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d'Vo ;dfrf/
 
j}B kIfsf] gf/f
rf/a'“b] ;Demf}tf vf/]hL / ;/sf/ lj36g

sf7df8f}“ . cfGtl/s ljjfb rls{+b} uPkl5 dfcf]jfbLsf pkfWoIf df]xg j}B kIfw/n] /fli6«o ;xdltsf] ;/sf/ lgdf{0fsf nflu jt{dfg ;/sf/ lj36g ug'{kg]{ gf/f cl3 ;fg]{ ePsf] 5 . kf6L{n] p7fp“b} cfPsf] ;xdltsf] gf/f kl/Tofu u/L ax'dtsf] ;/sf/ agfOPkl5 To;nfO{ lj:yflkt ug{ j}B kIfn] pQm gf/f cl3 ;fg{ nfu]sf] ;|f]tn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . ‘xfdL clxn] To;sf] tof/Ldf 5f}“ – Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] eg]– ‘lxhf] c¿sf] ;/sf/ x'“bf /fli6«o ;xdltsf] gf/f nufpg] clg clxn] cfkm"n] g]t[Tj ubf{ rflx“ /fli6«o ;xdlt grflxg] < To;}n] xfdL of] gf/f cl3 ;fb}{ 5f}“ .

c;f]h !# af6 x'g] elgPsf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7ssf] cf;kf;df pQm k|:tfj cl3 ;fg]{ pgn] atfP . clxn] To;sf] tof/L eO/x]sf] klg pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . cfkm"x¿nfO{ zflGt / ;+ljwfglj/f]wL b]vfpg vf]lhPsf] eGb} j}B kIfn] cfqmfds ¿kdf gof“ k|:tfj Nofpg] tof/L klg ul//x]sf] 5 . …xfdLnfO{ zflGt / ;+ljwfglj/f]wL b]vfpg vf]lhPsf] 5Ú– tL s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] eg]– …To;nfO{ sfpG6/ lbg] u/L xfdL zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf nflu gof“ k|:tfj Nofp5f}“ .Ú To:tf] k|:tfjsf af/]df yk gv'nfP klg pgn] dfcf]jfbLsf] :jTj gu'Dg] u/L k|:tfj Nofpg] hfgsf/L lbP . …xfdLn] lxhf] h]sf nflu n8\of}“, Tof] dfGotf lj:yflkt x'g] u/L ul/g] s'g} klg ;Demf}tfdf xfdLnfO{ dfGo x'“b}g .Ú o;af6 klg j}B kIf yk s7f]/ ¿kdf k|:t't x'g] ;Defjgf b]lvPsf] 5 .

;fy}, j}B kIfn] dw];L bnx¿;“u ePsf] rf/a'“b] ;xdlt vf/]hLsf] gf/f klg rsf{pg] ePsf] 5 . …Pdfn]n] klg ToxL dfu u/]sf] 5Ú– Ps g]tfn] eg]– …/fi6«3ftL o; ;Demf}tfsf] vf/]hLsf nflu xfdL Pdfn]–sfª\u|];nufotsf bnx¿;“u klg 5nkmn ub}{ 5f}“ .Ú Pdfn] g]t[Tj;“u Ps r/0f s'/fsfgL eO/x]sf] klg pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . …b; jif{ o'4 n8]sf kf6L{sf hgd'lQm ;]gfnfO{ ;ft xhf/sf] ;ª\Vofdf ;dfof]hg ug]{ clg dw];LnfO{ Ps}k6s b; xhf/ ;dof]hg ug]{ s'/f Gofoff]lrt 5}gÚ– Ps kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:on] a'waf/;“u eg]— …;d:of/lxt rLg;“u / ;d:of ePsf] ef/t;“u Pp6} b"/L /fVg] s'/f kf6L{sf] 3f]lift gLltsf] alv{nfk 5 . o;df klg xfd|f] cfklQ 5 .Ú

sfo{stf{ cfkm\gf] kIfdf ePsf] cf“sng

j}B kIfn] b]zJofkL ¿kdf u/]sf] cf“sngcg';f/ kf6L{sf] n8fs' zlQm / sfo{stf{ cfkm\gf] kIfdf /x]sf] lgisif{ lgsfn]sf] 5 . ljleGg If]qdf s]Gb|Lo g]tfx¿nfO{ v6fP/ o;aLrdf j}B kIfn] ;"Id ¿kdf l:yltsf] cf“sng u/]sf] 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, gof“ kf6L{ agfpg'kbf{ cfkm\gf] kIfdf slt zlQm /xG5 eGg] cfwf/df efjL /0fgLlt to ug{sf nflu j}B kIfn] leqleq} u[xsfo{ ul//x]sf] 5 . s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7s cl3 klg ljleGg txsf e]nf, k|lzIf0f / 5nkmnx¿ hf/L /xg] atfOPsf] 5 .

clxn]sf] ! ;o $* ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf hDdf $^ hgf ;b:o 5g\ . t/, To;n] cfkm"nfO{ km/s gkfg]{ j}B kIfsf] bfaL 5 . …lxhf] hgo'4 rnfpg] s]Gb|Lo sld6Ldf (% hgf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o lyPÚ– csf{ Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] eg]– …To; cfwf/df x]bf{ xfdL clxn] klg cNkdtdf 5}gf}“ .Ú g]t[Tj cfj]u / ljj]ssf] ;+of]hg ePsf] pNn]v ub}{ pgn] eg]– …o'4kl5 cfPsf ;fyLx¿n] ljj]s t k|of]u ug{ ;Sg'xf]nf t/ cfGbf]ngsf] cfj]u pxf“x¿;“u 5}g / dfcf]jfbL s] xf] eGg] s'/f klg pxf“x¿n] a'em\g ;Sg'x'Gg . To;}n] k|fljlws ¿kdf h'6fOPsf] ax'dt stf 5 eGg] s'/fdf xfdLnfO{ lrGtf 5}g . ;xL ljrf/ ePkl5 o:tf ;ª\Vof h'6\b} hfG5g\ .Ú Pdfn]df slxNo} s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf k'Ug g;Sg] wd{bQ b]jsf]6f / dfn]sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf klg kg{ g;s]sf lbg]z kGyL h:tfnfO{ Ps}k6s dfcf]jfbLsf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf NofOPsf] pbfx/0f lb“b} pgn] k|Zg u/]– …ca eGg'xf];\ s] ltgLx¿n] dfcf]jfbLsf] k|ltlglwTj ug{ ;S5g\ < ltgLx¿;“u dfcf]jfbL cfj]u x'G5 <Ú cfkm"x¿ o'4df /x]sf] a]nf dfcf]jfbLn] a:g lbPgg\ eg]/ a]lNhoddf z/0f lnP/ ut jif{ dfq g]kfn kms]{sL ;ljgf cof{n klg cfkm\gf] kf6L{sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf /x]sf] csf]{ pbfx/0f lb“b} pgn] eg]– …o'4sf] a]nf h;sf] ljrf/ h] lyof], pgLx¿ ToxL 7fp“df 5g\ . k|r08 jf afa'/fdsf kIfdf plePsf ltgLx¿k|lt xfd|f] eGg' s]xL 5}g . t/, gf/fo0fsfhL k|j[lQnfO{ ;fydf lnP/ xfdLnfO{ k]Ng vf]lhG5 eg] xfdL k]lng]jfnf 5}gf}“ .Ú clxn] ;/sf/L lgo'lQm, cfkmGtnfO{ hflu/, ;?jf–a9'jf h:tf s'/fnfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ sltko s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿ lx“l8/x]sf] pNn]v ub}{ pgn] eg]– …of] b]Vbf s:tf] kf6L{df nfluP5 eg]/ l3g nfUg] l:ylt ag]sf] 5 .Ú

wf]sfsf] abnf lng] bfp

cWoIf bfxfnnfO{ 3'“8f 6]sfpg lg0ff{os e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf] ax'rlr{t wf]aL3f6 e]nfs} andf k|wfgdGqL ag]sf pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] cfkm"x¿nfO{ wf]sf lbPsf] lgisif{ j}B kIfn] lgsfn]sf] 5 . pkfWoIf j}Bsf] ;'?d} e§/fO{k|lt Tolt 7"nf] e/f];f gePsf] / pgn] s'g} klg a]nf wf]sf kfpg ;lsG5 eGbfeGb} cfkm"x¿s} kxndf e]nf eP klg olt l5§} wf]sf kfOPnf eg]/ cfkm"x¿n] g;f]r]sf] Ps csf{ g]tfn] atfP . pgn] eg]– …afa'/fdhLaf6 olt w]/} cg}lts sfd xf]nf eGg] cfzf xfdLn] u/]sf lyPgf}“ . k|wfgdGqL xfd|f] andf aGg'eof], t/ 3ft xfdLdfly g} ug'{eof] . pxf“n] o;sf] abnf r'sfpg'k5{ .Ú PsfPs sG6]g/sf] ;f“rf] a'emfP/ s'g} axfb'/L gePsf] s'/f oltsf lbg;Dd klg ;d:of ;dfwfg gx'g'n] k'li6 u/]sf] eGb} j}B kIfn] To;}nfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ afa'/fddfly k|xf/ ug]{ of]hgf cl3 ;f/]sf] 5 .

;/sf/ agfpg ef/tsf] xft

j}B kIfn] jt{dfg ;/sf/ agfpg blIf0fL ef/tsf] xft /x]sf] lgisif{ lgsfn]sf] 5 . c¿ w]/} g]tfn] ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf gaf]n] klg ;lrj ;LkL uh'/]n / :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o b]j u'?ªn] ;fj{hlgs ¿kd} pQm cf/f]k nufO;s]sf 5g\ . ef/ts} Ozf/fdf rNg] cf/f]k nfu]sf t/fO{s]lGb|t bnx¿;“u PsfPs ;Demf}tf x'g', jftf{sf qmddf jftf{ ;ldltdf ePsf] j}B / uh'/]nnfO{ s'g} hfgsf/L glbg', pgL pgLx¿n] Pstfa4 eP/ e§/fO{sf kIfdf dtbfg ug'{n] kbf{k5fl8 ef/tn] g} e"ldsf lgjf{x ul//x]sf] lgisif{ j}B kIfsf] 5 . …afa'/fdhLsf] lxhf]b]lvsf] h'g nfOg lyof], ToxL nfOgsf cfwf/df pxf“ cl3 a9\g'ePsf] 5 / ;/sf/ klg ToxL nfOgsf] lg/Gt/tfsf] ¿kdf ag]sf] 5Ú– dfcf]jfbL lgs6 Ps a'l4hLjL eG5g\– …o;nfO{ krfpg j}B kIfnfO{ lgs} ufx|f] b]lvG5 .Ú

afa'/fd ;fd"lxs g]t[Tj / ;+:yfut kl/kf6LcGtu{t rNg]eGbf klg JolQmut ¿kdf s;/L nf]slk|o x'g] eGg]df s]lGb|t /xg] k|j[lQsf] g]tf ePsf] eGb} j}B kIfw/ Ps s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] yk]– …clxn] pxf“n] cToGt ;fgf] ;ª\Vofdf /x]sf] cfkm\gf] l6d klg rnfpg g;Sg'n] pxf“sf] ljz]iftf emlNsG5 .Ú kf6L{sf] sfo{sf/L k|d'v gePsf sf/0f /x]sf] ;~rf/dfWodsf] ;b\efj, cy{dGqL x'“bf cfwf/e"t ju{nfO{ Wofg glbP klg /fh:jdf u/]sf] j[l4, ef/tLo ;b\efj / af]8{ k|yd ePsf sf/0f cfd dflg;df /x]sf] ;sf/fTds k|efjsf afa'/fdsf] aflx/L 5lj /fd|f] b]lvP klg pgL kf6L{leq lgs} sdhf]/ 5g\ . ! ;o $* ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf pgsf kIfdf hDdf @@ hgf ;b:o 5g\ . …o'4sfnsf hDdfhDdL !!÷!@ hgf pgsf kIfdf 5g\Ú – ;|f]tn] eGof] .

sfª\u|];–Pdfn]n] ;3fpg] 8/

j}B kIfnfO{ e§/fO{ g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/nfO{ sfª\u|];–Pdfn]n] ;3fpg] 8/ 5 . jt{dfg ;/sf/ 9fNg kxn ug'{k/]df kl5 gkg]{ lgisif{ lgsfn]sf] pQm ;d"xn] t/ cfkm"n] lj/f]w u/]kl5 sfª\u|];–Pdfn] sf“w yfKg] x'g\ ls eGg]df pgLx¿ cfzª\lst 5g\ . …sfª\u|]; Pdfn] xfd|f] kf6L{nfO{ cfkm\gf] nfOgdf Nofpg rfxG5g\ . xfd|f] d"n g]t[Tj klg To;}sf nflu k|oTgzLn 5 / ;/sf/ klg ToxL lx;fadf agfOPsf] 5Ú– Ps g]tf eG5g\– …To;}n] xfdLn] lj/f]w ubf{ pgLx¿n] sf“w yfKg] ;Defjgf /xG5 .Ú


o'6LPnåf/f Ps ca{ gltg{ nlaª

sf7df8f}“ . ;+;b\sf] ;fj{hlgs n]vf ;ldltn] k6s–k6ssf] lgb]{zg / g]kfn b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fsf] tfs]tfljk/Lt ef/tLo sDkgL o'6LPnn] ;/sf/nfO{ a'emfpg'kg]{ emG8} Ps ca{ /f]oN6L gltg{ nlaª tLj| kf/]sf] 5 . o;sf nflu o"6LPnsf clwsf/Ln] cy{dGqL jif{dfg k'gb]lv dGqfnosf pRr clwsf/L;DdnfO{ v';L kfg]{ cleofg rnfPsf 5g\ .

;f]daf/ n]vf ;ldltsf] a}7sdf o'6LPnsf cWoIf s'nbLk l;+xn] xfsfxfsL …;/sf/;“u s'/fsfgL eO/x]sf]Ú eGb} /fh:j ga'emfpg] atfPsf] ;f“em xf]6n ;f]N6Ldf cy{dGqL k'g;lxt ;/sf/L clwsf/LnfO{ ef]h lbP/ dgfpg] k|of; u/]sf 5g\ . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, pQm ef]hdf o"6LPnsf clwsf/L dfq geP/ g]kfnl:yt ef/tLo /fhb"t hoGt k|;fb klg ;xefuL lyP .

o"6LPnsf cWoIf l;+x, af]8{ ;b:oåo P;s] u'Ktf / ljgf]bs'df/ zdf{, ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfnosf ;lrj >Lw/ uf}td, cy{ dGqfnosf ;lrj s[i0fxl/ af“:sf]6f, b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fsf cWoIf e]if/fh s“8]nnufot ;xefuL lyP . c¿ ;xefuLx¿ ;ft} ah] ;f]N6L k'u]sf lyP eg] /fhb"t k|;fb cf7 ah] / dGqL k'g gf} ah] Toxf“ k'u]sf] Ps ;xefuLn] atfP . pgsf cg';f/, e]6sf qmddf v'n]/ /fhb"t k|;fbn] o"6LPnn] (% s/f]8 /f]oN6L ltg{ g;Sg] eGb} ldgfxsf nflu cg'/f]w u/]sf lyP . tL ;xefuLn] eg]– …Jofkfl/s k|lti7fgsf] s'/fnfO{ s"6gLlts ljifo agfP/ /fhb"tn] To;/L v'n]/ s'/f unf{g\ eGg] xfdLnfO{ nfu]sf] lyPg .Ú k|flws/0fn] b'O{k6s /f]oN6L ldgfx ug{ gx'g] l;kmfl/; ul/;s]sf] 5 . o"6LPnn] u/]sf] k'g/fj]bgdfly lg0f{o ub}{ cfOtaf/ k|flws/0fn] ltg}{kg]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 .

ef]hdf ;xefuL s“8]nn] cfkm"nfO{ To;af/] yfxf gePsf] k|ltlqmof lbP klg 3'dfp/f] kf/fdf nlaª eO/x]sf] :jLsf/ u/] . pgn] a'waf/;“u eg]– …pgLx¿n] ;+;b\d} dGqLnfO{ e]6\5f}“ eg]sf lyP, e]6] xf]nfg\ . ef/tLox¿n] slxn] kf] nlaª u/]sf 5}gg\ / <Ú

o'6LPnn] zfxLsfndf ^# lbg cfkm\gf] ;]jf cj?4 ePsf] sf/0f hgfp“b} /f]oN6L ldgfxsf nflu cfu|x ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . t/, ;f]xL sf/0fn] p;n] )^@ d} !* s/f]8 ^) nfv /f]oN6L ldgfx kfO;s]sf] 5 . …Pp6} sf/0f b]vfP/ b'O{k6s s'g} xfntdf klg /f]oN6L ldgfx ug{ ;ls“b}gÚ– n]vf ;ldltsf Ps ;b:on] eg]– …of] s'/f a'em]/ klg ;/sf/nfO{ ef/tLo kIfaf6 bafa kl//x]sf] xfdLn] a'em]sf 5f}“ .Ú g]kfndf kmf]g ;~rfng ug{ o'6LPnn] !) jif{df ! ca{ (! s/f]8 ?lkof“ / s'n cfDbfgLsf] rf/ k|ltztdWo] h'g a9L x'G5, ToxL /sd a'emfpg] ;Demf}tf u/]sf] lyof] . ut cfly{s jif{;Dd dfq} p;n] ltg{ af“sL /sd (% s/f]8 ePsf]df To;otfsf] /sd;d]t hf]8\bf of] /sd ! ca{ % s/f]8sf] xf/fxf/L ePsf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . o"6LPndf *) k|ltzt ef/tLo sDkgLx¿sf] nufgL 5 eg] !% k|ltzt /3'jL/ dxf;]7 / kf“r k|ltzt ljzfn u|'ksf] nufgL 5 .


Ps gDa/ k|fyldstf o'6LPn

;/sf/L

sd{rf/LnfO{ k|efljt kfg]{ sfd t 5“b} 5, ef/tn] s"6gLlts s'/fsfgLx¿df klg o"6LPnnfO{ Ps gDa/df /fVg] u/]sf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{nfO{ e]6\bf ut ;ftf ef/tLo /fhb"t hoGt k|;fbn] o;nfO{ k|fyldstfsf ;fy p7fPsf] ;|f]tsf bfaL 5 . o;cl3sf k|wfgdGqL emngfy vgfnsf kfnfdf tTsfnLg /fhb"t /fs]z ;"bn] klg oxL ljifodf af/Daf/ s'/f p7fPkl5 d'Vo;lrj dfwjk|;fb l3ld/]nfO{ cfjZos sbd rfNg pgn] lgb]{zg lbPsf lyP . To;nuQ} d'Vo;lrj l3ld/]n] cy{, ;~rf/, jfl0fHo, k//fi6« / sfg'g dGqfnosf ;lrjx¿nfO{ af]nfP/ a}7s u/]sf lyP . Ps ;xefuLsf cg';f/, Toxf“ ef/tn] rf;f] /fv]sf / ;dfwfg ug'{kg]{ (^ j6f ljifo p7]sf lyP, h;df o"6LPn klxnf] gDa/df lyof] . …ef/tLo kIfaf6 af/Daf/ bafa cfO/x]sf] 5Ú– Ps ;/sf/L clwsf/Ln] eg]– …xfd|f nflu of] 6fpsf] b'vfOsf] ljifo ag]sf] 5 .Ú

s:tf] 5 of]hgf <

k|flws/0fn] ldgfx ug{ g;lsg] l;kmfl/; u/] klg klxn]sf] glh/ b]vfp“b} ;/sf/af6 /sd ldgfx u/fpg] u/L o"6LPnn] cleofg rnfPsf] 5 . klxnf /sd ldgfx ubf{ zfxLsfnLg k|flws/0fn] klg ldgfx ug{ g;Sg] ;'emfj lbPsf] lyof] . …;/sf/n] cfkm"n] lng] /sd lnGg eGg ;S5Ú– k|flws/0fsf cWoIf s“8]nn] eg]– …klxnf klg k|flws/0fsf] lg0f{oljk/Lt o"6LPnnfO{ /fh:j ldgfx ul/Psf] lyof], clxn] klg ;/sf/n] ug{ ;S5 .Ú ;|f]tsf cg';f/, Ps ca{dWo] cfwf dfq} /sd ldgfx u/fpg ;Sbf klg %) s/f]8 /sd kmfObf x'g] ePsfn] pQm /sddWo] cfwf vr{ u/]/} eP klg ldgfx u/fO5f8\g] cleofgdf o"6LPn 5 . ;|f]tn] eGof]– …cfwf dfq} /sd ldgfx eof] eg] klg %) s/f]8 aR5 . To;af6 !)–!@ s/f]8 vr{ ubf{ klg cfkm"nfO{ kmfObf x'G5 eGg] o"6LPnsf] a'emfO 5 .Ú o;sf nflu pgLx¿n] cy{dGqL k'g / ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/dGqL h]kL u'KtfnfO{ xftdf lng] k|of; ul//x]sf 5g\ . …gof“ kf6L{ 5, rnfpg vr{kr{ rflxG5Ú eGb} pgLx¿n] u'KtfnfO{ kmsfpg] k|of; u/] klg u'Ktf :jod\n] ;/sf/df slt lbg al;G5 eGg] lgisif{df gk'lu;s]sfn] o;af/]df rf;f] lbPsf 5}gg\ .

dfcf]jfbL / dw];L bnx¿sf] ;/sf/ ePsf sf/0f b'j} kIfaLr ;xdlt ePdf dlGqkl/ifb\ a}7saf6 ;lhn} pQm lg0f{o u/fpg ;lsG5 . ef/tLo bafa cfp“bf dw];L bnx¿n] ;lhn} dfGg] / dfcf]jfbLdf jif{dfg k'gdfkm{t dgfpg ;lsg] lgisif{sf ;fy pgLx¿n] nlaª ul//x]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . k|flws/0fsf cWoIf s“8]nn] /fh:j ldgfx u/fpg g;Sbf o"6LPn;“u tLg j6f ljsNk /x]sf] atfP  . pgn] eg]– …tf]lsPsf] /fh:j ltg'{, ;]jf aGb ug'{ jf cbfnt hfg'afx]s pm;“u c¿ s'g} pkfo 5}g .Ú


z/tl;+x afx|f}“ k6s dGqL

sf7df8f}“ . dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d -nf]stflGqs_ sf g]tfx¿n] k'/fgfnfO{ bf]xf]¥ofpg gx'g] c8fg lnPsf sf/0f klxnf] k6s zky /f]lsP klg z/tl;+x e08f/Ln] afx|f}“ k6s dGqL eP/ gof“ /]s8{ sfod u/]sf 5g\ . jt{dfg dlGqkl/ifb\df ;aeGbf a9L k6s dGqL x'g] e08f/L g} ePsf 5g\ .

t/, e08f/L :jod\nfO{ eg] cfkm" slt k6s dGqL eP“ eGg] x]Ssf /x]g5 . …tkfO{+ slt k6s dGqL aGg'eof] <Ú eGg] a'waf/sf] k|Zgdf pgn] eg]– …;ft k6s eP“ x'“nf .Ú t/, clxn] afx|f}“ k6s dGqL ePsf] hfgsf/L kfPkl5 pgn] cfZro{ dfGb} eg]– …P, d !@ k6s dGqL eO;s]5' †Ú

e08f/L klxnf] k6s k~rfotsf sfndf dl/rdfgl;+x >]i7 k|wfgdGqL x'“bf )$# c;f/ @ ut] k~rfot tyf :yfgLo ljsf; ;xfosdGqL ag]sf lyP . bf];|f] k6s ;f]xL jif{ ;/sf/ x]/km]/ x'“bf jfl0fHo /fHodGqL ePsf e08f/Ln] t];|f] k6s )$^ ebf} !$ / rf}yf] k6s )$^ s} r}t !( df klg ;f]xL lhDd]jf/L kfPsf lyP . k|hftGq k'gM:yfkgfkl5 eg] pgnfO{ 5 jif{;Dd dGqL aGg] ;+of]u h'/]g . )%@ d+l;/ @& ut] z]/axfb'/ b]pjfn] Oltxf;s} ;aeGbf 7"nf] dlGqkl/ifb\ agfPkl5 pgL kf“rf}“ k6s lagfljefuLo /fHodGqL ag] eg] 5}6f}“ k6s )%#

k'; @$ ut] a9'jf eP/ …km'nÚ dGqL ag]sf lyP . ;ftf}“ k6s ;"o{axfb'/ yfkfsf] g]t[Tjdf ;+o'Qm ;/sf/ aGbf o'jf, v]ns'b tyf ;+:s[ltdGqL ag]sf e08f/Ln] cf7f}“ k6s )%^ h]7 !& ut] s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{ g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/df klg ;f]xL dGqfno kfPsf lyP . gjf}“ k6s )%^ kmfu'g @& ut] dlGqkl/ifb\ k'gu{7g x'“bf eg] e08f/Ln] :jf:Yo dGqfno kfPsf lyP . )%* ;fpg !! ut] z]/axfb'/ b]pjfsf] dlGqkl/ifb\df !)cf}“ k6s dGqL x'“bf :jf:Yo dGqfnos} lhDd]jf/L kfPsf e08f/Ln] !! k6sdf dfwjs'df/ g]kfnsf] g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/df )^^ c;f/ @ ut] ko{6g tyf gful/s p8\8og dGqfno kfPsf lyP .

kmf]/d nf]stflGqsf pkfWoIf /fd]Zj/ /fo, dxf;lrj lht]Gb| b]jnufotn] tLj| lj/f]w ubf{ub}{ klg e08f/LnfO{ dGqL agfpg'sf k5fl8 kf6L{ cWoIf tyf pkk|wfgdGqL ljhos'df/ uR5bf/sf] dfq rfxgf geO{ ;dLs/0f agfpg dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf sf/0f k|wfgdGqL afa'/fd e§/fO{sf] klg rfxgf /x]sf] ;|f]tsf] egfO 5 . /ftf] kf;kf]6{ b'?kof]udf 5fglag eO/x]sf] eGb} lgnd adf{nfO{ dGqL gafOPkl5 pgL yk cfqmf]lzt ag]sL 5g\ .

clgn ;'6'Ss

ptf, nf]stflGqs dw];L df]rf{df cfa4 gePsf ;b\efjgf kf6L{af6 ljeflht clgns'df/ emfnfO{ PsfPs pBf]udGqL agfOPsf]df ;b\efjgfsf cWoIf tyf :jf:YodGqL /fh]Gb| dxtf]n] cfklQ hgfPsf 5g\ . l;w} b"tfjf;sf] lgb]{zgdf rNg] / pt}sf] cfb]zdf cfkm\gf] kf6L{ ljefhg u/]sf] cf/f]k nfUg] u/]sf emfnfO{ lsg dGqL agfOof] eGg] hjfkm k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{n] klg lbg ;s]sf 5}gg\ .


ef/tLo uf8L dfq lsGg] bfp

sf7df8f}“ . dfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{sf] g]t[Tjsf] jt{dfg ;/sf/n] ef/tnfO{ l/emfpg ;jf/L ;fwg vl/bdf klg gof“ lgb]{lzsf hf/L u/]sf] 5 . ;/sf/L uf8L vl/bdf /sdsf] xbaGbL tf]s]/ ;/sf/n] hgtfsf] cf“vfdf 5f/f] xfn]/ Psflt/ ;:tf] nf]slk|otf sdfpg] k|of; u/]sf] 5 eg] csf{lt/ ;Qf u7aGwgdf ;3fPsf] u'g ltg]{ /0fgLlt ckgfPsf] 5 .

gof“ lgb]{lzsfdfkm{t ;/sf/n] clwstd $) nfv ?lkof“;Ddsf] uf8L dfq ;/sf/L sfof{non] vl/b ug{ kfpg] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL x'gf;fy g]kfndf lgld{t d':tfª uf8L r9\bf e§/fO{n] lgs} k|rf/ kfPsf lyP . ToxL ;xfg'e"ltsf] hudf 6]s]/ pgn] cGttM ef/tsf] lxtdf gof“ lgb]{lzsf hf/L u/]sf] b]lvPsf] 5 . gof“ lgb]{lzsfcg';f/ ca ;x;lrjn] @) nfv;Ddsf], ;lrj jf ;f]eGbf dflysf sd{rf/Ln] #) nfv;Ddsf] / of]hgf jf lhNnf:t/sf sfof{nosf nflu $) nfv;Ddsf uf8L vl/b ug{ kfOg]5 .

g]kfnsf ;/sf/L sfof{nodf clwsf+z uf8L ;x;lrj:t/sf sd{rf/Lsf nflu k|of]u x'g] atfOG5 . o;sf/0f klg ca vl/b x'g]dWo] @) nfv;Ddsf] uf8Lsf] ;ª\Vof a9L x'G5 . g]kfndf laqmL x'g] uf8LdWo] olt ;:tf] d"Nodf laqmL x'g]df ef/tLo sDkgLaf6 pTkfbg ul/Psf uf8L dfq x'G5g\ . ef/tLo sDkgL 6f6f / dlxGb|f uf8Lsf] d"No cGo uf8Lsf] t'ngfdf sd 5 . ;/sf/n] NofPsf] of] gof“ lgb]{lzsf kfngf ePdf :jtM ef/tLo sDkgLnfO{ kmfObf x'g] b]lvG5 . g]kfnL ahf/df sf]l/og sDkgLn] x'G8fO / x\of]ª ;f]ª a|fG8, hfkfgsf] ;'h'sL, 6f]o6f, rLgsf] hf]To, dn]l;ofsf] k|f]6f]g a|fG8sf uf8L kfOG5g\ .

df]8ncg';f/ cGo b]zdf pTkflbt uf8L klg $) nfveGbf qmd d"Nosf 5g\, t/ tL 6f6f / dlxGb|f;“usf] ahf/ k|lt:kwf{df k5fl8 g} /x]sf] atfOG5 . …ef/tn] agfOlbPsf k|wfgdGqLÚ eg]/ dfcf]jfbLleqs} Pp6f kª\lQmaf6 lrq0f ul/Psf e§/fO{s} kxndf ;/sf/n] Pp6} tL/af6 b'O{6f l;sf/ ug]{ /0fgLltaf6 uf8L vl/baf/] gof“ lgb]{lzsf NofPsf] atfOG5 . s/f]8f}“ d"Nosf uf8Lsf] k|of]hgnfO{ cfd hgtfn] g?rfPsf a]nf o:tf] lg0f{on] hgtfsf] ljZjf; klg lhltg] / cGttM ;xof]uL l5d]sLnfO{ klg v';L kfg{ ;lsg] rnfvL ckgfOPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 .

;:tf / :jb]zL pTkfbgnfO{ k|f]T;fxg ug{ ;/sf/L vr{df ldtJolotf Nofpg ;fy} Ps¿ktf sfod ug{ o:tf] lgb]{lzsf NofPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . t/, em§ x]bf{ ;:tf d"Nosf uf8Laf6 tTsfn cfly{s ldtJolotf b]lvg] eP klg bL3{sfnLg ¿kdf emg} af]lemnf] x'g] atfOG5 . ;:tf] d"Nosf o:tf uf8Ldf k]6«f]n dfq k|of]u x'G5, h'g l8h]nsf] t'ngfdf dx“uf] x'G5 . of] lg0f{on] g]kfndf uf8Lsf] Jofkf/df eg] w]/} c;/ gkfg]{ Joj;foL atfp“5g\ . sf]l/og sDkgL x'G8fO{ a|fG8sf uf8L laqm]tf cfhfb >]i7 eG5g\– …xfdL;“u ;:tf] d"Nosf uf8L klg 5g\ . To;}n] Tof] lg0f{o s'g} k|efj kfb}{g .Ú j}B ;d"xsf] g]kfndf o'gfO6]8 6]«8;{ l;lG8s]6\;, uf]N5f ;d"xsf] sG:6]G6\; ljhg]; u'|k, rf}w/L ;d"xsf] c?0f OG6/ slG6g]G6N;, df]/ª c6f]jS;{, clUg OG6/skf]{/]6 cflbn] uf8L laqmL ug]{ u5{g\ .


u'Ktf bf]wf/df

sf7df8f}“ . dfcf]jfbL / dw];L df]rf{aLrsf] rf/a'“b] ;xdltsf k|d'v of]hgfsf/ Pjd\ dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d -u0ftflGqs_ sf cWoIf hok|sfzk|;fb u'Ktf Ps dlxgf gk'Ub} ;/sf/d} a:g] jf x6\g] eGg] bf]wf/df k'u]sf 5g\ .

g]skf -Pdfn]_ / g]kfnL sfª\u]|;h:tf k|ltkIfL kf6L{ dfq} xf]Og, dfcf]jfbLs} df]xg j}B kIfn] df]rf{;“u ePsf] rf/a'“b] ;xdlt vf/]h geP;Dd cfkm\gf] ;d"x ;/sf/df ghfg] r]tfjgL lb“b} ubf{ u'Ktf bf]wf/df k/]kl5 ;/sf/leq klg xnrn ;'? ePsf] 5 . zky u|x0fnuQ} a;]sf] dlGqkl/ifb\ a}7sdf k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] /fv]sf] ;/sf/sf] k|jQmfsf] k|:tfj 7f8} c:jLsf/ u/]/ g} u'Ktfn] o;sf] hgfplbO;s]sf lyP . dGqfno ;DxfNg yfn] klg u'Ktfn] cl3Nnf] ;/sf/n] u/]sf s'g} klg lgo'lQm x]/km]/ u/]sf 5}gg\ .

cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn kIfw/ clUg ;fksf]6f ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/dGqL x'“bf ul/Psf lgo'lQm km]/abn ug{ kfP cfkm\gf] dfG5] klg /fVg ;lsg] cfzdf /x]sf 8f= e§/fO{ lgs6:yx¿ g} ;~rf/sf] s'g} klg lgo'lQm grnfpg] u'Ktfsf] lg0f{okl5 cK7\of/f]df k/]sf 5g\ . ;|f]tsf cg';f/, bf]wf/df k/]sf u'Ktfn] b'O{lbg] dGqL eP/ lgo'lQmdf x]/km]/ u/]sf] eGg] ckh; v]Kg rfx]sf 5}gg\ . ToxL eP/ g} pgn] clxn];Dd ;~rf/ dGqfnosf] ;Nnfxsf/df ;d]t s;}nfO{ lgo'lQm gu/]sf] pgLlgs6 ;|f]tsf] egfO 5 .

kmf]/d u0ftflGqssf cWoIf u'Ktf kf6L{leq ;d]t cK7\of/f]df k/]sf 5g\ . ;xcWoIf /fhlszf]/ ofbjn] dGqL x'g dl/xQ] u/] klg ;Dej gePkl5 clxn] u'Ktflj?4 u'6aGbLdf plqPsf] atfOG5 . ;/sf/df uPsf sf/0f kf6L{ cWoIf 5f]8\g'kg]{ ts{ ub}{ pgLx¿n] c;Gt'i6x¿nfO{ e8\sfO/x]sf] ;|f]tsf] egfO 5 . !# l;6 /x]sf] kmf]/d -u0ftflGqs_ n] ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/, s[lif tyf ;xsf/L / lagfljefuLo u/L tLg dGqL kfPsf] 5, h;dWo] ;~rf/df u'Ktf, s[lifdf gGbgs'df/ bQ / lagfljefuLodf /fhnfn ofbj dGqL ag]sf 5g\ .

jt{dfg ;Qf u7aGwgsf k|d'v of]hgfsf/ dflgg] u'KtfnfO{ ;'?df pkk|wfgdGqL lbg] ;xdlt ul/Psf] lyof] . t/, e§/fO{ k|wfgdGqL ePkl5 To;sf] pNnª\3g ePsf] eGb} u'Ktfn] a}7sd} c;Gt'li6 hfx]/ u/]sf] df]rf{sf Ps g]tfn] atfP . dGqL x'gf;fy u'Ktfn] ;/sf/ w]/} ;do gl6Sg] k|ltlqmof lbPkl5 k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{;d]t cflQPsf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . ptf, u'Ktf lalRsg] yfxf kfP/ ;+j}wflgs kl/ifb\df pgnfO{ ;b:o agfOPsf] 5 . t/, To;af6 klg pgL ;Gt'i6 gePsf] ;|f]tsf] egfO 5 .

ptf, dfcf]jfbLsf Ps ;d"x sl:;P/ ;/sf/lj?4 nflu/x]sf] a]nf s] x'g] xf] eGg] qf;df k|d k'u]sf 5g\ . sfª\u]|; Pdfn]n] df]rf{sf 36s;“u s'/fsfgL u/]÷gu/]sf] a'em\g pgn] u'Ktr/nfO{ v6fPsf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . Ps g]tfn] eg]– …u'Ktfsf] c;Gt'li6nfO{ g} lgx'“ agfP/ st} ;/sf/nfO{ cK7]/f] kfg]{ of]hgf t alg/x]sf] 5}g eGg]df k|wfgdGqL ;ts{ b]lvg'ePsf] 5 .Ú


kl;{ a'6jndf k|rf/ e]nf

a'6jn . g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo k|rf/ ljefusf] cfof]hgfdf k|rf/;Da4 sfo{stf{ e]nf kl;{ a'6jndf x'g] ePsf] 5 . e]nfsf] pb\3f6g Pdfn] dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 .

e]nfdf Pdfn]sf s]Gb|Lo k|rf/ ljefu ;b:o, lhNnf, c~rn / hg;ª\u7gsf k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v, k|]; rf}tf/L / kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf cu'jf kqsf/ u/L @ ;o %) eGbf a9Lsf] ;xeflutf /xg] atfOPsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] kl/jlt{t ;Gbe{df kf6L{sf] e"ldsfsf af/]df sfo{stf{nfO{ k|lzIf0f lbg'x'g]5 eg] k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v 1jfnLn] k|rf/ If]qdf kf6L{ sfdsf ;Gbe{df sfo{kq k|:t't ug]{ sfo{qmd 5 .

o;}aLr, c;f]h & ut] k|]; rf}tf/L s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7s klg a'6jnd} a:g] atfOPsf] 5 .


k|d l/Qf] xft Go'of]s{df

sf7df8f}“ . zflGt k|lqmofaf/] 7f]; sfd gu/L k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] vfnL xft lnP/ ;+o'Qm

/fi6«;ª\3sf] dxf;ef a}7sdf ;xefuL x'g uPkl5 cGt/f{li6«o If]qdf ;d]t g]kfnsf] 5lj w"ldn ag]sf] 5 . zflGt k|lqmof cl3 a9fpg cfkm}“n] tf]s]sf] ;do;Ldfn] 3r]6\b} n}hf“bf k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{ xKtf lbg nfdf] e|d0fsf qmddf clxn] cd]l/sfdf 5g\ .

7f]; sfd u/]/ zflGt k|lqmof 6'ª\Uofpg'sf] ;§f k|wfgdGqLsf] Wofg cGoq} df]l8Psf] 5 . zflGt k|lqmof ;DkGg ug{ k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] $% lbgnfO{ e/k'/ pkof]u ug]{ 3f]if0ff u/]sf lyP . t/, pknlAwsf lx;fan] e§/fO{sf] of] e|d0f e]63f6df dfq} ;Lldt x'g] b]lvPsf] 5 .

ljb]z e|d0fdf lgl:sg'k"j{ k|rf/df cfpg pgn] n8fs' k'gMjuL{s/0fsf] cd"t{ lg0f{o u/fpg vf]h]sf lyP . n8fs'sf] ;ª\Vof, dfkb08, bhf{ / k'gM:yfkgfsf] Kofs]h tof/ gu/L k|rf/s} nflu k'gMjuL{s/0f ug]{ pgn] xfjfbf/L k|:tfj cl3 ;f/]sf]df ;ldltsf ;b:on] gdfg]kl5 pgsf] k|:tfj c:jLs[t ePsf] lyof] . ;lrjfnon] lj:t[t cfwf/ tof/ u/]kl5 dfq} o;af/] lg0f{o ug]{ ;ldltdf ;xdlt ePsf] 5 .

d'n's ;ª\qmd0fsfnsf] pTsif{df /x]sf a]nf e§/fO{ ljb]z e|d0fdf lg:sg'nfO{ c:jfefljs ¿kdf lnOPsf] 5 . pgL k|wfgdGqL ePsf] @$ lbg lalt;Sbf klg zflGt k|lqmofaf/] s'g} k|ult ePsf] 5}g . ljz]if ;ldltnfO{ n8fs'sf xltof/ /x]sf] sG6]g/sf] ;f“rf] a'emfOPsf] eP klg Jofjxfl/s ¿kdf klxnf / clxn]df s'g} tflTjs km/s cfPsf] 5}g .

k|wfgdGqLn] dxf;ef a}7sdf af]Ng' s'g} gof“ s'/f geO{ k/Dk/fut rng dfq} xf] . of] a}7sdf k|wfgdGqL pkl:yt x'g}k5{ eGg] klg 5}g . :d/0f /xf];\, Pdfn] jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfn k|wfgdGqL x'“bf d'n'ssf] uDeL/ /fhgLltnfO{ b[li6ut ub}{ e|d0f /2 u/L u[xdGqL eLd /fjnnfO{ k7fOPsf] lyof] . t/, k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{ cfkm\g} k"j{k|lta4tfnfO{ gf£b} e|d0fdf ;xefuL x'g'sf] cf}lrTo;d]t k'li6 ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg\ .

e|d0fsf qmddf pgn] rLg / ef/tsf k|wfgdGqL;“u z'qmaf/ e]6 ug]{ atfOPsf] lyof] . t/, clGtd ;dodf rLgsf k|wfgdGqLn] e§/fO{nfO{ ge]6\g] ePsf 5g\ . ef/tsf] ljz]if ;xfg'e"lt kfP/ k|wfgdGqL ePsf] egL rrf{ eO/x]sf a]nf lrlgof“ ;/sf/ k|d'vn] e§/fO{nfO{ ge]6\g'nfO{ /fhgLlts ¿kdf cy{k"0f{ atfOPsf] 5 . ;f] lbg laxfg ef/tLo k|wfgdGqLn] e]6]kl5 lrlgof“ 6f]nLn] e]6\g]5g\ . zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ lgisif{df k'¥ofpg] egL ax'k|rfl/t ag]sf] e§/fO{sf] ;Qf/f]x0f;“u}sf] rrf{ ;]nfpg] lglZrt 5 . !# ;b:oLo k|ltlglwd08nsf ;fy Go'of]s{df /x]sf e§/fO{n] gj]{sf k|wfgdGqL / So'jfsf ljb]zdGqL;“u} e]6\g]5g\ . To:t}, /fi6«;ª\3sf dxf;lrj jfg ls d'g;“u …a]|skmf:6Ú / ;f“em cd]l/sL /fi6«klt af/fs cf]afdf;“u /fqLef]hdf ;xefuL x'g]5g\ . k|wfgdGqLn] o:tf vf; s'g} dxŒj g/fVg] sfo{qmddf efu lng]5g\ . pgsf] e|d0f s]jn o:t} ultljlwdf dfq} ;Lldt x'g]5 . cfufdL ;ft ut] dxf;ef a}7snfO{ ;Daf]wg u/L gf} ut] pgL :jb]z kmls{g]5g\ .


k"j{k|d cfh rLg hf“b}

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf jl/i7 g]tf tyf k"j{k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/ g]kfn cfh rLgtkm{ k|:yfg ub}{ x'g'x'G5 . pxf“n] rLgsf] l;ofgdf laxLaf/b]lv cfof]hgf x'g] hnjfo' kl/jt{g;DaGwL cGt/f{li6«o ;Dd]ngdf efu lng'x'g]5 .

…SnfOd]6 r]Gh sld6L ckm SofK8LÚ åf/f cfof]lht …o'/f]–Pl;of Osf]gf]lds kmf]/dÚ cGtu{tsf] …o'/f]–Pl;of Osf] ;]km\6L sGkm/]G;Ú df d'Vo jQmfsf ¿kdf k"j{k|wfgdGqL g]kfnn] ;Daf]wg ug]{ sfo{qmd 5 . pQm ;Dd]ngdf aª\unfb]zsf k"j{/fi6«klt x';]g df]xDdb P;f{b, shfls:tfgsf k"j{k|wfgdGqL ;h]{O 6]l/; r]ª\sf], lkmlnlkG;sf k"j{;efd'v hf];] b e]g]l;of, sDaf]l8ofsf pkk|wfgdGqL lsy 5f]g / hnjfo' kl/jt{g;DaGwL /fi6«;ª\3Lo cGt/;/sf/L Kofgnsf cWoIf /fh]Gb|s'df/ krf}/Ln] ;Daf]wg ug]{ sfo{qmd /x]sf] 5 . sfo{qmddf rLgsf] ;fª\;L k|fGtsf pkk|d'v, dflNbE; / kfls:tfgsf dGqLnufot ;xefuL x'“b} 5g\ . o;cl3 k|wfgdGqL /x]s} a]nf g]kfnn] sDaf]l8ofdf Toxf“ / dn]l;ofsf k|wfgdGqL;lxt o:t} lsl;dsf] sfo{qmdnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

tLglbg] ;f] sfo{qmd ;lsPkl5 k"j{k|wfgdGqL g]kfn /fhwfgL a]Olhª hfg] sfo{qmd /x]sf] 5 . pxf“;“u} hfg] Pdfn] ljb]z ljefu ;b:o /fhg e§/fO{sf cg';f/ a]Olhªdf lrlgof“ g]t[Tj;“u klg e]63f6 ug]{ sfo{qmd /x]sf] 5 . k"j{k|wfgdGqL g]kfn Ps ;ftfkl5 :jb]z kmls{g'x'g]5 .

ptf, :jf:Yo k/LIf0fsf nflu ef/tsf] /fhwfgL gof“ lbNnL hfg'ePsf Pdfn] g]tf s]kL cf]nLsf] :jf:Yo dª\unaf/ k/LIf0f ul/Psf] 5 . Pdfn] ljb]z ljefu ;b:o o'j/fh af“:sf]6fsf cg';f/ k/LIf0f;DaGwL ljj/0f k|fKt x'g Ps–b'O{ lbg nfUg]5 .


sfplG;nåf/f k'/:sf/ 3f]if0ff

sf7df8f}“ . k|]; sfplG;n g]kfnn] o; jif{sf nflu ljleGg k'/:sf/ 3f]if0ff u/]sf] 5 . dª\unaf/ a;]sf] sfplG;nsf] a}7sn] :yfkgf lbj; kf/]/ c;f]h ^ ut] tL k'/:sf/x¿ k|bfg ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] .

3f]if0ffcg';f/ Ps nfv ?lkof“sf] uf]kfnbf; kqsfl/tf k'/:sf/ x]6f}“8fsf kqsf/ sf}zn kf08] / %) xhf/ /flzsf] cfrf/;+lxtf k'/:sf/ kfNkfsf] /]l8of] dbgkf]v/fnfO{ lbPsf] 5 eg] #) xhf/ ?lkof“ /flz /x]sf :tDe n]vg k'/:sf/ hgcf:yfsf /fh]Gb| :yflkt, dlxnf ;zQmLs/0f k'/:sf/ a'6jnsL cd[tf cgdf]n, efiffut k'/:sf/ uf]/vfkq b}lgs, ;flxlTos kqsfl/tf k'/:sf/ lj/f6gu/sf] algtf dfl;s,

o'jf kqsfl/tf k'/:sf/ jL/uGhsf rGb|lszf]/ / ;zQm kqsfl/tf k'/:sf/ hgsk'/sf wL/]Gb| k|]dlif{nfO{ k|bfg ug]{ lg0f{o ul/Psf] 5 .

dfkmLkl5 bLks l/xf

o;}aLr, k|]; sfplG;nsf] ph'/Lsf cfwf/df kqmfp k/]sf dfu{bz{g dfl;ssf ;Dkfbs bLks kf7sn] sfplG;nsf] a}7s rNbfrNb} lnlvt dfkmL k7fPkl5 sfplG;ns} kqsf cfwf/df k|zf;gn] l/xf u/]sf] 5 . pgLdfly sfplG;ndf tf]8kmf]8 u/]sf], sd{rf/Ldfly xftkft u/]sf] h:tf cleof]u nufOPsf] lyof] . pgn] kqdf cfOGbf To:tf] gug]{ k|lt1f u/]kl5 a}7ssf] lg0f{ocg';f/ l/xf ug{ kq n]lvPsf] Ps ;b:on] hfgsf/L lbP

tLg ;b:onfO{ /f]Hg cg'/f]w

o;}aLr, lgoldt tna–eQf;lxt ;/sf/L lgo'lQm kfPsf sfplG;nsf tLg ;b:onfO{ b'O{dWo] Ps kb /f]Hg ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/dGqL hok|sfz u'Ktfn] …cfu|xÚ u/]sf 5g\ . bf]xf]/f] ;'ljwf lnPsf] egL clVtof/df ph'/L k/]df cfkm";d]t tflgg] ePsfn] dª\unaf/ pgn] Go"gtd kfl/>lds lgwf{/0f ;ldltsf cWoIf uf]ljGb cfrfo{, uf]/vfkq ;+:yfgsf cWoIf xl/uf]ljGb n'O{+6]n / k|wfgdGqLsf k|]; ;Nnfxsf/ /fdl/emg ofbjnfO{ 5'§f5'§} e]6L b'O{dWo] Ps kb /f]Hg eg]sf] dGqLlgs6 ;|f]tn] atfof] .


slgi7d'lg jl/i7

sf7df8f}“ . gfkL ljefudf dxflgb]{zs ePsf] s]xL ;do glaTb} s[i0f/fh aL;Ln] k|rlnt lghfdtL ;]jf lgodfjnLsf] pNnª\3g u/L jl/i7 sd{rf/LnfO{ kfvf nufp“b} slgi7nfO{ k|d'v agfPsf 5g\ . pgn] gfkL sfof{no l8NnLahf/df sfo{/t kf“r hgf jl/i7 sd{rf/Lsf] ckdfg x'g]u/L slgi7 ;e]{Ifs xj]Gb|k|;fb b]jnfO{ 6f]nL k|d'v agfPkl5 sd{rf/L c;Gt'i6 ag]sf 5g\ .

xfn l8NnLahf/ gfkL sfof{nodf xj]Gb|eGbf ;l~hjs'df/ l;+x, gjnlszf]/ 7fs'/, b]jaxfb'/ nfld5fg], hgs e08f/L / /fdk|;fb ofbj jl/i7 ;e]{Ifs 5g\ . t/, oL ;a}nfO{ a]jf:tf u/L l8NnLahf/sf sfof{no k|d'v s[i0fk|;fb ;fksf]6f / dxflgb]{zs aL;LnfO{ /fd|} gh/fgf 6qm\ofP/ b]jn] 6f]nL k|d'v k8\sfPsf] ;|f]tsf]

bfaL 5 . rf}yf] txsf] k|fljlws kbdf sfo{/t eP/ ev{/} kf“rf}“ txdf a9'jf vfPsf b]jsf] zª\vd"ndf s/f]8f}“ d"Nosf] 3/hUuf 5 . pgL cs't sdfpg] / hUuf clgoldttf u/]sf] cf/f]kdf tLg k6s clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]un] u|]8 36'jfnufotsf] sf/afxL ul/;s]sf sd{rf/L x'g\ . ;]jfu|fxL;“u cg]s axfgfdf h;/L klg k};f emf/]/} 5f8\g] dfdnfdf lgs} abgfd gfkL sfof{nodf b]j k|d'v ePsf] 6f]nLd} pgLeGbf jl/i7 sd{rf/L ;l~hjnfO{ /fv]/ aL;L / ;fksf]6fn] lg;]lgsf] pNnª\3g u/]sf]k|lt ljefuleq} Jofks c;Gt'li6 /x]sf] 5 .

otf, ;]jfu|fxL;“u 3'; ln“bfln“b} clVtof/n] ;dfP/ lgnDagdf k/]sf l8NnLahf/s} csf{ ;e]{Ifs tyf /fli6«o sd{rf/L ;ª\u7gsf g]tf k|sfz b'nfnnfO{ sfof{nodf ;fksf]6fn] xflh/ u/fPsf] lgs} lbgkl5 dfq ljefun] sf/afxL km's'jf u/]sf] 5 . lgodadf]lhd ljefun] sf/afxL k'ms'jf g} gu/L sfof{nodf xflh/ u/fP/ ;fksf]6fn] clVtof/sf] pNnª\3g u/]sf]df km]l/ clVtof/df ph'/L k/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . gfkL ljefun] g} lgnDag u/]sf] sd{rf/LnfO{ ljefun] km's'jf ul/g' klxn] g} ;fksf]6fn] sfof{nodf xflh/ u/fPsf lyP . b'nfnsf] xflh/ klxn] / km's'jf kl5 ePsfn] ;f] xflh/ /2 u/fpgsf nflu / pQm ;dodf pgn] ;xL u/]sf sfd klg clgoldt ePsf] k|dfl0ft ug{ clVtof/df ph'/L k/]sf] ;|f]tn] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 .

cfkm"x¿nfO{ lgs} Odfgbf/ /fi6«;]jssf ¿kdf k|:t't ug{ ?rfpg] aL;Ln] o;nfO{ clVtof/n] kq k7fpg'k"j{ g} ldnfp“5g\ jf kq s'/]/ a:5g\ x]g{ af“sL g} 5 . ptf, l8NnLahf/sf gfkL k|d'v ;fksf]6fn] x]/]sf kmfOndf ;xL ug'{eGbf klxn] 3f];]d'G6f] nufp“b} /sdsf] lx;fa dfUg] u/]sf / /sd kSsf geP;Dd x:tfIf/ ug{ cfgfsfgL ug]{ u/]sf] Toxf“ sfo{/t Ps cldgn] atfP . pgL /fs;sf] l;kmfl/;df ;a}eGbf cfsif{s dflgg] gfkL sfof{no l8NnLahf/df sfof{no k|d'v eP/ uPsf x'g\ .


kl;{ a'6jndf k|rf/ e]nf

a'6jn . g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo k|rf/ ljefusf] cfof]hgfdf k|rf/;Da4 sfo{stf{ e]nf kl;{ a'6jndf x'g] ePsf] 5 . e]nfsf] pb\3f6g Pdfn] dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 .

e]nfdf Pdfn]sf s]Gb|Lo k|rf/ ljefu ;b:o, lhNnf, c~rn / hg;ª\u7gsf k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v, k|]; rf}tf/L / kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf cu'jf kqsf/ u/L @ ;o %) eGbf a9Lsf] ;xeflutf /xg] atfOPsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn] kl/jlt{t ;Gbe{df kf6L{sf] e"ldsfsf af/]df sfo{stf{nfO{ k|lzIf0f lbg'x'g]5 eg] k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v 1jfnLn] k|rf/ If]qdf kf6L{ sfdsf ;Gbe{df sfo{kq k|:t't ug]{ sfo{qmd 5 .

o;}aLr, c;f]h & ut] k|]; rf}tf/L s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7s klg a'6jnd} a:g] atfOPsf] 5 .


kf“r ;o g]kfnLnfO{ hfkfgdf /f]huf/L

6f]lsof] . hfkfgsf] 6f]lsof]l:yt Pp6f /f]huf/bftf ;+:yfn] kf“r ;o g]kfnL sfdbf/nfO{ /f]huf/L lbg] ePsf] 5 . sf]–ck/]l6e P;f]l;o;g ckm lahg]; PG8 8]ened]G6 -6Ls]s]_ n] klxnf] r/0fdf o:tf] /f]huf/L lbg] cfZjf;g lbPsf] xf] .

/f]huf/L k|j4{gsf nflu hfkfgdf /x]sf] g]kfn k|ultzLn j}b]lzs /f]huf/L Joj;foL d~rsf k|ltlglw;“usf] e]6df 6Ls]s]sf cWoIf df]l/of] df]l/of]tfgLn] pQm k|lta4tf JoQm ub}{ lrlgof“ sfdbf/sf] ;§f g]kfnL sfdbf/nfO{ Nofpg cfkm" tof/ /x]sf] atfP . 6Ls]s]n] rLg / leotgfdaf6 k|ltIffyL{ sfdbf/ Nofp“b} cfPsf] 5 . Joj;foL d~rsf tkm{af6 k|ltlglwd08nsf ;+of]hs 6ª\saxfb'/ /fptn] cfkm"x¿ ;/sf/n] tf]s]sf] Go"gtd z'Nsdf k|ltIffyL{ sfdbf/ k7fpg tof/ /x]sf] atfP .

pQm k|ltlglwd08nn] hfkfgL cGt/f{li6«o tflnd s]Gb| -lh6\sf]_ ;“u sfdbf/ k7fpg] qmddf b]lvPsf] hl6ntfsf af/]df 5nkmn u/]sf] 5 . 5nkmndf lh6\sf]sf jl/i7 pkfWoIf s]g;'sL ;'h'sLn] efiff / ;Lk ePsf sfdbf/nfO{ hfkfg leœofpg tof/ /x]sf] atfP . lh6\sf];“u @# ;o P;f]l;og–sf]–ck/]l6e sDkgL cfa4 /x]sf] hfgsf/L lb“b} ;'h'sLn] sDtLdf tLg xKtf;Dd le;f nfUg] hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . 5nkmndf g]kfnL b"tfjf;sf clgn nD;fnn] ;a} k|lqmof k"/f u/] $@ lbg;Dd le;f nfUg] hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP .

o;cl3 k|lzIffyL{ sfdbf/ k7fpg] ;DaGwdf g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] hfkfg zfvfn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] cGtlqm{ofdf g]skf -Pdfn]_ sL s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf j}b]lzs /f]huf/ kmf“6sf OGrfh{ sNof0fL v8\sfn] j}b]lzs /f]huf/L;DaGwL gLltdf hf]8 lbOg\ . sfo{qmddf j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Joj;foL d~rsf jl/i7 pkfWoIf 6ª\saxfb'/ /fpt, Pgcf/Pg hfkfgsf cWoIf cf]d u''?ª, g]kfn nf]stflGqs d~r -Pg8LPkm_ sf cWoIf l;h{gf sfkm\n], hgk|ultzLn df]rf{sf cWoIf a]n' yfkfnufotn] bIf sfdbf/sf nflu hfkfg pko''Qm uGtJo aGg ;Sg] atfPsf lyP .

– g/]z u]nfn


sf];Ldf xflh/L hjfkm

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf];L c~rn ;Dks{ sld6L cltl/Qm lqmofsnfk ljefusf] cfof]hgfdf sf];L c~rn:t/Lo k|yd cGt/lhNnf xflh/Lhjfkm k|ltof]lutf ut zlgaf/ ljZjefiff SofDk;df ;DkGg ePsf] 5 .

g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf];L c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf ;lrjfno ;b:o tyf cltl/Qm lqmofsnfk ljefu k|d'v lbngfy lg/f}nfsf] cWoIftf / g]skf -Pdfn]_ kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o tyf ;Dks{ ljz]if ;dGjo sld6Lsf k|d'v ci6nIdL zfSosf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg pQm sfo{qmdsf cGo cltlyx¿df g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fh]Gb| uf}td / nfnafa' kl08t, sf];L c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf cWoIf vDa vqL / /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\ ;b:o g/]Gb| >]i7 x'g'x'GYof] .

b'O{ r/0fdf ;DkGg pQm sfo{qmddf dGtJo JoQm ub}{ k|d'v cltly zfSon] ;d;fdlos /fhgLltdf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf] e"ldsf / b;}“sf] labfdf lhNnf kms{+bf sfo{stf{n] v]Ng'kg]{ e"ldsfsf] ljifodf af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . s]Gb|Lo ;b:o uf}tdn] P3f/f}“ s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7ssf lg0f{ox¿ / sfo{stf{n] lgefpg'kg]{ e"ldsfsf] ljifodf dGtJo JoQm ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

k|ltof]lutfdf wgs'6f ;Dks{ d~r k|yd, t]x|y'd ;Dks{ d~r låtLo / df]/ª ;Dks{ d~r t[tLo ePsf lyP .


tLg lhNnfdf rf}tf/Lsf ;Dd]ng

afUn'ª . wjnflul/ c~rnsf tLg lhNnfdf k|]; rf}tf/Lsf ;Dd]ng ;DkGg ePsf 5g\ . ;Dd]ngx¿n] k|]; :jtGqtf, kqsf/x¿sf] ;'/Iff, Go"gtd kfl/>lds / Jofj;flos kqsfl/tfdf hf]8 lbPsf 5g\ .

a'waf/ ;DkGg afUn'ª lhNnf ;Dd]ngn] bLks uf}tdsf] cWoIftfdf !! ;b:oLo gof“ sfo{;ldlt rog u/]sf] 5 . ;ldltsf] pkfWoIf pdfsfGt zdf{, ;lrj gjLg lzlz/ ljs, pk;lrj ljZjf; v8\sfyf]sL / sf]iffWoIfdf lgzf ;'gf/ ;j{;Ddt rog ePsf 5g\ eg] ;b:ox¿df lbn lzl/if, /]0f' s];L, vLd sfsL{, nIdL yfkf, ;/:jtL sfsL{, ;l~hj af]xf]/f rog ePsf 5g\ .

o;}u/L, z'qmaf/ ;DkGg kj{tsf] t];|f] clwj]zgn] u0f]z kf}8]nsf] cWoIftfdf !# ;b:oLo gof“ sfo{;ldlt rog u/]sf] 5 . sld6Lsf] pkfWoIf nId0f ;fksf]6f, ;lrj u0f]z lu/L, ;x;lrj ;/:jtL ;'a]bL / sf]iffWoIf cf]Dgf If]qL 5g\ eg] ;b:ox¿df k|ltdf zdf{, /fdrGb| g]kfnL, /fhg u'?ª, /fwf If]qL, clgtf s];L, ch'{g zdf{, lji0f'k|;fb ltjf/L / gj/fh lu/L 5g\ .

To;cl3 laxLaf/ ;DkGg DofUbLsf] t];|f] ;Dd]ngn] cd[t af:s'g]sf] cWoIftfdf gof“ sfo{;ldlt rog u/]sf] 5, h;sf] pkfWoIf dfntL vqL, ;lrj k|jL0f vqL, pk;lrj s]kL ;fksf]6f / sf]iffWoIfdf k"hf dNn /x]sf 5g\ eg] ;b:ox¿df ;'ldqf yhfnL, ljb'/ ls;fg, ;'nIf0ff s];L, 8LkL zdf{, dgs'df/ ;]/k'hf / c~h' rf]vfn /x]sf 5g\ .

tLg} ;Dd]ngdf rf}tf/Lsf pkfWoIf b'uf{k|;fb zdf{, dxf;lrj lji0f' l/hfn, wf}nflul/ OGrfh{ /fds[i0f zdf{nufotn] af]n]sf lyP .


sd/]8x¿nfO{ pb\3f]if0f tflnd

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ gf/fo0fL c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Ln] lhNnf ;Dks{ d~rsf kbflwsf/Lx¿nfO{ pb\3f]if0f tflnd lbPsf] 5 .

sld6Lsf] /rgfTds ljefun] cfof]hgf u/]sf] & lbg] pb\3f]if0f tflnddf af/f, k;f{, /f}tx6, lrtjg / dsjfgk'/ ;Dks{ d~rsf cWoIf, pkfWoIf, ;lrj, ;x;lrj / sf]iffWoIf;d]t @% hgf ;xefuL lyP .

dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] pb\3f]if0f tflndsf] ;dfkg zlgaf/ g]skf -Pdfn]_sf kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o ci6nIdL zfSon] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . tflnddf Jofj;flos k|lzIfsåf/f pb\3f]if0f;DaGwL cfwf/e"t tflnd lbOPsf] /rgfTds ljefu k|d'v czf]ss'df/ 7s'/Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .


Pdfn] kl/ifb\ d+l;/ @# df

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf] a}7s d+l;/ @# b]lv @% ut];Dd sf7df8f}“df ug]{ ePsf] 5 . ut z'qmaf/ ;DkGg s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] P3f/f}“ a}7sn] pQm lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] .

…ldgLÚ dxflwj]zgsf ¿kdf x]l/Psf] k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf] a}7s o;k6s ;d]t u/L b'O{k6s ;l/;s]sf] 5 . s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] gjf}“ a}7sn] ebf} #) / c;f]h ! ut] a}7s af]nfpg] lg0f{o u/] klg b;f}“ a}7sn] tof/L gk'Ug] eGb} k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf] a}7s sflQs @@ / @# df ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf 5nkmnsf nflu ljutsf] ;dLIff, tTsfnLs kl/l:yltsf] ljZn]if0f / cfufdL sfo{qmdsf ljifo ;d]6]/ s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf tkm{af6 b:tfj]h tof/ kf/L k|:t't ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 . b'O{ nfv dflg;sf] pkl:yltdf eJotfsf ;fy pb\3f6g ul/g] a}7ssf] Joj:yfkgsf] ;Dk"0f{ lhDd]jf/L s]Gb|Lo sld6Ln] pkTosf ;dGjo sld6LnfO{ lbPsf] 5 . a}7ss} tof/Lsf ;Gbe{df c;f]h @^ ut] s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s a:g] / a}7s k"j{ :yfoL ;ldlt / kf]ln6Ao'/f] a}7s a:g] Pdfn]n] hgfPsf] 5 .

s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7sn] /fli6«o kl/ifb\sf] a}7s;Ddsf nflu sfo{ of]hgf;d]t kfl/t u/]sf] 5 . pQm sfo{of]hgfcg'¿k s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] !!cf“} a}7saf6 kfl/t /fhgLlts k|:tfj tyf a}7ssf lg0f{osf] ;Gbe{df c~rn, lhNnf / :yfgLo txsf kf6L{ sld6Lsf a}7s / k|lzIf0f e]nfsf] cfof]hgf ug]{, hg;ª\u7gx¿sf] xsdf s]Gb|Lo txsf a}7s / e]nfsf] cfof]hgf ug]{ / pQm a}7s tyf/ e]nfx¿af6 /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdfkm{t cl3 ;fl/g] s]Gb|Lo sfo{of]hgfsf ;Gbe{df ;'emfj ;ª\sng ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 . kf6L{ b[li6sf]0f hg;dIf k'¥ofpgsf nflu c~rn ;dGjo sld6Lsf] of]hgfdf hg;efx¿sf] cfof]hgf;d]t ul/g] ePsf] 5 .

a}7sn] kf6L{sf hg;ª\u7gx¿sf] sfo{If]qsf ;DaGwdf b]lvPsf] c:ki6tf / bf]x/f]kgsf ;Gbe{df cWoog u/L ;dfwfgsf pkfosf] k|:tfj tof/ ug]{ lhDd]jf/L ;ª\u7g ljefunfO{ lbOPsf] 5 . pQm k|:tfj cfufdL s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] a}7sdf k|:t't ul/g]5 . ;fy}, a}7sn] ;+ljwfg;ef÷;+;bLo af]8{sf] u7gsf ;Gbe{df bnsf] ljwfgnfO{ ;dfg's"n agfpg cfjZos /x]sf] 7x /ub}{ s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] cfufdL a}7sdf pQm k|:tfj cg'df]bgsf nflu k|:t't ug{ ;+;bLo bnnfO{ lgb]{zg lbg] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 .

a}7sdf /fli6«o kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf k|:t't ul/g] ljwfg ;+zf]wgsf] k|:tfjsf ;Gbe{df /fli6«o e]nfdfkm{t cfPsf ;'emfjsf] cfwf/df s]Gb|Lo ;lrjfnon] tof/ u/]sf] k|:tfjsf ;Gbe{df ;'emfj lbgsf nflu s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf ;b:ox¿nfO{ ljt/0f u/fPsf] / pQm k|:tfjsf ;Gbe{df s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] cfufdL a}7sdf 5nkmn ug]{ lg0f{o ePsf] cWoIf emngfy vgfnåf/f hf/L lj1lKtdf pNn]v 5 .

s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf ;b:ox¿sf] sfo{ljefhg / ljefux¿sf] u7gsf ;Gbe{df a}7sdf gLltut 5nkmn eof] . pQm ljifodf :yfoL ;ldltn] k|:tfj tof/ u/L s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf] cfufdL a}7sdf k|:t't ug]{ lg0f{o ePsf] klg lj1lKtdf hgfPsf] 5 . To:t}, a}7sdf cfly{s ljefun] kf6L{sf] cfly{s l:yltsf af/]df k|ltj]bg k|:t't u/]sf] lyof] . k|ltj]bgdf kf6L{ cfly{s ¿kdf ;ª\s6tkm{ pGd'v x“'b} uPsf] pNn]v 5 .

a}7s cWoIf vgfnsf] cWoIftf tyf dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nsf] ;~rfngdf ebf} @^ b]lv #) ut];Dd kf6L{ s]Gb|Lo sfof{no aNv'df a;]sf] lyof] . a}7ssf lg0f{oaf/] ut cfOtaf/ kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/]/ hfgsf/L u/fOPsf] lyof] .


uh'/]nsf cufl8 ?jfaf;L

l;Gw'nL . kf6L{n] ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ugf{;fy dfcf]jfbLleqsf] c;Gt'i6 kIfn] lhNnfdf ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmdsf dfWodaf6 ljb|f]xsf] tof/L tLj|
kf/]sf] 5 .

c;Gt'i6 kIfsf g]tf Pjd\ dfcf]jfbL ;lrj ;LkL uh'/]nsf] cu'jfOdf ut z'qmaf/ pgs} u[xlhNnfdf cfof]lht …lg/Gt/ qmflGtsf nflu ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmdÚ layf]Ng cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn kIfw/n] cfGtl/s tof/L u/] klg c¿n] ;fy glbPkl5 sfo{qmd lgjf{w ¿kdf ;DkGg ePsf] hgfOPsf] 5 . …sfo{qmd layf]Ng lhNnf ;xOGrfh{ /fhg bfxfn / pgsL kTgL bLkf af]x/fn] tof/L u/] klg lhNnfdf pgLx¿ sdhf]/ cj:yfdf /x]sfn] s'g} clk|o 36gf eg] x'g kfPgÚ– dfcf]jfbLsf Ps lhNnf g]tfn] eg] .

ljb|f]xsf s'/f ub}{ cl3Nnf] ;ftf k"jL{ If]qsf] bf}8fxfdf k'u]sf uh'/]nnfO{ cfkm\g} kf6L{sf sfo{stf{n] Og?jfdf sfnf] emG8f b]vfPkl5 pgL cfkm\g} lhNnflt/ xflgPsf x'g\ . uh'/]n cfkm"lgs6 ;+:s[ltsdL{ dfOnf nfdfsf] 6f]nL lnP/ lhNnf k'u]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf kf6L{n] qmflGtsf] af6f] 5f8]sf] emns;lxtsf ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmd x]/]/ dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{ w'?w'? /f]Psf lyP .

o;cl3 lhNnf ;xOGrfh{ bfxfn bDktLn] …ljzfn–s'df/Ú :d[lt sfo{qmd layf]Ng vf]Hbf b'O{ kIfaLr em8k;d]t ePsf]] lyof] . pQm sfo{qmddf efu lng dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfn, k|wfgdGqL afa'/fd e§/fO{ / uh'/]n x]lnsf]K6/ rf6{/ u/]/ k'u]sf lyP . cWoIf bfxfn :jod\ pkl:yt ;f] sfo{qmd bfxfnlgs6 lhNnfsf g]tf–sfo{stf{n] ;fª\s]lts lj/f]w u/]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . kf6L{ lg0f{olagf sfo{qmd to ul/Psf] eGb} bfxfn kIfn] leQfdf 6f“;]sf kf]:6/;d]t Roft]sf lyP . sfo{qmd g/f]lsg] ePkl5 :yfg kl/jt{g u/]/ l;Gw'nL df8Laf6 slknfsf]6 ;fg'{kg]{ c8fg lnPkl5 b'O{kIfaLr egfeg / xft xfnfxfn;d]t ePsf] lyof] . l;Gw'nL dfcf]jfbL k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{ kIfsf] ks8 /x]sf] atfOG5 .


e"sDkaf6 cf7sf] d[To'

sf7df8f}“ . cfOtaf/ ;f“em !(() ;fnkl5s} 7"nf] e"sDk uPsf] 5 . l;lSsd / tfKn]h'ªnfO{ s]Gb|ljGb' agfP/ uPsf] e"sDk ^=* /]S6/ :s]nsf] lyof] .

t/, ;f] e"sDk /]S6/ :s]ndf 7"nf] eP klg pTklQ:yn 6f9f ePsfn] Iflt eg] sd ePsf] 5 . e"sDkn] k|foh;f] k"jL{ g]kfnsf emfkf, Onfd, kf“ry/, ;ª\v'jf;ef tyf /fhwfgL sf7df8f}“ / eQmk'/df ;d]t s]xL Iflt k'¥ofPsf] 5 . e"sDksf] c;/n] a]nfotL b"tfjf;sf] kvf{n elTs“bf sf/df ;jf/ b'O{hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] eg] b]ze/ u/L d[To' x'g] * hgf k'u]sf 5g\ . e"sDkaf6 @) hgf uDeL/ 3fOt], (@ hgf ;fdfGo 3fOt], *@ 3/ k"0f{ Iflt / !%( 3/ cf+lzs Iflt ePsf] 5 . To:t}, e"sDkaf6 !@@ kl/jf/ lj:yflkt ePsf 5g\ .

o;}aLr, g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] 3fOt]sf] pkrf/, d[tssf kl/jf/nfO{ Ifltk"lt{sf] dfu u/]sf] 5 . cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] kLl8t kl/jf/nfO{ tTsfn /fxt pknAw u/fpg cfu|x ug'{ePsf] 5 . o:t}, g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_, g]kfnL sfª\u]|;, /fli6«o k|hftGq kf6L{n] klg tTsfn /fxt / plrt Ifltk"lt{sf] kxn ug{ ;/sf/nfO{ cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ .


hg;+:s[lt pTyfgdf ax;

sf7df8f}“ . hg;flxlTos d~r g]kfnsf] cfof]hgfdf zlgaf/ …hg;+:s[ltsf] pTyfgdf ;ª\3–;+:yfsf] of]ubfgÚ ljifodf uf]i7L ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf jQmfx¿n] ;+:s[ltsf] ¿kfGt/0fdf ;ª\3–;+:yfx¿n] k'¥ofPsf] of]ubfgaf/] rrf{ u/]sf lyP .

al/i7 ;flxTosf/ df]bgfy k|l>tn] o:tf ljifodf If]q / ljifo tf]s]/ ljZjljBfnoaf6} zf]w–cg';Gwfg u/fpg'kg]{ atfP . sfo{qmddf g]kfn k|1f–k|lti7fgsf pks'nklt uª\ufk|;fb pk]|tL, hg;f+:s[lts dxf;ª\3sf cWoIf ljho ;'Aaf, jl/i7 ;flxTosf/ cfgGbb]j e§, k|f1x¿ a'“b /fgf, lji0f' k|eft, ;'nf]rgf dfgGw/, k|f=8f= dxfb]j cj:yL, k|n];sf cWoIf 3gZofd 9sfn, ;ª\uLt gf6\o k|lti7fgsL k|f1 sljtf cfn], dbg e08f/L snf ;flxTo k|lti7fgsf ;b:o–;lrj dfwj k|wfg, ;flxTosf/ df]xg b'jfn, 8f= ef]nfgfy kf]v/]n, syfsf/ dfof 7s'/L, ;flxTosf/ /f]rs l3ld/], hg;flxlTos dxf;ª\3sf ;fdflhs–;f+:s[lts cWoog d~rsf cWoIf leS6/ k|wfg, ;flxTo ;GWofsf cWoIf /fd ljgo, l;:g'kfgL g]kfnsf cWoIf nId0f ufDgfu]nufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] .

d~rsf cWoIf hLj]Gb|b]j lu/Lsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmd ;~rfng dxf;lrj /d]z kf]v/]nn] u/]sf lyP .


Pdfn]df ;'s'Daf;L ;ª\u7g

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ n] ut cfOtaf/b]lv kf6L{sf] e|ft[ ;ª\u7gsf ¿kdf g]kfn e"ldxLg ;'s'Daf;L ;ª\u7g s]Gb|Lo tby{ ;ldlt u7g u/]sf] 5 . b]ze/sf e"ldxLg ;'s'Djf;Lx¿sf] /fli6«o e]nfn] /fdlk|t kf;jfgsf] ;+of]hsTjdf @! ;b:oLo tby{ ;ldlt u7g u/]sf] xf] .

dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nsf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg e]nfn] ;ldltsf] ;lrjdf gf/fo0f kl/>dLnfO{ rog u/]sf] 5 . ;b:ox¿df nfnaxfb'/ ljZjsdf{, zf/bfb]jL s'dfn, zflGtb]jL rdf/, of]uLnfn ofbj, /fd/lt /fd, ab|Lgf/fo0f sfdt, ld7' dfemL, bnjL/ ljZjsdf{ /;fOnL, lji0f'b]j /fd, nId0f d08n, cgGts'df/ bg'jf/, /fdrGb| ofbj / nlvGb|k|;fb k§]n /xg'ePsf] 5 . ;ldltdf af“sL 5 hgf kl5 kbk"lt{ ul/g] atfOPsf] 5 .


wg'iffsf sd/]8aLr z'esfdgf

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ wg'iff–sf7df8f}“ ;Dks{ d~rn] zlgaf/ b;}“, ltxf/ / 57 kj{sf] z'esfdgf cfbfgk|bfg u/]sf] 5 . g]skf -Pdfn]_sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /3'jL/ dxf;]7sf] k|d'v cfltYodf ;DkGg sfo{qmdn] s]xL If]qLo d~r klg u7g u/]sf] 5 .

j}slNks s]Gb|Lo ;b:o zq'3g dxtf], >Lk|;fb ;fx, wg'iff lhNnf sld6L ;b:o nLnf zdf{, hgsk'/ c~rn ;Dks{ sld6Lsf sf]iffWoIf /fdafa' ofbj, k|rf/ ljefu k|d'v rGb|b]j kf;jfgnufotn] z'esfdgf JoQm u/]sf] pQm sfo{qmddf b'O{, rf/, kf“r / ;ft gDa/ If]qLo d~r klg u7g ePsf 5g\ . tL If]qdf qmdzM zDe' ofbj, ph{g l;+x, ;~ho kf}8]n / ?hg uf]n]sf] cWoIf ag]sf 5g\ .

To:t}, ;'lgtf l;+xsf] cWoIftfdf d~rsf] dlxnf ljefu klg u7g ePsf] 5 . d~rsf cWoIf lgdf{0f kf]v/]nsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf dxf;]7n] xfn} ;DkGg s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7ssf lg0f{o / ;d;fdlos /fhgLltaf/] hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP eg] ;fxn] g]t[Tj ljsf;;DaGwL k|lzIf0f lbPsf lyP .


clvn ;f“em ;DkGg

sf7df8f}“ . g]kfnLx¿sf dxfg rf8 b;}“ ltxf/, O{b / 57sf] k"j{;GWofdf cg]/f:jljo'n] …clvn ;f“em @)^*Ú ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . zlgaf/ /fhwfgLsf] g]kfn k|1f–k|lti7fgdf cfof]lht Ps eJo ;df/f]xaLr ;f+:s[lts emf“sLx¿sf] k|:t'lt;lxt clvnn] rf8x¿nfO{ :jfut u/]sf] 5 .

sfo{qmddf @% j6f km/skm/s ;f+:s[lts emf“sLx¿ k|:t't ul/Psf] lyof] . g]kfnsf rlr{t xf:o ;d"x …tLtf] ;ToÚ, …d]/L af:;}Ú, …hL/] v';f{gLÚ ;d"xn] snf k|bz{g u/]sf] lyof] . To:t}, hgjfbL ufos hLjg zdf{, ab|L kª\u]gL, dgf]h uh'/]n, dw' u'?ª, /fhf /fh]Gb|nufotn] klg cf–cfkm\gf] snf k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] . pkTosf hg;f+:s[lts d~r / /fli6«o hg;f+:s[lts dxf;ª\3sf snfsf/x¿n] uLt tyf g[To k|:t't u/]sf lyP .

;f“em $ b]lv * ah];Dd rn]sf] sfo{qmddf g]skf -Pdfn]_sf cWoIf emngfy vgfn, jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfn, dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]n, :yfoL sld6L ;b:o s]kL cf]nL, ;lrj lji0f' kf}8]n, clvn OGrfh{ efg'eQm 9sfnnufotsf g]tfx¿ klg pkl:yt lyP .


hg:jf:Yo lzlj/

sf7df8f}“ . g]skf -Pdfn]_ s]Gb|Lo :jf:Yo ljefu / sf7df8f“} If]q g+= % sf]] ;+o'Qm cfof]hgfdf zlgaf/ lji0f' a"9fgLns07df ePsf] hg:jf:Yo lzlj/df ! xhf/ @ ;on] :jf:Yo k/LIf0f u/]sf 5g\ . lzlj/sf] Pdfn] dxf;lrj O{Zj/ kf]v/]nn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

Pdfn] s]Gb|Lo sld6Lsf ;b:o Pjd\ :jf:Yo ljefu k|d'v s[i0fuf]kfn >]i7, g]skf Pdfn] /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf ;b:o gf/fo0f l;njfn, s]Gb|Lo :jf:Yo ljefusf ;lrj 8f= uf]kfn vgfn, Pdfn] sf7df8f“} lhNnf sld6Lsf cWoIf lgd{n s'O{+s]nnufotn] ;Daf]wg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . If]qLo sld6Lsf cWoIf xl/ clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftfdf / g]skf Pdfn] a"9fgLns07 ufp“ kf6L{ sld6Lsf cWoIf afns[i0f >]i7sf] ;~rfngdf ePsf] pQm pb\3f6g sfo{qmddf g]skf Pdfn] If]qLo sld6Lsf ;lrj clgtf nfdfn] :jfut dGtJo JoQm ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

:jf:Yo k/LIf0fsf] qmddf lgMz'Ns lel8of] PS;/], lgMz'Ns O{;LhL / lgMz'Ns cf}iflw ljt/0f ul/Psf] lyof] . :jf:Yo k/LIf0fsf] qmddf a"9fgLns07, rknL, v8\sf eb|sfnL, wfkf;L, 6f]vfnufot sfdkf @, #, $ / % af6 ;d]t :jf:Yo nfe lng]x¿sf] pNn]Vo pkl:ylt lyof] .

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