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d'Vo ;dfrf/
 
u0ftflGqs g]kfnsf] ;aeGbf 7"nf] dlGqd08n
b]pjfeGbf b'O{ sd, j}B kIfnfO{ k"0f{ pk]Iff

sf7df8f}“ . u0ftflGqs g]kfnsf k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] ;a}eGbf hDaf] dlGqkl/ifb\ agfP/ gof“ sLlt{dfg sfod u/]sf 5g\ . )^@÷)^# sf] hgcfGbf]ngkl5 lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf, k'iksdn bfxfn, dfwjs'df/ g]kfn / emngfy vgfn g]t[Tjdf ag]sf ;/sf/nfO{ lgs} kl5 kfb}{ pgn] lxhf];Dddf $^ ;b:oLo dlGqkl/ifb\ lgdf{0f u/]sf 5g\ , h'g cem} a9\g] lglZrt 5 .

g]kfnsf] Oltxf;df tgTsfnLg k|wfgdGqL z]/axfb'/ b]pjfn] $* ;b:oLo dlGqkl/ifb\ agfPsf lyP . b]pjfs} xf/fxf/Ldf k'Ubf klg pgL cfkm"nfO{ cem} ldtJooLsf ?kdf k|rf/ ub}{ /dfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . lxhf] kf“rf}“ k6s dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ ub}{ dlGqkl/ifb\ ;b:osf] ;ª\Vof $^ k'¥ofPkl5 )%@ ;fndf g]kfnL sfª\u]|;sf] g]t[Tjdf ag]sf] ;+o'Qm ;/sf/df b]pjfn] agfPsf] eGbf jt{dfg dlGqkl/ifb\ ;b:osf] ;ª\Vof b'O{ sd ag]sf] xf] .

b]pjf g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/df eGbf b'O{hgf dfq sd eP klg kl5Nnf] lj:tf/;d]t /IffdGqLsf] sf]6f vfnL g} 5 . dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d -nf]stflGqs_ sf] efudf k/]sf] ;f] dGqfno o;cl3 dGqL ag]sf z/tl;+x e08f/LnfO{ /fli6«otflj/f]wL cleJolQm lbPsf sf/0f avf{:t ul/Psf] lyof] . e08f/Lsf] avf{:tLkl5 pgsf] kf6L{n] gof“ JolQm l;kmfl/; ug{ g;s]sfn] pQm kb l/Qm /x]sf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{n] lxhf] & dGqL / !( /fHodGqLsf] zky u/fPsf x'g\ . To;dWo] dfcf]jfbLsf ^ dGqL / !) /fHodGqL 5g\ eg] ;b\efjgf kf6L{ -cfgGbLb]jL_ sL ;l/tf lu/L;lxt dw];L df]rf{sf ( hgf /fHodGqLn] zky lnPsf 5g\ .

clxn];Ddsf k|wfgdGqLdWo] ;a}eGbf hDaf] :jsLo ;lrjfno agfP/ /fHosf]ifsf] b'?kof]udf /]s8{ agfPsf e§/fO{n] hDaf] dlGqkl/ifb\ agfP/ csf]{ /]s8{ sfod u/]sf 5g\ . e§/fO{ g]t[Tjsf] dlGqkl/ifb\sf] cfsf/ / pgsf] ;lrjfnodf b]lvPsf] sfo{stf{ etL{s]Gb|n] d':tfª DofS; uf8Lsf] pgsf] k|rf/afhLnfO{ /fd|};“u luHofPsf] 5 . )^@÷)^# sf] hgcfGbf]ngkl5 ;a}eGbf sd /fhgLlts bnaLrsf] ;dLs/0fdf ag]sf] ;/sf/ g} jt{dfg e§/fO{ g]t[Tj ;/sf/ xf] . kl/jt{gnuQ} ag]sf] lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/df Pdfn]–dfcf]jfbLnufotsf bn ;xefuL lyP . To;kl5 dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfns} g]t[Tjdf ag]sf] ;/sf/df g]kfnL sfª\u]|; k|ltkIfdf eP klg Pdfn], dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d, ;b\efjgfnufot cGo ;fgf jfdkGyL bn klg ;xefuL lyP . t/, To;a]nf klg olt 7"nf] cfsf/sf] dlGqd08n ag]sf] lyPg . Tolt dfq xf]Og, Pdfn]sf jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfnsf] g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/ @@ /fhgLlts bnsf] ;dy{gdf @@ lt/ kms]{sf /fhgLlts bnnfO{ ldnfpg'kg]{ cK7\of/f]sf aLr klg g]kfnn] dlGqkl/ifb\sf ;b:osf] ;ª\Vof $@ g3fpg'ePsf] lyPg . To;kl5 Pdfn]s} cWoIf emngfy vgfn g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/df klg #& hgf dfq dGqL lyP . t/, dw];L df]rf{;“u dfq u7aGwg u/]/ lgdf{0f ePsf] e§/fO{ ;/sf/n] )^@÷)^# sf] kl/jt{gkl5s} 7"nf] dlGqd08n agfP/ gof“ /]s8{ /fv]sf 5g\ . slt;Dd eg], Pshgf dfq ;ef;b\ /x]sf] kf6L{nfO{ klg pgn] dlGqkl/ifb\df ;xefuL u/fPsf 5g\ .

cgf}7f] dw]; elQm

k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{n] dw];nfO{ l/emfpg s'g} s;/ af“sL /fv]sf 5}gg\ . k|wfgdGqL aGg'cl3 ax'dtsf] k|wfgdGqL alGbg“ eg]/ ;fj{hlgs sfo{qmdd} …s;dÚ vf“b} lx“8]sf pgL ax'dtsf] k|wfgdGqLsf nflu h] klg ug{ tof/ t eP g} Tof] klg …dw]; elQmÚsf vflt/ . dw];sf !) xhf/ o'jfnfO{ g]kfnL ;]gfdf k|j]z u/fpg] ;t{df k|wfgdGqL ag]sf e§/fO{n] u[x, /Iff, ;~rf/nufotsf zlQmzfnL dflgg] dGqfno klg dw];LnfO{ g} ;'Dk]sf lyP .

$^ ;b:oLo hDaf] dlGqd08ndf pgsf] kf6L{af6 @@ hgf ;dfj]z 5g\ eg] af“sL @^ hgf dGqL dw];L df]rf{sf g} 5g\ . dfcf]jfbLs} @@ hgf dGqLdWo] ;fdfGo k|zf;gdGqL /fds'df/ ofbj, :yfgLo ljsf; /fHodGqL 3gZofd ofbj / e"ld;'wf/ /fHodGqL Hjfnf ;fx dw];s} x'g\ . ef/ts} ;xof]udf jt{dfg ;/sf/ u7g ;Dej x'g', k|wfgdGqL :jod\sf] ef/tk|lt lgs6tf /xg', ef/ts} lgb]{zgdf rNg] dw];L df]rf{;“u dfq u7aGwg aGg' / dw];nfO{ g} k|fyldstf lbP/ dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ ug'{nfO{ ;+of]u dfq dfGg g;lsg] ljZn]if0f ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . Pshgf dfq ;ef;b\ /x]sf] kf6L{ ;b\efjgf -cfgGbLb]jL_ sL cWoIf ;l/tf lu/LnfO{ klg e§/fO{n] >d tyf oftfoft dGqL agfPsf 5g\ eg] dw];L df]rf{leqsf k|efjzfnL dflgg] ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf cWoIf /fh]Gb| dxtf]sf] lj/f]wsf afah'b klg pgL;“u km'6]/ gof“ kf6L{ u7g u/]sf clgns'df/ emfnfO{ o;cl3 g} pBf]udGqL agfPsf lyP .

j}Bsf] lj/f]w

cfkm\g} kf6L{sf pkfWoIf 8f= e§/fO{ g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/nfO{ …/fi6«3ftLÚsf] ;+1f lb“b} cfPsf] csf{ pkfWoIf df]xg j}B ;d"xn] lxhf]sf] dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/k|lt klg tLj| c;Gt'li6 hgfPsf] 5 . …of] ;/sf/sf] u7g k|lqmof;“u g} xfd|f] c;xdlt ePsfn] s;nfO{ dGqL agfof] jf agfPg eGg] 7"nf] ljifo g} xf]Og,Ú j}B ;d"xsf g]tf b]j u'?ªn] eg]– …t/ s'g} 5nkmn / k/fdz{ g} ul/Pg, Tof] cfklQsf] ljifo xf] . dw];L df]rf{;“u ePsf] rf/a'“b] ;xdltk|lt cfklQ hgfp“b} j}B ;d"xn] ;/sf/df ;xeflutf hgfPsf] 5}g . j}B ;d"xnfO{ klg dGqfno af“8kmf“6 u/]/ 5'§ØfOP klg / dlxgf}“ kv{+bf klg gcfPkl5 k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{n] lxhf] cWoIf bfxfn / cfkm\gf kIfsfnfO{ lnP/ dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ u/]sf x'g\ .

df}sf ldnfP/ lj:tf/

k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{n] dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ ubf{ ;dosf] lgSs} Vofn u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . Ps t cWoIf bfxfn cd]l/sf zo/df /x]sf] a]nf Tof] sfd u/]sf 5g\ eg] cfkm" klg gof“ dGqLnfO{ zky v'jfPsf] s]xL 3G6f glaTb} dflNbE;lt/ p8]sf 5g\ . cd]l/sf hfg'cl3 cWoIf bfxfnn] j}B kIf;“u ;Nnfx u/]/ lj:tf/ ug'{ eGg] cg'dlt k|wfgdGqLnfO{ lbPsf] atfOG5 . t/, e§/fO{n] j}B;“u k/fdz{ g} u/]gg\ . To;f] t cWoIf bfxfn;lxt a;]/ k|wfgdGqLn] dGqL aGg]x¿sf] gfd 6'ª\UofPsf] bfaL ;|f]tsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/ dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/af/] cfufdL s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7sdf ufndf gkg{ cWoIfn] cfkm" aflx/ uPsf] df}sf 5f]Kg nufPsf x'g\ . dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/kl5 kf6L{leq cfkm\g} ;d"xaf6 klg lj/f]w x'g ;Sg] ePsfn] dflNbE; hfg' s]xL 3G6fcl3 gof“ dGqLsf] zky v'jfOPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 .

cfkm\g}leq c;Gt'li6

lxhf] ePsf] dlGqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/k|lt dfcf]jfbLleqsf] bfxfn–e§/fO{ ;d"xn] g} leqleq c;Gt'li6 hgfPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . dGqL x'g gkfpg]n] t c;Gt'li6 kf]Vg] g} eP, lxhf] dGqL ePsfn] klg c;Gt'li6 hgfPsf 5g\ . o'jf tyf v]ns'b /fHodGqL ag]sf uf]kLnfn c5fdLn] cfkm"nfO{ lzIff /fHodGqL lbg] elgPsf] t/ em'SofP/ o'jf tyf v]ns'b /fHodGqLsf] zky v'jfPsf] atfO;s]sf 5g\ . cfkm"eGbf slgi7 dGqLsf] /fHodGqL agfOPsf] eGb} pgn] c;Gt'li6 hgfPsf x'g\ . o'jf tyf v]ns'b dGqL u0f]zdfg k'gsL >LdtL sdnf /f]Ssf l5g\ .

To:t}, ko{6g tyf gful/s p8\8og dGqL lbnLk dxh{g klg ;Gt'i6 gePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . /fHo ;ldltsf sNkgf wdnf, ;Tof kxf8L / sdnf /f]sfnfO{ dGqL agfOPsf] 5 eg] kf6L{leqsf k'/fgf g]tf dxh{g ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltdf 5g\ . Tolt dfq xf]Og, /fHo ;ldlt txsf JolQmnfO{ Soflag]6 dGqL agfP/ g/fd|f] ;+:sf/ a;flnPsf] eGb} dfcf]jfbL d'Vofno k]l/;8f“8flt/ rrf{ rNg yfn]sf] 5 . dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tn] eGof]– …s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt ;b:onfO{ dfq Soflag]6 dGqL agfpg] ;+:sf/ eTsfP/ unt k/Dk/fsf] yfngL ul/Psf] 5, ca t h;n] klg dGqLsf nflu bfaL ug]{ 9f]sf v'n]sf] 5, h'g bfaL Joj:yfkg ug{ cfufdL lbgdf g]t[TjnfO{ g} sl7g kg]{5 .Ú

bfxfn g} xfjL

$^ ;b:oLo dlGqkl/ifb\df dfcf]jfbLleq cWoIf bfxfn g} xfjL ePsf 5g\ . dfcf]jfbLsf @@ hgf dGqLdWo] bfxfn kIfsf !^ hgf 5g\ eg] e§/fO{sf ^ hgf dfq . lxhf] zky vfg]dWo] e"ld;'wf/ tyf Joj:yfdGqL eLdk|;fb uf}td, lj1fg tyf k|ljlwdGqL sNkgf wdnf, e"ld;'wf/ tyf Joj:yf /fHodGqL Hjfnf ;fx, :yfgLo ljsf; /fHodGqL 3gZofd ofbj / lzIff /fHodGqL lnnf e08f/L dfq e§/fO{ lgs6 x'g\ .

wf]sf lbg] klg dGqL

x'g t /fhgLltdf sf]xL :yfoL zq' jf ldq x'“b}g elgG5 . t/, 7"nf] ;ª\s6sf a]nf ;fy ;xof]u lbPsf] dfG5]n] wf]sf lb“bf hlt kL8f c¿ s]xL x'“b}g . olt nfdf] /fhgLlts hLjgdf jt{dfg k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{nfO{ cfkm\gf] sf]6/Lsf Pshgf dfq s;}n] wf]vf lbPsf] 5 eg] tL x'g\– kf6L{ k|jQmf bLgfgfy zdf{ . pg} zdf{nfO{ dg s'“8\ofP/} eP klg e§/fO{nfO{ sf/afxL u/]/ dfcf]jfbLs} lx/f;tdf /fVbf zdf{nfO{ klg ;“u} /flvPsf] lyof] . zflGt k|lqmofdf cfPkl5 klg ;'?sf] ;dodf e§/fO{ lsQfd} plePsf zdf{n] ut jif{ kfn'ª6f/ a}7ssf a]nfdf ;d]t cfkm"nfO{ e§/fO{s} SofDkdf pEofPsf lyP . t/, kl5Nnf] k6s Ps 6]lnlehgdf ePsf] nufgL ljjfbsf sf/0f zdf{ cWoIf bfxfnsf] SofDkdf hfg afWo ePsf] atfOG5 .

km'lG6jfª a}7saf6} sf/afxLdf k/]sf sNkgf wdnf klg dGqL ePsL 5g\ . pgsf klt b]j]Gb| k/fh'nL kl5Nnf] ;dodf e§/fO{;“u 6fl9“b} uPkl5 pgnfO{ kmsf{pg}s} nflu k|wfgdGqLs} hf]8andf wdnfnfO{ dGqL agfOPsf atfOG5 .

hDaf] dlGqd08n

!= 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ – k|wfgdGqL

@= ljhos'df/ uR5bf/ – pkk|wfgdGqL, u[x / /Iff

#= gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7 – pkk|wfgdGqL, k//fi6«

dGqL

$= hok|sfzk|;fb u'Ktf – ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/

%= x[bo]z lqkf7L – ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0f

^= kf]i6axfb'/ af]u6L – pmhf{

&= 6f]kaxfb'/ /fodfemL – :yfgLo ljsf;

*= /fh]Gb| dxtf] – :jf:Yo tyf hg;ª\Vof

(= jif{dfg k'g – cy{

!)= bLgfgfy zdf{ – lzIff

!!= dx]Gb|k|;fb ofbj – l;“rfO

!@= nf]s]Gb| lji6 du/ – ko{6g tyf gful/s p8\8og

!# uf]kfn ls/f“tL – ;ª\3Lo dfldnf, ;+ljwfg;ef, ;+;bLo Joj:yf tyf ;+:s[lt

!$= n]v/fh e§ – jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{

!%= eLdk|;fb uf}td – e"ld;'wf/ tyf Joj:yf

!^= /fds'df/ ofbj – ;fdfGo k|zf;g

!&= clgns'df/ emf – pBf]u

!*= j[h]zs'df/ u'Ktf – sfg'g tyf Gofo

!(= x]d/fh tft]8 – jftfj/0f

@)= gGbgs'df/ bQ – s[lif tyf ;xsf/L

@!= sdnf /f]sf – o'jf tyf v]ns'b

@@= /fhjnfn ofbj – sfo{ef/ kl5 tf]lsg]

@#= d'xDdb jlsn d';ndfg – jg tyf e";+/If0f

@$= bfgaxfb'/ s'dL{ rf}w/L – dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfhsNof0f

@%= ;l/tf lu/L – >d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf

@^= sNkgf wdnf – lj1fg tyf k|ljlw

@&= ;Tof kxf8L– zflGt tyf k'gMlgdf{0f

/fHodGqL

@*= /fdaRrg clx/ -ofbj_ – /Iff

@(= ;/f]hs'df/ ofbj – :jf:Yo tyf hg;ª\Vof

#)= lbnLk dxh{g – ko{6g tyf gful/s p8\8og

#!= lji0f' rf}w/L – jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{

#@= ;"o{dfg bf]ª – pmhf{

##= nLnf e08f/L – lzIff

#$= uf]kL c5fdL – o'jf tyf v]ns'b

#%= 3gZofd ofbj – :yfgLo ljsf;

#^= Hjfnf ;fx – e"ld;'wf/ tyf Joj:yf

#&= ;'ifdf zdf{– ;ª\3Lo dfldnf, ;+ljwfg;ef, ;+;bLo Joj:yf, Joj:yf tyf ;+:s[lt

#*= xl/ v]jf lnDa" – cy{

#(= ;'lgtfs'df/L dxtf] – ;fdfGo k|zf;g

$)= eLd/fh rf}w/L /fhj+zL – u[x

$!= nId0f dxtf] – jg tyf e";+/If0f

$@= b'uf{b]jL dxtf] -wfg's_ – jftfj/0f

$#= >LdtL sfzLb]jL emf – sfg'g tyf Gofo

$$= O{Zj/bofn ld>– ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0f

$%= c/ljGb ;fx – dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfh sNof0f

$^= /d0fL /fd – l;“rfO


/fhb"tdf Psnf}6L k|:tfj
sfª\u]|;–Pdfn]åf/f lj/f]w

sf7df8f}“ . /fli6«o ;xdltsf nflu ljZjf;sf] jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{ a]nf ;/sf/n] Psnf}6L ¿kdf /fhb"t lgo'lQm k|:tfj cl3 a9fPsf] 5 .

s'g} klg /fi6«sf lglDt lgs} ;+j]bgzLn dflgg] s"6gLlts b"tdf dfcf]jfbL ;/sf/n] Psnf}6L ¿kdf lgo'lQm k|:tfj u/]sf]df c¿ bnn] lj/f]w hgfPsf 5g\ . g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf cTolws k|efj /fVg] pQ/L l5d]sL rLgdf 8f= dx]z df:s] / ef/tdf dfcf]jfbL kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o ;'/]Gb|axfb'/ -/fd_ sfsL{nfO{ k|:tfj ul/Psf] 5 . ;+o'Qm c/a Old/]6\; -o"PO{_sf nflu k|:tfj ul/Psf wg~ho emfsf] gfddf cfklQ 5}g . t/, rLg / ef/tdf ul/Psf] lgo'lQm k|:tfjk|lt eg] k|d'v bn g]skf -Pdfn]_ / sfª\u]|;n] c;Gt'li6 k|s6 u/]sf 5g\ . sfsL{ k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{lgs6sf ¿kdf lrlgG5g\ eg] df:s] k//fi6«dGqL gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7;“u} Pstfs]Gb|af6 dfcf]jfbLdf k|j]z u/]sf x'g\ . pgL lul//fhdl0f kf]v/]n :jf:YodGqL x'“bf pgsf ;Nnfxsf/ lyP . emf k//fi6«sf jl/i7td ;x;lrj x'g\ .

nfdf] ;dob]lv dgd'6fjdf /x]sf bnx¿ cl3Nnf] dª\unaf/ ul/Psf] ;fta'“b] ;xdltaf6 glhlsPsf 5g\ . t/, To;nfO{ sfof{Gjogsf] k|lqmofdf n}hfg / bnx¿df ljZjf;sf] jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ug{ ;xof]uL e"ldsfsf] ;§f ;/sf/n] eTsfpg] k|of; u/]sf] 5 . …o:tf] a]nf ;xdltsf] cfwf/af6 cl3 a9\bf dfq} ljZjf;sf] jftfj/0f agfpg ;lsG5 .Ú sfª\u]|; dxfdGqL k|sfzdfg l;+xn] lgo'Qm k|:tfjk|lt c;xdlt hgfp“b} eg], …;dembf/L sfod gu/L d'n'ssf] k|ltlglwTj ug]{ lgsfodf cfkm"v';L ug'{ /fd|f] xf]Og .Ú

Pdfn] ;lrjfno ;lrj o'j/fh 1jfnLn] klg cfkm"v';L lg0f{on] ljjfb a9fp“b} n}hfg] atfP . …o:tf dxŒjk"0f{ ljifodf Wofg k'¥ofpg'k5{Ú, 1jfnLn] eg]– …bnx¿aLrdf o:tf s'/fn] ljjfb dfq} a9fp“5 .

t/, e§/fO{sf] lgo'Qm k|:tfj /fi6«sf] k|fyldstfnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug]{ JolQmsf] ¿kdf 5gf]6 ul/Psf] b]lv“b}g . a? cfkm\gf] /fhgLlts ceLi6 / :jfy{s]lGb|t b]lvG5 .

)^@÷)^# sf] hgcfGbf]ngkl5 ag]sf] lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/n] ;xdltsf cfwf/df /fhb"t lgo'lQm u/]sf] lyof] . tTsfnLg k//fi6«dGqL s]kL zdf{ cf]nLn] ;a}nfO{ dfGo x'g] u/L ;xdlt h'6fP/ s"6gLlts lgo'lQmsf] k/Dk/f a;fn]sf lyP . t/, To;kl5 pQm k/Dk/fnfO{ dfcf]jfbL / dw];jfbL bnx¿n] cfkm"v';L lgo'lQm ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . oL b'O{ bns} dftxtdf k//fi6« dGqfno x'“bf lgo'lQm k|:tfj ul/Psf JolQmx¿sf] Plu|df] cfPg . s"6gLlts Oltxf;d} klxnf] k6s tL bnn] k|:tfj u/]sf JolQmsf] Plu|df] gcfPsf] xf] .

;xdlt gu/L cfkm"v';L /fhb"t lgo'Qm ul/lb“bf ;/sf/ kl/jt{glkR5] lkmtf{ af]nfpg] ;d:of b]lv“b} cfPsf] 5, h;n] g]kfnsf] s"6gLlts ;DaGw sdhf]/ aGb} uPsf] 5 .

/fhb"t k|:tfj ePkl5 ;fj{hlgs dGqL gkfPkl5 afa'/fd e§/fO{;“u l/;fP/ /fd sfsL{ /fhb"tsf] k|:tfj ul/Pkl5 sl/a b'O{ dlxgfkl5 ;fj{hlgs ePsf 5g\ .

e§/fO{n] r'gfj lht]sfnfO{ dfq} dGqL agfpg] c8\8L lnPkl5 pgL a]kQfh:t} lyP . e§/fO{n] k//fi6« ;Nnfxsf/df lgo'lQm lbg] atfP klg pgn] dfg]sf lyPgg\ . t/, ef/tsf nflu /fhb"t k|:tfj ug]{ eg]kl5 pgL ;f]daf/ l/kf]6{; Snadf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf ;fj{hlgs ePsf lyP . o;cl3 k|mfG;sf] /fhb"t x'g] pgsf] k|of; clGtddf cfP/ c;kmn ePsf] lyof] .

dª\unaf/sf] dlGqkl/ifb\n] u/]sf] pQm lg0f{o ;+;bLo ;'g'jfOsf nflu ;+;b\df k7fOg]5, hxf“ sfª\u]|;–Pdfn]sf] ax'dt 5 . Toxf“ pQm k|:tfjsf] tLj| lj/f]w x'g] atfOPsf] 5 .


8LcfO{hLn] /fhLgfdf lbg] †

sf7df8f}“ . u[xdGqL ljhos'df/ uR5bf/sf] k|:tfjdf afa'/fd e§/fO{ g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/n] jl/i7tf ldr]/ k|x/L clwsf/Lsf] a9'jf u/]kl5 cGofodf k/]sf 8LcfO{hLx¿ /fhLgfdf lbg] ;f]rfOdf /x]sf] ;|f]tn] atfPsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, pgLx¿n] o;af/]df cfkm" lgs6x¿;“u 5nkmn ul//x]sf 5g\ .

…a9'jf ePsfx¿n] bHof{gL lrx\g nufPkl5 o;af/]df lg0f{o x'G5Ú– Ps clwsf/Ln] eg]– …k|x/Ldf o;k6s g/fd|f] u/L cGofo ePsf] 5 . o:tf] sfo{ eljiodf gxf];\ eGgsf nflu /fhLgfdf lb“bf k|x/L ;ª\u7gsf] dgf]an a9\5 eGg] ;Nnfx eO/x]sf] 5 .Ú dlGqkl/ifb\n] g]kfn k|x/Lsf klxnf] gDa/df /x]sf lbgs/zdz]/ /f0ff / ;z:q k|x/Lsf s[i0fs'df/ tfdfªnfO{ a9'jf gubf{ pgLx¿dfly cGofo ePsf] k|x/Lleq Jofks u'gf;f] 5 . ut ;ftf dlGqkl/ifb\n] g]kfn k|x/Ldf gj/fh 9sfn / eLid k|;fO+{ tyf ;z:q k|x/Ldf b'h{s'df/ /fO{, Cifeb]j e§/fO{ / hLjg yfkfnfO{ PcfO{hLdf a9'jf u/]sf] lyof] . k|x/Ldf bf];|f] / t];|f] gDa/df /x]sf clws[t a9'jf ePsf lyP eg] ;z:qdf eg] bf];|f], cf7f}“ / P3f/f}“ gDa/sfnfO{ a9'jf ul/Psf] lyof] . …klxnf] gDa/df /x]sfdflysf] of] r/d cljZjf; xf], k/Dk/fsf] pNnª\3g xf]Ú– Ps clwsf/Ln] eg]– …o;af6 k|x/Ldf cem} a9L rfs8L / bf}8w'kdf nfu eGg] ;Gb]z lbg vf]lhPsf] 5 .Ú klxnf] gDa/df ePsfnfO{ bf];|f] jf t];|f] gDa/df eP klg a9'jf u/]sf] eP lrQ a'emfpg] 7fp“ x'g] pgn] atfP .

lghfdtL ;]jfdf ;d]t cfkm"eGbf slgi7nfO{ a9'jf ubf{ /fhLgfdf lbg] rng 5 . t/, kmf}hdf To:tf] geP klg s'g} klg cleof]u gnfUbf gnfUb} o;/L a9'jf ug'{n] cGofo ePsf] l6Kk0fL k|x/L clws[tx¿sf] 5 . b'j}lt/ Ps÷Ps gDa/df /x]sf 8LcfO{hLx¿n] ca cfkm" a9Ldf PcfO{hL;Dd x'g ;Sg] / cfkm\gf nflu cfO{hL x'g] af6f] aGb ePsfn] /fhLgfdf lbg pko'Qm x'g] lgisif{ lgsfNg k'u]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . g]kfn k|x/Ldf !) dlxgfkl5 /jLGb|k|tfk zfxn] dxflg/LIfsaf6 labf ln“bf pgL;“u} g/]z u'?ª, k|sfz s'“j/, sNof0f ltldN;]gf, ch'{ghª\u zfxL / dbg v8\sfn] clgjfo{ cjsfz kfp“bf s'j]/l;+x /fgf, gj/fh 9sfn / eLid k|;fO+{aLr gof“ cfO{hLsf nflu k|lt:kwf{ x'g]5 . ptf, ;z:q k|x/Ldf kf“r dlxgfkl5 z}n]Gb| >]i7n] cfO{hLaf6 cjsfz kfPkl5 sf]if/fh jGt / 7fs'/df]xg >]i7dWo] Ps k"/f sfo{sfn -tLg jif{_ cfO{hL x'g]5g\ eg] To;kl5 clxn] a9'jf ePsf b'h{s'df/ /fO{, Cifeb]j e§/fO{ / hLjg yfkfaLr k|lt:kwf{ x'g]5 . clxn] sf] a9'jf x'g] eGg] s'/fn] efjL cfO{hL lgwf{/0f ug]{ ePsfn] o;nfO{ k|x/L ;ª\u7gleq dxŒjsf ;fy lnOPsf] 5 .


klt–kTgL kfn}kfnf]

sf7df8f}“ . dfcf]jfbLsf] !) a;]{ ;z:q o'4df nfu]s} sf/0f ;of}“ sfo{stf{ cem} larNnLdf k/]sf 5g\ . s}of}“ 3/jf/ljxLg 5g\ t s}of}“n] kl/jf/ u'dfPsf 5g\ . t/, ltg} sfo{stf{sf] /utdf xf]nL v]n]/ ;/sf/df k'Ugf;fy dfcf]jfbLleq} zlQm / kx'“r ePsf g]tfx¿aLr klt–kTgL kfnf] nufP/ dGqL agfpg] xf]8 g} ;'? ePsf] 5 .

;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgtfsfaf6} ;/sf/L ;]jf ;'ljwf / x}l;otsf lglDt ;'? ePsf] o:tf] xf]8 emg\–emg\ tLj| ag]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgdf kx'“r ePsf dfcf]jfbL g]tfn] klt eP kTgL / kTgL eP ktLn] Ps–csf{nfO{ l6s6 lbnfPsf lyP eg] ;dfg'kflts sf]6fdf /fVg klg o:t} xf]8 ePsf] lyof] . ;+ljwfg;efdf klg clxn] dfcf]jfbLsf emG8} cfwf bh{g hf]8L klt–kTgL ;ef;b\ 5g\ eg] kfl/jfl/s gftfsf ;ef;b\ t slt 5g\ slt † x'“bf–x'“bf nfh g} krfP/ klg klt–kTgL cfnf]kfnf] dGqL aGg yfn]sf 5g\ . ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgkl5 dfcf]jfbL g]t[Tjdf ag]sf] ;/sf/df 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ / pgsL kTgL lxl;nf odL b'j}hgf dGqL lyP . e§/fO{ pkk|wfg tyf cy{dGqL lyP eg] odL ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0fdGqL lyOg\ . Pp6} Sjf6{/ k|of]u ubf{ x'g] eP klg b'O{6f ;/sf/L Sjf6{/ lnPsf] ljifodf To;a]nf kf6L{leq}af6 e§/fO{sf] cfnf]rgf ePsf] lyof] . pkfWoIf e§/fO{ / kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o odL b'j} dGqL x'g'nfO{ w]/} c:jfefljs 7flgPsf] lyPg . t/, kl5Nnf] ;dodf dfcf]jfbLleq b]vf k/]sf] cGt/;ª\3if{n] klt–kTgL g} kfnf] nufP/ dGqL agfpg'kg]{ afWotfnfO{ lgs} tNnf] tx;Dd emf/]sf] 5 .Ú tLg u'6df ljeflht kf6L{leq u'6sf] ;fv arfpg / kx'“r /fVg] g]tfsf] ;fy sfod /fVg klg To:tf] ug'{k/]sf] atfOG5 .

of] k/Dk/fsf] yfngL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnaf6} ePsf] atfOG5 . g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfn g]t[Tjsf ;/sf/sf a]nf bfxfn / e§/fO{aLrsf] 6s/fj pTsif{df k'u]sf] lyof] . bfxfnn] e§/fO{nfO{ v';L kfg{ e§/fO{kTgL odLnfO{ !# lbg] dGqL agfP . Tolt dfq xf]Og, ToxL ;/sf/sf a]nf cfkm\gf b'O{ x:tL jif{dfg k'gnfO{ l/emfpg pgsL >LdtLnfO{ dGqL agfP .

kf6L{leqsf] ljjfb dTy/ kfg{s} nflu tTsfnLg u[xdGqL k'gnfO{ /fhLgfdf u/fPkl5 pgsL kTgL cf]g;/L 3tL{nfO{ o'jf tyf v]ns'b dGqL agfOPsf] lyof] . k'gnfO{ l/emfpg 3tL{nfO{ dGqL agfPsf]df kf6L{ kª\lQmaf6} bfxfnsf] cfnf]rgf ePsf] lyof] . t/, clxn] km]l/ bfxfnn] Tof] k/Dk/f sfod /fv]sf 5g\ . vgfn ;/sf/df pgn] cfkm\gf :jsLo ;lrj zlQm a:g]tnfO{ :jf:YodGqL agfPsf lyP . km]l/ pg}nfO{ bf]xf]¥ofpg bfxfnn] k|oTg u/]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . t/, !# lbg] dGqLafx]ssf c¿nfO{ bf]xf]¥ofpg] s'/fdf k|wfgdGqLn] clgR5f b]vfPkl5 lxhf]sf] lj:tf/df a:g]tsL kTgL ;Tof kxf8LnfO{ dGqL agfOPsf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . pgL clxn] zflGt tyf k'gMlgdf{0f dGqL ePsL 5g\ . Tolt dfq xf]Og, jfO{;LPn OGrfh{ u0f]zdfg k'gnfO{ l/emfpg cWoIf bfxfnn] pgsL kTgL sdnf /f]SsfnfO{ o'jf tyf v]ns'b dGqL agfOlbPsf 5g\ .


rLglj/f]wL ultljlwdf tLj|tf

sf7df8f}“ . afa'/fd e§/fO{ k|wfgdGqL ePb]lv slyt :jtGq ltAat;DaGwL v'nf ultljlwdf tLj|tf cfPsf] 5 .

…:jtGq ltAatsf kIfdf k|bz{g a9\g' / ef/tLo tyf cd]l/sL s"6gLlt1sf] g]kfn cfudgn] tLj|tf kfpg'nfO{ ;+of]usf ¿kdf dfq x]g{ gx'g] atfpg yflnPsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLsf pkfWoIfåo 8f= e§/fO{ k|wfgdGqL, gf/fo0f >]i7 k//fi6«dGqL / ljho uR5bf/ u[xdGqL ePb]lv g} /fhwfgLsf ljleGg u'Daf tyf rf]srf]saf6 lbgx'“ :jtGq ltAatsf] kIfdf rLglj/f]wL k|bz{gx¿ eO/x]sf 5g\ . Tolt dfq xf]Og, rLg ;/sf/n] cfkm}“n] ;"rgf ;ª\sng u/L ;Defljt k|bz{gL x'g] :yfgsf af/]df g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ kq;d]t n]Vg'k/]sf] atfOG5 . g]kfn cfpg] tof/L ul//x]sf lgjf{l;t wfld{s g]tf bnfO{ nfdfnfO{ g]kfn e|d0f cfpgaf6 /f]Sg lrlgof“ b"tfjf;n] kq;d]t n]Vof] . oL ;a} s'/fnfO{ rLg ;/sf/n] ;r]t u/fp“bf klg rLglj/f]wL ultljlwdf sdL gcfPkl5 x/]s !% lbgsf] km/sdf h;f] lrlgof“ 6f]nL g]kfn e|d0fdf cfpg yfn]sf] 5 . o;nfO{ s"6gLlts ljkmntfsf] ¿kdf x]l/Psf] hfgsf/x¿ atfp“5g\ . clxn] lrlgof“ sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o Pjd\ a]Olhªsf d]o/ lnp ls g]t[Tjsf] 6f]nL g]kfn e|d0fdf 5 .

ljleGg bnsf g]tfx¿;“u e]6 u/]sf] ls g]t[Tjsf] 6f]nLn] ;a};“u klZrdf zlQmn] rLglj?4 ultljlw ;~rfng ug]{ d}bfg gagfpg\ eGg] rfxgf JoQm u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . s]xL cl3 dfq cd]l/sf sfª\u]|;sf b'O{ ;b:o / z/0ffyL{ dfldnf x]g]{ pkljb]zdGqL g]kfn cfP/ ltAatL z/0ffyL{nfO{ g]kfnn] gful/stf lbg'kg]{ ljjfbf:kb cleJolQm ;fj{hlgs u/]sf lyP . t/, ;/sf/n] ;'g]sf] g;'Go} u/]/ ;f]sf] af/]df clxn];Dd s'g} cflwsfl/s k|ltlqmof lbPsf] 5}g . cd]l/sL / ef/tLo 6f]nL g]kfn cfP/ ltAatL z/0ffyL{k|lt ul/g] rLglj/f]wL k|bz{g a9\g'n] klg lrlgof“x¿ eml:sPsf] atfOG5 .

ef/tLosf] e|d0f a9\of]

k|wfgdGqL ef/t e|d0f u/]/ kmls{Psf] Ps dlxgf klg glaTb} ef/tLo g]tfx¿ g]kfn e|d0fdf cfpg] qmddf tLj|tf cfPsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL g]kfn kmls{PnuQ} Ps pRr clwsf/Ln] pRr:t/Lo e]63f6sf nflu cfPsf lyP . To;nuQ} km]l/ s/0f l;+x g]kfn cfPsf 5g\ . ef/tLo /fhgLltsf ;Lldt k|d'v g]tfdWo]sf Ps / cGt/f{li6«o If]qdf bVvn /fVg] l;+x sfª\u]|; cfO{sf ljb]z ljefu k|d'v 5g\ . ef/tLo ;Qf u7aGwgsL k|d'v g]t[ ;f]lgof ufGwL;“u cToGt lgs6 /x]sf / pgn] ug]{ x/]s cGt/f{li6«o e]63f6df ;“u} /xg] l;+xsf] g]kfn cfudgnfO{ klg lrlgof“x¿n] uDeL/ rf;f] /fv]sf] atfOG5 .


k'gM;+/rgfdf lj1sf] vf]hL

sf7df8f}“ . ;+j}wflgs ;ldltcGtu{t ljjfb ;dfwfg pk;ldltn] /fHo k'gM;+/rgf cfof]usf] ;§f lj1sf] vf]hL ;'? ePsf] 5 .

;ª\3Lo ;+/rgfsf] agfj6 tof/ kfg{ ljz]if1 ;ldltx¿ lgdf{0f ug{ tof/L ;'? ePsf] xf] . ;f]daf/ ;efd'v ;'jf; g]Djfªn] bnsf ;r]tsx¿;“u o;af/] k/fdz{ u/L tTsfn gfd pknAw u/fpg cfu|x u/]kl5 bnleq lj1x¿sf] vf]hL yflnPsf] xf] . ljz]if1 ;ldlt agfpg cfjZos ;+j}wflgs / sfg'gL cfwf/ tof/ kfg]{ u[xsfo{ tLj| ul/Psfn] s]xL lbgleq} ;xdlt aGg] atfOPsf] 5 . pk;ldltn] lj1 ;ldlt u7g ug]{ lg0f{o u/]s} lbg ut z'qmaf/ ;/sf/n] Tof] k|fjwfg Joj:yf ug{ ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg k|:tfj btf{ ul/;s]sf] 5 .

lj1 ;ldlt u7gsf] tof/L;“u} b]znfO{ a'em\g ;Sg], g]kfnsf] dfu / w/ftnLo oyfy{ hfg]sf] tyf ;dfj]zL cg'xf/ ;d]6]/ ;ldlt u7g ug'{kg]{ cfjfh p7]sf] 5 . ;efd'v / bnsf k|d'v ;r]tsaLr bnsf] efuaG8fsf cfwf/df geO{ lj1tfsf cfwf/df ;b:o 5gf]6 ug]{ ;xdlt ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 .

…ljz]if1 ;ldltdf ;+ljwfg;ef ;b:o g/x]sf lj1x¿nfO{ /flvg]5 . ;ldltdf ;dfhzf:qL, /fhgLltzf:qL, gfkLlj1, e"uf]nljb\, dfgjzf:qL / hg;ª\Vofljb\ dWo]af6 a9Ldf ( hgfnfO{ /flvg] tof/L ePsf] Pdfn] k|d'v ;r]ts eLd cfrfo{n] hfgsf/L lbP . …7"nf bnsf tkm{af6 Ps–Pshgf l;kmfl/; ug{ t ;lsPnf, t/ bnut efuaG8fdf uOof] eg] ljjfb x'G5 . To;}n] jl/i7tf / lj1tfnfO{ hf]8 lbg] ;xdlt ePsf] 5Ú– pgn] eg] . ;fgf] cfsf/sf] ;ldlt ePsfn] /fHo k'gM;+/rgfsf If]qdf lnOg] / ;a} hfthfltnfO{ ;d]6\g ;Dej gx'g] pgsf] egfO 5 . ;ldltdf clxn];Dd k|f=8f= u0f]zdfg u'?ª, kLtfDa/ zdf{, a'l4gf/fo0f >]i7, eLdfh'{g cfrfo{, kz'{/fd tfdfªnufotnfO{ Nofpg ;lsg] cg'xf/sf ¿kdf lrlqt ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . ;ldlt u7gsf nflu ;+ljwfg / lgodfjnL ;+zf]wgsf] k|lqmofdf dfq nflu/x]sfn] clxNo} k|:tfljt gfd eGg gldNg] sfª\u]|; ;r]ts nId0fk|;fb l3ld/]n] atfP . JolQm hf];'s} eP klg jl/i7tf / lj1tfnfO{ Wofg lbg'kg]{ / h;/L klg ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ul/5f8\g'kg]{ kIfdf cfkm\gf] bn /x]sf] pgn] atfP . t/, ldl>t a;f]af; /x]sf] g]kfnnfO{ ;ª\3Lo :j¿k lb“bf w]/} uDeL/ 9ª\un] nfUg'kg]{ x'gfn] ;ldlt u7g klg bnsf zLif{ g]tfsf] txaf6 ;xdltdf NofOg'kg]{ pgsf] egfO 5 .


k|d dfn]tkm{

sf7df8f}“ . k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ blIf0f Pl;ofnL ;xof]u ;ª\u7g -;fs{_sf] !&cf}“ lzv/ ;Dd]ngdf efu lng dflNbE; k|:yfg u/]sf 5g\ . !! ;b:oLo g]kfnL 6f]nLsf] g]t[Tj ub}{ pgL dª\unaf/ To;tkm{ nfu]sf x'g\ .

kf“rlbg] e|d0fsf qmddf lgl:sPsf e§/fO{n] cfufdL laxLaf/b]lv ;'? x'g] b'O{lbg] ;Dd]ngnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug]{ sfo{qmd 5 . dflNbE;sf] P8\8' l;6Ldf x'g] ;Dd]ngdf ;fs{ /fi6«sf cf7 d'n'ssf /fi6« tyf ;/sf/ k|d'vsf] ;xeflutf /xg]5 . ;fs{df g]kfn, ef/t, kfls:tfg, aª\unfb]z, >Lnª\sf, e'6fg, dflNbE; / ckmuflg:tfg cfa4 5g\ .

…ljlN8ª ljh]hÚ eGg] gf/fsf ;fy x'g uO/x]sf] ;Dd]ngdf ljutsf ;Dd]ngdf ePsf k|lta4tf / ;xdltsf] sfof{Gjogsf] ljifodf ;dLIff ug]{ sfo{qmd 5 . ;Dd]ngdf If]qLo l;8 a}ª\s :yfkgf, cf}Bf]lus j:t'x¿sf] If]qLo u'0f:t/ lrx\g, l8hf:6/ /]:k]fG; d]sflghd / ;fs{sf] d"Nofª\sgsf nflu ax'kIfLo Joj:yf / If]qLo dfgssf] sfof{Gjog;DaGwL ;Demf}tfkqdf x:tfIf/ x'g] sfo{qmd 5 . ;Dd]ngn] @% jif{b]lv /f]lsPsf] …lxGb dxf;fu/ dfn tyf ofq'afxs ;]jf ;~rfngÚ k|:tfj cg'df]bg u/L klxnf] r/0fsf] sfd ;'? ug]{ lgb]{zg lbOg] atfOPsf] 5 .

sf7df8f}“af6 dflNbE;sf nflu l;w} xjfO{ p8fg gePsfn] k|wfgdGqL ef/tsf] /fhwfgL gof“ lbNnL / To;kl5 >Lnª\sfsf] sf]nDaf] x'“b} dfn] k'Ug] sfo{qmd 5 . k|wfgdGqLsf] e|d0f bndf pkk|wfgdGqL tyf k//fi6«dGqL gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7, k//fi6«sf sfd' ;lrj b'uf{ e§/fO{, ;x;lrj e/t/fh kf}8]n, pk;lrj k|sfzdl0f kf}8]n, lzi6frf/ dxfkfn d'lQmgfy e§, k//fi6«sf clws[t df]lbtf ah|frfo{, k|wfgdGqLsf :jsLo ;lrj ljZjbLk kf08], k//fi6«dGqLsf :jsLo ;lrj ;';g sdf{rfo{ / b'O{ ;'/IffsdL{ 5g\ .

;Dd]ngdf ef/tLo k|wfgdGqL 8f= dgdf]xg l;+x, e'6fgL k|wfgdGqL lhUd] jfO{ lyGn], kfls:tfgL k|wfgdGqL o';fkm /fhf lnufgLnufot;“u e§/fO{sf] e]6 ug]{ sfo{qmd 5 . k|wfgdGqL sflQs @^ ut] :jb]z kmls{g] sfo{qmd 5 .

r}t]x¿sf] u'gf;f]–


‘xfdLnfO{ r}t] elgof]

sf7df8f}“ . dfcf]jfbL zflGt k|lqmofdf cfO;s]kl5 7"nf] efu vf]Hg Pdfn]af6 s]–s] kfp“nf eGb} dfcf]jfbLdf k|j]z u/]sfx¿ ;ª\ul7t x'g] k|of;df nfu]sf 5g\ . Pdfn], dfn] x'“b} dfcf]jfbLdf k|j]z u/]sfx¿ hgo'4af6 cfPsf k'/fgfx¿n] …r}t]Ú eGb} ckdflgt ug{ yfn]kl5 ;ª\ul7t x'g] k|of;df nfu]sf x'g\ .

To:tf, cj;/jfbLx¿ cWoIf k|r08;“u lghlsPkl5 …xf8{nfOg/Ú j}B kIf ?i6 5 . j}B kIfn] cfkm"nfO{ a9\tf x]Kg] u/]kl5 pgLx¿ klg PsLs[t eP/ cl3 a9\g] k|of;df nfu]sf 5g\ . ;|f]tsf cg';f/ ;fx|} x]lkg'k/]kl5 cl:tTj /Iff;“u} cfjZos k/] cfkm\gf] zlQm b]vfOlbg] eGb} pgLx¿ ;ª\ul7t x'g] k|of;df nfu]sf 5g\ . 8f= l8NnL/fh vgfn, eLdaxfb'/ s8fot, /fwfs[i0f d}gfnL, lzj/fh uf}td, x:taxfb'/ s];L, wd{bQ b]jsf]6f, h]aL 6'x'/], /fd/fh /]UdL, zflns/fd kf}8]n, /d]z e§/fO{, ;'wf lqkf7L, s'Gtf zdf{sf ;fy} ;ef;b\ /x]sf $) hgfeGbf a9L clxn] dfcf]jfbLdf 5g\ .

kf6L{df cnucnu u'6 lgdf{0f ePkl5 ;a};“u glhlsg vf]Hg] t/ st} klg c6fpg g;Sg] vgfn, s8fotnufotsf] cu'jfOdf ;ª\ul7t x'g] k|of; yflnPsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . To;sf nflu dfcf]jfbLleq cGt/;ª\3if{ tLj| ePsf a]nf ltxf/d} klg pgLx¿n] cgf}krfl/s e]nf u/]sf lyP . s8fotsf] lgjf;df ePsf] ;f] e]nfdf cd]l/sfdf /x]sf sf/0f vgfn eg] pkl:yt lyPgg\ . oBlk, pgn] 6]lnkmf]gdf g} ;a};“u ;Dks{ u/]/ e]nf af]nfpg s8fotnfO{ pS;fPsf lyP . To;otf vgfn kmls{Pkl5 klg pgn] To;dWo]sf k|d'v elgPsfx¿nfO{ cfkm\g} 3/df af]nfP/ vfgf Vjfp“b} cgf}krfl/s 5nkmn u/]sf lyP . To:tf] 5nkmn eO/xg] eGb} cfkm";“usf] 5nkmndf d;fn, Pstfs]Gb|af6 cfPsf ;fyLx¿ klg ;xefuL ePsf] 8f= vgfnn] atfP . lxhf] a'waf/;“u s'/f ub}{ pgn] tTsfn df]rf{aGbL ug]{ u/L cnUu} e]nf eg] ul/g;s]sf] bfaL u/] . …clxn];Dd e]nf rflx“ ePsf] 5}g, 5nkmn t :jfefljs xf],Ú pgn] eg]– …ug}{k/] Ps–b'O{ bh{g xf]Og, b'O{–rf/ ;os} df; h'6fP/ ul/lbG5f}“ lg †Ú

e]nfsf] cu'jfO u/]sf s8fot;“u ;Dks{ ug{ pgsf] 6]lnkmf]g gDa/ dfUbf;d]t gjk|j]zL vgfnn] s8fot / cfkm";“u a'em\g' Pp6} xf] eGb} pgnfO{ ;Dks{ ug{ h?/L g/x]sf] atfP . …d / s8fothL Ps} xf], d]/f] egfO oxL xf], oxL n]lvlbg";\ g,Ú pgn] eg] . pgn] emf]lSs“b} klxn] s]xL g]tfx¿n] …r}t]Ú eg]/ cfkm"x¿sf] x'd{t lnP klg sld6Lsf] a}7sdf s'/f p7fPkl5 pgLx¿n] cfkm\gf] egfO lkmtf{ lnO;s]sf] vgfn atfp“5g\ . ;a}lt/af6 e]nf ePsf] euf}8fsf] 8lDkª ag]sf] dfcf]jfbLdf pgLx¿sf] wf/ slQsf] ;zQm x'g] xf], Tof] eg] cfufdL lbgn] g} atfpg]5 .


afa'/fd xTof/fsf kIfdf

sf7df8f}“ . ;/sf/n] cf]vn9'ª\ufsf pHhgs'df/ >]i7sf] xTof u/]sf] cleof]u ;jf]{Rr cbfntaf6 k|dfl0ft eO;s]kl5 klg lu/km\tf/Ldf gk/]sf dfcf]jfbL ;ef;b\ afns[i0f 9'ª\u]nnfO{ dfkmL lbg /fi6«klt;dIf l;kmfl/; ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 .

dª\unaf/ a;]sf] dlGqkl/ifb\sf] a}7sn] k|wfgdGqL afa'/fd e§/fO{lgs6 ;ef;b\ 9'ª\u]nnfO{ 5'6fpgsf nflu /fi6«klt;dIf l;kmfl/; ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . t/, ;|f]tsf cg';f/, ;/sf/n] l;kmfl/; u/] klg /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjn] eg] tTsfn pQm l;kmfl/; sfof{Gjog ug]{ ;Defjgf 5}g . s}b km};nf ePkl5 Ps lbg klg h]ndf ga;]sf 9'ª\u]nnfO{ dfkmL lb“bf unt glh/ a:g] eGb} klxnf k|lqmofdf

;dfj]z x'g ;'emfj lbg] atfOPsf] 5 . …Ps lbg eP klg pgL h]n a:g'kb{5, kmf}hbf/L cleof]u k|dfl0ft ePsfn] pgsf] ;ef;b\ kb vf/]h x'g'kb{5Ú– ;|f]tn] eGof]– …To;kl5 dfq} /fi6«kltn] pQm l;kmfl/; sfof{Gjg ug'{x'G5 .Ú

Pdfn] g]tf 5lj sfsL{sf] xTofsf of]hgfsf/sf ¿kdf lrlqt ;ef;b\ 9'ª\u]n h:tf] h3Go ck/fwdf k|dfl0ft ePsf] JolQmnfO{ o;/L hf]ufpg'n] k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{ v'n]cfd ck/fwsf kIfdf plePsf] k|dfl0ft ePsf] 5 . s'g} lbg cGt/f{li6«o ck/fw cbfntdf pleg'k5{ ls eg]/ q:t dfcf]jfbL g]tfx¿n] sfg'gL /fHosf] o;/L lvNnL p8fpg'n] afa'/fd e§/fO{sf] JolQmTjdf emg\ lvof nfu]sf] 5 .


5f]/f–elthf;“u 3'Db}

sf7df8f}“ . n'lDagLsf nflu ;xof]u h'6fpg] gfddf ;/sf/L vr{df cfkm\gf 5f]/f k|sfz / elthf ;dL/nfO{ ;d]t lnP/ cd]l/sf k'u]sf dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn clxn] cd]l/sf 3'dlkm/df Jo:t 5g\ . pgn] Go'of]s{df e]l6g] g]kfnL;“u lvrfPsf tl:a/x¿ km];a'snufotdf b]Vg kfOG5 .

/fi6«;ª\3sf dxf;lrj jfg ls d'g;“usf] e]6n] klg Tolt dxŒj kfPsf] 5}g . ;/sf/L cf]xbfdf gePsf] / ljjfbf:kb 5lj ePsf] JolQmn] lsg n'lDagLsf gfddf o:tf] cu|;/tf lnPsf] 5 eGg] cfzª\sf /fi6«;ª\3sf clwsf/Lx¿n] klg ul//x]sf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . …o;/L k|s6 x'g] ljleGg :jfy{x¿k|lt /fi6«;ª\3n] cWoog ul//x]sf] x'G5Ú– ljutdf /fi6«;ª\3;“u sfd ul/;s]sf Ps g]kfnLn] a'waf/;“u eg]– …To;}n] o;nfO{ Tolt w]/} dxŒj lbPsf] 5 h:tf] nfUb}g .Ú

bfxfnsf] o; e|d0fnfO{ ;/sf/L /sdsf] kmh'n vr{sf ¿kdf lnOPsf] 5 . cg]s ;+lbUw sfddf ;+nUg x'g] / a]nf–a]nfdf ljleGg b]zsf u'Ktr/ ;+:yfsf k|ltlglwx¿;“u uf]Ko e]6 ug]{ eGb} kf6L{leq} lnlvt cleof]u v]lk/x]sf bfxfnsf] o; e|d0fsf] klg leqL p2]Zo cs}{ /x]sf] cfzª\sf ul/Psf] 5 . ljutdf ef/t;“u ;DaGw lrl;Psf a]nf lrlgof“ ;+:yf Pk]ssf] xNnf dRrfP/ ef/tnfO{ t;f{pg k'u]sf bfxfnn] To;kl5 ef/t;“u ;DaGw ;'lw|Pkl5 eg] To; ;+:yfnfO{ a]jfl/z] 5f]8]/ n'lDagLs} gfddf csf]{ cleofg ;~rfng ug'{nfO{ cy{k"0f{ ¿kdf lnOPsf] 5 .


kf]r'{undf o'jf ;ª\3 le8\b}

sf7df8f}“ . ljZj k|hftflGqs /fli6«o o'jf ;ª\3 -pkm\8]_ sf] g]t[Tjsf nflu o'jf ;ª\3 g]kfnn] pDd]bjf/L 3f]if0ff u/]sf] 5 . kf]r'{unsf] ln:jgdf x'g] !*cf}“ ;Dd]ngsf nflu o'jf ;ª\3n] pkm\8]s} jt{dfg pkfWoIf of]u]Gb| zfxLnfO{ d}bfgdf ptf/]sf] 5 .

pkm\8]sf] lxhf]b]lv cf/De ePsf] dxf;efdf cWoIfsf nflu ;fOk|;sf pDd]bjf/;“u g]kfnn] k|lt:kwf{ ub}{ 5 . cffudL zlgaf/ ;f“em rNg] dxf;efdf ! ;o $% b]zsf k|ltlglwx¿ ;xefuL 5g\ .

o'jf ;ª\3n] cfOtaf/} cfkm\gf] pDd]bjf/ 3f]if0ff ub}{ cfkm\gf] pDd]bjf/nfO{ ljhoL agfpg dxf;efdf ;xefuL ;b:ox¿;“u} kxn yfn]sf] 5 . pQm sfo{qmddf g]kfnaf6 g]skf -Pdfn]_sf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o c?0f g]kfn, s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf o'jf kmf“6 OGrfh{ of]u]z e§/fO{, o'jf ;ª\3sf cWoIf dx]z a:g]t, pkfWoIf emk6 /fjn, ljb]z ljefu k|d'v /fhLj kxf/L, cg]/f:jljo'sf cWoIf dfwj 9'ª\u]n, ljb]z ljefu k|d'v ;LkL 3tL{, :jljo' sfplG;nsf tkm{af6 u'0f/fh cfrfo{, P]gaxfb'/ dx/ ;xefuL 5g\ . To:t}, g]kfn /fli6«o o'jf km]8]/];gsf cWoIf kbd hf]zL, ljBfyL{ km]8]/];gsf ljb]z ljefu k|d'v c?0f hf]zL, cefg]:jljo'sf tkm{af6 kbd e§ cfOtaf/} kf]r'{untkm{ k|:yfg u/]sf 5g\ .

g]kfnsf] k|lt:kwL{ ;fOk|;nfO{ o'/f]k / Nofl6g cd]l/sfsf d'n'sx¿n] ;dy{g u/]sf 5g\ eg] g]kfnnfO{ leotgfd, aª\unfb]z, hfkfg, kf]r'{un, kfls:tfg, ef/t, l;l/of, >Lnª\sf, sDaf]l8of, ;]g]un, nfcf];nufot !% b]zsf o'jf ;ª\u7gx¿n] ;dy{g hgfPsf 5g\ . ut h'nfO{ $ b]lv ( ;Dd ;dfhjfbL d'n's leotgfdsf] xgf]O{df ;DkGg Pl;of Kofl;lkms If]qLo a}7sn] o'jf ;ª\3nfO{ pDd]bjf/ v8f ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] .

…ljZj zflGt, P]Soa4tf / ;fd|fHojfbsf lj?4 ;dfhjfb :yfkgfsf nflu P]Soa4tf xf]cf}“Ú eGg] gf/fsf ;fy x'g uO/x]sf] ;Dd]ngn] rf/ jif{sf nflu g]t[Tj 5gf]6 ug]{ sfo{qmd 5 .

!*cf}“ dxf;efdf ;ª\3sf] tkm{af6 cgf}krfl/s pDd]bjf/L 3f]if0ff ;fj{hlgs u/L k|ltlglwx¿sf] labfO sfo{qmd cfOtaf/ ;DkGg eof] . sfo{qmddf Pdfn] pkfWoIf ljBfb]jL e08f/L / kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o kz'klt rf}nfufO{+n] z'esfdgf dGtJo JoQm ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;ª\3sf cWoIf dx]z a:g]tsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf pkfWoIf xl/ /fO{n] :jfut dGtJo / sfo{qmd ;~rfng dxf;lrj lg/h cfrfo{n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .


uflj; ;lrjnfO{ sf/afxL

g'jfsf]6 . ljsf; of]hgfsf] /sd lxgfldgf u/]sf sf/0f lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no g'jfsf]6n] Pshgf uflj; ;lrj;lxt tLghgfnfO{ sf/afxL u/]sf] 5 . ufp“df klx/f] lgoGq0fsf nflu k7fOPsf] /sd b'?kof]u ePsf] ph'/L k/]kl5 ;'Gb/fb]jL uflj;sf ;lrj /fdxl/ cfrfo{, k|fljlws ;xfos dx]Gb| >]i7 / pkef]Qmf ;ldltsf cWoIf *# jifL{o emnsaxfb'/ kf7snfO{ sf/afxL ul/Psf] lhNnf k|zf;gn] hgfPsf] 5 .

lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt g'jfsf]6n] ufp“ ljsf; ;ldltdfkm{t ;'Gb/fb]jL uflj; j8f g+= % df klx/f] lgoGq0fsf nflu pknAw u/fPsf] $) xhf/ ?k}of“ tLghgfsf] ldn]dtf]df sfd} gu/L b'?kof]u ePsf] k|dfl0ft ePsf] 5 . ;lrj cfrfo{ / k|fljlws ;xfos >]i7af6 lxgfldgf ePsf] /sdsf] !) k|ltzt Aofh;lxt !$ xhf/ # ;o / pkef]Qmf ;ldltsf cWoIf kf7saf6 @( xhf/ & ;o ¿k}of“ gub w/f}6L lnP/ yk sf/afxLsf nflu clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]u k7fOPsf] k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L dw';'bg a'nf{sf]6Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

pkef]Qmf ;ldltsf cWoIf kf7sn] cfkm"n] of]hgfsf] /sdaf6 @& xhf/ ?k}of“ dfq lnPsf] / uflj; ;lrjn] tf/ vl/b u/]/ lbg'kg{]df glbPkl5 cfkm}“n] clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]udf ph'/L u/]sf] atfP . t/, uflj; ;lrj cfrfo{n] eg] ;b/d'sfdl:yt lzjzlQm xf8{j]o/af6 klx/f] lgoGq0fsf nflu vl/b u/]sf] tf/ pkef]Qmf ;ldltsf cWoIfnfO{ a'emfPsf] bfaL u/] . pQm clgoldttfdf bnsf k|ltlglw;d]t ;fd]n ePsf] kfOPsf] 5 .

– b]jrGb| e§


clvndf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o yk

sf7df8f“} . cg]/f:jljo'n] cfufdL d+l;/b]lv ;ª\u7g lgdf{0f tyf ;'b[9Ls/0f cleofg ;~rfng ug{] ePsf] 5 . xfn} ;DkGg s]Gb|Lo ;lrjfnosf] a}7sn] ;f] lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] .

clvnn] cleofgsf] d+l;/sf] $ ut]b]lv k|f/De ug{ nfu]sf] clvn dxf;lrj lszf]/ljqmd dNnn] atfP . o; ;Gbe{df yk of]hgf lgb]{lzsfdfkm{t hf/L ug]{ pgn] atfP . o;cl3 ;ª\u7gn] ;~rfng u/]sf] z}lIfs ;Dd]ngsf lgisif{x¿ ;fj{hlgs ub}{ ;Dk"0f{ ljBfyL{x¿sf] aLrdf z}lIfs hfu/0f cleofg ;~rfng ug{] lg0f{o a}7sn] u/]sf] 5 . To:t}, cfdfdL d+l;/ # / $ ut] /fli6«o sfo{stf{ e]nf tyf k|lzIf0f sfo{qmd /fhwfgLdf ug]{ lg0f{o a}7sn] u/]sf] 5 . e]nfdf s]GbLo sld6L ;b:ox¿, ljefuLo ;lrj, c~rnsf kbflwsf/L tyf dlxnf ljefu k|d'v, lhNnf cWoIf, pkfWoIf, ;lrj tyf dlxnf ljefusf k|d'v / :jtGq ljBfyL{ o'lgogsf ;efkltx¿nfO{ ;xefuL u/fpg] of]hgf clvnn] u/]sf] 5 .

clvn] ;fª\u7lgs x]/km]/ ub}{ s]Gb|Lo ;lrjfnosf] a}7sn] lbPsf] lgb]{zgcg';f/ kbflwsf/Lsf] xfn} ;DkGg a}7sn] s]Gb|Lo sld6Ldf yk dgf]gog u/]sf] 5, h;df /d]z cfrfo{, b'uf{ zdf{, ;'vLnfn rf}w/L, kljqf dxtf], Zofd a:g]t, zf/bf /fpt, cz]if l3ld/], ;Gtf]ifk|sfz hf]zL, ljgf]b vgfn, t'n;L d}gfnL, emk]Gb| vqL, jL/axfb'/ /fpt, x]dGt /]UdL, OGb| dx/f, ?b| zfxL, c?0f ofbj, o'z' nfdf, 1fg' e08f/L, cg'h hf]zL, 6Lsf l3ld/], O{Zj/ ltdN;]gf, k|efs/ yfkf, ljgf]b v'nfn, ;Gtf]if kf;jfg, jfO{= kL= cfrfo{, nf]s r]Dhf]ª, sdn]z ld> / lbuDa/ kf7s /x]sf 5g\ .

a}7sn] s]GbLo sld6L ;b:o sdnf af]x/fnfO{ ;lrjno ;b:odf dgf]gLt u/]sf] 5 . To:t}, kbflwsf/Ls} a}7sn] ;DalGwt ljefusf k|d'vx¿sf] l;kmfl/;sf cfwf/df #( hgfnfO{ ljefuLo ;lrjsf] lhDd]jf/L k|bfg u/]sf] 5, h;df ;ª\u7g ljefudf ;'bz{g l;jfsf]6L, k|lzIf0f ljefudf g[k]Gb| dxt, lgjf{rg ljefudf s]bf/ a'9fyf]sL, ;Dks{ ljefudf lj/fh zdf{, dlxnf ljefudf ;ljgf 1jfnL, v]ns'b ljefudf gog af]x/f, k|fljlws ljBfyL{ ;dGjo ljefudf pb]z /fO{, :jljo' kl/rfng ljefudf df]tL ljs, z}lIfs ljefudf cgdf]n If]qL, ljb]z ljefudf g/b]j /fO{, k|rf/ ljefudf bfgaxfb'/ yfkf, k|sfzg ljefudf 8L8L clwsf/L, clvn kmf];{ tyf :jod\;]js ljefudf ;Gbg yfkf, cg'zf;g ljefudf cRo't k/fh'nL, sfof{no ljefu ;'hg e§/fO{, snf tyf ;+:s[lt ljefu ljdn l3ld/], :jf:Yo ljefu O{Zj/ 9'ª\ufgf, ;ª\3Lo dfldnf ljefu dx]z >]i7, ;fdflhs ;]jf ljefu pGglt s];L, sfg'g ljefu s]zj a:g]t, ;xsf/L ljefu jf;' l3ld/], of]hgf tyf cg'udg ljefu x[bo]zrGb| e';fn, hftLo dfldnf ljefu s[i0f lnDa", ;flxTo tyf /rgfTds ljefu Zofd;'Gb/ ;fx, vf]h tyf cg';Gwfg ljefu wdf{gGb e§, n]vf k/LIf0f ljefu lzj kf}8]n, hg;/f]sf/ ljefu slg; k6]n, efiff tyf ;+:s[lt ljefu ;ldt yfkf, lj1fg tyf k|ljlw ljefu e/t a'9fyf]sL, s]Gb|Lo ;Dks{ sld6L ;dGjo ljefu kbd ;fksf]6f, ;fj{hlgs ljZjljBfno ;dGjo ljefu u0f]z ;]8fO{+, ;+:yfut ljZjljBfno ;dGjo ljefu ;'/h cfrfo{, ;fj{hlgs dflj tyf pdflj ;dGjo ljefu ;'bLk /]UdL, ;+:yfut dflj tyf pdflj ;dGjo ljefu ;'dg l;+x, cltl/Qm lqmofsnfk ljefu ls;g /fO{, k|jf;L ljBfyL{ ;dGjo ljefu /]jtL gxsL{, sdnf af]x/f k|d'v /x]sf] ljefu ljZjdl0f lwtfn, cfly{s ljefu wd{ lu/LnfO{ dgf]gog u/]sf] 5 .


dfcf]jfbL sd{rf/L km'6sf] ;ª\3f/df

sf7df8f}“ . g]t[Tjleq b]vfk/]sf] u'6–pku'6sf] l;sf/ dfcf]jfbL e|ft[ ;ª\u7g g]kfn /fli6«o sd{rf/L dxf;ª\3 klg ePsf] 5 . u'6ut /fhgLlts} sf/0f dhb'/ ;ª\u7g tLg 6'qmfdf ljeflht eO;s]sf] 5 eg] c9fO{ jif{cl3 dfq u7g ePsf] dxf;ª\3 klg ljefhgsf] l8ndf k'u]sf] 5 .

!! j6f 36s ;ª\3nfO{ ldnfP/ c9fO{ jif{cl3 dxf;ª\3 u7g ul/Psf] lyof] . t/, u'6ut /fhgLltsf sf/0f Psk6s;Dd g t s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7s g} a;]sf] 5, g t kbflwsf/L a}7s g} . slt;Dd eg] dxf;ª\3sf kbflwsf/LaLr af]nrfn g} aGb ePsf] 5 . dxf;ª\3sf] cWoIf /Sd nfld5fg] 5g\ . pgL kf6L{ pkfWoIf df]xg j}Blgs6 x'g\ .

dxf;ª\3df cfa4 !! j6f ;ª\u7gdWo] cWoIf ?Sd nfld5fg]sf kIfdf hDdf Pp6f dfq ;ª\u7g /x]sf] 5 . hDdf ^ bh{geGbf a9L k|lti7fg :t/sf o'lgog / !! j6f /fli6«o :t/sf ;ª\u7g ldnL ag]sf] dxf;ª\3df ?Sdsf kIfdf ;+:yfg /fli6«o ;ldlt dfq /x]sf] 5 . o;sf cWoIf uf]kfnl;+x wfdL 5g\ . af“sL ;ª\u7gx¿df $ j6f afa'/fd / ^ j6f k|r08 kIfdf plePsf 5g\ . afa'/fd kIfdf uf]/vfs} ofdgfy kf]v/]n cWoIf /x]sf] /fli6«o lghfdtL sd{rf/L ;ª\u7g, ofds} bfh' d'lQm kf]v/]nn] g]t[Tj u/]sf] u}/;/sf/L :jfoQ ;ª\3, afa'/fds} efO lzj e§/fO{ cWoIf /x]sf] k|flws/0f /fli6«o ;ldlt / emfkfd} d'Vo sfof{no /x]sf] /fdk|;fb vltj8fsf] cWoIftfdf /x]sf] lrof aufg /fli6«o ;ldlt /x]sf 5g\ .

k|r08sf kIfdf eg] :yfgLo lgsfo /fli6«o ;ldlt, ljQLo tyf a}ª\lsª /fli6«o ;ldlt, ;/sf/L :jfoQ /fli6«o ;ldlt, :jf:Yo /fli6«o ;ldlt, ljZjljBfno /fli6«o ;ldlt / skf]{/];g /fli6«o ;ldlt /x]sf 5g\ . oL ;ldltx¿sf cWoIfdf qmdzM ;'zLn kf}8]n, ch'{g sfsL{, /]jtL clwsf/L, lrqhª\u zfxL, bLks ltjf/L / lzj clwsf/L 5g\ .

g]kfn /fli6«o sd{rf/L dxf;ª\3sf] e[s'6Ld08kl:yt sfof{nodf kf6L{sf] tLg u'6adf]lhd cfkm"nfO{ ljeflht u/]sf cWoIf, pkfWoIf / dxf;lrjn] dflyNnf] tnfsf] tLg sf]7fnfO{ cf–cfkm\gf sfof{no agfPsf 5g\ . j}B u'6df /x]sf ?Sd 7"nf] sf]7fdf, k|r08 kIfsf jl/i7 pkfWoIf dw';'bg clwsf/L ;fgf]df / csf]{ dWod sf]7fdf e§/fO{ kIfsf dxf;lrj 7fs'/ b]jsf]6f a:g] u/]sf 5g\ . lbgx'“h;f] Toxf“ k'Ug] tLg kIfsf sd{rf/L g]tfdWo] dw' / df]xgsf] ;fdfGo af]nrfn x'g] eP klg ?Sd;“u b'j}sf] af]nrfn x'g] u/]sf] 5}g . dxf;ª\3sf !! j6f ;ldltx¿dWo] ;a}eGbf a9L ^ 36s cfkm\gf kIfdf kf/]sf dw' ;aeGbf ;fgf] sf]7fdf, $ j6f 36ssf] g]t[Tj ug]{ df]xg clns 7"nf]df / Pp6f dfq 36ssf] g]tf ag]sf ?Sd eg] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] sf]7fdf a:g] u/]sf]k|lt klg dxf;ª\3df k|fo rrf{ x'g] u/]sf] 5 .

kf6L{ s]Gb|df b]vfk/]sf u'6sf sf/0f a? dxf;ª\3 lgdf{0f ePnuQ} u'6 lgdf{0f tLj| ¿kdf cl3 a9]sf] Ps kbflwsf/Ln] pNn]v u/] . dxf;ª\3sf] sfof{no u'6 lgdf{0fsf nflu dfq k|of]u ePsf] / ;a}h;f] ;+:yfksx¿ u'6df nfu]sf eP klg o;dWo]s} Ps gLns07 ltjf/L eg] xfn;Dd st} klg gv'n]sf] pgn] atfP . ;a}nfO{ ;d]6\g] dxŒjfsfª\Iff lnP/ u'6df gnfu] klg s'g} kIfsf] klg ljZjf; lhTg g;s]kl5 pgL otf g ptfsf ePsf 5g\ .


emf]nfdf vf]nf /fVg]x¿ efuefu

zGt/fd lj8f/L

sf7df8f}“ . emf]nfdf vf]nf cf]u6]/ a:g]x¿sf] clxn] efufefu ePsf] 5 . tTsfnLg pmhf{dGqL uf]s0f{ lji6n] gof“ sfo{ljlwdfkm{t cfof]hgfsf] cg'dlt lnP/ klg sfd gug]{x¿nfO{ km]l/ k|lt:kwf{af6 cg'dlt lng'kg]{ Joj:yf u/]kl5 pgLx¿sf] efuefu ePsf] xf] .

cfof]hgf ;~rfng ug{ ;Sg]n] cg'dlt gkfpg] t/ ljQLo / k|fljlws Ifdtf gx'g]n] cg'dltkq cf]u6]sf] b]lvPkl5 dGqL lji6n] gof“ sfo{ljlw NofPsf x'g\ . lagfk|lt:kwf{ lgj]bgsf e/df cfof]hgfsf] cg'dltkq lb“bf kf/bzL{ x'“b}g lyof] eg] cfly{s rnv]n Jofks a9\g] u/]sf] u'gf;f] lyof] . pmhf{ If]qdf k|z+;gLo sfo{ u/]/ rrf{ sdfPsf pgn] sl/a !% xhf/ cfof]hgf ;fx;k"j{s /2 ul/lbP . :jb]zL / ljb]zL nufgLstf{sf] u/L @^ xhf/ d]ufjf6 Ifdtfsf] cg'dltkq /2 u/]kl5 gof“ cfof]hgfsf] :jLs[lt km]l/ k|lt:kwf{dfkm{t ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . kx'“r / cfly{s k|efj pkof]u u/]s} e/df lgj]bg xfNgf;fy cg'dltkq lng] k/Dk/f tf]l8Pkl5 pmhf{ If]qdf v}nfa}nf dlRrPsf] 5 . …7"n} l/S;Ú lnP/ pmhf{ If]qdf ljlw a;fpg gof“ sfo{ljlw NofPsf]Ú Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o;d]t /x]sf lji6 atfp“5g\ .

vf;vf; JolQm / ;d"xn] dfq cfof]hgf cf]u6\g] k/Dk/fnfO{ gof“ ljlwn] k"0f{tof cGTo u/]sf] pgsf] egfO 5 . /2 ul/Psf cfof]hgfx¿ !) d]ufjf6b]lv !))) d]ufjf6;Ddsf lyP . tLdWo] clwsf+z cfof]hgfdf /fhgLlt1, hn;|f]tlj1, k|flws/0fs} sd{rf/L, pBf]uL Joj;foL / s]xL pmhf{ dflkmof k|ToIf jf ck|ToIf ¿kdf ;+nUg ePsf lyP . h;sf] :jfy{ k"/f x'g glbPsf] eg]/ cem} pgnfO{ y'k|} dfG5]x¿ wf/]xft nufp“5g\ . axfnfjfnf sd{rf/L, k|flws/0fsf kbflwsf/L / /fhgLLts JolQmTjsf] ;+nUgtf eP/ cfof]hgf btf{ ug{ NofOP To:tf] JolQm kbdf axfn /x];Dd cg'dltkq hf/L ug]{ ;Dk"0f{ sfo{ljlw :ylut x'g] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . Tolt dfq xf]Og, s;}n] cg'dltkq k|fKt u/]sf] jf ;+:yfks ;]o/sf] ¿kdf nufgL u/]sf] s'/f k|dfl0ft ePdf To:tf] cg'dltkq :jtM /2 x'g] Joj:yf sfo{ljlwn] u/]sf] 5 .

cfof]hgfsf] sfof{Gjog v'nf, :jR5 / kf/bzL{ 9ª\uaf6 ug{ / k|lt:kwf{sf] dfWod ckgfpg] ;'? ul/Psfn] k|j4{sx¿af6 ;/sf/nfO{ /fh:j klg a9\b} uPsf] 5 . k|lt:kwf{sf dfWodaf6 cfof]hgf 5gf]6 ubf{ ljB't\sf] dfu, If]qLo ;Gt'ng, cfof]hgf :ynsf] ;'udgtf, k"jf{wf/x¿sf] ;'ljwf tyf lgof{tsf] ;DefjgfnfO{ ;d]t ljrf/ ul/g'kg]{ pNn]v 5 .

a9\bf] nf]8;]l8ª sd ug{ lghL If]qsf k|j4{sx¿nfO{ k|f]T;fxg ug'{kg]{df ;a}sf] hf]8 5 . To;sf nflu lghL If]qn] cfof]hgfsf] klxrfg ug]{ / /fHon] ;Sbf] ;xof]u ug]{ gLlt nfu" ug{ lj1x¿n] ;'emfj lb“b} cfPsf 5g\ . lgj]bgsf e/df cg'dltkq af“8\bf sfd ug{ g;Sg]n] cfof]hgf sAhf ug]{ k|j[lQ a9\g'sf ;fy} o;n] d'n'ssf] ljB't\ ljsf; x'g g;s]sf] ljB't\ ljsf; ljefusf OlGhlgo/ ;~hLj a/fn atfp“5g\ . ;/sf/ cfkm}“n] lgdf{0f ug{ rfx]sf] a]nf eg] cfof]hgf gkfpg] vt/f a9]sfn] cf]u6\g]x¿nfO{ cg'dltkq lbg aGb ug'{ ;/sf/sf] afWotf x'g uPsf] pgn] atfP .

hnljB't\ cg'dltkq Joj:yfkg -cfGtl/s_ sfo{ljlw )^* df hnljB't\ cfof]hgfsf] k|j4{g / ljsf; ug{sf nflu hf/L ul/g] cg'dltkq tyf ;f]sf] gjLs/0f;DaGwL cfGtl/s lg0f{o k|lqmofnfO{ cem a9L :ki6, ;/n, kf/bzL{ / hjfkmb]xL agfpg] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . /, b'O{ jif{sf] cjlwleq ;DkGg ug]{ u/L tof/ ul/Psf] ljB't\ pTkfbgsf] ;j]{If0f / sfo{tflnsf;d]t 6]G8/ k|lt:kwf{df pNn]v ug'{kg]{5 . To;df lj:t[t ;DefJotf cWoog / jftfj/0fLo cWoogsf] k|ltj]bg klg pNn]v ug'{kg]{ Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . ut z'qmaf/;Ddsf] tYofª\scg';f/ clxn] g]kfndf ! d]ufjf6eGbf sd Ifdtfsf @)@, @% d]ufjf6;Ddsf @!#, !)) d]ufjf6;Ddsf ^), !)) d]ufjf6eGbf dflysf #& j6f / lgdf{0ffwLg ^^ cfof]hgfn] cg'dltkq lnPsf] b]lvG5 . ljB't\ ljsf; ljefusf] tYofª\scg';f/ ! d]ufjf6eGbf sd Ifdtfsf @)@ j6f cfof]hgfaf6 !$(=!) * d]ufjf6, @% d]ufjf6;Ddsf @!# cfof]hgfaf6 !$#)=^&* d]ufjf6, !)) d]ufjf6;Ddsf ^) j6f cfof]hgfaf6 #,!#$=*@ d]ufjf6 / !)) d]ufjf6eGbf dflysf #& j6f cfof]hgfaf6 !!,!!(, !@ d]ufjf6 ljB't\ pTkfbg x'g] Ifdtf /fVb5 . To:t}, lgdf{0ffwLg ^^ j6f cfof]hgfaf6 !,$&!=%%^ d]ufjf6 ljB't\ pTkfbg x'g] pNn]v 5 . hn;|f]tsf] wgL eg]/ ljZjdf lrlgPsf] xfd|f] b]zdf cf]ul6Pcg';f/ @ jif{leq tL lah'nL pTkfbg eO;Sg] xf] eg] pmhf{ If]qdf qmflGt g} x'g] OlGhlgo/ a/fn atfp“5g\ .

g]kfndf ^ xhf/eGbf a9L ljB't\ pTkfbg of]Uo vf]nfgfnf ePsf] atfOG5 . ltgLx¿sf] s'n nDafO{ @@% So'ljs ld6/ /x]sf] 5 . To;dWo] d'Vo gbL sf];L, u08sL, s0ff{nL / dxfsfnLnufot 7"nf gbLdf cfwfl/t kl/of]hgf ;~rfng ug{;s] g]kfnsf] ljB't\ cefj l56f] k"lt{ ug{ ;lsg] atfOG5 .


Psn dlxnf ls;fgnfO{ C0fsf] dfu

sf7df8f}“ . clvn g]kfn ls;fg dxf;ª\3n] Psn dlxnf ls;fgnfO{ s[lif Joj;fodf k|j4{g ug]{ ;x'lnotdf C0f k|jfx ug{ /fHonfO{ dfu u/]sf] 5 . ut cfOtaf/ / ;f]daf/ ;DkGg s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7sn] s[lif Joj;fodf Psn dlxnfnfO{ k|j4{g ug]{ vfnsf sfo{qmd Nofpg hf]8 lbPsf] xf] .

dxf;ª\3n] s[lifnfO{ Jofj;foLs/0f ug]{ Psn dlxnf ls;fgnfO{ ;ª\ul7t ub}{ n}hfg] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . xfn;Dd dxf;ª\3n] !^ lhNnfdf dlxnf ls;fgx¿sf] ;ª\u7g lgdf{0f ul/;s]sf] 5 . To:t}, wfgsf] d"No lgwf{/0f ug{ ;/sf/;“u dfu u/]sf] :yfoL sld6L ;b:o 8f= s]zj v8\sfn] atfP .


r'gfjsf] tof/Ldf nfUg lgb]{zg

kmfv]n . g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] ufp“sf sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ r'gfjsf] tof/Ldf nfUg lgb]{zg lbg'ePsf] 5 .

;f]daf/ pQ/L dsjfgk'/sf] kmfv]ndf cfof]hgf ul/Psf] sfo{stf{ e]nfnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ cWoIf vgfnn] gof“ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f;“u} r'gfj lglZrt ePsfn] To;tkm{ s]lGb|t x'g sfo{stf{nfO{ cg'/f]w ug'{eof] . kmfv]nsf] v8\a'l:yt ldt]/L o'jf Snasf] ejgdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pjd\ dsjfgk'/ OGrfh{ jL/axfb'/ nfdf, dsjfgk'/ lhNnf sld6L ;b:o ;'jf; 7s'/L, b]js[i0f k'8f;}gL, sf7df8f}“ lhNnf sld6L ;b:o u'Ghdfg l;+x a:g]tnufotn] k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

ufp“ sld6L ;b:o s]z//fh nfdfsf] ;efkltTjdf ePsf] e]nfsf] s'G;fª nfdfn] ;~rfng / hLjg nfdfn] :jfut ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

o;}aLr, cWoIf vgfnn] ;f]daf/ g} oxf“l:yt Ps dfWolds ljBfnosf] :t/f]Ggltsf nflu ;xof]u ug{ cfof]hgf ul/Psf] >Ldb\efujt dxfo1sf] pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] 5 . dxfr'gL dfljnfO{ pRr dfljdf ¿kfGt/0f ug{ dxfo1 nufOPsf] xf] . cWoIf vgfnn] kfg;df åLk k|Hjng u/L dxfo1sf] pb\3f6g ub}{ cfkm";“u tTsfn ePsf] kf“r xhf/ ?lkof“ ;xof]u ug'{eof] . pb\3f6g dGtJosf qmddf k"j{k|wfgdGqL;d]t vgfnn] zflGt / ;+ljwfg 6'ª\uf]df gk'u];Dd z}lIfs ljsf; gx'g] eGb} ;a}n] Wofg zflGt / ;+ljwfgd} ch'{gb[li6 ug'{kg]{ atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o jL/axfb'/ nfdf, g]kfnL sfª\u|];sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf k"j{ hn;|f]t /fHodGqL dxfnIdL pkfWofo l8gfnufotn] z}lIfs ljsf;sf nflu ;a}n] ;xof]u ug'{kg]{ atfpg'eof] .

d"n cfof]hs ;ldltsf ;+of]hs lji0f's'df/ sfsL{n] ;a}nfO{ ;Sbf] ;xof]u u/L z}lIfs pGgogdf 6]jf k'¥ofpg cfu|x ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

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