 . t/, s'/fsfgL /]s8{ ug]{ …OG6/;]K6 d]l;gÚ eg] s]xL jif{cl3 a]nfotaf6 NofOPsf] lyof] . Ps} k6s @@ hgf;Ddsf] s'/fsfgL /]s8{ ug{ ;Sg]] ;f] d]l;gn] /fd|/L sfd ug{ g;s]kl5 7"nf] /]l8of] hqf] gof“ d]l;g NofP/ k|of]u ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . rLgn] clxn] To;df ?lr b]vfO/x]sf] / dx/faf6 Tof] sfd ug{ ;lhnf] x'g] ePsf sf/0f clGtddf pgsf] dGqfno kl/jt{g ul/Psf] pRr ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 .

ptf, dfcf]jfbLleq klg dx/fsf gfddf tLj| ljjfb ePsf] lyof] . ljrf/sf lx;fan] pgL ;'?b]lv g} df]xg a}B;“u glhs eP klg kl5Nnf] sfnv08df pgn] ul//x]sf kmf]xf]/L lqmofsnfk yfxf kfPkl5 a}B pgLk|lt v';L lyPgg\ . oxL qmddf dx/fn] SofDk kl/jt{g u/L cfkm"nfO{ bfxfnsf] kIfdf pEofPsf lyP . bfxfnn] dx/fsf] gfd Nofpg;fy a}Bn] ;lrj ;LkL uh'/]nsf] gfd k|:tfj u/]sf lyP . kbflwsf/Ln] ;/sf/df g]t[Tj gug]{ eGg] bfxfnsf] k|:tfjsf] cfwf/ dfUb} a}Bn] s'g} a]nf tLg hgf kbflwsf/L Ps};fy ;/sf/df hfg x'g] s'g} a]nf kbflwsf/Ln] g]t[Tj ug{ lsg gx'g] eGg] k|Zg u/]sf lyP . cem uh'/]nn] nfdf] ;do;Dd ljb]z ljefusf] sfd u/]sf] / clxn] kf6L{n] k//fi6« dGqfno kfpg nfu]sf] a]nf pgsf] g]t[Tj ;xh x'g] a}Bsf] ts{ lyof] . t/, bfxfnn] Tolta]nf dfq} …xfdLn] k//fi6«sf] ;§f ;~rf/ lng] eof}“Ú eg]/ ;a}nfO{ lhNn kf/]sf lyP .

dx/fnfO{ ;~rf/dGqL agfpgsf k5fl8 bfxfnsf Jofkfl/s ;fem]bf/ cho ;'dfuL{sf] klg xft /x]sf] ;|f]tsf] egfO 5 . bfxfnnfO{ ;lhn} k|efljt ug{ / cfkm\gf] kIfdf kfg{ ;Sg] Ifdtfsf ;'dfuL{n] dx/f ;~rf/dGqL ePs} a]nf x]nf] df]afOnsf] nfO;]G; lnPsf lyP . To;afx]s klg pgsf] g]kfn 6]lnsddf 7"nf] Jofkf/ /x]sf] 5 . bfxfnn] ;'dfuL{dfkm{t b"/;~rf/ If]qdf nufgL u/]sf] Jofkfl/s j[Qdf rrf{ 5 .

gof“ df]afOn sDkgL rnfpg OR5's s]xL c¿ Jofkf/Ln] klg bfxfnnfO{ e]6L ;~rf/ dGqfno lng ;'emfj lbPsf lyP . pgLx¿n] k//fi6«af6 vf;} cfDbfgL gx'g] t/ ;~rf/af6 cfDbfgL x'g] af6f] b]vfPkl5 klxnfb]lv g} To;;“u kl/lrt bfxfnn] cfkm\gf] lg0f{o kl/jt{g u/]sf lyP . JolQmut ¿kdf eb| / zflng ¿kdf lrlgg] dx/f kl5Nnf] ;dodf bfxfnsf lelqofsf ¿kdf lqmofzLn 5g\ . pgn] o;cl3 dGqL ePsf a]nf klg pgn] b"/;~rf/ If]qaf6 7"nf] dfqfdf …vhfgfÚ ;ª\sng u/L bfxfnnfO{ a'emfPsf lyP .


nfu"cf}ifwdf sd/]8sf] s/fdt

pHHjn kxf8L

sf7df8f}“ . /QmrGbgb]lv of;f{u'Daf;Ddsf ax'd"No hl8a'6Lsf] cj}w sf/f]af/df ;+nUg PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf g]tf tyf sfo{stf{ nfu"cf}ifw sf/f]af/df klg TolQs} ;lqmo /x]sf] v'nf;f ePsf] 5 . cf}iflw agfpg k|of]u ul/g] Pk|mf]6g xfO8«f]cS;fO8 gfds sRrf kbfy{ aLr af6}df n'6]/ …v}/f] lx/f]OgÚ eGb} s/f]8f}“ d"Nodf a]Rg] lu/f]xdf dfcf]jfbLsf sfo{stf{sf] ;+nUgtf /x]sf] xfn}sf] Ps cg';Gwfgaf6 kQf nfu]sf] 5 . ut ;f]daf/ k|x/Ln] /f}tx6sf] kf}/fxL uflj;–$ a/dyfgl:yt Ps 3/af6 7"nf] dfqfdf To:tf] sRrf kbfy{;lxt 3/d"nLnfO{ lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] lyof] . dfcf]jfbLsf ;dy{s eLdaxfb'/ aDhgsf] 3/df n'sfO/fv]sf] cj:yfdf e]l6Psf] ;f] sRrf kbfy{ dfcf]jfbLsf ef]hk'/f /fHo ;ldlt ;b:o nId0f Gof}kfg] / /f}tx6sf lhNnf g]tf b]jL ;fksf]6fsf] of]hgfdf n'6]/ /flvPsf] /x:o k|f/lDes aofgsf qmddf v'n]sf] ;|f]tn] atfPsf] 5 .

oBlk, k|x/Ln] eg] o;;DaGwL lj:t[t aofg cfhaf6 ;'? x'g] atfPsf] 5 . 36gfsf] cWoog ul//xg'ePsf dsjfgk'/ k|x/L k|d'v /fdk|;fb >]i7n] eGg'eof]– …xfdL aofgs} qmddf 5f}“, lxhf] labf k/]sfn] aofg lng kfOPg, cfh o;af/] lj:t[t aofg lng]5f}“ . a/fdb ePsf] sRrf kbfy{sf] cfoft / n'6kf6;Ddsf] 36gf ljj/0f klg /dfOnf] /x]sf] k|x/L pk/LIfs >]i7n] atfpg'eof] . pxf“sf cg';f/, ?3fvf]sLsf] cf}iflw agfpg k|of]u x'g] ;f] sRrf kbfy{ u}“8fsf]6l:yt 6fOd kmdf{:o'l6snsf gfddf g]kfn lelqPsf] lyof] . gf @ v (!)&( gDa/sf] 6«sdf NofOPsf] ;f] ;fdfg b'O{ lbg;Dd kyn}ofdf g} /flvPsf] lyof] . ;f] ;fdfg kmfu'g @ ut] kyn}of cfOk'u]sf] lyof] .

cf}iflw sDkgLn] o:tf sRrf kbfy{ Nofpgsf nflu u[x dGqfnosf] :jLs[t lng'kg]{ x'G5 . u[xn] :jLs[t lbPsf] sfuh;lxt cfPsf] ;f] ;fdfgsf] cfGtl/s /fh:j sfof{no kyn}ofn] /fh:j lnP/ lgodfg';f/ g} 5f]8]sf] lyof] . ;f] 6«s dsjfgk'/sf] dgx/Lglhs} cfOk'u]kl5 cf7j6f df]6/;fOsndf cfPsf n'6]/fsf] ;d"xn] n'6]sf] lyof] . P;kL >]i7sf cg';f/, n'6]/fn] 6«ssf rfnsnfO{ rf/ xhf/ ?lkof“ lbP/ pgsf] df]afOn ;d]t lnPsf lyP . 6«sdf !( 8Aaf sRrf kbfy{ /x]sf] >]i7n] atfpg'eof] . Pp6f 8Aafdf @% lsnf]sf b/n] hDdf $ ;o &% s]hL sRrf kbfy{ /x]sf] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . ;f] 36gfsf] cg';Gwfgdf vl6Psf] k|x/Ln] aDhgsf] 3/df ;f] ;fdu|L km]nf kf/]sf] lyof] .

;|f]tsf cg';f/, aDhgn] ;'?df ;f] kbfy{ …kL7f] xf]Ú eGb} 6fg{ vf]h]sf lyP . t/, k|x/Ln] To;sf] gd'gf hf“r u/]kl5 nfu"cf}ifw ePsf] kQf nufPsf] lyof] . cf}iflw agfpg klg k|of]udf cfpg] of] kbfy{af6 km]lG;l8n gfds nfu"cf}ifw agfpg / clkmd k|zf]wg ug{ k|of]u x'g] atfOG5 .

a'lemP cg';f/, ;f] ;fdu|L v}/f] lx/f]Og eGb} a]Rg] p2]Zon] n'l6Psf] lyof] . ;'?df vf“bf 6fpsf] emDemdfpg] x'gfn] nfu"cf}ifw k|of]u ubf{n] dx“uf] d"No lt/]/ lsGg] u/]sf] g]kfn k|x/L nfu"cf}ifw lgoGq0f PsfOsf k|d'v 8LcfO{hL jL/]Gb|afa' >]i7n] atfpg'eof] . pxf“sf cg';f/, o:tf t:s/x¿n] o;sf] k|ltlsnf] rf/ nfv ?lkof“df a]Rg] u/]sf 5g\ . ;f] d"No cg';f/ $ ;o &% s]hLsf] !( s/f]8 ?lkof“ kg{ hfG5 .

Tolt dfq xf]Og, k|f/lDes cg';Gwfgdf aDhgn] dfcf]jfbL lhNnf g]tfsf] gfd lnPsf] ;"rgf kfPkl5 36gfnfO{ 9fs5f]k ug{ dfcf]jfbL g]t[Tjn] g} cys k|oTg u/]sf] lyof] . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, dfcf]jfbLn] g]kfn k|x/Lsf Ps hgf 8LcfO{hLnfO{ %) nfv ?lkof“ lbg];Ddsf] …ckm/Ú u/]sf lyP . t/fO{df dfcf]jfbL g]tfsf ;+/If0fdf o:tf y'k|} cj}w wGbf x'g] u/]sf] atfOG5 . To:tf sf/f]af/df ;+nUg cfkm\gf sfo{stf{nfO{ dfcf]jfbLsf] ldlynf /fHo ;ldlt OGrfh{ dx]Gb| kf;jfg / ef]hk'/f /fHo ;ldltsf ;xOGrfh{ k|e' ;fxn] ;+/If0f lbg] u/]sf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . o; 36gfdf hf]l8Psf lhNnf g]tf ;fksf]6f l;Gw'kfNrf]saf6 /f}tx6 em/]sf x'g\ . pgL clUg ;fksf]6fsf lgs6 dflgG5g\ .

;fdu|L n'sfP/ /flvPsf] /f}tx6sf] kf}/fxL uflj; dfcf]jfbLsf] k|efj If]q dflgG5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, o'4sfndf klg dfcf]jfbLn] oxL ufp“df a;]/ vf]nfgfnf / jgsf] 7]Ssf sf/f]af/sf] of]hgf agfpg] uy]{ .


/fdrGb|nfO{ s;n] 5'g] <

sf7df8f}“ . Pp6f sd{rf/Lsf sf/0f l;ª\uf] ;/sf/L lgsfodf s;/L ef“8e}nf] dlRrG5 eGg] pbfx/0f x]g'{k¥of] eg] cf“vf lrDn]/ ;Lw} hgs lzIff ;fdu|L s]Gb| uP x'G5 . hf] ;Qfdf cfP klg 7LSs kfg{ dflx/ /fdrGb| l;njfnsf sf/0f l;ª\uf] ;+:yf 8'Ag] cj:yfdf k'u]sf] 5 .

g]kfn ;/sf/sf] k"0f{ :jfldTjdf ;~rflnt ;f] ;+:yf Ps jif{otf clgoldttfsf] cv8f aGb} cfPsf] 5 . l;njfn k|d'v eO{ cfPb]lv g} ;+:yfsf] cwf]ult ;'? ePsf] sd{rf/Lsf] egfO 5 .

@)#& ;fndf ;]tL–dxfsfnL wfgrfdn sDkgLsf] hflu/af6 avf{:t ePkl5 tTsfnLg lzIff tyf ;+:s[lt ;xfosdGqL s]z/axfb'/ lji6sf] tf]s cfb]zdf @)#* ;fn ebf}df dfl;s kfl/>lds kfpg]u/L hgs lzIffdf l5/]sf l;njfn kl5Nnf] k6s tTsfnLg lzIffdGqL ;j]{Gb|gfy z'Snsf] lgufxdf @)^^ r}tdf k|d'v ePsf x'g\ .

@)#* ebf} !% df tTsfnLg ;xfosdGqL lji6;dIf …hgs lzIff ;fdu|L s]Gb| ;fgf]l7dLdf clws[t kb Ps vfnL 5 eGg] ljz]if ;"qaf6 1ft ePg';f/ pQm clws[t kbdf /xL sfd ug]{ 7"nf] cle?lr ePsfn] lgo'lQmsf nflu xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5' . === lgo'lQm lbO{ b]z tyf g/]z ;fy} To; dGqfnosf] ;]jf ug]{ ;'cj;/ lbnfO{ lbg x'g ;fb/ cfu|x ub{5'Ú egL .pgn] lgj]bg lbPsf lyP . To;}df nufOPsf] tf]ssf cfwf/df pgn] hflu/ kfPsf lyP .

k/LIfflagf g} hflu/ vfPsf] ;DaGwdf clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]un] 5fglag u/] klg tTsfnLg cfo'Qm j]bk|sfz lzjfsf]6LnfO{ 7"nf] gh/fhf r9fP/ ;f] d'2f tfd]nLdf /fVg l;njfn ;kmn ePsf] sd{rf/Lx¿ atfp“5g\ .

;/sf/n] tTsfnLg k|aGw ;~rfns jL/]Gb|s'df/ bf;nfO{ avf{:t u/]kl5 l;njfnn] ;f] lhDd]jf/L ;DxfNb} cfPsf 5g\ . pgL k|aGw ;~rfns x'gf;fy s]Gb|n] cfx\jfg u/]sf] rf/ xhf/ d]l6«s 6g 5kfO sfuhsf] 6]G8/ /2 u/]/ sfd ;'? u/]sf lyP . To;sf] k|d'v sf/0f w]/} sld;g lbg] e[s'6L sfuh sf/vfgf / Pe/]:6 sfuh sf/vfgfn] saf]n u/]sf] d"No cGo sDkgLsf] eGbf dx“uf] x'g'nfO{ pNn]v ul/G5 .

s]Gb|nfO{ cTofjZos sfuh t'?Gt} 6]G8/af6 vl/b ug{ ;Dej gePsf] eGb} e[s'6L / Pe/]:6 sfuh sf/vfgf;“u ! xhf/ % ;o d]l6«s 6g sfuh pgn] emG8} !@ s/f]8 d"Nodf ljgf6]G8/ vl/b ug{ nufPsf lyP . cl3Nnf] k6s 6]G8/df k/]sf] Go"gtd d"No &% xhf/ k|ltd]l6«s 6g lyof] eg] pgn] *) xhf/ * ;o k|lt d]l6«s 6gsf b/n] vl/b u/]sf lyP . o;af6 s]Gb|nfO{ emG8} () nfv gf]S;fgL kg{ uPsf] 5 .

s]Gb|df sfo{/t of]Uo / bIf sd{rf/LnfO{ ljleGg axfgfdf lhDd]jf/Laf6 cnu ug]{, sfd gePsf] :yfgdf ;?jf ug]{, lhDd]jf/L glbg] cflbh:tf sfd u/L sd{rf/Lsf] dgf]an 36fpg] sfd pgn] ul//x]sf] Ps sd{rf/Ln] atfP . o;cl3 s]Gb|n] dfl;s ;/b/ !% b]lv @% nfv;Dd lstfa tof/ ug]{ u/]sf]df pgL k|aGw ;~rfns ePkl5 dfl;s kf“r nfvsf] xf/fxf/Ldf dfq lstfa tof/ ePsf] 5 .

l;njfnn] ljleGg JolQmnfO{ l/emfpg ;jf/L;fwg, rfns / 3/df sfd ug]{ JolQm;d]t k7fpg] u/]sf 5g\ . ;fj{hlgs n]vf ;ldltdf cfPsf cfkm"lj?4sf ph'/Ldfly sf/afxL grnfpg] ;t{df n]vf ;ldltsf ;b:o x[bo]z lqkf7LnfO{ pgn] s]Gb|s} rfns;lxt uf8L lbPsf 5g\ . s]Gb|;“u c;DalGwt JolQmx¿sf] sfh :jLs[t u/L b}lgs e|d0f eQf lbg] ul/Psf] 5 . To;df s]xL kqsf/;d]t /x]sf] n]vf zfvfsf Ps sd{rf/Ln] atfP .

lgDg tyf dWod txsf sd{rf/Ln] k|fKt ub}{ cfPsf] sfof{no cfp“bf hf“bf lbOPsf] oftfoft ;'ljwf s6f}tL u/L tx !) sf sd{rf/LnfO{ dfl;s !# xhf/, tx gf} sf sd{rf/LnfO{ dfl;s ;ft xhf/sf b/n] oftfoft vr{afkt /sd pknAw u/fOPsf] 5 . ;L;L6LeL vl/b, k|Zgkq 5kfOh:tf cg]s k|s/0fdf pgn] nfvf}“ ?lkof“ clgodlttf ubf{ klg ;DalGwt lgsfosf] Wofg ghfg'nfO{ cfZro{sf ¿kdf x]l/Psf] 5 .

l;njfn clxn] Pdfn]n] lzIff dGqfnosf] lhDdf kfPkl5 cfkm"nfO{ s;}n] s]xL ug{ g;Sg] wfs nufp“b} lx“8]sf 5g\ . pgn] gjlgo'Qm lzIffdGqL uª\ufnfn t'nfwf/;Dd k'Ug] e/kbf]{ dfWod s] xf]nf egL vf]hL ul//x]sf] Ps sd{rf/Ln] a'waf/nfO{ atfP .


g]kfn ef]ln kmls{g]

sf7df8f}“ . zflGt;DaGwL Ps cGt/f{li6«o ;]ldgf/df efu lnO{ k"j{k|wfgdGqL tyf g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfn ef]ln :jb]z kmls{+b} x''g'x'G5 . lx/f]l;df ljZjljBfnoåf/f cfof]lht ;]ldgf/df efu lng pxf“ cfOtaf/ hfkfgtkm{ hfg'ePsf] lyof] .

lx/f]l;df ;x/df cfof]lht sfo{qmdnfO{ k"j{k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] dª\unaf/ ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] 5 . g]kfndf hf/L zflGt k|lqmofsf] ;'?cft, o;sf r'gf}tL, clxn]sf] cj:yf / cfufdL af6f]sf af/]df pxf“n] cfkm\gf] wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . g]kfndf zflGt k|lqmof ;'? ug]{ Ps dxŒjk"0f{ g]tfsf ¿kdf pxf“nfO{ ljZjljBfnon] cfkm\gf cg'ej cGt/f{li6«o txdf af“8\gsf nflu cfdGq0f u/]sf] lyof] .

;]ldgf/df c¿ Pl;ofnL d'n'ssf ;fy} clk|msL d'n'ssf /fhgLlt1x¿sf] klg ;xeflutf lyof] . g]kfnaf6 k"j{;efd'v bdggfy 9'ª\ufgf, k"j{k|wfg;]gfklt ?Sdfª\ub s6jfn / k"j{zflGtdGqL hgfb{g zdf{ klg ;f] sfo{qmddf ;xefuL 5g\ .


e/tdf]xg g} jl/i7

sf7df8f}“ . sDtLdf tLg pkk|wfgdGqL x'g] lglZrt ePsf] dlGqkl/ifb\df e/tdf]xg clwsf/L g} jl/i7 pkk|wfgdGqL x'g'ePsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\sf] sfof{non] /fi6«klt sfof{nonfO{ k7fPsf] lnlvt kqdf csf{ pkk|wfgdGqL s[i0faxfb'/ dx/feGbf clwsf/Lsf] gfd cufl8 5 . o;cl3 k|wfgdGqL Pdfn]sf] ePsf sf/0f cfkm"n] jl/i7 pkk|wfgdGqL kfpg'kg]{ dfu ub}{ dfcf]jfbLn] ToxL

cg';f/ dof{bfqmd lgwf{/0f ug{ k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnnfO{ cg'/f]w u/]sf] lyof] . t/, k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] eg] o;cl3 pkk|wfgdGqL eO;s]sf], pd]/df klg lgs} jl/i7 ePsf] / kf“rf}“ k6s dGqL ePsf] h:tf sf/0f hgfp“b} clwsf/LnfO{ g} jl/i7 agfpg] lg0f{o lnPsf] atfOG5 . o;af6 dfcf]jfbL eg] c;Gt'i6 ePsf] atfOG5 . Ps dfcf]jfbL g]tfn] eg] o;af/] cfkm"nfO{ yfxf gePsf] / cfkm\gf] kf6L{ lg0f{odf cl8u /x]sf] atfP . pgn] eg]– …;aeGbf 7"nf] kf6L{ ePsfn] klg xfdLn] jl/i7 pkk|wfgdGqL kfpg] :jfefljs s'/f xf] / ToxL cfwf/df x'G5 eGg] xfdLnfO{ nfU5 .Ú

clwsf/L klxnf] k6s )%! ;fndf dGqL x'g'ePsf] lyof] eg] To;kl5 )%# / )%% dGqL clg )^! df pkk|wfgdGqL aGg'ePsf] lyof] eg] dx/f klxnf] k6s )^# df dGqL aGg'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“x¿ b'j} hgf ;f+;b eg] Ps} k6s )$* ;fndf x'g'ePsf] lyof] .


;"ayfsf] p:t} km"lt { †

sf7df8f}“ . …:jf:Yopkrf/ u/fpgÚ ef/t k'u]sf /fli6«o hgzlQm kf6L{sf cWoIf ;"o{axfb'/ yfkf /fhgLlts e]63f6 ;s]/ kl;{ g]kfn kms{+b} 5g\ . cfOtaf/ uPsf yfkfn] gof“ lbNnLdf /x“bf ef/tLo ;Qf?9 Pjd\ ljkIfL bnsf g]tf / pRrkb:y clwsf/LnfO{ e]6]sf 5g\ .

yfkf clxn] /fhgLlts k/fdz{df Jo:t /x]sf] hgzlQm kf6L{sf ;xk|jQmf ls/0f lu/Ln] hfgsf/L lbP . cem} plQs} km"lt{nf oL k'/fgf g]tfn] rf/ l;6 dfq ePsf] ;fgf] bnsf] g]t[Tj u/] klg ef/tdf k|d'v bnsf g]tfn] em}“ x}l;ot kfpg] ub{5g\ . yfkfn] ;f]daf/ sfª\u]|; -cfO{_ sL cWoIf ;f]lgof ufGwL, ljb]zdGqL P;Pd s[i0ff, ef/tLo hgtf bnsf g]tf nfns[i0f cf8jf0fL / ljb]z ;lrj lg?kdf /fj;“u e]6 u/]sf lyP eg] lxhf] sfª\u]|; -cfO{_ sf ljb]z ljefu k|d'v s/0f l;+x, g]kfnsf nflu k"j{ ef/tLo /fhb"t /;uf]qfnufotnfO{ e]6]sf 5g\ . e]6df ef/tLo g]tfx¿n] g]kfndf tf]lsPsf] ;dod} ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f x'g'kg]{ / ;+ljwfg k"0f{ nf]stflGqs x'g'kg]{ wf/0ff /fv]sf] ;xk|jQmf lu/Ln] a'waf/nfO{ atfP . e]6df ;ª\3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqsf] ljsf;sf nflu bnx¿aLr o;cl3

ePsf ;a} ;Demf}tf sfof{Gjog x'g'kg]{ ljrf/ ef/tLo kIfaf6 cfPsf] klg lu/Lsf] egfO 5 . g]kfnL /fhgLltdf …a"9f] af3Úsf] klxrfg agfPsf yfkfn] af/Daf/ d'n'sleqsf nf]stflGqs zlQm alnof] x'g'kg]{ wf/0ff /fVb} cfPsf 5g\ . g]kfnL g]tfx¿sf] ef/t e|d0fnfO{ …cy{k"0f{Ú ¿kdf x]l/g] k|rng /xg] u/]sf]df yfkfsf] ef/t e|d0fnfO{ klg ljZn]ifsx¿n] To:t} b[li6n] x]/]sf 5g\ . d'n'sleq Tolt 7"nf] zlQm gePsf yfkfn] ef/taf6 kms]{/ s] af]N5g\ < ;'Gg af“sL 5 .


/fhLgfdf lbg] kfnf] s–s;sf] <

sf7df8f}“ . dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] k|wfgdGqLaf6 /fhLgfdf lbPkl5 pxf“sf] sfo{sfndf lgo'Qm ePsfx¿sf] klg /fhLgfdf lbg] qmd ;'? ePsf] 5 . o;qmddf g]kfn 6]lnlehgsf sfo{sf/L cWoIf s'Gbg cof{nn] /fhLgfdf lbPsf 5g\ eg] af“sL klg /fhLgfdfsf] tof/Ldf 5g\ .

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfnocGtu{t g]kfn ;/sf/sf] sfo{sfndf lgo'lQm kfPsfx¿nfO{ /fhLgfdf lbg tTsfnLg ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/dGqL zª\s/ kf]v/]n / g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v k|bLk 1jfnLn] lgb]{zg lbOPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . /fhLgfdf lnP/ ;f]daf/ dGqfno k'u]sf uf]/vfkq ;+:yfgsf sfo{sf/L cWoIf ljho rfln;]nfO{ eg] ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/dGqL s[i0faxfb'/ dx/fn] …clxn] kVg";\Ú eg]/ kmsf{Psf 5g\ .

Pdfn]n] ;~rf/ dGqfno kfPsf] a]nf Pdfn] k|rf/ ljefusf ;b:ox¿nfO{ ljleGg ;~rf/dfWoddf lgo'lQm ul/Psf] lyof] . uf]/vfkq ;+:yfgsf sfo{sf/L cWoIf rfln;] / dxfk|aGws zDe' >]i7, 6]lnlehgsf sfo{sf/L cWoIf cof{n / /fli6«o ;dfrf/ ;ldltdf afns[i0f rfkfufO{+n] lhDd]jf/L kfPsf lyP . To;}u/L cd/ lu/Ln] rnlrq ljsf; af]8{sf] cWoIfaf6 klg /fhLgfdf lb“b} x'g'x'G5 .

dfcf]jfbLaf6 lgo'Qm ePkl5 k|]; sfplG;nsf cWoIf gf/fo0fk|;fb zdf{n] eg] dGqLn] dfUbf klg /fhLgfdf glbO{ a;]sf lyP . clxn] pgs} pbfx/0f lb“b} To;/L kbdf g6f“l;g Pdfn]n] lgb]{zg lbPsf] atfOPsf] 5 .

o;}u/L, c¿ lgsfox¿df lgo'Qm kbflwsf/Lx¿n] klg /fhLgfdf ug]{ dgl:ylt agfP klg ;/sf/n] k"0f{tf gkfPsf sf/0f pgLx¿n] kv]{/ a;]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . klxnf klg Pdfn]n] ;Dxfn]sf] cy{ dGqfnocGtu{t lgo'lQm kfPsfx¿n] eg] /fhLgfdf glbg] dgl:ylt agfPsf 5g\ . jl/i7 cfly{s ;Nnfxsf/ s]zj cfrfo{n] :jod\ cy{dGqL e/tdf]xg clwsf/Ls} l;kmfl/;df lgo'lQm kfPsfn] /fhLgfdf lbg'kg]{ 5}g eg] a}ª\s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfsf cWoIf / dxfk|aGwsx¿ klg /fhLgfdf glbgsf nflu cy{dGqL clwsf/Lsf]df wfO/x]sf 5g\ .

ptf, /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf pkfWoIf tyf ;b:ox¿n] eg] clxn];Dd /fhLgfdf glbPsf] l6Kk0fL ePsf] 5 . tTsfnLg k|wfgdGqL g]kfnsf] sfo{sfndf sfª\u|];sf] sf]6faf6 lgo'Qm pkfWoIf 8f= hubLzrGb| kf]v/]nn] Ps dlxgf;Dd klg /fhLgfdf glbPkl5 k|wfgdGqL sfof{nod} pgsf] cfnf]rgf ;'? ePsf] 5 . dxfGofoflwjQmf / /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf] pkfWoIfn] ;aeGbf klxnf /fhLgfdf lbg] rng 5 .

cfkm"n] lgo'Qm u/]sf cWoIf tyf dxfk|aGwsx¿ x6fpg gkg]{ u/L t/fO{–dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{ g]kfnsf cWoIf dx]Gb| ofbjn] pBf]u dGqfno g} kfpg] ePsf 5g\ . ptf, g]kfn cfon lgudsf sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs lbuDa/ emfn] eg] nfdf] ;dokl5 kbaf6 labf lng'kg]{ ePsf] 5 . lsgeg], o;k6s /fh]Gb| dxtf] dGqL aGb} 5}gg\ .

ljut ;/sf/df sfª\u|];sf tkm{af6 lgo'lQm kfPsfx¿ labf lng] ls glng] eGg] cGof]ndf 5g\ . s'g}–s'g} lgo'lQmdf ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] kbd} axfn /xg lgb]{zg lbPsf glh/x¿ klg ePsf sf/0f klg pgLx¿ ;a}n] ;lhn} /fhLgfdf lbg] dgl:ylt gagfPsf] Ps kbflwsf/Ln] atfP . kz'klt If]q ljsf; sf]ifsf ;b:o;lrj ;'zLn gfx6f, ;f+:s[lts ;+:yfgsf cWoIf w|'j l/hfn, dxfk|aGws g/]z kf}8]n, k//fi6« dfldnf cWoog k|lti7fgsf sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs l6sfhª\u yfkf, ul/aL lgjf/0f sf]ifsf pkfWoIf ljBfw/ dlNns, c:ktfn ljsf; ;ldltsf cWoIfx¿, ljB't\ k|flws/0fsf sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs hLj]Gb| emf, :yfgLo ljsf; k|lzIf0f k|lti7fg, u'Daf ljsf; ;ldlt, b'u{d If]q ljsf; ;ldltnufot :yfgLo dGqfnocGtu{tsf kbflwsf/Lx¿ klg s] ug]{ eGg] lgisif{df k'u]sf 5}gg\ . pgLx¿n] dGqL lgo'Qm ePkl5 dfq lgisif{df k'Ug] atfPsf 5g\ .


syf;ª\u|xdfly cGtlqm{of

sf7df8f“} . syfsf/ ;~h' ahufO+{sf] gof“ syf;ª\u|x …;d'Gb| / ;kgfÚ ahf/df cfPsf] 5 . /Tg k':ts e08f/n] k|sfzg u/]sf] …;d'Gb| / ;kgfÚsf] sf7df8f}“df cGt/lqmof ;DkGg eof] . ;f/f+z g]kfnn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] sfo{qmddf k|d'v clylt k|f1 tyf syfsf/ efpkGyLn] syfsf/ ;~h'sf] syfn] 8fo:kf]l/s ;flxTodf ljlzi6 x}l;ot :yflkt u/]sf] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] ;~h'sf] syfdf gof“ efiff / gof“ ljifo ePsf] lhls/ klg ug'{eof] . pxf“n] o;nfO{ pTs[i6 8fo:kf]l/s syfsf] ;+1f lbg'eof] . ;flxTosf/ hubLz l3ld/]n] syfsf/ ;~h'sf] n]vgdf ;f+:s[lts ¿kfGt/0fsf] ;ª\s6j:yf, hLjgz}nL kl/jt{gn] lgDTofpg] ;d:of / blaP/ /x]sf k"jL{o gf/Lx¿n] kfZrfTo ;dfhsf] gf/L :jtGqtf pkef]u ug{ kfp“bfsf] cg'e"lt e]l6g] rrf{ ug'{eof] .

To; cj;/df ;dLIfs uLtf lqkf7Ln] ;~h'sf syfx¿n] gf/L r]tgfdf gof“kgsf NofPsf] atfpg'eof] . lgaGwsf/ >Lcf]d >]i7 /f]bg, syfsf/ t'n;Lxl/ sf]O/fnf / slj 5lj/d0f l;njfnn] klg ;~h'sf] syfsfl/tfdfly af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . o;cl3 b'O{ s[lt k|sflzt ul/;Sg'ePsL syfsf/ ahufO+{sf] …;d'Gb| / ;kgfÚdf /x]sf !% j6} syfn] gf/L kfqx¿nfO{ dxŒjsf ;fy pEofpg] k|of; ul/Psf] 5 . cf7 jif{b]lv a]lNhodsf] a|;]N;df /xg'ePsL syfsf/ ;~h'sf] gljgtd\ syf ;+u|x …;d'Gb| / ;kgfÚsf] cfj/0f snfsf/ /d]z kf}8]nn] agfpg'ePsf] xf] .


‘;+ljwfg ;femf b:tfj]h aGg'k5{

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] ;+ljwfg;efaf6 lgdf{0f x'g] ;+ljwfg ;xdltsf] b:tfj]h x'g] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . ;a} If]qsf hghflt, efiff, ;+:s[lt / e"uf]nsf] ;Ddfg;lxt ;dfg ;xeflutfsf] dfWodaf6 ag]sf] ;+ljwfg ;femf ;xdltsf] b:tfj]h x'g] pxf“sf] syg 5 . g]skf -Pdfn]_ ;f]n'v'Da'–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~råf/f @!#*cf“} Rofs df] x]b\nf] nf];f/sf] cj;/df cfof]lht cGtlq{mof sfo{qmddf af]Nb} pxf“n] ;f] s'/f atfpg'ePsf] xf] .

…kl/jt{gsf] cu'jfO ug]{ hgtfsf] b:tfj]h aGg'k5{, Tof] ;xdltsf] ;femf b:tfj]h x'g]5, gof“ ;+ljwfg s'g} bnljz]ifsf] r'gfjL 3f]if0ff kq xf]OgÚ– dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] eGg'eof] . pxf“n] cGtl/d ;+ljwfgd} ;+ljwfg;efnfO{ Joj:yflksf–;+;b\ dfGg] pNn]v ePsfn] klg /fli6«o /fhgLlts cj:yfdf s]xL t/ntf cfPsf] atfpg'eof] . /fli6«o /fhgLltsf] 5fndf Pdfn]sf] e"ldsf s]Gb|df /x]sfn] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf cGo bneGbf Pdfn]sf] e"ldsfnfO{ sdhf]/ 7fGg gx'g] klg pxf“sf] wf/0ff lyof] .

sfo{qmddf af]Ng] cGo jQmfn] ;a} hfltsf] nf];f/ kj{nfO{ Ps} yfnf]df dgfpkg]{ wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP . pgLx¿n] /fHon] nf];f/ kj{nfO{ x]g]{ b[li6sf]0f lgs} pk]lIft ePsfn] nf];f/ dgfpg] ljifodf /fHosf] :ki6 wf/0ffsf] dfu;d]t ul/Psf] lyof] . z]kf{ ;d'bfon] dgfpg] rf8 nf];f/sf ;DaGwdf Pdfn] ;f]n'v'Da' lhNnf sld6Lsf pk;lrj cfªsfhL z]kf{ ls;fgn] sfo{kq k|:t't ub}{ /fHon] cGo rf8kj{nfO{ eGbf nf];f/nfO{ pk]Iff u/]sf] cf/f]k nufP . ;ef;b\ nSsL z]kf{ / ldªdf/ t]lGhª nfdfn] l6Kk0fL ub{} lxdfnL ;d'bfon] dgfpg] nf];f/nfO{ /fli6«o rf8kj{s} ¿kdf /fVg'kg]{ wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf x]/Da/fh af“:tf]nf, zf]ef /fO{nuoftn] klg cfkm\gf\] wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP .


‘ofqf ;fj{hlgs

sf7df8f}“ . oftfoft dhb'/x¿n] …ofqfÚ gfds klqsf k|sfzg u/]sf 5g\ . g]kfn oftfoft :jtGq dhb'/ ;ª\u7g s]Gb|Lo sld6Ln] k|sfzg u/]sf] ;f] klqsfsf] ;f]daf/ g]kfn 6«]8 o'lgog dxf;ª\3 lhkmG6sf cWoIf tyf ;ef;b\ lji0f' l/dfnn] ;fj{hlgs ug'{eof] . cWoIf l/dfnn] oftfoft dhb'/ / oftfoft If]qsf] tYout ;"rgfaf6 cfdhgtf cgle1 x'g'k/]sf] atfp“b} ofqf klqsfn] Tof] cefj k"/f ug]{ bfloTj lgjf{x ug'{kg]{ atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …of] klqsf oftfoft dhb'/x¿sf nflu dxŒjk"0f{ t x'g} k¥of] ;“u} cfdg]kfnL hgtfsf nflu klg 1fgjw{s / ;ª\u|x0fLo x'g h?/L 5 .Ú

sfo{qmddf lhkmG6sf pkfWoIf r"8fdl0f hª\unL ljs, Hof]lt agnufotn] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . ;ª\u7gsf] d'vkqsf ¿kdf …ofqfÚ k|sfzg ul/Psf] eP klg cfdkf7ssf] ?lr, rfxgf / ;"rgfsf lx;fan] ;a}sf nflu k7gLo v'/fsx¿nfO{ ;d]t ;d]6]/ ;ª\u|x0fLo klqsfsf ¿kdf ofqfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbOg] klqsfsf ;Dkfbs tyf ;ª\u7gsf lzIff ljefu k|d'v eLd /fO{ …HjfnfÚn] atfP . ;ª\u7gsf cWoIf /fhLj l3ld/]sf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmd ;~rfng ;ª\u7gsf dxf;lrj ?b|axfb'/ vqLn] u/]sf lyP .


dfcf]jfbLn] rfx]df ;+ljwfg aG5M uf}td

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_sf pkfWoIf jfdb]j uf}tdn] dfcf]jfbL lhDd]jf/ eP h]7 !$ leq} ;+ljwfg aGg] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . cfbz{ ax'd'vL ;dfhn] zlgaf/ u/]sf] ljrf/ uf]i7Ldf pkfWoIf uf}tdn] o:tf] wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] xf] . ;dfhsf cWoIf ;fu/ g]kfnsf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg Pslbg] ljrf/ uf]i7L b'O{ ;qdf ljefhg ul/Psf] lyof] .

klxnf] ;qdf Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ljho kf}8]nn] jt{dfg /fhgLlts kl/l:ylt / /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿sf] e"ldsfsf ;DaGwdf cfkm\gf] wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] eg] bf];|f] ;qdf pkfWoIf uf}tdn] zflGt k|lqmof / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf bnx¿sf] e"ldsfsf ;DaGwdf wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf ;ef;b\ ;fljqf e';fnn] ;+ljwfg;efdf ;ef;b\sf] e"ldsfaf/] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] eg] Pdfn] lhNnf sld6L ;b:o zf]ef ;fksf]6fn] klg dGtJo /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng nfnaxfb'/ tfdfªn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


8f]6]nLnfO{ k|lzIf0f

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ 8f]6L–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rn] cfkm\gf sfo{stf{nfO{ k|lzIf0f lbPsf] 5 . zlgaf/ g]kfn sd;{ SofDk;df ;DkGg Pslbg] k|lzIf0fdf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf j}slNks kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o c¿0f g]kfn k|d'v cltlysf ¿kdf /xg'ePsf] lyof] .

pxf“n] hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfb / sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf af/]df tLg 3G6f k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . ;f] cj;/df g]tf g]kfnn] cf7f}“ dxflwj]zgsf] lgisif{ / cGo kf6L{;“usf] ;DaGwaf/] ;d]t k|sfz kfg'{ePsf] lyof] . lhNnfaf6 /fhwfgL cfO{ a;]sf cu'jf sfo{stf{nfO{ k|lzlIft kfg]{ p2]Zon] ;~rflnt ;f] sfo{qmddf #% hgfsf] ;xeflutf lyof] .


b'O{ bzs;Dd ljdfg:yn ag]g

sfnLsf]6 . lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] Ps nfv cg'bfgdf b'O{ bzscl3 @)$* ;fndf lznfGof; ul/Psf] ;'gy/fnL ljdfg:yn lgdf{0f cem} ;DkGg x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . tTsfnLg ;f+;b ltnsk|;fb Gof}kfg] / lhlj; ;efklt bLkaxfb'/ zfxL4f/f ;+o'Qm ¿kdf lznfGof; ul/Psf] ljdfg:ynsf] lgdf{0f sfo{ ;z:q dfcf]jfbL ljb|f]x / cfly{s ;d:ofn] cl3 a9\g g;s]sf] :yfgLojf;Lsf] egfO 5 . ljdfg:yn lgdf{0fsf qmddf $! hgfsf] Hofg uO;s]sf] 5 . )%! c;f/ !^ ut] l9:sf]n] k'l/P/ sf]6af8f uflj;sf tLg hgfsf] Hofg uPsf] lyof] eg] )%$ ;fndf klg l9:sf]d} k'l/P/ b'O{ hgfn] Hofg u'dfPsf lyP . )%* ;fndf 5 hgf :yfgLo #) hgf wflbª hf]uLdf/fsf u/L #^ hgf sfdbf/n] ;/sf/L ;'/Iff kmf}hsf] uf]nLaf6 Hofg u'dfpg'k/]sf] lyof] .

dfcf]jfbLsf sf/0f sfd cl3 ga9]sf] ;/sf/L kIfsf] egfO /x“b} cfPsf] 5 . ljdfg:yn lgdf{0f ;ldltsf cWoIf g/axfb'/ lji6 dfcf]jfbL / tTsfnLg ;'/Iff kmf}hsf sf/0f g} ljdfg:yn aGg g;s]sf] atfp“5g\ . ^) ld6/ rf}8fO cf7 ;o ld6/ nDafO /x]sf] ljdfg:yn lgdf{0f ug{ gf} s/f]8 ah]6 vr{ eO;s]sf] 5 . lgdf{0f ;ldltsf cg';f/ cem} Ps s/f]8 /sd geP lgdf{0f ;DkGg x'g] ;Defjgf 5}g . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sfnLsf]6sf cWoIf s'd{/fh zfxL eG5g\– …/fHosf] b[li6sf]0f ;'gy/fnL ljdfg:ynk|lt ;sf/fTds gx'g', ljdfg:yn lgdf{0f sfo{ 7]Ssf k|0ffnLaf6 geO{ pkef]Qmf ;ldltdfkm{t ul/g', ;du| lhNnfsf] Wofg ljdfg:ynlt/ s]lGb|t gx'g' / ljdfg:yn lgdf0f{sf nflu /fHoaf6 cfjZos ah]6 ljlgof]hg gx'g'h:tf sf/0fn] lgdf{0f sfo{n] ult lng g;s]sf] b]lvG5 .Ú

– b]jsnf cfrfo{


gf/fo0fLsf] sfof{no pb\3f6g

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ gf/fo0fL c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf] sfof{no pb\3f6g ul/Psf] 5 .

zlgaf/ Pdfn] kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o Pjd\ ;Dks{ sld6Lsf k|d'v ci6nIdL zfSon] c~rn sfof{nosf] pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] xf] . dfOtL3/l:yt c~rn sfof{nodf a}7s xn / ;'ljwf ;DkGg sIf 5g\ . sfof{no pb\3f6g ub}{ k|d'v zfSon] sfof{no ef8fdf xf]Og, cfkm\g} ejgdf ;~rfng ug]{tkm{ ;a} c~rn nfUg'kg]{ atfpg'eof] .

sfo{qmddf ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6L ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf ;efklt ;fw'/fd sfsL{, c~rn cWoIf gj/fh ltldlN;gfnufot cGo kbflwsf/L / ;b:ox¿sf] pkl:ylt lyof] .

o;}aLr, ;f]xL lbg sld6Lsf] a}7s a;]/ ljleGg ljefunfO{ k"0f{tf lbg], c~rnsf] k|sfzgsf ¿kdf d'vkq ;'?cft ug]{ / c~rn:t/Lo a[xt\ cGtlq{mof ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] cWoIf ltldlN;gfn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .


rf}w/Ln] Ps ca{ nufgL yKg]

sf7df8f}“ . ax'/fli6«o sDkgLsf ¿kdf :yflkt g]kfnsf] rlr{t pBf]u 3/fgf rf}w/L ;d"xn] Ps ;fy tLg j6f 7"nf of]hgfdf ! ca{ ( s/f]8 ?lkof“ nufgL ug]{ ePsf] 5 . Jojl:yt cfjf;sf] cjwf/0ff leœofPsf] rf}w/L ;d"nn] /fhwfgLdf b'O{ cfjf; of]hgf / lrtjgsf] e/tk'/df ax'kof]uL Jofkfl/s s]Gb|sf nflu ;f] nufgL ug{ nfu]sf] xf] .

rf}w/L ;d"x ;fg]kf nlntk'/sf] d'Vo sfof{nodf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs lgjf{0f rf}w/Ln] ;f] of]hgf cufl8 a9fpg] 3f]if0ff ug'{ePsf] xf] . lgdf{0ffwLg cfof]hgf nlntk'/sf] xl/l;l4df Jojl:yt cfjf;sf nflu gf} s/f]8sf] nfutdf gf} j6f 3/, sf7df8f}“sf] xfQLuf}“8fdf $% s/f]8sf] nfutdf ^) j6f 3/ / e/tk'/df ax'd'vL Jofkfl/s s]Gb|sf nflu e/tk'/ xjdf %% s/f]8 u/L 5'§f5'§} nufgL x'g nfu]sf] xf] . ;ª\qmd0fsfndf 3/hUufdf nufgL lg?T;flxt ePsf] ;dodf Pp6} pBf]u 3/fgfaf6 Psn nufgLdf kl5Nnf] 7"nf] nufgLdf ;f] cfof]hgfsf] 3f]if0ffn] pBf]u / cfof]hgfsf nflu yk xf};nf lbPsf] 5 .

…g]kfndf nufgLsf nflu ;Defjgf / cj;/ 5g\ eGg] ;Gb]z nGr ePsf of]hgfn] lbPsf] 5Ú– rf}w/L ;d"xsf sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs rf}w/Ln] eGg'eof]– …dWod / pRrju{sf nflu nlIft sfo{qmdn] pBf]uL Joj;foLnfO{ /Qm;~rf/ u5{ .

b'O{ j6f Jojl:yt cfjf;df k|ltju{km'6 sl/a ;ft xhf/ ?lkof“sf] laqmL d"No lgwf{/0f x'g] l;hL 8]enk;{sf dxfk|aGws cflzif zdf{n] atfpg'eof] . pxf“sf cg';f/ ;f] cfjf; cfof]hgfsf lgld{t ejgx¿ k/Dk/fut g]kfnL z}nLdf lgdf{0f u/L u|fxsnfO{ k"0f{ ;Gt'li6 lbg]5 . v'nf / km/flsnf] jftfj/0f, k"jf{wf/sf] plrt k|aGw, ;'/Iffsf] k|Tofe"lt, Sna / dgf]/~hg s]Gb|sf ;fydf cfw'lgs ;fd'bflos u[xsf] ¿kdf xl/l;l4sf] dfpG6Eo' /]l;8]G;L t];|f] km]h / l;hL xN;\ xfQLuf}“8fn] g]kfnLsf] ;kgf ;fsf/ agfpg] nufgLstf{n] ljZjf; lnPsf 5g\ .

l;hL 8]enk;{s} ;+nUgtfdf e/tk'/df Jofkfl/s k|of]hg, xf]6n, /]:6'/]G6;d]tsf] Pp6} 5fgfd'gL ax';]jf lngsf nflu e/tk'/ xjsf] lgdf{0f x'g] ePsf] 5 . %% s/f]8 ?lkof“sf] nfutsf lgdf{0f x'g] ;f] s]Gb| ! nfv %) xhf/ ju{km'6df e"ldut b'O{ tnf;lxt !! tnfsf] lrtjgsf] klxnf] Jofkfl/s s]Gb| aGg] nufgLstf{ rf}w/Ln] bfaL ug'{eof] .

sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs rf}w/Lsf cg';f/ e/tk'/ xjsf] ;kmntfkl5 ;f]xL k|s[ltsf] ax'pkof]uL Jofj;flos s]Gb| sl/a %)÷%) s/f]8 ?lkof“sf] nfutdf kf]v/f, a'6jn / O6x/Ldf ;d]t lgdf{0f x'g] ePsf] 5 .


k|wfgdGqLåf/f dlxnfnfO{ z'esfdgf

sf7df8f}“ . ! ;o !cf}+ cGt/f{li6«o >lds dlxnf lbj; -* dfr{_ sf cj;/df k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnn] z'esfdgf JoQm ug'{ePsf] 5 . …lzIff, tflnd / lj1fg k|ljlwdf ;dfg kx'“r, dlxnfsf nflu dof{lbt sfdsf nflu dfu{ k|:yfgÚ eGg] gf/fsf ;fy o; jif{ ;+;f/e/ cGt/f{li6«o >lds dlxnf lbj; dgfOPsf] 5 .

cfkm\gf] ;Gb]zdf k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] …g]kfnsf] cGtl/d ;+ljwfg–@)^# n] n}ª\lus ;d:ofnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{ /fHosf] cu|ufdL k'gM;+/rgf ug]{, sfg'gsf] b[li6df ;a} gful/s ;dfg x'g] / s;}nfO{ klg sfg'gsf] ;dfg ;+/If0faf6 jl~rt gul/g] tyf lnª\u / pTklQ;d]tsf cfwf/df e]befj gul/g]nufotsf ;a} lje]bsf/L sfg'gsf] cGTo ug]{ k|Tofe"lt u/]sf]Ú pNn]v ug'{ePsf] 5 . g]kfnL dlxnfx¿nfO{ yk clwsf/;DkGg u/fpg zflGt k|lqmofsf] k"0f{tf / gof“ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug'{ ckl/xfo{ /x]sf] klg pxf“n] cf}“Nofpg'ePsf] 5 .

k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] eGg'ePsf] 5– …;ft dlxgf nfdf] cGof]n / ult/f]wsf] cGTo ub}{ olta]nf d'n'snfO{ ;/sf/, zflGt, ;+ljwfg / l:y/tf lbg] p2]Zo;lxt gof“ ;/sf/ ag]sf] 5 . o;n] /fi6«sf] d"n sfo{ef/ zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf g} cfkm\gf] ch'{gb[li6 nufPsf] 5 . o;n] d'n'snfO{ zflGt / ;+ljwfg lbg] ;ª\sNk / c7f]6 klg u/]sf] 5 . zflGt / ;+ljwfg ;dod} ag]kl5 g} g]kfn / g]kfnL hgtf ;d[l4 / pHHjn eljiolt/ cl3 a9\g ;Sg]5g\ . ta dfq} /fhgLlts kl/jt{gsf pknlAwx¿nfO{ cfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts ¿kfGt/0fsf] :ki6 w/ftndf pEofpg / cl3 a9\g ;lsG5 . ;fy}, n}ª\lus lx;fan] klg k"0f{¿kn] ;dfgtfo'Qm ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f ug{ ;lsG5 .Ú


Zofdk|;fbnfO{ k'/:sf/

sf7df8f}+ . o'4k|;fb :d[lt k'/:sf/ jl/i7 k|ultjfbL ;flxTosf/ Zofdk|;fbnfO{ k|bfg ul/g] ePsf] 5 . o'4k|;fb :d[lt k|lti7fgn] x/]s jif{ k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf] k'/:sf/ o; jif{ Zofdk|;fbnfO{ lbg] lg0f{o ePsf] xf] .

k'/:sf/ rog ;ldltn] pxf“nfO{ @)^^ sf] k'/:sf/ k|bfg ug]{ l;kmfl/; u/]sf] xf] . k|lti7fgsf pkfWoIf df]xg b'jfnsf] ;+of]hsTjdf leS6/ k|wfg / ;Ltf zdf{ ;b:o /x]sf] k'/:sf/ rog ;ldlt u7g ul/Psf] lyof] .

k'/:sf/ :juL{o ld>sf] @)cf}“ :d[lt lbj;sf lbg kmfu'g @* ut] gjlgo'Qm lzIffdGqL uª\ufnfn t'nfw/sf] k|d'v cfltYodf ljt/0f x'g] hgfOPsf] 5 . ;df/f]x eQmk'/sf] l;?6f/l:yt sljj/ ld>sf] hGdynf] ;f]dlnª\6f/df x'g] k|lti7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 . ;df/f]xdf ;flxTosf/sf] :jf:Yo pkrf/df ljz]if ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] gle{s c:ktfnsf cWoIf j;Gt rf}w/L tyf lrlsTs;x¿ j;Gt kGt, dbgs'df/ lkof, e/t k|wfg, ;/f]h lwtfn / /fh]Gb| k/fh'nLnfO{ klg ;Ddfg ul/g]5 .


cf0fljs o'4lj?4 8fS6/sf] e]nf

sf7df8f}“ . cf0fljs o'4lj?4 cGt/f{li6«o lrlsT;sx¿sf] Pl;of:t/Lo e]nf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . kmfu'g @), @! / @@ ut] rn]sf] e]nfn] ljZj zflGtsf] af/]df uDeL/ 5nkmn u/]sf] lyof] .

;fdflhs pQ/bfloTjsf nflu lrlsT;sx¿, g]kfnn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] e]nfn] Pl;of dxfb]zdf zflGtsf r'gf}tLx¿sf] ljZn]if0f ub}{ zflGtsf nflu cfjZos d'2f p7fpg / If]qLo tyf ljZj zflGtsf nflu ;xsfo{ cl3 a9fpg cfu|x u/]sf] 5 . sfo{qmddf a+unfb]z, rLg, ef/t, hfkfg, pQ/, sf]l/of, kfls:tfg, >Ln+sf, lkmgNofG8 tyf g]kfnsf k|ltlglwx¿n] efu lnPsf lyP .

sfo{qmddf cf7 b]zsf &) hgf ljb]zL lrlsT;s / ^) hgf d]l8sn :6'8]G6 ;xefuL lyP . pQm ;+:yf ;g\ !(*^ df g]kfnL lrlsT;sx¿åf/f :yflkt tyf cf0fljs o'4lj?4 cGt/f{li6«o lrlsT;sx¿ gfds ;+:yf;“u cg'alGwt ;+:yf xf] . ljZj zflGt tyf efOrf/fnfO{ ;fdflhs pQ/bfloTj dfGg] g]kfnL lrlsT;sx¿ of] ;+:yfdf cfa4 5g\ .


g]kfnL ljBfyL{nfO{ 5'6

sf7df8f}“ . ef/tsf] g}gLtfnl:yt 6]DkN6g OG6/g];gn Ps]8]dLn] cfkm\gf] If]qLo sfof{no sf7df8f}“df lj:tf/ u/]sf] 5 . ef/t cWoogsf nflu tof/L ul//x]sf g]kfnL ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ nlIft u/]/ 6]DkN6gn] sfof{no lj:tf/;“u} ljz]if 5fqj[lQsf] ;d]t Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 .

sn]hn] g]kfnL ljBfyL{sf nflu dfq eg]/ …g]kfn >L dgdf]xg 1fgf]boÚ 5fqj[lQ NofPsf] xf] . o; cGtu{t cª\u|]hL / lj1fg ljifodf u/L () k|ltzt cª\s xfl;n ug]{ ljBfyL{nfO{ %) k|ltzt 5'6 lbg] atfPsf] 5 . To;}u/L *) k|ltzt cª\s xfl;n ug]{n] #) k|ltzt / &) k|ltzt cª\s Nofpg] ljBfyL{nfO{ @) k|ltzt 5'6 lbOg] 6]DkN6]g u|'ksf lhPd k|]dgfyn] atfP .

Ps b]lv !@ sIff;Dd k9fO x'g] o; ljBfnon] km/s z}lIfs ljlw ckgfPsf] 5 . cfw'lgs ljZjdf h'g;'s} r'gf}tLsf] ;fdgf ug{ ;Sg] ljBfyL{ pTkfbg ug]{ bfaL ul//x]sf] ljBfnon] k|of]ufTds lzIffnfO{ k|fyldstf lbPsf] 5 . oxf“ cWoog/t ljBfyL{n] s'g} klg ;dodf lel8of] sGkm/]lG;ªdfkm{t ljZjsf ljBfyL{x¿;“u ;fIffTsf/ ug{ ;S5g\ . …P8'sd :df6{ Snf;Ú cGtu{t ljBfnon] o:tf] k|ljlw ckgfPsf] xf] . o;sf] ;DaGw ljZjsf !^% b]z;“u 5 . @# Ps8 hldgdf km}lnPsf] ljBfnoleq ;ft j6f v]n d}bfg 5g\ . cltl/Qm lqmofsnfknfO{ hf]8 lbg] ljBfnon] ljBfyL{nfO{ lgoldt ¿kdf v]ns'bdf ;l/s u/fp“b} cfPsf] 5 .

of] cfj;Lo ljBfno xf] . oxf“ ljBfyL{sf nflu u'0f:t/Lo vfgf / a:gsf nflu Joj:yf ul/Psf] ljBfno ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . 6]DkN6gdf cWoog/t ljBfyL{x¿af/] cfkm\gf cleefjsn] 3/}df a;]/;d]t lgu/fgL ug{ ;S5g\ . OG6/g]6sf] dfWodaf6 ljBfyL{sf] cj:yf, k|ult ljj/0faf/] yfxf kfpg ;lsg] atfOPsf] 5 . o; ljBfnodf ljleGg b]zsf k|f]km];/x¿ e|d0fsf nflu cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . pgLx¿;“usf] ;fIffTsf/n] klg ljBfyL{df yk 1fg cfh{g x'g] atfOG5 .


:jR5Gbsf] %#cf}“ jflif{sf]T;j

lrTnfª . :jR5Gb e}/j pRr dfljsf] %#cf}“ jflif{sf]T;j ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf xl/k|;fb g]kfnsf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf dsjfgk'/ If]q gDa/–@ sf ;ef;b\ k|]daxfb'/ k'nfdL k|d'v cltlysf ¿kdf /xg'ePsf] lyof] .

To; cj;/df ;ef;b\ k'nfdLn] ljBfnonfO{ /fhgLltaf6 6f9f /fVg k|of; ug'{kg]{ s'/fdf hf]8 lb“b} To;df cfkm\gf] k"0f{ ;xof]u /xg] k|lta4tf JoQm ug'{ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf ;dfh;]jL ho/fd nfld5fg]n] ljBfno 7f]; sfo{ of]hgfsf ;fy cl3 a9]df cfkm\gf] tkm{af6 h:tf];'s} ;xof]u x'g] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . sfo{qmddf a'l4hLjL s'df/ yfkf / pQdk|;fb pkfWofon] pRr dfljnfO{ SofDk; txdf ¿kfGt/0f ug{ ;a} nfUg'kg]{ atfpg'eof] .

sfo{qmddf pTs[i6 ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ k'/:sf/ ljt/0f ul/Psf] lyof] eg] ljBfyL{x¿sf tkm{af6 :jfut uLt / r]tgfd"ns gf6s k|bz{g ul/Psf] lyof] . ljBffnosf k|frfo{ lji0f'k|;fb bxfnn] ljBfnosf tkm{af6 k|ult k|ltj]bg k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] . o;cl3 cfly{s ;ª\sngsf nflu ljBfnon] u/]sf] dxfo1df ;dfj]zL nfld5fg]n] 5 nfv kf“r xhf/ kf“r ;o krkGg / ;ef;b\ k'nfdLn] ;f+;b ljsf; sf]ifaf6 &% xhf/ ?lkof“ ;xof]u ug'{ePsf] lyof] . nfld5fg] g]skf Pdfn]k|lt cfZyfjfg Joj;foL, g]kfn lgdf{0f Joj;foL dxf;ª\3sf k"j{;lrj tyf k|ltli7t lgdf{0f sDkgL :jR5Gb lgdf{0f ;]jfsf k|aGw lgb]{zs x'g\ .


gf/L lbj;df cu|0fL dlxnf

sf7df8f}“ . cGt/f{li6«o gf/L lbj;sf] cj;/ kf/]/ kqsf/ lgd{ns'df/ cfrfo{n] cfkm\gf] s[lt …cu|0fL dlxnfÚ ;fj{hlgs u/]sf 5g\ . cu|0fL g]kfnL dlxnfx¿sf af/]df ljleGg kqklqsfx¿df snd rnfp“b} cfPsf cfrfo{sf] dlxnf ;Gbe{df n]lvPsf] of] bf];|f] k':ts xf] . o;cl3 pgn] …!)! k|yd g]kfnL dlxnfÚ gfds k':ts ;fj{hlgs ul/;s]sf 5g\ .

s'g} cf}krfl/s sfo{qmdlagf g} ahf/df NofOPsf] of] k':ts ljleGg If]qdf lqmofzLn cu|0fL g]kfnL dlxnfx¿sf] hLjgLdf cfwfl/t 5 . ;flxTo, snf, ;ª\uLt, lzIff, kqsfl/tf, pBf]u–Joj;fo, rnlrq, v]n, :jf:Yo ;dfh;]jfnufotsf ljleGg If]qdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf dlxnfx¿nfO{ pgn] k':tsdf ;d]6]sf 5g\ .

;LPgPg lx/f] cg'/fwf sf]O/fnf, k|yd dlxnf :qL/f]u ljz]if1 8f=;fljqL u'?ª, k|yd ;lxb dlxnf kqsf/ pdf l;+x, uflosf cfgL5f]Oª 8f]Ndf, rnlrq lgb]{zs ;'lrqf >]i7nufot %% hgf ;dfhdf ljlzi6 e"ldsf ePsf dlxnfx¿sf af/]df k':tsdf rrf{ ul/Psf] 5 . pgn] k':tsdf ;dfj]z u/]sf sltko dlxnfx¿ ljlzi6 e"ldsfsf ;fy} cfkm\gf] If]qdf k|yd dlxnf x'g] ;f}efUo klg k|fKt u/]sf 5g\ .


kf6L{leq} ;ª\3if{df hf]8

sf7df8f}“ . hfu/0f g]kfn / /fli6«o dlxnf clwsf/ ;/f]sf/ d~rsf] ;+of]hg tyf gful/stfdf ;dfg clwsf/sf nflu ;xsfo{ ;~hfn / ;fkL÷hL6LhLs] cfof]hgfdf /fhgLlts bnsf elugL ;ª\u7g, dlxnf clwsf/sdL{, u|fdL0f dlxnf / kqsf/sf aLr …/fhgLlts bnsf cjwf/0ffkqdf dlxnfsf k|fjwfg / gful/stfdf ;dfg clwsf/Ú ljifodf 5nkmn ul/Psf] 5 . ! ;o !cf}“ cGt/f{li6«o >lds lbj;sf cj;/df ;f] sfo{qmd cfof]hgf ul/Psf] lyof] .

;f] sfo{qmddf ljleGg ;ft /fhgLlts bnn] ;+ljwfg;efdf a'emfPsf cjwf/0ffkqx¿df Joj:yf ul/Psf] dlxnf;DaGwL k|fjwfgsf] ljifodf ul/Psf] cg';Gwfg÷ljZn]if0ffTds k|ltj]bg hfu/0f g]kfnsf cWoIf zld{nf sfsL{n] k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf gful/stfdf ;dfg clwsf/sf nflu ;xsfo{ ;~hfnsf tkm{af6 ;Ldf wfdLn] /fhgLlts bnsf pRr:t/Lo sfo{bn / df}lns xs tyf /fHosf lgb]{zs l;4fGt ;ldltn] gful/stfsf ljifodf u/]sf lg0f{ox¿ / ;dfg clwsf/sf nflu s:tf] k|fjwfg x'g'kb{5 eGg] ljifodf sfo{kq k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

sfo{qmddf cg]d;ª\3sL s]Gb|Lo dxf;lrj tyf ;ef;b\ ;Ltf kf}8]nn] kf6L{leq ;dfg clwsf/sf nflu cem w]/} ;ª\3if{ ug'{kg]{ atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] k|hgg clwsf/, ;'/lIft dft[Tj clwsf/, j+zhsf] clwsf/ x'g'kg]{df hf]8 lbg'eof] . /fHosf gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf dlxnfnfO{ lje]b ul/“b} cfPsf] / dlxnfdflysf] lje]b cGTo ug{ /fHosf gLlt tyf lgod g} dlxnfd'vL x'g'kg]{df hf]8 lbg'eof] .

;ef;b\ hgs rfln;]n] dg'jfbL ;+:s[lt / lxGb" wd{af6 lgb]{lzt k/Dk/fsf sf/0f dlxnfx¿ lje]bdf kb}{ cfPsf] atfpg'eof] eg] Pg]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ sf ;ef;b\ tyf cg]d;ª\3 -qmflGtsf/L_ sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o nLnf ;f]dO{n] dlxnfnfO{ lzIff, :jf:Yo, /f]huf/Ldf ljz]if clwsf/ k|bfg u/L gof“ ;+ljwfg k'/fgf ;+ljwfgeGbf k[ys\ / dlxnfd'vL agfpg'kg]{df hf]8 lbg'eof] . /fli6«o k|hftGq kf6L{sf dlxnf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o cfzf nfdfn] /fhgLlts bnx¿df klg lkt[;QfTds ;f]r /x]sf] / dlxnfleq klg k5fl8 kfl/Psf dlxnfx¿sf] ;xeflutf sd ePsf], h;n] ubf{ u|fdL0f :t/sf dlxnfx¿sf] ;xeflutf ;Gtf]ifhgs x'g g;s]sf] atfpg'eof] .

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