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d'Vo ;dfrf/
 
;/sf/ gaGb} h]7 !$ sf] lrGtf

sf7df8f}“ . ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{ yflnPsf] Ps jif{sf] Dofb ;lsg ca ^^ lbg af“sL /x“bf h]7 !$ ut]leq} zflGt k|lqmof 6'ª\Uofpg] / ;+ljwfg hf/L ug]{ d'Vo sfo{ef/ af]s]/ u7g ePsf] ;/sf/n] krf; lbg lalt;Sbf k"0f{tf kfpg;s]sf] 5}g . /, d'Vo sfo{ef/ k"/f ug{ 5f]l6“b} uPsf] ;do / ;/sf/ lj:tf/df nlDa“b} uPsf hl6ntfsf] e"d/Ldf b]zleq / aflx/af6 clxn]b]lv g} h]7 !$ kl5sf] cj:yfaf/] lrGtf k|s6 x'g yfn]sf 5g\ .

b'O{ jif{df ;+ljwfg agfpg] hgfb]z kfPsf] ;+ljwfg;efn] Tof] sfo{ef/ k"/f ug{ ;s]g . To;kl5 ut jif{ h]7 !$ ut] hgfb]zljk/Lt ;+ljwfg;efn] /ftf/ft Ps jif{sf] ;do cfkm}“n] yk u/]/ ylkPsf] ;dodf ;+ljwfg hf/L ug]{ k|lta4tf JoQm u/]sf] lyof] . t/, d'n'ssf] ;du| /fhgLltdf dfq xf]Og, kf6L{ ljz]ifsf] cfGtl/s /fhgLltleq ;d]t b]lvPsf hl6ntfn] ylkPsf] ;dodf ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug]{ s'/fnfO{ emg\emg\ zª\sfsf] 3]/fdf kfb}{ nu]sf] 5 . of] cj:yfn] cfdgful/s lrlGtt x'g' :jfefljs xf] . To;f] t cj:yfsf] lrGtf uf]xLsf cf“z' r'xfp“b} k|To]s /fhgLlts bnn] JoQm ub}{ cfPsf klg 5g\ . t/, tLg} bnsf] lhDd]jf/LxLgtfn] ubf{ lgwf{l/t ldlt 5f]l6“b} uPsf] 5 . of] cj:yfk|lt uDeL/ aGg'sf] ;§f wldnf] kfgLdf df5f dfg]{ v]nsf] ;'?cft klg b]zleq / aflx/af6 ;d]t k|z:t dfqfdf x'g yfn]sf] 5 .

;/sf/ cfkm"cg's"n aGof] jf ag]g eGg] gfddf cg]s zlQmn] g]kfnsf] eljio lgwf{/0f ug]{ sfd ;'? u/]sf 5g\, h'g g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf k6Ss} gof“ eg] xf]Og . jt{dfg ;/sf/k|lt ;'?b]lv g} ;zª\lst /x“b} cfPsf] elgg] ef/tn] clxn]b]lv g} h]7 !$ ut] kl5sf] lrGtf JoQm ug{ ;'? ul/;s]sf] 5 . cfkm\gf] :jfy{l;l4sf nflu ;w}“ g]kfndf bfpdf /fVg] ef/tsf] of] …lrGtfÚsf k5fl8 y'k|} /x:ox¿ n's]sf] ;lhn} cg'dfg nufpg ;lsG5 . kl5Nnf] ;dodf h]–h:tf kfq;“u e]6]/ p;n] Tof] …lrGtfÚ k|s6 ul//x]sf] 5, To;af6 klg p;sf] lgot emlNsG5 . kl5Nnf] ;dodf k~rfotsf …dxfgfosÚ ;"o{axfb'/ yfkfb]lv ;'? ePsf] ef/tLox¿sf] e]63f6 / rf;f]sf] z[ª\vnf k"j{/fhf 1fg]Gb| zfx x'“b} dw];jfbL g]tf;Dd cfOk'u]sf] 5 . yfkf / zfx;“usf e]6sf u'x\o s'/f ;fj{hlgs eO;s]sf 5}gg\ . t/, dw];jfbL g]tfn] e|d0f ;s]/ g]kfn kms]{nuQ} ef/tsf] ;Gb]z cfkm\gf] d'vaf6 ;fj{hlgs ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ .

en}, h]7 !$ df ;+ljwfg hf/L x'g g;Snf, Tof] cfkm\gf] 7fp“df 5 . t/, ;/sf/ / k|d'v /fhgLlts bnn] cem} klg tf]lsPs} ldltdf ;+ljwfg aGg] atfO/x]sf 5g\ . t/, g]kfnk|lt cgfjZos rf;f] /fVg] ef/tn] h]7 !$ kl5sf] cj:yfaf/] clxNo} g} lrGtf k|s6 ug{ yfNg'nfO{ eg] clgi6sf] k"j{;ª\s]tsf ¿kdf lng yflnPsf] 5 . o;sf] ;f]emf] cy{ xf]– ef/t h]7 !$ df ;+ljwfg hf/L xf];\ eGg] kIfdf 5}g . dw];jfbL bnsf g]tf;“u ef/tn] h]7 !$ kl5 gof“ hgfb]zdf hfg'kg]{ / ;+ljwfgsf nflu hgdt ;ª\u|x u/fpg'kg]{ wf/0ff /fv]sf] ;f]emf] cg'dfg e|d0fkl5 kmf]/d nf]stflGqssf g]tf ljhos'df/ uR5bf/n] lbPsf cleJolQmaf6 g} nufpg ;lsG5 .

g]kfnsf x/]s /fhgLlts ptf/–r9fjdf k|ToIf–k/f]If ¿kdf x'g] ef/tsf] e"ldsfaf/] yk ;f]Rg'kg]{ cj:yf af“sL 5}g . ef/ts} rfxgfdf g]kfnsf] /fhgLltn] ;+ljwfg;ef u7g;Ddsf] df]8 lnPsf] xf] eGg]x¿sf] sdL 5}g . ;+ljwfg;efaf6} cfkm\gf] Ph]G8f nfu" u/fpg dw];df ef/tn] u/]sf] /fhgLlt klg s;}sf ;fd" l5k]sf] 5}g . t/, ;+ljwfg;efdf dw];jfbLx¿sf] h'g zlQm pkl:yt eof], To;cg'¿k sfd ug{ g;s]sf] lgisif{df k'u]sf] ef/tn] lj:tf/} tL bn 6'qmØfpg] / ;+ljwfg;efnfO{ klg lj36g ug]{ gof“ v]n ;'? u/]sf] ljZn]if0f /fhgLlts j[Qdf x'g yfn]sf] 5 .

t/, bf]if ef/tnfO{ lbP/ dfq} klG5g] cj:yfdf g]kfnsf /fhgLlts bnx¿ 5}gg\ . of] hl6ntf / ;Dd'vdf cfp“b} u/]sf] ;ª\s6k|lt uDeL/ x'“bf x'g\ t dlGqd08nn] k"0f{tf kfpg olt ;do nfUg] g} lyPg . gof“ ;/sf/ u7g ePsf] %) lbg lalt;Sof], cem} k"0f{tf kfpg] 5gs b]lvPsf] 5}g . ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{ b'O{ ltxfOsf] dt cfjZos k5{ . g]kfnL sfª\u]|; / dw];L df]rf{ aflx/ /x]sf] l:yltdf b'O{ ltxfO a6'Ng ;lsg] cj:yf 5}g . To;f] x'gfn] ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{sf nflu tL bnnfO{ s'g} klg xfntdf ;/sf/df ;xefuL u/fpg'kg]{ afWotf 5 . t/, of] ;/sf/df ghfg] s'/fdf tL bn clxn];Dd 6;d; g/x]sf] csf]{ oyfy{ klg 5 . of] e"d/Ldf tL bnnfO{ klg ;/sf/df Nofpg] gfddf jt{dfg ;/sf/n] ;+ljwfg hf/L ug'{kg]{ …8]8nfOgÚ 5'g] cj:yf cfO;s]sf] 5 .

sfª\u]|;nufotsf c¿ bnnfO{ ;/sf/df Nofpg] k|of; cem} hf/L 5 . t/, To;s} gfddf ;/sf/df ;xefuL bnaf6 klg dlGqd08n lj:tf/ gug'{ csf]{ ;d:ofsf ¿kdf /x]sf] 5 . ;/sf/df ;xefuL bnn] /fli6«o ;xdltsf] k|of;sf sf/0f dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/df l9nfO ePsf] hlt;'s} bfaL u/] klg ca Tof] bfaL em"6f] x'“b} uPsf] 5 .

;/sf/df ;xefuL bnleq} dGqL aGg]x¿sf] Joj:yfkg 7"nf] r'gf}tL ag]sf] 5 . Tof] r'gf}tL d'VotM Pdfn] / dfcf]jfbLdf g} 5 . Tolt dfq xf]Og, ;/sf/df ;xefuL x'g] lg0f{o ul/;s]sf c¿ ;fgf bnaf6 klg dGqLsf] 6'ª\uf] nufP/ dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/df ePsf] k|ult b]vfpg] sfd ePsf] 5}g . oL ;a} l9nfOn] klg h]7 !$ kl5sf] lrGtfnfO{ cem} alnof] agfPsf] 5 eg] ;+ljwfg gagf];\ eGg] rfxgf /fVg]x¿sf nflu hfnem]nsf tfgfafgf a'Gg klg d2t ldn]sf] 5 .

csf{lt/ h]7 !$ leq zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf sfo{ef/ k"/f gug]{ lbzfdf ;/sf/s} ;a}eGbf k|d'v bn dfcf]jfbL p4[t b]lvPsf] 5 . zflGt k|lqmof g6'ª\luP;Dd ;+ljwfg hf/L x'g] s'g} ;Defjgf 5}g . t/, klxn] ;+ljwfg clg n8fs' ;dfof]hg eGb} Psflt/ jftfj/0f wldNofp“b} 5 eg] csf{lt/ cfkm}“n] u/]sf ;xdlt cfkm}“n] tf]8\b} cfPsf] klg 5 . gof“ ;/sf/ u7g kl5 klg n8fs' ;dfof]hgsf] tflnsf tTsfn agfpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] xKtf}“ lalt;Sbf klg ;]gf ;dfof]hg ljz]if ;ldltsf] a}7s a:g ;s]sf] 5}g .


/fi6«klt lsg ‘lrlGtt’ <

sf7df8f}“ . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf ePsf] l9nfOaf/] /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjn] kl5Nnf lbgx¿df v'a} lrGtf k|s6 ug{ yfNg'ePsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfn / ;efd'v ;'jf; g]Djfªn] pxf“;“u ug]{ lgoldt e]63f6df klg ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf clxn];Dd ePsf] k|ult / h]7 !$ leq ;+ljwfg aGg] ;'lglZrttfsf af/]df lh1f;f /fVg ;'? ug'{ePsf] 5 .

Dofb ylkPsf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] cjlw ;lsg ca ^^ lbg dfq af“sL 5 . ;+ljwfg;efn] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf nflu ul//x]sf] u[xsfo{ oxL ultdf cl3 a9]df af“sL ;dodf ;+ljwfg aGg] ;'lglZrttf gePsf] cfzª\sf ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . cfzª\sfs} aLr To; cjlwleq ;+ljwfg gag]df s] x'G5 eGg] ljifodf eg] cg]s sf]0faf6 k|Zgx¿ p7\g yfn]sf 5g\ . bnx¿ clxn] cl3 a9]s} 9f“rfdf cl3 a9]df h]7 !$ leq ;+ljwfg aGg] ;Defjgf g/x]sf] dfgjclwsf/sdL{ ;'af]w/fh Kofs'/]n atfp“5g\ . /fi6«klt ofbjsf] lrGtfnfO{ …lrGtf dfq geO{ /fi6« k|d'vsf x}l;otn] lbOPsf] uDeL/ lgb]{zgÚsf ¿kdf a'em\g'kg]{ Kofs'/]nsf] ts{ 5 .

lgb]{zgnfO{ uDeL/ ¿kdf lnP/ 9f“rf kl/jt{g u/L cl3 a9\g g;s]df Dofb yKg'sf] ljsNk gePsf] pgL atfp“5g\ . ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] ;d]t ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb yKg ldNg] cfzosf] km};nf u/]sf] 5 . …To;}n] oxL ;+ljwfgsf] cgGtsfnLg ofqfdf bnx¿ lx“8\g] ;Defjgf 5Ú– pgn] eg] .

ptf, gful/s ;dfhsf cu'jf Zofd >]i7 /fi6«klt ofbjn] ;+ljwfg aG5÷aGb}g eGg]af/] ;f]Wg] xs /fv] klg x:tIf]k ug]{ xs /fVg g;Sg] lhls/ u5{g\ . pgn] eg]– …h]7 !$ leq ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{  g;s] klg ;+ljwfg;efnfO{ lj36g ug{ ldNb}g / ;+ljwfg;ef To:tf] ;+:yf klg xf]Og .Ú ;+ljwfgnfO{ k"0f{tf lbg g;s] klg ;]ldkmfOgnsf ¿kdf klxnf] d:of}bf eg] 3f]if0ff ug'{kg]{ >]i7sf] wf/0ff 5 . /fi6«kltnfO{ s]xL ug{ klg ;+ljwfgn] clwsf/ glbPsfn] pxf“n] glbPsf] clwsf/ k|of]u u/]/ ljjfbdf cfpg] sfd gug]{ >]i7sf] cfzf 5 .

t/, /fi6«klt sfof{no eg] /fi6«kltsf] lrGtfnfO{ :jfefljs lrGtf / /fi6«sf] cleefjssf] x}l;otn] ug'{kg]{ bfloTjsf ¿kdf a'em\b5 . /fi6«kltsf k]|; ;Nnfxsf/ /fh]Gb| bfxfn l9nfOsf a]nf /fi6«fWoIfn] k|wfgdGqL / ;efd'vnfO{ 3R3Rofpg' cfjZos ePsf] ts{ u5{g\ . eG5g\– …xfdL ;fdfGo gful/snfO{ t ;+ljwfgsf] lrGtf 5 eg] pxf“ t cleefjs xf] .Ú t/ ;+ljwfg aGg ;s]g eg] s;/L cl3 a9\g] eGg] s'/f dlGqkl/ifb\ / bnx¿sf] lg0f{od} e/ kg]{ pgL atfp“5g\ .


‘ef}lts ¿kd} l;Wofpg’ lgb]{zg

sf7df8f}“ . l;ª\uf] kf6L{ …x]8Sjf{6/ÚnfO{ g} r'gf}tL lbO/x]sf clvn g]kfn 6]«8 o'lgog dxf;ª\3sf cWoIf zflns/fd hd/s§]nn] cfkm\gf] lj?4 sfd ug]{ dhb'/nfO{ …;'6Ú ug]{ lgb]{zg lbPsf 5g\ . dfcf]jfbLsf] dhb'/ ;ª\u7g r/d ljjfbdf kl//x]sf a]nf pQ]lht ag]sf hd/s§]nn] To;sf nflu xltof/;lxtsf] b:tf g} v8f u/]sf 5g\ .

l;ª\uf] sfg'gL /fHosf] pkxf; ub}{ /fhwfgLsf Sofl;gf]df sfo{/t s]xL ckm"kIfLo dhb'/nfO{ k]:tf]n;lxt pgn] kl/rfng u/]sf 5g\ . ;f] s'/fsf] ;'O“sf] kfPkl5 pkfWoIfåo df]xg j}B / 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ kIfw/ dhb'/df efuefu dlRrPsf] 5 . pgn] ;f]daf/ afg]Zj/l:yt xf]6]n Pe/]:6df cfof]lht sfo{qmddf cfkm"lj?4 hfg] hf] sf]xLnfO{ l;WofOlbg] atfPsf lyP . To;nuQ} tf/f Sofl;gf], cGgf Sofl;gf] / Pe/]:6 xf]6ndf hd/s§]nkIfLo dhb'/ g]tfx¿n] k]:tf]n k|bz{g u/]sf lyP .

lqkIfLo cfGtl/s emu8fsf sf/0f l5GgleGg ePsf] ;ª\u7gnfO{ Pslqt ug]{ k|of;:j¿k hd/s§]nsf] g]t[Tjdf ;fd]af/ Pe/]:6 xf]6]ndf Ps x'n dhb'/ l5/]sf lyP . hd/s§]nn] pQ]lht x'“b} …ls/0f / afa'/fdsf] lgb]{zgdf lx“8\g] hf] sf]xLnfO{ klg l;Wofpg lgb]{zg lbO;s]sf] 5'Ú eg]/ ;'?d} a;]{sf lyP . To;kl5 Toxf“ pkl:yt s]xL dhb'/x¿ ;zª\lst x'“b} aflx/ lgl:sPsf lyP . pgn] efif0fd} pkfWoIf j}B, e§/fO{ / o'jf g]tf g]qljqmd rGbnfO{ klg g5f]8\g] eGb} xltof/;lxtsf] b:tf kl/rflnt ePsf] atfPsf lyP .

To;nuQ} tf/f Sofl;gf]df hgs a8\tf}nf, cGgfsf sNkb]j /fO{, Pe/]:6 xf]6]nsf emns >]i7, dxf;ª\3sf pkfWoIf dfwj kf08] / dxf;lrj s'df/ kGt xltof/;lxt kl/rflnt ePsf] dhb'/x¿n] yfxf kfPsf lyP . xf]6]n tyf Sofl;gf]df sfo{/t sd{rf/LnfO{ cfkm"lj?4 uP ;a} an k|of]u u/]/ Wj:t agfpg] wDsL hd/s§]nsf] lyof] .

/fhwfgLsf kf“rtf/] xf]6ndf sdhf]/ pkl:ylt /x]sf] ;d"xsf] lbgk|ltlbg o:t} wDsLkl5 j}B / e§/fO{ kIfw/ dhb'/x¿ lj:yflkt ePsf 5g\ . …kf6L{nfO{ t p;n] dfGb}g, ca c¿nfO{ rflx“ s] af“sL /fV5 <– afg]Zj/ Pe/]:6 xf]6]ndf sfo{/t e§/fO{ kIfLo Ps dhb'/n] eg]– …Joj:yfkgnfO{ eg]/ hflu/ g} vfOlbof] eg] emg\ s] ug'{ <Ú tL dhb'/n] s]xL lbgotf cfkm" hd/s§]n ;d"xsf] wDsLsf sf/0f xf]6]n g} guPsf] atfP .

dfcf]jfbLleq pkfWoIfåo j}B / e§/fO{åf/f sf/afxL ug{ cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnnfO{ bafa k/] klg hd/s§]nn] emg\ bfbflu/L dRrfp“b} lx“8]sf 5g\, h;sf sf/0f ;f] kf6L{sf] dhb'/ ;ª\u7g ljeflht x'g] dfq} xf]Og, Ps csf{nfO{ ef}lts ¿kd} l;Wofpg];Ddsf] lbzfdf pGd'v ePsf] 5 .

s/f]8f}“ /sd u'kr'k

dhb'/ ;ª\u7gnfO{ cfpg] dfl;s @% nfv /sdsf] lx;fa–lstfa dfUbf ljjfb alNemPsf] v'nf;f ePsf] 5 . …a'waf/Ú ;“usf] s'/fsfgLdf dxf;ª\3sf kbflwsf/L;d]t /x]sf Ps g]tfn] hd/s§]nnfO{ …lx;fa–lstfa b]vfpg";\Ú eGbf dhb'/leq 7"nf] nkm8f ePsf] atfP .

/fhwfgLsf ;a} Sofl;gf]x¿n] dfl;s @% nfv ?lkof“ hDdf u/]/ hd/s§]nnfO{ a'emfp“y] . t/, ;f] /sd kf6L{sf lhDd]jf/ g]tfx¿nfO{ hfgsf/L lbO“b}gYof] . dfq clvn g]kfn xf]6n tyf /]:6'/f“ dhb'/ ;ª\3 / dxf;ª\3sf s]xL kbflwsf/LnfO{ dfq} yfxf lyof] . kfn'ª\6f/sf] lj:tfl/t a}7s cufl8 dhb'/leq …PsPs lx;fa lbg";\Ú eg]/ j}B / e§/fO{ kIfLo g]tfx¿n] dfu]kl5 ljjfb rls{Psf] lyof] . hd/s§]nn] ;f] /sd x]8Sjf6{/nfO{ a'emfPsf] eGb} cWoIf bfxfn;“u dfUg eg]sf lyP . To;af/] kfn'ª\6f/df s'/f p7\bf cWoIf bfxfnn] …;a}n] cfkm\gf] lx;fa–lstfa a'emfP d klg tof/ 5'Ú eg]/ hjfkm lbPsf lyP .

e§/fO{ kIfLo tL dhb'/ g]tfsf cg';f/ Sofl;gf]af6 dfl;s k|fKt x'g] ;f] /sd ;fª\lu|nf

Sofl;gf]sL dxfk|aGws g}nf lji6n] hDdf u/]/ k'¥ofOlblGyg\ . kl5 ;f] /sd ;ª\sngdf dNn, ¥ofl8;g / kf]v/f Sofl;gf]sf dflns lszf]/ l;njfnn] ;d]t ;xof]u k'¥ofp“b} cfPsf lyP . pQm /sd cWoIf bfxfn / hd/s§]nsf] ldn]dtf]df u'kr'k kfl/Psf] tL g]tfn] atfP . To:t}, /fs]z jfb\jfsf] :jfldTjdf /x]sf] /f]on Sofl;gf]nfO{ o'lgogsf] zlQm nufP/ k"j{/fhfsf HjfO“ /fhaxfb'/ l;+xnfO{ lbOPsf] lyof] . To;afkt l;+xn] kf6L{nfO{ lbPsf] kf“r s/f]8 /sd klg bfxfn / hd/s§]nn] u'kr'k kf/]sf] cf/f]k nfUb} cfPsf] 5 .

hf]8Lsf] rrf{ alNe“mb}

;ª\u7gleq hd/s§]n / sf]iffWoIf piff b]jsf]6faLrsf] p7a;nfO{ lnP/ pgs} kIfsf s]xL dlxnf ;b:ox¿n] cfzª\sf ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ . hd/s§]nn] cfkm" hxf“ uP klg piffnfO{ ;“u} lnP/ hfg yfn]kl5 o'4sfnb]lv g} dhb'/ cfGbf]ngdf ;xefuL s]xL g]tfx¿n] cf}“nf 78\ofPsf 5g\ .

b]z–ljb]zdf h'g;'s} sfo{qmddf hd/s§]nn] piffnfO{ 5'6fp“b}gg\ . a]kQf dhb'/ g]tf pd]z ;]9fO+{sL >LdtL piff l;Gw'nLsL x'g\ . pgL )^! ;fndf dfq} kf6L{;“u hf]l8PsL lyOg\ . hd/s§]n / piffsf] hf]8L kfn'ª\6f/df ;DkGg dfcf]jfbLsf] lj:tfl/t a}7saf6 kf]v/f ;o/ ug{ uPsf] lyof] . To:t}, ut b;}“df pgLx¿ b'O{hgf ef/tsf] uf]jf 3'Dg uPsf lyP . cfO{Pncf]sf ljb]zdf eO/xg] sfo{qmddf klg piff rflx“ b'O{÷tLg k6s uO;s]sf] Ps dlxnf g]t[n] atfOg\ . ef]ln dfq} Tof] hf]8L jN8{ km]8]/];g ckm 6]«8 o'lgogsf] sfo{qmddf ;xefuL x'g :jL6\h/NofG8 hfg] sfo{qmd to ePsf] tL g]t[n] atfOg\ . hd/s§]nsf] k|fyldstfdf slxNo} klg gk/]sL k'/fgL Ps dhb'/ g]t[n] elgg\– …hd/s§]nsf] tfndf xfdLn] gfRg ;s]gf}“Ú, To;}n] sxL“ klg ljb]z hfg] cj;/ kfPgf}“ .Ú


dGqLsf nflu cfh df/fdf/

sf7df8f}“ . kf6L{sf tkm{af6 dGqL aGg] af“sL JolQmx¿sf] 6'ª\uf] nufpg cfh PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ :yfoL ;ldltsf] a}7s a:b}5 . o;cl3 :yfoL ;ldlt a}7sn] g} dGqL aGgsf nflu to u/]sf k|fjwfg pN6\ofP/ cfh cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] gof“ dGqLx¿sf] gfd a}7sdf k|:tfj ug]{ a'lemPsf] 5 .

bfxfnn] k|:t't ug]{ k|:tfjsf] ;'O“sf] kfO;s]sfn] pkfWoIfåo df]xg j}B / 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ a}7sdf 3D;f3D;L g} ug]{ tof/Ldf /x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . ut kmfu'g !* ut] a;]sf] :yfoL ;ldlt a}7sn] ;ef;b\eGbf aflx/sf JolQmnfO{ dGqL gagfpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . t/, cfkm\gf :jsLo ;lrj zlQmaxfb'/ a:g]t / csf{ kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o xl/af]n uh'/]nnfO{ s'g} klg xfntdf dGqL agfpg'kg]{ bafadf k/]kl5 cWoIf bfxfnn] ljutsf] lg0f{oljk/Ltsf] k|:tfj n}hfg] a'lemPsf] 5 . 5 bh{geGbf a9L dGqLsf cfsfª\IfLx¿sf] nsf]{n] dGqLsf] gfd 6'ª\Uofpg sl7g ePkl5 To;nfO{ ;xh Joj:yfkg ug{ dfcf]jfbLn] ;ef;b\leqaf6 dfq} dGqL agfpg] k|fjwfg agfPsf] lyof] . t/, :jsLo ;lrj a:g]t / kfn'ª\6f/ e]nfdf e§/fO{nfO{ k|lzIf0f ug{;Dd cj/f]w k'¥ofP/ u'g nufPsf sf]lrnf /fHo ;ldltsf OGrfh{ uh'/]nnfO{ dGqL agfpg'kg]{ 3]/faGbLsf sf/0f clxn] bfxfnn] gof“ ;"rL tof/ kfl/;s]sf] atfOG5 . cfh a:g] a}7sdf bfxfnn] a:g]t / uh'/]nafx]s hok'/L 3tL{, k|e' zfx, lul//fhdl0f kf]v/]nnufotsf] gfd dGqLsf nflu k|:tfljt ug]{ ;|f]tn] atfof] . e§/fO{ / j}BnfO{ y'Dy'Dofpgsf nflu e§/fO{ ;d"xaf6 zfx / j}Baf6 3tL{nfO{ Nofpg] rnfvL bfxfnn] ckgfPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . To:t}, csf{ pkfWoIf gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7sf] l;kmfl/;df kf]v/]nnfO{ klg cl3 ;fl/Psf] atfOG5 .

t/, j}B / e§/fO{ kIfn] o:tf] k|:tfj cfPdf 7f8} c:jLsf/ ug]{ tof/L ul//x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . o;cl3 :yfoL ;ldlt a}7sn] u/]sf] lg0f{osf] cIf/zM kfngf u/fpg] u/L a}7sdf oL b'O{ g]tf k|:t't x'g] tof/Ldf /x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . a}7sdf u[x dGqfnosf ljifodf klg 7"nf] nkm8f x'g] dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tn] atfof] . u[x cfkm\gf] kf6L{n] kfpg'kg]{ / b]j u'?ªnfO{ g} lhDd]jf/L lbg'kg]{ c8fgdf j}B ;d"x 6;d; gePsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . u[x 5f8\g] jf u'?ªnfO{ glbg] s'g} klg k|:tfj cfPdf j}B ;d"xn] 7"n} nkm8f lgDTofpg] ;Defjgf /x]sf] atfOG5 . ptf, cWoIf bfxfn eg] u[x kfP klg u'?ªnfO{ glbg] kIfdf TolQs} cl8u /x]sf] atfOG5 . o;sf] ;ª\s]t klxnf] r/0fsf] dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ cl3 g} bfxfnn] lbO;s]sf 5g\ / klxnf] r/0fdf kf“r dGqLnfO{ zky v'jfpg'cl3 bfxfn lgjf;df ePsf] Pp6f uf]Ko a}7sdf bfxfn / u'?ªaLr …t“ t“ / d dÚ ePsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . a}7sdf bfxfnn] u[x kfP jif{dfgnfO{ g} lbg'kg]{ s'/f /fv]sf lyP . bfxfnsf s'/f ;'Gg]l  alQs} u'?ª hª\luPsf lyP . …ltdL / d}n] ;“u} kf6L{ ;b:otf lnPsf xf}“, k'g x'“bf d x'g g;Sg] eGg] ltdL sf] xf} <Ú eGb} u'?ªn] bfxfnnfO{ k|Zg u/]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/dn] klg ;/sf/df ;xeflutf hgfpg] lglZrt eO;s]sf] / kf6L{sf s]xL g]tf t'?Gt b]zaflx/ lg:sg] ePsfn] klg cfh} dGqLsf] 6'ª\uf] nufpg] tof/L dfcf]jfbLn] u/]sf] xf] . t/, cfh dGqL 6'ª\uf] nufpg] ljifodf 7"nf] r'gf}tL /x]sf] atfOG5 . a}7sn] 6'ª\Uofpg g;s] cfkm}“n] Psnf}l6 lg0f{o u/]/ eP klg cWoIo bfxfn ca oxL l:ylt gnDAofpg] kIfdf /x]sf] atfOG5 .

cfhsf] a}7sdf ut xKtf u7g ul/Psf] ;'/Iff b:tfnfO{ k"0f{tf lbg] ljifodf klg 5nkmn x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o g]qljqmd rGb …ljNnjÚsf] ;+of]hsTjdf ul7t hg:jod\;]js kl/rfng Ao'/f]ÚnfO{ ;DejtM cfh} k"0f{tf lbOg]5 . o;cl3 !) hgf ;b:o /fv]/ 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] Ao'/f]nfO{ #% ;b:oLo agfpg] tof/L eO/x]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . of] Ao'/f] cfkm\gf] /fhgLlts nfOg cg';f/ u7g ePsf] eGb} j}B ;d"xn] cfkm\gflgs6 ax'dt ;b:o /fVg'kg]{ c8fg lng] a'lemPsf] 5 . tLg} wf/sf JolQm Ao'/f]df Joj:yfkg ug]{ ljifodf klg a}7sdf 7"n} dte]b l;h{gf x'g;Sg] ;|f]tn] atfof] .


7Ugsf nflu pBf]u aGb

 zGt/fd la8f/L

sf7df8f}“ . k6s–k6s tfs]tf ubf{ klg a}ª\ssf] C0f glt/]kl5 k|ltli7t Jofkfl/s 3/fgf cdfTo ;d"xn] ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] …Sjfln6L cfO;lqmdÚ aGb ePsf] 5 .

sDkgL aGb ePkl5 d"No clej[l4 s/, cfos/, 6]lnkmf]g / lah'nLafktsf] z'Ns u/L @) s/f]8 ?lkof“eGbf a9L ;/sf/sf] s/ 8'a]sf] 5 . Tolt dfq xf]Og, Toxf“ sfo{/t rf/ bh{geGbf a9L dhb'/;d]t 3/ g 3f6sf ePsf 5g\ . C0f glt/]/ a}ª\ssf] sfnf];"rLdf k/]kl5 ;}“a' e}“;]kf6Ll:yt laGgL km'8\; OG8l:6«hsf] hfoh]yf lnnfd a9fa9dfkm{t laqmL ug{ dª\unaf/ Ps !% lbg] ;"rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf] lyof] . ;"rgf k|sflzt ePkl5 cdfTo ;d"xsf ljgf]bs'df/ cdfTo ufoa ePsf 5g\ . n'lDagL a}ª\sn] e}“;]kf6Ll:yt lsQf gDa/ #&) sf] & cfgf ! k};f If]qkmnsf] hUuf, ;f]df ag]sf] 3/ / 3/df hl8t cfO;lqmd d]l;gx¿;d]t laqmL ug]{ !% lbgsf] Dofb lbO{ af]nkq k]; ug{ ;"lrt u/]sf] 5 . x'g t rfn" xfntdf /x]sf] sDkgL / a}ª\s b'j}nfO{ 8'afpg] lgotn] cdfTo ;d"xn] C0f glt/]kl5 a}ª\sn] df3d} sDkgL l;naGbL u/]sf] lyof] . /fd|f] 9ª\un] gfkmfdf rln/x]sf] sDkgLnfO{ aGb u/fpg] / a}ª\ssf] C0f gltg]{ cdfTo ;d"xsf] lgotsf] leqL sf/0f eg] cs}{ /x]sf] v'nf;f ePsf] 5 .

cdfTo ;d"xn] jiff}{+b]lv ;jf/L rfnssf] e"ldsfdf sfd ul//x]sf ;f]emf 8«fOe/ k]|daxfb'/ dxh{gnfO{ anLsf] af]sf] agfPsf] yfxf ePsf] 5 . sfuhL ¿kdf dxh{gnfO{ ;~rfns agfO{ pgs} gfddf C0f lgsfn]kl5 h]n uP klg dxh{g g} hfg] eP . ToxL sLt]{ lgotsf ;fy cfkm" rf]lvgsf nflu laGgL km'8\; OG8l:6«hsf] %% nfvsf] ;fx' ePsf] sfuh dxh{gsf gfddf tof/ kf/]sf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . hfgsf/x¿sf cg';f/, cdfTo ;d"xn] klxNo}b]lv a}ª\saf6 sfuhL k|lqmof ldnfP/ s/f]8f}“ C0f ln“b} sDkgL vf]Ng] / To;sf] gfkmf cGo sDkgLdf nufgL u/L sDkgL 6f6 kfg]{ sfd ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .

rlr{t …Sjfln6LÚ cfO;lqmdsf] …a|fG8 g]dÚ ;d]t @)^( k'; * ut];Ddsf nflu gjLs/0f eO;s]sf] lyof] . b}lgs nfvf}“ sdfO x'g] sDkgLsf] cl:tTj g} d]l6g] u/L ;a}lt/ u/L #) s/f]8 aSof}tf ePsf] atfOG5 . pQm aSof}tf /fVg'df klg ;'?b]lv g} sDkgL 8'afP/ dhb'/nfO{ larNnLdf kfg]{ lgot /x]sf] clvn g]kfn cf}Bf]lus dhb'/ ;ª\3 PsfO sld6Lsf cWoIf s]z/dfg anfdL atfp“5g\ . …pBf]ukltx¿n] u/]sf] dflkmoflu/L / /fh:j 7uLdf ;d]t dhb'/sf] c3]{NofO“ b]vfpg] ul/G5 . t/, pBf]u aGb ug{ pgLx¿ g} nflnot x'G5g\Ú– pgn] eg]– …of] ;a} ;DalGwt lgsfosf clwsf/Lx¿sf] ldn]dtf]lagf ;Dej ePsf] xf]Og .Ú

)$^ ;fndf cf}krfl/s pb\3f6g ul/Psf] ;f] sDkgL ;'?df Pe/]:6 cfO;lqmd OG8l:6«hsf gfddf vf]lnPsf] lyof] . )$& af6 lgoldt ¿kdf rn]sf] sDkgL ltgs'g]af6 emlD;v]n x'“b} e}“;]kf6L ;/]sf] xf] . ;'?df cdfTo cfkm}“ n'lDagL a}ª\ssf] ;]o/ xf]N8/ lyP . cfkm}“ zlQmdf x'“bf lnOPsf] C0f glt/]kl5 )^$ ;fnd} #% lbg] efsf /fv]/ ;"rgf lgsfn]sf] lyof] .

dhb'/sf] /f]hL/f]6Ldf nfQL xflgg] eon] k6s–k6s Joj:yfkgnfO{ bafa lbg yfn]kl5 &( nfv ?lkof“ a}ª\snfO{ ltl/Psf] lyof] . Aofh / ;fjf“ a9\b} uP/ clxn] 5 s/f]8 / cGo u/L #) s/f]8 aSof}tf ltg{ rfx]sf] v08df #) s/f]8 ;lhn} ltg{ ;Sg] ;fx'x¿n] sDkgL aGb u/fP/ sfnf];"rLdf bh{ x'g rfxg'n] pgLx¿sf] abdf;L 5n{ª\u ePsf] 5 . ;fgldu]n lao/, km'naf/L xf]6n, la0ff r]Da/ / ldT;'lj;L sDkgLnufot gfd rn]sf sDkgLsf] dflns cdfTo ;d"xn] u/]sf] st'{taf/] ;DalGwt kIfsf] egfO a'em\g laGgL km'8sf Joj:yfks 8LkL pk]|tL;“u k6s–k6s 6]lnkmf]g ubf{ pgn] kmf]g p7fPgg\ .


dx/fnfO{ ;?jfsf] k|:tfj

sf7df8f}“ . zflGt k|lqmofdf cfPkl5 nuftf/ ;/sf/df hfg] cj;/ kfO/xg] Ps dfq efUodfgL dfcf]jfbL g]tf s[i0faxfb'/ dx/f ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfnoaf6 ;?jf x'g] ;Defjgf b]lvPsf] 5 . pwf/f] u[xdGqLsf nflu df]xg j}B kIfw/ b]j u'?ªnfO{ /f]Sg k'iksdn bfxfnn] ;f] k|:tfj cl3 ;f/]sf 5g\ .

o;cl3 bfxfnn] u[x dGqfno kfPdf cfkm\gf lgs6:y jif{dfg k'gnfO{ lhDd]jf/L lbg] k|:tfj u/]sf lyP . t/, j}Bn] eg] …jl/i7 g]tf x'“bfx'“b} lsg slgi6nfO{ lbg] <Ú eGb} u'?ªsf] gfd cl3 ;f/]kl5 ljjfb nlDaPsf] lyof] . hgljb|f]xsf s§/ kIfkftL u'?ª dfcf]jfbLleq j}Bh:t} ;ª\sL0f{ …xf8{nfOg/Ú dflgG5g\ . pgnfO{ /f]Sgsf nflu bfxfnn] dx/fsf] gfd cl3 ;f/]sf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 .

ptf, dx/fn] ;~rf/ dGqfnodf o;sf] 5gs lbO;s]sf 5g\ . xfn} sd{rf/LnfO{ lgb]{zg lb“bf pgn] …d ;w}“el/ oxf“ a:g] xf]Og, c:yfoL dfq xf]Ú eGb} cfkm\gf] ;?jf x'g] ;ª\s]t lbPsf lyP . pgn] dGqL lgo'Qm ePsf] b'O{ ;ftfeGbf a9L ;do;Dd klg cfkm\gf] dGqfnodftxt /fhgLlts lgo'lQm;d]t u/]sf 5}gg\ . o;nfO{ klg pgL dGqfno ga:g] dgl:ylt;“u hf]8]/ x]g]{ ul/Psf] 5 .

ljrf/sf lx;fan] j}B;“u glhs /x“b} cfPsf dx/f kl5Nnf] ;dodf cfly{s ;DaGw hf]l8Psf sf/0f bfxfn;“u glhs x'g k'u]sf lyP . ToxL eP/ pgL;“u j}B kIf qm'4 x'“b} cfPsf] 5 . u'?ªsf] ljsNkdf dx/fsf] gfd cfPdf s'g} xfntdf klg gdfGg] tof/Ldf j}B kIf /x]sf] 5 . csf{ pkfWoIf afa'/fd e§/fO{ eg] dGqL 5fGg] ljifodf pkfWoIf j}B;“u glhs /x“b} cfPsf 5g\ . bfxfnn] eGbf j}Bn] ug]{ k|:tfjdf pgn] ;fy lb“b} cfPsf 5g\ . 
ptf, Pdfn]leq} klg clGtd 38Ldf ;~rf/ dGqfno dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lbPsf] eGb} jftf{df ;xefuL g]tfsf] o'jf g]tfx¿n] cfnf]rgf ul//x]sf 5g\ . Ps g]tfn] eg]– …;'?df ;~rf/ dGqfno dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lbg] s'/} lyPg . pgLx¿n] dfu]sf klg lyPgg\ . t/, xfd|ftkm{af6 jftf{df hfg] ;fyLx¿n] g} ;~rf/ dGqfno n}hfg k|:tfj ug'{eP5 .Ú Pdfn]sf] jftf{ 6f]nLn] geO{ eLd cfrfo{, ;'/]Gb| kf08]nufotsf g]tfx¿n] dGqfnosf ljifodf s'/f u/]kl5 dfcf]jfbL ;/sf/df cfPsf] lyof] . otf, Pdfn]n] eg] ;+:yfut ¿kdf ;'/Iff;“u ;DalGwt dGqfno dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lbg g;lsg] lg0f{o ul/;s]sf] 5 .


hoGt gcfpg] †

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfnsf nflu gof“ ef/tLo /fhb"tdf hoGtk|;fb cfpg] ;Defjgf sd ePsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, gof“ cfpg] /fhb"tsf af/]df s]xL lbgkl5 dfq ef/tn] lg0f{o lng]5 .

o;cl3 /fhb"t /fs]z ;'bsf] 7fp“df hoGtk|;fb cfpg] ;dfrf/ ;~rf/dfWoddf cfPsf] lyof] . t/, Ps jif{eGbf sd ;]jfcjlw af“sL /x]sf hoGtnfO{ sf7df8f}“ gk7fpg] lgisif{df ef/tLo ljb]z dGqfno k'u]sf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . p;f] t o;cl3 g]kfnsf] /fhb"t /lx;s]sf cfkm\gf lktf k|fWofks ljdnk|;fbsf] ;Nnfxcg';f/ :jod\ hoGt klg clgR5's /x]sf] atfOG5 . xfn} lbNnL k'u]/ kmls{Psf] Ps ljZj:t ;|f]tsf cg';f/, ljdnn] …Ps jif{ a'em\g} nfU5, Tolt 5f]6f] cjlwdf h; af]s]/ kmls{g ;ls“b}gÚ eg]/ 5f]/f hoGtnfO{ ;DemfPsf sf/0f pgn] clgR5f JoQm u/]sf x'g\ .

clk|nsf] cGTodf /fhb"t ;'bsf] kbfjlw ;ls“b}5 . t/, s;nfO{ /fhb"t k7fpg] eGg]af/]df ef/tLo ljb]z dGqfnon] s'g} ;ª\s]t lbPsf] 5}g . k//fi6« dGqfnosf Ps clwsf/Lsf cg';f/, k|lqmofut ¿kdf x]bf{ klg cem} sDtLdf b'O{ dlxgf g]kfndf gof“ ef/tLo /fhb"t cfpg ;Dej 5}g .

/fhb"t ;'bsf] s"6gLltseGbf cfqmfds Jojxf/sf sf/0f g]kfndf ef/tsf] yk cfnf]rgf eO/x]sf a]nf pgsf] kbfjlw ;lsg nfu]sf] xf] . clxn] ef/tn] g]kfnnfO{ x]g]{ gof“ b[li6sf]0f tof/ ub}{ u/]sf] ;dfrf/x¿ k|sfzdf cfO/x]sf a]nf To;n] cfsf/ u|x0f gu?~h]n gof“ /fhb"t cfpg] ;Defjgf sd /x]sf] k//fi6«sf tL clwsf/Ln] atfP . ptf, ef/tLo ljb]zdGqL P;Pd s[i0ffsf] g]kfn e|d0fnfO{ lnP/ ef/tn] tof/L tLj| u/] klg g]kfntkm{ eg] s'g} tof/L ;'? gePsf] tL clwsf/Ln] atfP .


afa'/fd klg l;ª\ufk'/tkm{

sf7df8f}“ . dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn kms]{sf] Ps ;ftf glaTb} jl/i7 g]tf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ klg l;ª\ufk'/ hfg nfu]sf 5g\ . pgL laxLaf/ lbp“;f] l;Ns Pc/sf] p8fgaf6 To;tkm{ hfg nfu]sf] ;|f]tn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 .

e§/fO{sf] of] e|d0f eg] bfxfnsf] h:tf] uf]Ko / zª\sf:kb gePsf] atfp“b} ;|f]tn] pgL Pp6f ljZjljBfnosf] sfo{qmddf efu lng hfg nfu]sf] bfaL u/]sf] 5 . …pxf“sf] k"j{lgwf{l/t sfo{qmd xf] . cWoIf hfg] xfdLnfO{ yfxf klg lyPg . of] ;+of]u dfq xf]Ú– e§/fO{lgs6 ;|f]tn] eGof] .

ut jif{ lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf la/fdL ePsf] df}sf kf/L s[i0faxfb'/ dx/f;“u} l;ª\ufk'/ k'u]/ bfxfnn] u/]sf] uf]Ko jftf{nfk cem} /x:od} 5 .

Pp6}sf] lgdGq0ff

h'ga]nf ef/tn] tLg dw];L kf6L{sf g]tfx¿nfO{ v'n]cfd gof“ lbNnLdf cfdGq0f u¥of], 7Ls ToxL a]nf ToxL zlQmn] g} bfxfnnfO{ l;ª\ufk'/df af]nfPsf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . o;cl3 klg ef/tLo u'Ktr/ ;+:yf …/Ú ;“u k6s–k6s ;Dks{df /x“b} cfPsf bfxfnn] Toxf“ klg To;}sf clwsf/L;“u e]63f6 u/]sf] atfOG5 . ;f] /x:odo e|d0fsf af/]df pgn] clxn];Dd kf6L{sf jl/i7 g]tfx¿nfO{ klg hfgsf/L u/fPsf 5}gg\ .

Psflt/ lrlgof“ u'Ktr/ lgsfox¿;“u lgoldt ;Dks{ ul//x]sf bfxfn csf{tkm{ ef/tLon] gkTofPsf sf/0f dfq} cfkm" k|wfgdGqL x'gaf6 jl~rt ePsf] u'gf;f] ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . ef/tLox¿nfO{ dgfpgsf nflu pgL o;} dlxgfleq lbNnL bf}8fxfdf hfg nfu]sf 5g\ .


lnlaofdflysf] cfqmd0fsf] lj/f]w

sf7df8f}“ . ;/sf/n] clxn];Dd k|ltlqmof ghgfP klg ;Qf?9 g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] eg] lnlaofdfly ePsf] xjfO{ cfqmd0fsf] lj/f]w u/]sf] 5 . dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] a'waf/;“u s'/f ub}{ …To;nfO{ :jLsf/ ug{ g;lsg]Ú atfpg'eof] .

dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] eGg'eof]– …tfgfzfxL Joj:yfsf lj?4 n8\g] / ljho xfl;n ug]{ s'g} klg d'n'ssf hgtfsf] g};lu{s clwsf/ xf] . To;nfO{ ;a}n] k"0f{¿kdf ;Ddfg ug'{kb{5 . t/, To;sf gfddf ;fj{ef}d d'n'sdfly x:tIf]k ug]{ / To;sf] cl:dtfdfly cfqmd0f ug]{ ljlw unt xf], To;nfO{ ;dy{g ug{ ;ls“b}g .Ú tfgfzfxL zf;g Joj:yfnfO{ bafa lbg] c¿ klg ljlw x'g;Sg] cf}“Nofp“b} dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] eGg'eof]– …cGt/f{li6«o ;d'bfon] tL ljlwx¿df Wofg lbg'kb{5 .Ú 

g]skf -d;fn_ sf dxfdGqL df]xgljqmd l;+xn] dª\unaf/ lj1lKt k|sflzt ub}{ …lnlaofdfly cfqmd0fsf nflu dfu{k|z:t u/]/ ;+o'Qm /fi6«;ª\3n] k'gM Tof] cd]l/sL ;fd|fHojfbsf] s7k'tnL ;+:yf g} ePsf] s'/f k|:6 u/]sf]Ú cf/f]k nufpg'ePsf] 5 .

g]kfnsf] l5d]sL rLg / ef/tn] u/]sf] lj/f]w klg ;zQm gePsf] pNn]v ub}{ dxfdGqL l;+xn] eGg'ePsf] 5– …rLg, ?;, ef/t, hd{gL, a|flhn cflb b]zx¿n] ;+o'Qm /fi6«;ª\3sf] Tof] lg0f{o jf lnlaofdflysf] cfqmd0fnfO{ k|ToIf ¿kn] ;dy{g gu/] klg pgLx¿sf] lj/f]w lgl:qmo k|sf/sf] /x\of] / To;af6 Jojxf/df pgLx¿n] ck|ToIf ¿kdf Tof] cfqmd0fnfO{ ;dy{g u/]sf] b]lvG5 .Ú

$! jif{b]lv lnlaofdf clgjf{lrt ¿kdf zf;g rnfp“b} cfPsf s0f]{n df}d/ u2fkmLn] cfGbf]ngsf/Ldfly xjfO{ cfqmd0f yfn]kl5 /fi6«;ª\3n] lnlaofsf] cfsfznfO{ p8fg lgif]lwt If]q 3f]if0ff u/]sf] lyof] . To;nuQ} k|mfG;sf] cu|;/tfdf a]nfotL / cd]l/sL ;}lgsn] /fhwfgL lqkf]nLnufotsf ;/sf/L cv8fx¿df cfqmd0f ul//x]sf 5g\ . pgLx¿n] O/fsdf ;2fd x';]g h:t} zf;s u2fkmL lgzfgf gePsf] hgfp“b} ;/sf/L ;]gfsf SofDk, xltof/ / 6\ofª\sx¿nfO{ lgzfgf agfPsf] atfPsf 5g\ . Ps dlxgf nfdf] cfGbf]ngsf qmddf tLg xhf/eGbf a9Ln] Hofg u'dfO;s]sf] / nfvf}“n] b]z 5f]8]sf] va/ ;fj{hlgs eP klg u2fkmLn] pgLx¿dfly bdg ug{ 5f]8]sf 5}gg\ . lnlaofdflysf] cfqmd0fsf] c/a lnun] ;d]t ;dy{g u/]kl5 cGt/f{li6«o If]qdf ;f] cfqmd0fsf] s8f lj/f]w ug]{ O/fg, ?;, e]g]h'onfh:tf s]xL d'n'sx¿ dfq b]lvPsf 5g\ . cGt/f{li6«o cfqmd0fdf kg]{ lnlaof kl5Nnf] d'n's ePsf] 5 . o;cl3 ckmuflg:tfg / O/fsdf klg o:t} cfqmd0f ePsf lyP .


sd/]8x¿nfO{ cfjf;Lo k|lzIf0f

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Ln] dftxtsf sfo{stf{nfO{ b'O{lbg] cfjf;Lo k|lzIf0f lbg] ePsf] 5 . r}t !! / !@ ut] eQmk'/sf] vl/kf6Ll:yt ljB't\ k|flws/0fsf] ;efxndf x'g] sfo{qmdsf] k|wfgdGqL Pjd\ cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] pb\3f6g ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 .

@ ;o %( hgf k|lzIffyL{n] efu lng] sfo{qmddf ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Lsf ;a} ;b:o, k|To]s c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Laf6 tLghgfsf b/n] $@ hgf, k|To]s lhNnf ;Dks{af6 cWoIf;lxt b'O{hgf ;xefuL /xg] atfOPsf] 5 . k|lzIffyL{x¿nfO{ ljleGg ljifodf 5 hgfn] k|lzIf0f lbg] a'lemPsf] 5 . sld6Lsf cWoIf ci6nIdL zfSon] …cf7f}“ dxflwj]zgsf] km};nf / ;Dks{ d~r kl/rfngÚ, kf6L{ :s'n ljefu k|d'v a]b'/fd e';fnn] …dfS;{jfbL bz{gÚ, kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o ;'/]Gb| kf08]n] …cfocfh{gdf sfo{stf{sf] ;+nUgtfÚ, kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o k[YjL;'Aaf u'?ªn] …hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfbÚ, csf{ kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o dx]Gb| kf08]n] …sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] Oltxf;Ú / ;dfh;]jL l5ªNxfd" z]kf{n] …;sf/fTds ;f]rÚ zLif{sdf k|lzIf0f lbg] cfof]hs sld6Lsf :s'n ljefu k|d'v efg'eQm 9sfnn] atfpg'eof] .

Pp6f ;d"xdf sl/a %) hgfsf b/n] rf/ ;d"xdf ljeflht u/]/ ;xefuLnfO{ ljBfno lzIffs} tl/sfn] k|lzIf0f lbg] tof/L ul/Psf] 5 . 9sfnn] eGg'eof]– …xfdL ljBfnosf] 3G6Lh:t} Pp6f sIffnfO{ b'O{ 3G6f ;do lbP/ k|lzIf0f rnfp“5f}“ .Ú 5hgfsf] ;d"xut k|lzIf0f;“u} cy{dGqL e/tdf]xg clwsf/Ln] ;fd"lxs ¿kdf …hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfb / cy{gLltÚ sf af/]df k|lzIf0f lbg] klg pxf“n] atfpg'eof] .

bf];|f] lbgsf] k|lzIf0f ;'? x'g'cl3 pkl:yt k|lzIffyL{nfO{ laxfg ;f9] kf“rb]lv ;ft ah];Dd df]bgfy k|l>tn] v'nf rf}/df …cfxf/, ljxf/ / of]uffsf]Ú sIff ;~rfng ug]{ sfo{qmd /flvPsf] 5 . To:t}, ;xefuLx¿nfO{ a]n'sL :j:y dgf]/~hgsf nflu lk:s/ 36gfaf/] j[Qlrq k|bz{g ul/g] ePsf] 5 . sfo{qmd cjlwe/ k|lzIffyL{nfO{ sfo{qmd :ynaflx/ hfg / df]afOn v'nf /fVg lbOg] 5}g . sfo{qmdsf] ;dfkg dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] ug'{x'g]5 .


zdf{ k'/:s[t

sf7df8f}“ . k]|; sfplG;n g]kfnn] #%cf}“ jflif{s k|ltj]bg ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnn] a'waf/ ePsf] ljz]if sfo{qmddf k|ltj]bg ;fj{hlgs ug'{ePsf] xf] .

k|ltj]bg ;fj{hlgs ub}{ k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] k|ltj]bgn] cf}“NofPsf ljifox¿nfO{ ;/sf/n] sfof{Gjog ug]{ k|:6 kfg'{eof] . ;f]xL ;df/f]xdf k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] k]|; sfplG;nn] :yfkgf u/]sf ljleGg k'/:sf/;d]t ljt/0f ug'{ePsf] lyof] . k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] ut jif{sf] k]|; sfplG;n uf]kfnbf; kqsfl/tf k'/:sf/ kfNkfsf kqsf/ d]3/fh zdf{nfO{ k|bfg ug'{ePsf] 5 . pxf“ $! jif{b]lv kqsfl/tfdf cfa4 x'g'x'G5 . o;}u/L k]|; sfplG;n cfrf/;+lxtf k'/:sf/ sflGtk'/ 6]lnlehg, ;flxlTos k'/:sf/ sf}lzsL å}dfl;s, :tDe n]vg ljdn lgef, dlxnf ;zQmLs/0f uª\uf a/fn / efiffut k'/:sf/ yf¿ efiffsf] b}lgs klqsf …kx'/fÚnfO{ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . sfo{qmddf pkk|wfgdGqL Pjd\ ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/dGqL s[i0faxfb'/ dx/f klg pkl:yt x'g'x'GYof] .

sfo{qmddf ;Daf]wg ub}{ ;~rf/dGqL dx/fn] ljBdfg P]g, sfg'g kl/dfh{g u/]/} eP klg ;du| ;~rf/ If]qsf] ljsf;sf nflu sfd ug]{ k|lt1f ug'{eof] . sfo{qmddf k]|; sfplG;ndf @) jif{;Dd sfo{/t sd{rf/L xs{axfb'/ >]i7 / pTs[i6 sd{rf/L uf]s'n a:g]tnfO{ ;d]t ;Ddfg ul/Psf] lyof] . ;df/f]xdf sfplG;nsf cWoIf gf/fo0f zdf{, k"j{cWoIf xl/x/ lj/xL, k'/:s[t JolQmTj d]3/fh zdf{nufotn] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] eg] sfplG;nsf ;b:o lszf]/ >]i7n] :jfut dGtJo /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . :jfut dGtJos} qmddf >]i7n] ;dfg'kflts lj1fkg k|0ffnL / cfrf/;+lxtf sfof{Gjogsf ;Gbe{df ;/sf/ k|lta4 /xg'kg]{ atfpg'eof] .


dxf;]7åf/f %) xhf/ k|bfg

sf7df8f}+ . g]skf -Pdfn]_sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pjd\ ;ef;b\ /3'jL/ dxf;]7n] wg'iff–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rnfO{ %) xhf/ ?lkof“ gub k|bfg ug'{ePsf] 5 . cfkm\gf] u[xlhNnfsf] ;Dks{ d~rnfO{ cfly{s ¿kdf ;an agfpg pxf“n] pQm ;xof]u ug'{ePsf] xf] .

;Dks{ d~rsf] cfof]hgfdf ut z'qmaf/ cfof]lht xf]nL ldng tyf z'esfdgf cfbfg–k|bfg sfo{qmddf dxf;]7n] ;f] cfly{s ;xof]usf] 3f]if0ff ug'{eof] . sfo{qmddf ;ef;b\ h'nLs'df/L dxf;]7, hgsk'/ c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf lbjfs//fh e§/fO{, d~rsf ;Nnfxsf/ lzjrGb| d08n, c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf sf]iffWoIf /fdafa' ofbj, k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v rGb|b]j kf;jfgnufotn] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . d~rsf lhNnf cWoIf lgdf{0f kf]v/]nsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;lrj tf/f sfkm\n] / :jfut dGtJo sf]iffWoIf ;'lgtf l;+xn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


;]qm]6/L aGg !) nfvsf] y}nL

cf]vn9'ª\uf . PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_sf Pshgf ;fdfGo /fhgLlts x}l;otsf JolQmn] lhNnf ;]qm]6/L aGgsf nflu !) nfv ?lkof“ vr{ u/]sf 5g\ .

cf]vn9'ª\uf lhNnf ;]qm]6/L aGgsf nflu /fds'df/ sfsL{ gfdsf tL JolQmn] pQm /sd kf6L{s} Ps kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:onfO{ Psd'i6 a'emfPsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn …k|r08Úsf lgs6:y sfsL{nfO{ ut c;f]hdf lhNnf ;]qm]6/L agfOPsf] xf] . pgnfO{ ;]qm]6/L agfp“bf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o Pjd\ k"j{dGqL uf]kfn ls/f“tLn] !) nfv ?lkof“ a'em]sf] dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 .

;|f]tsf cg';f/, sfsL{ cfkm}“ klg dfcf]jfbLleqsf ljjfbf:kb JolQmleq ulgG5g\ . afa'n] ;f}t]gL cfdf NofPkl5 6'x'/f] ag]/ sf7df8f}“+ l5/]sf sfsL{sf] lbgrof{ nfdf] ;do;Dd ;s8afns h:t} lyof] . t/, dfcf]jfbLdf l5/]kl5 kf“r jif{s} aLrdf pgL s/f]8f}“ ;DklQsf dflns ag]sf 5g\ . sfsL{n] ;ftbf]af6f] If]qdf s/f]8f}“ d"Nodf hUuf vl/b u/]sf 5g\ . dfcf]jfbLsf] …ef]hk'/Ú a'n]l6gsf] Joj:yfks x'“bf klg nfvf}“ ?lkof“ lxgfldgf u/]sf] cf/f]k nfu]sf sfsL{ dhb'/ g]tf zflns/fd hd/s§]nsf ljZjf;kfq ePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . hd/s§]ns} s[kfn] o;cl3 pgL cf}Bf]lus dhb'/ ;ª\3sf] dxf;lrj;d]t ePsf lyP . zflGt k|lqmofdf cfpg'cl3 vfg]kfgL ;+:yfgsf dxfk|aGws x/]/fd sf]O/fnfnfO{ afª\u]d'9fdf log} sfsL{n] km“;fPsf] atfOG5 .

e"uf]nsf] sfd;“u s'g} cg'ej / ;DaGw g} gePsf JolQmnfO{ k};fs} e/df 6kSs l6k]/ ;]qm]6/L agfPkl5 cf]vn9'ª\ufsf dfcf]jfbLx¿ ;+:yfkg kIf;“u c;Gt'i6 ag]sf 5g\ .


hfkfgdf kqsf/ ;ª\ul7t

6f]lsof] . hfkfgsf] /fhwfgL 6f]lsof]df ;DkGg g]kfnL kqsf/x¿sf] e]nfn] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3, hfkfg zfvf u7g u/]sf] 5 . e]nfn] kqsf/x¿sf] 5ftf ;ª\u7g g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3;“usf] cfa4tf :yflkt ub}{ hfkfgdf lqmofzLn g]kfnL kqsf/x¿aLr kf/:kl/s ;xof]u, ;Dks{ / ;DaGwdf ljsf; / lj:tf/ ug]{ / g]kfnL kqsf/x¿sf] xs, lxt / clwsf/sf] /Iff ub}{ cufl8 a9\g] p2]Zon] hfkfg zfvf sld6L u7g u/]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 .

;j{;Ddltaf6 ;d'b|kfl/ 86 sd / hfkfgaf6 nfdf] ;dob]lv k|sflzt x'“b} cfPsf] Ps dfq g]kfnL …;dfrf/ ;fKtflxsÚ sf] ldl8of ;+:yf hLPd6L ldl8ofsf cWoIf ltns dNnsf] cWoIftfdf sld6L u7g ePsf] xf], h;sf] pkfWoIfdf s[i0f e08f/L, ;lrjdf xl/k|;fb kf]v/]n, ;x;lrjdf sdn clwsf/L  / sf]iffWoIfdf o'j/fh clwsf/L rog x'g'ePsf] 5 . o;}u/L ;b:ox¿df lxdfn e§/fO{, s]z/hª\u s];L, ljgf]bs'df/ ;fksf]6f, sljls/0f Gof}kfg, cg'k/fh s“8]n  / s'df/ u'?ª  /xg'ePsf] 5 .  sld6Lsf ;Nnfxsf/x¿df e"if0f l3ld/], a]n' yfkf / z/bs'df/ z]/rgnfO{ 5flgPsf] 5 . ;ldltdf b'O{ ;b:o kl5 yKg] atfOPsf] 5 .

g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf k"j{s]lGb|o ;b:o e"if0f l3ld/]sf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg e]nfsf] ;~rfng a]n' yfkfn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . e]nfn] xfn} hfkfgdf cfPsf] dxfe"sDk / o;af6 pTkGg ;'gfdLsf sf/0f larNnLdf k/]sf g]kfnLx¿sf] påf/sf nflu ljleGg 9ª\un] eO/x]sf k|of;k|lt P]Soa4tf hgfp“b}+ x/;Dej ;xof]uL e"ldsf lgjf{x ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . 


/f;;df rf}tf/L

sf7df8f}“ . /fli6«o ;dfrf/ ;ldlt -/f;;_ df sfo{/t k|]; rf}tf/L g]kfndf cfa4 ;~rf/sdL{x¿sf] k|yd e]nfn] k|sfz l;njfnsf] cWoIftfdf !! ;b:oLo tby{ ;ldlt u7g u/]sf] 5 .

e]nfn] ;ldltsf] pkfWoIfdf ltnsk|;fb e';fn, ;lrjdf sflnsf v8\sf, ;x;lrjdf clenfiff kf]v/]n / sf]iffWoIfdf d'gf e08f/LnfO{ ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf rog u/]sf] 5 . o;}u/L, ;b:ox¿df ljg' kf]v/]n, sdnf kf}8]n, ;'nf]rgf cof{n, /d]zk|;fb ltdlN;gf / bLkf /]UdL /xg'ePsf] 5 . tby{ ;ldltn] Pshgf ;b:o kl5 dgf]gLt ug{] hgfOPsf] 5 . ;ldltsf] ;Nnfxsf/df Zofd l/dfn / pQd l;njfn rog x'g'ePsf] 5 .

e]nfsf] pb\3f6g ub{} /f;;sf cWoIf tyf k|]; rf}tf/Lsf k"j{s]Gb|Lo cWoIf afns[i0f rfkfufO{+n] ax'njfbsf] ;'Gb/ kIf eg]s} ljrf/ / cleJolQmsf] :jtGqtf ePsf] pNn]v ub{} /f;;df rf}tf/Lsf] zfvf u7g ePsf]df awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf JoQm ug'{eof] . pxf“n] /f;;nfO{ Jofj;flos / ;an agfpg]tkm{ oxf“leq /x]sf ;a} ;ª\3÷;ª\u7gsf] Wofg hfg' h?/L /x]sf] atfpg'eof] .

sfo{qmddf cWoIf rfkfufO{+n] …k|]; rf}tf/L /f;; kqsfl/tf k'/:sf/Ú :yfkgfy{ JolQmut ¿kdf gub % xhf/ % ;o % ?lkof“ k|bfg ug'{eof] .

/f;;sf sfd' dxfk|aGws /fds'df/ sf]O/fnfn] cfk;L Pstf / ldqtf a9fO{ /f;;sf] ;]jfnfO{ k|efjsf/L agfpg cfjZos /x]sf] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . gfoa dxfk|aGws jf;'b]j >]i7n] ;+:yfnfO{ cfTdlge{/ agfpg ;a} nfUg'kg{]df hf]8 lbg'eof] . k|]; rf}tf/L g]kfnsf s]Gb|Lo ;lrj nSsL rf}w/Ln] Jofj;flos / k];fut lxtsf nflu rf}tf/Ln] sfd ub{} cfPsf] / /f;;df sfo{/t ;b:ox¿n] klg ;f] nIocg';f/ cl3 a9\g'kg{] atfpg'eof] .
e]nfdf /f;;sf ;~rfns ;ldlt ;b:oåo >L/fdl;+x a:g]t / bofnaxfb'/ zfxL, k|d'v ;dfrf/bftf lgd{nf cfrfo{, g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3, sf7df8f}+“ zfvfsf cWoIf uf]ljGb rf}nfufO{+, dxf;ª\3 /f;; zfvfsf cWoIf ;"o{rGb| a:g]t, /f;; sd{rf/L ;ª\3sf cWoIf x]d/fh /]UdL, g]kfn /fli6«o sd{rf/L ;ª\u7g-/f;;_sf cWoIf k|]dk|;fb pkfWofo, k|]; rf}tf/L g]kfn sf7df8f}“ ;ldltsf cWoIf lji0f' a]Njf;]nufotn] z'esfdgf dGtJo lbg'eof] .


c3f{vf“rL clvndf e/t

sf7df8f}“ . cg]/f:jljo' c3f{vf“rLsf] aL;f}“ lhNnf ;Dd]ngn] e/t Gof}kfg]sf] cWoIftfdf ## ;b:oLo gof“ g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] 5 . zlgaf/ ;Dd]ngsf] pb\3f6g g]skf -Pdfn]_ lhNnf sld6Lsf cWoIf /fdhL l3ld/]n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

;lGwvs{df cfof]lht ;Dd]ngsf] pb\3f6g ;efnfO{ cg]/f:jljo'sf pkfWoIf nId0f nD;fn, dxf;lrj lszf]/ljqmd dNn, ;lrjfno ;b:ox¿ afa'/fd kGyL, /flwsf vltj8f, s]Gb|Lo ;b:oåo ;'dg kGyL, sdn e§/fO{, dx]Gb| lu/Lnufotn] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


o'jf ;ª\3 bfr'{nfdf s'“j/

bfr'{nf . o'jf ;+3 g]kfn, bfr'{nfsf] rf}yf] ;Dd]ng] wgaxfb'/ s'“j/sf] cWoIftfdf #% ;b:oLo lhNnf sld6L u7g u/]sf] 5 . ;+3sf s]Gb|Lo dxf;lrj lg/h cfrfo{n] ;Dd]ngsf] pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;ª\3sf cGo kbflwsf/Lx¿df pkfWoIfdf ljqmd kfn, ;lrjdf ;'/]Gb| dxhf, ;x;lrjdf ;'lgn ljs, sf]iffWoIfdf ljGb' P]/L /xg'ePsf] 5 .

sfo{qmddf ljlzi6 cltly g]skf Pdfn] bfr'{nf lhNnf sld6L cWoIf u0f]zl;+x 7u'Ggf, ;ª\3sf s]Gb|Lo ;lrj afa'/fd yfkf, ;'b'/klZrd OGrfh{ lnnfw/ e§, dxfsfnL OGrfh{ czf]s rGb, Pg]skf dfcf]jfbLsf sNof0fl;+x wfdL, g]skf Pdfn]sf lhNnf pkfWoIf pbo axfn, lhNnf lzIfs ;ª\u7gsf cWoIf xl/bQ hf]zL, sd{rf/L ;ª\u7gsf cWoIf Zofdl;+x wfdL, cg]d;ª\3sf lhNnf cWoIf b'uf{ wfdL, cg]/f:jljo' s]Gb|Lo ;b:o pd]z hf]zL, bfr'{nf ax'd'vL SofDk;sf :jljo' ;efklt /d]z/fh e§nufotn] ;Dd]ng ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf dGtAo JoQm ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

o'jf ;ª\3 g]kfn, bfr'{nf lhNnfsf] ;ª\u7g lj:tf/ / klxrfg sfo{sf nflu of]ubfg u/]sf ;ª\3sf k"j{g]tfx¿ ef]h/fh e§, 1fg]Gb| aGbL, ;~hLj cj:yL, lji0f'bQ j8' / jL/l;+x wfdLnfO{ efb\ufp“n] 6f]kL / bf];Nnf cf]9fP/ k|d'v cltly cfrfo{n] ;Ddfg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . pb\3f6g sfo{qmdsf] cWoIftf u0f]z hf]zLn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] eg] ;~rfng z]/l;+x wfdLn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

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