Generic Klonopin yellow pill
Buy Ambien online cheap
Lorazepam with liver failure
Buy Phentermine kansas
Buy Ativan visa
Prescription Ambien alcohol
Buy Klonopin online overnight
Adipex without doctor
Buy Clonazepam india
Clonazepam prescription prices
Buy Phentermine pills
Ambien buy online no prescription
Valium 10mg no prescription needed
Ambien 5mg tablet side effects
Buy Soma 445ns
Buy Lorazepam online cheap
Cheap Ativan for sale
Buy Ativan from mexico
Ambien pills buy
Order Lorazepam cheap
Buy Ativan no prescription mastercard
Provigil canada pharmacy many
Ambien cr online
Canada pharmacies online Provigil
Generic Clonazepam wholesale
Ambien generic Ambien cr Ambien generic
Provigil rx com
Where to buy Ambien in mexico
Cheap Provigil
Buy Ambien without rx
Ambien prescription assistance
Order Phentermine weight loss
Clonazepam prescription
Lorazepam online pharmacy
Ambien road atherstone property for sale
Generic Ambien work well
Buy Clonazepam 2mg
Buy Lorazepam cash on delivery
Xanax xr generic name
Buy Provigil europe
Lorazepam with alcohol
Lorazepam with paroxetine
Order Adipex tablets
Ambien sale no prescription
Phentermine online free
Cost of generic Valium
Order Zolpidem cod saturday
Xanax online mexico
Ativan online no prescription
Buy Lorazepam tabs
Ambien buy usa
Ambien dosage 15 mg
Ambien online blogs
Provigil online canada
Lorazepam with a prescription
Zolpidem prescription walgreens
Provigil prescription buy
Generic Zolpidem tartrate
Lorazepam with amitriptyline
Lorazepam with alcohol side effects
What does Xanax 1 mg look like
Ativan prescription
Buy Clonazepam 1 mg
Buy Ativan drug
Mixing Lorazepam with alcohol
Buy Valium 5mg
Ativan prescription online
Clonazepam with muscle relaxer
Cheap Tramadol hcl
Buy Ativan forum
Buy Tramadol sr
Buy Xanax online nz
Ambien cr generic 12.5 mg
Buy Ativan no rx
Generic Xanax g3722
Order Soma mexico
Generic Ambien same
Lorazepam with advil
Valium 10mg value street
Buy Adipex p uk
Lorazepam with propranolol
Modafinil online generic
Cheap Valium sale uk
Buy Zolpidem now
Carisoprodol prescription
Soma sale
Purchase Phentermine weight loss
Order Soma tramadol
Lorazepam with pregnancy
Buy Ativan uk
Generic Lorazepam pills
Diazepam prescription online
Tramadol uk buy
Cheap Tramadol medication
Generic Provigil date
Buy Clonazepam no rx
Buy Valium steroids
Tramadol online 100mg
Order Ambien cheap online
Order Phentermine online mexico
Lorazepam prescription help
Ambien doses in mg
Generic Modafinil 2012
Order Tramadol line
Tramadol prescription only drug
Valium and seizure disorder
Buy Soma email
Buy Ativan without rx
Xanax online mastercard
Xanax do you need a prescription
Buy Ativan cod Ativan cod delivery
Klonopin prescription cost
Buy Ativan now
Cheap Ativan visa
Lorazepam online mastercard
Soma canada steel
Adipex online forum
Valium for anxiety disorder
Generic Clonazepam 2mg
Ambien apo 10mg
Provigil online canadian pharmacy
Order Soma mexico
Lorazepam rx 774
Ultram online purchase
Clonazepam with lorazepam
Ambien dosage 10 mg
Ativan sale canada
Cheap Ativan no prescription
Valium picture generic
Lorazepam with no prescription
Ambien and mg
Generic Ambien overnight delivery
Provigil online no prescription needed
Cheap Phentermine prescription
Ambien online purchase
Buy Lorazepam cod
Alprazolam online from canada
Buy Soma prescription
Ambien generic online no prescription
Buy diazepam alprazolam
How to buy Ambien name brand
Ambien sinus disorder
Lorazepam with ambien
Buy Provigil online cheap
Ambien prescription assistance
Generic Modafinil fda
Ativan canada drugs
Xanax 1mg pill id
Online Valium overnight delivery
Lorazepam with paroxetine
Buy Provigil cod
Ambien online reviews
Lorazepam with drinking alcohol
Buy Soma london
Buy Provigil 2010
Ambien online sales
Ultram with valium
Provigil generic canada
Ambien for bipolar disorder
Buy Ativan no prescription watson
Cheap Soma without a prescription
Cheap Ambien no rx
Order Zolpidem cheap
Generic manufacturers of Ambien
Provigil canada review
Buy Clonazepam canada
Generic Ativan look like
Purchase carisoprodol online
Can i buy Xanax over the counter
Valium 10mg online
Generic Provigil availability
Buy roche Valium
Ambien cr online
Buy Lorazepam england
Cheap Phentermine prescription
Phentermine 37.5 mg online prescription
How to buy Xanax on craigslist
Buy Phentermine 30mg
Cheap Modafinil online uk
Generic Klonopin better
Order Valium 5mg
Lorazepam with blood thinners
Cheap Phentermine online no prescription
Alprazolam with ambien
Xanax effects prescription

Twelve days of darkness

Privacy Policy

An ancient coming of age tradition continues to be a significant ceremony for young Newari girls.

11-year-old Riti is being escorted by her sister into her terrace. A thick veil covers her head and face, leaving her to stare to only follow her feet, painted in traditional red design.

Minutes ago, she was being draped in a traditional bridal sari, her relatives were fussing over her make-up as she started at the changing reflection in her mirror. Riti is getting married today. As she steps into the terrace, she can feel the warm gaze of her groom, who she last saw 12 days ago.

This isn’t a child marriage but an ancient Newari tradition that marks the pre-puberty stage of a girl’s life. Her “groom” is the sun, who is considered a god in Hindu religion.

The custom, called “gufa” or “bara teu” in Newari, takes place before a girl’s first menstruation. For 12 days, Riti was confined in a room without sunlight. The room was exclusive to women, she was not allowed to see or touch men. She had her female relatives and friends for companionship. Her meals were served to her in the room.

In the corner of the room was a handmade doll, called bara kyakh, which signifies evil spirits.  Riti was told to pay respect this doll everyday and offer it food before she ate.

“I was nervous before the ceremony started as I was told that I will stay in my bedroom for 12days. I also felt sad because I thought I might not be able to play with my friends,” Riti says. “But, I enjoyed the days. My relatives and friends kept visiting me and we had a good time chatting, dancing and singing.”

Riti’s gufa was arranged during her winter vacation. During the 12 days her friends and relatives visited her with special sweets and fruits.

The ritual also marks the coming of age of a Newari girl. Riti was allowed to play with make-up and saris, things reserved for “women”. Her older relatives spoke to her of how her body will now change and transform into a woman, how she isn’t a child anymore, how she should behave.

Ram Kamal Shrestha, Riti’s mother, says that the ceremony is very important because it is a cultural ritual for Newari community.

“The ritual is not harmful to the child. She isn’t kept in absolute darkness,” said Shrestha. “We had a small light in her room and TV for her.”

Today, after 12 days, Riti has stepped out of her room for the first time. Her sister leads her to the mandap, where her relatives are waiting for her. Someone hands her rice and flower and the ritual begins.

Riti squinches her eyes as her sister lifts her veil and the sunlight touches her face for the first time in 12 days. She offers flowers and bows down to the sun. The ceremony resembles a wedding, complete with the custom of applying vermillion on her forehead and on the parting of her hair. It is believed that the sun will now protect her from evil.

Once the ceremony is over, Riti’s relatives bless her with gifts of clothes, money and flowers. There will be a reception in the evening to celebrate Riti’s Gufa ceremony. Just like in a wedding reception, Riti will take her place on a platform to receive gifts and blessings from her guests.

Riti’s friends are curious about the custom and are already asking about her experience. She is the first among her friends to have the gufa ceremony and is eager to share. “This year? Or the next?,” her friends debate about their own ceremony. Soon, Riti will be attending a “wedding” of one of her friends.



Google Plus