Nepal has fallen two places in the Global Press Freedom Index 2014, standing at 120 from 118 in 2013.
The index is published by Reporters Without Borders every year. It measures the level of freedom of information in 180 countries and reflects the degree of freedom that journalists, news organizations and netizens enjoy in each country, and the efforts made by the authorities to respect and ensure respect for this freedom. The index is a reference tool with seven criteria — the level of abuses, the extent of pluralism, media independence, the environment and self-censorship, the legislative framework, transparency and infrastructure
Specifying Nepal, the report states that “In Nepal, Maoist cadres were more aggressive towards journalists, who criticise their leaders, especially in run-up to CA polls.”
However, Nepal’s situation of press freedom in ranked higher than India (140), Pakistan (158) and China (175). Finland has been ranked first in the list followed by the Netherlands and Norway out of 180 countries evaluated. Finland led the ranking for the fourth consecutive year.