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;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb km]l/ ylkg]

sf7df8f}“ . b'O{ jif{leq ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug]{ hgfb]z kfPsf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb bf];|f] k6s km]l/ ylkg] ePsf] 5 . o;cl3 ut jif{ h]7 !$ ut] /flt Ps jif{sf nflu ylkPsf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb ;lsg @% lbg af“sL 5 . 5f]l6“b} uPsf] of] af“sL ;dodf zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ 6'ª\UofP/ ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{ c;Dej ePsfn] km]l/ s]xL ;do yKgsf nflu /fhgLlts bnx¿n] u[xsfo{ tLj| kf/]sf 5g\ . af“sL sl/a tLg xKtfsf] ;dodf zflGt k|lqmofsf ;Dk"0f{ sfd 6'ª\UofP/ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{ g;lsg] s'/fdf ;a} /fhgLlts bn k|:6 eO;s]sf 5g\ .

;+ljwfg lgdf{0fcl3 6'ª\lug'kg]{ zflGt k|lqmofsf sfd To;} ylGsPsf 5g\ . n8fs' ;dfof]hgsf] df]8fln6L lgwf{/0f, …l/u'lk|ªÚ / ;dfof]hg x'g] n8fs'sf] ;ª\Vof lgwf{/0fsf] sfddf clxn];Dd s'g} k|ult ePsf] 5}g . Tolt dfq xf]Og, zflGt k|lqmofs} ;Gbe{df ljutsf dfcf]jfbLn] u/]sf sAhf ;DklQ lkmtf{, lj:yflktx¿sf] aGbf]a:tLnufotsf sfd klg 6'ª\lug'kg]{ ;t{ /fhgLlts bnx¿n] /fVb} cfPsf 5g\ . oL ;a} sfd 6'ª\luPkl5 hf/L ug'{kg]{ ;+ljwfgdf klg y'k|} ljifodf cem} ;xdlt h'6\g af“sL g} 5 . of] cj:yfdf cfufdL h]7 !$ leq ;+ljwfg aGg] s'/f :jtM c;Dej ePsf] / Dofb gyKbfsf] csf]{ pko'Qm ljsNk klg gePsfn] bnx¿ ;+ljwfg;efsf] ;dof;Ldf a9fpg] u[xsfo{df h'6]sf x'g\ .

k6s–k6s Dofb ylk/xg' hgfb]zljk/Lt x'g] ePsf] / hgtfn] To;nfO{ ;xh} :jLsfg]{ cj:yf klg g/x]sfn] ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bf tof/ kf/]/ af“sL sfdsf nflu s]xL ;do yKg] ;f]rdf bnx¿ k'u]sf 5g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb yKg'cl3 clxn];Dd ;+ljwfg;efdf ldn]sf ljifonfO{ ;d]6]/ d:of}bf tof/ kfg]{ / gldn]sf ljifo yftL /fv]/ hgtf;“u ;do dfUg] u/L ;dofjlw nDAofpg] u[xsfo{ eO/x]sf] 5 . To;f] t ut jif{ Ps jif{sf] ;dofjlw yk]kl5sf] of] cjlwdf zflGt k|lqmof / ;+ljwfg n]vgdf s]xL k|ult gePsf] klg xf]Og . o; aLrdf zflGt k|lqmof;“u ;DalGwt cof]Uo n8fs' alxu{dg / n8fs'nfO{ ;]gf ;dfof]hg ljz]if ;ldltdftxt Nofpg] sfd eO;s]sf 5g\ . To:t}, ;+ljwfg;efleq /x]sf Ps ;oeGbf a9L ljjflbt ljifodWo] w]/} ljifodf ;xdlt h'l6;s]sf] 5 . ca /fHosf] k'gM;+/rgf, zf;sLo :j¿knufot sl/a 8]9 bh{g ljifodf dfq /fhgLlts ;xdlt h'6\g af“sL /x]sf] 5 .

;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb yKg] s'/fdf ;a} /fhgLlts bn leqL ¿kdf ;sf/fTds eP klg s]xL bnn] o;nfO{ afu]{lgªsf] ljifo agfpg klg 5f8]sf 5}gg\ . vf;u/L ;Qf ;fem]bf/ bnx¿ olta]nf Dofb yksf] u[xsfo{df h'6]sf 5g\ eg] g]kfnL sfª\u]|;, dw];jfbL bn / s]xL ;fgf bnn] o;sf] lj/f]w ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . ;Qf ;fem]bf/ bn Pdfn] / dfcf]jfbLaLr ;+ljwfg;ef Dofb yKg] ljifodf ;f]daf/ Pdfn] ;+;bLo bndf 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . b'O{ bnsf] a}7sn] sfª\u]|;nufotsf c¿ bn;“u klg 5nkmn u/]/ ;xdltsf cfwf/df Dofb yk ug'{kg]{ lgisif{ lgsfn]sf] 5 . ;f]xL lgisif{cg'¿k ;f]daf/ g} dfcf]jfbL / sfª\u]|;sf zLif{ g]tfaLr 5nkmn;d]t ePsf] lyof] . oBlk, 5nkmn s'g} lgisif{sf gk'u] klg sfª\u]|;n] s]xL k'/fg} ;Demf}tf kfngfsf] ;t{ /fv]/ Dofb yksf ljifodf cfkm"nfO{ nlrnf] 9ª\un] k|:t't u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 .

;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] klxnf] 9f]sfsf] ¿kdf zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ lnOPsf] 5 . zflGt k|lqmofsf] sfd d'VotM dfcf]jfbL;“u} hf]l8Psf] x'gfn] pm Odfgbf/ eP ;+ljwfg klg lgdf{0f x'g] 7x/ ;a} /fhgLlts bnsf] /x]sf] 5 . To;f] x'gfn] klg zflGt k|lqmof / ;+ljwfg n]vgnfO{ 6'ª\uf]df k'¥ofpg] eGg] d}bfgdf an dfcf]jfbLs} sf]6{df k'u]sf] 5 . oBlk, kl5Nnf] r/0fdf gLltut ¿kdf dfcf]jfbL nlrnf] 9ª\un] k|:t't ePsfn] zflGt / ;+ljwfg 6'ª\uf]df k'Ug] s'/fdf s]xL ;sf/fTds ;ª\s]t b]lvPsf 5g\ . kfn'ª\6f/ a}7saf6 kf; u/]sf] hgljb|f]xsf] nfOgnfO{ kl/Tofu u/L xfn} dfq dfcf]jfbLn] zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] sfo{lbzf kf; u/]sf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLsf] sfo{gLltdf cfPsf] of] …o' 6g{Ún] ;+ljwfg;efsf] ;dofjlw yk]/} eP klg zflGt / ;+ljwfgnfO{ tfls{s lgisif{df k'¥ofpg] cfwf/ k|:t't u/]sf] 5 . t/, ;“u;“u} dfcf]jfbLdf ljutdf b]lvPsf] k|lta4tf / Jojxf/aLrsf] c;Gt'ngn] c¿ bn eg] cem} em:s]sf 5g\ .

h]7 !$ leq ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f gx'“bf cfpg] ;ª\s6nfO{ d'VotM tLg j6f sf]0faf6 x]g'{kg]{ Pdfn] kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o k|bLk 1jfnL atfpg'x'G5 . klxnf], ljutdf ylkPsf] Ps jif{sf] ;do /fhgLlts bnn] Joy{df u'dfP/ g}lts cfwf/ sdhf]/ agfO;s]sfn] sDtLdf klxnf] d:of}bf tof/ u/]/ / zflGt k|lqmof elTs“b}g eGg] ljGb'df k'¥ofP/ dfq} Dofb yKg' pko'Qm x'G5 . bf];|f], clxn];Dd ePsf cfGbf]ngsf] ;jf]{Rr k|flKt g} ;+ljwfg;ef ePsfn] ;+ljwfg;efaf6} ;+ljwfg agfpg'afx]ssf] ljsNk g/x]sf] g]tf 1jfnLn] atfpg'eof] . t];|f], ePsf] Pp6f ;+j}wflgs lgsfo klg lj36g u/]/ d'n'sdf ;+j}wflgs ;ª\s6 lgDTofpg gx'g] pxf“sf] egfO 5 . olt x'“bfx'“b} klg bnx¿aLr Dofb yksf ljifodf ;xdlt h'6fpg] s'/fdf emg\ 7"nf] ;ª\s6 /x]sfn] h]h:tf] lg0f{o u/] klg ;xdltd} ug'{kg]{df pxf“n] hf]8 lbg'eof] . dfcf]jfbLsf] kl5Nnf] lg0f{o zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] lbzfdf ;sf/fTds eP klg p;k|lt ljZjf;sf] cfwf/ alnof] gePsf] klg g]tf 1jfnLn] atfpg'eof] . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fcl3sf] d'Vo cfwf/ zflGt k|lqmof 6'ª\Uofpgsf nflu dfcf]jfbLn] ca cd"t{ s'/f dfq gu/L 7f]; k|:tfj;lxt cfpg'kg]{ 1jfnLn] atfpg'eof] .

clxn] kf6L{sf] sfo{lbzf kl/jt{g ubf{ klg dfcf]jfbLn] hgljb|f]xnfO{ :yug dfq eg]sfn] p;k|lt ljZjf; ug{ g;lsg] g]kfnL sfª\u]|;sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ch'{gg/l;+x s];Ln] atfpg'eof] . …dfcf]jfbLn] To:tf k|lta4tf t aL;f}“rf]l6 u/]sf 5g\, t/ Jojxf/d} ¿kfGt/0f ePsf] vf]O < s];Ln] k|ltk|Zg ug'{eof] . t/ klg, ;dofjlw yKg'sf] csf]{ pko'Qm ljsNk gePsfn] ;xdlts} cfwf/df To; ljifodf 5nkmn ug'{kg]{ pxf“sf] wf/0ff 5 . clxn]s} cj:yfdf km]l/ klg Dofb yKbf Tof] cjlw kl/0ffdd'vL x'G5 eGg] s'g} ;ª\s]t gePsf] rrf{ ub}{ g]tf s];Ln] eGg'eof]– …cfkm\gf] Dofb cfkm}“ yKg' k|fs[lts Gofoljk/Lt x'G5, To;}n] lagfk|of]hg / ;fd"lxs k|lta4tf geO{ Dofb yKg' lg/y{s x'G5 .Ú

h]7 !$ leq zflGt k|lqmof;“u ;DalGwt ljifo 6'ª\uf] nfu]sf] v08df eg] Dofb yKg ;lsg] s];Lsf] egfO 5 . ptf, dfcf]jfbL kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o /fd sfsL{n] klg h]7 !$ cl3 zflGt k|lqmof;“u ;DalGwt sfd 6'ª\Uofpg'kg]{ atfpg'eof] . ;a} /fhgLlts bnn] dfcf]jfbLdfly ul//x]sf] zª\sfsf] k|ltjfb ub}{ sfsL{n] eGg'eof]– …xfdL zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf lglDt gLltut ¿kd} k|:6 eO;s]sf a]nf yk axfgf agfpg' pko'Qm x'“b}g .Ú cfkm\gf] kf6L{n] zflGt k|lqmofsf af/] ljleGg ljsNk cufl8 ;f/]sf] / Tolt dfq geO{ g]kfnL ;]gfsf] k|:tfjnfO{ klg ;sf/fTds ¿kdf lnPsf] eGb} sfsL{n] dfcf]jfbL ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf a9L g} nlrnf] x'g tof/ /x]sf] klg k|:6 kfg'{eof] .


kqsf/ cfh r'gfjL d}bfgdf ufp“n] Kofgnsf] kNnf ef/L

sf7df8f“} . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] gof“ g]t[Tjsf nflu cfh dtbfg x'“b}5 . lxhf] k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnsf] dxf;ª\3sf] @#cf}“ clwj]zgsf] /fhwfgLdf cf}krfl/s pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ljutdf x'g] u'6, km'6 / 6'6sf] z[ª\vnfnfO{ k"0f{tof lg:t]h kfb}{ o; k6s Jofj;flos, jfd / k|hftGqsf c;n lxdfotLx¿sf] ;+o'Qm Kofgn d}bfgdf cfPsfn] kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] @#cf}“ dxflwj]zgnfO{ ;a}lt/af6 cy{k"0f{ ¿kdf x]l/Psf] 5 .

ljZj k]|; :jtGqtf lbj; cyf{t\ d] # sf] cj;/ kf/L pb\3f6g ul/Psf] kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] @#cf}“ clwj]zgdf k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] ;/sf/ ;w}“ :jtGq k]|;sf] kIfdf b[9tfk"j{s pleg] k|lta4tf hgfpg'eof] . pb\3f6g dGtJosf qmddf pxf“n] cfkm" ;+ljwfgd} k]|; :jtGqtfsf] xsnfO{ df}lns xssf ¿kdf kl/eflift ug{ tTk/ /x]sf] wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . k|wfgdGqLn] k]|; tyf kqsfl/tf hut\sf] ;'/Iff uDeL/ ;d:ofsf] ¿kdf /x]sf] eGb} ;~rf/ hut\nfO{ ;'/lIft / eo/lxt jftfj/0f k|bfg ug{ ;/sf/n] x/;Dej pkfo cjnDag ug]{ atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf k|wfgdGqLn] ljutdf h:t} zflGt / ;+ljwfgk|lt cfkm" k|lta4tf / lrGtgzLn /x]sf] bf]xf]¥ofpg'eof] .

k|wfgdGqLn] ;/sf/n] To;sf nflu x/;Dej k|of; u/]sf] eP klg h]7 !$ sf] lgwf{l/t ;doleq ;f] Ph]G8f k"/f x'g] ;Defjgf 36]sf]tkm{ ;ª\s]t ub}{ k|To]s bnleqsf cGt/åGån] klg o;df ;d:of cfPsf] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . …;dfh ¿kfGt/0fdf gof“ / k'/fgf ;f]raLrsf] 6s/fjsf] k|tLssf ¿kdf bnleqsf cfGtl/s dte]bx¿ a9]sf x'g\, of] ;d:of k|d'v bnx¿df dfq xf]Og, ;fgf;fgf bnx¿df klg 5,Ú k|wfgdGqLsf] egfO lyof] . k|wfgdGqL

vgfnn] zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] kIfdf kfl/t ul/Psf] dfcf]jfbLsf] kl5Nnf] sfo{gLltn] s]xL cfzf hufPsf] atfpg'eof] . ;f]daf/sf] e]6df dfcf]jfbLx¿ uDeL/ ¿kdf k|:t't eP, d'n'snfO{ ;ª\qmd0faf6 kf/ nufpg bnaLrsf] Pstfsf] ljsNk 5}g eGg] s'/f k'li6 ePsf] 5 Ú– k|wfgdGqLn] eGg'eof]– …;+ljwfg;ef olQs} cGTo x'g'x'Gg, To;sf nflu sfª\u]|;nufotsf] bnLo ;xdltdf lgsf; lgsfNg'k5{ .Ú ;+;f/sf h'g;'s} d'n'sdf klg ;+ljwfg;efn] g} s]xL l9nf] u/]/} eP klg ;+ljwfg agfPsf] pbfx/0f lb“b} k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] g]kfndf eg] o;sf] cfo' tf]s]/ uNtL ePsf] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] .

sfo{qmddf pxf“n] g]kfnL kqsfl/tf cg]s 3'DtLx¿ kf/ u/]/ jt{dfg cj:yfdf cfOk'Ug' v';Lsf] s'/f ePsf] atfpg'eof] . k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] dxf;ª\3n] nf]stGqsf] n8fO“cl3 a9fp“b} nu]sf]df v';L JoQm ub}{ dxf;ª\3n] vf;vf; cj:yfdf /fhgLlts bnx¿n] eGbf a9\tf nf]stGqnfO{ of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf] atfpg'eof] . o;}u/L, sfo{qmddf ;efd'v ;'jf; g]Djfªn] zflGt k|lqmof 6'ª\Uofpgsf nflu bnx¿ Psh'6 /xg'sf] ljsNk g/x]sf] atfpg'eof] . cem} h]7 !$ cl3 g} ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f x'g] k|z:t cfwf/x¿ af“sL g} /x]sf] eGb} ;efd'v g]Djfªn] tLg j6f ljifodf dfq ;xdlt h'6\g g;s]sf] atfpg'eof] . /fHo k'gM;+/rgf / zf;sLo :j¿kh:tf ljifodf dfq ljjfb /x]sf] / ;f] ljjfb klg ;f“3'l/“b} uPsf] eGb} ;efd'v g]Djfªn] k|d'v bn lhDd]jf/ / uDeL/ eOlbP cfh} jf ef]ln g} ;xdltsf ;fy ;+ljwfg aGg] ts{ ug'{eof] .

sfo{qmddf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf ;lrj zª\s/ kf]v/]n, dfcf]jfbL kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o /fd sfsL{, sfª\u]|; s]Gb|Lo ;b:o 8f= ldg]Gb| l/hfn, ;+j}wflgs ;ldltsf ;efklt gLnfDa/ cfrfo{, /fli6«o hgzlQm kf6L{sf cWoIf ;"o{axfb'/ yfkfnufotn] z'esfdgf dGtJo lbg'ePsf] lyof] . zflGt, ;xdlt / ;+ljwfg, g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] cleofg eGg] gf/fsf ;fy hf/L @#cf}“ dxflwj]zgn] gof“ g]kfn lgdf{0f;“u} efjL gof“ ;+/rgfcg'¿k dxf;ª\3sf] ljsf; / lj:tf/sf ;fy} k]|; :jtGqtf, >dhLjL kqsf/x¿sf] ljsf;, df]km;ndf kqsfl/tfsf] hu alnof] kfg{ / ;dfj]zLs/0fsf] d'2f p7fpg klg o; k6s jfd tfnd]nsf] gLlt cl3 ;fl/Psf] atfOG5 . tfnd]n cg';f/ cWoIf, pkfWoIf / sf]iffWoIf kb k]|; rf}tf/Lsf] efudf k/]sf] 5 eg] dxf;lrj / ;lrj kb qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;ª\3nfO{ lbOPsf] 5 .

o;}u/L, ;b:ox¿ eg] If]qut ¿kdf af“8kmf“6 ul/Psf] 5 . b'O{ ;ª\u7gaLrsf] ;xdltdf pkfWoIfdf ozf]bf ltlD;gf, dxf;lrjdf cf]d zdf{, ;lrjdf rGb|dfg >]i7 / sf]iffWoIfdf zLtn zfx pDd]bjf/ ag]sf 5g\ . o;}u/L, pkTosf ;b:odf bLks kf08] / bfdf]b/ ltldlN;gf, k|lti7fg ;b:odf dft[sf kf}8]n / afns[i0f a:g]t, dw];L ;b:odf lbg]z b]j / wd]{Gb| s0f{, blnt ;b:odf lgzf ljZjsdf{ / dl0fnfn ljZjsdf{nfO{ p7fOPsf] 5 . o;}u/L, dlxnf ;b:odf b'uf{ e08f/L, ;ª\uLtf v8\sf / zfGtf a:g]t, hghflt ;b:odf lvd 3n] / /fh' nfdf, s0ff{nL ;b:odf eLdl;+x g]kfnL, ;'b"/klZrdf~rn ;b:odf lbnaxfb'/ 5Tofn / /fh]Gb| gfy, klZrdf~rn ;b:odf df]xg rfkfufO{+ / ?b| e§, dWoklZrdf~rn ;b:odf k|eft rnfpg] / ;"o{dl0f uf}td, dWodf~rn ;b:odf k|tfk lji6 / d]xz bf; tyf k"jf{~rn ;b:odf hgsClif /fO{ / df]xgsfhL pDd]bjf/ ag]sf 5g\ .

rf}tf/Lsf cWoIf uug lji6 / ;ª\3sf cWoIf bfxfnaLr 5a'“b] ;xdlt eP/ Jofks u[xsfo{kl5 ;+o'Qm pDd]bjf/sf] pDd]bjf/L btf{ ul/Psf] atfOG5 . ;+o'Qm Kofgnn] >dhLjL kqsf/sf] Jofj;flos / ef}lts ;'/Iff, k]|; tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtf, dxf;ª\3sf] k'gM;+/rgf lgi7fk"0f{ kqsfl/tf, ldl8ofdf nufgLd}qL jftfj/0fsf] l;h{gf / ;fgf nufgLsf cvaf/x¿sf] xslxtsf] d'2f cl3 ;f/]sf] 5  . ptf, ;+o'Qm Kofgnsf] ljho ;'lglZrt ePkl5 k|lt:kwL{ k]|; o'lgog cflQPsf] 5 . p;n] xfg]{ kSsf ePkl5 r'gfj layf]Ng] p2]Zon] ;~rf/u|fdl:yt s]Gb|Lo sfof{no kl/;/df s]xL kqsf/nfO{ prfn]/ cg;g;d]t a:g nufPsf] lyof] . t/, ;a} ljjfb ;fDo eP/ cfh x'g] dtbfgn] %^ jif{b]lv sfª\u]|;Lsf] sAhfdf /x]sf] dxf;ª\3 jfdkGyLsf] xftdf hfg] ;'lglZrt ePsf] 5 .


k|wfgdGqL sf]6]Zj/df

sf7df8f}“ . k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnn] lxhf] laxfg cfkm\g} kf6L{sf jl/i7 g]tf Pjd\ k"j{k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfnnfO{ pxf“s} lgjf; sf]6]Zj/df k'u]/ e]6 ug'{ePsf] 5 . laxfg ;f9] cf7 ah] g]kfnlgjf; k'Ug'ePsf k|wfgdGqL vgfn ;f9] gf} ah] Toxf“af6 aflxl/g'ePsf] lyof] .

Ps 3G6f rn]sf] b'O{ g]tfaLrsf] s'/fsfgLdf zflGt k|lqmof / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f tyf kf6L{leqsf] Pstfsf ljifodf s'/fsfgL ePsf] lyof] . …;do;Ldfleq ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / zflGt k|lqmofsf] sfdnfO{ s;/L 6'ª\Uofpg] eGg] ljifodf s'/fsfgL eof]Ú– k"j{k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] a'waf/l;t eGg'eof]– …zflGt k|lqmof / ;+ljwfg n]vgdf dfcf]jfbL ;sf/fTds ePsf] s'/f k|wfgdGqLn] /fVg'eof] .Ú cfkm"n] k|wfgdGqLnfO{ dfcf]jfbLx¿ d'vn] af]Ng dfq afgL k/]sfn] ;lhn} ljZjf; ug{ g;lsg] s'/f :d/0f u/fPsf] klg g]tf g]kfnn] atfpg'eof] .

kf6L{nfO{ s;/L ;+:yfut 9ª\un] rnfpg] eGg] ljifodf klg 5nkmn ePsf] / o;df k|wfgdGqL klg ;sf/fTds /xg'ePsf] klg g]tf g]kfnn] atfpg'eof] . e]6df ;+ljwfg;efsf] ;dofjlw yKg] ljifodf s'/f gePsf] atfp“b} g]tf g]kfnn] eGg'eof]– …To; ljifodf ulx/f] s'/fsfgL ePg, t/ h]7 !$ leq d:of}bf cfPsf] v08df To; ljifodf ;f]Rg ;lsG5 .Ú e]6df b'O{ g]tfaLr ef]ln a:g nfu]sf] kf]ln6Ao'/f] a}7ssf af/]df klg s'/fsfgL ePsf] lyof] . k|wfgdGqL vgfn s'/fsfgLkl5 lrof vfP/ kmls{g'ePsf] lyof] .

gof“ ;/sf/ u7gkl5 b'O{ g]tfaLr ;DaGw lrl;Psf] eGg] s'/f aflx/ cfO/x]s} a]nf pxf“x¿aLr ePsf] e]6n] To:tf] k|rf/afhLnfO{ klg dTy/ agfPsf] 5 .

o;cl3 k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] csf{ g]tf s]kL cf]nLnfO{ klg pxf“s} lgjf; afnsf]6 k'u]/ e]6 ug'{ePsf] lyof] . z'qmaf/ a]n'sL b'O{ g]tfaLr ePsf] e]6df klg zflGt k|lqmof, ;+ljwfg n]vg, kf6L{sf] cfGtl/s hLjgnufotsf ljifodf s'/fsfgL ePsf] lyof] . k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] To; lbgsf] a]n'sL vfgf klg cf]nLlgjf;d} vfg'ePsf] lyof] .

k|wfgdGqLn] yfngL ug'{ePsf] o:tf] e]63f6n] kf6L{sf zLif{ g]tfaLrsf] ;DaGw k|uf9 aGb} hfg] / kf6L{leq b]lvPsf dte]b klg 36\b} hfg] ljZjf; lng yflnPsf] 5 .


dfcf]jfbL dGqL 5fGg km]l/ c;kmn

sf7df8f}“ . ;/sf/df k7fpg] af“sL ;ft dGqL / P3f/ /fHodGqLsf] gfd 6'ª\Uofpg] ljifodf PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLn] kl5Nnf] k6s lxhf] laxfg u/]sf] k|of; klg c;kmn ePsf] 5 .

k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfn, dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn / dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/dsf cWoIf pk]Gb| ofbjaLr ut z'qmaf/ ePsf] a}7sdf ;f]daf/;Dd dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ ub}{ ;/sf/nfO{ k"0f{tf lbg ;xdlt ePsf] lyof] . ;f]xLcg'¿k lxhf] laxfg cfkm\gf] kf6L{af6 dlGqd08ndf k7fpg] gfd 6'ª\uf] nufpg dfcf]jfbL kbflwsf/Lsf] a}7s a;]sf] lyof] .

bfxfnlgjf; gof“ ahf/df emG8} rf/ 3G6f rn]sf] a}7sn] dGqL / /fHodGqLsf] gfd to ug{ ;s]g . a?, cWoIf bfxfnnfO{ g} of] lhDd]jf/L ;'lDk“b} a}7s 6'ª\luPsf] lyof] .

tLg k|d'v /fhgLlts bnsf zLif{ g]tfx¿aLr z'qmaf/ k|wfgdGqLlgjf;df ePsf] 5nkmndf kmf]/dnfO{ lbg] dGqfno 6'ª\uf] nufOPsf] lyof] . zLif{ g]tfx¿aLr kmf]/dnfO{ ;/sf/df pkk|wfgdGqL;lxt k//fi6«, jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{, s[lif tyf ;xsf/L / >d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno lbg] ;xdlt ePsf] lyof] . t/, dfcf]jfbLn] ;/sf/df k7fpg] gfd to ug{ g;Sbf kmf]/dnufotsf s]xL ;fgf bnx¿n] klg lg0f{o lng ;s]sf 5}gg\ .

cfGtl/s åGådf ?dlNnO/x]sf] dfcf]jfbL cfkm\gf] tTsfnLg sfo{lbzf to ug{d} s]xL ;do cNdlnPkl5 ;/sf/n] k"0f{tf kfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . kmf]/dn] ;/sf/df k7fpg] gfd lxhf] k7fpg] tof/L u/]sf] lyof] . t/, dfcf]jfbL a}7s lgisif{xLg ePkl5 kmf]/dn] k|wfgdGqLnfO{ gfd gk7fPsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] .

kmf]/d ;ef;b\ cleif]sk|tfk ;fxn] dfcf]jfbLn] cfkm\gf dGqLsf] gfd 6'ª\UofPkl5 dfq} cfkm"x¿n] gfd lbg] atfpg'eof] . …sf] k7fpg] eGg] u[xsfo{ eO/x]sf] 5Ú– ;fxn] eGg'eof]– …dfcf]jfbLn] cfh -dª\unaf/_ 6'ª\UofPg5, ef]ln kl;{ slxn] x'G5, gfd lbG5f}“ . dfcf]jfbLn] 6'ª\UofPkl5 Kofs]hdf c¿ s'/f x'G5 .Ú kmf]/d s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] o;cl3 g} dGqL 5gf]6 ug]{ lhDdf cWoIf ofbjnfO{ lbO;s]sf] 5 .

dlGqkl/ifb\df k7fpg]sf] gfd s]xL ;fgf bnx¿n] o;cl3 g} k|wfgdGqLnfO{ a'emfO;s]sf 5g\ . g]skf -dfn]_n] e"ld;'wf/ tyf Joj:yf dGqfno kfP vu]Gb| k|;fO{+nfO{ k7fpg] lglZrt u/]sf] 5 . To:t}, dfn] -;dfhjfbL_n] hutaxfb'/ af]u6L, g]skf -dfS;{jfbL_n] ;'lgn dfgGw/ / lji0f'/fh cof{nn] g]t[Tj u/]sf] dfn] -;dfhjfbL_ n] ob'j+zL emfsf] gfd k|wfgdGqLnfO{ a'emfO;s]sf 5g\ .


dfcf]jfbLs} af6f]df sfª\u]|;

sf7df8f}“ . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ljsf; / zflGtsf] 3f]/lj/f]wL eGb} ldg]6}lkR5] cfnf]rgf ug]{ g]kfnL sfª\u]|; cfkm}“n] dfcf]jfbLs} af6f] k5\ofpg yfn]sf] 5 . zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] d"n Ph]G8f k"/f ug{ Ps} 7fp“df a:g g;Sg] oL b'j} kf6L{sf] Pp6} /f]u xf] . zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf nflu /fli6«o ;xdltsf] ;/sf/ cfjZos x'G5 . t/, sfª\u]|; ;/sf/df ;xefuL eP dfcf]jfbL k|ltkIfdf a:g] / dfcf]jfbL ;/sf/df uP sfª\u]|; k|ltkIf a:g] /f]un] b'j} kf6L{nfO{ cem} 5f8]sf] 5}g . b'O{ ljk/Lt w'|jdf plePsf log} b'O{ kf6L{sf sf/0f d'n'sn] cem} ;ª\s6sf] lgsf; kfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . crDd t s] eg] k|ltkIfdf a:g tof/ x'g] oL kf6L{n] /rgfTds e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{] c7f]6 klg u5{g\ t/ Jojxf/df b'j}sf] e"ldsf ljsf;lj/f]wL g} x'g] u/]sf] 5 .

ut jif{ dfwjs'df/ g]kfn g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/nfO{ ah]6 Nofpg glbP/ k|ltkIfdf a;]]sf] dfcf]jfbLn] ;+;b\df ljt08f g} dRrfof] . cy{dGqLdfly xftkft ug]{b]lv lnP/ la|kms]; km'6fpg];Ddsf cftª\sk"0f{ sfd eP . clxn] dfcf]jfbLs} l;sf] ub}{ g]kfnL sfª\u]|;n] klg ah]6 Nofpg glbg] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . ;f]daf/ a;]sf] sfª\u]|; ;+;bLo bnsf] a}7sn] o:tf] lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . ut jif{ dfcf]jfbLn] ah]6 Nofpg glbPsf sf/0f d'n'ssf] ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] ;a} sfd 7Kk ag]sf] lyof] / To;sf] k|efj cBflk sfod 5 . a}ª\sdf hDdf ePsf] k};f ;/sf/n] ljsf;sf sfddf vr{ ug{ kfPsf] 5}g . o:tf] a]nf ah]6 Nofpg glbg] lg0f{o u/]/ sfª\u]|;n] klg cfkm"nfO{ ljsf;lj/f]wL kf6L{sf ¿kdf pEofPsf] 5 .

jt{dfg ;/sf/n] o;cl3 ut kmfu'gdf g} k"/s ah]6 Nofpg] tof/L u/]sf] lyof] . t/, To;df ;j{bnLo ;xdlt gh'6]sf sf/0f Tof] k|of; c;kmn ePsf] lyof] . ;xdltsf cfwf/df dfq cl3 a9\g] ;/sf/sf] dfGotfs} sf/0f k"/s ah]6 cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . t/, ;xdltsf nflu ;/sf/n] b]vfPsf] pbf/tfnfO{ sfª\u]|;n] sdhf]/Lsf ¿kdf lnP/ cl3 a9]sf] atfOG5 . lxhf] dfcf]jfbLn] ah]6 Nofpg glb“bf dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ljsf;lj/f]wL eGg] sfª\u|]; clxn] cfkm}“ ToxL af6f]df lx“8\g'nfO{ p;sf] unt cfr/0fsf ¿kdf x]g{ yflnPsf] 5 . ah]6h:tf] ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] d]?b08sf] ljifonfO{ cfkm\gf] bnLo /fhgLlt :jfy{k"lt{sf] dfWodaf6 cl3 a9\g] sfª\u]|;sf] lg0f{ok|lt cfdgful/s c;Gt'i6 ag]sf 5g\ .

jt{dfg ;/sf/n] k"/s ah]6 Nofpg] ljifodf sfª\u]|;n] cj/f]w hgfPkl5 j}zfv @) ut] g} lgoldt ah]6 Nofpg] lg0f{o Ps dlxgfcl3 g} u/]sf] lyof] . t/, sfª\u]|;s} cj/f]wkl5 Tof] sfo{tflnsf klg k|efljt ag]sf] lyof] . To;kl5 ;/sf/n] h]7 ( ut] ah]6 Nofpg cfGtl/s tof/L u/]sf] 5 . t/, sfª\u]|;n] s'g} klg xfntdf ah]6 Nofpg glbg] lg0f{o u/]kl5 cy{dGqL e/tdf]xg clwsf/Ln] sfª\u]|;;“u jftf{ k|lqmof cufl8 a9fpg'ePsf] 5 . sfª\u]|;;“u jftf{ u/]/ ;xdlts} cfwf/df lgwf{l/t ;dod} ah]6 NofO5f8\g] cy{dGqL clwsf/Ln] k6sk6s ;fj{hlgs k|lta4tf JoQm ug'{ePsf] 5 .


k|wfgdGqL 6sL{ hfg]

sf7df8f}“ . k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfn cfufdL zlgaf/ 6sL{ hfg'x'g] ePsf] 5 . cNkljsl;t d'n'sx¿sf] rf}yf] ;Dd]ngdf efu lng pxf“ To;tkm{ hfg nfUg'ePsf] xf] . k|wfgdGqLsf] of] klxnf] ljb]z e|d0f xf] . b; jif{kl5 x'g nfu]sf] of] ;Dd]ngsf] cWoIf /fi6« g]kfn ePsfn] ;Dd]ngsf] cWoIftf k|wfgdGqL vgfnn] g} ug'{x'g] sfo{qmd 5 .

6sL{sf] /fhwfgL O:tfg'ndf x'g nfu]sf] ;f] ;Dd]ngdf ljZjsf $* cNkljsl;t d'n'sx¿sf] ;xeflutf /xg] atfOPsf] 5 . o;cl3 of] ;Dd]ng nuftf/ klxnf] / bf];|f] k6s k]l/;df ePsf] lyof] eg] t];|f] ;Dd]ng ;g\ @))! df a|;]N;df ePsf] lyof] . k|wfgdGqLsf] PsxKt] of] e|d0fdf efu lng] ;b:ox¿sf] 6'ª\uf] k//fi6« dGqfnon] tof/ kfl/;s]sf] 5 . t/, dlGqkl/ifb\sf] a}7sn] ;b:ox¿sf] gfd cg'df]bg gu/]sfn] pgLx¿sf] gfd uf]Ko /flvPsf] atfOPsf] 5 .

;|f]tsf cg';f/, k|wfgdGqL;“u} e|d0fdf h]g]efsf nflu g]kfnL k|ltlglw, ;+o'Qm /fi6«;ª\3sf] Go'of]s{l:yt g]kfnL k|ltlglw, k|wfgdGqLsf k//fi6« ;Nnfxfsf/, k//fi6« ;lrj, /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf sfo{afxs pkfWoIfnufot ;xefuL x'g] lglZrt ePsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL cfufdL @% ut] kmls{g] sfo{qmd to ePsf] k//fi6« ;Nnfxsf/ ldng t'nfw/n] atfpg'eof] . e|d0fdf ;xefuL x'g] cGo JolQmx¿sf] gfd clxn] ;fj{hlgs gul/P klg ;s];Dd ;fgf] cfsf/sf] 6f]nL k7fpg] tof/L eO/x]sf] atfOPsf] 5 .


ef]ln kf]ln6Ao''/f] a}7s

sf7df8f}“ . ;d;fdlos /fhgLlts kl/l:yltsf ;Gbe{df 5nkmn ug{ g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf] kf]ln6Ao'/f] a}7s ef]ln a:b}5 . a}7sn] o;cl3 to eO{ :ylut s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7ssf] ldlt to ug]{ / To;sf nflu Ph]G8f tof/ ug{] ;lrjfno ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnLn] atfpg'eof] . o;cl3 Pdfn]n] j}zfv !$ b]lv !^ ut];Dd s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s af]nfPsf] lyof] . t/, ;f]xL ldltdf nf]stflGqs dw];L ;ª\u7gsf] /fli6«o dxflwj]zgsf] ldlt h'w]kl5 a}7s :ylut ul/Psf] lyof] . s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7ssf] tof/Lsf] cfjZos u[xsfo{sf nflu yk ;do cfjZos /x]sf] eGb} cWoIf emngfy vgfnsf] lgb]{zgdf a}7s :ylut ePsf] s]Gb|Lo ;lrjfnon] hgfPsf] lyof] .

;lrj 1jfnLsf cg';f/ ;a} g]tfx¿;“u 5nkmn u/]/ cWoIf vgfnn] kf]ln6Ao'/f] a}7s af]nfpg'ePsf] xf] . pxf“n] kf]ln6Ao'/f]df kof{Kt 5nkmn u/]/ s]Gb|Lo sld6Ldf /fhgLlts d'2fx¿df lj:t[t 5nkmn ug]{ hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . vf;u/L ;+ljwfg;efsf] kl5Nnf] ylkPsf] Ps jif{ klg ;lsg} nfUbf Pdfn]n] To;af/]df cf}krfl/s wf/0ff lgdf{0f ug]{ a'lemPsf] 5 . …;fgf] 9f“rfdf kof{Kt 5nkmn u/]/ ljifoj:t'nfO{ cem k|:6 kfg{ kf]ln6Ao'/f] a}7s af]nfPsf 5f}“Ú– ;lrj 1jfnLn] eGg'eof] .

;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj;d]t lnPsf] Pdfn]n] c¿ /fhgLlts bnx¿;“u ;/sf/ lj:tf/df eO/x]sf] k|ult tyf h]7 !$ cl3 g} s;/L Pp6f 6'ª\uf]df k'Ug] eGg] af/]df of]hgf agfpg]5 . kl5Nnf] k6s dfcf]jfbLsf] c;xof]usf sf/0f ;/sf/ lj:tf/d} cj/f]w k}bf ePsf] 5 . @$ ut] k|wfgdGqLsf] 6sL{ hfg] sfo{qmd ePsfn] kf]ln6Ao'/f] a}7s z'qmaf/;Dd dfq} rNg] a'lemPsf] 5 . a}7s kf6L{ s]Gb|Lo sfof{nodf !! ah] a:g] to ePsf] 5 .


dw];L ;ª\u7gdf dxf;]7

hgsk'/ . nf]stflGqs dw];L ;ª\u7gsf] zlgaf/ ;DkGg k|yd /fli6«o dxflwj]zgn] g]skf -PDffn]_sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pjd\ l;“rfOdGqL /3'jL/ dxf;]7nfO{ cWoIfdf rog u/]sf] 5 . dxflwj]zgsf] k|wfgdGqL Pjd\ g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] laxLaf/ hgsk'/df cfof]lht eJo ;df/f]xaLr pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

dxflwj]zgn] ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf %^ ;b:oLo gof“ g]t[Tj rog u/]sf] 5 . lgjf{lrt pkfWoIfx¿df /fdlk|t kf;jfg, 8f= j+zLw/ ld> / l;/fh cxdb kmf?sL x'g'x'G5 . dxf;lrjdf uf]kfn 7fs'/, ;lrjdf of]ugf/fo0f ofbj, /fdrGb| Kof;L / /fdbofn d08n Pjd\ sf]iffWoIfdf h'g}b cG;f/L rog x'g'ePsf] 5 . ;b:odf nfnafa' kl08t, hf]uLnfn ofbj, /fdnfn ;fx, dLgf ofbj hubLz s'lzo}t, Zofdb]j d]xtf, ddtfb]jL /fo, hubLzk|;fb ;fx, hok|sfz 7fs'/, sfnLr/0f ;fx, df]xg dxtf], /fhgf/fo0f ;fx, /jLGb| a}7f, gGbnfn /fo ofbj, ls/0fb]jL /fo, ca'n snfd cfhfb, ;lRrbfgGb ;fx, ;xh/fd ofbj,

df]= xf?g xnjfO{, lbg]z ofbj, Zofdgf/fo0f emf, zflGtb]jL rdf/, ;'zLn >Ljf:tj, cflbTogf/fo0f s;f}wg, ;~ho u'Ktf, jL/]Gb| ofbj, /fdldng ;xgL, uf]kfnhL u'Ktf, /fdrGb| ;fx, k|b'dgk|;fb rf}xfg, /fhs'df/ u'Ktf, dgf]h rf}w/L, ljgf]b ;fx, jL/]Gb| lu/L, wd{gfy ofbj, /fd/tL /fd, /fdbofn dxtf], k|df]b ofbj, /fhdxDdb cG;f/L, O{= /fdrGb| ;fx, /~h' 7fs'/, ;laof k/ljg cG;f/L, /fdrl/q ;fx, lszf]/L ;fx, jL0ff zdf{ df/jf8L, ls/0f u'Ktf / k/z'/fd ofbj /xg'ePsf] 5 .

dxflwj]zgsf] pb\3f6g ;qnfO{ Pdfn] :yfoL sld6L ;b:o s]kL zdf{ cf]nL, kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o Pjd\ hgsk'/ ;+of]hs /fdrGb| emf, s]Gb|Lo ;b:o wd{gfy ;fx, s]Gb|Lo j}slNks ;b:o Pjd\ :yfgLo ljsf; /fHodGqL ;q'3g dxtf]nufotsf g]tfx¿n] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . clwj]zgdf 5 ;o k|ltlglw ;xefuL lyP .


nfb]gsf] d[To'

sf7df8f}“ . Ps bzscl3 ;a}eGbf w]/} zf]sdf 8'a]sf cd]l/sL hgtfnfO{ ;f]daf/ Pp6f va/n] ;a}eGbf w]/} v';L agfof] . ljZj dxfzlQm cd]l/sfsf /fi6«klt af/fs cf]afdfn] ha cfkm\gf] P]ltxfl;s ;Daf]wgdfkm{t\ …cfh d cd]l/sf / ;Dk"0f{ ljZjsf ;fd' pleP/ 3f]if0ff ub}{5', dfgjtfsf] b'Zdg ljg nfb]g dfl/Psf] 5Ú eg]/ x\jfO6 xfp;af6 ;Daf]wg u/] .

/fi6«kltsf] of] ;Daf]wgkl5 cftª\ssf] kof{o ag]sf nfb]gsf] d[To'sf] v';Ldf cfsl:ds ljZj dxfzlQmdf ljhosf] pT;j 5fof] . @))! sf] ;]K6]Da/ !! df Go'of]s{l:yt l6\jg 6fj/ cfqmd0faf6 cem} rlr{t cftª\ssf/L sxnfOPsf nfb]gsf] d[To'n] cnsfobflj?4sf] cd]l/sL cleofgnfO{ ;kmntf ldn]sf] 5 . …ljg nfb]gsf] d[To'af6 ljZje/sf d'n'snfO{ zflGtk"0f{ agfpg] cleofgdf l9n} eP klg ;kmntf xft nfu]sf] 5Ú– /fi6«klt cf]afdfn] /fi6«nfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ eg]sf 5g\ .

x'g t o;cl3 klg k6sk6s nfb]gsf] d[To' eO;s]sf] xNnf grn]sf] xf]Og . t/, o;kfln cftª\sjfbL ;ª\u7g cnsfobfsf] ;xof]uL ;ª\u7g tflnjfg :jod\n] ;d]t nfb]g dfl/Psf] k'li6 ub}{ …cd]l/sf;“usf] xfd|f] n8fO“ cem} cfqmfds x'g]5Ú eGg] egfOn] klg nfb]g o'usf] Pp6f cWofo ;dfKt ePsf] a'em\g s'g} ufx|f] 5}g . cGt/f{li6«o ;~rf/dfWodx¿sf cg';f/ pgsf] zj cd]l/sL ;}lgssf] lgoGq0fdf 5 .

;dfrf/ Ph]G;Lx¿sf cg';f/, kfls:tfgsf] /fhwfgL O:nfdfjfbaf6 ^) lsnf]ld6/ pQ/k"jL{ Paf]§fjfb ;x/sf] Ps 3/df nfb]g dfl/Psf 5g\ . cfOtaf/ ;f] 3/df nfb]g n's]sf] ;"rgfsf cfwf/df cd]l/sL ;]gfn] x]lnsf]K6/af6 cfqmd0f u/]sf] lyof] . hn;]gfsf] ljz]if 6f]nLn] rf/ j6f x]lnsf]K6/sf ;fy nfb]g /x]sf] 3/df dWo/ftdf cfqmd0f a;f{Psf] lyof] . k|Tofqmd0fsf] k|of; pgn] u/]sf lyP . ;'?df pgnfO{ cd]l/sL ;]gfn] cfTd;dk{0f ug{ r]tfjgL lbPsf] lyof] . t/, pgn] To;nfO{ c:jLsf/ ub}{ k|ltsf/ u/]sf lyP . kl5 6fpsf]df b'O{ uf]nL nfu]kl5 tTsfn} d[To' ePsf] lyof] .

;fpbL c/adf cd]l/sL gful/ssf] xTof, s]Gof / tfGhflgofdflysf] cfqmd0f x'“b} Go'of]s{sf] ljZj Jofkf/ ejgdf b'O{6f ckxl/t ljdfg 7f]SsfP/ tLg xhf/eGbf a9L dflg;sf] Hofg lnPkl5 pgL ljZjs} s§/kGyL cftª\sjfbL ag]sf lyP . nfb]g g]t[Tjsf] cnsfobf ;d"xn] ;g\ @))! ;]K6]Da/sf] 36gfkl5 k|ltsf/:j¿k cftª\sjfblj?4 cfkm\gf ;]gf kl/rfng u/]sf] lyof] .

s'g}a]nf cd]l/sfåf/f g} dnhn u/]/ x'sf{OPsf nfb]gnfO{ ;g\ !(&( df ;f]leot ;ª\3n] ckmuflg:tfgdfly cfqmd0f u/]kl5 sDo'lg:6lj?4 n8\g cfly{s / xftxltof/ ;xof]u u/]sf] lyof] . t/, sDo'lg:6lj?4 cd]l/sfn] rnfpg lbPsf uf]nL / xltof/ ;g\ !((! sf] vf8Lo'4af6 cd]l/sflt/} ;f]lemPsf lyP . To;kl5 cd]l/sfsf lglDt nfb]g Pp6f r'gf}tLsf] ¿kdf v8f lyof], h'g s'/f ckmuflg:tfgdf dfq} kl/rflnt Ps nfveGbf a9L ;ª\Vofsf cGt/f{li6«o ;}lgsn] klg k'li6 ug]{ u5{ .

wfld{s s§/kGygtfsf] /ª lb“b} o'4 pb\3f]if 5]8]sf nfb]gsf] ;dflKt;“u} cGo cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf cftª\sjfbL ;ª\u7g klg sdhf]/ aGg] lglZrtk|foM 5 . ljZj ;d'bfon] nfb]gsf] ;dflKtnfO{ cftª\sjfblj?4sf] dxŒjk"0f{ pknlAw eg]sf 5g\ . To:t}, cd]l/sL /fi6«klt cf]dfafn] o;nfO{ cfkm\gf] sfo{sfnsf] dxŒjk"0f{ ;kmntfsf] ¿kdf a'em]sf 5g\ .


kf“r gDa/df xl/

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf7df8f}“ If]q gDa/–% sf] If]qLo clwj]zgn] xl/ clwsf/Lsf] g]t[Tjdf %! ;b:oLo gof“ sld6L lgjf{lrt u/]sf] 5 . clwj]zgsf] Pdfn] dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] lyof] . lgjf{lrt sld6Ldf pkfWoIf /fds[i0f >]i7, ;lrj clgtf nfdf / ;x;lrj w'|j kf08] x'g'x'G5 . To:t}, ;b:ox¿df lbg]z >]i7, dfOnf >]i7, /fi6«dfg dxh{g, ;"o{dfof dxh{g, u0f]zdfg >]i7, /d]z 8ª\uf]n, a]vfgf/fo0f >]i7, ;Gts'df/L, s}nfz v8\sf, uf]kL kf}8]n, s]zj v8\sf, ;Demgf s'“j/, ;D;' jfg', ljdnf Gof}kfg], tf/f /f]Ssf, lht]axfb'/ ;'gf/, Ps/fh zdf{, ;'jf; Gof}kfg], dL/f hf]zL, k'ikntf /]UdL, ;fljqL k/fh'nL, zfGtf /fO{, kbdsfhL dxh{g, jfª\bL l5l/ª z]kf{, ;Ltf sfsL{, efg' bfxfn, huGgfy 9sfn, lr/l~hLjL s];L, c~hgf lu/L, Zofd s];L, ;'zLn 8ª\uf]n, kxndfg v8\sf, /fdaxfb'/ lyª, gfg' v8\sf, /fddfof dxh{g, /fh' k's'{6L, gf/fo0fs[i0f vltj8f, dfwj e§/fO{, lgd{nf k|hfklt, zs'Gtnf kf]v/]n, s]zjk|;fb >]i7, ;'/]Gb| /]UdL, /fhf/fd 9sfn, /fds[i0f ;]9fO{+, k|]d yfkf, RofG6' nfdf, gGbnfn >]i7 x'g'x'G5 .

clwj]zgsf] pb\3f6g ;qnfO{ g]skf Pdfn]sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fh]Gb| >]i7, j}slNks s]Gb|Lo ;b:oåo /fd]Zj/ km'of“n / hLjg/fh >]i7, sf7df8f}“ lhNnf sld6Lsf cWoIf lgd{n s'O+{s]nn] klg ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . If]qLo ;ª\u7g sld6Lsf ;+of]hs gf/fo0f l;njfnsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;lrj xl/ clwsf/Ln] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

;f] cj;/df e"ldut cj:yfb]lv xfn;Dd klg lg/Gt/ kf6L{ sfddf vl6g'eO{ dxŒjk"0f{ of]ubfg ug'{ePafkt rGb| ;'j]bL, lxdf~rn/fh e§/fO{, nfnaxfb'/ tfdfª / p4j v/]nnfO{ tfd|kq;lxt bf];Nnf cf]9fP/ k|d'v cltly kf]v/]nn] ;Ddfg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . To;}u/L, kf6L{sf] ;b:otf lj:tf/ cleofgdf ;a}eGbf a9L kf6L{ ;b:otf ljt/0f u/L ;ª\u7gsf] sfo{nfO{ k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog ug]{ zfvf sld6Lx¿dWo] wfkf;L ufp“ sld6LnfO{ k'/:s[t ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf 6f]vfsf :yfgLo snfsf/x¿n] ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmd k|:t't u/]sf lyP . ;f] cj;/df lgjf{lrt sld6LnfO{ cWoIfd08nsf cWoIf lgd{n s'O{+s]nn] kb tyf uf]kgLotfsf] zky u|x0f u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] eg] cWoIfd08nsf ;b:o s[i0f /fO{n] xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ug'{eof] .


cd]l/sfdf sljtf k|ltof]lutf

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfnL ;flxTo k|lti7fg pQ/ cd]l/sfn] sljtf k|ltof]lutfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg] ePsf] 5 . ut jif{ cfof]lht sljtf k|ltof]ltufn] lgs} k|z+;f a6'n]sfn] o;nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg] lg0f{o ePsf] k|lti7fgsf ;b:o Pjd\ sljtf k|ltof]lutfsf ;+of]hs uf]ljGbl;+x /fptn] hfgsf/L lbP . sf7df8f}“df cfof]lht sfo{qmddf cWoIf /fptn] ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnL sljnfO{ ;f] k|ltof]lutfdf ;xeflutf hgfpg cfu|x u/] . k|ltof]lutf cfufdL ! b]lv # h'nfO{;Dd jfl;ª\u6gdf x'g]5 .

;f] k|ltof]lutfdf ;xefuL x'gsf nflu #) d];Dddf b'O{ ;o zAbdf ga9fO{ df}lns tyf ck|sflzt sljtf k7fpg'kg]{5 . k|ltof]lutfdf k|yd x'g] sljn] Ps xhf/ 8n/ gub k'/:sf/ k|fKt ug]{5g\ . ;f] /flz sljtf k|luof]lutfsf] clxn];Dds} 7"nf] /flz ePsf] bfaL cfof]hssf] 5 . k|ltof]lutfsf nflu g]kfndf ;Dk"0f{ Joj:yf slj ljZjljdf]xg >]i7sf] ;+of]hsTjdf ul7t g]kfn RofK6/n] ug]{5 . k|lti7fgn] k|To]s jif{ k|ltof]lutfdf k|yd x'g] sljsf] Pp6f ;ª\u|x;d]t k|sflzt ul/lbg] /fptn] hgfP .

;f]xL cj;/df k|lti7fgn] o; jif{ cGt/f{li6«o dlxnf ;flxTo ;Dd]ng;d]t ug]{ ePsf] 5 . /fptsf] ;+of]hsTjdf ;Ltf kf08] / gLnd sfsL{ ;b:o /x]sf] ;ldlt;d]t u7g ePsf] /fptn] atfP . ;f] sfo{qmddf ;xeflutfsf nflu g]kfnaf6 ;d]t g]kfnL ;|i6fx¿nfO{ cfdlGqt ul/g] pgn] atfP .


uf]ª\ua'df Pdfn] ulh{of]

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ -Pdfn]_ sf7df8f}“ lhNnfsf] ;Dd]ngkZrft\ Ô]qLo:t/sf clwj]zgx¿ klg wdfwd ;DkGg eO/x]sf 5g\ . sf7df8f}“ Ô]q gDa/–^ df klg Ô]qLo ;Dd]ngkl5 ufp“ zfvf:t/Lo clwj]zgx¿ ePsf 5g\ .

Ô]q gDa/–^ cGtu{t uf]ª\ua' zfvfsf] clwj]zg xfn} ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . uf]ª\ua' Pdfn] ;Dd]ng cfof]hs sld6Lsf ;+of]hs zDe' kf08]sf] cWoÔtfdf ;DkGg clwj]zgsf] k|d'v cltlydf lhNnf ;b:o ltns ;'g'jf/ x'g'x'GYof] . clwj]zgdf lhNnf ;b:o k[YjL/fh /fO{, ;NNffxsf/ 1fgdfg gsdL{, Ô]qLo cWoÔ k|sfz clwsf/L, ;lrj s[i0f clwsf/L, Ô]qLo ;x;lrj nIdL lji6, Ô]qLo ;b:ox¿ k|]d/fh l;njfn, zdz]/axfb'/ ufOh', /fdafa' ltldlN;gfnufotn] z'esfdgf lbPsf lyP .

clwj]zgn] 1fgdfg gsdL{sf] cWoÔtfdf @! ;b:oLo sld6Lsf] rog u/]sf] 5 . pkfWoÔdf /fs]zl;+x dxh{g, ;lrjdf lszf]/ jGt, ;x;lrjdf zfGtf /fO{ /xg'ePsf] 5 eg] ;b:ox¿df Zofdnfn dxh{g, cd/ s'“j/, dx]z yklnof, kfj{tL kf7s -l;njfn_ nufot x'g'x'G5 .

To;}u/L, uf]ª\ua's} ahf/ zfvfsf] klg clwj]zg ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . lhNnf ;b:o k[YjL/fh /fO{sf] d'Vo cfltYodf ;DkGg ;Dd]ngsf] ;efkltTj k|sfz e§/fO{n] u/]sf lyP . o;}aLr, sf7df8f}“s} ;fª\nf ufp“ ljsf; ;ldltdf Pdfn] sfo{stf{ e]nf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . e]nfdf Ô]qLo cWoÔ k|sfz clwsf/L, ;lrj s[i0f clwsf/L, Ô]qLo ;b:ox¿ k|]d/fh l;njfn, /fdafa' ltldlN;gf, ;'jf;rGb| aL;L cflbsf] ;xeflutf lyof] . e]nfdf ;fª\nf ufp“sf :yfgLo g]tfx¿ uf]kfn ;fksf]6f, zDe' sfsL{nufotsf] ;xeflutf lyof] .


clvnåf/f cfly{s ax; k|f/De

sf7df8f}“ . d'n's ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] P]ltxfl;s sfo{df h'l6/x]sf a]nf cg]/f:jljo'n] /fli6«o ax;sf] k|f/De u/]sf] 5 . a[xt\ z}lIfs ;Dd]ngsf] tof/Ldf h'l6/x]sf] clvnn] …;d[4 g]kfn lgdf{0f / cfly{s cfwf/x¿Ú ljifodf /fli6«o ax; ;'? u/]sf] 5 .

lqe'jg ljZjljBfno cl86f]l/od xndf cfof]lht Ps ;df/f]xsf aLr g]skf -Pdfn]_sf jl/i7 g]tf Pjd\ k"j{k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] /fli6«o ax;sf] pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . k"j{cy{dGqLåo 8f= /fdz/0f dxt, 8f= k|sfzrGb| nf]xgL / PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf ;lrj ;LkL uh'/]nn] ax;df efu lng'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf lqe'jg ljZjljBfno s]Gb|Lo SofDk;sf k|d'v 8f= dx]z bfxfnn] /fli6«o ax;sf] ljifodfly sfo{kq k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;f] cj;/df ljZjljBfno cy{zf:q ljefusf k|d'v ?b|/fh pkfWofon] cfkm\gf] egfO /fVg'ePsf] lyof]] .

ljBfyL{ cfGbf]ngnfO{ 9'ª\uf / 6fo/sf] kof{osf ¿kdf dfq} cYof{pg] ul/Psf a]nf clvnn] u/]sf] ;f] sfo{qmdsf] jQmfx¿n] k|z+;f u/]sf lyP . pgLx¿n] /fli6«o ax;sf] k|f/De u/]/ clvnn] /rgfTds sfdsf] ;'?cft u/]sf] atfPsf lyP . cWoIf dfwj 9'ª\u]nsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng dxf;lrj lszf]/ljqmd dNn / ;xefuLnfO{ ;lrj ;/f]h ofbjn] :jfut u/]sf lyP . clvnn] of] ax;nfO{ b]zJofkL ¿kdf ;~rfng ug]{ hgfPsf] 5 .


df5fk'R5«]åf/f ;xof]u

sf7df8f}“ . df5fk'R5«] a}ª\s lnld6]8n] ;+:yfut ;fdflhs pQ/bfloTjcGtu{t g]kfn g]qHof]lt ;ª\3dftxt e/tk'/ lrtjgdf ;~rflnt …e/tk'/ cf“vf c:ktfnÚnfO{ sl/a b'O{ nfva/fa/sf] sDKo'6/ / lk|G6/ pknAw u/fPsf] 5 . a}ª\sn] xfn} Ps ;df/f]xsf aLr a}ª\ssf k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t efOsfhL >]i7dfkm{t ;f] pks/0fx¿ c:ktfn ;~rfng ;ldltsf cWoIfnfO{ x:tfGt/0f ug'{ePsf] xf] .

o;}u/L, a}ª\sn] ;+:yfut ;fdflhs pQ/bfloTjcGtu{t kf]v/fsf] k|l;4 wfld{s:yn ljGbjfl;gL dlGb/df Ps eJo kfs{sf] lgdf{0f ug]{ tyf nlntk'/ gu/kflnsf–# df lqk'/f;'Gb/L dlGb/ lgdf{0f sfo{df pNn]Vo cfly{s ;xof]u u/]sf] 5 . o; a}ª\sn] ;+:yfut ;fdflhs pQ/bfloTjcGtu{t g} b]zdf ljleGg ;dodf af9Lklx/f] tyf cfunfuL kLl8tx¿sf] /fxtsf nflu ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg'sf ;fy} g]kfn clw/fHoe/ 5l/P/ /x]sf cfkm\gf zfvf sfof{nox¿dfkm{t b]zsf] ;fdflhs, cflYf{s, z}lIfs tyf v]ns'bnufotsf If]qsf] ljsf;df pNn]Vo of]ubfg ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .

xfn o; a}ª\sn] g]kfn clw/fHoe/ 5l/P/ /x]sf] cfkm\gf] #( j6f …km"n km\n]H8 a}ª\lsªÚ ;]jf lbg] zfvfx¿ / %& j6f P6LPdx¿af6 cfkm\gf sl/a ! nfv %) xhf/ u|fxsx¿nfO{ cfw'lgs tyf e/kbf]{ a}ª\lsª ;]jf pknAw u/fp“b} cfPsf] 5 . o; a}ª\sn] u|fxsx¿nfO{ :t/Lo tyf cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] ;]jf pknAw u/fpg g]kfn tyf ef/tsf ;a} P6LPdx¿af6 /sd l´Sg ;lsg] tyf cfkm\gf] cfjZostf cg';f/sf] ;dfg vl/b ug{;Sg] ;'ljwf;d]tsf …PdaLPn le;f sf8{Úsf] ;]jf pknAw u/fO/x]sf] 5 eg] lgs6 eljiodf g} cGt/f{l6«o:t/sf] qm]l86 sf8{ lgisf;gsf] tof/L ul//x]sf] a}ª\sn] hgfPsf] 5 .


zflGt / ;+ljwfgdf hf]8

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ vf]6fª–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rsf] cfof]hgfdf zlgaf/ …zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf nflu @)^*Ú ljifos ljrf/ uf]i7L sfo{qmd ;DkGg eof] . Pdfn] kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o ci6nIdL zfSosf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf gof“ jif{sf] z'esfdgf cfbfgk|bfg tyf Sofn]G8/ ljt/0f ug]{ sfo{qmd klg ul/Psf] lyof] .

sfo{qmddf ljrf/ uf]i7Ldf Pdfn] /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf ;b:oåo /d]z /fO{ / xl/s'df/ kf]v/]n, ;u/dfyf c~rn ;dGjo sld6L ;b:o s0f{ 3n], ;u/dfyf c~rn ;Dks{ sld6L cWoIf e/t yfkf, pkfWoIf jL/jnsfhL /fO{, ;lrj ;'/]Gb|s'df/ af]u6L / ;ef;b\ piffsnf /fO{n] cf–cfkm\gf] egfO /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . d~rsf cWoIf adaxfb'/ vqLsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;lrj nLnf /fO{n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


Jofj;flos kqsf/x¿sf ;femf k|lta4tf

sf7df8f“} . cfh ;DkGg x'g] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] @#cf}“ dxflwj]zgdf cfkm\gf pDd]bjf/x¿sf] lht ;'lglZrt ug{sf nflu Jofj;flos ;d"xn] ^ a'“b] ;femf k|lta4tf cufl8 NofPsf] 5 . k]|; rf}tf/L g]kfnsf cWoIf uug lji6 / qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;ª\3sf cWoIf dx]Zj/ bfxfnn] x:tfIf/ ug'{ePsf] ;f] k|lta4tf M

!= >dhLjL kqsf/x¿sf] Jofj;flos / ef}lts ;'/Iffsf lglDt lqmofzLn x'g' g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] clxn]sf] d'Vo sfd xf] . g]kfnel/ lqmofzLn sl/a cf7 xhf/ >dhLjL kqsf/dWo] 7"nf] ;ª\Vofn] clxn] klg lgo'lQmkqlagf sfd ul//x]sf] 5 . lgo'lQmkq lnP/ sfd ul//x]sfdWo] klg 7"nf] ;ª\Vofn] Go"gtd kfl/>lds;d]t kfpg g;s]sf] cj:yf 5 . t;y{, o; ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfgsf nflu sfg'gdf ;'wf/ / sfof{Gjogdf k|efjsf/L pkfo cjnDag ug{ h?/L 5 . >dhLjL kqsf/ sfg'g ;+zf]wg u/]/ >dhLjLd}qL agfpg'k5{ / dxf;ª\3n] >dhLjL kqsf/nfO{ sfg'gL pkrf/ vf]Hg;d]t ;xof]u ug]{ :yfoL ;+oGq lgdf{0f ug{' cfjZos 5 eGg] dfGotf /fV5f}“ . To;}u/L, clxn] ;dfhdf b]lvPsf] b08xLgtflj?4 n8\b} Pstfa4 eP/ kqsf/sf] ef}lts ;'/Iffsf nflu ;/sf/L lgsfonfO{ bafa lbg] /0fgLlt to ug{'k5{ eGg] xfd|f] 7x/ 5 .

@= k|]; tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf] /Iffsf nflu n8\g] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3 cu|b:tf xf] . of] nf]stGqsf] k|f0f xf] . o;sf] cefjdf /fHo Joj:yf nf]stflGqs x'g ;Sb}g . ;dfhdf ;"rgf k|jfx, ljrf/ lgdf{0f / :j:y cfnf]rgfsf] ;+:s[lt x'sf{pg k|]; tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtf clgjfo{ 5 . hglgoGq0f, hgx:tIf]k / hglgu/fgLsf nflu k|];sf] e"ldsf clgjfo{ 5 . To;}n] k|]; tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf] cefjdf d'n'sdf h'g;'s} a]nf clwgfosjfbn] hGd lng ;Sg] vt/f /xG5 . To;}n] k|]; tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtf Jofj;flos kqsf/sfx¿sf nflu ;Demf}tfxLg ljifo xf] . ;dfhnfO{ nf]stflGqs dfu{df lx“8fpg klg o;sf] /Iff clgjfo{ 5 . To;}n] o;sf] cIf'0ftfsf] ;+j4{g ug{' g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] clgjfo{ bfloTj xf] eGg]df xfdL k|:6 5f}“ .

#= g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] jt{dfg ;+/rgfnfO{ nf]stflGqs u0ftGqfTds zf;g Joj:yf ;'xfp“bf] agfpg' h?/L 5 . To;sf/0f dxf;ª\3sf] k'gM;+/rgf clxn]sf] Pp6f d'Vo ljifo xf] . dxf;ª\3nfO{ ca ;ª\3Lo /fHodf ag]sf kqsf/ ;ª\3x¿sf] dxf;ª\3 agfpg'k5{ . o;df ljwfut If]qsf P;f]l;P6 ;+:yfx¿nfO{ klg ;dfj]z ug{ ;lsG5 . d'n's ;ª\3Lo zf;g Joj:yfdf uPkl5 lgdf{0f x'g] ;ª\3 / P;f]l;P6 ;+:yfx¿sf ;b:ox¿n] ug]{ k|ToIf lgjf{rg k|0ffnLaf6 dxf;ª\3sf] g]t[Tj lgdf{0f ug]{ k2ltsf] :yfkgf h?/L 5 . To;kl5 dfq} dlxnf, dw];L, cflbjf;L hghflt, blnt, lk5l8Psf If]qnufotsf ;d'bfosf] cfjfh dxf;ª\3leq k|efjsf/L x'G5 eGg] xfd|f] 7x/ 5 .

$= dxflwj]zgdf h'l6/x]sf] o; 38Ldf ax;df cfpg}kg]{ dxŒjk"0f{ ljifo lgi7fk"0f{ kqsfl/tf klg xf] . kqsfl/tf k];fsf] dof{bfk|lt ;dfhdf ldl>t b[li6sf]0f /x]sf] oyfy{ n's]sf] 5}g . kqsfl/tf k];f lhDd]jf/ / pQ/bfoL x'g g;ls/x]sf] cfnf]rgf klg a]nf–a]nfdf ;'lgG5 . clxn] klg kqsf/x¿ s] ;dfrf/ n]v] eGg] cfwf/df eGbf klg s;/L n]v] eGg] cfwf/df w]/} hf]lvd df]Ng afWo 5g\ . t;y{, ;dfhdf o; k];fsf] ul/df a9fpg, /fHo Joj:yfnfO{ lhDd]jf/, pQ/bfoL / hgd'vL agfpg kqsfl/tf k];fdf lgi7fsf] vf]hL ug{ l9nfO ug{' x'Gg . ;dfh abNg] cleofg k"/f ug{ / k];fsf] ul/df pRr agfpg lgi7fk"0f{, lhDd]jf/ / pQ/bfoL kqsfl/tfaf6 dfq ;Dej 5 eGg] xfd|f] lgisif{ 5 .

%= ldl8ofdf nufgLd}qL jftfj/0fsf] lgdf{0f csf]{ dxŒjk"0f{ ljifo xf] . cfd;~rf/ If]qsf] ljsf;sf nflu o; If]qdf k'“hL h?/L 5 . t/, o:tf] nufgLsf] kf/bzL{tfaf6 dfq} ;DkfbsLo :jtGqtfsf] /Iff ;Dej x'G5 . To;}n] kf/bzL{ nufgL a9fP/ kqsfl/tf If]qsf] ljsf;df 6]jf glbP;Dd o; If]qdf yk /f]huf/Lsf] cj:yf l;h{gf x'g ;Sb}g . k|lt:kwL{ ahf/sf] cefjdf >dhLjL kqsf/n] yk cj;/x¿ kfpg ;Dej /xGg . t;y{, nufgL / /f]huf/Lsf cj;/ l;h{gf ug{df ;3fpg' dxf;ª\3sf] csf]{ lhDd]jf/L xf] eGg] xfd|f] 7x/ 5 .

^= ;fgf] nufgLdf ;~rfng eO/x]sf kqklqsf / /]l8of]x¿sf] ;+/If0f ug{sf nflu klg dxf;ª\3n] cu|0fL e"ldsf lgjf{x ug'{kb{5 . ha;Dd ldl8ofdf ljljwtf / ax'ntf x'Gg, ta;Dd ;dfh ;f“lRrs} ;';"lrt x'g ;Sb}g . lj1fkg, ahf/ / Jofkf/ :jfy{sf sf/0f sltko cj:yfdf …skf]{/]6Ú kqsfl/tf hglxteGbf klg Jofkf/–:jfy{df clNemg k'Ug;Sg] cj:yfnfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ klg o:tf ;fgf nufgLsf cfd;~rf/ dfWodsf] ;'/Iff ug'{ h?/L 5 . o;sf nflu ;/sf/L lj1fkgsf] ;dfg'kflts ljt/0f / nf]ssNof0fsf/L lj1fkgsf] k|of]udf kf/blz{tf NofP/ ;~rf/dfWod nfeflGjt x'g] jftfj/0f tof/ ug{ h?/L 5 . To;}u/L ;/sf/n] Wofg glbPsf] / lghL If]qn] gfkmf gx'g] eg]/ jf:tf gu/]sf] If]qdf lqmofzLn ;fgf nufgLsf /]l8of]x¿sf] ;+/If0f gu/] ufp“–ufp“df nf]stGqsf] ;Gb]z k'¥ofpg] dfWod xfdL;“u x'g] 5}gg\ eGg]df xfdL ;r]t 5f}“ .


If]qLo sld6L u7g

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf Pdfn] /fd]5fk–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rn] If]qLo sld6L u7g u/]sf] 5 . ;'efifrGb| vqLsf] cWoIftfdf If]q gDa/–! sf] sld6L u7g ul/Psf] 5 . pkfWoIfdf >Laxfb'/ a:g]t, ;lrj tLy{ v8\sf, ;x;lrj /d]z bfxfn, sf]iffWoIfdf dxf/fgL sfsL{ ;b:ox¿df ;/f]h u'/fufO{+, ljdn kf}8]n, lgn l3ld/], hgs v8\sf, gf/fo0f >]i7 / nfnaxfb'/ tfdfª /x]sf 5g .

o;}u/L If]q gDa/–@ sf] ;ftf}“ ;Dd]ngn] gljg >]i7sf] cWoIftfdf P3f/ ;b:oLo sld6L u7g u/]sf] 5 . h;cGtu{t pkfWoIf /d]z s];L, ;lrj /ljGb| e08f/L -k|df]b_, pk;lrj 5lndfof >]i7, sf]iffWoIf lxdfg >]i7, ;b:ox¿ lg/fhg a'9fyf]sL, dLgk|;fb uf}td, ljdnf e08f/L, hLjg nf]xf/, /fds'df/ >]i7, dLgk|;fb uf}td 5g\ .

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