The Department of Foreign Employment (DoFE) says that 527,814 Nepalis left the country to seek jobs last fiscal year, which was 74,271 more than in Fiscal Year 2012/13 (2069-70 BS).
Of those, 498,446 were men and 29,368 women.
The most number of migrant workers -- 61,717 -- left in the mid-June to mid-July (Asar) period while the mid-August to mid-September (Bhadau) period saw the least -- 24,164. According to data released by DoFE, on average, 43,984 leave the country seeking work each month while the daily average is 1,446.
DoFE Spokesperson Badri Kumar Karki blames lack of sufficient job creation in the country, ‘imitation of the neighboring country’, and large demand for workers in the destination countries for the ever increasing numbers.
Foreign employment company entrepreneur Padamraj Poudel says this is all due to political instability and increasing employment opportunities in the global labor market.
“Some 527,814 left after receiving permits from the Department of Foreign Employment. The number of those leaving without permits; those who go abroad to study but also take up jobs and those who go through India is also high,” Karki says.
Nepal has no data on how many go to work in third countries via India, but estimates put the number at about 100,000 a year.
Those who have returned to the country after jobs have started cow farming, poultry, goat rearing, and vegetable farming with new technologies.
It is expected that the number will come down if their skills abroad are used in the country.
Karki says as remittance is the backbone of the country's economy, it is the need of the day that foreign employment be systematized rather than controlled. RSS